“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Montgomery, Alabama

Clickable Map of Montgomery County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Montgomery County, AL (386) Autauga County, AL (38) Bullock County, AL (23) Crenshaw County, AL (10) Elmore County, AL (48) Lowndes County, AL (28) Macon County, AL (91) Pike County, AL (41)  MontgomeryCounty(386) Montgomery County (386)  AutaugaCounty(38) Autauga County (38)  BullockCounty(23) Bullock County (23)  CrenshawCounty(10) Crenshaw County (10)  ElmoreCounty(48) Elmore County (48)  LowndesCounty(28) Lowndes County (28)  MaconCounty(91) Macon County (91)  PikeCounty(41) Pike County (41)
Montgomery is the county seat for Montgomery County
Montgomery is in Montgomery County
      Montgomery County (386)  
      Autauga County (38)  
      Bullock County (23)  
      Crenshaw County (10)  
      Elmore County (48)  
      Lowndes County (28)  
      Macon County (91)  
      Pike County (41)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — A Refuge — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The City of St Jude, always a refuge for African Americans, hosted the marchers on the last night of their journey. This religious complex—named for the patron saint of impossible situations—housed a school church and hospital and had a 36-acre . . . Map (db m91481) HM
2 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — A Tale of Two TownsMontgomery, Alabama ~ A City Older Than The State
Following their defeat at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814, the Creek Indians ceded millions of acres to the U.S. government. Within the cession, two rival towns soon sprang up on the south bank of the Alabama River's "Big Bend": New . . . Map (db m143118) HM
3 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Abram Mordecai / Mordecai's Cotton Gin
Side 1 Abram Mordecai 1755-1849 Born October 24, 1755 in Pennsylvania; settled 1783 in Georgia where he became a successful trader among the Cusseta Indians. First U.S. citizen to settle (1785) in what became Montgomery County. . . . Map (db m71357) HM
4 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama Bicentennial Park / Ancient Sea
Alabama Bicentennial Park Alabama Bicentennial Park commemorates Alabama's 200th anniversary of statehood. The park's bronze relief sculptures present sixteen moments from Alabama history, complemented by narratives that provide historical . . . Map (db m182565) HM
5 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama Confederate Monument1861-1865 — Consecrated to the memory of the Confederate Soldiers and Seamen. —
North/Navy Side "The seamen of Confederate fame startled the wondering world: for braver fight was never fought, and fairer flag was never furled." Anon. West/Cavalry Side "The knightliest of the knightly race who since the . . . Map (db m86060) HM
6 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama Highway Patrol
At this location the Alabama Highway Patrol was commissioned by Governor Bibb Graves Jan. 10, 1936Map (db m36638) HM
7 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama River: The Grand Avenue
Twelve miles above Montgomery the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers unite to form the Alabama which meanders over four hundred miles on its way to Mobile Bay. This river has played major role in region's history, being a thoroughfare for Native Americans, . . . Map (db m26591) HM
8 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama State Capitol
Has been desiginated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . Map (db m74156) HM
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9 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama State University / Tatum Street
Side 1 Alabama State University The Early Years Founded in 1867, the Lincoln School in Marion, Alabama became the first state-assisted normal school for African Americans in 1874. The school prospered in that location for 13 . . . Map (db m71345) HM
10 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama State University / Tullibody
Alabama State University. Founded 1866 as the Abraham Lincoln Normal School in Marion, Alabama by nine former slaves. Operated from 1868 until 1874 by the American Missionary Association. The school began to receive state funding in 1874, . . . Map (db m86061) HM
11 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama Territory / Path to Statehood
Alabama Territory In 1817, the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi were both part of one Mississippi Territory. When Congress designated Mississippi as a new state in 1817, it provided that the eastern half of the territory would . . . Map (db m182578) HM
12 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama War Veterans Monument
Dedicated to the gallant war veterans from the State of Alabama whose magnificent valor was shown in all warsMap (db m84305) WM
13 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama's First Capitals / The Alabama State Capitol
Alabama's First Capitals On March 3, 1817, Congress designated the town of St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River north of Mobile as capital of the newly formed Alabama Territory. There in 1818, the territorial legislature named Huntsville as the . . . Map (db m86063) HM
