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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Olde Towne, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Portsmouth, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Portsmouth Ind. City, VA (103) Chesapeake Ind. City, VA (49) Hampton Ind. City, VA (214) Newport News Ind. City, VA (255) Norfolk Ind. City, VA (111) Suffolk Ind. City, VA (60)  Portsmouth(103) Portsmouth (103)  Chesapeake(49) Chesapeake (49)  Hampton(214) Hampton (214)  NewportNews(255) Newport News (255)  Norfolk(111) Norfolk (111)  Suffolk(60) Suffolk (60)
Location of Olde Towne
    Portsmouth (103)
    Chesapeake (49)
    Hampton (214)
    Newport News (255)
    Norfolk (111)
    Suffolk (60)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-p — Arnold's British Defenses, 1781
This marks the northern limit of a line of British redoubts erected in March 1781 by order of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold who, under Major General William Phillips, commanded British troops occupying Portsmouth. This line of fortifications . . . Map (db m21043) HM
2Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-q — Arnold's British Defenses, 1781
A brick wind­mill near here was close to the south­ern limit of a line of British redoubts erected in March 1781 by order of Brigadier Gen­eral Bene­dict Arnold, who under Major Gen­eral William Phillips, com­manded British troops occu­py­ing . . . Map (db m21112) HM
3Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-o — Arnold's British Defenses, 1781
This marks a line of British redoubts erected in March 1781 by order of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold who, under Major William Phillips, commanded British troops occupying Portsmouth. The line of fortifications extended in an arc along . . . Map (db m71739) HM
4Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Birthplace of Dr. James W. Holley IIIFirst African American Mayor of Portsmouth, Virginia
Born on November 24, 1926 to Mr. and Mrs. James W. Holley, Jr. First elected to City Council June 11, 1968. First elected to Vice Mayor July 18, 1978. First elected to Mayor May 1, 1984. Mayor of Portsmouth from July 1984 to December . . . Map (db m165994) HM
5Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Chevra T'helim Synagogue
Chevra T'helim, (translation: House of Psalms), housed an Orthodox Jewish Congregation, established in 1917. It served the religious needs of a congregation largely composed of merchants who emigrated from Eastern Europe th the port city of . . . Map (db m36890) HM
6Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Col. William Craford
Col. William Craford founder of Portsmouth, Virginia February 27, 1752 Today, known as Col. William CrawfordMap (db m37128) HM
7Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-g — Collier's Raid
A British fleet under Commodore Sir George Collier sailed up the Elizabeth River and shelled Fort Nelson in May 1779, during the Revolutionary War. A landing force of 1,800 infantrymen led by Brig. Gen. Edward Mathew captured the fort on 10 May . . . Map (db m21146) HM
8Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Confederate MonumentPortsmouth, Virginia
To Our Confederate Dead 1861 - 1865Map (db m76791) WM
9Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q-8F — Cornwallis at Portsmouth
Lord Cornwallis, commanding the British troops in the south, reached Portsmouth, July, 1781. He prepared to send a portion of his force to New York. Before the movement was made, orders came for him to take up a position at Old Point. Cornwallis . . . Map (db m21114) HM
10Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Cornwallis' Embarkation
Near this spot on August 20, 1781, General Cornwallis and his troops embarked for Yorktown. This fateful action enabled the combined forces of General George Washington and French Admiral De Grasse to bottle up the British and force the surrender of . . . Map (db m83882) HM
11Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Court Street Baptist ChurchPath of History, Portsmouth, VA
Established in 1789, the Portsmouth and Norfolk Baptist Church served as the first Baptist congregation in South Hampton Roads. The name was changed in 1791 to Portsmouth Baptist Church and again in 1855 to its current name, Court Street Baptist . . . Map (db m20467) HM
12Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Craney Island
Craney Island played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the War of 1812, fly­ing the Flag of 1795, with fif­teen stars and stripes. Amer­i­can defend­ers held off over­whelm­ing British forces there on June 22, 1813. Two hundred British sol­diers were . . . Map (db m21111) HM
13Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Crawford Bay
