“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
141 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 41 ⊳

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lexington

Clickable Map of Fayette County, Kentucky and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fayette County, KY (141) Bourbon County, KY (12) Clark County, KY (31) Jessamine County, KY (6) Madison County, KY (71) Scott County, KY (24) Woodford County, KY (19)  FayetteCounty(141) Fayette County (141)  BourbonCounty(12) Bourbon County (12)  ClarkCounty(31) Clark County (31)  JessamineCounty(6) Jessamine County (6)  MadisonCounty(71) Madison County (71)  ScottCounty(24) Scott County (24)  WoodfordCounty(19) Woodford County (19)
Lexington, Kentucky and Vicinity
    Fayette County (141)
    Bourbon County (12)
    Clark County (31)
    Jessamine County (6)
    Madison County (71)
    Scott County (24)
    Woodford County (19)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1 — "Ashland"
Historic home of Henry Clay Orator - Statesman - Patriot Kentucky's favorite son Born - 1777 Died - 1852. — Map (db m35838) HM
2Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1787-1987 Bicentennial Tree — Largest Basswood Tree in the United States
The National Arborist Association and the International Society of Arboriculture jointly recognize this significant tree in this bicentennial year as having lived here at the time of the signing of our constitution. — Map (db m152373) HM
3Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union troops. . . . — Map (db m123526) HM
4Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — A. B. Hancock Sr. — 1875 - 1957
Arthur Boyd Hancock Sr. was the son of Capt. Richard Hancock, who established Ellerslie as the leading horse farm in Virginia late in the 19th Century. Arthur Sr. returned from the University of Chicago in 1895 to assist his father, and later, as . . . — Map (db m58285) HM
5Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Address by President Lincoln — At the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . . . — Map (db m138998) HM WM
6Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1826 — Adolph F. Rupp (1901-77)
"Winningest" coach in history of college basketball. Native Kansan who played under famed coach "Phog" Allen. Head coach at UK, 1930-72. Won 4 NCAA titles, won or tied SEC crown 27 times; coach of 1948 US Olympic team that won gold medal. Natl. . . . — Map (db m134593) HM
7Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1928 — African American Physicians
Site of office building which housed prominent African-American physicians and pharmacy. Among the doctors who practiced here between 1909 and 1930 were Obed Cooley; Nathaniel J. Ridley; J.C. Coleman; John Hunter, first African-American surgeon at . . . — Map (db m68193) HM
8Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt — 1912 - 1999
Son of a sporting coachman, who went down on the Lusitania, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt took over his family's Sagamore Farm in Maryland after his 21st birthday in 1933. He soon purchased Discovery, which campaigned across the country for several years . . . — Map (db m58313) HM
9Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Allen Paulson — 1922 - 2000
Long before he owned the international champion Cigar, Allen Paulson had established an American success story honored by the Horatio Alger Association and the Wright Brothers Trophy. Born in Clinton, Iowa, into a family that was to be bankrupted by . . . — Map (db m58319) HM
10Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Andrew Jackson — 1767 - 1845
George Washington's diary included references to attending horse racing and Thomas Jefferson was also an avid horseman. Their interest, however, could hardly match that of Andrew Jackson, who stabled some of his race horses on the White House . . . — Map (db m58344) HM
11Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 945 — Architects Shryock / Another Shryock
Architects Shryock "Best known surname in Kentucky architecture is Shryock." Family home, erected by Matthias Shryock (1774-1833), here. Designed first Episcopal church in city, 1814, and Mary Todd Lincoln home on W. Main. Son, . . . — Map (db m136935) HM
12Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Arthur B. Hancock, Jr. — 1910 - 1972
Arthur B. Hancock, Jr. was given the nickname of "Bull" while in school. He was known as such thereafter, the name fitting his large physical frame and deep, commanding voice. Hancock inherited responsibility for Claiborne Farm in Paris, Kentucky, . . . — Map (db m57720) HM
13Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2381 — Artistides
In May 1875, an estimated 10,000 racing fans watched the first running of the Kentucky Derby. Among the field of fifteen thoroughbreds, Aristides, the “little red horse,” won the mile-and-one-half race. Oliver Lewis, a . . . — Map (db m78750) HM
14Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2235 — Ashland / Clay & Abraham Lincoln
