Geographic Sort Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lexington, Kentucky
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lexington, Kentucky

Clickable Map of Clark County, Kentucky and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Clark County, KY (47) Bourbon County, KY (24) Estill County, KY (13) Fayette County, KY (208) Madison County, KY (79) Montgomery County, KY (17) Powell County, KY (9)  ClarkCounty(47) Clark County (47)  BourbonCounty(24) Bourbon County (24)  EstillCounty(13) Estill County (13)  FayetteCounty(208) Fayette County (208)  MadisonCounty(79) Madison County (79)  MontgomeryCounty(17) Montgomery County (17)  PowellCounty(9) Powell County (9)
Lexington is in Clark County
    Clark County (47)
    Bourbon County (24)
    Estill County (13)
    Fayette County (208)
    Madison County (79)
    Montgomery County (17)
    Powell County (9)
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1Kentucky (Clark County), Lexington — 1318 — Caveland
Home of Richard Hickman. Born in Va., 1757. Built house in 1797. Clark county's first legislative representative, 1793-98. Member 1799 Ky. Constitutional Convention. General in the Ky. Militia. State: senator, 1800-8, 1811-12, 1819-22. Lt. Gov., . . . Map (db m169699) HM
2Kentucky (Clark County), Lexington — 2549 — John Jacob Niles
Composer, author, and ballad singer John Jacob Niles (1892-1980) built Boot Hill Farm here in 1939. Niles composed the songs “I Wonder as I Wander,” “Black Is the Color of My True Love's Hair,” and “Go 'Way from . . . Map (db m169683) HM
3Kentucky (Clark County), Lexington — 2599 — Jones Nursery / Nursery Place
Jones Nursery Griffin Fauntleroy Jones began one of Kentucky’s earliest commercial nurseries. He sold fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs, and vines. Many orchards in Clark and surrounding counties were supplied from Jones’ Nursery. . . . Map (db m169688) HM
4Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1 — "Ashland"
Historic home of Henry Clay Orator - Statesman - Patriot Kentucky's favorite son Born - 1777 Died - 1852.Map (db m35838) HM
5Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1404 — ← Cave Spring
Home of Capt. Robert Boggs, b.1746, Mill Creek Hundred, Del. Moved to Va. Soldier in Revolution. Came to Ky., 1774, as chainman Col. John Floyd's survey party. One of founders of Boonesborough. Officer, Cherokee Expedition, 1776. Under . . . Map (db m169730) HM
6Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1787-1987 Bicentennial Tree — Largest Basswood Tree in the United States
The National Arborist Association and the International Society of Arboriculture jointly recognize this significant tree in this bicentennial year as having lived here at the time of the signing of our constitution.Map (db m152373) HM
7Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 807 — A Founder of D.A.R.
Mary Desha, one of four founders of the Daughters of the American Revolution in 1890, taught public school here, 1875-85. Designer of society's seal. Taught in Alaska schools, returned to Washington, successfully advocated . . . Map (db m169869) HM
8Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union troops. . . . Map (db m123526) HM
9Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2476 — A&M College at Ashland
In 1865, the Ky. Legislature est. the Agricultural & Mechanical College of Kentucky University. The school's regent, John Bowman, bought the Ashland and Woodlands farms for the A&M campus. Ashland housed the mechanical campus, which continued . . . Map (db m169732) HM
10Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — A. B. Hancock Sr. — 1875 - 1957
Arthur Boyd Hancock Sr. was the son of Capt. Richard Hancock, who established Ellerslie as the leading horse farm in Virginia late in the 19th Century. Arthur Sr. returned from the University of Chicago in 1895 to assist his father, and later, as . . . Map (db m58285) HM
11Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Abraham Lincoln and Henry Clay — Kentucky Lincoln Heritage Trail
One of the least-known aspects of Henry Clay's legacy is the considerable influence he had on a young native Kentuckian, Abraham Lincoln. Although Lincoln is not known to have ever met his political idol, there can be little doubt of the impact . . . Map (db m169734) HM
12Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Abraham Perry (1842-1908)
known as Abe, was born in Midway, Woodford County. He began his career as a Thoroughbred trainer for Abraham Buford, Bosque Bonita Far, Woodford County where he trained McWhitter (1876-1878). Perry became assistant trainer for Leonard W. Jerome, . . . Map (db m169792) HM
13Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Adamstown / Pierre Whiting — 1872 1943 / 1863 1949
Adamstown This interurban African-American community was established in 1872 when working class and skilled laborers began purchasing land from George M. Adams to build homes. Adams, a native of Barbourville, Kentucky, was a slave owner . . . Map (db m169874) HM
14Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Address by President Lincoln — At the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . . . Map (db m138998) HM WM
15Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1826 — Adolph F. Rupp (1901-77)
"Winningest" coach in history of college basketball. Native Kansan who played under famed coach "Phog" Allen. Head coach at UK, 1930-72. Won 4 NCAA titles, won or tied SEC crown 27 times; coach of 1948 US Olympic team that won gold medal. Natl. . . . Map (db m134593) HM
16Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1928 — African American Physicians
Site of office building which housed prominent African-American physicians and pharmacy. Among the doctors who practiced here between 1909 and 1930 were Obed Cooley; Nathaniel J. Ridley; J.C. Coleman; John Hunter, first African-American surgeon at . . . Map (db m68193) HM
17Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — African Americans in the Horse Industry Buried Here
Thoroughbred Trainers (24) French Brooks 1861-1943 • Harry Brown ?-1890 • Edward Caldwell 1863-1912 • General Carter 1865-1936 • Oliver D. Chambers 1842-1909 • June Collins 1860-1930 • Polk Drake 1852-1889 • Moses Dupee 1832-1901 • Ben . . . Map (db m169816) HM
18Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2110 — African Cemetery No. 2
Earliest recorded cemetery in Lexington to be organized, owned, and managed by African Americans. The site has been in existence since 1869. Trustees of Benevolent Society No. 2 successfully operated cemetery. Many individuals buried here were . . . Map (db m169750) HM
19Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Agriculture at Ashland
From the time Henry Clay bought his first 125 acres in 1804 until long after his death in 1852, Ashland was an important and successful farm. It produced some of the finest livestock and crops in Kentucky and the nation. Ashland remained a center . . . Map (db m169736) HM
20Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt — 1912 - 1999
Son of a sporting coachman, who went down on the Lusitania, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt took over his family's Sagamore Farm in Maryland after his 21st birthday in 1933. He soon purchased Discovery, which campaigned across the country for several years . . . Map (db m58313) HM
21Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Allen Paulson — 1922 - 2000
Long before he owned the international champion Cigar, Allen Paulson had established an American success story honored by the Horatio Alger Association and the Wright Brothers Trophy. Born in Clinton, Iowa, into a family that was to be bankrupted by . . . Map (db m58319) HM
22Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Andrew Jackson — 1767 - 1845
George Washington's diary included references to attending horse racing and Thomas Jefferson was also an avid horseman. Their interest, however, could hardly match that of Andrew Jackson, who stabled some of his race horses on the White House . . . Map (db m58344) HM
23Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 945 — Architects Shryock / Another Shryock
Architects Shryock "Best known surname in Kentucky architecture is Shryock." Family home, erected by Matthias Shryock (1774-1833), here. Designed first Episcopal church in city, 1814, and Mary Todd Lincoln home on W. Main. Son, . . . Map (db m136935) HM
24Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Arthur B. Hancock, Jr. — 1910 - 1972
Arthur B. Hancock, Jr. was given the nickname of "Bull" while in school. He was known as such thereafter, the name fitting his large physical frame and deep, commanding voice. Hancock inherited responsibility for Claiborne Farm in Paris, Kentucky, . . . Map (db m57720) HM
25Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2381 — Artistides
In May 1875, an estimated 10,000 racing fans watched the first running of the Kentucky Derby. Among the field of fifteen thoroughbreds, Aristides, the “little red horse,” won the mile-and-one-half race. Oliver Lewis, a . . . Map (db m78750) HM
26Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2235 — Ashland / Clay & Abraham Lincoln
Ashland Home of Henry Clay, born April 12, 1777, died June 29, 1852. Served as a state legislator, US rep. & senator, house speaker, secretary of state. He ran for president in 1824, 1832, & 1844. Also an attorney, he practiced law for more than . . . Map (db m35845) HM
27Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2305 — Ashland Park / Olmsted Brothers In KY
(obverse) Ashland Park In 1904, descendants of Henry Clay hired famed landscape architects, Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and John Charles Olmsted, to design Ashland Park neighborhood on the 600-acre estate. Constructed over a 15-year . . . Map (db m57505) HM
28Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — August Belmont II — 1853 - 1924
Man O’ War, the legendary race horse from the Golden Age of Sport, was bred in Kentucky by August Belmont II. For more than a quarter-century, Belmont was perhaps the most important figure in Thoroughbred racing, as chairman of the Jockey Club, a . . . Map (db m57640) HM
29Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2070 — Barker Hall and Buell Armory
Dedicated in 1901 and known as Alumni Hall. The original structure was a central, three-story building with a gymnasium and a drill hall on either side. Expanded in the 1930s with aid of WPA funds. The 19th-century bell from the Peter Taylor . . . Map (db m136988) HM
30Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 14 — Beck House
Residence of James Burnie Beck. Born Dumfriesshire, Scot., 1822, died Washington, D.C., 1890. Law partner John C. Breckinridge. Congressman from Ky., 1867-75. U.S. Senator from Ky. 1876-90.Map (db m35840) HM
31Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Bing Crosby — 1904 - 1977
After Meadow Court wom the Irish Sweeps Derby of 1965, fans were treated to Bing Crosby's impromptu crooning of "When Irish Eyes Are Smiling." The famous singer and actor was part owner of the winning colt. Years before, Crosby had greeted the . . . Map (db m57709) HM
32Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 8 — Black Lexingtonians Believed Strongly in Education 1865 — Empowerment through Learning — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
Before the Civil War, black Lexingtonians established private schools in churches and educated missionaries who were sent around the world. After 1865, with the support of the Freedmen's Bureau, four free schools for black students were established. . . . Map (db m137045) HM
33Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1773 — Boone's Creek Baptist Church
Organized November 1785, by Elders John Taylor and John Tanner with 18 original members. Church part of Elkhorn Assn.; in 1823 joined Boone's Creek Assn. Sunday School organized ca. 1866. Present church is on same land as the first log church . . . Map (db m169681) HM
34Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2230 — Boone's Station
Daniel Boone surveyed this site in 1774 for a 4,000-acre land grant to James Hickman. In Dec. 1779, Boone and other families lived here in crude shelters; in 1780, built cabins & stockade. By 1783, the station included 15-20 families. Among these, . . . Map (db m169706) HM
35Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1742 — Breckinridge's Last Home
Built circa 1866, this house was occupied by John C. Breckinridge in 1874-1875. The former U.S. senator and youngest U.S. vice-president was also a Confederate general and secretary of war. After exile, he returned to Lexington in 1869 and resumed . . . Map (db m57476) HM
36Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 21 — Bryan's Station
Camping place in 1775-76 of the brothers Morgan, James, William and Joseph Bryan. In 1779 was fortified as a station which in Aug. 1782 repelled a siege of Indians and Canadians under Capt. William Caldwell and Simon Girty.Map (db m35894) HM
37Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Buffalo Soldiers
“Buffalo Soldiers” specifically refers to African Americans serving in the 9th and 10th Cavalry, and 24th and 25th infantry. Originally organized after the Civil War to fight native Americans in the American West, they later went on to . . . Map (db m169751) HM
38Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — C. V. Whitney — 1899 - 1992
Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney represented the third generation of the Whitney family's prominence in business, society, and racing. His mother was a granddaughter of shipping and railroad tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt. C. V. Whitney and a cousin, John . . . Map (db m58299) HM
39Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Capt. Harry Guggenheim — 1890 - 1971
Charles Lindbergh regarded Capt. Harry F. Guggenheim and Dr. Robert Goddard as the two most forward looking men in the early history of aerospace. Guggenheim financed much of Goddard's research and was himself a combat flyer in both world wars. . . . Map (db m58321) HM
40Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Cassius Clay Tankersly (c. 1866-1886)
had been employed by Barak G. Thomas, owner of Dixiana Farm, as a 'race rider' since he was fourteen years old. He was mounted for the Harold Stakes at Latonia. Cassius' fate was reported in several publications: “The sad accident which befell . . . Map (db m169789) HM
41Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1783 — Cedar Hall - Helm Place
This antebellum Greek Revival Home was part of Bowman estate. Col. Abraham Bowman commanded 8th Va. Regt. in Revolution. Behind house was Todd's Station, built 1779 by Levi Todd, grandfather of Mary Todd Lincoln and Emilie Todd Helm. Mrs. Helm, wife . . . Map (db m14009) HM
42Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 21 — Childhood Home — National Votes for Women Trail — Road to the 19th Amendment —
Kentucky Equal Rights Assn. pres. Madeline McDowell Breckinridge who hosted receptions here 1915 & 1920 for suffrage conventions.Map (db m169733) HM
43Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2316 — Christ Church Cathedral
First Episcopal church in Ky., founded in 1796. Present Gothic structure, completed in 1848, was built by John McMurtry. Thomas Lewinski, architect. The Rev. James Moore was first rector and first president of Transylvania Univ. The Diocese of Ky. . . . Map (db m134601) HM
44Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Civil War Action At "Ashland" — October 18, 1862
(Obverse) While Confederate Armies were retreating from Kentucky after the Battle of Perryville, Colonel John Hunt Morgan operated behind the pursuing Union Army, with Colonel Basil W. Duke's Second Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, Colonel . . . Map (db m60962) HM
45Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1459 — Clay Villa, ca. 1845
Home of James B. Clay, son of Henry Clay. Designed by Major Thomas Lewinski, as an Italianate villa. Floor plan consisted of central hall with 4 rooms on each floor. Thomas Clay's home, Mansfield, on Richmond Rd, designed at same time. James Clay . . . Map (db m169740) HM
46Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Col. E. R. Bradley — 1859 - 1946
The activities of Col. E. R. Bradley ranged from operating Palm Beach's Beach Club casino to staging charity race days for orphans. A product of a burgeoning nation in the 19th century, Bradley worked in steel mills in Pittsburgh as a youngster, . . . Map (db m58351) HM
47Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Col. Phil T. Chinn — 1874 - 1962
Col. Phil T. Chinn's place in the history of Thoroughbred racing and breeding would be secure on the facts alone, for he bred, trained, raced, bought, and sold a number of important horses. It was as a character and raconteur, however, that Col. . . . Map (db m58320) HM
48Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1613 — Col. Robert Patterson (1753-1827) / Patterson Cabin
Col. Robert Patterson (1753-1827) A large landholder, Patterson took part in founding Lexington, Cincinnati and Dayton. Chose site of Lexington, helped erect fort, April 1779, and laid off town; on Board of Trustees for many years. He . . . Map (db m61080) HM
49Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 166 — Coldstream Farm
Famous Kentucky horse farm. Known earlier as McGrathiana. The home of Aristides, the first winner of the Kentucky Derby.Map (db m70578) HM
50Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 125 — Colonel George Nicholas
Grave of George Nicholas 1754-1799 Revolutionary soldier Virginia House of Delegates Father of Kentucky Constitution First Kentucky Attorney General Professor of Law at Transylvania UniversityMap (db m61134) HM
51Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1963 — Colored Orphan Industrial Home
Led by Mrs. E. Belle Mitchell Jackson, orphan home opened here 1894. Orphans and other black youth learned to read and write and acquired a trade; also refuge for elderly women. By 1909 home consisted of 18 acres and 2 brick houses. Burned in 1912. . . . Map (db m136922) HM
52Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2545 — Commonwealth of Kentucky v. Jeffrey Wasson
At this site in the fall of 1985, undercover police operations targeted gay men. Nineteen were charged with violating Kentucky's sodomy law, which carried a penalty of up to 12 months in jail, a $500 fine or both. Only Jeffrey Allen Wasson . . . Map (db m179364) HM
53Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Confederate Soldiers Monument
C.S.A (The names of 160 Confederate soldiers that are buried in the Lexington Cemetery are listed on the four faces of the pedestal) C.V.A.Map (db m167905) WM
54Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Daniel Swigert — 1833 - 1912
Elmendorf Farms, one of the enduring symbols of the Bluegrass, on Paris Pike, was named by Daniel Swigert. He purchased the 544-acre core of the farm in 1881 for $150,000 from John Sanford, who had called the property Preakness Stud. Earlier, . . . Map (db m58282) HM
55Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2022 — Desegregation of UK / Lyman T. Johnson — / 1906- 1997
Desegregation of UK In 1948 Lyman T. Johnson filed suit for admission to UK. In March 1949 Federal Judge H. Church Ford ruled in Johnson's favor, and that summer nearly 30 black students entered UK graduate and professional programs. . . . Map (db m169899) HM
56Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2562 — Deweese (Dewees) St. Neighborhood / African American Business District
Deweese (Dewees) St. Neighborhood Segregation limited the housing options of African Americans. Redlining and discriminatory real estate policies forced black Lexingtonians to live in "shotgun" houses built close together. By the late 19th . . . Map (db m169747) HM
57Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Dr. Elisha Warfield — 1781 - 1859
His name having wafted down through history as The Father of the Kentucky Turf, Dr. Elisha Warfield had the overriding distinction of having been the breeder of the stallion Lexington. Depicted elsewhere in this park, Lexington was a bellwether . . . Map (db m57742) HM
58Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1466 — Dr. Luke P. Blackburn Correctional Complex / Blackburn Correctional Complex
Dr. Luke P. Blackburn Correctional Complex Originally Kentucky Village, this complex renamed in honor of Dr. Luke P. Blackburn, 26th Governor of Ky., in recognition of his pioneer efforts in prison reform. Elected Governor in 1879, after . . . Map (db m170039) HM
59Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1480 — Dr. Robert Peter
Pharmacist, physician, chemist, teacher and author. Born in England, 1805, he came to Lexington in 1832. Dr. Peter was associated with Transylvania Univ. more than 50 yrs.; elected to chair of chemistry and pharmacy and Dean of Medical School. . . . Map (db m165195) HM
60Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — E. P. Taylor — 1901 - 1989
A Canadian whose breeding farms were in Ontario and Maryland, E. P. Taylor nevertheless had a profound influence on Kentucky. His patronage of the Keeneland select yearling sale was significant in its emergence as the elite among international . . . Map (db m57708) HM
61Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1558 — Early Land Grant
This spring 900 feet to the west was discovered in 1775 by Joseph Lindsay who was killed at the Battle of Blue Licks. Spring and surrounding 2,000 acres were later surveyed for Evan Shelby, father of the first governor of Kentucky. The house on this . . . Map (db m170027) HM
62Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1033 — Eastern State Hospital
The second State Mental Hospital built in the U.S. Established by legislative act of Dec. 4, 1822, which named commissioners to buy and operate it in Fayette County. They acquired The Fayette Hospital organized in 1816. "The Lunatic Asylum" opened . . . Map (db m35844) HM
63Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Elizabeth Arden Graham — 1884 - 1966
The proprietress of the famed cosmetics house, Elizabeth Arden was born Florence Nightingale Graham near Toronto, Canada. At age twenty-four she moved to New York, later borrowed $6000 from her brother, and began her own firm. By 1945, the Elizabeth . . . Map (db m58291) HM
64Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1001 — Ellerslie
The home which stood on this site from 1787 to 1947 was built by Levi Todd (1756-1807), who named it for his ancestral village in Scotland. He was one of a party of hunters who named Lexington in 1775; first Fayette County clerk; aide to George . . . Map (db m70579) HM
65Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1447 — Fairlawn, ca. 1845 / Dr. Benjamin Dudley
Fairlawn, ca. 1845. Home of Dr. Benjamin W. Dudley from 1846 until 1870. Small white cottage to south purchased by Dr. Dudley, 1839, used for instruction in anatomy and surgery while on faculty of Transylvania Medical School. William T. . . . Map (db m169849) HM
66Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2595 — Fairness Ordinance
On July 8, 1999, Fayette County outlawed discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity in housing, employment, and public accommodations. This groundbreaking, county-wide ordinance was the first in Kentucky to provide these . . . Map (db m136945) HM
67Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Farriers
The farrier is as critical to the success of the modern racehorse as a well-drilled team changing the tires on the modern racing car. Farriers form and fit the shoes to each horse as required by training and racing events. The adjacent grave is . . . Map (db m169790) HM
68Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1440 — Fayette County
One of the three original counties formed when Kentucky Co., Virginia, was divided by Va. Act in 1780. Included area north and east of Ky. River, 37 persent-day counties and parts of 7 others. Reduced to its present boundaries by 1799. Named . . . Map (db m14016) HM
69Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Fayette County World War I Memorial — 1917           1919
The Men of Fayette County who gave their lives in Service During the World War. [First column] Fred M. Blakeman • Don Mullis Burris • Marshall Corum • Harry W. Cunningham • Johnson Clay Eales • Clarence R. Gaugh • Sydney . . . Map (db m14090) HM
70Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1551 — First Inauguration
Isaac Shelby was inaugurated as lst governor of Kentucky, June 4, 1792, at building on West Main Street; built as a market house, 1791-92. After Kentucky's admission to Union, the structure was also used as a State House during the legislative . . . Map (db m68215) HM
71Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2277 — First Presbyterian Church
(obverse) Founded 1784. Oldest congregation in continuous existence in city. Founders were hunting party members who selected city’s site and named it Lexington in honor of first battle of the American Revolution. First pastor Adam Rankin’s . . . Map (db m59162) HM
72Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 6 — First Race Course
