“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Martinsburg, West Virginia

Clickable Map of Berkeley County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Berkeley County, WV (103) Jefferson County, WV (347) Morgan County, WV (105) Washington County, MD (858) Clarke County, VA (73) Frederick County, VA (184)  BerkeleyCounty(103) Berkeley County (103)  JeffersonCounty(347) Jefferson County (347)  MorganCounty(105) Morgan County (105)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(858) Washington County (858)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(73) Clarke County (73)  FrederickCounty(184) Frederick County (184)
Martinsburg is the county seat for Berkeley County
Martinsburg is in Berkeley County
      Berkeley County (103)  
      Jefferson County (347)  
      Morgan County (105)  
      Washington County, Maryland (858)  
      Clarke County, Virginia (73)  
      Frederick County, Virginia (184)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — “Oh Shenandoah, I Long to See You!”
“Big Apple Time Capsule” Dedicated: Oct 19, 1990 – Re-open in year of 2040 Sponsor: Martinsburg Jaycees This “community pride project” is an attempt to preserve the Apple Capital city and surrounding areas of . . . Map (db m1212) HM
2West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — 224 - 226 West King Street
Built as a YMCA in 1908. Constructed in the eclectic mission style. Used as the Martinsburg City Hall from 1932-1988.Map (db m132408) HM
3West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Adam Stephen House — 309 East John Street — 1774-1789 —
This structure was constructed of native limestone by Revolutionary War General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg. Restored by the City of Martinsburg and the Adam Stephen Memorial Association, Inc.Map (db m132404) HM
4West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Adam Stephen House – 309 East John Street — Washington Heritage Trail
Adam Stephen (1720-1791) had a close acquaintance with George Washington through their association with Lord Fairfax and from their military involvements from the French & Indian War through the American Revolution. Stephen was present with . . . Map (db m167507) HM
5West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Apollo Theater — 128 East Martin Street — Built 1912 —
This theater was designed by Reginald Geare, architect for the well-known Knickerbocker Theater of Washington, D.C.Map (db m143931) HM
6West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Avenue of Flags Monument
The colonial village of Martinsburg was established by law enacted by the General Assemply of the Commonwealth of Virginia on October 21, 1778. Martinsburg’s founder was General Adam Stephen, a noted soldier of the American Revolutionary War. . . . Map (db m167514) HM
7West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Shop Complex
The roundhouse is the sole surviving cast-iron framed roundhouse and is an important example of mid-19th century industrial building design. Designed by Albert Fink, in collaboration with Benjamin H. Latrobe, it represents an early use of . . . Map (db m1199) HM
8West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex
National Civil Engineering Landmark. The re-construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse and Shop Complex commenced soon after the end of the American Civil War in 1865. This complex included two roundhouses and two significant . . . Map (db m167682) HM
9West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Belle Boyd House — Home of a Spy — Antietam Campaign —
Isabelle “Belle” Boyd, the Confederate spy, lived here during part of her childhood. The ten-year-old and her family moved here in 1853 and left in 1858 for a dwelling (no longer standing) on South Queen Street. According to Boyd, . . . Map (db m63496) HM
10West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Belle Boyd House — 126 E. Race Street — Built 1853 —
Built in 1853 by Benjamin Reed Boyd, a merchant, Confederate soldier and the father of Belle Boyd. Belle Boyd was a famous Confederate spy, author and actress.Map (db m149428) HM
11West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Berkeley Hotel — Railroad Raids Survivor
This is one of the last surviving antebellum buildings in the area. It was constructed shortly after the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842. The adjacent railroad yards twice were Confederate Gen. Thomas J. . . . Map (db m58629) HM
12West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Boarman House — 208 S. Queen Street — Built 1802 —
One of the earliest brick buildings constructed in Martinsburg. Home of Rear Admiral Charles Boarman, who served in the War of 1812 and the Civil War.Map (db m132397) HM
13West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Boydville
Built, 1812, by Elisha Boyd, general in the War of 1812, on land bought from Gen. Adam Stephen. Mansion noted for its fine workmanship. Home of his son-in-law, Charles J. Faulkner, Minister to France, and his grandson, U.S. Senator Faulkner.Map (db m983) HM
14West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Civil War Martinsburg — Focus of Contention
Martinsburg, strategically located on the Valley Turnpike (present day U.S. Route 11) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was a major transportation center and the northern gateway to the Shenandoah Valley. Both sides contested for it frequently . . . Map (db m167591) HM
15West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Continental Clay Brick Works — West Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
Local lawyer and newspaper editor, F. Vernon [unreadable], established the Continental Clay Brick works on a portion of his family farm in [unreadable]. Ten beehive kilns were initially constructed to fire the bricks after they were molded. Brick . . . Map (db m132440) HM
16West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — First Electrified House — In Martinsburg, W. Va.
