The date was February 23, 1836, and the situation for Texas was desperate. Santa Anna with about 6,000 troops was on the march towards the Alamo with the intent of smashing the small, poorly-organized, and ill-equipped army of Texans along with . . . — — Map (db m29822) HM
This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the first president of Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College. In 1917 the state created an "East Texas Normal" and selected Nacogdoches as its location. The State Board of Regents selected East Texas . . . — — Map (db m29970) HM
Mound Street got its name in the 18th century from mounds which lined it from Main to King Street. These were built by prehistoric Indians. Only this one remains. Pottery from a demolished mound that measured 150 by 75 feet is preserved in Old Stone . . . — — Map (db m21252) HM
At contact, Europeans found that Native American communities and regions were connected by trails. The major trail in Texas was known to its' colonizers as the Camino de los Tejas. This road, also known as Camino de Arriba and El Camino Real and . . . — — Map (db m156886) HM
Angelina (Angelica) was a woman of the Hasinai Caddo (Tejas) nation who grew up in Monclova, Coahuila and at the Spanish Presidio San Juan Bautista south of the Rio Grande. According to European accounts, she was baptized a Catholic and learned to . . . — — Map (db m170844) HM
Armed with nothing more than shotguns and various types of hunting weapons, the national militia of Nacogdoches, aided by militias from Ayres, Teneha, Sabine, Bevil, Settlement, and San Augustine, fired the opening guns of the Texas Revolution . . . — — Map (db m29460) HM
One of the opening actions of the Texas War for Independence, this battle occurred soon after settlers drove out the Mexican garrisons at Anahuac and Velasco. In 1832 Col. Jose de las Piedras, in command of over 300 soldiers here, ordered the . . . — — Map (db m175896) HM
Captain Domingo Ramon (d. 1723) was the son of Captain Diego Ramon (d. 1724), the commandant of the Presidio San Juan Bautista (Presidio del Rio Grande). In 1715, the Spanish authorities appointed Domingo Ramon to establish a presidio and four . . . — — Map (db m170839) HM
Land commissioner of East
Texas, 1833. A signer of
the Texas Declaration of
Independence, 1836. Chief
Justice of Nacogdoches
County, 1837. District
Attorney, 1839. Rio Grande
land commissioner, 1854.
Born in London, England . . . — — Map (db m27210) HM
Built in 1897, by Charles Hoya (1848-1926), son of Prussian immigrant Joseph T. Van Der Hoya, and long-time Nacgodoches County surveyor. Designed by Houston architect Frank E. Rue in Victorian style with the Gothic revival details, this was the . . . — — Map (db m27708) HM
Master architect Diedrich Rulfs was born in 1848 in Stollham in the German Province of Oldenburg to Helene (Stindt) and Gerhard Rulfs; his father was a carpenter. After Diedrich married Johanne Emilie Böschen in 1873, he became an apprentice in the . . . — — Map (db m171024) HM
Dr. Robert Anderson Irion
Born in Paris Tenn., July 7, 1806
Died at Nacogdoches Tex., Mar. 2, 1861
Married Anna Raquet Mar. 20, 1840
Born in Philadelphia Pa. Jan. 25, 1819
Died at Overton Tex. Nov. 7, 1883
Senator in the First Congress . . . — — Map (db m170930) HM
The family of Andres de Acosta, who settled in Nacogdoches in 1779, owned this property as early as 1809. Acosta sold the property, which included a house to Joseph Durst (1789-1843) in 1827. Durst, who was alcalde of Nacogdoches when he bought the . . . — — Map (db m30421) HM
March 2―Texas Independence Day in 1836―was the birthday of Sam Houston in 1783 and of Eva Helena Eugenia Sterne in 1829. On October 25, 1841, Republic of Texas President Sam Houston presented the land of this present-day Eugenia Sterne . . . — — Map (db m29841) HM
At least one Methodist sermon was preached in Nacogdoches before 1821, according to tradition. After religious freedom was established by the Republic of Texas, Missionary Littleton Fowler (1803-1846) preached here on Oct. 16,1837, and soon founded . . . — — Map (db m27691) HM
