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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Rockville, Maryland
Location of Rockville, Maryland
► Montgomery County (524) ► Frederick County (471) ► Howard County (130) ► Prince George's County (524) ► Washington, D.C. (1972) ► Arlington County, Virginia (373) ► Fairfax County, Virginia (482) ► Loudoun County, Virginia (274)
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|Architect Benjamin Latrobe came to “Montgomery Court House” in 1811 hoping that the fresh air would help his ailing young son recover his health. He stayed at Adam Robb’s tavern that may have been located on Lot 4 on Jefferson Street . . . — — Map (db m92) HM|
|Rockville began when Owen's Ordinary, an inn and tavern, was established in this area around 1750. It functioned as the seat of lower Frederick County and in 1776 became the seat of Montgomery County when it was created. In 1784, William P. Williams . . . — — Map (db m117874) HM|
|Montgomery County's third courthouse. Built in 1891 the "Old Red Brick Courthouse" has become the symbol and architectural monument of old Rockville. Designated a historic building on July 19, 1965 by the Montgomery County Historical Society, Inc. — — Map (db m37578) HM|
| Caleb Litton’s “Plantation”
The Headstones in this cemetery are what remain of a family graveyard begun by Caleb Litton and his descendants on a 472-acre farm. Litton was one of the very first settlers of what today is . . . — — Map (db m135425) HM|
|The practice field for Rockville's African American baseball team was located between North Washington Street and present-day Hungerford Drive.
The team played around the county and in Washington, D.C. from the early 1900s through the . . . — — Map (db m102121) HM|
|Upton Beall, wealthy landowner and clerk of the court, owned 25 slaves when he died in 1827. Although the family did not purchase additional slaves after his death, the three Beall sisters owned 52 individuals by 1860.
The Beall family did not . . . — — Map (db m137692) HM|
|In April 1862, Congress abolished slavery in Washington, D.C. District slaveholders were eligible for monetary compensation when they manumitted (freed) their slaves. Because the Beall sisters held several slaves who worked in the District, they . . . — — Map (db m5416) HM|
| Upton Beall, wealthy landowner and Clerk of Court, owned 25 slaves when he died in 1827. After Upton Beall died, his family did not purchase additional slaves, however, by 1860 the Beall family owned 52 slaves.
The Beall family did not sell . . . — — Map (db m43630) HM|
|The Beall-Dawson property originally extended from Montgomery Avenue west to Forest Avenue and north to Martins Lane. The house was built in 1815 by Upton Beall, Clerk of the Montgomery County Court. It is a 2 1/2 story brick Federal-style home . . . — — Map (db m137624) HM|
|The Beall-Dawson property originally extended from Montgomery Avenue west to Forest Avenue and north to Martins Lane. The house was built in 1815 by Upton Beall, clerk of the Montgomery County Court. The 2 1/2-story brick, Federal-style home is . . . — — Map (db m137626) HM|
|Walter Johnson, baseball's greatest pitcher, lived in Bethesda from 1925 until 1935. Called the "Big Train" because of his overpowering fastball, Johnson won 417 games in 21 seasons with the Washington Senators. His record of 110 shutouts should . . . — — Map (db m141386) HM|
|This stone, dated 1803 and located on this site, marked the southeast corner of the original town of Rockville. The letters "B.R." on its face stand for "Beginning of Rockville" — — Map (db m117873) HM|
|The first Episcopal church in or near Rockville was built in 1739 on a two-acre parcel of land, part of which is now the Rockville Cemetery. It was constructed of clapboards and logs and was called both the "Chapel of Ease" and Rock Creek Chapel. . . . — — Map (db m91) HM|
|Early Sunday morning, June 28, 1863, 5,000 of Confederate Gen J.E.B. Stuart's cavarlymen rode into Rockville and arrested Union supporters. They sought merchant John H. Higgins at his home, but he had already left for Christ Episcopal Church (across . . . — — Map (db m37574) HM|
|In 1867, several of Rockville's African American families left Jerusalem Methodist Episcopal Church to start the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Zion Church under the leadership of Reverend Charles Pipkins.
