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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Monroe, Michigan
Location of Monroe, Michigan
► Monroe County (115) ► Lenawee County (95) ► Washtenaw County (155) ► Wayne County (337) ► Lucas County, Ohio (125)
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|In spring 1937, the eyes of the nation were on Monroe. The Steel Workers Organizing Committee had organized a handful of workers at Republic’s Newton facility. On June 10, about 120 pickets confronted over 1,000 non-unionized workers and . . . — — Map (db m67513) HM|
|"Sky Pilot" was the name given to
the pastors, priests and rabbis
the chaplains of the Vietnam war
C-Ration boxes - stacked in the
manner you see here - were often
used as ad hoc altars for jungle
services. With lives in the balance,
many . . . — — Map (db m165507) WM|
|Here, Francois Navarre, first white settler in Monroe, built his home. His 500 acre farm, acquired by deed from the Indians in 1785, afforded a center for the River Raisin colony, by 1790 an important frontier community.
Col. Navarre was friend . . . — — Map (db m20933) HM|
|In the words of Laurent Durocher, "after the defeat of Winchester, many of the inhabitants fled with their families to the frontier of Ohio. Others went to Detroit. The British made several attempts to persuade the Indians to destroy what was left . . . — — Map (db m20905) HM|
|Attack helicopters came into widespread use in the mid
sixties and chalked up over a million hours in Vietnam.
The AH stands for attack helicopter. The original Cobra
retained the Huey's engine, transmission and other major
parts, but replaced . . . — — Map (db m165494) HM|
|On this property in 1812 was the trading post of John Anderson, famed Scottish pioneer of the River Raisin.
Anderson, Colonel of the Militia in 1812, was taken prisoner at Detroit, later escaped.
Mrs. Anderson, alone at the time of the . . . — — Map (db m27262) HM|
British Artillery on January 22nd consisted of six small cannons, mostly 3-pounders, with some small howitzers. The artillery pieces were first positioned about 400 yards north of here, just south of Mason Run Creek. These were used to good effect . . . — — Map (db m169608) HM|
|The Michigan and Kentucky Societies of the
War of 1812 dedicate this memorial bench
to those who served their country
at the battles of the River Raisin,
January 18th and 22nd. 1813 — — Map (db m165542) WM|
|In Honor of the Battle of River Raisin
Nancy DeGraff Toll
Monroe Chapter NSDAR — — Map (db m165543) WM|
|The Michigan Society Colonial Dames XVII Century
presents this bench to the International Peace Garden to commemorate
the heroic deeds of our ancestors who fought and gave their lives during the
Battle of the River Raisin, War of 1812. — — Map (db m165545) WM|
|Michigan State Society National Society United States Daughters of 1812
Dedicate this Bench Commemorating The Bicentennial of the Battle of the River Raisin and War of 1812 — — Map (db m165548) WM|
|[Marker side facing south]
Describing the American victory of January 18, 1813, Capt. John McCalla of the 5th Kentucky, wrote: "I have seen the enemy, and I have seen him defeated. I have seen my fellow soldiers extended lifeless bloody . . . — — Map (db m20945) HM|
|Gen. George A. Custer's brother, Boston, and his nephew, Harry (Autie) Armstrong Reed, accompanied the ill-fated Little Big Horn Expedition into Montana as civilian Quartermaster employees. While at the rear of the cavalry column they learned Gen. . . . — — Map (db m21001) HM|
|From near this spot on Jan. 22, 1813, 525 British soldiers and Canadian militiamen from Fort Malden under Col. Henry Proctor and some 800 Indians under Chiefs Roundhead and Walk-In-The-Water launched a pre-dawn attack on the sleeping American camp a . . . — — Map (db m27254) HM|
to the memory of
Capt Norman W. Heck Jr
all service personnel
killed in Viet Nam — — Map (db m165500) WM|
|Under attack by the British and Indians before dawn on Jan. 22, 1813, in the second Battle of the River Raisin, the U.S. 17th Infantry soon broke and fled south across the frozen river. Gen. James Winchester, the American commander, tried several . . . — — Map (db m20899) HM|
Grant of land to the
First White Settler
Col. Francis Navarre
First White Child Born
Headquarters 1813. — — Map (db m20938) HM|
|The American Capt. John Woolfolk hid in one of the French homes just east of here during the massacre at the River Raisin, Jan. 23, 1813. Indians searching the settlement found him. They claimed him as their prisoner and forced him to this spot. . . . — — Map (db m20882) HM|
|Col. Allen tried vainly to rally the retreating Americans at the second Battle of the River Raisin, Jan. 22, 1813. Exhausted and disabled by a thigh wound, he faced the pursuing Indians near here. The colonel desperately defended himself at . . . — — Map (db m20898) HM|
|In Spring, 1988, as construction began on this
entry to Frenchman's Bend Subdivision, archaeologists unearthed the remains of the house and blacksmith shop of François Deloeuil who located here circa 1789. It was the region's most extensive . . . — — Map (db m169630) HM|
|Although Dr. Dorsch, born in Bavaria, was a competent physician with degrees from Munich & Vienna, he was exiled when the 1848 Germain Revolution failed. In Monroe his love of freedom led him to make this home a station on the Underground Railroad, . . . — — Map (db m27636) HM|
|At this location Dr. Heath served humanity as a physician and achieved international fame as a numismatist.
