“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Luray, Virginia

Clickable Map of Page County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Page County, VA (105) Greene County, VA (8) Madison County, VA (50) Rappahannock County, VA (74) Rockingham County, VA (113) Shenandoah County, VA (217) Warren County, VA (45)  PageCounty(105) Page County (105)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  MadisonCounty(50) Madison County (50)  RappahannockCounty(74) Rappahannock County (74)  RockinghamCounty(113) Rockingham County (113)  ShenandoahCounty(217) Shenandoah County (217)  WarrenCounty(45) Warren County (45)
Luray is the county seat for Page County
Luray is in Page County
      Page County (105)  
      Greene County (8)  
      Madison County (50)  
      Rappahannock County (74)  
      Rockingham County (113)  
      Shenandoah County (217)  
      Warren County (45)  
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1 Virginia, Page County, Luray — A Home Away From Home?Shenandoah National Park
In late 1935, when Shenandoah National Park was officially established, 465 families remained on the land, most with no plans for relocation. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Resettlement Administration was tapped to help. The government . . . Map (db m96232) HM
2 Virginia, Page County, Luray — A Slave Auction Block
Legend and narrative testimonies describe this stone as A Slave Auction Block From the Page News & Courier, August 31, 1961: “This native sandstone block . . . which stood at the corner of Main and Court Streets at the Chamber of . . . Map (db m159133) HM
3 Virginia, Page County, Luray — C-38 — Andrew Jackson School
The Andrew Jackson School, named for a local Black entrepreneur, was built here in 1924-25 to serve African American students. The Black community raised half of the $5,467 cost of the three-classroom building. Additional support came from the . . . Map (db m225877) HM
4 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Appalachian Trail High Point Reported permanently removed
This trail intersection is highest point of the Appalachian Trail in Shenandoah National Park. Elevation 3837Map (db m45735) HM
5 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 8 — Bell House
Circa 1835 Yellow Pine Log Construction Kimball Springs Va. Map (db m159119) HM
6 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Bethany Veney"Aunt Betty’s Story" — The Long Road to Freedom —
Born into slavery on a farm just east of Luray around 1813, Bethany Veney lived a remarkable life of faith, resilience, strength, and forgiveness. Her 1889 autobiography, Aunt Betty’s Story: The Narrative of Bethany Veney, a Slave Woman, . . . Map (db m227621) HM
7 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 3 — Blacksmith Shop
Circa 1850 Chestnut Log Construction from the Lee Plantation Lynchburg VA. Map (db m159112) HM
8 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 6 — Burner Barn
Circa 1860 Switzer Style Heart Pine Log Construction Page Valley VA. Map (db m159115) HM
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9 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Calendine
Calendine was built in the early 1850s by Townsend Young. The adjacent one story building served as a general store and stage stop on the Sperryville-New Market turnpike. The store was also a social gathering place for exchange of news and gossip. . . . Map (db m174315) HM
10 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Car & Carriage Caravan Museum
Driving the Dream The Car & Carriage Caravan Museum at Luray Caverns is one of America's most outstanding exhibits of rare vintage vehicles. Established in 1957, the museum was built on one man's fascination with antique transportation. . . . Map (db m159105) HM
11 Virginia, Page County, Luray — C-3 — Cavalry Engagement
In mid-June 1862, after Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign, Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson’s cavalry screened from Union observation Jackson’s movement east to join the Army of Northern Virginia near Richmond. . . . Map (db m591) HM
12 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Chestnut OakQuercus prinus
Basket Oak The wood of Chestnut oak can be split easily into fine yet tough ribbons of fiber. These splints can be used to weave baskets and chair bottoms. This wood is heavy, strong, close grained and durable. It is used for . . . Map (db m159074) HM
13 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Chinkapin Oak
Directly up the hill from this site grows the second largest Chinkapin Oak in Virginia. It is registered with the Champion Tree Program of Virginia with a circumference of 234 inches, 62 feet tall and has a crown spread of 132 feet. It is estimated . . . Map (db m182598) HM
14 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Civilian Conservation Camp
During the 1930's, CCC Camp NP-1, Company 334, Camp Dern was placed in the area across the Skyline Drive and 1/4 mile to the south.Map (db m13244) HM
15 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Confederate Heroes Monument