In 1890, Pipkins and his . . . — — Map (db m101921) HM|
|Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and an estimated 5,000 cavalrymen arrived in Rockville, the Montgomery County seat, on June 28, 1863, to a boisterous reception. One soldier described “a spectacle which was truly pleasing . . . It was Sunday, . . . — — Map (db m65) HM|
| Dawson Family History
Thomas Dawson (1708-1800) left his family home in Charles County, Maryland, in 1750 and established Dawsonville in what was Frederick County, but later became Montgomery County. The Dawsons were a prominent . . . — — Map (db m135532) HM|
| Long before the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, some enslaved people freed themselves by escaping to Canada. In 1856, Alfred Homer walked and ran more than 500 miles from this site to freedom, despite the dangers of the Fugitive Slave Law. . . . — — Map (db m43557) HM|
|A local resident, member of Maryland's first Constitutional Convention and first speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates, Wootton introduced a bill to divide Frederick County into three jurisdictions. The bill passed on September 6, 1776, . . . — — Map (db m81911) HM|
|The area of North Adams Street and Middle Lane contains four of the oldest surviving Rockville homes: 5, 101, and 106 N. Adams St., and the Beall-Dawson House at 103 W. Montgomery Ave.
The 1793 portion of the house at 5 N. Adams St. is likely . . . — — Map (db m137952) HM|
| Father Divine was an influential and charismatic religious leader and founder of the International Peace Mission Movement.
Father Divine was born in 1879 on Middle Lane as George Baker, Jr. and attended the Rockville and Jerusalem M.E. Church. . . . — — Map (db m43491) HM|
|This was once a vital center of the African American community in Rockville: the Eureka Tabernacle Number 29 of the Order of the Galilean Fisherman.
Established in 1903, the Temple allowed Rockville's African American residents to work together . . . — — Map (db m43567) HM|
|Carver was the first accredited two-year junior college conducted under County Board of Education for post-secondary education of Negro students in Montgomery County. At the time, Lincoln High School, located in a historic black community in . . . — — Map (db m106396) HM|
|After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — — Map (db m73) HM|
| Should you receive the same pay for doing the same work? William B. Gibbs, teacher and principal of the Rockville Colored Elementary School, thought so, but he had to take the issue to court.
African American teachers had to meet the same . . . — — Map (db m43474) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m7718) HM|
|This neighborhood was established in the 1830s by Samuel Martin, a free black man. Between 1864 & 1901, Margaret Beall deeded parcels of land south of Martin's Lane to her former slaves. Descendants of the original Martin, Wood, Ross, and Smith . . . — — Map (db m129435) HM|
| For over fifty years, Celestine and Jesse Hebron operated one of the most successful printing businesses in the county in this handcrafted building.
Jesse Hebron started his printing business on Falls Road in 1932. After serving in World War II . . . — — Map (db m43568) HM|
|Early Sunday morning, June 28, 1863, Confederate cavalrymen arrived at merchant John Higgins' house to arrest him, but he had already left for Christ Episcopal Church. Instead they captured Eblen, a 17 year-old Union soldier recuperating here. When . . . — — Map (db m102790) HM|
| Hungerford Tavern was most likely operated by the tavern owner's African American slaves. African American slaves traveling with their masters were expected to care for them if they became too rowdy or drunk at taverns.
A meeting place for . . . — — Map (db m43560) HM|
|Hungerford Tavern was the site of some of the most important events in the history of Montgomery County. Three months prior to the Continental Congress in 1774, local citizens met at Hungerford Tavern to protest oppressive actions of the British . . . — — Map (db m137709) HM|
|On above date aroused Patriots resolved that every lawful means be used to procure relief from oppressions of the English Parliament and that the most effectual way to secure American Freedom would be to break off all commerce with Great Britain. . . . — — Map (db m66403) HM|
|Charles Hungerford's tavern was the site of important events in the early history of Montgomery County. Three months prior to the Continental Congress in 1774, local citizens met at Hungerford Tavern to protest oppressive actions of the British . . . — — Map (db m137723) HM|
|Racial tensions between African American and white church members peaked immediately before the Civil War. Pro-slavery parishioners joined the M. E. Church South in 1863. By 1868 the predominately African American M. E. Church North owned this . . . — — Map (db m32146) HM|
John C. Brown
(Corp’l U. S. Army)
August 26, 1950
To the memory of
the first Maryland soldier
killed in action in Korea
June 30, 1950 — — Map (db m90) WM|
|This clubhouse at Povich Field is named in recognition of the outstanding community contribution made by Phil Leibovitz and the entire team at Sandy Spring Builders, LLC of Bethesda, Maryland. The Sandy Spring team played the leadership role in . . . — — Map (db m141385) HM|
Original home of
Lucy Simpson's Rockville Institute
a private school known as
the “Little Red Hut”
——— • ———
Owned by the Darby family from 1914 - 1979.