This home was provided with electric service in 1890 by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company, a predecessor of the Potomac Edison Company Commemorated 3 December 1969Map (db m132406) HM
17West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Fort Neally
During the French and Indian War, Fort Neally was captured and its garrison massacred, Sept. 17, 1756. Many settlers in the vicinity also were killed. Among captives was Isabella Stockton, later wife of William McCleery, Morgantown.Map (db m12790) HM
18West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Gen. Adam Stephen
Here was home of General Adam Stephen, founder of Martinsburg and county's first sheriff. Was famous as fighter in French and Indian Wars, and as major general in the American Revolutionary War.Map (db m12786) HM
19West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — General Adam Stephen House and Triple Brick Museum
Founder of Martinsburg, First Sheriff of Berkeley County, Statesman, Soldier, Surgeon National Register of Historic Places Oct. 15, 1970Map (db m12788) HM
20West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Girlhood Home of Belle Boyd
Site of girlhood home of Belle Boyd Confederate spy 1845-1899 Map (db m132398) HM
21West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Harry Flood Byrd
On this site Harry Flood Byrd was born June 10, 1887 Member of the Virginia Senate, 1916-1925 Governor of Virginia, 1926-1930 U.S. Senator from 1933. Map (db m132399) HM
22West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — J. R. Clifford
Born 1848 in Hardy Co. A Civil War vet., Storer College graduate, teacher and principal at local Sumner School. Published Pioneer Press (1882), first African American paper in state. First of race to pass state bar exam (1887); argued two . . . Map (db m1210) HM
23West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Major General Adam Stephen — 1718 - 1791 — Patriot – Legislator – Founder —
He was commander of a division in the Revolution. Voted for the adoption of the federal constitution while a member of the Virginia Assembly. Granted 130 acres of land for the site of Martinsburg and was the first sheriff of Berkeley County.Map (db m132409) HM
24West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Market House — 100 North Queen Street — 1846-1847 —
One of Martinsburg's Gothic Revival masterpieces and once its central marketplace. The structure has been used commercially with the Masons and Odd Fellows halls overhead.Map (db m132400) HM
25West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg
Founded, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admirals Charles Boarman and C.K. Stribling. Locomotives seized here, 1861, in Jackson’s raid were drawn by horses to Winchester, Va.Map (db m1973) HM
26West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg / Berkeley Riflemen
Martinsburg. Established, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Col. Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admiral C.K. Stribling and Admiral Charles Boarman. In Jackson’s raid, 1861, captured B&O locomotives were drawn by horses to . . . Map (db m1976) HM
27West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg Roundhouse — Jackson and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Antietam Campaign —
In April 1861, as the Civil War erupted, Confederate forces seized the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Harpers Ferry west. On May 24, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Col. Thomas J. (later “Stonewall”) Jackson to destroy the rolling . . . Map (db m149430) HM
28West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Norbourne Parish Cemetery — South side of South Street — Established 1772 —
Site of the original Trinity Episcopal Church, founded as part of the Church of England.Map (db m134028) HM
29West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Berkeley County Jail — 420 South Raleigh Street — Built 1892 —
This High Victorian Gothic structure served as the Berkeley County jail for one hundred years.Map (db m134016) HM
30West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Federal Building — 125 S. Maple Avenue — Completed 1895 —
Constructed using the Richardson-Romanesque Style of architecture, this building served as a Post Office and United States Courthouse.Map (db m1977) HM
31West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old High School — 401 South Queen Street — Built 1883 —
