In spring 1937, the eyes of the nation were on Monroe. The Steel Workers Organizing Committee had organized a handful of workers at Republic’s Newton facility. On June 10, about 120 pickets confronted over 1,000 non-unionized workers and . . . — — Map (db m67513) HM
"Sky Pilot" was the name given to
the pastors, priests and rabbis
the chaplains of the Vietnam war
C-Ration boxes - stacked in the
manner you see here - were often
used as ad hoc altars for jungle
services. With lives in the balance,
many . . . — — Map (db m165507) WM
Here, Francois Navarre, first white settler in Monroe, built his home. His 500 acre farm, acquired by deed from the Indians in 1785, afforded a center for the River Raisin colony, by 1790 an important frontier community.
Col. Navarre was friend . . . — — Map (db m20933) HM
In the words of Laurent Durocher, "after the defeat of Winchester, many of the inhabitants fled with their families to the frontier of Ohio. Others went to Detroit. The British made several attempts to persuade the Indians to destroy what was left . . . — — Map (db m20905) HM
Attack helicopters came into widespread use in the mid
sixties and chalked up over a million hours in Vietnam.
The AH stands for attack helicopter. The original Cobra
retained the Huey's engine, transmission and other major
parts, but replaced . . . — — Map (db m172039) HM
Welcome to Michigan
from America’s Guard of Honor
Geo. T. Alex Detroit Chapter 82nd Airborne Division Association
Dedicated to the Paratroopers and Glidermen who have served
And the men and women who continue to serve as America’s best. . . . — — Map (db m197687) WM
On this property in 1812 was the trading post of John Anderson, famed Scottish pioneer of the River Raisin.
Anderson, Colonel of the Militia in 1812, was taken prisoner at Detroit, later escaped.
Mrs. Anderson, alone at the time of the . . . — — Map (db m27262) HM
British Artillery on January 22nd consisted of six small cannons, mostly 3-pounders, with some small howitzers. The artillery pieces were first positioned about 400 yards north of here, just south of Mason Run Creek. These were used to good effect . . . — — Map (db m169608) HM
The Michigan and Kentucky Societies of the
War of 1812 dedicate this memorial bench
to those who served their country
at the battles of the River Raisin,
January 18th and 22nd. 1813 — — Map (db m165542) WM
The Michigan Society Colonial Dames XVII Century
presents this bench to the International Peace Garden to commemorate
the heroic deeds of our ancestors who fought and gave their lives during the
Battle of the River Raisin, War of 1812. — — Map (db m165545) WM
[Marker side facing south]
Describing the American victory of January 18, 1813, Capt. John McCalla of the 5th Kentucky, wrote: "I have seen the enemy, and I have seen him defeated. I have seen my fellow soldiers extended lifeless bloody . . . — — Map (db m20945) HM
Gen. George A. Custer's brother, Boston, and his nephew, Harry (Autie) Armstrong Reed, accompanied the ill-fated Little Big Horn Expedition into Montana as civilian Quartermaster employees. While at the rear of the cavalry column they learned Gen. . . . — — Map (db m21001) HM
Boy Scouts in Monroe County
The Boy Scout movement in Monroe County was founded on October 16, 1911, when the first scout troop was organized at the old Monroe Armory. Twenty-five boys joined that night. The first scoutmaster was Lt. Ed Stoner . . . — — Map (db m171064) HM
On this site in 1849 the Reverend Erasmus J. Boyd opened the Young Ladies' Seminary, for 29 years a select school for girls and the town's cultural center.
The Detroit Archdiocese acquired the property in 1885 for a boys' college preparatory . . . — — Map (db m171063) HM
Pioneer settlers of Raisinville Township were the first citizens of Michigan to fully organize a school district which provided a building and financial support for basic education.
During 1828 the district built a log schoolhouse on land deeded . . . — — Map (db m170645) HM
From near this spot on Jan. 22, 1813, 525 British soldiers and Canadian militiamen from Fort Malden under Col. Henry Proctor and some 800 Indians under Chiefs Roundhead and Walk-In-The-Water launched a pre-dawn attack on the sleeping American camp a . . . — — Map (db m27254) HM
Under attack by the British and Indians before dawn on Jan. 22, 1813, in the second Battle of the River Raisin, the U.S. 17th Infantry soon broke and fled south across the frozen river. Gen. James Winchester, the American commander, tried several . . . — — Map (db m20899) HM
About 1823, Col. Johnson, merchant, financier and civic leader, built this home on First Street at the southeast corner of Loranger Square. Five generations of the Johnson-Phinney family lived in it before its 1960 sale to Monroe County.