Born in Warsaw, N. Y., he graduated from the University of Michigan Medical School in 1881. He had the distinction of immediately . . . — — Map (db m169842) HM|
“If you are cut down in a movement that is designed to save the soul of a nation, then no other death could be more redemptive. We must somehow believe that unearned suffering is redemptive. We must work passionately and indefatigably to . . . — — Map (db m72501) HM|
Newspaper history in Monroe has been continuous since 1825 when Edward Ellis, an exceptionally able editor, came west from Buffalo with his press and printing equipment.
Ellis’ pioneer paper was unique for that day, holding itself independent . . . — — Map (db m127982) HM|
|United States Department of the Interior
Certified Historic Property Old Village Historic District
Reborn 1986 River Raisin Properties
Limited Partnership — — Map (db m128043) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m25964) HM|
|Over this ground, Jan. 18, 1813, 667 Kentuckians and nearly 100 local Frenchmen charged across the frozen river toward the British and Indian positions. The 63 British and Canadian soldiers and 200 Potawatomi Indians made a brief stand there, then . . . — — Map (db m27660) HM|
|Here in the log house of Jean Baptiste Jereaume the Federal Court of the Erie District, Territory of Michigan, held its first session July 3, 1805. President Thomas Jefferson named Judge Augustus B. Woodward to preside.
Beginning in 1807 the . . . — — Map (db m20909) HM|
|Near the site
Monroe — — Map (db m27309) HM|
This Church, the first Protestant Church in this area and the first Presbyterian Church in Michigan, was organized January 13, 1820. “Minuteman” George Alford, of the Revolutionary War, was one of the charter members.
The Rev. . . . — — Map (db m127983) HM|
|The French settled here 1780-1795 in long, narrow farms along the River Raisin and Swan Creek. The Americans wrested the territory from the British in 1796 as part of Wayne County, its status until 1805.
When reorganized again in 1827, the . . . — — Map (db m170421) HM|
|Born Dec. 5, 1839, New Rumley, Ohio.
Graduated U.S. Military Academy, June 1861.
Brigadier General Volunteers June 29, 1863.
Brevet Major General Volunteers Oct., 1864.
Commanded Michigan Brigade of cavalry at Battle of . . . — — Map (db m20878) HM|
|[Side A]:George Armstrong Custer
Raised in Monroe, George Armstrong Custer graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1861. In 1863 he became a brigadier general and commanded the Michigan Cavalry Brigade. . . . — — Map (db m22787) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m165509) WM|
From the earliest days of Michigan settlement this corner has witnessed travel of many sorts signaling important events in the history of Michigan.