This High Victorian Gothic structure which served as the Martinsburg High School, now houses the Berkeley County Board of Education office.Map (db m132394) HM
32West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Methodist Church — 201 East John Street — Built 1795 —
This structure was originally constructed as a dwelling and was later used as a house of worship from 1812-1842 by the Methodist Episcopal Church.Map (db m134000) HM
33West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Stone House — 302 South Water Street — Constructed prior to 1779 —
Constructed of native limestone, this house is considered among the earliest built in Martinsburg.Map (db m132407) HM
34West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Old Worsted and Cassimere Mills
The woolen mills were located in the buildings on the south side of the street and the cassimere mills on the north. Outstanding examples of industrial architecture.Map (db m134032) HM
35West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877
Roundhouses and Shops. The B&O Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842, and by 1849, a roundhouse and shops were built. These first buildings were burned by Confederate troops in 1862. The present west roundhouse and the two shops were built . . . Map (db m1197) HM
36West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Site of Belle Boyd Home — Famous Confederate Spy
Here on July 4, 1861, Belle Boyd, at the age of 17, shot and killed a Union soldier. She was imprisoned on several occasions as a result of her later spying activities.Map (db m193346) HM
37West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — St. John's Catholic Cemetery — North side of South Street — 1802 —
The first Catholic Church of Martinsburg was located on this site from 1825 to 1843.Map (db m134023) HM
38West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — St. Joseph's Catholic Church — 219 South Queen Street — 1845-1860 —
This Romanesque Revival Church was begin in 1845 and dedicated in 1860. George Whitson, local architect, designed the Greek portico with the Gothic spire in 1888. [Bottom plaque] Most Reverend Bernard Schmitt, D.D. Designated . . . Map (db m132395) HM
39West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Sumner-Ramer Memorial School — 515 West Martin Street
The present building was completed in 1917 under the leadership of Fred R. Ramer. He was the first principal in Berkeley County to have a school named after him. Ramer school served the black community until 1964.Map (db m1211) HM
40West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — The Story of Two Bridges: The Colonnade Bridge and the East Burke Street Bridge
Looking Upstream and Northeast at the Colonnade Bridge, Circa 1860 In 1849, the Baltimore and Ohio established its railroad shops in Martinsburg and erected here two most noteworthy roundhouses and workshop buildings. The B&O erected a . . . Map (db m148872) HM
41West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Triple Brick Building – 311-313 East John Street — Washington Heritage Trail
Built in the mid-1870s by Philip Showers, who owned the adjacent stone house (the Adam Stephen House) at that time, the Triple Brick Building was listed in early tax records as the "Tribble (Triple) House" or "the brick house divided into . . . Map (db m132401) HM
42West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Triple Brick Museum — 313 East John Street — Built 1874 —
This structure was originally constructed as three apartments by Philip Showers to house railroad workers.Map (db m132405) HM
43West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Welcome to the City of Martinsburg — Founded in 1778 by General Adam Stephen
The Founder Born around 1720 in Scotland, Stephen received a surgeon's degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1746. He came to America in 1748, settling in Fredericksburg, Va., where he practiced as a doctor. In 1754 he joined the Virginia . . . Map (db m167510) HM
44West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — World War Memorial
1917-1918. This memorial is dedicated as an enduring tribute to the patriotism of the citizens of Berkeley County who rendered loyal service to our country in the great World War, and to honor the memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice . . . Map (db m1256) WM
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Jul. 1, 2022