One of . . . — — Map (db m171060) HM
In January 1878, Maria Custer (No. 7) and David Reed (No. 25) spent 100 dollars each to purchase the 40 gravesites here. That same month the bodies of Boston Custer (no. 8) and Autie Reed (No. 27) arrived for burial from the Little Big Horn . . . — — Map (db m200279) HM
The American Capt. John Woolfolk hid in one of the French homes just east of here during the massacre at the River Raisin, Jan. 23, 1813. Indians searching the settlement found him. They claimed him as their prisoner and forced him to this spot. . . . — — Map (db m20882) HM
Col. Allen tried vainly to rally the retreating Americans at the second Battle of the River Raisin, Jan. 22, 1813. Exhausted and disabled by a thigh wound, he faced the pursuing Indians near here. The colonel desperately defended himself at . . . — — Map (db m20898) HM
In Spring, 1988, as construction began on this
entry to Frenchman's Bend Subdivision, archaeologists unearthed the remains of the house and blacksmith shop of François Deloeuil who located here circa 1789. It was the region's most extensive . . . — — Map (db m169630) HM
Although Dr. Dorsch, born in Bavaria, was a competent physician with degrees from Munich & Vienna, he was exiled when the 1848 Germain Revolution failed. In Monroe his love of freedom led him to make this home a station on the Underground Railroad, . . . — — Map (db m27636) HM
At this location Dr. Heath served humanity as a physician and achieved international fame as a numismatist.
Born in Warsaw, N. Y., he graduated from the University of Michigan Medical School in 1881. He had the distinction of immediately . . . — — Map (db m169842) HM
“If you are cut down in a movement that is designed to save the soul of a nation, then no other death could be more redemptive. We must somehow believe that unearned suffering is redemptive. We must work passionately and indefatigably to bridge . . . — — Map (db m72501) HM
Newspaper history in Monroe has been continuous since 1825 when Edward Ellis, an exceptionally able editor, came west from Buffalo with his press and printing equipment.
Ellis’ pioneer paper was unique for that day, holding itself independent . . . — — Map (db m127982) HM
As delegate from Monroe County to the convention which wrote Michigan's first constitution in 1835, Mr. Ellis won credit for the clause which earmarks penal fines for the support of libraries. It is this clause which has brought efficient rural . . . — — Map (db m171067) HM
First land for Sterling State Park was acquired in 1935 as a gift from Monroe Piers Land Company and was named in honor of Wm. C. Sterling, prominent Monroe citizen and first Commodore of the Monroe Yacht Club organized in 1887.
Monroe . . . — — Map (db m200984) HM
Over this ground, Jan. 18, 1813, 667 Kentuckians and nearly 100 local Frenchmen charged across the frozen river toward the British and Indian positions. The 63 British and Canadian soldiers and 200 Potawatomi Indians made a brief stand there, then . . . — — Map (db m27660) HM
Here in the log house of Jean Baptiste Jereaume the Federal Court of the Erie District, Territory of Michigan, held its first session July 3, 1805. President Thomas Jefferson named Judge Augustus B. Woodward to preside.
Beginning in 1807 the . . . — — Map (db m20909) HM
This Church, the first Protestant Church in this area and the first Presbyterian Church in Michigan, was organized January 13, 1820. “Minuteman” George Alford, of the Revolutionary War, was one of the charter members.
The Rev. . . . — — Map (db m127983) HM
The French settled here 1780-1795 in long, narrow farms along the River Raisin and Swan Creek. The Americans wrested the territory from the British in 1796 as part of Wayne County, its status until 1805.
When reorganized again in 1827, the . . . — — Map (db m170421) HM
Born Dec. 5, 1839, New Rumley, Ohio.
Graduated U.S. Military Academy, June 1861.
