The date was February 23, 1836, and the situation for Texas was desperate. Santa Anna with about 6,000 troops was on the march towards the Alamo with the intent of smashing the small, poorly-organized, and ill-equipped army of Texans along with . . . — — Map (db m29822) HM
This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the first president of Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College. In 1917 the state created an "East Texas Normal" and selected Nacogdoches as its location. The State Board of Regents selected East Texas . . . — — Map (db m29970) HM
Born near Elkhart in Anderson County, Alton W. Birdwell was reared in the Piney Woods of East Texas. His early education was provided through home schooling; he earned money for later study by hand-molding clay bricks and hewing railroad ties. . . . — — Map (db m221341) HM
Mound Street got its name in the 18th century from mounds which lined it from Main to King Street. These were built by prehistoric Indians. Only this one remains. Pottery from a demolished mound that measured 150 by 75 feet is preserved in Old Stone . . . — — Map (db m21252) HM
At contact, Europeans found that Native American communities and regions were connected by trails. The major trail in Texas was known to its' colonizers as the Camino de los Tejas. This road, also known as Camino de Arriba and El Camino Real and . . . — — Map (db m156886) HM
Angelina (Angelica) was a woman of the Hasinai Caddo (Tejas) nation who grew up in Monclova, Coahuila and at the Spanish Presidio San Juan Bautista south of the Rio Grande. According to European accounts, she was baptized a Catholic and learned to . . . — — Map (db m170844) HM
Born in 1729 in Los Adaes Province of Texas
Died in 1809 at La Lucana, his ranch on the Attoyac Bayou
Lieutenant Governor of the Pueblo Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Nacogdoches Captain of Militia - Chief Justice Judge of Contraband . . . — — Map (db m211118) HM
Efforts by Texas Legislators in 1917 to improve the quality of public education in Texas resulted in provisions to establish colleges in East Texas and South Texas. Nacogdoches was chosen over 27 other towns to become home to the new East Texas . . . — — Map (db m221305) HM
Armed with nothing more than shotguns and various types of hunting weapons, the national militia of Nacogdoches, aided by militias from Ayres, Teneha, Sabine, Bevil, Settlement, and San Augustine, fired the opening guns of the Texas Revolution . . . — — Map (db m29460) HM
One of the opening actions of the Texas War for Independence, this battle occurred soon after settlers drove out the Mexican garrisons at Anahuac and Velasco. In 1832 Col. Jose de las Piedras, in command of over 300 soldiers here, ordered the . . . — — Map (db m175896) HM
Captain Domingo Ramon (d. 1723) was the son of Captain Diego Ramon (d. 1724), the commandant of the Presidio San Juan Bautista (Presidio del Rio Grande). In 1715, the Spanish authorities appointed Domingo Ramon to establish a presidio and four . . . — — Map (db m170839) HM
Land commissioner of East
Texas, 1833. A signer of
the Texas Declaration of
Independence, 1836. Chief
Justice of Nacogdoches
County, 1837. District
Attorney, 1839. Rio Grande
land commissioner, 1854.
Born in London, England . . . — — Map (db m27210) HM
Built in 1897, by Charles Hoya (1848-1926), son of Prussian immigrant Joseph T. Van Der Hoya, and long-time Nacgodoches County surveyor. Designed by Houston architect Frank E. Rue in Victorian style with the Gothic revival details, this was the . . . — — Map (db m27708) HM
Church Street is one of the first named streets in Nacogdoches. Although the original land grant from the Mexican Government in this are to Jose Ygnacio Y'Barbo forbade the sale of the land to a church or religious organization, after Texas . . . — — Map (db m211125) HM
Nacogdoches owes much of its visible past to the work of master architect Diedrich Anton Wilhelm Rulfs. By 1897 according to the local newspaper editor, Rulfs had transformed the business district of Nacogdoches from a collection of pioneer-like . . . — — Map (db m210994) HM
Nacogdoches owes much of its visible past to the work of master architect Diedrich Anton Wilhelm Rulfs. By 1897 according to the local newspaper editor, Rulfs had transformed the business district of Nacogdoches from a collection of pioneer-like . . . — — Map (db m211124) HM
