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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Rome
Rome, New York and Vicinity
▶ Oneida County (182) ▶ Herkimer County (102) ▶ Lewis County (16) ▶ Madison County (74) ▶ Oswego County (78) ▶ Otsego County (56)
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| Created in the 1940s, Alley Oop once stood watch outside the barracks of the former Rome Air Depot.
Named after the prehistoric comic strip character, servicemen crafted the statue in their spare time to guard the facility.
Thanks to the . . . — — Map (db m154124) HM|
| Artillery was a specialist discipline, requiring knowledge of math and use of measuring tools to calculate trajectories of cannon and mortar. Artillery soldiers therefore received better pay and living conditions than regular soldiers, although . . . — — Map (db m76037) HM|
|Colonel in the Continental Army. Served in Canada with Montgomery in 1775 in campaign against Quebec. Successfully defended Fort Stanwix in 1777 against the allied British and Indian forces under St.Leger, preventing their junction with Burgoyne at . . . — — Map (db m54179) HM|
|During the Siege
— of —
Aug. 2-22, 1777
——— • ———
The British dug their
zigzag trenches or
against the northwest
bastion, across the site . . . — — Map (db m54161) HM|
|Construction began in Rome N.Y. on July 4, 1817. The canal measured 40'x 28'x 4' and was 363 miles long. It went from Albany to Buffalo and was used into the 1830's. — — Map (db m54216) HM|
| This room has been laid out to look like the commandant’s quarters. The original quarters were located in the headquarters building, which was not reconstructed. The fort commander was a man of wealth and high social status, which was reflected in . . . — — Map (db m76019) HM|
|The outcome of the American Revolution, and the opening of the West during both wartime and peace, hinged upon events at this gateway between East and West.
Walk the Oneida Carrying Place
Rediscover this trail between East and West . . . — — Map (db m33310) HM|
|During the siege of
Fort Stanwix Aug. 1777
the Main British Camp
was between this point
and the bluff to the south — — Map (db m54159) HM|
Construction began here
July 4, 1817. First boat
trip from Rome to Utica
Oct. 22, 1819. 363 Mile
Canal completed Oct. 20, 1825 — — Map (db m11952) HM|
|Begun in the 1830's and enlarged to 70'x 56'x 7'. The improvement included double and larger locks and the capacity of handling more traffic. The enlargement was used until 1918 when the barge canal opened and horse-drawn boats became a thing of the . . . — — Map (db m54197) HM|
| Throughout the war, soldiers would have been accompanied by their families as they had no other way of supporting them. Later in the war it became common for officers, running low on assets, to also have their families join them. Most families . . . — — Map (db m76036) HM|
250 Paces from
here is the site of
the scene of fierce
struggles during the
early Indian Wars-
before the revolution
— — Map (db m43098) HM|
On Water Route
Many Killed By
French & Indians
March 27 1756
— — Map (db m100362) HM|
|Site of fort destroyed on
Aug. 31, 1756 by retreating
British army to prevent
capture by French during
French and Indian War — — Map (db m132662) HM|
|Fort Stanwix...is large and well situated. The Examination of this fortification gave me a better idea of the strength and Importance of a Fort than any thing I ever before saw or Read.
Captain Joseph Bloomfield, 1776 — — Map (db m33300) HM|
| Constructed 1755 to guard
Upper Mohawk River landing.
Destroyed August 31, 1756
by retreating British army
during French and Indian War. — — Map (db m152618) HM|
|During the August 1777 Siege of Fort Stanwix, British forces dug trenches near this site. This attempt to bring their guns closer to the fort's powder magazine, located in the bastion in front of you, failed.
At the end of the three-week siege, . . . — — Map (db m32485) HM|
| All soldiers were responsible for guard duty on a rotation basis. Each 24-hour period was the responsibility of one or more companies, each consisting of 40-60 soldiers. During this period they shared all guarding duties, sleeping and patrolling in . . . — — Map (db m76012) HM|
|For generations, in seasons of low water, the bateaux of traders and of the armies were here removed from the Mohawk (as the river then flowed) and conveyed across the Oneida carrying place to be re-launched in Wood Creek.
Here, Aug. 2, 1777, . . . — — Map (db m54145) HM|
| John B. Jervis, 1795-1885,
built this home 1857-1858.
