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Historical Markers in McDowell, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Highland County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Highland County, VA (55) Augusta County, VA (70) Bath County, VA (36) Pendleton County, WV (48) Pocahontas County, WV (62)  HighlandCounty(55) Highland County (55)  AugustaCounty(70) Augusta County (70)  BathCounty(36) Bath County (36)  PendletonCountyWest Virginia(48) Pendleton County (48)  PocahontasCounty(62) Pocahontas County (62)
Monterey is the county seat for Highland County
McDowell is in Highland County
      Highland County (55)  
ADJACENT TO HIGHLAND COUNTY
      Augusta County (70)  
      Bath County (36)  
      Pendleton County, West Virginia (48)  
      Pocahontas County, West Virginia (62)  
 
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1 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — A Reconnaissance In ForceThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
When the Federals launched their attack at the Battle of McDowell, Union Gens. Robert C. Schenck and Robert H. Milroy intended it as a "reconnaissance in force," an attack designed to test the strength of the Confederate line. Confederate . . . Map (db m239358) HM
2 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — A Road From The PastThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
In front of you is the original road trace of the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike. The turnpike was built between 1838-1850, to provide a roadway from Staunton, Virginia, and the upper Shenandoah Valley to the Ohio River at present-day Parkersburg, . . . Map (db m235875) HM
3 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — A Spectacular ShowThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
As night fell, the battle still raged. The growing darkness falling made it difficult to see the enemy, and soldiers resorted to firing at their opponent's muzzle flashes in the woods. Frank S. Reader, a post-war newspaper editor and member . . . Map (db m239302) HM
4 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — An Attack RepulsedThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
When the Federals launched their attack, the 25th Ohio and 75th Ohio assaulted this position on the Confederate left. The defenders here included the 52nd, 58th, and 44th Virginia Infantry, with the 52nd on the far left. The Union soldiers . . . Map (db m239320) HM
5 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Anthony's BurgPost-Civil War African American Community — The Civil War Era in Highland County —
The parking lot you are standing in was built upon land donated by Lt. Col. Leonard Harris, U.S. Army (Ret.), and his cousin John Howard "Duffy" Smith. Their family was deeded property here shortly before the Civil War. Allegedly, Robert . . . Map (db m235927) HM
6 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle of McDowell
May 8, 1862, one mile southeast, Jackson and Edward Johnson, C.S.A. defeated Milroy and Schenck, U.S.A. This church served both Blue and Gray as a hospital.Map (db m62929) HM
7 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle of McDowellConfederates Hold the High Ground — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported permanently removed
Beyond the ridge you are facing is Sitlington’s Hill. On the afternoon of May 8, 1862, Gen. Edward “Allegheny” Johnson directed two brigades of Confederate infantry to take position on the hill facing the Federals across Bull Pasture Creek in . . . Map (db m155083) HM
8 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle Of McDowellThe Heart of the Battlefield Reported permanently removed
You are standing at the center of the McDowell battlefield. Throughout the afternoon of May 8, 1862, hundreds or Union soldiers advanced doggedly uphill toward your position, loading and firing as they came. On either side of you, Confederate . . . Map (db m165773) HM
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9 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle of McDowellWhen Plans Collide Reported permanently removed
Elements of three Union armies moved through the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1862, while a fourth army marched up the Virginia Peninsula toward Richmond. Together, these two wings comprised a pincer movement against the Confederate . . . Map (db m172827) HM
10 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle of McDowell"God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell" — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported permanently removed
Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . Map (db m172829) HM
11 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle Of McDowellThe Guns Of Cemetery Hill — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported permanently removed
(preface) Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackon's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . Map (db m194722) HM
12 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle of McDowell"God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell" — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . Map (db m235831) HM
13 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Battle of McDowellSitlington's Hill
The Battle of McDowell was the second engagement of Confederate Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign. After being defeated by Union forces at Kernstown, just south of Winchester, on March 23, 1862, Jackson withdrew south in the . . . Map (db m239604) HM
14 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — W-150 — Battle of McDowell
