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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Mount Vernon, Virginia
Location of Mount Vernon, Virginia
► Fairfax County (487) ► Alexandria (298) ► Arlington County (373) ► Fairfax (39) ► Falls Church (50) ► Loudoun County (275) ► Prince William County (622) ► Washington, D.C. (1972) ► Charles County, Maryland (142) ► Montgomery County, Maryland (523) ► Prince George's County, Maryland (524)
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|Rivers were like highways in Washington's time and having access to the water connected Mount Vernon to the outside world. Riverfront activities were a part of daily life and ranged from shipping and receiving goods, such as tobacco, fish, flour, . . . — — Map (db m148150) HM|
|A group of Virginia Indians referred to as the Doeg (but also Dogue, Taux, and other names) occupied villages and settlements along the Potomac and Occoquan Rivers by 1607. They included Tauxenent, near the mouth of the Occoquan River, Namasingakent . . . — — Map (db m32063) HM|
|"The whole shore in short is one entire fishery."
-George Washington to Arthur Young, 1793
Mount Vernon's proximity to the Potomac River provided George Washington with access to vast quantities of fish. In one season alone, more than . . . — — Map (db m148057) HM|
|In the 18th century, George Washington's Mount Vernon property included Dogue Run Farm, Muddy Hole Farm, River Farm, Union Farm, and Mansion House Farm, where you are now. As the map illustrates, more than half of this 8,000-acre property was native . . . — — Map (db m148093) HM|
|In 1771, George Washington replaced a deteriorated gristmill that his father, Augustine, may have erected as early as the 1730s. The new mil ground grain from Mount Vernon and neighboring farms, and was outfitted with two pairs of millstones. In . . . — — Map (db m32060) HM|
|In 18th-century America, riverside property was considered prime real estate, allowing owners to take advantage of transportation and trade opportunities. Located on the banks of the Potomac River, the wharf was an incredibly important part of . . . — — Map (db m147903) HM|
Home of George and Martha Washington
"No estate in United America is more pleasantly situated than this. It lyes [sic] in a high, dry country 300 miles by water from the Sea and…on one of the finest Rivers in the . . . — — Map (db m147909) HM|
|Buried at Mount Vernon from 1760 to 1860. Their unidentified graves surround this spot. — — Map (db m7849) HM|
|“A glass of wine and a bit of mutton are always ready, and such as will be content to partake of them are always welcome”
George Washington, letter to George William Fairfax, June 26, 1786.
The original kitchen was built in . . . — — Map (db m112649) HM|
|George Washington acquired Mount Vernon in 1754. Over a period of 30 years, he transformed the simple farmhouse into a mansion embellished with rusticated wood siding, a cupola, and a portico overlooking the Potomac River. Every aspect of the . . . — — Map (db m61098) HM|
| In Memory of the Afro Americans
who served as slaves at Mount Vernon
This monument marking their burial ground — — Map (db m14170) HM|
|This marker commemorates the establishment of the Purple Heart decoration by General George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, on August 8, 1782.
The Purple Heart Trail memorializes those patriots who were awarded the . . . — — Map (db m14173) HM|
|Dedicated in 1932, the Mount Vernon Memorial Highway was created to honor George Washington’s 200th birthday. This scenic parkway connected Mount Vernon to the recently dedicated Arlington Memorial Bridge. As the ﬁrst modern motorway built by . . . — — Map (db m93157) HM|
|Samuel Powel, mayor of Philadelphia and good friend of the Washingtons, owned the handsome coach made by Clark Brothers, well known Philadelphia carriage makers who also built a small coach, or chariot for the Washingtons. A chariot accommodates two . . . — — Map (db m93618) HM|
George Washington recognized and celebrated the beauty of the Potomac River and its connection to his life here, once describing it in a 1793 letter to Arthur Young as "one of the finest Rivers in the world."
When discussing his . . . — — Map (db m148148) HM|
| There are no records that document the number of enslaved or free African-Americans who are buried in this cemetery. From oral histories and a handful of early 19th-century visitor accounts, estimates range from 100-150 people. Among those . . . — — Map (db m112650) HM|
|In 1929, the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association placed a marker noting the location of the slave cemetery, believed to be the first commemoration of its kind at a historic site. Despite this recognition, the burial ground lay unattended for decades, . . . — — Map (db m112855) HM|
“It is my Will and desire that all the Slaves which I hold in my own right shall receive their freedom.”
George Washington in his will, 1799
Of the 316 slaves at Mount Vernon in 1799, most lived and worked on the four . . . — — Map (db m93616) HM|
|In 1799, this estate was home to a community of 317 enslaved men, women, and children who had no choice but to live here. Most of these enslaved people lived and worked on the four outlying farms as rural laborers. About one quarter of the . . . — — Map (db m112852) HM|
|The Mount Vernon Memorial Highway was authorized by Congress May 23, 1928 as an activity of the United States Commission for the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of George Washington The highway was designed and . . . — — Map (db m15596) HM|
| ”The family vault at Mount Vernon requiring repairs and being improperly situated besides, I desire that a new one of Brick, and upon a larger Scale, may be built at the foot of what is commonly called the Vineyard Inclosure …” . . . — — Map (db m13146) HM|
|The Potomac River meanders over 383 miles from Fairfax Stone, West Virginia, to Point Lookout, Maryland, where it flows into the Chesapeake Bay. The watershed of the Potomac River stretches across: Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, . . . — — Map (db m148154) HM|
|On August 14, 1781, Generals Washington and Rochambeau received news that a large French fleet under the command of Admiral de Grasse was headed for the Chesapeake Bay carrying 3,000 French soldiers. There the British general, Cornwallis, was . . . — — Map (db m902) HM|
|Erected 1830-31 Site & materials specified in Washington’s Will — — Map (db m135992) HM|
|While its location on the Potomac was usually a blessing—both for its beautiful views and commercial opportunities—Mount Vernon's safety was threatened by activities on the river during times of war.
American Revolution . . . — — Map (db m147908) HM|
|General Washington, in 1781, rode 60 miles in one day from Baltimore to Mount Vernon, which he had not visited for over 6 years. General Rochambeau arrived next day with his and Washington’s staff. They spent Sept. 10 and 11 at Mount Vernon before . . . — — Map (db m883) HM|
|George Washington had several horse-drawn vehicles. Slaves, including Joe, a driver, and Jack, a wagoner, took care of the Mount Vernon vehicles. Travel during the 18th century was difficult. Poorly maintained roads meant that even short journeys . . . — — Map (db m112850) HM|
|George Washington made Mount Vernon his home from 1754 until his death in 1799. He enlarged the house and expanded his estate from 2,100 to 8,000 and he experimented with dozens of crops, ornamental plants, and trees. Today visitors of Mount Vernon . . . — — Map (db m93617) HM|
|Originally part of the Mount Vernon estate, Woodlawn was built in 1800-1805. George Washington gave the plantation, as a wedding gift to Eleanor Parke "Nelly" Custis and her husband, Lawrence Lewis, respectively Martha Washington's granddaughter and . . . — — Map (db m32057) HM|