Master architect Diedrich Rulfs was born in 1848 in Stollham in the German Province of Oldenburg to Helene (Stindt) and Gerhard Rulfs; his father was a carpenter. After Diedrich married Johanne Emilie Böschen in 1873, he became an apprentice in the . . . — — Map (db m171024) HM
Dr. Robert Anderson Irion
Born in Paris Tenn., July 7, 1806
Died at Nacogdoches Tex., Mar. 2, 1861
Married Anna Raquet Mar. 20, 1840
Born in Philadelphia Pa. Jan. 25, 1819
Died at Overton Tex. Nov. 7, 1883
Senator in the First Congress . . . — — Map (db m170930) HM
The family of Andres de Acosta, who settled in Nacogdoches in 1779, owned this property as early as 1809. Acosta sold the property, which included a house to Joseph Durst (1789-1843) in 1827. Durst, who was alcalde of Nacogdoches when he bought the . . . — — Map (db m30421) HM
March 2―Texas Independence Day in 1836―was the birthday of Sam Houston in 1783 and of Eva Helena Eugenia Sterne in 1829. On October 25, 1841, Republic of Texas President Sam Houston presented the land of this present-day Eugenia Sterne . . . — — Map (db m29841) HM
According to tradition, a small group of Nacogdoches-Area Methodists came together before 1860 to organize a church, which they named Pine Grove. In the late 1870s, congregation members moved their small log building to a site in front of this . . . — — Map (db m210983) HM
In 1884, the Baptist General Association of Texas sent Luther Rice Scruggs to start Baptist work in Nacogdoches, which was beginning to grow following the 1883 construction of the Houston, East and West Texas Railroad through the town. Before this, . . . — — Map (db m221467) HM
In the 1880s Nacogdoches was beginning to replace its wooden commercial structures with brick buildings. The wooden mercantile structure which was standing on this lot belonged to Asa Moore and as late as 1887-88 had served as the temporary home of . . . — — Map (db m211028) HM
At least one Methodist sermon was preached in Nacogdoches before 1821, according to tradition. After religious freedom was established by the Republic of Texas, Missionary Littleton Fowler (1803-1846) preached here on Oct. 16,1837, and soon founded . . . — — Map (db m27691) HM
Missionaries of the Franciscan order played an integral role in the administration of Spanish activities throughout Tejas (East Texas). In 1690, Father Damian Massanet (Mazanet) and Captain Alonso de Leon led an entrada to Tejas, and erected the . . . — — Map (db m170850) HM
This is the site of the first house in Texas owned by Sam Houston. The building was built in 1891 according to tax records. It was used as a hotel with furnished rooms beginning in 1910. It was officially shown as the Liberty Hotel with 75 rooms for . . . — — Map (db m28256) HM
In 1719, Jose de Azlor y Virto de Vera, the Marquis de San Miguel de Aguayo (d. 1734), replaced Martin de Alarcon as Governor of Texas. His appointment coincided with war between Spain and France which prompted Aguayo to send an expedition to East . . . — — Map (db m170843) HM
Don Martin de Alarcon rose to the position of Governor of Texas in 1716. As governor he aimed to establish a secure presidio along the San Antonio River for the movement of goods to frontier missions and settlements. Despite the imperative nature of . . . — — Map (db m170842) HM
Leader of the
Fredonian Rebellion, 1826-27
Sent to the United States
to raise funds for
the Texas Revolution, 1836
A leader in the development
of a nation.
Born in Virginia
August 12, 1771
Died August 14, 1849 . . . — — Map (db m27412) HM
James Norvel Pitts, a native of Perry County, Mississippi, arrived in Texas in the 1870s. In 1877, his wife Laney (Odom), their son James, and families of five Pitts brothers and other friends from Mississippi traveled by wagon to join him in this . . . — — Map (db m210889) HM
A pioneer citizen of Nacogdoches. Born in Cologne, Germany, April 5, 1801. Alcalde at Nacogdoches under the Mexican Government, member of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. Died March 27, 1859. Buried in Nacogdoches. Here General Sam Houston . . . — — Map (db m29575) HM
A Member of Nolan's Expedition in 1800 • Captured and Imprisoned in Mexico • Soldier in the Mexican Struggle for Independence • Commandant at Fort Teran, 1831; at Nacogdoches, 1832-1835 • Erected in 1829 in the Vicinity of A Sawmill Owned by . . . — — Map (db m210981) HM
A native of Virginia, came to Texas in 1826.