East lies Monroe’s port on Lake Erie where waves of immigrant traffic came from New England . . . — — Map (db m127984) HM|
|“Remember the River Raisin” became a national battle cry in the War of 1812 after settlers and Kentucky soldiers were massacred by Indians on the river’s banks in violation of protection promised by the British,
The stream here was . . . — — Map (db m25963) HM|
The Monroe County Historical Society began to collect local historical artifacts in 1938, housing them in a storied homestead, the Sawyer House on East Front Street, before presenting them to the Historical Commission established in 1967 by . . . — — Map (db m127646) HM|
|The Second Battle of the River Raisin Jan. 22, 1813, found nearly 400 American soldiers caught in retreat down this old road to Ohio. Those few who made it to this point, over a mile south of their camp, were ambushed by hidden Indians. The 40 . . . — — Map (db m27294) HM|
|Site of early
Indian Trading Post
By the Women
Of Monroe — — Map (db m27729) HM|
|This ground and the Public Square was granted by
Joseph Loranger in 1817 to the
County of Monroe for public puroses — — Map (db m127989) HM|
|Named for the Erie Indians, this was the last of the Great Lakes discovered by white men. The French were exploring the upper lakes as early as 1615, but they avoided the region to the south, which was the realm of hostile Iroquois Indians. Then in . . . — — Map (db m107150) HM|
|German pioneers who began settling this area in 1828 formed Monroe County's first Lutheran church here in 1834. The Rev. Friedrich Schmid became their first pastor, traveling by horseback from Ann Arbor. The growing congregation incorporated as Zoar . . . — — Map (db m121795) HM|
|The 81mm mortar was a crew served, air cooled,
ground forces weapon used primarily in static
positions throughout South Vietnam. It weighs
115 pounds, is capable of firing 35 rounds for
the first minute and 18 rpm after that. It was
fired by . . . — — Map (db m165504) HM|
|Born in New Rumley, Ohio, George A. Custer grew up in Monroe in the home of his half-sister, Mrs. David Reed. February 9, 1864, in the Presbyterian Church here, he married Libbie Bacon, only daughter of Judge Daniel S. Bacon.
During the Civil . . . — — Map (db m20935) HM|
|Melvin C. Dye, born May 22, 1947, a resident of Carleton,
Michigan, served his country during the Vietnam War as an
engineer with the 57th Assault Helicopter Company, 52nd Aviation
Battalion of the United States Army. February
19, 1968, the . . . — — Map (db m165506) HM WM|
|Here were buried unidentified remains of victims of the River Raisin Massacre of 1813.
In 1872 surviving veterans of that war gathered in Monroe from Ohio and Kentucky. They headed a colorful civic pageant which halted solemnly at this spot . . . — — Map (db m21006) HM|
| Michigan: Historic Crossroads
Because of its location in the heart of the upper Great Lakes, Michigan has been a historic crossroads. Its waterways and trails were favorite routes of Indians many centuries ago. French explorers first entered . . . — — Map (db m100856) HM|
|This Monument is dedicated to the
Memory of the heroes who
Lost their lives in our country's defense,
Battle and Massacre of the River Raisin,
January 22nd, and 23rd, 1813. — — Map (db m20937) HM|
|This plaque is issued by the Historical Society of Michigan
in recognition of Monroe Bank and Trust
founded in 1858
for more than 100 years of continuous operation in service
to the people of Michigan and for contributing to the
. . . — — Map (db m127987) HM|
Monroe County and the Civil War
During the Civil War years of 1861-1865, Monroe County had approximately 3,000 county residents out of a total population of 21,593 who fought in that conflict and at least 410 of them died while serving in . . . — — Map (db m170068) HM|
|In memory of
Civil War Fallen
Monroe County Civil War
Medal of Honor recipients
Frederick Ballen • Henry Peters
James Christiancy • Julius Rhodes
Thomas Custer • Charles Sancrainte
Daniel McFall • Peter . . . — — Map (db m170072) WM|
|Monroe County was established in July, 1817, as one of the first steps in the organization of Michigan Territory after the War of 1812.
Then the old settlement of Frenchtown which centered upon this square took the name of Monroe and became the . . . — — Map (db m27634) HM|
This memorial is dedicated in the names of
those Monroe County
residents who gave
their lives, who are missing in action or who
served in the republic
of Vietnam during the
Vietnam War. We will
never allow ourselves
to . . . — — Map (db m165499) WM|
|This tree is dedicated to the
Monroe County Vietnam Veterans
this 14th day of May, 1987 — — Map (db m165501) WM|
A covered toll bridge first spanned this section of the River Raisin in 1819. Destroyed by high water and ice in 1832, the bridge was replaced with a conventional wooden span, which lasted 30 years before being replaced in the late 1860’s.
. . . — — Map (db m72705) HM|
Local historians credit Monroe County with the largest proportionate enrollment of volunteers in the Civil War of any county in the United States.
Military enrollments have been proportionately large in Monroe County in every war, due no . . . — — Map (db m127985) HM|
|Captain Nathaniel G. T. Hart, brother-in-law of Henry Clay and inspector general of American Army of the Northwest under Harrison, was killed here during the massacre of the River Raisin January 22 - 23, 1813.