Near this spot pioneers in 1780 established the starting point of the first race path in Kentucky, extending southward one quarter mile.Map (db m35841) HM
73Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2460 — Florence Crittenton Home
In 1894, a group of local women established the House of Mercy on this site to provide a home for single pregnant women. In 1921 the home became affiliated with Florence Crittenton Homes, founded by Charles Crittenton in memory of his daughter. . . . Map (db m169840) HM
74Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 9 — Fort Clay
Extensive earthworks with ditch, drawbridges and magazine were constructed here by Federal forces after the Battle of "Ashland" May, 1862.Map (db m130222) HM
75Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Frances Jewell McVey / Jewell Hall — 1889-1943 / 1939-2014
Frances Jewell McVey Frances Jewell, a native Kentuckian, was a graduate of Vassar College and Columbia University. Beginning as an instructor in the University of Kentucky English Department from 1915-1921, Jewell served as Dean . . . Map (db m169879) HM
76Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 5 — From Enslaved to Community Activist / The Original Power Couple — 1871 — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
From Enslaved to Community Activist Education Gave the Jacksons a Step Up Jordan C. Jackson, Jr. was born enslaved in Lexington. Denied an education, he taught himself to read and write, eventually becoming a successful businessman . . . Map (db m137309) HM
77Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 10 — From Enslaved to the Presidency / From Slavery to Liberation — 1871 — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
From Enslaved to the Presidency Finding Freedom in Africa This site was originally part of the Glendower Estate, where Alfred Francis Russell was born enslaved in 1817. From these humble beginnings, he rose to become president . . . Map (db m137310) HM
78Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2514 — Garden Club of Lexington / Ashland Garden
Garden Club of Lexington The Garden Club of Lexington was founded in 1916 by twelve women who affiliated with the Garden Club of America in 1924. Its purpose is conservation, beautification, and education. In 1950, the Henry Clay Foundation . . . Map (db m169735) HM
79Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — George D. Widener — 1889 - 1971
George D. Widened was a prototype sportsman from a distinguished Philadelphia family. Several years after his father was lost on the Titanic, Widener purchased Erdenheim, the Pennsylvania property which had been birthplace of Iroquois, first . . . Map (db m58288) HM
80Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — George M. Humphrey — 1890 - 1970
Among modern political figures involved in Thoroughbred racing have been national Treasury Secretaries George M. Humphrey, william Simon, and Nicholas Brady. Humphrey joined President Eisenhower's Cabinet in 1953, after a vigorous business career . . . Map (db m58287) HM
81Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — George Washington — 1732 - 1799
The first President of the United States was an avid horseman and outdoorsman, as befit his era, and he at times was a participant in horse racing. The cherished tale of his Magnolia running against a horse owned by Thomas Jefferson was refuted by . . . Map (db m58334) HM
82Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2012 — Gillis Building 1889
Erected in 1889 as U.K.'s first Agricultural Experiment Station; now second oldest building on the campus. Destroyed by fire in 1891, it was rebuilt on the same site. Named for Ezra Gillis (1867-1958) who joined the U.K. faculty in 1907 and served . . . Map (db m136985) HM
83Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2439 — Glengarry Field-Cool Meadow / Fasig-Tipton Since 1898
Glengarry Field-Cool Meadow Lexington Municipal Airport at Glengarry Field was dedicated on July 12, 1935 and later re-named Cool Meadow Airport. It was located on the site of a Civil War Union army encampment and skirmish on Glengarry Farm. . . . Map (db m170042) HM
84Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Groomsman
Octie Keys, died July 1929, had a listed occupation of horsegroom. Horsegrooms are responsible for all aspects of the care and maintenance of thoroughbred horses. Until Keeneland was built, Lexington's racetrack, The Kentucky Association Racetrack, . . . Map (db m169755) HM
85Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Haggin Hall
The original Haggin Hall — In 1939, President Frank MeVey announced that Margaret Voorhies Haggin had created a trust fund in memory of her late husband, James B. Haggin. This gift continues to enrich the University today. Born in . . . Map (db m169904) HM
86Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Hal Price Headley — 1888 - 1962
Hal Price Headley embodied the image of the Bluegrass horseman. He was sophisticated in business, but always a man of agriculture, raising tobacco as well as Thoroughbreds. His lasting legacy to Lexington was his instrumental role in formation of . . . Map (db m58352) HM
87Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2245 — Hampton Court
Attorney Charles H. Stoll began development in 1907 after orphan asylum razed. Built first luxury apartment building in Lexington known as "Stoll Flats” #310. Court named for Hampton Halley Lisle, Stoll's son-in-law. In 1909, Col. Milton . . . Map (db m169846) HM
88Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Harry Payne Whitney — 1872 - 1930
The stamp affixed on Thoroughbred racing by William Collins Whitney and his son Harry Payne Whitney remains indelible. It was W. C. Whitney who poured funding into revitalization of Saratoga, the charming old Victorian race track still operating in . . . Map (db m58325) HM
89Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Henry Clay — 1777 - 1852
Visitors familiar with Lexington's Ashland, the home of Henry Clay, know it as a graceful old house, with lovely gardens and grounds. In an earlier time, when Henry Clay built it to some 2,000 acres, Ashland was also the home of Thoroughbreds. Henry . . . Map (db m58346) HM
90Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Henry Clay — Pioneer Purebred Livestock Breeder
Brought to "Ashland" and its pastures Hereford Cattle from England, in 1817, and added them to his herd of shorthorns. Here he pioneered thoroughbred horse breeding in the Blue Grass. To this farm he brought jack stock from Spain. Here he bred . . . Map (db m60864) HM
91Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Henry Clay
Henry Clay, born in Virginia in 1777, came to Lexington at the age of twenty and quickly established a successful law practice. In 1799 he married Lucretia Hart, daughter of one of this city’s most prominent families. He served six years in . . . Map (db m119135) HM
92Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 139 — Henry Clay's Law Office
Erected 1803-04, this is the only office standing used by Clay; he occupied it from 1804 until ca. 1810. During these significant years in his career, Clay was elected to successive terms in legislature and to unexpired terms in the United States . . . Map (db m59165) HM
93Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Herman L. Donovan / Donovan Hall — 1887-1964 / 1955-2014
Herman L. Donovan UK's Fourth President (1941-1956), Donovan guided the University through World War II and desegregation. He focused much of his energy on post-war planning for UK, which witnessed an influx of returning service men . . . Map (db m169906) HM
94Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2477 — Historic Botherum
Major Madison C. Johnson, a lawyer and friend of Henry Clay, commissioned Lexington architect John McMurtry to construct Botherum in 1851. The house is a combination of Greek and Gothic Revival styles, resulting in a unique cottage. It . . . Map (db m169867) HM
95Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1806 — Historic Land
The land upon which Pleasant Green Baptist Church stands was conveyed in 1822 by Dr. Frederick Ridgely, a white surgeon in Lexington, to trustees Harry Quills, Benjamin Admon, and Solomon Walker, all slaves, for purpose of erecting an African . . . Map (db m68132) HM
96Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2539 — Historic LGBTQ Site
Oldest continuous LGBTQ gathering place in Kentucky, and among the oldest in the U.S. LGBTQ patrons discreetly congregated here as early as 1939. In 1963 The Gilded Cage bar opened, run by gay men John Hill and Estel Wilson. Patrons enjoyed same sex . . . Map (db m179398) HM
97Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Hostlers
A hostler is a horse handler. 'Soup' Perkins was employed as a hostler before becoming a jockey. Daniel Hart, died 16 January 1901, was identified as a hostler in records of his occupation. Sign produced with support from a University of . . . Map (db m169756) HM
98Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — HRM Queen Elizabeth II — 1926 -
The English Royal family has been instrumental in Thoroughbred racing through many successions, and no monarch has been more knowledgeable about the sport that Queen Elizabeth II. There was a Royal Stud farm in the time of Henry VIII, and with . . . Map (db m58316) HM
99Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2365 — Hunt-Morgan House
1814 Federal-style home, named Hopemont, retains original architectural features, including a cantilevered staircase & fanlight window. Saved from demolition by the Blue Grass Trust in 1955. Built by John Wesley Hunt (1773-1849), a . . . Map (db m59107) HM
100Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Isaac Burns Murphy
One of the greatest jockeys in the history of American racing, Isaac Burns Murphy was born on a farm in the Bluegrass not far from Lexington in 1861. His parents were enslaved. His mother, America Murphy, was a domestic servant on the farm. His . . . Map (db m119100) HM

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Sep. 28, 2021