Founded in 1905, Rotary International is headquartered in Evanston, Illinois and is the world’s oldest service organization. This plaque is erected on the occasion of the 92nd Annual Convention in which more than 20,000 Rotarians from over 120 . . . — — Map (db m30193) HM
In November 1916, Maj. Benjamin Foulois of the Aviation Section of the U.S. Army's Signal Corps chose a tract of land approximately three-fourths of a mile to the southeast of this spot to serve as a flying field for the Army Aviation Corps. In . . . — — Map (db m65285) HM
These plazas, or squares, are absolutely necesarias for the health, comfort and convenience of the public, and all are equally interested in maintaining them for the people .. no obstruction of a permanent character should ever be allowed upon . . . — — Map (db m215052) HM
56 Canary Islanders founded a village, "San Fernando de Béjar", after arriving March 9, 1731.
They walked nearly 1,200 miles from Veracruz, with children, livestock and all their worldly possessions, for more than six months after a . . . — — Map (db m179534) HM
While serving in the Strategic Air Command as a B-52 aircraft commander, Major Confer was selected to be in the initial cadre that launched the first operational B-58 flying program. The B-58 was the United States first Mach 2 bomber, he was . . . — — Map (db m207775) HM
In 1896, a court case involving Ricardo Rodríguez brought attention to questions of citizenship and voting rights for Mexican Texans. Although several actions had granted citizenship to large numbers of Tejanos during the 1800s, some sought to . . . — — Map (db m130096) HM
In years gone by, the southern portion of Main Plaza was devoted to the restaurant purposes of the Mexicans, and there one could obtain at any time a plate of chili-con-carne, frijoles, tamales, or whatever his taste might crave in the way of . . . — — Map (db m30206) HM
Area was first explored and named by Spaniards in 1691. Colonial settlement began here May 1-5, 1718, with founding of Franciscan Mission San Antonio de Valero (later known as "The Alamo"). In vicinity of the mission was the Presidio San Antonio . . . — — Map (db m30588) HM
These iron 4 pound cannon replicas are based on the measurements of the cannons recovered in 1852 by Samuel Maverick near the northwest corner of the Alamo. Archival research indicates that these cannons were on site but not in use during the Battle . . . — — Map (db m188609) HM
Brooks Air Force Base was originally named Kelly Field No. 5. In 1918, it was renamed to honor Sidney J. Brooks, a San Antonio pilot whose plane went down during his final training flight, resulting in his death. — — Map (db m208026) HM
The Air Force mission ceased at Brooks Air Force Base on September 15, 2011, ending 94 years of military activity. The property was conveyed for redevelopment to Brooks Development Authority (BDA) in a unique partnership between the U.S. Air Force, . . . — — Map (db m208190) HM
Engineering, technology, and great labor were needed to protect the city from periodic deluges.
Nature Nurtures Our Communities, but it can also cause great destruction. This creek, that served as the cradle of first settlement in 1718 . . . — — Map (db m213481) HM
Plenty of legendary pilots were trained at Brooks. Some notables include Charles Lindbergh, who became the first pilot to fly across the Atlantic and Jimmy Doolittle, who led a critical mission during the Pacific War in 1942. — — Map (db m208024) HM
Although Bexar County had three popular mineral water spas at one time, none of the others equaled Hot Wells Hotel's reputation for luxury.
Hot Wells guests could choose from a variety of facilities: 3 swimming pools, 45 private bathing . . . — — Map (db m213243) HM
Civil War Dead
An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the US government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury tallen Union . . . — — Map (db m163714) HM
By the Early 1720s the mission, presidio, and villa, established by the Spanish on the upper reaches of San Pedro Creek, had been moved downstream and closer to the San Antonio River. The mission was located on the east side of the river, and . . . — — Map (db m214538) HM
The Air Force School of Aviation Medicine moved to Brooks in 1959, making it the center of space medicine research. The Aerospace Medical complex was dedicated by President John F. Kennedy in 1963 the day before his assassination in Dallas, Texas, . . . — — Map (db m208020) HM
This Multi-Layered Urban Cultral Site, which was uncovered by archaeologists during construction, is a testament to the confluence of ethnic groups who have directly shaped the unique culture of San Antonio. The sediment encapsulated under these . . . — — Map (db m214344) HM
This is the site of a burial ground. Beginning about 1780, the remains of indigenous people and other local inhabitants were interred in this church that was never completed. They were removed during an archeological . . . — — Map (db m213536) HM
In the late 1700s, residents of the Villa de San Fernando petitioned the King of Spain for permission to furrow an acequia (irrigation ditch) to water the land for the growing population. After years of opposition from the San Antonio de Valero . . . — — Map (db m213326) HM
Begun in 1776, this acequia diverted water for irrigation from the San Antonio River headwaters area in Brackenridge Park. The acequia route went past this point, along St. Mary's Street and Euclid, crossing the 1738 Acequia Principal near Cypress . . . — — Map (db m213327) HM
One in a network of ditches begun by the Spanish and their Indian charges at the founding of San Antonio in 1718. Hand-dug and made of dressed limestone, the acequia diverted water from San Antonio River through fields belonging to San Antonio de . . . — — Map (db m195103) HM
As the granddaughter of Lorenzo de Zavala (1789-1836), first vice-president of the Republic of Texas, young Adina de Zavala was exposed to vivid accounts of Texas' revolutionary and republican past. She became a guiding force in the preservation . . . — — Map (db m61083) HM
Teacher, historian and preservationist Adina Emilia de Zavala was born in Harris County, Texas, on November 28, 1861. She was the daughter of Augustine and Julia Tyrrell de Zavala, and the granddaughter of Lorenzo de Zavala, first Vice-President of . . . — — Map (db m163739) HM
Brooks has been home to revolutionary advancements in aviation such as "flying blind," in which pilots rely on airplane instruments to fly through conditions of low visibility. The world's first transcontinental flight took place from Brooks as a . . . — — Map (db m208191) HM
On this spot bodies of heroes slain at the Alamo were burned on a funeral pyre. Fragments of the bodies were afterward buried here. This tablet is the gift of relatives of Green B. Jemision and of other friends.
