“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Lorton, Virginia

Clickable Map of Fairfax County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fairfax County, VA (709) Alexandria Ind. City, VA (355) Arlington County, VA (455) Fairfax Ind. City, VA (48) Falls Church Ind. City, VA (137) Loudoun County, VA (335) Prince William County, VA (653) Washington, DC (2450) Charles County, MD (150) Montgomery County, MD (714) Prince George s County, MD (624)  FairfaxCounty(709) Fairfax County (709)  (355) Alexandria (355)  ArlingtonCounty(455) Arlington County (455)  (48) Fairfax (48)  (137) Falls Church (137)  LoudounCounty(335) Loudoun County (335)  PrinceWilliamCounty(653) Prince William County (653)   D.C.(2450) Washington (2450)  CharlesCountyMaryland(150) Charles County (150)  MontgomeryCounty(714) Montgomery County (714)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(624) Prince George's County (624)
Fairfax is the county seat for Fairfax County
Lorton is in Fairfax County
      Fairfax County (709)  
      Alexandria (355)  
      Arlington County (455)  
      Fairfax (48)  
      Falls Church (137)  
      Loudoun County (335)  
      Prince William County (653)  
      Washington, D.C. (2450)  
      Charles County, Maryland (150)  
      Montgomery County, Maryland (714)  
      Prince George's County, Maryland (624)  
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1Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 19 — "Forward Into Light," Toward Equality, 1920 - Present / The 19th Amendment
"Forward Into Light," Toward Equality, 1920 - Present
"…woman is man's equal…" From the Resolutions adopted at the Seneca Falls convention, July 1848
Suffragists' Stunning Victory . . . Map (db m197367) HM
2Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 1/2 — "Forward Out of Darkness" / Issuing a Call for Women's Rights
"Forward Out of Darkness," Women on the Margins of a New Nation, 1776 and Prior
“Remember the Ladies… If particular [sic] care and attention is not paid to the Ladies we are determined to foment a Rebellion, . . . Map (db m196692)
3Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — "Spirit of America"Mike Curtis, Sculptor - Sagle, Idaho
Mason Neck State Park was established in 1985 to preserve the habitat of the Bald Eagle.Map (db m197458) HM
4Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — “Resources within Themselves”
The enslaved community at Gunston Hall lived in at least six different locations. George and Ann Mason's son John remembered that the east yard included “servant houses (in them days called Negroe quarters)…masqued by rows of large Cherry and . . . Map (db m134837) HM
5Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 9/10 — 1916 / Nonviolent Protests at the White House Gates
1916: A Watershed Year for Woman Suffrage
"Vote Against Wilson: He Kept Us Out of Suffrage." National Woman's Party sign used during the 1916 presidential campaign
The National Woman's . . . Map (db m197347) HM
6Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — A “Considerable Force”
Gunston Hall in the Masons' time included many structures, roads, gardens, and far-off landscapes built or tended by the Masons' enslaved workers. Today, the mansion house remains the largest surviving physical site of their labor. What John Mason . . . Map (db m133889) HM
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7Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — A Corridor and a Barrier
Rivers have long served as transportation routes for all manner of boats and vessels, for Native Americans and European settlers, to recreational and commercial traffic today. The Occoquan and other rivers flowing eastward from the Virginia piedmont . . . Map (db m145082) HM
8Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — At Home in an Ecotone
An ecotone is a transition between two adjacent ecosystems. Areas where these different habitats meet and overlay support plant and animal species from both constraints. Because of this, they’re often the busiest and best places for observing an . . . Map (db m98164) HM
9Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Birds Then and NowCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
(panel 1) John Smith and other English settlers marveled at the abundance of birds in this area. Visitors today can still discover an amazing variety of birds here. Known for its bald eagles, the Mason Neck Peninsula also hosts many . . . Map (db m98162) HM
10Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 3/4 — Building a Political Movement / Testing Constitutional Amendments
Building a Political Movement, 1865-1900
"Cautious, careful people, casting about to preserve their reputation and social standing, never can bring about reform." Susan B. Anthony, 1860
. . . Map (db m197314) HM
11Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Col. John Augustine Washington
In honor of Revolutionary Soldier Col. John Augustine Washington 1736 - 1787 Map (db m168135) WM
12Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-107 — Colchester
Colchester, founded in 1753 at the location of a ferry crossing, was the second town established in Fairfax County. Located on the main post road from Boston to Charleston, and at the end of the Ox Road leading west to the Blue Ridge, the town . . . Map (db m206) HM
13Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Delaying TacticsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
(Panel 1) The Battle of the White House Gun Battery, September 1-5, 1814, was the first military action in the region after the British attack on Washington. Named for a nearby white house, the battery was located at today’s Fort Belvoir. . . . Map (db m98160) HM
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14Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Deputy Sheriff George A. Malcolm
In this vicinity, on Thursday, 6 April 1905, Deputy Sheriff George A. Malcolm was shot while attempting to arrest a man who had been harassing students at the Lorton Valley School. He died the following day at the Emergency Hospital in Washington, . . . Map (db m100654) HM
15Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Development of a Progressive-Era Model Penal SystemWorkhouse Prison Museum at Lorton
In 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt, appointed a special three-member Penal Commission to investigate the overcrowded and unsanitary conditions at the District of Columbia jail and workhouse. The Progressive-era reform movement advocated training . . . Map (db m145081) HM
16Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge / Explore a Trail Network
Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge …A serene place, where young blue herons learn to fish in the marshes, and wood thrushes trill their flute-like song through the stillness of hardwood forests. A place . . . Map (db m197456) HM
17Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Evolution of a Landscape – Plantation, Prison, ParkPreserved Spaces – Protecting and Influencing Communities
Evolution of a Landscape – Plantation, Prison, Park It may be difficult to imagine all of the events, large and small, that took place on the surrounding landscape, but Laurel Hill Park has been influenced by thousands of years of . . . Map (db m22385) HM
18Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-65 — Gunston Hall
Gunston Hall, four miles to the east, is one of the most noted colonial places in Virginia. The land was patented in 1651 by Richard Turney, who was hanged for taking part in Bacon's Rebellion in 1676. In 1696 the second George Mason acquired it. . . . Map (db m205) HM
19Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Gunston Hall / Pohick Bay Regional Park and Golf Course
Gunston Hall The house and grounds convey the measured pace of an 18th century colonial plantation and the underlying grace of Southern hospitality. This is a setting of a simple dignity, of quiet orderliness from which "a . . . Map (db m197451) HM
20Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 17/18 — Hard-Fought Ratification Campaigns in the States / The Continued Struggle for Voting Rights
Hard-Fought Ratification Campaigns in the States, 1919-1920
"The Woman Suffrage Amendment granted the largest single extension of suffrage ever made by a government not in the throes of a revolution." . . . Map (db m197364) HM
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21Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — In the Footsteps of HistorySpecial Places on the Mason Neck
Some of the features shown here that were prominent on Mason Neck in Fairfax County during the marches of the Armies of the American War of Independence, exist today through generations of historic preservation efforts. The rich natural . . . Map (db m198378) HM
22Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-80 — Indian Attack
To the east, on Dogue Neck, "Certain Unknown Indians" attacked the house of Thomas Barton about 3:00 P.M. on Sunday, 16 June 1700, killing eight persons with "arrowes & Wooden Tommahawkes." The neighboring Piscataway Indians denied making the attack . . . Map (db m203) HM
23Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Irma Clifton
In deepest appreciation of the determined and unrelenting Irma Clifton, an extraordinary friend of the Workhouse Arts Center and guardian of the powerful 91-year history of the Lorton Correctional Complex. A history that first changed a nation and . . . Map (db m145078) HM
24Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Joseph W. Jordan
Dedicated to the Memory Of Lorton Little Leaguer Joseph W. Jordan * 1999 All Star *Map (db m8917) HM
25Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Lewis Chapel
The circuit rider, with his Lord, his Bible, and his horse, brought Methodism to this area in 1830. Lewis Chapel The first Methodist Church, stood on this site from 1857-1953. Map (db m131556) HM
26Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-71 — Lewis Chapel / Cranford Memorial Methodist Church
This church is a combination of several structures built on the site of the first Pohick Church (1730–1774), making this one of the earliest sites of a religious institution in Fairfax County. Lewis Chapel, named after a Methodist circuit . . . Map (db m204) HM
27Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-97 — Lorton Nike Missile Site
Located north of here was one of three Nike anti-aircraft missile complexes in Fairfax County operated by the U.S. Army and the Army National Guard between 1954 and 1974. The sites were established during the Cold War to defend Washington from . . . Map (db m131374) HM
28Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Lorton Station
The settlement of Lorton was named by Joseph Plaskett, who immigrated to Virginia from his home north of England in the scenic Lorton Valley. Plaskett became the first Lorton postmaster in 1875 and generations of Plasketts followed in his footsteps . . . Map (db m1818) HM
29Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Mount Air
The original 522-acre plantation was granted to Dennis McCarty in 1727 and passed through the hands of only three additional families: the Chichesters, Landstreets and Kernans. Mount Air represents in microcosm a history of Fairfax county--the rise . . . Map (db m13749) HM
30Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Mount Air Historic SiteMount Air: The Story of a Home
Keeping it in the Family The McCarty’s who built Mount Air, were an important Virginia family. Dennis McCarty patented the land where you stand in 1727. Dennis McCarty served as Sheriff, Justice of the Peace, a vestryman from Truro Parish and . . . Map (db m15396) HM
31Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 7/8 — New Life in State by State Campaigns / The 1913 Suffrage Parade Captured National Attention
New Life in State by State Campaigns, 1900-1920
"Set the woman on her own feet…Women must stand free with men." Charlotte Perkins Gilman, influential author and economist who worked with Harriot Stanton . . . Map (db m197339) HM
32Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Newington
Newington was the name given to the second Truro Parish Glebe House completed in 1760 after it became the private residence of Richard and Sarah McCarty Chichester after 1767. The William Nevitt family acquired the house and 1000 acre tract in 1828 . . . Map (db m614) HM
33Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Noman Monroe Cole, Jr.1933 - 1997
An engineer who believed science must serve people; a citizen who believed one person could make a difference, and did. The Potomac River in the 1960's was one of the most polluted waterways in the country. The major source of Potomac . . . Map (db m8908) HM
34Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Occoquan Workhouse
This marker honors the suffragists imprisoned at the Occoquan Workhouse in 1917 and 1918, for picketing the White House to gain support for an amendment to the Constitution to give women the right to vote. The women were members of the National . . . Map (db m30267) HM
35Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-61 — Occoquan Workhouse
In the nearby Occoquan Workhouse, from June to December, 1917, scores of women suffragists were imprisoned by the District of Columbia for picketing the White House demanding their right to vote. Their courage and dedication during harsh treatment . . . Map (db m167974) HM
36Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-62 — Old Telegraph Line
One of the first telegraph lines in the world, a part of the Washington–New Orleans Telegraph Company, was built from Washington to Petersburg in 1847. From this the road took its name.Map (db m199) HM
37Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Organizing Nature
George Mason designed a formal, symmetrical garden south of the house. A tall wooden fence separated the garden from the surrounding buildings, roads, fields, and forest. Visitors entered the garden from the mansion or through a gate off of the . . . Map (db m134511) HM
38Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Out of RetirementGeorge Mason's Gunston Hall
In the summer of 1787, representatives assembled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from twelve of the thirteen states to improve the Articles of Confederating. This meeting ultimately became known as the Constitutional Convention. Virginians asked . . . Map (db m197462) HM
39Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Peter Wagener, III
Revolutionary Soldier Peter Wagener, III 1744 - 1798 Placed by Fairfax County Chapter DAR 1974 Original grave site in Colchester, Virginia marked by Fairfax County Chapter December 1955Map (db m168136) HM WM
40Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Pohick ChurchCivil War Balloon Outpost
During the Civil War, the prominent hilltop location of Pohick Church made it a target for occupation and vandalism, but it also served as an aeronautical center. On November 12, 1861, Union Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman’s 2nd Michigan Volunteers . . . Map (db m65051) HM
41Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-72 — Pohick Church
This building was begun in 1769 and completed by 1774, succeeding an earlier church two miles to the south. It was the Lower Church of Truro Parish, established in 1732, the parish of Mount Vernon and Gunston Hall. George William Fairfax, George . . . Map (db m13750) HM
42Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Prisoners at the WorkhouseWorkhouse Prison Museum at Lorton
The first 29 prisoners were housed in tents by the Occoquan River when they arrived from D.C. The first buildings were made of wood cut on the site and built by the prisoners. These gradually replaced during the 1920s by the buildings seen here . . . Map (db m145080) HM
43Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Revolutionary Army Life on the RoadIn The War for American Independence
It was no picnic A bivouac for the allied armies was not simply a bed to rest for the night, but a place with a daily set of demanding chores. Hundreds of oxen and horses needed to be unhitched, fed, watered, and secured for the night, . . . Map (db m198377) HM
44Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Revolutionary War Patriots and War of 1812 Veterans
This marker honors the service of the Revolutionary War Patriots and War of 1812 Veterans buried or memorialized on the grounds of historic Pohick Church Revolutionary War Patriots Patriot Charles Alexander, Sr • Patriot Susanna Pearson . . . Map (db m168133) HM WM
45Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Shiloh Baptist Church
According to tradition, African Americans from the Mason Neck area and others who had recently moved to Virginia from Maryland formed a religious congregation in 1869. They built a log church on the north side of Gunston Road in 1878 where their . . . Map (db m133759) HM
46Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Silent for SuffrageTurning Point Suffragist Memorial — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The fence you see in front of you once surrounded the White House grounds. Can you imagine standing silently beside these fenceposts, drenched in the rain, holding a heavy banner in your hand while looking directly at President Woodrow Wilson? . . . Map (db m197368) HM
47Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Silverbrook United Methodist Church
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m140919) HM
48Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 5/6 — Suffrage Campaigns State By State / New Leaders, New Approaches
Suffrage Campaigns State By State, 1867-1898
"It was an experience that tested endurance and loyalty almost to the breaking point." Adelia Stephens, suffrage organizer in Oklahoma, referring to suffrage . . . Map (db m197336) HM
49Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Suffragist Commemorative Wall
"when the forcible feeding was ordered I was taken from my bed, carried to another room, and forced into a chair, bound with sheets and sat upon bodily by a fat murderess, whose duty it was to keep me still Then the prison doctor, . . . Map (db m197305) HM
50Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Suffragist Commemorative Wall
The New York Times, 1917 Suffragists Will Picket White House Plan to Post "Silent Sentinels" Bearing Emblems, Whom President Must Pass Washington, Jan. 9 - Women suffragists, representing all parts of . . . Map (db m197310) HM
51Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — The Beehive Brick Kiln
From the turn of the century until the late 1960’s nine kilns on this site were operated by inmates of the Lorton correctional facility. The bricks stacked inside this kiln are ready to be baked. For 4 to 5 days coal fires in each of the . . . Map (db m2346) HM
52Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — The Herris Stone
This stone's original inscription was Heare lyes bodey of Livt Willeame Herris who died May 16 : 1698 : aged : 065 years : By birth a Britaire : a good soldier a good husbnd & kinde : neighbour. Mr. Herris (Harris) was the father of Anne . . . Map (db m201) HM
53Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 11/12 — The Suffrage Campaign in Wartime / Suffrage Pickets Chose Prison
The Suffrage Campaign in Wartime, 1917
"Kaiser Wilson, have you forgotten your sympathy with the poor Germany because they were not self-governed? 20,000,000 American women are not self-governed." From a . . . Map (db m197355) HM
54Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — The Trail to Victory at YorktownOn The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route
Late in the American War for Independence, allied generals George Washington and the Comte de Rochambeau received good news. A French fleet under Admiral de Grass carrying 3,000 French soldiers was headed for the Chesapeake Bay. Following the . . . Map (db m198372) HM
55Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-148 — The Washingtons at Pohick Church
George Washington, like his father before him, served on the vestry of Truro Parish, which the Virginia General Assembly established in 1732. Colonial vestries managed parish affairs and provided crucial services to the community, including care for . . . Map (db m127886) HM
56Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — The West Family of Alexandria
The West Family of Alexandria Originally buried at Cameron Hugh West 1705 - 1754 Alexandria Founder & Trustee • Truro Parish Vestryman Sybil Harrison West 1705 - 1787 Wife of Hugh • Distinguished Parishioner . . . Map (db m168137) HM
57Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — This "temple"…George Mason's Gunston Hall
This "temple" was one of many colonial-revival inspired improvements made by Gunston Hall's last private owner, Louise Hertle. Mr. Hertle and his second wife, Eleanor, cherished Gunston Hall's connection to the founding of our country. Their use . . . Map (db m197464) HM
58Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — This is Pohick Bay!