Missionaries of the Franciscan order played an integral role in the administration of Spanish activities throughout Tejas (East Texas). In 1690, Father Damian Massanet (Mazanet) and Captain Alonso de Leon led an entrada to Tejas, and erected the . . . — — Map (db m170850) HM
This is the site of the first house in Texas owned by Sam Houston. The building was built in 1891 according to tax records. It was used as a hotel with furnished rooms beginning in 1910. It was officially shown as the Liberty Hotel with 75 rooms for . . . — — Map (db m28256) HM
In 1719, Jose de Azlor y Virto de Vera, the Marquis de San Miguel de Aguayo (d. 1734), replaced Martin de Alarcon as Governor of Texas. His appointment coincided with war between Spain and France which prompted Aguayo to send an expedition to East . . . — — Map (db m170843) HM
Don Martin de Alarcon rose to the position of Governor of Texas in 1716. As governor he aimed to establish a secure presidio along the San Antonio River for the movement of goods to frontier missions and settlements. Despite the imperative nature of . . . — — Map (db m170842) HM
Leader of the
Fredonian Rebellion, 1826-27
Sent to the United States
to raise funds for
the Texas Revolution, 1836
A leader in the development
of a nation.
Born in Virginia
August 12, 1771
Died August 14, 1849 . . . — — Map (db m27412) HM
A pioneer citizen of Nacogdoches. Born in Cologne, Germany, April 5, 1801. Alcalde at Nacogdoches under the Mexican Government, member of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. Died March 27, 1859. Buried in Nacogdoches. Here General Sam Houston . . . — — Map (db m29575) HM
A native of Virginia, came to Texas in 1826.
An active participant in the struggle for Texas Independence. One of the leaders in Battle of Nacogdoches. Delegate to Consultation, November 3, 1835. Commanded the Nacogdoches Company in storming of . . . — — Map (db m29705) HM
New York native George Francis Ingraham (1842-1920) settled in Nacogdoches in 1860. He married Martha Thompson Cooper in 1866 and became an attorney in 1873. Ingraham served as county judge, county treasurer, and state representative. He built this . . . — — Map (db m29660) HM
Sheriff in Natchitoches
Louisiana in 1826.
One of the leaders in
Battle of Nacogdoches.
Member of Consultation
1835. Commanded the
Nacogdoches company in
storming of Bexar, 1835.
Signer of Texas Declaration
Born . . . — — Map (db m27222) HM
Member of the Second Congress of
Commander of the
Texas forces in the
decisive battle with the
July 16, 1839
Charter member of
Grand Masonic Lodge
Died Oct. 4, 1840
Anne . . . — — Map (db m171249) HM
An 18th-century trail connecting the Indian villages of the Nacogdoche and Nasoni Indians. Traveled by Spanish missionaries, soldiers and settlers, French traders and American filibusters before Anglo-American colonists came to make Texas their home. — — Map (db m29143) HM
The Masonic Lodge in Nacogodoches is the oldest in the state still operating in its original location. Before the organization of a Grand Lodge in Texas, Louisiana Masons granted dispensation for individual lodges here. Three lodges, Holland (No.36) . . . — — Map (db m29700) HM
Home of the Nacogdoches Indians in the 17th century.
Spanish settlements, 1716. Alternately settled and abandoned in 18th century due to French encroachments.
Scene of the Fredonian Rebellion in 1827.
Organized a municipality, 1832 under the . . . — — Map (db m28737) HM
Designed by U.S. Treasury Department architect James A. Wetmore, this building was erected in 1917-1918 and housed the main city post office until 1964. Sold to the city in 1973, it was the public library until 1997, when it became a tourist . . . — — Map (db m29390) HM
A pioneer co-educational institution incorporated by an independent board February 3, 1845. Granted four leagues of land for its support. Opened September, 1845. Eventually absorbed by the public school system.