Restored and renovated . . . — — Map (db m102789) HM|
|To commemorate the encampment in Maryland of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and his men at Owen's Ordinary, now Rockville, April 20, 1755. This stone is placed by the Janet Montgomery Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Morris L. Croxall, . . . — — Map (db m77) HM|
|Rockville grew from a convenient crossroads meeting place in the 1750s to become the legal and market center of the county. The tiny village was selected as the seat of local government in 1776 for its central location and the presence of taverns . . . — — Map (db m138805) HM|
|There have been four court houses in Rockville
since it was established as the County seat in 1776. Court was originally held at Hungerford Tavern. A frame court house existed in the late 18th century but was sufficiently outgrown by 1810 to . . . — — Map (db m101964) HM|
|In 1777, seven commissioners were appointed to purchase a plot of land not exceeding four acres, for building a court house and prison for Montgomery County. In 1777, both court and jail were located in the former Hungerford Tavern on South . . . — — Map (db m330) HM|
|After being made to wait while five white patrons who came in after him were served, George “T.” Johnson opened Mr. T’s as a store catering to African American clientele.
Taverns in Rockville were the only businesses that were . . . — — Map (db m32141) HM|
|The area at North Adams Street and Middle Lane has four of the oldest surviving Rockville homes: 101, 106, and 5 North Adams, and the Beall-Dawson House.
The 1793 portion of the house at 5 North Adams is probably the oldest structure in . . . — — Map (db m137953) HM|
|In 1896, after the election of Mayor Joseph Reading on the Water Works ticket, the Mayor and Council of Rockville approved plans and specifications for a waterworks and electric light plant. The plant was intended to supplement and eventually . . . — — Map (db m109686) HM|
|From his home, E. Barrett Prettyman, a prominent Rockville citizen and educator, watched approximately 5,000 Confederate cavalrymen ride into Rockville in three columns on Sunday, June 28, 1863. Like many other Montgomery County residents, Prettyman . . . — — Map (db m37575) HM|
|For many African Americans emancipation from slavery meant transitioning from a household slave to a paid domestic servant.
The Johnson-Prettyman family lived in this 1841 house for five generations. During their ownership they transitioned from . . . — — Map (db m56261) HM|
| After the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln and Congress created the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands to aid newly freed African Americans. By the time it closed in 1872, the Bureau had provided assistance to four million former slaves . . . — — Map (db m43471) HM|
| Born in Ireland; served in the British Army in the French & Indian War. Joined the American Revolution as the most experienced general in the Continental Army. Led the invasion of Canada where he was killed in the Battle of Quebec, becoming the . . . — — Map (db m50480) HM|
|Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederate Cavalry occupied Rockville June 28, 1863, and captured 150 U.S. wagons along the Washington Road. From here they marched to Gettysburg. In July, 1864, Gen. Jubal Early passed through Rockville on his way to and from . . . — — Map (db m59) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m60) HM|
|In 1805, the Maryland General Assembly appointed a commission to raise money for a school lot and a fire engine for Rockville. The Rockville Academy was chartered and authorized to hire teachers in 1809. In 1812 and 1813, a number of lots were . . . — — Map (db m94) HM|
|In 1823, the deacons of the Bethel Baptist Church church acquired a half-acre lot at this site to erect a church and provide a burial ground. The original church was replaced in 1864, but a half century later, the Baptists demolished it and built a . . . — — Map (db m37576) HM|
|Rockville grew from a convenient crossroads meeting place in the 1750s to become the legal and market center of agricultural Montgomery County. The tiny village was selected as the seat of local government in 1776 for its central location at the . . . — — Map (db m138804) HM|
|Rockville was an early center of Methodism in Montgomery County. Methodists first met in private homes with occasional visits from a "circuit rider" minister. In 1835, the trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church purchased lot 82 of the Original . . . — — Map (db m43555) HM|
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
──────────────────────── . . . — — Map (db m108317) HM|
|In 1784 William Prather Williams divided part of his farm into 85 building lots, making “Williamsburgh” the first subdivision in Rockville. § 15 Cemeteries can be found with Rockville's borders. The oldest known burial — . . . — — Map (db m102013) HM|