14 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama's First Peoples / Creek Country
Alabama's First Peoples Humans arrived in what is now Alabama near the end of the last Ice Age. Waves of people migrated through the area for centuries before some of them established settlements. Over time, their culture advanced through . . . Map (db m182568) HM
15 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Alabama's Third Century / Alabama Voices
Alabama's Third Century As Alabama looks beyond its bicentennial year, the future holds unprecedented opportunity and familiar challenges. Where coal mines and cotton fields once dominated the landscape, Alabamians devise cutting edge . . . Map (db m182652) HM
16 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Albert L. Patterson
To the memory of Albert L. Patterson, 1896-1954. Soldier, educator, attorney, State Senator, Attorney General-Elect. An honorable life dedicated to his fellow man and to the cause of good government. Shot down by an assassin's bullet June 18, . . . Map (db m221983) HM
17 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — 10 — An Intersection of History: Court Square — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail — Reported missing
At the intersection of Commerce Street and Dexter Avenue, Court Square is arguably the most historic location in America. As the center of 19th century Southern economic and political power, Montgomery's Court Square was host to a massive slave . . . Map (db m91736) HM
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18 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Augusta and the Old Augusta CemeteryCirca 1819
Augusta, home of Old Augusta Cemetery, was built on the site of a former Indian village, “Sawanogi,” on high ground close to the Tallapoosa River. In 1824 a disastrous flood swept over the plateau, invading shops and residences. A year . . . Map (db m68260) HM
19 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Aurelia Eliscera Shines BrowderCivil Rights Pioneer
Side 1 Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder was born January 29, 1919, in Montgomery, Alabama. She graduated with honors in 1956 from Alabama State Teachers College (now Alabama State University). In April 1955, Browder's refusal to give up . . . Map (db m71349) HM
20 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Ben F. Moore(1848-1914)
Ben F. Moore was born enslaved in Alabama in 1848 to Muddy and Hannah Moore. In 1873, he married Mittie Spencer (1852-19??). The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived to adulthood. Moore was a tenant farmer turned carpenter and lived on . . . Map (db m205230) HM
21 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Bernard Whitehurst and the Whitehurst Case / Montgomery: Learning From the Past
Bernard Whitehurst and the Whitehurst Case On December 2, 1975, Bernard Whitehurst was shot to death by a police officer in Montgomery, Alabama. He died behind a house on Holcombe Street, running from police officers who mistakenly believed . . . Map (db m69366) HM
22 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Bertha Pleasant Williams / Rosa Parks Branch Library Reported missing
Bertha Pleasant Williams First black employee of Montgomery library system, Bertha Pleasant Williams received a high school degree in Fairfield, AL in 1939, a degree from Alabama State College (now ASU) in 1943, and, in 1949, a BLS degree . . . Map (db m71388) HM
23 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Bertha Pleasant Williams LibraryRosa L. Parks Avenue Branch
Bertha Pleasant Williams Library Rosa L. Parks Avenue Branch has been placed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage by the Alabama Historical Commission October 25, 2018Map (db m136278) HM
24 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Bethel Missionary Baptist Church
Organized in 1967 as the Second Colored Baptist Church, congregation later changed named to Bethel Missionary Baptist. First building burned in 1908. Rev. E.W. Pickett then conducted services in "Love and Charity Hall" until second structure built . . . Map (db m71089) HM
25 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Beulah Baptist ChurchOrganized 1880
Beulah Baptist Church was organized in the home of Monday and Dora Duvall, on the corner of Hull and Winnie Streets. Rev. William (Billy) Jenkins served as the pastor when the first church building was erected on Norton Street. Beulah served as the . . . Map (db m71377) HM
26 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Bill Traylor(1853-1949)
Bill Traylor was born into an enslaved family on a Dallas County plantation. Around age ten, Traylor and his family were relocated to another plantation in neighboring Lowndes County, where they remained as laborers after Emancipation. Between 1939 . . . Map (db m205231) HM
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27 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Birth of Montgomery Bus BoycottBoycott planned & publicized here at ASU's Councill Hall
Side 1 On Dec. 1, 1955, at Alabama State College (now Alabama State University) in a basement room in Councill Hall, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was planned and publicized after the arrest that day of Rosa Parks, who refused to give up . . . Map (db m91279) HM