Stonewall Jackson, to prevent a junction of Fremont and Banks, took position on the hills just to the south and beat off the attacks of Fremont’s advance under Milroy, May 8, 1862. Milroy retreated that night.Map (db m4232) HM
15 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Commemorating The Battle Of McDowellMay 8, 1862
Federals in action 4000, killed and wounded 256. Confederates in action 2500, killed and wounded 498. Confederate Officers Killed Captains                     Lieutentants Samuel Dawson           John K. Goldwire William L. Furlow   . . . Map (db m4283) HM
16 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Confederates Hold the High GroundThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
Beyond the Ridge you are facing is Sitlington's Hill. On the afternoon of May 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Edward "Allegheny" Johnson directed two brigades of Confederate infantry to take position on the hill facing the Federals across Bullpasture . . . Map (db m239058) HM
17 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — W151 — Felix Hull House
This stately brick house was built about 1855 for Felix Hull (ca. 1823-1861) in the Greek Revival style popular in the late antebellum period. During the Civil War, his widow, Eliza Mathews Hull, was living here on 7-8 May 1862 when the house was . . . Map (db m155460) HM
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18 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — W-148 — Fort George on the Bullpasture River
Fort George was built in the spring of 1757 by Captain William Preston, acting on orders of Major Andrew Lewis. Local residents assisted in construction of the 80-foot-square log fort located on the land of Wallace Estill. It was never attacked . . . Map (db m30465) HM
19 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Highway to WarStaunton and Parkersburg Turnpike Reported permanently removed
During the Civil War, Virginia's roads were of vital importance to both Union and Confederate armies for the transport of soldiers, artillery, supply wagons, and livestock herds to feed the troops. The roads ranged from narrow dirt paths to wide, . . . Map (db m172828) HM
20 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Highway To WarStaunton and Parkersburg Turnpike
During the Civil War, Virginia's roads were of vital importance to both Union and Confederate armies for the transport of soldiers, artillery, supply wagons, and livestock herds to feed the troops. The roads ranged from narrow dirt paths to wide, . . . Map (db m235814) HM
21 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Hometown FoesThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
Neighbor fought neighbor on this ground during the Battle of McDowell. During the fighting, the 3rd Virginia Infantry (Union) moved to your left along the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike in an attempt to get around the Confederate right flank. . . . Map (db m235849) HM
22 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — W112 — McDowell Presbyterian Church
This congregation, first known as Central Union Church, was organized in 1822. The present brick sanctuary, an interpretation of the Greek Revival style, replaced an earlier structure ca. 1856. The entrance on the building's south side was likely . . . Map (db m235759) HM
23 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — McDowell VA - May 8, 1862
In this area are buried Confederate and Union soldiers who died at McDowell VA - May 8, 1862Map (db m43655) HM
24 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Moving UphillThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
At 5:30 pm during the Battle of McDowell, the second line of Confederate infantry moved through this area as they climbed to the top of Sitlington's Hill to reinforce the defenders who had been battered by the initial assaults. The Federals had . . . Map (db m239156) HM
25 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Sitlington's HillThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
Sitlington's Hill was heavily wooded with thick underbrush and several rocky slopes, made for hard fighting. Both armies used ravines that traversed around and through the hill during the battle. The top of the ridge has a knoll to the left and a . . . Map (db m239207) HM
26 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The 12th GeorgiaThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
During the Battle of McDowell, the Confederate 12th Georgia Infantry held this ridge, overlooking the Village of McDowell. The Georgians began the battle on a knoll - a "large hilly old field" - in advance of the main Confederate line before . . . Map (db m239270) HM
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27 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle of McDowellUnion Troops Attack Jackson Reported permanently removed
Major General Edward Johnson commanded the Confederates on the crest overlooking the town of McDowell. Johnson spread his line along the hilltop, anchoring his right flank on the knoll to your right. Stonewall Jackson remained in the valley below, . . . Map (db m16685) HM
28 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle of McDowellHeart of the Battlefield — Elevation – 2,815 Feet — Reported permanently removed
The Confederate 12th Georgia Infantry Regiment held this exposed crest overlooking McDowell. Milroy’s Union troops assaulted this hilltop from two directions – on the left and the right. The Confederates held their ground against repeated attacks . . . Map (db m16689) HM
29 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle of McDowellMcDowell Battlefield Trail Reported permanently removed
"God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell yesterday…" Major General's Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to his Wife Anna.