An active participant in the struggle for Texas Independence. One of the leaders in Battle of Nacogdoches. Delegate to Consultation, November 3, 1835. Commanded the Nacogdoches Company in storming of . . . — — Map (db m29705) HM
In November 1885, eight years after the dedication of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Rev. Bishop N.A. Gallagher received five acres of land for a new church and cemetery in the Moral community. The church was built and Sister Josephine . . . — — Map (db m210873) HM
PFC Buford died February 22, 2007 of injuries suffered when an improvised explosive device detonated near his Humvee during combat operations in Ramadi, Al Anbar Province Iraq, on February 22, 2007. He and his team were responding to an assistance . . . — — Map (db m211281) WM
New York native George Francis Ingraham (1842-1920) settled in Nacogdoches in 1860. He married Martha Thompson Cooper in 1866 and became an attorney in 1873. Ingraham served as county judge, county treasurer, and state representative. He built this . . . — — Map (db m29660) HM
Sheriff in Natchitoches
Louisiana in 1826.
One of the leaders in
Battle of Nacogdoches.
Member of Consultation
1835. Commanded the
Nacogdoches company in
storming of Bexar, 1835.
Signer of Texas Declaration
Born . . . — — Map (db m27222) HM
In 1883 A. Wettermark of Henderson, Texas, purchased an existing wooden structure from Bennett Blake, Sr. for the sum of $1000 and opened a branch of his banking firm here on the corner of Main and North Street. This was the first official bank . . . — — Map (db m210986) HM
In the early and mid-20th century, Nacogdoches was the
home of a notable poet, writer and woman of letters. Karle
Wilson, daughter of William and Kate (Montgomery)
Wilson, was born in Little Rock, Arkansas, in October 1878.
Her parents moved to . . . — — Map (db m221345) HM
Member of the Second Congress of
Commander of the
Texas forces in the
decisive battle with the
July 16, 1839
Charter member of
Grand Masonic Lodge
Died Oct. 4, 1840
Anne . . . — — Map (db m171249) HM
An 18th-century trail connecting the Indian villages of the Nacogdoche and Nasoni Indians. Traveled by Spanish missionaries, soldiers and settlers, French traders and American filibusters before Anglo-American colonists came to make Texas their home. — — Map (db m29143) HM
The following men gave their lives in the
line of duty in the Republic of Vietnam
Armstrong, William Preston - Sgt - Army - 02 Aug, 1968
Austin, Oscar Palmer - PFC - Marines- 23 Feb, 1969
Caver, John Wayne - Sgt - Army - 31 Oct, 1967 . . . — — Map (db m211284) WM
Affluent families of Nacogdoches began building spacious homes in this area overlooking the town in the 1890s. Robert and Emily (Willis) Lindsey, local dry goods merchants noted for their contributions to the arts in Nacogdoches, built this . . . — — Map (db m221455) HM
The Masonic Lodge in Nacogodoches is the oldest in the state still operating in its original location. Before the organization of a Grand Lodge in Texas, Louisiana Masons granted dispensation for individual lodges here. Three lodges, Holland (No.36) . . . — — Map (db m29700) HM
City Attorney, Mayor, Banker, Regent Teacher, Businessman, Civil Servant
During the late 1940's and continuing through the 1980s, Mack Stripling was one of the premier progressive promoters and boosters of the dynamic growth of our . . . — — Map (db m211116) HM
Home of the Nacogdoches Indians in the 17th century.
Spanish settlements, 1716. Alternately settled and abandoned in 18th century due to French encroachments.
Scene of the Fredonian Rebellion in 1827.
Organized a municipality, 1832 under the . . . — — Map (db m221229) HM
Dedicated to Those Who Served Their Country in Its Time of Need
Korea . . . — — Map (db m210913) WM
Designed by U.S. Treasury Department architect James A. Wetmore, this building was erected in 1917-1918 and housed the main city post office until 1964. Sold to the city in 1973, it was the public library until 1997, when it became a tourist . . . — — Map (db m29390) HM
A pioneer co-educational institution incorporated by an independent board February 3, 1845. Granted four leagues of land for its support. Opened September, 1845. Eventually absorbed by the public school system.