28 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Birthplace of Nat "King" Cole
Nat King Cole was a jazz pianist, composer, and singer celebrated as an American popular music artist in the 1940s and 1950s. He was born March 17, 1919 in Montgomery, Alabama as one of five children to Edward James Coles, a minister at Beulah . . . Map (db m71228) HM
29 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — 6 — Black Churches Provide Significant Support for the March and VotingHolt Street under Interstates 65 and 85 — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
As the social and cultural epicenters of Montgomery's black communities in the 1950s and 1960s, black churches also played a political role, providing sanctuary and strength against discrimination On December 5, 1955 following the first day of . . . Map (db m91464) HM
30 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Black Members of the Alabama Legislature Who Served During The Reconstruction Period of 1868-1879
1868-1869: Senate: Benjamin F. Royal, Bullock; House: Benjamin Alexander, Greene; James H. Alston, Macon; Samuel Blandon, Lee; John Carraway, Mobile; George Cox, Montgomery; Thomas H. Diggs, . . . Map (db m46414) HM
31 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Black Members of the Alabama Legislature Who Served During The Reconstruction Period of 1868-1879
1868-1869: Senate: Benjamin F. Royal, Bullock; House: Benjamin Alexander, Greene; James H. Alston, Macon; Samuel Blandon, Lee; John Carraway, Mobile; George Cox, Montgomery; Thomas H. Diggs, . . . Map (db m91290) HM
32 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA / Colonel B.D. Fry at Battle of Gettysburg Reported missing
(side 1) Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA Born Virginia; educated VMI and West Point; fought in Mexico; practiced law in California; married Alabamian whose family owned the Tallassee cotton mill; served as general in . . . Map (db m86065) HM
33 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Burial Site of Royal Air Force Trainee Pilots
Buried here are 78 officers and men of the Royal Air Force who lost their lives whilst training in Montgomery, Alabama during the Second World War. Nearly 1,000 men who died during that war or the First World War when serving with the forces of . . . Map (db m206427) WM
34 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Camellia Designated Alabama State Flower
The Alabama Legislature approved a bill sponsored by Rep. T.E. Martin of Montgomery County in 1927 that designated the Goldenrod the official state flower. It became law on Sept. 6, 1927, the same day that the Yellowhammer became the official . . . Map (db m86066) HM
35 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Camp Sheridan
From Division Headquarters, located at this point from August 1917 to May 1918, was directed the training of the Thirty Seventh Division, National Guard Troops of Ohio, for Service in the World War. The Relief map below indicates the locations . . . Map (db m38899) HM
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36 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Campsite 4Selma to Montgomery Trail
City of St. Jude March 24, 1965 Map (db m117069) HM
37 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Cassimus House
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217247) HM
38 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Charles Oscar Harris Family Home813 Adams Avenue — African American Community Leader —
Side 1 Charles O. Harris was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on August 5, 1852. He attended Oberlin College in Ohio. Later, in 1870, he became one of the first students at Howard University in Washington, D.C. Returning to Alabama during . . . Map (db m155110) HM
39 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Charlie and Lucille TimesCivic Leaders and Civil Rights Activists
Lucille and Charlie (d. 2/7/78) Times were married on February 3, 1939. Shortly after, the Times' joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Mr. Times received several medals and a Commendation for his service in . . . Map (db m81804) HM
40 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Chris’ Hot DogsEstablished In 1917
Greek immigrant Christopher Anastasios Katechis opened Chris’ Hot Dogs on May 1, 1917, at 138 Dexter Avenue. Until the 1960’s, Chris offered curb service for its hot dogs, leading to long lines of cars cued for service. The hot dogs featured Chris’ . . . Map (db m103243) HM
41 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — City of Montgomery / Court Square
City of Montgomery Two small villages, New Philadelphia, founded by Massachusetts lawyer Andrew Dexter in 1817, and East Alabama, established by Georgians led by John Scott in 1818, united in 1819 to form Montgomery, named for Revolutionary hero . . . Map (db m86068) HM
42 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — City of St. Jude/The Selma to Montgomery March
(side 1) City of St. Jude Founded by Father Harold Purcell in the 1930s, the City of St. Jude included church, school, medical facilities, social center and rectory. Its mission was to provide spiritual, educational, social and . . . Map (db m86070) HM
43 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Civil Rights Freedom RidersMay 20, 1961
