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Historical Markers and War Memorials in New Market
New Market, Virginia and Vicinity
▶ Shenandoah County (204) ▶ Frederick County (175) ▶ Page County (85) ▶ Rockingham County (80) ▶ Warren County (43) ▶ Hardy County, West Virginia (37)
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In front of you is one of only two monuments erected by veterans of the battle. This one was placed by members of Woodson’s Company of Missouri Cavalry. The unit followed perhaps the strangest path to this field of conflict.
Captured in . . . — — Map (db m13197) HM|
Erected to the memory of the heroic dead of the 54th Regiment, Pennsylvania Veterans Volunteer Infantry, who gave their lives in defence of their country. 1861–1865.
(brass tablet at base) At ceremonies conducted 16 September . . . — — Map (db m42449) WM|
|This very post was struck by a 3 inch rifle shell fired by Snow’s Maryland Battery in the Battle of New Market fought between General John C. Breckinridge and General Franz Sigel on the 15th of May 1864. When the shell struck, General Breckinridge . . . — — Map (db m557) HM|
|While the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute comprised one of the smallest Confederate units engaged in the Battle of New Market, they paid a disproportionately high price in their baptism of fire. Nearly one in four of the cadets were either . . . — — Map (db m13186) HM|
|On the hills to the north took place the Battle of New Market, May 15, 1864. The Union army, under General Franz Sigel, faced southwest. John C. Breckinridge, once Vice-President of the United States, commanded the Confederates. Colonel Scott Shipp . . . — — Map (db m554) HM|
|General U.S. Grant's plan to defeat the Confederacy in 1864, called for a raid by General G. Crook into southwestern Virginia. General F. Sigel, to keep the Confederates from concentrating against Crook, was to advance down Shenandoah Valley from . . . — — Map (db m155094) HM|
As the Battle of New Market unfolded on May 15, 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge's men heavily assaulted the left flank of Union Gen. Franz Sigel's army. Sigel counterattacked, sending Gen. Julius Stahel's cavalry charging down the . . . — — Map (db m158184) HM|
|On 15 Nov. 1863, Col. William H. Boyd reconnoitered with a Federal cavalry and artillery detachment south from Charlestown (in present-day W.Va.) toward New Market. The next day, the force encountered Maj. Robert White’s cavalry command just north . . . — — Map (db m157057) HM|
|Of the 257 cadets from Virginia Military Institute who fought in the Battle of New Market, ten were either killed outright or later died of their wounds. Their legacy of service and sacrifice has inspired each successive generation of cadets. Since . . . — — Map (db m39855) HM|
Here Capt. Henry DuPont, commanding B Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery, protected Union Gen. Franz Sigel’s defeated army as it retreated after the Battle of New Market on May 15, 1864. Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge had routed Sigel’s force . . . — — Map (db m838) HM|
|Here ran the southwestern boundary of Lord Fairfax’s vast land grant, The Northern Neck. It was surveyed by Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson’s father, and others in 1746. — — Map (db m652) HM|
|Frontiersman - famed Indian fighter - Revolutionary patriot - Co-Commander Battle of King's Mountain - first Governor of Tennessee and six times Governor - first Congressman west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Founder of New Market, Va in 1765. His . . . — — Map (db m11698) HM|
|The main Union line of battle extended from here for one-half mile to the Valley Turnpike, now U.S. 11. Throughout the morning and into the afternoon, the Union force exchanged musket and cannon fire with the Confederates, who had advanced over a . . . — — Map (db m13203) HM|
|In memory of General Robert E. Lee and in commemoration of General "Stonewall" Jackson's march with his 17,000 famous foot cavalry across Massannutten Mountain to the Battles of Front Royal and Winchester, May 21, 1862.
This tablet erected May . . . — — Map (db m118638) HM|
Noah enlisted May 18th 1861 with Company G 33rd Virginia Infantry Confederate States of America. On September 28th 1862 he transferred to Company K 12th Virginia Cavalry with whom he remained throughout the war.
He helped make the first . . . — — Map (db m158196) HM|
Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackon's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . — — Map (db m118879) HM|
What is a Watershed?
The land area from which surface runoff drains into stream channels, lakes, reservoirs, or other body of water, also called a drainage basin.
Shenandoah River History:
The Shenandoah River has . . . — — Map (db m158181) HM|
|The Battle of New Market began here at 2:00 p.m. when 4,500 Confederates, under the command of Generals John C. Breckinridge and Gabriel C. Wharton, attacked 6,000 Federal troops who had established this hill as their first defensie position. Fully . . . — — Map (db m158157) HM WM|
Position of Lieut. Colonel Jacob Widdle's 1st West VA. Infantry Regiment, 700 Men.
4 men killed, 54 wounded, 18 missing — — Map (db m158158) HM WM|
2:00 p.m., left flank position of Colonel George H. Smith's 62nd Va. Mounted Infantry, 448 men.
11 men killed, 81 wounded — — Map (db m158159) HM WM|
2:00 p.m. position of Captain Charles H. Woodson's (dismounted) Co. A., 1st Missouri Cavalry, 62 men.
5 men killed, 35 wounded — — Map (db m158160) HM|
2 p.m. position of Lieut. Colonel J. Lyle Clark's 30th. Virthina Battalion of Sharpshooters, 306 men.
2 killed and 48 wounded — — Map (db m158161) HM WM|
Position of Major Horace Kellogg's 123rd Ohio Infantry Regiment 800 men.
5 men killed, 33 wounded and 37 missing — — Map (db m158163) HM WM|
2:00 p.m. position of 1st Lieutenant Randolph H. Blain's Jackson Battery, 93 men.
