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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lorton
Lorton, Virginia and Vicinity
▶ Fairfax County (474) ▶ Alexandria (297) ▶ Arlington County (369) ▶ Fairfax (39) ▶ Falls Church (50) ▶ Loudoun County (252) ▶ Prince William County (502) ▶ Washington, D.C. (1956) ▶ Charles County, Maryland (142) ▶ Montgomery County, Maryland (534) ▶ Prince George's County, Maryland (524)
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|The enslaved community at Gunston Hall lived in at least six different locations. George and Ann Mason's son John remembered that the east yard included “servant houses (in them days called Negroe quarters)…masqued by rows of large Cherry and . . . — — Map (db m134837) HM|
|Gunston Hall in the Masons' time included many structures, roads, gardens, and far-off landscapes built or tended by the Masons' enslaved workers. Today, the mansion house remains the largest surviving physical site of their labor. What John Mason . . . — — Map (db m133889) HM|
|Rivers have long served as transportation routes for all manner of boats and vessels, for Native Americans and European settlers, to recreational and commercial traffic today. The Occoquan and other rivers flowing eastward from the Virginia piedmont . . . — — Map (db m145082) HM|
|An ecotone is a transition between two adjacent ecosystems. Areas where these different habitats meet and overlay support plant and animal species from both constraints. Because of this, they’re often the busiest and best places for observing an . . . — — Map (db m98164)|
John Smith and other English settlers marveled at the abundance of birds in this area. Visitors today can still discover an amazing variety of birds here.
Known for its bald eagles, the Mason Neck Peninsula also hosts many . . . — — Map (db m98162) HM|
|Colchester, founded in 1753 at the location of a ferry crossing, was the second town established in Fairfax County. Located on the main post road from Boston to Charleston, and at the end of the Ox Road leading west to the Blue Ridge, the town . . . — — Map (db m206) HM|
The Battle of the White House Gun Battery, September 1-5, 1814, was the first military action in the region after the British attack on Washington. Named for a nearby white house, the battery was located at today’s Fort Belvoir. . . . — — Map (db m98160) HM|
|In this vicinity, on Thursday, 6 April 1905, Deputy Sheriff George A. Malcolm was shot while attempting to arrest a man who had been harassing students at the Lorton Valley School. He died the following day at the Emergency Hospital in Washington, . . . — — Map (db m100654) HM|
|In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt, appointed a special three-member Penal Commission to investigate the overcrowded and unsanitary conditions at the District of Columbia jail and workhouse. The Progressive-era reform movement advocated training . . . — — Map (db m145081) HM|
|Evolution of a Landscape – Plantation, Prison, Park
It may be difficult to imagine all of the events, large and small, that took place on the surrounding landscape, but Laurel Hill Park has been influenced by thousands of years of . . . — — Map (db m22385) HM|
|Gunston Hall, four miles to the east, is one of the most noted colonial places in Virginia. The land was patented in 1651 by Richard Turney, who was hanged for taking part in Bacon's Rebellion in 1676. In 1696 the second George Mason acquired it. . . . — — Map (db m205) HM|
|To the east, on Dogue Neck, "Certain Unknown Indians" attacked the house of Thomas Barton about 3:00 P.M. on Sunday, 16 June 1700, killing eight persons with "arrowes & Wooden Tommahawkes." The neighboring Piscataway Indians denied making the attack . . . — — Map (db m203) HM|
|In deepest appreciation of the determined and unrelenting Irma Clifton, an extraordinary friend of the Workhouse Arts Center and guardian of the powerful 91-year history of the Lorton Correctional Complex. A history that first changed a nation and . . . — — Map (db m145078) HM|
Lorton Little Leaguer
Joseph W. Jordan
* 1999 All Star * — — Map (db m8917) HM|
The circuit rider, with
his Lord, his Bible, and his horse,
brought Methodism to this area in 1830.
The first Methodist Church,
stood on this site from 1857-1953.