Marcus A. Montrose, an . . . — — Map (db m170915) HM
After the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain, many veterans came to Nacogdoches to make their homes. As tensions rose from greater Mexican restrictions, Nacogdoches became a focal point for filibustering against Mexican rule. On . . . — — Map (db m211290) HM
Originally called "American Cemetery," Oak Grove Cemetery is located on the 1826 land grant of Empresario Haden Edwards. The leader of the 1826 Fredonian Rebellion, Edwards is interred here. The earliest marked burial on this site is that of . . . — — Map (db m117574) HM
On 1889 John Schmidt purchase this lot. Before that time, the Mitchell Hotel (c. 1831), an early Nacogdoches stagecoach inn, stood on the site. Schmidt wanted a place for theatrical companies to stop over as they traveled between engagement in . . . — — Map (db m211123) HM
Chartered by the Republic of Texas in 1845 to fulfill settlers' ideals for higher education. Financed by public subscriptions. Housed first in military quarters, erected this modified Grecian structure 1858. Occupied by troops in Civil War, it was . . . — — Map (db m170911) HM
The Republic of Texas chartered Nacogdoches University in 1845 to fulfill East Texas settlers’ ideals for higher education. The University occupied various downtown buildings before this building was completed in time for classes in fall 1859. Local . . . — — Map (db m170912) HM
According to legend, the first burial in this cemetery was that of a young girl whose family, traveling through the area when she died, buried her here before continuing their westward journey. Oral tradition also suggests that William Whitaker was . . . — — Map (db m29774) HM
This courthouse stands on ground used as a cemetery after Nacgodoches was rebuilt by settlers ordered out of the area when Spain gave up East Texas outposts in 1773.
Antonio Gil Y'Barbo (1729 - 1809) led the displaced persons who returned in . . . — — Map (db m202001) HM
Stones recovered from a razed 18th century structure form the walls of this historic replica building. The stone house stood originally near the intersection of El Camino Real and La Calle del Norte (present Main at Fredonia), and was built by Don . . . — — Map (db m156884) HM
Photographs in the 1880's show a wooden mercantile establishment with a gabled front facing east on this property. There was an open area to the south lying between this building and the mercantile establishment of Mayer & Schmidt.
The . . . — — Map (db m211023) HM
On this site stood
for a century an
Old Stone House
thought to have been built in 1779 by
Antonio Gil YBarbo.
Sold by him as community property in 1805.
Headquarters in 1806 for
William Barr and Samuel Davenport, Indian traders. . . . — — Map (db m171202) HM
Headquarters of Colonel Jose de las Piedras, commander of the Mexican garrison in Nacogdoches, 1827-1839. The property, after the Texas Revolution, of General Thomas J. Rusk. Served as classrooms for the University of Nacogdoches, 1845-1852. — — Map (db m29325) HM
The Catholic Church's history has been intertwined with that of Nacogdoches since the first Spanish missions were constructed in the area during the early eighteenth century. Disruptions in the church's activities occurred 1719-1721 during French . . . — — Map (db m170917) HM
President of Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College (SFASTC) from 1942 to 1958, Paul Lewis Boynton made vital contributions to the institution’s future. Born in Belton (Bell Co.), Boynton attended Sam Houston State Teachers College. He then . . . — — Map (db m221454) HM
Mary the Mother of Jesus miraculously appeared to the Apostle James in 40 A.D. in Zaragoza, Spain. She gave James a small statue of herself standing on a pillar of jasper. The statue on the pillar became the center of Zaragoza's Shrine of Nuestra . . . — — Map (db m211287) HM
The absence of an institution of higher learning to train teachers in East Texas became obvious in the early 20th century. "Normal institutes" or ad hoc college courses were important statewide attempts to supplement the educational level of the . . . — — Map (db m221335) HM
The property in this block on the west side of the Public Square was owned by a distinguished list of families. The names, Who's Who in the early history of the town, include Piedras, Sterne, Rusk, Roberts, Taylor, Blake, Hayter, Hoya, Orton, Mast, . . . — — Map (db m211026) HM
The Following Men From the Nacogdoches Area Are Listed as
Prisoners of War/Missing in Action as of September 21, 2018
Mooney, Custer F. - Army - Sgt Med Co 7 Regt 31D - MIA 12/04/50 - Nacogdoches
Sewell, Nathul - Army - Sgt K . . . — — Map (db m211285) WM
The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor posthumously to
Private First Class Oscar P. Austin
United States Marine Corps
for service as set forth in the following . . . — — Map (db m211277) WM
For the citizens of Nacogdoches, Bob Murphey was a loved and local institution. He was our resident Master of Ceremonies. Bob took Nacogdoches with him as he spread his homespun humor and good will to the rest of the world. Bob was a part of . . . — — Map (db m211039) HM
Built on the homestead lands of warrior statesman Thomas Jefferson Rusk, Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College (SFA) was swollen with success shortly after taking over its new facilities, the Austin Building and Aikman Gymnasium, in 1924. The . . . — — Map (db m221328) HM
Sam Houston made his first home in Texas in the historic town of Nacogdoches. A former Tennessee governor and U.S. congressman, Houston left Washington, D.C. for Texas in December of 1832. The presence of Tennesseeans and fellow masons Adolphus . . . — — Map (db m171207) HM
Vertical-piston drive and direct-gear design was patented, 1880, by Ephraim Shay. This 36-ton engine was built by Lima Locomotive and Machine Co., 1907, for Behring Co. of Texas, and soon purchased by W.T. Carter & Bro. Lumber Co. Carter used it . . . — — Map (db m211291) HM
Renée Ernestine Françoise Potard was born on February 25, 1822, in Barthelemy, France. She entered the convent of the Sisters of the Holy Cross in LeMans, France in 1846.
