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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Ottawa, Ontario

 
100 Wellington Street / 100, Rue Wellington Marker image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, August 10, 2019
100 Wellington Street / 100, Rue Wellington Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — 100 Wellington Street / 100, Rue Wellington
English: Designed by architect Cass Gilbert, Jr. of New York, this building was the site of the Diplomatic Mission of the United States of America from 1932 to 1999. Français: Cass Gilbert fils, architecte de New . . . Map (db m150892) HM
2Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Alexandra (Interprovincial) Bridge / Pont Alexandra (Interprovincial)National Historic Civil Engineering Site / Site historique national de génie civil
English: Constructed using the most advanced technologies available at the time, the Alexandra Bridge stands today as evidence of the outstanding ingenuity and foresight of Canadian engineers. G. Dunn, Chief Railway Engineer H.J. . . . Map (db m150888) HM
3Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Alexandra Bridge (Interprovincial) / Pont Alexandra (Interprovincial)
English: This bridge was built by the Dominion Bridge Company of Lachine, Quebec, and H.J. Beemer, contractor, for the Pontiac Pacific Junction Railway and the Ottawa Gatineau Railway. Construction began in February, 1898; the . . . Map (db m150911) HM
4Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Alphonse Rochon House / Maison Alphonse Rochon
English: This house was constructed in 1898 for Alphonse Rochon, who, with his father Flavien, was responsible for much of the wood carving on the interior of Notre Dame Cathedral. Rochon applied his skills to his own house, and . . . Map (db m150712) HM
5Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Animals in WarLes animaux en temps de guerre
This memorial includes three plaques. plaque 1: English: For centuries, animals have demonstrated an enduring partnership with humans during times of war. They have served as means of transportation, beast of burden, . . . Map (db m82254) WM
6Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Asbury College
was founded on this site in 1891 by G.P. Woollcombe This commemorative plaque was installed on 12th May 1991. ——————— fut fondé sur ce site en 1891 par G.P. Woollcombe Cette plaque . . . Map (db m75708) HM
7Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Bank of Canada / La Banque du CanadaCanada's Central Bank / La banque centrale du Canada
English: The Bank of Canada is the country's monetary authority. Since the Bank opened its doors in 1935, its purpose has been to promote the economic and financial well-being of Canadians. Through its monetary policy, the Bank . . . Map (db m150696) HM
8Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Basilique Notre-Dame / Notre Dame Basilica1841-1843 — 375-385, promenade Sussex / 375-385 Sussex Drive —
Français: Cette structure néo-gothique est l'église la plus ancienne d'Ottawa. Ses deux clochers ont été érigés en 1858. En 1848, on la nomma Cathédrale du diocèse d'Ottawa et plus tard, on lui accorda le titre de Basilique. Son . . . Map (db m151573) HM
9Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Brûlé House / Maison Brûléc. 1842
English: Built by Thomas Brûlé, a blacksmith, noted for his involvement in Bytown’s “Stoney Monday” riot of 1849. Français: Construite par Thomas Brûlé, forgeron devenu célèbre à la suite de sa . . . Map (db m149194) HM
10Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Building for a New Canada / Construire un nouveau Canada
English: Standing here in 1860, you would have heard the sound of hammers and the creak of winches from across the river as construction began on Canada's Parliament Buildings. As recently as 1857, Canadians had been embroiled . . . Map (db m150700) HM
11Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — By Ward Market Heritage Conservation DistrictDistrict de Conservation du Patrimoine du Marché By
The dense cedar bog that became the site of the By Ward Market was drained and cleared in 1827 by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers to accommodate the workers building the Rideau Canal. The area rapidly became the commercial core . . . Map (db m63692) HM
12Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Canada’s CapitalLa capitale du Canada.