On May 20, 1961, a group of black and white SNCC members led by John Lewis left Birmingham for Montgomery on a Greyhound bus. They were determined to continue the "Freedom Ride" from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans that had met with violence in . . . Map (db m71256) HM
44 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Civil War - Barnes School / Figh-Pickett House
Civil War-Barnes School In April 1865, the Union Army command made this house its headquarters. Mrs. Pickett hid her silver on an inside ledge of the cupola. Later, former Confederate Generals Hood, Bragg, and Walker visited here. In 1906, . . . Map (db m86072) HM
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45 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Civil War Laurel Oak Tree
This Laurel Oak Tree from Battle Fields of Virginia, 1861-65 Planted by Gov. Thomas G. Jones 1893 Map (db m94932) HM
46 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Civil War Medicine / Montgomery's Confederate Hospitals
Side A During the War Between the States medical knowledge was primitive. As a result, twice as many men died of disease than in battle from wounds. Early in the War, childhood diseases such as measles, mumps and chicken pox decimated entire . . . Map (db m36495) HM
47 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Clay Street Missionary Baptist ChurchEstablished 1912
The church was organized in 1912 under Rev. O. W. Walker and moved from Bell Street to the present location during the same year. The first deacons of the new church were Nathaniel Brown Jr., Willie B. Davis, James Gaston Sr., and Earnest . . . Map (db m223849) HM
48 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Clement Clay "Bo" Torbert, Jr.Twenty-Fifth Chief Justice — 1977-1989 —
A native of Opelika, Alabama, he is the son of Clement C. Torbert and Lynda Meadows Torbert. He was educated in the Opelika public schools. He attended the United States Naval Academy and received his B.S. Degree from Auburn University in 1951. He . . . Map (db m86073) HM
49 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Cleveland Court Apartments Reported missing
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks left work and boarded a downtown bus. Her destination was home, Cleveland Court Apartment No. 634. She didn't make it home that day as she was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white man. This single . . . Map (db m86074) HM
50 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Confederate Military Prison / Civil War Military Prisons
Side 1 Confederate Military Prison Near this site, from mid April to December 1862, a Confederate military prison held, under destitute conditions, 700 Union soldiers, most captured at Shiloh. They were imprisoned in a foul, . . . Map (db m71369) HM
51 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Confederate States of America (CSA) Post Office Department
In February, 1861, delegates from six of the seven seceding southern states met in Montgomery to establish the government of the CSA. Newly elected President Jefferson Davis named J.H. Reagan of Texas as Postmaster General. Reagan established the . . . Map (db m71242) HM
52 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Cotton State / Slavery
Cotton State Alabama's rapid growth depended on cotton cultivation. Statehood coincided with improvement of the cotton gin and increased demand for cotton in British and northern factories. Within thirty years, Alabama was producing 23 . . . Map (db m182595) HM
53 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Court Square Fountain1885
Placed by the City over Artesian Basin and crowned by Hebe, Goddess of Youth and Cup-bearer to the Gods. Fountain was cast by J.L. Mott Iron Works of New York. Restored by Robinson Iron of Alexander City in 1984 during the administration of Mayor . . . Map (db m36501) HM
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54 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Dan Emmett - Score of DixieThe Montgomery Theater Reported permanently removed
On a wall in this building, "The Montgomery Theater" Dan Emmett first inscribed the score of Dixie for his minstrel orchestra. H.F. Arnold arranged it for band music and used it at the inauguration of Jefferson Davis . . . Map (db m36574) HM
55 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Day Street Baptist Church
Organized from Bethel Baptist Church, congregation founded 1882 with Rev. George Casby as first minister. Originally met in frame building; fund-raising began for this edifice in 1906. Designed by Wallace Rayfield, Tuskegee Institute architect and . . . Map (db m71081) HM
56 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Decorative Lions Heads1907-1978
These decorative terra cotta lions heads, typical of the ornamentation used in commercial style architecture in the early part of the 20th century, were utilized by the First National Bank of Montgomery on the cornice of their 12 story building . . . Map (db m36646) HM
57 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Dexter AvenueFormerly Market Street
This street was named to honor Andrew Dexter one of the founders of Montgomery Along this street moved the inaugural parade of Jefferson Davis when he took the oath of office as President of the Confederate States of America February 18, 1861 . . . Map (db m36589) HM