|Rockville started in the 1750s as a tiny Village Crossroads. It was called Owens Ordinary, Hungerford's Tavern, Montgomery Court House, Williamsburgh, and finally in 1803 Rockville. § Route 355 began as an Indian path that later became a . . . — — Map (db m102370) HM|
|General Edward Braddock and his troops camped in Rockville in 1755 on their way to Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War. § In 1774, local residents passed the Hungerford Resolves in protest against British taxation policy in the . . . — — Map (db m102421) HM|
When Montgomery County was created in 1776, the village today known as Rockville was selected as the seat of local government. Since that time, five court houses have been built in Courthouse Square. § Postal Service began in Montgomery . . . — — Map (db m102844) HM|
| Rockville's First Colored School
246 North Washington Street
In March, 1867, twenty African Americans pledged to support a school by taking responsibility for money "as may be necessary to pay the board and washing of the teacher and . . . — — Map (db m43556) HM|
The Pump House was built in 1897 under the guidance of Mayor Joseph Reading, the town druggist who was elected on the “Water Works Ticket.” Known as “Rockville Electric Light and Water Works,” it was an important step in . . . — — Map (db m108252) HM|
|The Dawson Family named their farm “Rocky Glen” because of the landscape and the massive outcroppings of white quartzite rock, the glen was once shaded by a grove of huge chestnut trees, but the trees were lost to a blight in the early . . . — — Map (db m135757) HM|
|Lawrence A. Dawson (1807-1875), was born in nearby Dawsonville, Maryland. He came to Rockville to study law and served in the Maryland House of Delegates. In 1840, he purchased this land from Benjamin Forrest, who later became his law partner. In . . . — — Map (db m135502) HM|
|Henry (Hal) Dawson, - son of Lawrence A. and Mary Kiger Dawson, left Rockville in 1885 for the Dakota territory, where he amassed a fortune as a cattleman. Hal returned to Rocky Glen with his wife Frances (Fannie) Williams Dawson and their four . . . — — Map (db m135560) HM|
|St. Mary’s Church, built in 1817, is the oldest church still in use in Rockville. Rockville was chosen for the church location for its relatively large concentration of Catholics, it central location, and its prominence as the County seat. St. . . . — — Map (db m61) HM|
Original cost: $4,000.00
1885 │ 1929
1889 │ 1981
No. 4 — — Map (db m108322) HM|
|Baseball was Shirley Povich's true passion. In a career at The Washington Post that spanned 75 years, Povich covered the greats of the game from Walter Johnson to Cal Ripken Jr. The prolific and profound Povich covered the Washington . . . — — Map (db m141383) HM|
|A hearse drawn by four white horses was a hallmark of the Snowden Funeral Home, the first African American-owned funeral home in Montgomery County.
George Russell Snowden started the family business in 1918 in Howard County. In 1926, he brought . . . — — Map (db m32143) HM|
|Of the four presidential candidates in 1860, Abraham Lincoln received only 50 of Montgomery County's 2429 votes. Some of Rockville's 365 residents surrendered government jobs in Washington, refusing to sign the Oath of Loyalty, rather than face . . . — — Map (db m102181) HM|
|The Bell Tower Building, formerly the Rockville Christian Church, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior, under provisions of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.
In . . . — — Map (db m155023) HM|
|This two-story Federal structure is significant for its architecture and for its personal associations. The house is one of only two pre-1830 brick structures still intact in Rockville.
The front section is 24-feet high and 24-feet wide. It rests . . . — — Map (db m226) HM|
That We Through Life
May Not Forget to Love
The Thin Gray Line
Erected A.D. 1913
1861 CSA 1865 — — Map (db m106402) WM|
|This house was built on a 13.5-acre lot on the outskirts of Rockville in 1842. A stone marking the southwest corner of the original 1803 Rockville Plan is between this house and the adjacent Rockville Academy grounds. Matilda Holland, widow of . . . — — Map (db m74) HM|
|During the 1913-1914 holiday season, 28 cases of typhoid fever were reported in Rockville and three people died.
The new U.S. Public Health Service investigated, and identified the town's water system as the problem. Contaminated ground water . . . — — Map (db m108254) HM|
|Veirs Mill was built by Samuel Clark Veirs in 1838. It was operated by Veirs and Co., or Veirs and Bros., for 89 years. Known by many as Rock Creek Mills, it drew customers from Rockville and Mitchel's Crossroads (now Wheaton), through a route that . . . — — Map (db m78) HM|
|You are standing on the tract of land where Wootton's Mill once stood near Watts Branch stream. The gristmill was constructed and began operations in 1821. The saw and gristmill was powered by an overshot wheel, in which the weight of water . . . — — Map (db m108378) HM|