Marcus A. Montrose, an . . . — — Map (db m170915) HM
Originally called "American Cemetery," Oak Grove Cemetery is located on the 1826 land grant of Empresario Haden Edwards. The leader of the 1826 Fredonian Rebellion, Edwards is interred here. The earliest marked burial on this site is that of . . . — — Map (db m117574) HM
Chartered by the Republic of Texas in 1845 to fulfill settlers' ideals for higher education. Financed by public subscriptions. Housed first in military quarters, erected this modified Grecian structure 1858. Occupied by troops in Civil War, it was . . . — — Map (db m170911) HM
The Republic of Texas chartered Nacogdoches University in 1845 to fulfill East Texas settlers’ ideals for higher education. The University occupied various downtown buildings before this building was completed in time for classes in fall 1859. Local . . . — — Map (db m170912) HM
According to legend, the first burial in this cemetery was that of a young girl whose family, traveling through the area when she died, buried her here before continuing their westward journey. Oral tradition also suggests that William Whitaker was . . . — — Map (db m29774) HM
This courthouse stands on ground used as a cemetery after Nacgodoches was rebuilt by settlers ordered out of the area when Spain gave up East Texas outposts in 1773.
Antonio Gil Y'Barbo (1729 - 1809) led the displaced persons who returned in . . . — — Map (db m28020) HM
Stones recovered from a razed 18th century structure form the walls of this historic replica building. The stone house stood originally near the intersection of El Camino Real and La Calle del Norte (present Main at Fredonia), and was built by Don . . . — — Map (db m156884) HM
On this site stood
for a century an
Old Stone House
thought to have been built in 1779 by
Antonio Gil YBarbo.
Sold by him as community property in 1805.
Headquarters in 1806 for
William Barr and Samuel Davenport, Indian traders. . . . — — Map (db m171202) HM
Headquarters of Colonel Jose de las Piedras, commander of the Mexican garrison in Nacogdoches, 1827-1839. The property, after the Texas Revolution, of General Thomas J. Rusk. Served as classrooms for the University of Nacogdoches, 1845-1852. — — Map (db m29325) HM
The Catholic Church's history has been intertwined with that of Nacogdoches since the first Spanish missions were constructed in the area during the early eighteenth century. Disruptions in the church's activities occurred 1719-1721 during French . . . — — Map (db m170917) HM
Sam Houston made his first home in Texas in the historic town of Nacogdoches. A former Tennessee governor and U.S. congressman, Houston left Washington, D.C. for Texas in December of 1832. The presence of Tennesseeans and fellow masons Adolphus . . . — — Map (db m171207) HM
Led by Adolphus Sterne, citizens of Nacogdoches helped outfit a volunteer force, the New Orleans' Greys, to fight in the Texas War for Independence. One company of Greys traveled overland to San Antonio by way of Nacogdoches in Nov. 1835. The 50-100 . . . — — Map (db m29576) HM
First known as Union Church as several denominations joined here to worship as early as 1836. Organized in 1838. A small log church was completed that year on ten acres donated by Dr. John M. Sparks. The present structure dates from 1859. In its . . . — — Map (db m29792) HM
Founder of modern Nacogdoches in 1779.
This Spanish frontiersman matched wits with Spanish governors in the interest of the early settlers of this region. A leader of the people, he brought the exiles back. — — Map (db m171203) HM
Citizen of Nacogdoches, 1830-1865. A signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. Land commissioner and Chief Justice of Nacogdoches County. Born in London, England, in 1808. Died here November 1, 1865. — — Map (db m27180) HM
Born in Pennsylvania in 1770. Pioneer Indian trader. Recognized by the King of Spain as a public - spirited citizen. First Alcalde of Nacgodoches under the Mexican government in 1821. — — Map (db m27387) HM
A native of Nacogdoches.