58 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist ChurchOrganized 1877
The second black Baptist Church in Montgomery. First pastor was Rev. C. O. Boothe. Present structure built 1885. Designed by Pelham J. Anderson; built by William Watkins, a member of the congregation. Many prominent black citizens of Montgomery . . . Map (db m25128) HM
59 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Dr. J. Marion Sims
This tablet marks the site of the office and infirmary of DR. J. MARION SIMS Here, in 1845, he performed the first closure of a vesico-vaginal fistula with wire suture, using a pewter spoon as speculum. This operation made him famous throughout the . . . Map (db m36576) HM
60 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Elijah Cook / City of Montgomery v. Rosa Parks
Elijah Cook Educator, Businessman, Lawmaker Born a slave in Wetumpka in 1833, Elijah Cook became a leader in Montgomery’s African American community. Credited with helping to establish the city’s first school for blacks in the basement . . . Map (db m69222) HM
61 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Emancipation / Reconstruction
Emancipation The end of the Civil War in April 1865 and ratification of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution meant the end of enslavement for approximately four hundred thousand black Alabamians. Freedmen embraced emancipation by . . . Map (db m182603) HM
62 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Encanchata
Here at the Indian village of Encanchata, future site of Montgomery, Col. John Tate, last British agent to the Muscogee Nation, recruited and drilled Creek warriors in 1780 to relieve Tories in Augusta, Ga. being besieged by American patriots.Map (db m71373) HM
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63 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Ernest C. “Sonny” HornsbyTwenty-Sixth Chief Justice — 1989-1995 —
Born in Montgomery, Alabama, he is the son of Ernest Arnold Hornsby and Kate Clayton Hornsby. A 1955 graduate of Tallassee High School, he received his B.A. Degree from Auburn University and his Juris Doctor Degree from the University of Alabama . . . Map (db m69338) HM
64 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Europeans Along the Alabama River
1540 expedition of Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was first to penetrate Alabama interior. After advancing down Coosa Valley these adventurers camped nearby at Towasa (TO THE WEST) and then followed river on its southern course. In 1702. . . . Map (db m224812) HM
65 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Fallen Vietnam War Heroes of Montgomery County
In honor of the fallen heroes of Montgomery County who gave their lives in the Vietnam War Arrington, Samuel W., Jr. • Deas, Charles Milton • Johnson, Curtis • Rogers William T., IV Baldwin, Larry Glenn • Deichelmann, Samuel M. • Keefe, . . . Map (db m90864) WM
66 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — First Baptist Church(Brick-A-Day Church)
Organized in 1866, this pioneering congregation grew out of First Baptist Church, now on Perry Street, where early parishioners had worshipped as slaves. The first building, facing Columbus Street, was erected in 1867. Nathan Ashby served as first . . . Map (db m36499) HM
67 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — First Baptist Church
Side 1: Founded November 29, 1829, with four charter members. English-born Lee Compere, a missionary to the Creek Indians, was the first pastor. Services initially were held monthly in a building shared by other denominations. In 1833, the . . . Map (db m71251) HM
68 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — First National Confederate Flag("Stars and Bars")
The "Stars and Bars," designed by Nicola Marshall of Marion, Alabama, was adopted by the flag selection committee of the Provisional Confederate Congress at Montgomery and raised over the capitol building on March 4, 1861. Its similarity to the . . . Map (db m69314) HM
69 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — First White House of the Confederacy
Designated Executive Residence by the Provisional Confederate Congress February 21, 1861. President Jefferson Davis and his family lived here until the Confederate Capital moved to Richmond summer 1861. Built by William Sayre 1832-35 at Bibb . . . Map (db m7581) HM
70 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Flame of Freedom
Honoring Alabama * War * Veterans Erected in commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the American Legion Department of Alabama March 15,1969Map (db m69308) WM
71 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — 7 — Four Points: One of Several Black Business Hubs in MontgomeryCorner of Mildred and Mobile Streets — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
Four Points: One of Several Black Business Hubs in Montgomery, and the Impact of Desegregation on Black Business Districts The intersection of Mildred and Moore Streets was once home to Four Points, a thriving black business . . . Map (db m91462) HM