English: After the union of the two Canadas in 1841 Kingston, Montréal, Toronto and Québec were in succession the seat of government. During the 1850's these cities contended for designation as the permanent capital of Canada. When called . . . Map (db m83312) HM
13Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Canadian Airmen Lost Over Poland
“To live in the hearts we leave behind is not to die” “Survivre dans les coeurs de ceux qu’on aura quittes ce n’est pas mourir” (Thomas Campbell) This is to express the gratitude and admiration which lives in . . . Map (db m82249) WM
14Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Château Laurier / Le Château Laurier
English: Designed by the architectural firm of Ross and MacFarlane this hotel was built between 1908 and 1912 and enlarged in the 1920s. It was the first in a chain of Château style hotels constructed by the Grand Trunk Railway . . . Map (db m140226) HM
15Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Connaught Building / L’Édifice Connaught
English: Part of a grand design for the national capital in the early 20th century, this imposing building is a tangible expression of Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier’s vision for Ottawa. The eclectic combination of Gothic and . . . Map (db m140195) HM
16Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Creating a Capital / Créer une Capitale
English: In the 1890s, when Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier spoke of making Ottawa a "Washington of the North," he was building on the idea that a national capital could be consciously created. In the early 20th century, Canada's . . . Map (db m150692) HM
17Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Dr. Harold (Harry) Jennings
English: Distinguished Research Scientist and Officer of the Order of Canada Pioneer in the field of conjugate vaccines and inventor of the meningitis C vaccine, which continues to save the lives of countless children . . . Map (db m144884) HM
18Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Élisabeth Bruyère1818-1876
English: In the 1840s, Bytown (Ottawa) was a growing timber-trade village with a substantial French-Canadian population but no Catholic schools and few social services. In February of 1845 the Sisters of Charity of Montreal (Grey . . . Map (db m141392) HM
19Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Grand Central Hotel / Hôtel Grand Central1877
Built as a grocery store by Thomas Coffey, Sr., this building was the Grand Central Hotel from 1889 to 1907, and a Salvation Army hostel from 1908 to 1949. Designated Heritage Property . . . Map (db m63693) HM
20Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Henriette Bourque1903-1997
Français: Première femme à avoir travaillé comme avocate au ministère de la Justice. Madame Bourque est arrivée première de classe parmi 80 étudiants, à la faculté de droit de l'Université de Montréal lorsqu'elle a obtenu son . . . Map (db m150702) HM
21Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Henry Albert Harper
English:Erected by the Public to commemorate the heroism of Henry Albert Harper M.A. who in an effort to save the life of Miss Bessie Blair was drowned with her in the Ottawa River on the sixth of December, 1901 in his twenty . . . Map (db m150833) HM
22Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Home Children / Les Petits Émigrés
Beginning in 1869, British charitable societies removed children from slums and orphanages in congested industrial cities and brought them to Canada to serve as cheap farm and domestic labour. "Homes" were set up across the country to house the . . . Map (db m115194) HM
23Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Hôpital Élisabeth Bruyère / Élisabeth Bruyère Hospital
Français: L’Hôpital Élisabeth-Bruyère a ouvert ses portes sur la rue Bruyère, à une époque où il portait le nom d’Hôpital général d’Ottawa. L’immeuble a été construit en plusieurs étapes entre 1907 et 1959. Pionnières en matière . . . Map (db m141295) HM
24Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Jean E. Pigott
English: This floral garden is dedicated to Jean E. Pigott ”Ottawa is every Canadian’s second home town.” Jean E. Pigott, proud Ottawan, proud Canadian and businesswoman extraordinaire, played a leadership role in the . . . Map (db m150894) HM
25Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — John Macoun(1831-1920)
English: This field naturalist and botanist was the first to survey, document, and categorize Canadian flora in a systematic manner. After Confederation, he travelled west for the Canadian Pacific Railway with surveying parties . . . Map (db m139504) HM
26Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — L’École Guigues and Regulation 17 / L’École Guigues et le Règlement 17
English: L’École Guigues, the school named in honour of the first Catholic Bishop of Ottawa, is a place of historical significance for the Franco-Ontarian community. In January 1916, during the crisis over Regulation 17, a group . . . Map (db m141442) HM
27Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — La Salle Academy Tercentenary1680-1980
English: The brothers of Christian Schools of Ottawa, present this commemorative plaque to the government of Canada to mark the tercentenary of the foundation of their institute by Jean-Baptiste de la Salle. The brothers provided . . . Map (db m149200) HM
28Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CBLe lieutenant-colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, C.B. — (1778-1829) —
English: A skillful professional soldier, Salaberry formed the celebrated Voltigeurs canadiens. In 1813, he outwitted and defeated a vastly superior American force at the Battle of Châteauguay, helping to save Lower Canada from invasion. . . . Map (db m83313) HM
29Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Lotta Hitschmanova, C.C.1909 • 1990
Founded USC Canada 10 June 1945 Unitarian Service Committee of Canada Harold Pfeiffer, SculptorMap (db m75710) HM
30Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Maplelawn1831 - 1834
An excellent example of a country house in the British classical tradition, this handsomely proportioned limestone building is one of the earliest residences in the Ottawa area and a reminder of the estates which once lined Richmond Road. Built by . . . Map (db m115182) HM
31Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Maplelawn
This elegant residence and its walled garden are a rare and well-preserved example of a country estate in early 19th-century Canada. Built from 1831 to 1834 for William Thomson, a prosperous farmer, its centrepiece is this finely crafted home in . . . Map (db m115185) HM
32Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Maplelawn Oak Trees
A row of oak trees was planted on May 17, 1999, next to historic Maplelawn. These trees represent the high regard in which the community holds this place in their neighbourhood. The trees were planted in partnership with the Community of . . . Map (db m115193) HM
33Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Martineau Hotel / Hôtel Matineau1872
English: Built by Ottawa Mayor Eugene Martineau, this limestone building housed four separate hotels with taverns, typical of the establishments that provided lodging to transient lumbermen in 19th century Lowertown. Fire gutted the . . . Map (db m149195) HM
34Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Meeting the World / À la rencontre du monde
English: You are standing in the international sector of Confederation Boulevard, where Canada meets and welcomes the world community. In front of you is the Embassy of the United States of America, one of the 130 foreign . . . Map (db m150693) HM
35Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Memorial Heights War Memorial
In proud and grateful memory of the Ottawa's Sons and Daughters who through all the years, have answered their country's call in the hour of need, giving up their lives in their own and alien lands for a faith, . . . Map (db m141411) WM
36Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Mother House, Sisters of Charity / Maison Mère, Sœurs de la Charité1849
English: Under the leadership of Sister Elizabeth Bruyère, the Sisters of Charity took up residence in Bytown in february 1845 to care for the poor and the sick and to educate the young. The oldest section of the convent, designed . . . Map (db m149196) HM
37Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Motherhouse, Sisters of Charity at OttawaLa Maison Mère des Sœurs de la Charité d’Ottawa
English: In 1845, Mère Élisabeth Bruyère founded the Congregation of the Sisters of Charity at Ottawa (Grey Nuns of the Cross). In 1849, she began the construction of the building at this corner. Français: En 1845, . . . Map (db m149197) HM
38Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — National Press Building / L’Édifice national de la presseEyes and Ears of the Nation / Tout yeux, tout oreilles
English: The Parliamentary Press Gallery upholds one of Canada's fundamental rights — freedom of speech. Its role is to inform Canadians about the operations of their democracy. In 1967, the Press Gallery offices on . . . Map (db m150695) HM
39Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — National Research Council Canada / Le Conseil National de Recherches du CanadaA World Leader / Un Chef de file Mondial
English: National Research Council Canada (NRC) brings together the best and brightest minds to solve challenges of critical importance to Canada. NRC scientists have saved lives with the electric pacemaker and a vaccine . . . Map (db m141296) HM
40Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Nepean Town Hall / Mairie de Nepean1896
The eastern portion of Nepean Township was annexed to Ottawa in 1950. This hall continued to serve Nepean Township until 1966. La partie est du canton de Nepean a été annexée à Ottawa en 1950. Le canton de Nepean a continué à utiliser cette . . . Map (db m115187) HM
41Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Nicholas Sparks
Irish Nicholas Sparks (b.1792) was from Darragh, County Wexford. He came "up river" 1816 to work for the founding Wrights of Hull. In 1826 he acquired Philemon Wright Jr.'s widow (Sarah Olmstead) and her nine children (he and she were to have . . . Map (db m75711) HM
42Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica / Basilique cathédrale Notre-Dame
English: First planned as a parish church in 1839, Notre-Dame was transformed as it achieved the status of cathedral for the new Catholic Diocese of Bytown in 1847, mother church of the Archdiocese of Ottawa, and basilica in 1879. . . . Map (db m140471) HM
43Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Office of the Prime Minister and Privy CouncilBureau du Premier Ministre et du Conseil Privé