Ashland Home of Henry Clay, born April 12, 1777, died June 29, 1852. Served as a state legislator, US rep. & senator, house speaker, secretary of state. He ran for president in 1824, 1832, & 1844. Also an attorney, he practiced law for more than . . . — Map (db m35845) HM
15Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2305 — Ashland Park / Olmsted Brothers In KY
(obverse) Ashland Park In 1904, descendants of Henry Clay hired famed landscape architects, Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and John Charles Olmsted, to design Ashland Park neighborhood on the 600-acre estate. Constructed over a 15-year . . . — Map (db m57505) HM
16Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — August Belmont II — 1853 - 1924
Man O’ War, the legendary race horse from the Golden Age of Sport, was bred in Kentucky by August Belmont II. For more than a quarter-century, Belmont was perhaps the most important figure in Thoroughbred racing, as chairman of the Jockey Club, a . . . — Map (db m57640) HM
17Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2070 — Barker Hall and Buell Armory
Dedicated in 1901 and known as Alumni Hall. The original structure was a central, three-story building with a gymnasium and a drill hall on either side. Expanded in the 1930s with aid of WPA funds. The 19th-century bell from the Peter Taylor . . . — Map (db m136988) HM
18Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 14 — Beck House
Residence of James Burnie Beck. Born Dumfriesshire, Scot., 1822, died Washington, D.C., 1890. Law partner John C. Breckinridge. Congressman from Ky., 1867-75. U.S. Senator from Ky. 1876-90. — Map (db m35840) HM
19Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Bing Crosby — 1904 - 1977
After Meadow Court wom the Irish Sweeps Derby of 1965, fans were treated to Bing Crosby's impromptu crooning of "When Irish Eyes Are Smiling." The famous singer and actor was part owner of the winning colt. Years before, Crosby had greeted the . . . — Map (db m57709) HM
20Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 8 — Black Lexingtonians Believed Strongly in Education 1865 — Empowerment through Learning — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
Before the Civil War, black Lexingtonians established private schools in churches and educated missionaries who were sent around the world. After 1865, with the support of the Freedmen's Bureau, four free schools for black students were established. . . . — Map (db m137045) HM
21Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1742 — Breckinridge's Last Home
Built circa 1866, this house was occupied by John C. Breckinridge in 1874-1875. The former U.S. senator and youngest U.S. vice-president was also a Confederate general and secretary of war. After exile, he returned to Lexington in 1869 and resumed . . . — Map (db m57476) HM
22Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 21 — Bryan's Station
Camping place in 1775-76 of the brothers Morgan, James, William and Joseph Bryan. In 1779 was fortified as a station which in Aug. 1782 repelled a siege of Indians and Canadians under Capt. William Caldwell and Simon Girty. — Map (db m35894) HM
23Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — C. V. Whitney — 1899 - 1992
Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney represented the third generation of the Whitney family's prominence in business, society, and racing. His mother was a granddaughter of shipping and railroad tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt. C. V. Whitney and a cousin, John . . . — Map (db m58299) HM
24Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Capt. Harry Guggenheim — 1890 - 1971
Charles Lindbergh regarded Capt. Harry F. Guggenheim and Dr. Robert Goddard as the two most forward looking men in the early history of aerospace. Guggenheim financed much of Goddard's research and was himself a combat flyer in both world wars. . . . — Map (db m58321) HM
25Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1783 — Cedar Hall - Helm Place
This antebellum Greek Revival Home was part of Bowman estate. Col. Abraham Bowman commanded 8th Va. Regt. in Revolution. Behind house was Todd's Station, built 1779 by Levi Todd, grandfather of Mary Todd Lincoln and Emilie Todd Helm. Mrs. Helm, wife . . . — Map (db m14009) HM
26Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2316 — Christ Church Cathedral
First Episcopal church in Ky., founded in 1796. Present Gothic structure, completed in 1848, was built by John McMurtry. Thomas Lewinski, architect. The Rev. James Moore was first rector and first president of Transylvania Univ. The Diocese of Ky. . . . — Map (db m134601) HM
27Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Civil War Action At "Ashland" — October 18, 1862
(Obverse) While Confederate Armies were retreating from Kentucky after the Battle of Perryville, Colonel John Hunt Morgan operated behind the pursuing Union Army, with Colonel Basil W. Duke's Second Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, Colonel . . . — Map (db m60962) HM
28Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Col. E. R. Bradley — 1859 - 1946