Brigadier General Volunteers June 29, 1863.
Brevet Major General Volunteers Oct., 1864.
Commanded Michigan Brigade of cavalry at Battle of . . . — — Map (db m20878) HM
George Armstrong Custer was born on December 5, 1839 in New Rumley,
Ohio. He was a graduate of West Point and the youngest general in
the union army at the time of his promotion to brigadier general at age 23.
General Custer was a nationally . . . — — Map (db m201534) HM
[Side A]:George Armstrong Custer
Raised in Monroe, George Armstrong Custer graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1861. In 1863 he became a brigadier general and commanded the Michigan Cavalry Brigade. . . . — — Map (db m22787) HM
From the earliest days of Michigan settlement this corner has witnessed travel of many sorts signaling important events in the history of Michigan.
East lies Monroe’s port on Lake Erie where waves of immigrant traffic came from New England . . . — — Map (db m127984) HM
“Remember the River Raisin” became a national battle cry in the War of 1812 after settlers and Kentucky soldiers were massacred by Indians on the river’s banks in violation of protection promised by the British,
The stream here was . . . — — Map (db m25963) HM
The Monroe County Historical Society began to collect local historical artifacts in 1938, housing them in a storied homestead, the Sawyer House on East Front Street, before presenting them to the Historical Commission established in 1967 by . . . — — Map (db m127646) HM
Sixteen German Lutheran families who settled here at Sandy Creek formed a three-part congregation with Trinity of Monroe and Zoar (later St. Paul's) of Monroetown, Nov. 10, 1844, under the care of Rev. Geo. Wm. Hattstaedt. Services were held in . . . — — Map (db m170793) HM
The Second Battle of the River Raisin Jan. 22, 1813, found nearly 400 American soldiers caught in retreat down this old road to Ohio. Those few who made it to this point, over a mile south of their camp, were ambushed by hidden Indians. The 40 . . . — — Map (db m27294) HM
From Vermont and Connecticut ancestors of J. Sterling Morton migrated to Adams, N.Y., where he was born April 22, 1832. Two years later the Morton family chose Monroe as the city with the best prospects in the West. Sterling's father, Julius Dewey . . . — — Map (db m171077) HM
Named for the Erie Indians, this was the last of the Great Lakes discovered by white men. The French were exploring the upper lakes as early as 1615, but they avoided the region to the south which was the realm of hostile Iroquois Indians. Then in . . . — — Map (db m107150) HM
Commanding Officer 60th Inf. Regiment, 2nd Battallion
F Company, 9th Infantry Division
Highly Decorated WWII Combat Soldier
Medal Of Honor
Silver Star With One Oak Leaf Cluster
Legion Of Merit
Bronze Star Medal With "V” (Valor) Device . . . — — Map (db m201683) WM
German pioneers who began settling this area in 1828 formed Monroe County's first Lutheran church here in 1834. The Rev. Friedrich Schmid became their first pastor, traveling by horseback from Ann Arbor. The growing congregation incorporated as . . . — — Map (db m121795) HM
The 81mm mortar was a crew served, air cooled,
ground forces weapon used primarily in static
positions throughout South Vietnam. It weighs
115 pounds, is capable of firing 35 rounds for
the first minute and 18 rpm after that. It was
fired by . . . — — Map (db m165504) HM
Born in New Rumley, Ohio, George A. Custer grew up in Monroe in the home of his half-sister, Mrs. David Reed. February 9, 1864, in the Presbyterian Church here, he married Libbie Bacon, only daughter of Judge Daniel S. Bacon.
During the Civil . . . — — Map (db m20935) HM
Employees Now Linked in Service Together
Monroe Bank & Trust has provided service
to our communities since 1858.
These efforts were formalized in 1984 into
one comprehensive program: ENLIST.
MBT is proud to dedicate this commemorative . . . — — Map (db m201660) HM
Melvin C. Dye, born May 22, 1947, a resident of Carleton,
Michigan, served his country during the Vietnam War as an
engineer with the 57th Assault Helicopter Company, 52nd Aviation
Battalion of the United States Army. February
19, 1968, the . . . — — Map (db m165506) HM WM
Here were buried unidentified remains of victims of the River Raisin Massacre of 1813.