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72 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Fred David GrayCivil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Side 1 Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." . . . Map (db m80842) HM
73 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — 4 — From Bus Boycott to Voting Rights: Community Activism 1955-65West Jefferson Davis near Loveless School — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The foundation of the civil rights movement was based in the grassroots strength of West Montgomery. The historic black communities located along this route provided the leadership and support for over a decade. Whether it was the clergymen, the . . . Map (db m91466) HM
74 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — General Charles Graham Boyd
This historical marker is given in honor of General Charles Graham Boyd and the other brave Americans, living and dead, who as prisoners of war, at times enduring the most brutal treatment imaginable, loved their country and kept . . . Map (db m81751) HM
75 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — General Richard Montgomery Statue
The town of Montgomery, formed on December 3, 1819, through the joining of New Philadelphia and East Alabama, is named for Major General Richard Montgomery, who was the first American general officer killed in America's war for independence. Richard . . . Map (db m142117) HM
76 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — George Washington1776 - 1976
Presented to the citizens of the State of Alabama honoring our brother George Washington our first Masonic President and in commemoration of 200 years of freedom under our constitutional form of government.Map (db m36644) HM
77 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Georgia GilmoreFebruary 5, 1920 - March 3, 1990
Georgia Gilmore, cited as a “solid energetic boycott participant and supporter.” Lived in this house during the days of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Once arrested on a bus, Gilmore was ardent in her efforts to raise funds for the Movement . . . Map (db m28197) HM
78 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Globalization / 21st Century Economy
Globalization The late 20th century introduced to Alabama a new era of international connections Statewide opportunities in higher education engineering jobs in Huntsville and healthcare innovation in Birmingham attracted immigrants and . . . Map (db m182648) HM
79 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Governor Jones House
Thomas Goode Jones, governor of Alabama from 1890-1894, occupied this house during his long political career which took him from the Montgomery City Council to a federal judgeship. During his two terms as governor, his home was the Executive Mansion . . . Map (db m36585) HM
80 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Governor Shorter House503 S. Lawrence St.
Residence of Civil War Governor John Gill Shorter, 1861-63. A strong supporter of Confederacy, Shorter built up defenses of state during war. Growing "Peace Movement" led to his defeat for re-election 1863. House acquired by Jacob Greil 1878. . . . Map (db m74386) HM
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81 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Governor William Calvin Oates / Colonel W. C. Oates, CSA at Gettysburg
(Side 1) Governor William Calvin Oates Born in Pike County into a poor Alabama family in 1835, Oates practiced law in Abbeville when the War began. Elected Captain of the "Henry Pioneers," Co. G, 15th Alabama Infantry. He saw . . . Map (db m86116) HM
82 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Great Depression / New Deal
Great Depression The U.S. economy collapsed in late 1929, triggering a national crisis. Alabama's rural residents had weathered hardship for decades. Now urban workers and professionals also faced economic ruin. Businesses closed, factories . . . Map (db m182629) HM
83 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Great Seal of the Confederacy
The Stars and Bars Designed by Nicola Marschall of Marion, Ala., and recommended by "The Committee On A Proper flag for the Confederate States of America". It was unfurled over the Capitol in Montgomery on March 4. 1861, while the . . . Map (db m224816) HM
84 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Hale Infirmary / The Lynching of Willie Temple
Hale Infirmary On this site for nearly seven decades stood Hale Infirmary. It was among 25 hospitals in Alabama, and the first in Montgomery, established during the Black Hospital Movement, an effort to overcome healthcare inequities for . . . Map (db m240686) HM
85 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Hall Street Baptist ChurchMontgomery County
In 1903, forty community members organized Hall Street Baptist Church. Rev. James Brannon served as the first pastor. The church played an integral role in Centennial Hill's history and culture and shone as a beacon for those fighting for Civil . . . Map (db m158668) HM
86 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Harris House
Front Between May 20-24, 1961 Dr. Harris opened this home to a group of 33 students from Nashville, Tennessee, who were challenging interstate bus segregation. Known as the Freedom Riders, the group was attacked at the historic Montgomery . . . Map (db m86119) HM