The activities of Col. E. R. Bradley ranged from operating Palm Beach's Beach Club casino to staging charity race days for orphans. A product of a burgeoning nation in the 19th century, Bradley worked in steel mills in Pittsburgh as a youngster, . . . — Map (db m58351) HM
29Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Col. Phil T. Chinn — 1874 - 1962
Col. Phil T. Chinn's place in the history of Thoroughbred racing and breeding would be secure on the facts alone, for he bred, trained, raced, bought, and sold a number of important horses. It was as a character and raconteur, however, that Col. . . . — Map (db m58320) HM
30Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1613 — Col. Robert Patterson (1753-1827) / Patterson Cabin
Col. Robert Patterson (1753-1827) A large landholder, Patterson took part in founding Lexington, Cincinnati and Dayton. Chose site of Lexington, helped erect fort, April 1779, and laid off town; on Board of Trustees for many years. He . . . — Map (db m61080) HM
31Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 166 — Coldstream Farm
Famous Kentucky horse farm. Known earlier as McGrathiana. The home of Aristides, the first winner of the Kentucky Derby. — Map (db m70578) HM
32Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 125 — Colonel George Nicholas
Grave of George Nicholas 1754-1799 Revolutionary soldier Virginia House of Delegates Father of Kentucky Constitution First Kentucky Attorney General Professor of Law at Transylvania University — Map (db m61134) HM
33Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1995 — Colored Orphan Industrial Home
Led by Mrs. E. Belle Mitchell Jackson, orphan home opened here 1894. Orphans and other black youth learned to read and write and acquired a trade; also refuge for elderly women. By 1909 home consisted of 18 acres and 2 brick houses. Burned in 1912. . . . — Map (db m136922) HM
34Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2545 — Commonwealth of Kentucky v. Jeffery Wasson
At this site in the fall of 1985, undercover police operations targeted gay men. Nineteen were charged with violating Kentucky's sodomy law, which carried a penalty of up to 12 months in jail, a $500 fine or both. Only Jeffery Allan Wasson . . . — Map (db m136942) HM
35Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Daniel Swigert — 1833 - 1912
Elmendorf Farms, one of the enduring symbols of the Bluegrass, on Paris Pike, was named by Daniel Swigert. He purchased the 544-acre core of the farm in 1881 for $150,000 from John Sanford, who had called the property Preakness Stud. Earlier, . . . — Map (db m58282) HM
36Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Dr. Elisha Warfield — 1781 - 1859
His name having wafted down through history as The Father of the Kentucky Turf, Dr. Elisha Warfield had the overriding distinction of having been the breeder of the stallion Lexington. Depicted elsewhere in this park, Lexington was a bellwether . . . — Map (db m57742) HM
37Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — E. P. Taylor — 1901 - 1989
A Canadian whose breeding farms were in Ontario and Maryland, E. P. Taylor nevertheless had a profound influence on Kentucky. His patronage of the Keeneland select yearling sale was significant in its emergence as the elite among international . . . — Map (db m57708) HM
38Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1033 — Eastern State Hospital
The second State Mental Hospital built in the U.S. Established by legislative act of Dec. 4, 1822, which named commissioners to buy and operate it in Fayette County. They acquired The Fayette Hospital organized in 1816. "The Lunatic Asylum" opened . . . — Map (db m35844) HM
39Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Elizabeth Arden Graham — 1884 - 1966
The proprietress of the famed cosmetics house, Elizabeth Arden was born Florence Nightingale Graham near Toronto, Canada. At age twenty-four she moved to New York, later borrowed $6000 from her brother, and began her own firm. By 1945, the Elizabeth . . . — Map (db m58291) HM
40Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1001 — Ellerslie
The home which stood on this site from 1787 to 1947 was built by Levi Todd (1756-1807), who named it for his ancestral village in Scotland. He was one of a party of hunters who named Lexington in 1775; first Fayette County clerk; aide to George . . . — Map (db m70579) HM
41Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2595 — Fairness Ordinance
On July 8, 1999, Fayette County outlawed discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity in housing, employment, and public accommodations. This groundbreaking, county-wide ordinance was the first in Kentucky to provide these . . . — Map (db m136945) HM
42Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1440 — Fayette County
One of the three original counties formed when Kentucky Co., Virginia, was divided by Va. Act in 1780. Included area north and east of Ky. River, 37 persent-day counties and parts of 7 others. Reduced to its present boundaries by 1799. Named . . . — Map (db m14016) HM
43Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Fayette County World War I Memorial — 1917           1919
The Men of Fayette County who gave their lives in Service During the World War. [First column] Fred M. Blakeman • Don Mullis Burris • Marshall Corum • Harry W. Cunningham • Johnson Clay Eales • Clarence R. Gaugh • Sydney . . . — Map (db m14090) HM
44Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1551 — First Inauguration
Isaac Shelby was inaugurated as lst governor of Kentucky, June 4, 1792, at building on West Main Street; built as a market house, 1791-92. After Kentucky's admission to Union, the structure was also used as a State House during the legislative . . . — Map (db m68215) HM
45Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2277 — First Presbyterian Church
(obverse) Founded 1784. Oldest congregation in continuous existence in city. Founders were hunting party members who selected city’s site and named it Lexington in honor of first battle of the American Revolution. First pastor Adam Rankin’s . . . — Map (db m59162) HM
46Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 6 — First Race Course
Near this spot pioneers in 1780 established the starting point of the first race path in Kentucky, extending southward one quarter mile. — Map (db m35841) HM
47Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 9 — Fort Clay
Extensive earthworks with ditch, drawbridges and magazine were constructed here by Federal forces after the Battle of "Ashland" May, 1862. — Map (db m130222) HM
48Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 5 — From Enslaved to Community Activist / The Original Power Couple — 1871 — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
From Enslaved to Community Activist Education Gave the Jacksons a Step Up Jordan C. Jackson, Jr. was born enslaved in Lexington. Denied an education, he taught himself to read and write, eventually becoming a successful businessman . . . — Map (db m137309) HM
49Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 10 — From Enslaved to the Presidency / From Slavery to Liberation — 1871 — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
From Enslaved to the Presidency Finding Freedom in Africa This site was originally part of the Glendower Estate, where Alfred Francis Russell was born enslaved in 1817. From these humble beginnings, he rose to become president . . . — Map (db m137310) HM
50Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — George D. Widener — 1889 - 1971
George D. Widened was a prototype sportsman from a distinguished Philadelphia family. Several years after his father was lost on the Titanic, Widener purchased Erdenheim, the Pennsylvania property which had been birthplace of Iroquois, first . . . — Map (db m58288) HM
51Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — George M. Humphrey — 1890 - 1970
Among modern political figures involved in Thoroughbred racing have been national Treasury Secretaries George M. Humphrey, william Simon, and Nicholas Brady. Humphrey joined President Eisenhower's Cabinet in 1953, after a vigorous business career . . . — Map (db m58287) HM
52Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — George Washington — 1732 - 1799
The first President of the United States was an avid horseman and outdoorsman, as befit his era, and he at times was a participant in horse racing. The cherished tale of his Magnolia running against a horse owned by Thomas Jefferson was refuted by . . . — Map (db m58334) HM
53Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2012 — Gillis Building 1889
Erected in 1889 as U.K.'s first Agricultural Experiment Station; now second oldest building on the campus. Destroyed by fire in 1891, it was rebuilt on the same site. Named for Ezra Gillis (1867-1958) who joined the U.K. faculty in 1907 and served . . . — Map (db m136985) HM
54Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Hal Price Headley — 1888 - 1962
Hal Price Headley embodied the image of the Bluegrass horseman. He was sophisticated in business, but always a man of agriculture, raising tobacco as well as Thoroughbreds. His lasting legacy to Lexington was his instrumental role in formation of . . . — Map (db m58352) HM
55Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Harry Payne Whitney — 1872 - 1930
The stamp affixed on Thoroughbred racing by William Collins Whitney and his son Harry Payne Whitney remains indelible. It was W. C. Whitney who poured funding into revitalization of Saratoga, the charming old Victorian race track still operating in . . . — Map (db m58325) HM
56Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Henry Clay — 1777 - 1852
Visitors familiar with Lexington's Ashland, the home of Henry Clay, know it as a graceful old house, with lovely gardens and grounds. In an earlier time, when Henry Clay built it to some 2,000 acres, Ashland was also the home of Thoroughbreds. Henry . . . — Map (db m58346) HM
57Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Henry Clay — Pioneer Purebred Livestock Breeder