In 1872 surviving veterans of that war gathered in Monroe from Ohio and Kentucky. They headed a colorful civic pageant which halted solemnly at this spot . . . — — Map (db m21006) HM
Michigan: Historic Crossroads
Because of its location in the heart of the upper Great Lakes, Michigan has been a historic crossroads. Its waterways and trails were favorite routes of Indians many centuries ago. French explorers first entered . . . — — Map (db m100856) HM
This Monument is dedicated to the
Memory of the heroes who
Lost their lives in our country's defense,
Battle and Massacre of the River Raisin,
January 22nd, and 23rd, 1813. — — Map (db m20937) HM
The area of Michigan known as Monroe was one of our state's earliest settled regions. Its location at the mouth of the River Raisin was strategic to both Native Americans and to the first Europeans who . . . — — Map (db m201328) HM
This plaque is issued by the Historical Society of Michigan
in recognition of Monroe Bank and Trust
founded in 1858
for more than 100 years of continuous operation in service
to the people of Michigan and for contributing to the
. . . — — Map (db m127987) HM
Monroe County and the Civil War
During the Civil War years of 1861-1865, Monroe County had approximately 3,000 county residents out of a total population of 21,593 who fought in that conflict and at least 410 of them died while serving in . . . — — Map (db m170068) HM
In memory of
Civil War Fallen
Monroe County Civil War
Medal of Honor recipients
Frederick Ballen • Henry Peters
James Christiancy • Julius Rhodes
Thomas Custer • Charles Sancrainte
Daniel McFall • Peter . . . — — Map (db m170072) WM
In memory of Monroe County's Civil War Fallen 1861-1865
Monroe County Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients
Frederic Ballen •
James Christiancy •
Thomas Custer •
Daniel McFall •
Henry Peters •
Julius Rhodes •
Charles Sancrainte • . . . — — Map (db m201530) WM
In memory of all Korean War Veterans
They told us, "We are going to have peace even if we have to fight for it.” So we fought in the mountains on Heartbreak Ridge and waded ashore at Inchon.
We froze in the winter and baked in the summer . . . — — Map (db m201666) WM
In memory of
Persian Gulf War Veterans
"There is no one more devoted, more committed to the hard work of freedom, than every soldier
and sailor, every Marine, airman and Coast Guardsman - every man and woman now serving in the
Persian Gulf." . . . — — Map (db m201681) WM
Monroe County was established in July, 1817, as one of the first steps in the organization of Michigan Territory after the War of 1812.
Then the old settlement of Frenchtown which centered upon this square took the name of Monroe and became the . . . — — Map (db m27634) HM
This memorial is dedicated in the names of
those Monroe County
residents who gave
their lives, who are missing in action or who
served in the republic
of Vietnam during the
Vietnam War. We will
never allow ourselves
to . . . — — Map (db m165499) WM
"War On Terror"
Lest They Be Forgotten
Marine Pfc. Juan Garza
1983 - 2003 •
Army Pfc. Dennis J. Miller Jr.
1983 - 2004 •
Army Capt. Lowell T Miller II
1970 - 2005 •
Marine Cpl. Gary Koehler
1985 - 2006 . . . — — Map (db m201680) WM
April 6, 1917 - November 11, 1918
Honor - Faith - Valor
Lest we forget
our departed comrades of World War
they gave their lives for you
treat your freedom well
way their sacrifices never before gotten
each torch shown memorial earned . . . — — Map (db m201676) WM
December 7, 1941 - September 2, 1945
Honor - Faith - Valor
Lest we forget
Our departed comrades of World War II
For their and their loved ones sacrifices
rest in God's peace whenever you sleep
honor is theirs who knew the path of honor . . . — — Map (db m201677) WM
Monroe Piers - Southeast Michigan's Resort
One of the most colorful periods of Monroe history is that of the Monroe Piers. With the completion of the canal, piers and lighthouse, the people of Monroe had access to the lakeshore . . . — — Map (db m201015) HM
With the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, Monroe's LaPlaisance Harbor became the gateway to the West. A stream of settlers from Europe and the East crossed Lake Erie in sailing vessels and later in steamships, all seeking new homes in Michigan . . . — — Map (db m202247) HM
A covered toll bridge first spanned this section of the River Raisin in 1819. Destroyed by high water and ice in 1832, the bridge was replaced with a conventional wooden span, which lasted 30 years before being replaced in the late 1860’s.