After making her vows, she volunteered to come to America to pursue . . . — — Map (db m210887) HM
Led by Adolphus Sterne, citizens of Nacogdoches helped outfit a volunteer force, the New Orleans' Greys, to fight in the Texas War for Independence. One company of Greys traveled overland to San Antonio by way of Nacogdoches in Nov. 1835. The . . . — — Map (db m29576) HM
First known as Union Church as several denominations joined here to worship as early as 1836. Organized in 1838. A small log church was completed that year on ten acres donated by Dr. John M. Sparks. The present structure dates from 1859. In its . . . — — Map (db m29792) HM
Founder of modern Nacogdoches in 1779.
This Spanish frontiersman matched wits with Spanish governors in the interest of the early settlers of this region. A leader of the people, he brought the exiles back. — — Map (db m171203) HM
Citizen of Nacogdoches, 1830-1865. A signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. Land commissioner and Chief Justice of Nacogdoches County. Born in London, England, in 1808. Died here November 1, 1865. — — Map (db m27180) HM
Born in Pennsylvania in 1770. Pioneer Indian trader. Recognized by the King of Spain as a public - spirited citizen. First Alcalde of Nacgodoches under the Mexican government in 1821. — — Map (db m27387) HM
A native of Nacogdoches.
Land Commissioner, 1829.
Vice-Governor of the State of
Coahuila and Texas.
Active in the Texas Revolution.
Died in Houston in July, 1859.
His wife, Maria Montes del Padilla,
Died here, August 14, 1846. — — Map (db m29295) HM
Soldier - Statesman of the Republic of Texas - A hero of San Jacinto - Commander-In-Chief of the army 1836 - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, 1839 - President of the Constitutional Convention, 1845 - United States Senator, 1846 - He called . . . — — Map (db m27122) HM
A Spanish outpost founded in 1716 by the pioneer Franciscan Antonio Margil de Jesús as a means of civilizing the Nacogdoche Indians. Abandoned temporarily due to the French incursions from Louisiana in 1719. Restored by the Marquis of Aguayo in . . . — — Map (db m29275) HM
Residents of Nacogdoches County will never forget the events surrounding the morning of February 1, 2003. Awakening to loud rumbles, many immediately recognized the sound to be much more than the usual sonic boom. Unlike the condensation streaks . . . — — Map (db m210969) HM
Immediately following the United States' entry into World War II after the Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College (SFA) President Alton Birdwell called together an assembly of students and staff to . . . — — Map (db m44666) HM
Republics often point to one person whose vision and leadership led to their creation. For the Republic of Texas (1836-1845) that person is Stephen Fuller Austin.
Austin, the son of Moses and Maria Brown Austin, was born on the Virginia . . . — — Map (db m221303) HM
Opening in 1936, the Stone Fort Museum has interpreted the history of East Texas and of the Old Stone Fort while also elevating the local historic preservation ethic. The Old Stone Fort, built in the late 18th century, was an integral part in a . . . — — Map (db m156880) HM
"We are, as a species, addicted to story. Even when the body goes to sleep, the mind stays up all night, telling itself stories." Jonathan Gottschall
Since our beginning, mankind has been telling stories. Long before the written . . . — — Map (db m210962) HM
Our "kittle" has seen many different uses since it was brought to Texas in 1850 by Dr. R.O. Brown. Because of the size of the kittle - 1,820 pounds and measuring 7½ feet in diameter - Brown had to hire several yoke of oxen to haul the kittle to his . . . — — Map (db m210892) HM
In honor of the men who served from the District of Nacogdoches during the period of October 1, 1835 to April 21, 1836.
Siege of Bexar
George Allen • Francis J. Anthony • William C.M. Baker • John Balch • James H. Bowman • John J. . . . — — Map (db m211173) WM
At this site on the historic King's Highway, used since 1691, passengers boarded stagecoaches during the Civil War, 1861-65. Besides this stand, the town had 2 others, to serve 3 stage lines operating here.
Wm. Clark had the line to Mt. Pleasant, . . . — — Map (db m21431) HM
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