(Left Side):Would it not be a blame for us if their memories part from our land & heart and a wrong to them & a shame for us the glories they won shall not wane for us in legend & lay our heroes in gray shall forever live over again for us. . . . Map (db m16457) HM
16 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Confederate Memorial
CSA Confederate Soldiers 1861 - 1865Map (db m159128) WM
17 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Construction of the Skyline Drive
Near this spot, on July 18, 1931, the ground-breaking ceremony for the Skyline Drive was conducted. This act began the eight-year construction of the 105-mile-long scenic roadway, which now stretches from Front Royal to Waynesboro, Virginia.Map (db m45690) HM
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18 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Corn Crib
Circa 1850 from the Lee Plantation Lynchburg VA. Chestnut Log Construction Used for the storage of corn. Map (db m159120) HM
19 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Downy ServiceberryAmelanchier arborea — Shadbush —
Shadbush In Coastal areas, this tree is called Shadblow or Shadbush because it blooms when the shad migrate upstream to spawn. Juneberry Another name for this tree, Juneberry, is fitting because the flowers become reddish purple . . . Map (db m159061) HM
20 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Eastern RedbudCercis canadensis, Forest Pansy — Heart shaped leaves —
The Eastern Redbud tree is most beautiful in early spring when the naked branches are covered with purplish pink or magenta blossoms. An unremarkable tree in summer and winter, the redbud flowers in spring show us how common the tree really . . . Map (db m159066) HM
21 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 5 — Elk Run Meeting House
Circa 1800 Mennonite and Brethren Moravian Style Constructed of Heartpine & Brick Millcreek Va. Map (db m159117) HM
22 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Farm Machinery From The Past
During the 1800's farmer’s took everything from a from a simple hoe to a thresher “snorting black smoke” into the fields in pursuit of better harvest. Machines were run by hand, by oxen or horses, and finally by steam . . . Map (db m100662) HM
23 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Fisher’s Hill and Yager’s Mill“We would have captured the entire rebel army.” — 1864 Valley Campaigns —
In September 1864, Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan detached two cavalry divisions under Gen. Alfred T. A. Torbert to move into the Page Valley. While the bulk of Sheridan’s army would strike Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Confederates at Fisher’s Hill, . . . Map (db m155818) HM
24 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Flowering DogwoodCornus florida — Virginia's State Tree —
Trees in Trouble Currently these trees are fighting dogwood anthracite fungus. It is spread by birds and rain and kills dogwood trees at or above 2,000 feet in elevation. The Toothpaste Tree Did you know…the Flowering . . . Map (db m159062) HM
25 Virginia, Page County, Luray — C-31 — Fort Philip Long
Six miles south, near Alma, stands Fort Philip Long, a small Germanic stone dwelling with a massive end chimney. Constructed on the edge of a bank, the house is unusual in having two cellar levels, one below the other. A tunnel leads from the lower . . . Map (db m802) HM
26 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Gaps in the StoryShenandoah National Park
Imagine it’s 1740. You're traveling west, and you've arrived at this point on Pass Mountain. You have to cross that next mountain on the other side of the valley, and there are no roads to guide you. Where will you cross? Most people would choose . . . Map (db m134296) HM
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27 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 4 — Hamburg African American Regular School
Circa 1885 Pine & Chestnut Construction Hamburg VA. Map (db m159113) HM
28 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 7 — Heartpine Cafe
Lower Level Burner's Bank Barn Switzer Style Circa 1860 Heart Pine Log Construction Page Valley VA. Map (db m159122) HM
29 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Historic White House 1760
Fort, home, churchMap (db m159087) HM
30 Virginia, Page County, Luray — History Marches Forward
You are retracing the footprints of many people who have created history on the Massanutten Mountain. During the Civil War, General Stonewall Jackson marched with his troops across this very spot. This trail has changed form many times and . . . Map (db m159059) HM
31 Virginia, Page County, Luray — If These Walls Could Talk
"The hand-cut walls have stories to tell for those willing to listen." Reed Engle, The Greatest Single Feature… A Sky-line Drive May 15, 1933 saw the first Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camps established in Shenandoah at . . . Map (db m145386) HM
32 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Jackson’s 2nd Corps EstablishedStonewall Dons a New Uniform