Captain Hart, wounded in battle, . . . — — Map (db m27260) HM|
You are approaching the oldest surviving wooden structure in Michigan. Built in 1789, it was moved from its original Monroe site in 1894. In 1969 its history was discovered. We are exceptionally grateful to the following major contributors for . . . — — Map (db m27317) HM|
|Although earlier cemeteries which have since disappeared existed at Monroe and Front Streets and Monroe at 6th Street, this sacred ground is the successor to the first parish cemetery established in 1794 and abandoned in 1830. That first cemetery . . . — — Map (db m169753) HM|
One of the pioneer rail lines of the west, the Michigan Southern transported during a colorful but brief period a vast army of settlers who crossed Lake Erie by boat. Trains waited at the piers to carry the travelers and their possessions west to . . . — — Map (db m127986) HM|
|Public whipping for minor crime was a custom brought from New England by Monroe's earliest American settler's. Not general in the midwest, the punishment was administered here chiefly to ne'er-do-wells whom the citizens wished to be rid of. . . . — — Map (db m27726) HM|
|In 1856 German immigrant Peter Seitz built this house as a residence and stagecoach inn on North Custer plank toll road. Early stagecoaches were pulled by teams of up to four horses. The plank roads were constructed of wooden boards to aid travel . . . — — Map (db m170286) HM|
|The chainsaw carved eagle above, carved
by Vietnam veteran, Ken Schalau, was
originally placed here in September 1997
the six foot wing spanned eagle,
restrained by a chain, represents all
POW/MIA's and their families who, even
today, continue . . . — — Map (db m165503) HM|
|Welcome to the Gabriel Godfroy Sr. and Jean-Baptiste Beaugrand Trading Post along the River Raisin. The Godfroy/Beaugrand trading post,
located in the second largest French settlement within the Michigan Territory was busy all year round. Many . . . — — Map (db m165549) HM|
|Hubert Lacroix and his wife Archange Jerome were married in October of 1810. Lacroix owned seven ribbon farms west of the main settlement on both sides of the
river. Hubert was elected Captain of the River Raisin Militia and placed in charge of a . . . — — Map (db m165477) HM|
|Jean-Baptiste Jerome (Gerome) and his wife Marie Michelle Deliel dite Bélanger were busy with the fall harvest in 1812.
While the men cut the wheat by hand and tied it into large French sheaves, the women took over the other farm chores. The
wheat . . . — — Map (db m165481) HM|
|George McDougal, a wealthy and prominent cousin of Col François Navarre, owned the property occupied by 25-year-old Pierre Jacob
and his mother Magdelaine Godet-Jacob-Leblanc. Unaware of the imminent declaration of war, Magdelaine peacefully stood . . . — — Map (db m165478) HM|
|Friends and family arrived at the farmstead of Jean (John) Baptiste Couture and his wife Catherine on the cold New Year's Eve of 1812. Guests brought baskets of food and jugs of spirits to celebrate La Saint-Sylvester or Saints Feast Day, ushering . . . — — Map (db m161544) HM|
|WHERE the River Raisin winds through the city of Monroe, it once
flowed over six low head dams (2.5'-3') constructed by the Works
Progress Administration in the 1930s. A habitat restoration project
some 80 years later re-established fish passage . . . — — Map (db m165479) HM|
|In the temporary absence of Tecumseh, the Native-American allies of the British were led by Wyandot Chiefs Roundhead and Walk-in-the-Water. Besides the Wyandots, Native forces included warriors from the Shawnee, Potawatomi, Ottawa, Chippewa, . . . — — Map (db m21567) HM|
|Joseph Porlier Benac, Sandy Creek's first settler, was granted a tract of land here by the Potawatomi Indians Aug. 3, 1780. By the time of the War of 1812, sixteen homes lined the banks of the creek.
Retreating Indians swept through the . . . — — Map (db m27245) HM|
Site of Battles of Jan. 18 - 22
Gen. Winchester in Command,
and River Raisin Massacre
Jan. 23, 1813
800 Americans under Cols.
Allen, Lewis and Wells
Fought desperately against . . . — — Map (db m20041) HM|
|In this vicinity and parallel to the driveway, a line of scattered human remains were detected in 2000, which may mark the main skirmish line of the 17th U.S. Infantry. The bodies of those killed lay exposed to the elements for some time after the . . . — — Map (db m20916) HM|
|The oldest public park in Monroe County, Soldiers and Sailors Park was created in 1909 when the half mile long riverfront parcel was purchased by the City of Monroe from the Ilgenfritz family for $700. This came about directly through the efforts of . . . — — Map (db m170067) HM|
|The Reverend Camillus P. Maes organized St. John in 1872 to serve the area's Irish population, which had struggled to form an English-speaking parish over a forty year period. In January 1892 fire destroyed the interior of the first church, erected . . . — — Map (db m169696) HM|
|This church is the immediate successor to the first church of Monroe County, St Antoine aux Riviere Raisin (October 15, 1788), which was located two miles upriver.