Choose your next adventure at Pohick Bay Regional Park in Lorton, Virginia. Bring the kids for a day of splashing and sliding at Pirate's Cove Waterpark. Spend a day on the bay with our canoe, paddleboard, stand up paddleboard and kayak rentals; . . . Map (db m197466) HM
59Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Turning Point Suffragist MemorialTurning Point Suffragist Memorial Association — [Donor plaques] —
[The donor plaques feature sections that contain some historical information. Only these sections have been transcribed:] Tonya Trishele Norwood: In 1913 22 Black Women, founders of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. marched in solidarity, . . . Map (db m197303) HM
60Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 15/16 — Victories in 1917 / Suffragists Demonstrated Until Congress Passed the 19th Amendment
Victories in 1917: New York Approved Suffrage and Prisoners Released
"Self-respecting and patriotic American women will no longer tolerate a government which denies women the right to govern themselves." . . . Map (db m197363) HM
61Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Vision, Initiative, and DedicationMason Neck State Park and Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge
This magnificent area, a nesting place of the American Bald Eagle and home to a variety of other birds and wildlife, was threatened in 1965 with intense development. To preserve this unspoiled, historic and scenic area along the Potomac, citizens . . . Map (db m81251) HM
62Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Wagener
The remains from 29 graves were brought here from the Wagener family cemetery at Stisted, their plantation on the Occoquan River near Colchester. The Second Peter Wagener (1717–1774), Clerk of the Fairfax County Court (1752–1772), served . . . Map (db m202) HM
63Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
(Panel 1) During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the . . . Map (db m81262) HM
64Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Welcome to Colchester on the OccoquanThe Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route
Colchester is the colonial tobacco port town on Mason's neck that witnessed the passage of the allied French and American armies on their way to and from Yorktown, Virginia in 1781 and 1782. The town provided a route to an Occoquan River ford for . . . Map (db m198373) HM
65Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Welcome to Mason Neck!
In the early 1600s explorer John Smith discovered a boot-shaped peninsula between the Potomac and Occoquan rivers. He called it Dogue Neck after the Dogue Indians living there. Later the name changed to Mason Neck, when it became home to the . . . Map (db m197423) HM
66Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — What Lies Beneath
George Mason and his first wife, Ann Eilbeck Mason, began this burial ground in 1772. At that time, wealthy Virginians preferred to be buried at home instead of the local parish church. Multiple generations of women, men, and children—both . . . Map (db m133740) HM
67Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — E-144 — William Brown, M.D.(ca. 1748-1792)
Dr. William Brown, Revolutionary War physician, was born in Scotland and raised in Maryland. After studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh, he established a practice in Alexandria. In 1775 he became surgeon of the 2nd Virginia Regiment. In . . . Map (db m127853) HM
68Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — Women Suffrage Prisoners at Occoquan WorkhouseOccoquan Regional Park Reported permanently removed
Adjacent to this park a group of women was imprisoned in 1917 for demanding the right to vote. The road to Occoquan Workhouse had started in 1848. In July 1848 at the Seneca Falls Convention in New York, officially opening the American women’s . . . Map (db m168931) HM
69Virginia, Fairfax County, Lorton — 13/14 — Worsening Conditions / Violent Repression
Worsening Conditions at the District of Columbia Jail and the Occoquan Workhouse
"The next lot of women who come here won't be treated with the same consideration that these women were." Raymond Whittaker, . . . Map (db m197359) HM
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Mar. 27, 2023