Having remained with his command in the vicinity of Winchester since the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam, by November 22, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was again on the march. With more than 32,000 soldiers, Jackson’s force made . . . Map (db m16453) HM
33 Virginia, Page County, Luray — LurayWhere the Caverns meet the Sky
The Town of Luray was originally surveyed and platted in 1811. On February 8, 1812, the Town was established. People who live and work in the area continue to marvel at its rolling hills, clear streams, and breathtaking views. Luray has evolved . . . Map (db m159093) HM
34 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Luray Caverns
(front) Near This Spot Andrew Campbell, feeling the cool air of newly found natural wonder Luray Caverns, is shown here very shortly after this "discovery of the century" was made. Photo was most likely taken by co-discoverer Benton . . . Map (db m106463) HM
35 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Luray CavernsDiscovered August 13, 1878
In memory and in honor of Rebecca Beall Jackson Graves 1922-2012 Former Senior Vice President of Luray Caverns Our Chapter Founding PresidentMap (db m230805) HM
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36 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Luray Caverns VirginiaDiscovered August 13, 1878
Andrew Campbell • Benton Stebbins • William Campbell "Infinite diversity of beauty" The Smithsonian InstitutionMap (db m230873) HM
37 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Luray, Virginia Established 1812
On this site was lot number 1 of a town made up of 18 lots conveyed by deed from Isaac Ruffner and his family, descendants of the original homesteaders in 1739, Peter and Mary (Steinman) Ruffner, owners of most of the land on both sides of the . . . Map (db m154446) HM
38 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Massanutten Mountain, Uplifted, Then SculptedStorybook Trail
A few hundred million years ago, geologic forces deep in the earth folded, faulted and uplifted the flat-lying rock layers, displacing the seas. Erosion cut into the uplifted and folded rock layers. The easy-to-erode rocks, such as shale and . . . Map (db m230640) HM
39 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Massanutten School
This one-room school was originally located in the Massanutten section, west of Luray. Donated to the Page County Heritage Association by Thomas and Barbara Jenning, the c. 1880 building was moved to this site in 1974. Extensive renovation . . . Map (db m800) HM
40 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Massanutten Wildflower Trail
The Wildflower Trail is a 0.5 mile (one-way) trail that is rocky and steep in places. Enjoy your wildflowers of spring and summer as you trace the footsteps of Stonewall Jackson who marched his troops across this mountain during the Civil . . . Map (db m159058) HM
41 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Massanutton
To the Founders of the Massanutton Settlement, 1729. Jacob Stover, Leader and Patentee of 5000 acre tract. Adam Miller, settler on the Shenandoah River 1727. Purchasers from Stover: Christian Clemon, Henry Sowter, Mathias Selzer, John Brubaker, . . . Map (db m650) HM
42 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Mauck Meeting HouseCirca 1790 Reported damaged
Built for religious purposes by the “Neighbors”, mainly Mennonites from Switzerland and southern Germany. The outside of the one log walls were covered in 1851 with white weatherboards and the structure was roofed with chestnut shingles. A . . . Map (db m174316) HM
43 Virginia, Page County, Luray — MillstoneGrist = Grain
This millstone was found in the forest a short distance from here. It appears to have cracked under the shock of many hammer blows. When used in a grist mill it would have ground grain for hot bread and buckwheat cakes. Millstones . . . Map (db m159075) HM
44 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Mt. Carmel Baptist Church
Organized 1812. Called Old School Baptist since 1832 when there occurred a division in the Baptist Churches of the United States. Mt. Carmel Church Buildings. First, a frame building in West End. Second, a brick building at the head . . . Map (db m36327) HM
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45 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Old Man in the MountainShenandoah National Park
Stony Man, the old man in the mountain, is a Shenandoah National Park icon. It only takes a little imagination to see the profile of a man’s face in the mountain from here. Stony Man has lent his name to a summit, an overlook, a hike, a camp . . . Map (db m96224) HM
46 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Page County Veterans Memorial
Those who have long enjoyed such freedoms as we enjoy forget in time that man has died to win them Dedicated to those who serve their country in times of war and peace especially dedicated to those who paid the Supreme Sacrifice in order . . . Map (db m159126) WM