Construction of this church was begun in 1834. It was consecrated in 1839. The . . . — — Map (db m67522) HM|
|Circuit-riding ministers from Ohio braved swamps, snakes and mosquitos to serve Monroe Methodists as early as 1804. Though these families fled Monroe during the War of 1812, they returned in strength. Their Wesleyan Chapel just south of this church . . . — — Map (db m169757) HM|
|The Great Indian Chief Tecumseh headquartered near here for over a month after the unsuccessful British And Indian siege of Fort Meigs in Ohio, July 1813. The British strategy was to use the Indians at the River Raisin to slow down any American . . . — — Map (db m20914) HM|
|The "Huey” helicopter was the workhorse of the
Vietnam War. Not only did it ferry troops and cargo,
but it was responsible for critical combat extraction
as well as life-saving medivac. This particular machine,
a UH-1M model, served three . . . — — Map (db m165497) HM|
|The opening months of the War of 1812 were disastrous for the isolated
American outposts in the west. Fort Mackinac, on Mackinac Island, had
fallen in the first action of the war. The inhabitants and garrison of Fort
Dearborn, at what is now . . . — — Map (db m165531) HM|
1 Winchester hears of the victory early in the morning of
the 19th. He orders Col. Samuel Wells to lead 312 men
to the River Raisin.
2 Winchester, traveling by sleigh, arrives at Frenchtown
at 2:00 AM on the 20th. He . . . — — Map (db m165532) HM|
1 Mounted Indians from the British right wing take the
rear of the retreating Americans and set an ambush at
2 Flanked by mounted Indians, the scattered groups are
slaughtered, one by one. Of the nearly 400 . . . — — Map (db m165540) HM|
|Protected only by a picket fence, nearly 500 Kentucky militiamen fought off three British charges on their camp along the river and silenced the British cannon with their long rifles in the second Battle of the River Raisin, Jan. 22, 1813.
They . . . — — Map (db m27243) HM|
|The Civic Improvement Society of Monroe was organized in April, 1901, as the result of the work of a few interested women who canvassed the city, explaining their reasons for desiring to unite in a society for the betterment of the community. This . . . — — Map (db m170066) HM|
|This 116 acre "French ribbon farm", purchased by General George Armstrong Custer, his brother, Nevin, and their wives August 22, 1871, ran northerly from the River Raisin. Nevin Custer farmed it until his death. The present Custer Airport, created . . . — — Map (db m22741) HM|
|In 1789, Heutrau Navarre, son of Detroit's Royal Notary, built this house, Michigan's oldest residence. Constructed of joined timbers, it is considered the best example of French colonial architecture in the state. Originally Navarre used it as a . . . — — Map (db m27316) HM|
|"The Old Hull Road"
The American Troops
were driven by the
English & Indian Allies
Jan. 22, 1813 — — Map (db m20880) HM|
There were almost ten thousand enlisted women and women officers
from all military branches who served in Vietnam, they served in
many support staff assignments, hospitals, crewed on medical
evacuation flights, mash units, hospital ships, . . . — — Map (db m165510) WM|
|The Reverend James O'Brien became Monroe's first Episcopal rector in late 1831. Early the next year he and his small congregation began building Trinity Church on what is now Loranger Square. Funds came from Ohio, Pennsylvanian and New York, as well . . . — — Map (db m169697) HM|
|In 1828, German Lutheran families from Baden and Bavaria settled in and around Monroe. Served first by horseback-traveling Pastor Friedrich Schmid, these Lutherans organized a congregation known as Zoar, and several churches, including Trinity, . . . — — Map (db m169761) HM|
|Elements of the U.S. 17th Infantry were camped in an open field just north of here when the British and Indians launched their surprise counterattack at dawn, January 22, 1813. The Americans held their ground here for 20 minutes before the Canadian . . . — — Map (db m20904) HM|
|The sidewalk between the UH-1 Huey
and Cobra helicopters is dedicated
to the courageous pilots, copilots
and crewmen of those aircraft.
Thousands of medivacs performed
under extremely dangerous combat
conditions and the exceptional
firepower . . . — — Map (db m165496) WM|
|This tree is dedicated to the
P.O.W.'s and M.I.A's
from the Vietnam War
this 17th day of May, 1987 — — Map (db m165498) WM|