— — Map (db m131556) HM|
|This church is a combination of several structures built on the site of the first Pohick Church (1730–1774), making this one of the earliest sites of a religious institution in Fairfax County. Lewis Chapel, named after a Methodist circuit . . . — — Map (db m204) HM|
|Located north of here was one of three Nike anti-aircraft missile complexes in Fairfax County operated by the U.S. Army and the Army National Guard between 1954 and 1974. The sites were established during the Cold War to defend Washington from . . . — — Map (db m131374) HM|
|The settlement of Lorton was named by Joseph Plaskett, who immigrated to Virginia from his home north of England in the scenic Lorton Valley. Plaskett became the first Lorton postmaster in 1875 and generations of Plasketts followed in his footsteps . . . — — Map (db m1818) HM|
|The original 522-acre plantation was granted to Dennis McCarty in 1727 and passed through the hands of only three additional families: the Chichesters, Landstreets and Kernans. Mount Air represents in microcosm a history of Fairfax county--the rise . . . — — Map (db m13749) HM|
|Keeping it in the Family The McCarty’s who built Mount Air, were an important Virginia family. Dennis McCarty patented the land where you stand in 1727. Dennis McCarty served as Sheriff, Justice of the Peace, a vestryman from Truro Parish and . . . — — Map (db m15396) HM|
| An engineer who believed science must serve people; a citizen who believed one person could make a difference, and did.
The Potomac River in the 1960's was one of the most polluted waterways in the country. The major source of Potomac . . . — — Map (db m8908) HM|
|In the nearby Occoquan Workhouse, from June to December, 1917, scores of women suffragists were imprisoned by the District of Columbia for picketing the White House demanding their right to vote. Their courage and dedication during harsh treatment . . . — — Map (db m1032) HM|
|This marker honors the suffragists imprisoned at the Occoquan Workhouse in 1917 and 1918, for picketing the White House to gain support for an amendment to the Constitution to give women the right to vote. The women were members of the National . . . — — Map (db m30267) HM|
|One of the first telegraph lines in the world, a part of the Washington–New Orleans Telegraph Company, was built from Washington to Petersburg in 1847. From this the road took its name. — — Map (db m199) HM|
|George Mason designed a formal, symmetrical garden south of the house. A tall wooden fence separated the garden from the surrounding buildings, roads, fields, and forest. Visitors entered the garden from the mansion or through a gate off of the . . . — — Map (db m134511) HM|
|This building was begun in 1769 and completed by 1774, succeeding an earlier church two miles to the south. It was the Lower Church of Truro Parish, established in 1732, the parish of Mount Vernon and Gunston Hall. George William Fairfax, George . . . — — Map (db m13750) HM|
|During the Civil War, the prominent hilltop location of Pohick Church made it a target for occupation and vandalism, but it also served as an aeronautical center. On November 12, 1861, Union Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman’s 2nd Michigan Volunteers . . . — — Map (db m65051) HM|
|The first 29 prisoners were housed in tents by the Occoquan River when they arrived from D.C. The first buildings were made of wood cut on the site and built by the prisoners. These gradually replaced during the 1920s by the buildings seen here . . . — — Map (db m145080) HM|
|According to tradition, African Americans from the Mason Neck area and others who had recently moved to Virginia from Maryland formed a religious congregation in 1869. They built a log church on the north side of Gunston Road in 1878 where their . . . — — Map (db m133759) HM|
has been placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior
— — Map (db m140919) HM|
|This stone's original inscription was Heare lyes bodey of Livt Willeame Herris who died May 16 : 1698 : aged : 065 years : By birth a Britaire : a good soldier a good husbnd & kinde : neighbour. Mr. Herris (Harris) was the father of Anne . . . — — Map (db m201) HM|
|George Washington, like his father before him, served on the vestry of Truro Parish, which the Virginia General Assembly established in 1732. Colonial vestries managed parish affairs and provided crucial services to the community, including care for . . . — — Map (db m127886) HM|
|This magnificent area, a nesting place of the American Bald Eagle and home to a variety of other birds and wildlife, was threatened in 1965 with intense development. To preserve this unspoiled, historic and scenic area along the Potomac, citizens . . . — — Map (db m81251) HM|
|The remains from 29 graves were brought here from the Wagener family cemetery at Stisted, their plantation on the Occoquan River near Colchester. The Second Peter Wagener (1717–1774), Clerk of the Fairfax County Court (1752–1772), served . . . — — Map (db m202) HM|
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the . . . — — Map (db m81262) HM|
|George Mason and his first wife, Ann Eilbeck Mason, began this burial ground in 1772. At that time, wealthy Virginians preferred to be buried at home instead of the local parish church. Multiple generations of women, men, and children—both . . . — — Map (db m133740) HM|
|Dr. William Brown, Revolutionary War physician, was born in Scotland and raised in Maryland. After studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh, he established a practice in Alexandria. In 1775 he became surgeon of the 2nd Virginia Regiment. In . . . — — Map (db m127853) HM|