The peace­ful waters of Craw­ford Bay play host each year to a num­ber of boat­ing events includ­ing the Cock Island Race and the Craw­ford Bay Crew Clas­sic. The homes vis­i­ble across the inlet are in a neigh­bor­hood called Swim­ming Point. . . . Map (db m21072) HM
14Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q-8-M — Crawford House
Erected 1835 by J.W. Collins, Portsmouth’s first five-story building and for many years a leading hotel. Presidents Van Buren, Tyler, and Fillmore were entertained here.Map (db m20461) HM
15Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q-8-K — Elizabeth River
The Eliz­a­beth River, explored by Cap­tain John Smith in 1608, was named for Princess Eliz­a­beth. Ship­build­ing activ­ity began in 1620 when John Wood, a ship­builder, requested a land grant. Many his­toric ships were built at the naval ship­yard . . . Map (db m21044) HM
16Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Elks Lodge
This Romanesque Revival dwelling was constructed for Laura C. Armistead and her family in 1894 by her father Beverly A. Armistead, president of the Bank of Portsmouth. Identifying features of this architectural style are the round arches over thick, . . . Map (db m84742) HM
17Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-t — Emanuel A.M.E. Church
Emanuel A.M.E. Church is rooted in the African Methodist Society that was formed soon after the founding in 1772 of the Methodist Society in Portsmouth. The African Society met independently until Nat Turner's insurrection in 1831, worshiped with . . . Map (db m36867) HM
18Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church
The congregation of Emanuel Church was formed out of the Methodist society by Robert Williams, who erected a meetinghouse on South Street in 1772. Thus, two societies were established, the Black people called their society the African Methodist . . . Map (db m165996) HM
19Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — First Order Fresnel Lens from the Hog Island Light
This pavil­ion dis­plays a first order Fresnel lens from the sec­ond Hog Island Light. The lens began ser­vice in 1896. Originally built in 1852, the first build­ing was destroyed by ero­sion and rebuilt in 1896, only to be deac­ti­vated in 1948. . . . Map (db m21180) HM
20Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — K-265 — Fort Nelson
On the site of Portsmouth’s Naval Hospital stood Fort Nelson. There, Virginia’s Revolutionary government late in 1776 constructed the fort of timber and rammed earth. Three years later, the British fleet commanded by Admiral Sir George Collier . . . Map (db m21145) HM
21Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Gosport Navy YardBirthplace of the CSS Virginia — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Before you is the Gosport Navy Yard (Nor­folk Naval Ship­yard). Gosport is the old­est Navy ship­yard in the nation. Here is where the USS Mer­ri­mack was burned and then trans­formed by the Con­fed­er­ates into the pow­er­ful iron­clad ram, the CSS . . . Map (db m21160) HM
22Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q–8-r — Home Site of William Crawford (d. 1762) Founder of Portsmouth
Here stood the residence of William Crawford who in 1752 founded the town of Portsmouth on sixty-five acres of his extensive plantation lands. The house site extended south on Crawford Street 113 feet, and east on High Street to the Elizabeth River. . . . Map (db m20434) HM
23Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — In Commemoration of the Last Public Appearance of William F. “Buffalo Bill” CodyAt Portsmouth, Virginia on November 11, 1916
William F. Cody, asso­ci­ated with a West­ern exhi­bi­tion titled “Buf­falo Bill (Him­self) and the 101 Ranch Wild West Com­bined,” passed by this spot on a route that would take the parade to the inter­sec­tion of Washington and . . . Map (db m21162) HM
24Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q8-s — John Luke Porter(19 Sept. 1813 – 14 Dec. 1893)
John Luke Porter, first president of the Portsmouth common council, was born just two blocks south of here. An accomplished naval constructor, commissioned first by the United States and later by the Confederacy, Porter supervised, at the Norfolk . . . Map (db m20433) HM
25Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Lightship Portsmouth101-WAL524
Lightships were “floating lighthouses.” They were anchored at the entrances to ports, bays and outer limits to off-lying danger areas such as shoals and reefs. These vessels served as aids to navigation. Lightships were originally . . . Map (db m20407) HM
26Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Lightship Portsmouth101-WAL524
Lightships and the City of Portsmouth go back to the beginning of lightship duty in this country in 1820. The first lightship was established off Craney Island at the mouth of the Elizabeth River. Working lightships were constant visitors on the . . . Map (db m20408) HM
27Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Lincolnsville
The four houses directly across the street are the last remaining original houses of Lincolnsville, Portsmouth's first middle-class African American community, established in 1890. It was an area of about 34 acres and operated as a city within a . . . Map (db m36911) HM
28Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-w — Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones(1869-1933)
Born Matilda S. Joyner in Portsmouth 1869, Sissieretta Jones was a trailblazing African American pioneer of the concert and theatrical stages during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She studied music at the Providence School of Music and the . . . Map (db m83881) HM
29Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q8B — Monumental Methodist Church
This Church, founded 1772, is one of the oldest Methodist Churches in Virginia. The first building was erected, 1775, at South and Effingham Streets. The Church was moved to Glasgow Street near Court in 1792. It established the first Sunday School . . . Map (db m20466) HM
30Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Naval Shipyard MuseumFormally Norfolk County Ferries Maintenance Building
Constructed in 1919, this building was used as a maintenance building for the Norfolk County ferries. From 1636 to 1955 the ferries provided service for passengers and their various modes of transportation across the Elizabeth River between Norfolk . . . Map (db m20390) HM
31Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q-8-N — Norfolk County Court House
Begun 1845, occupied 20 July 1846. The architect, Wm. R. Singleton, a Portsmouth native, also designed the old Norfolk City Court House. This building stands on one of the four corners dedicated for public use in 1752 by Lt. Col. William Crawford, . . . Map (db m3518) HM
32Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Olde Towne PortsmouthSouthern Architectural Splendor
The one square block his­toric dis­trict before you is Portsmouth’s Olde Towne. The dis­trict dates to 1752 when Portsmouth was founded by William Craw­ford. Olde Towne con­tains one of the largest col­lec­tions of historic build­ings in Vir­ginia . . . Map (db m21116) HM
33Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Portsmouth Naval HospitalAdministering to Both the Union and Confederacy
This is the site of the Portsmouth Naval Hospital which served both the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War. The Portsmouth Naval Hospital, the U.S. Navy’s first hospital, was founded in 1827 by Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard. . . . Map (db m21042) HM
34Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Portsmouth Public Library
The Portsmouth Public Library was established in 1914 primarily due to efforts of the Students Club. The first library was housed in the annex behind the 1846 Courthouse and most of the original collection was donated from the Seaboard Air Line . . . Map (db m20392) HM
35Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Priests Who Died In Their Service Memorial
Erected by a grateful people to the memory of the priests who died in their service Rt. Rev. Msgr. F. Joseph Magri 1917 - 1942 Rt. Rev. Msgr. Joseph F. Govaert 1942 - 1961 Rev. Francis Devlin 1845 - 1855 Rev. Jos. . . . Map (db m165987) WM
36Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Rev. Francis Devlin
Erected by the citizens of Portsmouth in the memory of Rev. Francis Devlin the humble priest, the faithful pastor who sacrificed his life in the cause of charity, during the plague of 1855. He was a native of . . . Map (db m36939) HM
37Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Revolutionary War at Portsmouth
In October 1775, Virginia’s last royal governor, the Earl of Dunmore, made his headquarters at Gosport, one mile south of here. After his defeat at Great Bridge and the destruction of Norfolk, he entrenched at Hospital Point, one mile north, but was . . . Map (db m20432) HM
38Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Richard Dale, U.S.N.1756 - 1826
In honor of Commodore Richard Dale, U.S.N. A native of this place. Born November 6, 1756, Died in Philadelphia, PA. Feb. 26, 1826.Map (db m165992) WM
39Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8-u — Ruth Brown(1928-2006)
Portsmouth native Ruth Brown was the best-selling African American female recording artist early in the 1950s. Her two dozen hits established Atlantic Records as “The House That Ruth Built.” Brown also helped to usher in the rock’n’roll . . . Map (db m83880) HM
40Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Saint Paul's School(1891-1991)
Upon her death in 1888, Mrs. Eliza Burke Gregory bequeathed $10,000 for the education of boys in Portsmouth. Her church, St. Paul's Catholic, had established a girls school, St. Joseph's, on King Street in 1876. The current site was selected, . . . Map (db m71722) HM
41Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Seaboard Air Line Railroad
The Portsmouth & Roanoke Railroad was incorporated in March 1832 and began operations in July 1834 when the first train, pulled by horses, ran a full circuit from Portsmouth to Suffolk. A locomotive replaced the horses later that year. By late 1836, . . . Map (db m20387) HM
42Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Spanish-American War 1898-1902
Erected by the citizens of Portsmouth and Norfolk County. Sponsored by the Austin R. Davis Camp No 4 – United Spanish War Veterans and Auxiliary to commemorate the valor and patriotism of those who voluntarily served in the war with Spain, the . . . Map (db m20794) HM
43Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q82 — St. John's Church
St. John's Episcopal Church was founded in 1848; its original Greek Revival sanctuary opened in 1850 near the corner of Court and London Streets. During the yellow fever epidemic of 1855, James Chisholm, the church's first rector, remained in . . . Map (db m165991) HM
44Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q-8-v — St. Paul’s Roman Catholic Church
St. Paul's Roman Catholic Church was first built by French and Irish immigrants between 1811 and 1815 and was the first Catholic congregation established in Portsmouth. Increasing membership necessitated the building of new structures in 1831 and . . . Map (db m21147) HM
45Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — St. Paul's Catholic Church Burial Ground
A burial ground for early parishioners and clergy of St. Paul's Catholic Church was located on this site during the nineteenth century. Among those buried here were: Patrick Robertson, who bequeathed the funds to purchase this property in 1810 . . . Map (db m165990) HM
46Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — The 1846 CourthousePath of History — Portsmouth, VA —
The 1846 Courthouse building at the corner of Court & High Street in Olde Towne Portsmouth was designed in the classic Greek Revival style by architect, William R. Singleton and built by Willoughby G. Butler. It housed the Norfolk County Court until . . . Map (db m76790) HM
47Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — The Battle of Craney IslandGreat America IV
The Battle of Craney Island June 22, 1813Map (db m165985) HM WM
48Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — The Coast Guard
The City of Portsmouth has had a long history of supporting U.S. Coast Guard operations. Today it serves as a center for Coast Guard regional administration and operational oversight through the Atlantic Area Command headquarters, Fifth District . . . Map (db m20431) HM
49Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — The Commodore Theatre
Opened on November 14, 1945, the Commodore Theatre was designed by noted Baltimore architect John J. Zink and built and operated by William S. "Bunkie" Wilder, a Portsmouth native, as his flagship theatre. It is named for Commodore James Barron, . . . Map (db m20465) HM
50Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — The Elizabeth River
The Elizabeth River, an arm of the Chesapeake Bay, runs between the cities of Portsmouth and Norfolk. The river was named “Elizabeth” in honor of Princess Elizabeth Stuart, the eldest daugh­ter of King James I of England. The river . . . Map (db m21182) HM
51Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — The Yellow Fever of 1855
On June 19th, 1855, following a twelve day quarantine, the merchant ship Benjamin Franklin arrived from the West Indies and docked at Gosport Shipyard for repairs. While emptying its bilge, mosquitoes carrying yellow fever were released. After . . . Map (db m36892) HM
52Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Towne SquarePath of History, Portsmouth, VA
The intersection of High and Court Street was known as Towne Square, the cornerstone of the community. The square that you are standing on was known as Courthouse Square, the site of the original courthouse from 1803-1846. In 1855 the Ocean Hotel . . . Map (db m20463) HM
53Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q8A — Trinity Church
Built in 1762 as the Parish Church of Portsmouth Parish, established in 1761. Later named Trinity; Enlarged in 1829; Remodeled in 1893. Colonel William Crawford, founder of Portsmouth in 1752, was a member of the first Vestry. Buried here is . . . Map (db m20464) HM
54Virginia (Portsmouth), Olde Towne — Q 8C — Watts House
Built by Colonel Dempsey Watts in 1799 and inherited by his son, Captain Samuel Watts, who lived here until his death in 1878. Here Chief Black Hawk, of the Black Hawk Indian War, was entertained in 1820, and Henry Clay in 1844.Map (db m36868) HM
 
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