English: This building is the nerve centre of government. The two offices housed here support Canada's prime minister in the task of governing. The Office of the Prime Minister is managed by political staff who support the prime . . . Map (db m150694) HM
44Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Oscar Peterson1925 - 2007
English: Oscar Peterson emerged from the Montréal working class neighbourhood known as Little Burgundy to become one of the world’s greatest piano virtuosos. His place in the international jazz pantheon is universally recognized. With . . . Map (db m83311) HM
45Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Parliament Clocktower Bell
This bell was taken from the ruins of the clock tower destroyed by fire February 3, 1916. "The fire raged fiercely for hours. The main tower was not touched until about 11 p.m., and one of the most pathetic incidents of the night, which moved the . . . Map (db m39748) HM
46Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — People at an Ancient Crossroads / Un ancien point de jonctionA Modern Shoreline with a Rich Past / Des rives à l’allure moderne, mais riches d’histoire
English: Canada’s Capital is young — but the land is old, and the people have lived here for a long, long time. After the glaciers melted and the waters of the Champlain Sea retreated from this valley (10,000 to 13,000 . . . Map (db m150699) HM
47Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Railways and Radio Waves / Chemins de fer et ondes radio
English: The Canadian National Railway's coast-to-coast radio network lay the tracks for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Passengers enjoyed broadcasts en route in special listening cars. Transmitting from the Chateau Laurier . . . Map (db m150891) HM
48Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Rideau Canal National Historic Site of CanadaLieu historique national du Canada du Canal-Rideau
English: The Rideau Canal, a great military engineering achievement of the 19th century, opened central Canada to settlement and trade. The canal construction also brought thousands of people to the area, helping to shape the community of . . . Map (db m83421) HM
49Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Sappers’ BridgePont des Sapeurs
English: These foundations of “Sappers’ Bridge,” built by Lieutenant-Colonel John By and this Royal Engineers in 1827, represent the contributions of military engineers in Canada. This plaque was erected April 29, 2004, in honour . . . Map (db m83366) HM
50Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Silent Messengers of the ArcticInuksuk created by Kananginak Pootoogook, 1997
For generations, the Inuit have been creating impressive stone markers on the Arctic landscape. Inuksuk means "acting in the capacity of a human." They serve many functions, including guiding travellers, warning of danger, assisting hunters and . . . Map (db m39750) HM
51Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — South African (Boer) War Memorial
English: Erected by 30,000 children of Ottawa and adjoining counties in memory of Trtr. G. Bradley • Dvr. R. Bradley • Cpl. W.S. Bradly • Pte. O.T. Burns • Pte. H. Cotton • Pte, E. DesLaurters • Pte. W.A, Hull • Pte. Z.R.E. . . . Map (db m82252) WM
52Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — St. Andrew's Church / L’église St. Andrew's
English: The first St. Andrew's kirk, erected here in 1828 by masons who built the Rideau Canal, was demolished in 1872. The present church, designed by W.T. Thomas, was built 1872-74. Français: La première église . . . Map (db m150895) HM
53Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church1872-1874
English: This Gothic Revival church was designed by W.T. Thomas of Montreal, one of Canada’s most significant architects of his generation. It replaced an earlier church built when the parish was established in 1828. Designated . . . Map (db m150893) HM
54Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Supreme Court of Canada / La Cour suprême du CanadaA Pillar of Canadian Democracy / Un pilier de la démocratie canadienne
English: Created in 1875 by an Act of Parliament, the Supreme Court of Canada is the nation's highest court and one of its most important federal institutions. It is the final general court of appeal, the last judicial resort for . . . Map (db m150697) HM
55Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Terry Fox 1958 -1981The Greatness of the Human Spirit — L'eminence du courage de l'homme —
"I was lucky to do what I did. How many people ever get a chance to do something that they really believe in." Terry Fox On April 12, 1980, Terry Fox began his dream to run across Canada in support of cancer research by dipping his . . . Map (db m63937) HM
56Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant)(1742-1807)
English: A notable Mohawk warrior and statesman, and principal war chief of the Six Nations, he led his people in support of the British. After the war, he brought his people to Canada to settle near where Brantford now stands. American . . . Map (db m83315) HM
57Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Capital's Forest Heritage / Le patrimoine forestier de la capitale
English: Forestry has sustained Canada — one of the world's largest exporters of forest products — for almost two centuries. Canada’s Capital has its own rich forestry heritage. Imagine the place where you are standing . . . Map (db m150698) HM
58Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The CommissariatL’Intendance
English: “Plenty of spirits, and provisions of all sorts, with beds, blankets, mits, caps, shoes, etc. shall always be at hand, in the Government store, to answer whatever demands may come for such articles by the people on the . . . Map (db m83363) HM
59Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Historic Notre Dame Cathedral RestorationLa restauration historique de la cathédrale Notre-Dame
English: On Dec 18 1999 the most reverend Marcel A. Gervais, Archbishop of Ottawa officially reopened Notre Dame Cathedral. The Cathedral had been closed for renovations since the beginning of 1999 and work continued into the year . . . Map (db m151574) HM
60Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Rideau CanalLe canal Rideau
English: Built between 1826 and 1832, the Rideau Canal is the best preserved, fully operational example of North America’s great canal building era. Lieutenant-Colonel John By’s innovative deign was based on a “slackwater” . . . Map (db m83361) HM
61Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Rideau WaterwayVoie navigable du canal Rideau
English: The Rideau Waterway stretches 202 kilometres through a chain of lakes, rivers and canals, linking Canada’s capital, Ottawa, to the historic city of Kingston on Lake Ontario. To follow the Rideau Waterway is not only a trip through . . . Map (db m83362) HM
62Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Royal Canadian Mint / La Monnaie Royale Canadienne
English: Constructed in 1905-1908 to house a branch of the British Royal Mint, this building was one of several designed in the late gothic style by the Department of Public Works in the first part of this century. The building combines the . . . Map (db m137734) HM
63Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Three Watchmen / Les trois sentinellesJames Hart — Old Massett, British Columbia 1952 —
English: 2003, cast 2010 bronze Gift of Michael Audain and Yoshiko Karasawa, Vancouver, 2011 National Gallery of Canada, no. 43481 These figures watch for danger emanating from both the supernatural and the everyday worlds. Often . . . Map (db m151259) HM
64Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — The Woolly Mammoth / Le mammouth laineuxIcon of the Ice Age / Un symbole de l'ère glaciaire
English: DNA from fossil bones reveals that the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) evolved around 350,000 years ago in North America. The life-sized replicas seen here were created by Canadian Museum of Nature sculptors . . . Map (db m144900) HM
65Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Thomas D'Arcy McGee1825 - 1868
Journalist, poet, Irish patriot, Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation, McGee was born in Ireland, where he was involved in nationalist politics. Forced to flee to America in 1848, he worked for several years in the United States before . . . Map (db m75714) HM
66Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Valade House1862
English: From 1866 until 1918 this distinguished stone building was the home and office of Dr. François-Xavier Valade, one of the physicians who examined Louis Riel to determine his sanity before his 1885 trial. The handsome . . . Map (db m149199) HM
67Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Veterans Charter / La Charte des Anciens Combattants
English: A programme of innovative social legislation, known collectively as the Veterans Charter, provided an unprecedented level of benefits to those who served in the Second World War. Advanced by the Canadian government, the . . . Map (db m140225) HM
68Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — War MemorialLest We Forget / Ne les oublions pas
Dedicated to those who made the supreme sacrifice for democracy and peace ————————————— Dedie a ceu qui ont consenti l'ultime . . . Map (db m141408) WM
69Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Westboro War MemorialLest We Forget
World War I 1914 - 1918 World War II 1939 - 1945 Korea 1950 - 1952 If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow in Flanders fields When you go home Tell them of us and say For your tomorrow We . . . Map (db m115192) WM
70Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Wilderness Highway / Une route au beau milieu de la nature
English: Imagine the “voyageurs” — the fur traders — who, in centuries past, camped on these wild shores. The Ottawa River is part of a 5,000-kilometre system of waterways that, for thousands of years, . . . Map (db m150701) HM
71Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Without Habitat, There Is No Wildlife / Pas de faune sans habitat!
A species needs a habitat to survive. Expanding human presence changes habitats for wild species. Canada geese, for example, thrive in large expanses of agricultural land and short-grass parklands. Controlling their numbers may . . . Map (db m141409) HM
72Ontario (Ottawa Division), Ottawa — Women Are Persons!Les Femmes Sont Des Personnes!
The Persons' Case of 1929 is a celebrated landmark victory in the struggle of Canadian women for equality. For years, groups had repeatedly requested that a woman be appointed to the Senate, often naming Judge Emily Murphy as their candidate. . . . Map (db m39749) HM
 
Apr. 20, 2021