Brought to "Ashland" and its pastures Hereford Cattle from England, in 1817, and added them to his herd of shorthorns. Here he pioneered thoroughbred horse breeding in the Blue Grass. To this farm he brought jack stock from Spain. Here he bred . . . — Map (db m60864) HM
58Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Henry Clay
Henry Clay, born in Virginia in 1777, came to Lexington at the age of twenty and quickly established a successful law practice. In 1799 he married Lucretia Hart, daughter of one of this city’s most prominent families. He served six years in . . . — Map (db m119135) HM
59Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 139 — Henry Clay's Law Office
Erected 1803-04, this is the only office standing used by Clay; he occupied it from 1804 until ca. 1810. During these significant years in his career, Clay was elected to successive terms in legislature and to unexpired terms in the United States . . . — Map (db m59165) HM
60Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1806 — Historic Land
The land upon which Pleasant Green Baptist Church stands was conveyed in 1822 by Dr. Frederick Ridgely, a white surgeon in Lexington, to trustees Harry Quills, Benjamin Admon, and Solomon Walker, all slaves, for purpose of erecting an African . . . — Map (db m68132) HM
61Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2539 — Historic LGBTQ Site
Oldest continuous LGBTQ gathering place in Kentucky, and among the oldest in the U.S. LGBTQ patrons discreetly congregated here as early as 1939. In 1963 The Gilded Cage bar opened, run by gay men John Hill and Estel Wilson. Patrons enjoyed same sex . . . — Map (db m136943) HM
62Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — HRM Queen Elizabeth II — 1926 -
The English Royal family has been instrumental in Thoroughbred racing through many successions, and no monarch has been more knowledgeable about the sport that Queen Elizabeth II. There was a Royal Stud farm in the time of Henry VIII, and with . . . — Map (db m58316) HM
63Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2365 — Hunt-Morgan House
(Obverse): 1814 Federal-style home, named Hopemont, retains original architectural features, including a cantilevered staircase & fanlight window. Saved from demolition by the Blue Grass Trust in 1955. Built by John Wesley Hunt . . . — Map (db m59107) HM
64Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Isaac Burns Murphy
One of the greatest jockeys in the history of American racing, Isaac Burns Murphy was born on a farm in the Bluegrass not far from Lexington in 1861. His parents were enslaved. His mother, America Murphy, was a domestic servant on the farm. His . . . — Map (db m119100) HM
65Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Isaac Murphy Memorial Art Garden
The Isaac Murphy Memorial Art Garden is named for the famed jockey whose house stood on this site. It was developed to commemorate the contributions of African Americans to Thoroughbred racing and to help revitalize this East End neighborhood. . . . — Map (db m119101) HM
66Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Isaac Murphy Memorial Art Garden Trailhead
(front side) ”All the Best Jockeys…” In the last decades of the 19th century, horse racing was America's great national sport and black jockeys, many from the Bluegrass region, stood at its center. It was the Gilded Age, . . . — Map (db m119102) HM
67Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Isabel Dodge Sloane — 1897 - 1962
Thoroughbred racing for many years has been graced by the participation of distinguished ladies. The first lady to top the list of money-winning owners in a given year was Mrs. Isabel Dodge Sloane, whose Brookmeade Stable earned $251,138 in 1934. . . . — Map (db m58281) HM
68Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — James Ben Ali Haggin — 1821 - 1914
A Kentucky-born grandson of a Turkish Army officer, James Ben Ali Haggin was lured west by the Gold Rush. He and his partners eventually owned South Dakora's Homestake Mine---the richest gold vein in North America. Haggin's group also mined other . . . — Map (db m58348) HM
69Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1875 — James Lane Allen — (1849-1925)
This Transylvania honor graduate, who later taught there, won an international audience with his nostalgic stories and novels of Bluegrass region. Allen was born near Lexington. By 1893, after his work became popular, he moved to New York City. He . . . — Map (db m59083) HM
70Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — James R. Keene — 1838 - 1913
Castleton Farm, a stately, stone-walled property on Lexington's Iron Works Pike, was purchased by Sen. John Brechinridge in 1790. A century later, it was bought by James R. Keene, a mercurial figure in American business and sport. Born in . . . — Map (db m57784) HM
71Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 4 — Jefferson Davis
For three years (1821-1824) while a student at Transylvania University Jefferson Davis (afterwards President of Southern Confederacy) lived here with Joseph Ficklin then Postmaster of Lexington. — Map (db m35839) HM
72Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — John Cabell Breckinridge