. . . — — Map (db m72705) HM
Local historians credit Monroe County with the largest proportionate enrollment of volunteers in the Civil War of any county in the United States.
Military enrollments have been proportionately large in Monroe County in every war, due no . . . — — Map (db m127985) HM
Captain Nathaniel G. T. Hart, brother-in-law of Henry Clay and inspector general of American Army of the Northwest under Harrison, was killed here during the massacre of the River Raisin January 22 - 23, 1813.
Captain Hart, wounded in battle, . . . — — Map (db m27260) HM
You are approaching the oldest surviving wooden structure in Michigan. Built in 1789, it was moved from its original Monroe site in 1894. In 1969 its history was discovered. We are exceptionally grateful to the following major contributors for . . . — — Map (db m27317) HM
Norman Jonathan Hall was born March 4, 1837 in Geneva, New York. His family moved to Monroe County when Norman was 12 years old and settled on a 333 acre farm along the River Raisin in east Raisinville. He was appointed to West Point in July 1854, . . . — — Map (db m201536) HM
Although earlier cemeteries which have since disappeared existed at Monroe and Front Streets and Monroe at 6th Street, this sacred ground is the successor to the first parish cemetery established in 1794 and abandoned in 1830. That first cemetery . . . — — Map (db m169753) HM
One of the pioneer rail lines of the west, the Michigan Southern transported during a colorful but brief period a vast army of settlers who crossed Lake Erie by boat. Trains waited at the piers to carry the travelers and their possessions west to . . . — — Map (db m127986) HM
Public whipping for minor crime was a custom brought from New England by Monroe's earliest American settler's. Not general in the midwest, the punishment was administered here chiefly to ne'er-do-wells whom the citizens wished to be rid of. . . . — — Map (db m27726) HM
In 1856 German immigrant Peter Seitz built this house as a residence and stagecoach inn on North Custer plank toll road. Early stagecoaches were pulled by teams of up to four horses. The plank roads were constructed of wooden boards to aid travel . . . — — Map (db m170286) HM
The port of Monroe two miles east of here is one of the oldest on the Great Lakes.
Only port in Michigan on Lake Erie, and located strategically on its most westerly shore, it was a major point of entry for Michigan settlement and for passage of . . . — — Map (db m171059) HM
The chainsaw carved eagle above, carved
by Vietnam veteran, Ken Schalau, was
originally placed here in September 1997
the six foot wing spanned eagle,
restrained by a chain, represents all
POW/MIA's and their families who, even
today, continue . . . — — Map (db m165503) HM
Welcome to the Gabriel Godfroy Sr. and Jean-Baptiste Beaugrand Trading Post along the River Raisin. The Godfroy/Beaugrand trading post,
located in the second largest French settlement within the Michigan Territory was busy all year round. Many . . . — — Map (db m165549) HM
Hubert Lacroix and his wife Archange Jerome were married in October of 1810. Lacroix owned seven ribbon farms west of the main settlement on both sides of the
river. Hubert was elected Captain of the River Raisin Militia and placed in charge of a . . . — — Map (db m165477) HM
Jean-Baptiste Jerome (Gerome) and his wife Marie Michelle Deliel dite Bélanger were busy with the fall harvest in 1812.
While the men cut the wheat by hand and tied it into large French sheaves, the women took over the other farm chores. The
wheat . . . — — Map (db m165481) HM
George McDougal, a wealthy and prominent cousin of Col François Navarre, owned the property occupied by 25-year-old Pierre Jacob
and his mother Magdelaine Godet-Jacob-Leblanc. Unaware of the imminent declaration of war, Magdelaine peacefully stood . . . — — Map (db m165478) HM
Friends and family arrived at the farmstead of Jean (John) Baptiste Couture and his wife Catherine on the cold New Year's Eve of 1812. Guests brought baskets of food and jugs of spirits to celebrate La Saint-Sylvester or Saints Feast Day, ushering . . . — — Map (db m161544) HM
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