47 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Pass Run and Thornton GapBetween Campaigns — Gettysburg Campaign —
Nearly three weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg, and in the wake of a sharp fight near Front Royal at Wapping Heights (Manassas Gap) on July 23, 1863, Confederate troops from Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps withdrew to the Page Valley. On July 25, . . . Map (db m13111) HM
48 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Pignut HickoryCarya glabra — Sweet Pig Nut —
Pignut Hickory was coined in early colonial days when hogs ate the nuts with great relish. During the War of 1812 Andrew Jackson earned the nickname "Old Hickory" when he showed strength, stamina and energy as the leader of a rowdy troop of . . . Map (db m159064) HM
49 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Prelude to a Park
"This is no fancy Camp or fashionable resort, and we claim this as one of the greatest advantages we can offer. We do not cater for fashionable patronage, but if you want health, recreation, and rest, these we can give you in abundance." . . . Map (db m230887) HM
50 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Pressure To ChangeStorybook Trail
Starting about 350 million years ago, these mountains were being shaped by movements deep within the earth's crust. The pressure was intense. Loose sands were tightly compacted and cemented; buried rock was compressed, folded, buckled and . . . Map (db m230635) HM
51 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Z-174 — Rappahannock County / Page County
Rappahannock County. Area 274 Square Miles. Formed in 1833 from Culpeper and named for the Rappahannock River, headwaters of which are in this county. Page County. Area 322 Square Miles. Formed in 1831 . . . Map (db m1570) HM
52 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Revolutionary War Memorial
In memory of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Page CountyMap (db m159127) WM
53 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Shenandoah At WarOne story… a thousand voices
If this Valley is lost, Virginia is lost! — General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
During the American Civil War, control of the Shenandoah Valley was critical to the fate of Virginia and . . . Map (db m159096) HM
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54 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Shenandoah National ParkSkyline Drive
Shenandoah National Park Shenandoah National Park was established in 1935 using lands donated by the Commonwealth of Virginia. The forest was once devastated by logging and farming, but has now returned, and covers more than 95 per cent of the . . . Map (db m13249) HM
55 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Shenandoah's CenterpieceShenandoah National Park
Decades before Shenandoah National Park was established, vacationers traveled to Skyland Resort seeking respite from urbanized, mechanized city life. Just as you have, they found rustic, natural surroundings, a slowed pace, and a chance to reconnect . . . Map (db m134294) HM
56 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Stony Man Reported permanently removed
Can you see a man's stony face in the rock outcrop on the high peak directly to your left? Someone thought they could, thus the peak's name, Stony Man. Stony Man is Shenandoah National Park's second highest peak at 4,011 feet. To enjoy views . . . Map (db m13242) HM
57 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Stony Man Trailhead
Did You Know? Allow Me to (Re)Introduce Myself The Park's resource protection mission makes it a superb place to reintroduce wildlife. In 1989 Shenandoah first tried to bring endangered peregrine falcons-once permanent . . . Map (db m230838) HM
58 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The Beautiful Caverns of LurayWelcome to Luray Caverns
The Discovery of the Century On August 13, 1878, town tinsmith Andrew Campbell, Campbell's 13-year-old nephew Quint, and three other men were exploring for a cave. With the help of a companion, photographer Benton Stebbins, they dug away . . . Map (db m159107) HM
59 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The Chapman-Ruffner HouseBoyhood Home of the “Fighting Chapmans” — Mosby's Confederacy —
Immigrant Peter Ruffner built this house about 1739. Before the Civil War, William A. Chapman bought it, and three sons reared here later fought for the Confederacy. For their exploits as members of Col. John S. Mosby’s Rangers, two of them, Lt. . . . Map (db m17210) HM
60 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The Greatest Single FeatureShenandoah National Park
“The greatest single feature is a possible sky-line drive along the mountain top. . .Few scenic drives in the world could surpass it.” —Southern Appalachian National Park Committee, 1931 By 1929, more than 23 million . . . Map (db m100663) HM
61 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The Luray Valley Museum"Oh, Shenandoah, I long to hear you…"