Engineer for Erie Canal,
NYC Croton Aqueduct and
Harlem River High Bridge. — — Map (db m152622) HM|
|An eminent canal, railway and waterworks engineer, he began his career in connection with the Erie Canal construction at Rome in 1817. He was chief engineer for the completion of the Delaware and Hudson Canal, and for the original Croton Aqueduct . . . — — Map (db m104656) HM|
|Jervis Public Library
has been placed on the
National Register of
Historic Places in 1982
by the United States
Department of the Interior — — Map (db m152623) HM|
| In contrast to the European military, where officer’s commissions were usually bought, in the Continental army it was possible to earn battlefield promotions. In this way even enlisted men could become junior ranking officers (e.g. ensign, . . . — — Map (db m76038) HM|
| While missionaries generally went into Indian lands simply with a desire to spread the word of the Christian God and to do good works, the American Revolution involved them in political missions as well. Both the Americans and the British used . . . — — Map (db m76044) HM|
| The orderly room was the headquarters of the fort, where officers conducted the general business of the fort: writing daily garrison orders, holding meetings, completing paperwork and staging Courts Martial. This room has been laid out to look . . . — — Map (db m76021) HM|
| This bombproof, being relatively dry, was used as the powder magazine. This was revealed through period documentation, and it also explains why the British targeted this part of the fort during the 1777 siege. Munitions stored in this bombproof . . . — — Map (db m76013) HM|
Marker — — Map (db m39833) HM|
March 4th 1796
Village incorporated 1819
City incorporated Feb. 23, 1870 — — Map (db m54219) HM|
|Rome Court House
Rebuilt 1849, Greek Revival
Style, public square given
by Dominick Lynch, replaced
one built 1807 as system
of half-shire towns began
wings and dome added 1902 — — Map (db m54234) HM|
|More than 2,000 Italians immigrated to Rome between 1890 and 1929. They found work in the expanding factories of East Rome and encouraged their families and friends to move here. Generations later, this neighborhood is still a cultural center for . . . — — Map (db m141835) HM|
Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy
of Massachusetts addressed
two thousand Romans from
this site September 29, 1960, in
his quest for the presidency
of the United States. — — Map (db m43355) HM|
| Compare this barracks building to the other soldiers’ quarters in the casemates. At first glance this might look like a far more pleasant environment than the dark casemates. However, look at the gaps in the walls and consider how cold it would get . . . — — Map (db m76041) HM|
| This space represents a typical quarters for regular soldiers. A casemate of this size would have housed at least 40 soldiers every night. The soldiers cooked and ate by the fire, and slept on the straw bunks. Soldiers slept sitting up because it . . . — — Map (db m76035) HM|
| This bombproof, with a ventilation shaft leading to the top of the bastion, was considered the best place for keeping food (salt meat, peas, flour, rice and vinegar) and other non-weapon supplies. For most of the fort’s history, it was a storage . . . — — Map (db m76011) HM|
|Here Aug. 3, 1777
Stars & Stripes
First Flew In Battle
Above the Southwest Bastion
Here Aug 2d to 22d Col. Peter Gansevoort's New York & Massachusetts Continentals successfully . . . — — Map (db m32402) HM|
| In a room such as this, the fort surgeon would have diagnosed the sick and treated the day-to-day illnesses of the garrison. The main illnesses were muscle strain due to the constant hard labor needed to run the fort, and infectious diseases . . . — — Map (db m76033) HM|
| The suttler was a civilian trader who acted as a link between the fort and the outside world. He traded with local American Indians, periodically taking furs to Albany to exchange for money or other goods. Soldiers and their families could . . . — — Map (db m76043) HM|
| Founded Jan. 27, 1875 by
Alphonso Johnson, Thomas
Gallaudet and Rome citizens. — — Map (db m152620) HM|
|The ceremonies outside the village of Rome on Independence Day, 1817, climaxed years of discussion about building the Erie Canal. Dignitaries and local citizens assembled at sunrise to attend the start of construction. Judge Joshua Hathaway, a . . . — — Map (db m50330) HM|
|Fort Stanwix is best known for the 1777 siege, but such dramatic events were not a feature of everyday life here.
Limited space inside the fort forced some soldiers and a few of their wives and children to live outside the walls. A unique . . . — — Map (db m33285) HM|
|For centuries water was the easiest way to move people, goods, and ideas. Hundreds of tons of trade goods passed over the Oneida Carrying Place — here raw materials sent east from the Great Lakes region passed manufactured goods heading west. . . . — — Map (db m32584) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m32411) HM|
|Built on the foundation of the original 18th-century fort, this reconstruction provides insight into the experiences of those who lived here.
Their stories are preserved in recreated rooms, barracks, and exhibits.
Their stories are told . . . — — Map (db m33286) HM|
Maintained as an arsenal
during the war of 1812 and
subsequently until 1873. — — Map (db m43285) HM|
|Here rest Unknown Soldiers of the American Revolution 1775 – 1783 — — Map (db m76047) HM|
|The British gun battery of four cannons and four mortars was located near the brick-red high rise building you see today in front of you. These relatively small weapons were unable to cause significant damage to the fort.
British commander . . . — — Map (db m32705) HM|
|Head of navigation on the Mohawk in former days. Here for untold ages pre-Indian drew forth his canoe and transported it to Wood Creek. Here, also, for many decades, in times of normal water the white man landed his bateau.
During the siege of . . . — — Map (db m54149) HM|
| Regiments were posted to the fort anywhere from four months to two years. As companies moved in and out of the fort, a space like this served as temporary lodging for the officers of a newly arriving regiment. Such space also housed officers . . . — — Map (db m76034) HM|
|For centuries American Indians, traders, soldiers, and travelers crossed over this very path. Here goods and ideas were exchanged.
The name of this portage trail between two river systems is the "Oneida Carrying Place." It served as a major . . . — — Map (db m32662) HM|
|The spring-fed stream, reconstructed here, supplied the garrison with water for drinking and washing. Extending out from the fort was an elevated latrine called a "necessary." It ran into a short channel that fed downstream to the fort's garden. . . . — — Map (db m32417) HM|
|At midnight Aug. 8, 1777, Fort Stanwix being invested by the British, Lieut. Col. Marinus Willett and Lieut. Stockwell threaded their way through the swamp then intervening, crossed the Mohawk River by means of a log, slipped between the hostile . . . — — Map (db m138790) HM WM|