Citizen Lawyer Born January 16, 1821, Lexington, Kentucky Graduate of Centre College, Danville, Kentucky, 1838 Received Law Degree from Transylvania University, 1841 President Kentucky Association, now Keeneland Association In exile . . . — Map (db m119119) HM
73Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — John D. Hertz — 1879-1961
Yellow was the color and name of his taxicab company, and yellow and black were his stable colors. Mr. and Mrs. John D. Hertz' most famous Thoroughbred was Count Fleet, which won the triple Crown (Kentucky Derby, Preakness, Belmont Stakes) in 1943. . . . — Map (db m58284) HM
74Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — John E. Madden — 1856 - 1929
John E. Madden named Hamburg Place, outside Lexington, for Hamburg, one of his many champion race horses. He proceeded to breed five Kentucky derby winners on the farm: Old Rosebud, Sir Barton, Paul Jones, Zev and Flying Ebony. Sir Barton also won . . . — Map (db m58349) HM
75Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — John Hay Whitney — 1904 - 1982
British Prime Minister Harold McMillan proclaimed John Hay (Jock) Whitney "the best Ambassador the United States ever had here." Whitney was named to the post in 1954 by President Eisenhower, a golfing and hunting crony. Whitney was named for his . . . — Map (db m58350) HM
76Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1809 — John Hunt Morgan (1825-1864)
(Front): Known as the "Thunderbolt of the Confederacy," Morgan was born in Huntsville, Alabama; in 1831 moved to Lexington. After attending Transylvania, he fought in the Mexican war. In Lexington, he prospered as owner of hemp factory and . . . — Map (db m14014) HM
77Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — John S. Knight — 1894 - 1981
Adjacent to this park is the building of the Lexington Herald-Leader, one of the large Knight-Ridder chain of newspapers. Both Messrs. Knight and Ridder were longtime owners and breeders of racehorses. John S. Knight started with the Akron Beacon . . . — Map (db m58333) HM
78Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — John W. Galbreath — 1897 - 1988
The far-reaching enterprises of John W. Galbreath were sometimes reflected in the names of his horses. Epsom Derby winner Roberto was named for the great baseball player Roberto Clemente, whose team, the Pittsburgh Pirates, was then owned by . . . — Map (db m58327) HM
79Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2 — Keeneland
Here on May 14, 1825, General LaFayette was entertained by Major John Keene who had served as his aide-de-camp during the Revolutionary War. — Map (db m30837) HM
80Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Leslie Combs II — 1901 - 1990
Leslie Combs II put a modern slant on the management and marketing of horses. He specialized in the form of syndication whereby some thirty-six shares would be sold in an individual stallion. Beau Pere, purchased for $100,000 in 1947, was his first . . . — Map (db m58297) HM
81Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2219 — Lewis And Clark In Kentucky — William Clark In Lexington / Meriwether Lewis In Lexington
(obverse) William Clark in Lexington Clark, coleader of the 1803-1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, and his family spent October 30, 1809, at Lexington's Traveler's Hall, operated by Cuthbert Banks. Clark also visited expedition . . . — Map (db m58535) HM
82Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2193 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky / George Shannon
Lewis and Clark in Kentucky George Shannon George Shannon, youngest member of the 1803-06 Lewis & Clark Expedition, studied at Transylvania Univ. and practiced law in Lexington. His office was in Jordan’s Row on Upper Street. He married . . . — Map (db m136937) HM
83Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 0136 — Lexington
Named in honor of first Battle of the American Revolution. William McConnell was among the party of hunters who came to site from Harrodsburg in 1775. Built cabin to obtain land title but driven off by Indians. Lexington later settled by Robert . . . — Map (db m58498) HM
84Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Lexington
The stallion Lexington was the key figure in development of the American Thoroughbred during the second half of the 19th Century. He was statistically the leading stallion in America for 14 consecutive years, 1861 - 1875, and again in two later . . . — Map (db m70405) HM
85Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2285 — Lexington — 1850-1875
Obverse Famous thoroughbred stallion bred by Elisha Warfield, "father of Ky. Turf." One of the first major stallions in the area, helped center US breeding industry in Ky. Stood at Robert Alexander's Woodburn Farm. Farm fell victim to Morgan's . . . — Map (db m70406) HM
86Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1550 — Lexington Cemetery
Incorporated in 1849, Lexington Cemetery was laid out as a natural landscape park. Both Confederate and Union soldiers are buried in this cemetery. Towering over Henry Clay's grave is a 120-foot monument surmounted by his statue. Other noted men, . . . — Map (db m61033) HM
87Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1553 — Lexington Courthouses / Cheapside
Lexington Courthouses East of Cheapside is the public square, where courthouses of Lexington ahve stood since 1788. The present edifice is fifth fourthouse, the fourth on this site. It was built during 1898-1900, after fire destroyed fourth . . . — Map (db m14018) HM
88Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2313 — Lexington Historic Distillery District
Side A Started in 1869 by the Headley and Farra Company. Continued by James E. Pepper & Company in 1879. In the late 1800s, the James E. Pepper Distillery sold whiskey to over 90 brokerage houses across the U.S. It sold under a number of . . . — Map (db m35843) HM
89Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 554 — Lexington Named / Lexington Settled
Lexington Named In early June of 1775, a party of frontiersmen, led by William McConnell, camped near here on a branch of Elkhorn Creek. Upon hearing of the colonists' victory at Lexington, Mass., on April 19, 1775, they named their campsite . . . — Map (db m136939) HM
90Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2199 — Lexington Public Library 1905 - 1989 / A Carnegie Library
Lexington Public Library First library west of the Alleghenies was est. in Lex. in 1795 as a subscription library. The Women's Club of Central Ky. worked for a free public library, and, in 1902, Andrew Carnegie gave $60,000 to build Lex. . . . — Map (db m35601) HM
91Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2440 — Lexington's First Airport
Halley Field, Lexington's first municipal airport, was located on Meadowthorpe Farm, owned at the time by Dr. Samuel Halley. In use since 1921, it officially opened May 28, 1927 and was dedicated June 11 of that same year. World-famous aviator Col. . . . — Map (db m136940) HM
92Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 7 — Lexington's Long History with Slavery / Driven by Money — 1820 — Downtown African-American Heritage Trail —
Lexington's Long History with Slavery A Slave Jail Stood Here This site was once one of the city's largest slave jails—Megowan's. For more than 20 years, Thomas Megowan held enslaved individuals in his jail until he had enough . . . — Map (db m137305) HM
93Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — Lucille Parker Markey — 1897 - 1982
From 1924 until her death, Maysville, Kentucky, native Mrs. Lucille Parker Markey was the lady of Calumet Farm. First as the young bride of Calumet heir Warren Wright Sr. and then as the wife of Hollywood writer Admiral Gene Markey, she lived the . . . — Map (db m58314) HM
94Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1876 — Madeline M. Breckinridge / Kentucky Suffrage Leader
Madeline M. Breckinridge This descendant of Henry Clay and Ephraim McDowell was born 1872 in Franklin Co.; grew up at "Ashland," Clay's home; and married Desha Breckinridge, editor of Lexington Herald. Ill with tuberculosis, she promoted its . . . — Map (db m35846) HM
95Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2138 — Main Building
Opened in 1882 and known as the Main or College Building, it contained classrooms, offices, and a chapel for student assemblies. Designed by architect H. P. McDonald and built of brick fashioned from campus clays and stone at a total cost of . . . — Map (db m134591) HM
96Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 19 — Main Street Christian Church
Built on this site in 1842. The 16-day Campbell-Rice Debate on Christian baptism, etc., was held here Nov. 1843, Hon. Henry Clay Presiding. — Map (db m66293) HM
97Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1215 — Man o' War — Fair Play - Mahubah, by Rock Sand
Greatest race horse and leading money winner of his day. Winner of twenty of twenty-one starts with lifetime earnings of $249,465. Foaled March 29, 1917, at August Belmont's Nursery Stud a few miles away. Sold at auction as yearling for $5,000 . . . — Map (db m4741) HM
98Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2315 — Margaret Isadora King / Margaret I. King Library
Margaret Isadora King 1879-1966 Salutatorian of the class of 1898, King became the first librarian of the University in 1912. She expanded the collection from a single room to over 400,000 volumes by 1948. She also served as an . . . — Map (db m137001) HM
99Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 12 — Mary Todd Lincoln
On this site Mary Todd, wife of Abraham Lincoln, was born Dec. 13, 1818, and here spent her childhood. — Map (db m35987) HM
100Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2261 — Mary Todd Lincoln House
Built in 1806 as an inn. Became home of politician & businessman Robert S. Todd in 1832. Mary Todd, his daughter, born in Lexington on Dec. 13, 1818, moved to IL in 1839. There, she met & married Abraham Lincoln. They visited here in fall of 1847. . . . — Map (db m61002) HM

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Oct. 22, 2020