One parrott rifle and three 12 pounder Napoleons
One man wounded — — Map (db m158164) HM WM|
Position of Major Henry Peale's 18th Connecticut Infantry, 350 men, skirmishers from Companies A & B suffered the first casualties in the battle.
1 man killed, 31 wounded and 24 missing. — — Map (db m158166) HM WM|
| . . . — — Map (db m158167) HM WM|
Position of Captain Chatham T. Ewing's Batter G, 1st West Virginia Light Artillery four 3 inch rifles.
1 man killed, 1 wounded — — Map (db m158168) HM WM|
Right flank of Lieut-Colonel George M. Edgar's 26th Va. Infantry Battalion, 2:00 p.m. 425 men.
3 men killed, 21 wounded. — — Map (db m158170) HM WM|
2:00 p.m. position of Capt. William T. Hart's Engineer Company, 37 men.
10 men wounded — — Map (db m158171) HM WM|
2:00 p.m. position of the 51st Virginia Infantry commanded by Lieut-Colonel John P. Wolfe, 700 men.
2 killed, 90 wounded — — Map (db m158173) HM WM|
|Built in 1892 by Franklin Hiser Wissler to provide access to his apple orchards at Strathmore Farms, this is the longest remaining covered bridge in Virginia. a 200-foot single span, located one-half mile northwest, the bridge is a Burr Truss . . . — — Map (db m559) HM|
has been registered as a
pursuant to the authority vested in the
Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission
Act of 1966
This property has been
placed on the . . . — — Map (db m58953) HM|
|On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended.
Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz,
and two other armed veterans of Co. D,
7th Virginia Cavalry, robbed six Federal
cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock.
The horses were returned the . . . — — Map (db m15903) HM|
|Replica of a 19th century town pump made in 1987 by Otis Braxton Theis, Jr., and others, using the same tools which his ancestors used making the original pumps. This is the site of the last remaining of perhaps eight or ten public wells and was . . . — — Map (db m158182) HM|
|Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Sevier, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, . . . — — Map (db m653) HM|
|Stonewall Jackson’s camp ground April 2–16, 1862; his headquarters at the foot of this hill. Colonel John Francis Neff, Commander 33rd Regiment, Stonewall Brigade, born and buried near here. — — Map (db m740) HM|
| The spring of 1864 opened with United States forces pressing Confederate armies defending fronts scattered throughout the Confederacy. Union Gen. Franz Sigel was assigned the task of securing the Shenandoah Valley; always one of the Civil War’s . . . — — Map (db m17327) HM|
|Rude’s Hill was reached by two divisions of Sheridan’s Union cavalry following the Confederate General Jubal A. Early, on November 22, 1864. Early promptly took position on the hill to oppose them. The cavalry, charging across the flats, were . . . — — Map (db m50317) HM|
|This old house photographed during the early 20th century and still standing about 600 yards north on the west side of the Valley Pike, was occupied
at the beginning of the Civil War by a Lutheran minister, Rev. Anders R. Rude. Gen. Thomas J. . . . — — Map (db m836) HM|
|Near here was born John Sevier, pioneer and soldier, September 23, 1745. He was a leader in the Indian Wars and the Battle of King’s Mountain, 1780. He was the only governor of the short-lived state of Franklin and the first governor of Tennessee. . . . — — Map (db m654) HM|
|The Battle of New Market was fought here Sunday morning, May 15, 1864. The Confederates under Gen. J. C. Breckinridge were victorious over the Federals under Gen. Franz Sigel. The decisive incident of the battle was the heroic capture of the Federal . . . — — Map (db m551) HM|
In the spring of 1864, Union Gen. Franz Sigel marched his 10,000-man army south through the Shenandoah Valley as part of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s strategy to attack the Confederacy on several fronts simultaneously. To counter this threat, Gen. . . . — — Map (db m155959) HM|
|As the Battle of New Market unfolded on May 15, 1864, Confederate troops under Gen. John C. Breckinridge heavily assaulted the left flank of Union Gen. Franz Sigel's army. Sigel counterattacked with Gen. Julius Stahel's cavalry, which charged down . . . — — Map (db m39856) HM|
|On June 22, 1791, Henry Bushong patented a 260-acre tract in Shenandoah County that would be home for several generations of his descendants. Henry’s son, Jacob married Sarah Strickler in 1818. They took up residence in a four-room log house and . . . — — Map (db m13193) HM|
|The Henkel house is another historic home. The brick part was built by Dr. Solomon Henkel, physician and druggist, in 1802. The wooden front part and two rooms upstairs were added by his son, Dr. Solon P.C. Henkel in 1855. A metal plate nailed on . . . — — Map (db m89113) HM|
|The old home of William F. Rupp who was one of the Valley's most skilled fresco painters. In the Rupp house also lived George M. Neese, the author of “Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery.” Descendants still own and occupy the . . . — — Map (db m558) HM|
| [Sign at the base of the monument:]
The monument in front of you replaced an existing wooden pillar.
The inscriptions on the monument read:
On the side facing you — East
Pt. Geo. W. Summers and Sergt. Newton Koontz . . . — — Map (db m158192) HM|
|In 1875, Confederate veteran Christian Shirley constructed this brick house on the site of his family's former home, which had burned two years earlier. The Shirleys were longtime residents of Shenandoah County who had farmed their 153 ares since . . . — — Map (db m7346) HM|
On May 22, 1865, former Confederate Captain George W. Summers, Sgt. Isaac Newton Koontz, Pvt. Jacob Daniel Koontz, and Pvt. Andrew Jackson Kite (all from the 7th Virginia Cavalry) set out from their Page County homes to obtain their paroles. Near . . . — — Map (db m104813) HM|
This rustic pile
The simple tale will tell:
It marks the spot
Where Woodson’s Heroes fell. — — Map (db m544) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m118581) HM|