The McDowell Battlefield Trail is a 1.5-mile hike that will take you to the . . . Map (db m62903) HM
30 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle of McDowellMay 8, 1862 Reported permanently removed
In the spring of 1862 Confederate fortunes seemed to have gone from bad to worse. Union forces had won several key battles in the West, while the U.S. Navy was establishing its coastal blockade and Major General George B. McClellan’s Army of the . . . Map (db m165817) HM
31 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle of McDowellJackson's Valley Campaign Reported permanently removed
You are standing on one of the pivotal battlefields of the Shenandoah Valley campaign. Here, on May 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and his 6,000 men defeated Union Gens. Robert C. Schenck's and Robert H. Milroy's . . . Map (db m172816) HM
32 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle of McDowellConfederates Climb Sitlington's Hill Reported permanently removed
“… [The 31st Virginia] came close to the 3rd and saluted them, and called them by name, and proceeded with the slaughter.” Andrew Price, 3rd Virginia Most of Stonewall Jackson’s Confederates climbed Sitlington’s Hill through a ravine off to . . . Map (db m194639) HM
33 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Battle RagesThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
"Many of the boys had their guns shot to pieces... They would pick up another gun and go to work as usual." - Pvt. Ephraim Hutchison, 82nd Ohio Infantry, USA You are standing along the Confederate defensive line during the Battle . . . Map (db m239254) HM
34 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Church and CemeteryThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
Union troops camped in the fields south of here between April 17, 1862, and the Battle of McDowell on May 8, 1862. They deployed artillery, including "two twelve pounders [that] were planted on the plateau in the rear of [the church] so as to . . . Map (db m235785) HM
35 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Confederate RightThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
You are looking toward the Confederate right flank. At the beginning of the battle, this flank extended toward the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike at the bottom of the hill to your right. The main Union attack came against this part of the . . . Map (db m239197) HM
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36 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Guns of Cemetery HillThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
During the Battle of McDowell on May 8, 1862, this height known as Cemetery Hill was crowded with Federal cannon, each served by a crew of 14 men or more. Union Capt. Henry Hyman, Battery I, 1st Ohio Light Artillery, positioned his guns here with . . . Map (db m235842) HM
37 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The Mansion House
is listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic PlacesMap (db m235786) HM
38 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — The RavinesThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
As they advanced to combat, both armies used ravines to make their way to the top of Sitlington's Hill. Most Confederate troops used a ravine just off to your left, which provided a direct route to the top of the height. During the battle, . . . Map (db m239178) HM
39 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Two Plans Of AttackThe Battle of McDowell (May 8, 1862)
When he arrived in McDowell on May 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson rode to the top of Sitlington's Hill. There he studied the terrain and Union positions in the village below with Confederate Gen. Edward "Allegheny" . . . Map (db m239089) HM
40 Virginia, Highland County, McDowell — Village of McDowellBattle of McDowell — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported permanently removed
Union troops camped in the fields south of here between April 17, 1862, and the Battle of McDowell on May 8. They deployed artillery, including “two twelve pounders [that] were planted on the plateau in the read of [the church] so as to cover the . . . Map (db m155462) HM
 
 
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Jul. 16, 2024