The Luray Valley Museum is dedicated to sharing the story of the people of the Shenandoah Valley and their enduring impact on the American culture. The museum has a significant and evolving decorative arts collection of Shenandoah Valley . . . Map (db m159108) HM
62 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 10 — The Rev. Bernard Willy House
Circa 1760 Woodstock Va. Constructed of Heartpine Logs 1760 Willy Cabin KitchenMap (db m159121) HM
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63 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The Reverend John Roads (Rhodes)Died 1764
A Pioneer and Christian father, who with his wife and six of his thirteen children, was a victim of the last Indian massacre in Page County.Map (db m174314) HM
64 Virginia, Page County, Luray — 2 — The Shenk Farm
Original to the site Back Of House Circa 1876 Front Of House Circa 1901 Common Sawed Timber Construction Map (db m159111) HM
65 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The Tea TreeSassafras — Sassafras albidum —
Sassafras is best known for the spring tonic made from dried roots. Although the tea from Sassafras is still used today. It is now known to contain cancer causing ingredients. Smitten with Mittens Sassafras leaves are very unique. . . . Map (db m159065) HM
66 Virginia, Page County, Luray — The World's First Bluegrass Festival
The World's First Bluegrass Festival was held at Oak Leaf Park, Luray, Virginia on July 4, 1961. Featured bands: Bill Clifton & the Dixie Mountain Boys, Bill Monroe & the Blue Grass Boys, Mac Wiseman, the Stanley Brothers, the Country Gentlemen, . . . Map (db m159124) HM
67 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Thornton GapTactical Mountain Pass
During the Civil War, this gap in the Blue Ridge was of significant tactical importance for the movement of troops, artillery, and supply wagons. The Thornton’s Gap Turnpike, a macadamized (hard-surfaced) road, passed through the gap and linked . . . Map (db m100651) HM
68 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Through the Gaps Reported permanently removed
In the valley below, Highway 211 snakes its way through the town of Luray and connects Thornton Gap, 1/2 mile to your left on Skyline Drive, with New Market Gap, the low point in distant Massanutten Mountain. Luray and Route 211 illustrate how . . . Map (db m13228) HM
69 Virginia, Page County, Luray — C-30 — White House
Just west of here is White House, a fortified stone dwelling constructed ca. 1760 during the Seven Years' War. Built in the Rhenish style, it was the home of Mennonite minister Martin Kauffman II, whose family arrived in the Shenandoah Valley in the . . . Map (db m159078) HM
70 Virginia, Page County, Luray — C-30 — White House Reported permanently removed
The old building just north of the road was built for a fort in 1760. It has long been a landmark in this valley.Map (db m239848) HM
71 Virginia, Page County, Luray — White House BridgeCritical Crossing — 1862 Valley Campaign —
On May 21, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Valley Army plodded north along this road to threaten Front Royal and outflank Union Gen. Nathaniel Bank’s position at Strasburg. With the addition of Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s . . . Map (db m230250) HM
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72 Virginia, Page County, Luray — White House Ferry
Operated from 1870–1910 about ¼ mile north of U.S. 211 over the South Fork of the Shenandoah River with its approach road close to the existing White House. You can easily see the White House, on the east side of the river, as you drive to the . . . Map (db m573) HM
73 Virginia, Page County, Luray — C-56 — William Randolph Barbee
Here stood “Hawburg,” birthplace of the eminent Virginia sculptor William R. Barbee (1816–1868). He studied in Florence, Italy, where he carved his famed “Coquette” and “The Fisher Girl.” Returning to the United States in 1858 he was at work on a . . . Map (db m1571) HM
74 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Willow Grove MillBurning the Bread Basket
On October 2, 1864, elements of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry Division under Col. William H. Powell reached this area near Luray and quickly laid waste to the Willow Grove Mill. Amanda Moore, wife of the mill’s owner, later recalled, "We had the Mill, Saw . . . Map (db m11034) HM
75 Virginia, Page County, Luray — Willow Grove Mill In Olden Days
This mill was originally built of logs on a high rock foundation in 1797. It was powered by a 18' overshot with an up and down sawmill. Steam engines were used in late 1800's. In 1871 William Richards Renalds began working at this mill and operated . . . Map (db m159109) HM
76 Virginia, Page County, Luray — You Are Invited
To travel this forest trail. Discover a two horse power tree, a boulder with living skin, and a stone that almost ground grain for grandfather's bread. Your half hour walk of discovery and adventure begins and ends here.Map (db m159077) HM
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Mar. 2, 2024