87 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Here Stood Mrs. Rosa ParksMother of the Civil Rights Movement
Commemorating the centennial Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated Here stood Mrs. Rosa Parks Mother of the Civil Rights Movement and honorary member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. where she boarded the Montgomery . . . Map (db m85986) HM
88 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Heroes' Welcome — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The ranks of marchers swelled enormously by the last leg of the trip on Wednesday, March 24, 1965. By the time they arrived at the last campsite, only two miles from the city limits at the Saint Jude complex, they were 10,000 strong. Dirty and . . . Map (db m91482) HM
89 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — High Red Bluff(Chunnanugga Chatty in Creek Indian Language)
Also called Hostile Bluff or Thirteen Mile Bluff, this spot located in a deep bend of the Alabama River was once the key to the Southeast and a strategic point in Colonial days. The first steamboat, the Harriet, arrived at this point in 1821, and . . . Map (db m86120) HM
90 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — 5 — Highway Construction Destroys Historic Black NeighborhoodsThe Cloverleaf beneath Interstates 65 and 85 — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorized the construction of 41,000 miles of the Interstate Highway System over a ten year period - the largest public works project in American history to . . . Map (db m210249) HM
91 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Historic Chappell HouseCirca 1850 Reported permanently removed
One of Montgomery's last pre-Civil War cottages, this structure occupies the site of General John Scott's 1817 pioneer settlement, "Alabama Town." The columned entrance stoop shows how the Greek Revival style influenced smaller houses as well . . . Map (db m95139) HM
92 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Historic Sites Near Fairview Environmental Park
Role of MIA The Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was founded on December 5, 1955, to implement the 382-day Montgomery Bus Boycott that jumpstarted the 20th-century Civil Rights Movement. The MIA, as its name suggests, remains dedicated . . . Map (db m129484) HM
93 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — History of the Alabama State Bar
On December 13, 1878, a meeting was held in Montgomery for the purpose of forming a bar association, and on January 15, 1879, delegates from each county met for five days at a preliminary conference in the Hall of the House of Representatives. The . . . Map (db m86121) HM
94 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Holt Street Baptist Church
Congregation founded by former members of Bethel Baptist Church in 1909. Under leadership of Rev. I.S. Fountain, group met for four years in Labor's Hall, corner of Cobb and Mobile Streets, before purchasing this site and constructing church in . . . Map (db m71086) HM
95 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Home of Dr. E. D. Nixon, Sr.20th Century Civil Rights Activist
Nationally recognized as a pioneer of the modern day Civil Rights Movement, Edgar D. Nixon, Sr., posted bail for segregation law violator Rosa Parks. In her defense, Nixon gathered the support of Montgomery blacks in implementing the successful . . . Map (db m81801) HM
96 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Home of Ralph David Abernathy(March 11, 1926-April 30, 1990)
This was the home of Dr. Ralph David Abernathy, a central leader of the historic events of the Civil Rights Movement. Dr. Abernathy graduated from Alabama State University in 1950 and from Atlanta University in 1951. He and his family lived . . . Map (db m71232) HM
97 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — House of the Mayors
Built in the 1850's for Jack Thorington, mayor of Montgomery from 1838-39, this House has also been the home of Mordecai Moses, mayor in the late 1870's, and Joseph Norwood who had been mayor of Fort Deposit before coming to Montgomery. Moses owned . . . Map (db m71226) HM
98 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Howell Thomas HeflinTwenty-Forth Chief Justice — 1971-1977 —
A native of Tuscumbia, he was the son of Reverend Marvin R. Heflin and Louise D. Strudwick Heflin. He was a graduate of Colbert County High School, Birmingham Southern College, and the University of Alabama School of Law. He was a past President of . . . Map (db m69336) HM
99 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Hugh A. Carson(1847-1912)
Born enslaved in North Carolina on July 27, 1847. Hugh A. Carson likely came to Alabama after the Civil War. He married Eliza Stewart (1854-1939) in 1873. The couple had six children. Near the end of the Reconstruction era, Carson entered the . . . Map (db m205228) HM
100 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Industrialization / Iron Boom
Industrialization In the 1870s, Alabama began a lengthy period of industrial development led by railroad expansion, lumber production, textile manufacturing, coal mining, and ironmaking. The growth made Alabama the most industrialized state . . . Map (db m182606) HM

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Apr. 19, 2024