Land Commissioner, 1829.
Vice-Governor of the State of
Coahuila and Texas.
Active in the Texas Revolution.
Died in Houston in July, 1859.
His wife, Maria Montes del Padilla,
Died here, August 14, 1846. — — Map (db m29295) HM
Soldier - Statesman of the Republic of Texas - A hero of San Jacinto - Commander-In-Chief of the army 1836 - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, 1839 - President of the Constitutional Convention, 1845 - United States Senator, 1846 - He called . . . — — Map (db m27122) HM
A Spanish outpost founded in 1716 by the pioneer Franciscan Antonio Margil de Jesús as a means of civilizing the Nacogdoche Indians. Abandoned temporarily due to the French incursions from Louisiana in 1719. Restored by the Marquis of Aguayo in . . . — — Map (db m29275) HM
Immediately following the United States' entry into World War II after the Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Stephen F. Austin State Teachers College (SFA) President Alton Birdwell called together an assembly of students and staff to . . . — — Map (db m44666) HM
Opening in 1936, the Stone Fort Museum has interpreted the history of East Texas and of the Old Stone Fort while also elevating the local historic preservation ethic. The Old Stone Fort, built in the late 18th century, was an integral part in a . . . — — Map (db m156880) HM
At this site on the historic King's Highway, used since 1691, passengers boarded stagecoaches during the Civil War, 1861-65. Besides this stand, the town had 2 others, to serve 3 stage lines operating here.
Wm. Clark had the line to Mt. Pleasant, . . . — — Map (db m21431) HM
The first newspapers in Texas, beginning in 1813, all had direct links to Nacogdoches. The leading family in the newspaper business was that of Col. R.D. Orton and his nephews, Robert W. (R.W.) and Giles Haltom. In 1899, following years of weekly . . . — — Map (db m170918) HM
For a brief while, the flag that flew over Nacogdoches Plaza Principal was the red-and-white banner of Haden Edwards' forty-four-day Fredonia Rebellion.
Edwards had obtained a grant from Mexico to settle 800 families in East Texas in the . . . — — Map (db m30081) HM
Throughout the storied history of Nacogdoches, nine different flags have flown over the region. The six flags of Texas are well known, but three others have also been raised. The traditional six flags include those for Spain (1519 – 1685; 1690 . . . — — Map (db m170916) HM
Late Victorian residence built 1896-97 by architect D. A. G. Rulfs for Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Matthews and daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Roland Jones. Matthews was a railroad executive; Jones, a businessman. Four generations of Jones' family . . . — — Map (db m171025) HM
Signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas, Brigadier General of the Army and hero at San Jacinto, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Texas, United States Senator, he was a . . . — — Map (db m27798) HM
When Nacogdoches University was chartered by the Republic of Texas in 1845, three early settlers -- Haden Edwards, Charles S. Taylor, and J. R. Arnold -- donated 21.5 acres of land for the school. Known as Washington Square by 1848, the land was . . . — — Map (db m170913) HM
Washington Square, a historic Nacogdoches center from the inception of the old Nacogdoches University in the 1840s, became in 1904 a part of the Nacogdoches Independent School District (NISD). When the facilities on the 208-acre campus of the new . . . — — Map (db m170914) HM
Presbyterians have long played an important role in Nacogdoches; the earliest Presbyterian influence here dates to the 1830s, with several churches organizing later in the century. In 1893, the Rev. B.A. Hodges and twelve founding members . . . — — Map (db m31483) HM
Born a slave in South Carolina, 1794
Escaped to Texas in 1821
Rendered valuable assistance to the Army of Texas, 1836 Interpreter for the Houston-Forbes Treaty with the Cherokees, 1836
Acquired wealth and was noted for his charity
Died at . . . — — Map (db m29461) HM