The De . . . — — Map (db m30589) HM
Mission San Antonio de Valero, established nearby in 1718, was relocated here in 1724. By 1762, the mission plaza was enclosed by thick stone and adobe walls. The 11x14-foot main gateway was located at this site along the south wall. In 1803 . . . — — Map (db m30713) HM
Near this site in 1879, Englishman William Loyd discovered a blue argillaceous limestone believed to be a natural cement rock. Analysis by San Antonio druggist and chemist George H. Kalteyer confirmed the rock contained proper proportions of lime . . . — — Map (db m65282) HM
Alejo de la Encarnación Pérez, infant son of Maria Juana Navarro Pérez, was the youngest known survivor of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo. From 1861 to 1864 Alejo served in the Confederate Army. After the Civil War he served the city of San Antonio in . . . — — Map (db m201644) HM
Alfred Giles is remembered as a major architect who designed many edifices throughout Texas in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Born in 1853 in Hillingdon, Middlesex County, England, Giles spent his early days as an architect's . . . — — Map (db m118800) HM
The dancers who... were many young Americans...sought earnestly to act gracefully toward their partners, but in comparison with the natural charm and grace of their companions, the contrast was very obvious. This national difference was still more . . . — — Map (db m188818) HM
At this location an exciting discovery was made. Approximately two feet below the current surface archaeologist recently uncovered a circular stone platform - but what is it?
Alamo archaeologist Kristi Nichols explains, "It appears to be . . . — — Map (db m188522) HM
"There will be, as there always are, pressures in this country to do less in this area as in so many others, and temptations to do something else that is perhaps easier. But this research here must go on. This space effort must go on. The conquest . . . — — Map (db m208019) HM
This Land Near the San Antonio River, known today as Brackenridge Park, has been a gathering place since prehistoric times. Because of this rich history, numerous archaeological projects have been conducted within the park. These investigations . . . — — Map (db m214785) HM
Dedicated 17 November 1991 to the Kelly Field Heritage Foundation by Lt Gen (Ret) Thomas McMullen, Maj Gen (Ret) Lewis G. Curtis and Maj Gen Richard D. Smith
The B-58 was the world's first supersonic strategic bomber and set . . . — — Map (db m207777) HM
At first called "Devil's Rope" by cowboys, barbed wire was patented in 1873 but found little favor with Texas cattlemen until the late 1870s, when its use and practicality were shown in a sensational demonstration here in San Antonio. Its . . . — — Map (db m61084) HM
Once called "bobwire" by cowboys, barbed wire was a French invention first patented in the U.S., in 1867, but it did not gain favor with cattlemen until late 1870s. Joseph Glidden of Dekalb, Illinois, received a patent for his barbed wire in 1874, . . . — — Map (db m30607) HM
By 1835, tensions between those in Mexico who supported republican ideals and the centralist Mexican government had escalated into all-out war. Seeking their independence, Texan revolutionaries won the town of San Antonio de Béxar from . . . — — Map (db m188616) HM
The year 1639 marked the first recorded observation of Venus crossing the Sun. Sir Edmund Halley (1656-1742) later predicted that using data from such crossings, known as transits, scientists could precisely quantify the astronomical unit of . . . — — Map (db m179653) HM
This street, located in the Monte Vista Historic District of San Antonio, is the oldest existing concrete pavement in Texas and a significant civil engineering achievement. At the turn of the 20th century, the U.S. was urbanizing and new more . . . — — Map (db m213323) HM
El Presidente Benito Juárez encabezó la Reforma que consolidó el México moderno, defendió la soberanía nacional contra la intervención extranjera e impulsó el desarrollo económico del país.
As one of the creators of modern Mexico, President . . . — — Map (db m82940) HM
Right Panel Preeminent Hero of Texas A man of rare initiative and courage • Of a modest and winning personality A devoted friend • Born in Frankfort Kentucky in 1788 Soldier in the War of 1812
Back Panel Trader with the . . . — — Map (db m213076) WM
The San Antonio River Provided Early Settlers with water for their homes and fields and power for small mills that ground corn and other grains. The first known mill was built at Mission San José in the 1790s, and by the late 1800s, many others, . . . — — Map (db m213417) HM
The San Antonio River Provided Power for mills that lined its banks from the headwater springs north of town to Mission Espada, a short distance south of here. Several mills built near this site, beginning in the middle 1800s, became the center . . . — — Map (db m213431) HM
The administrative government of Bexar County, besides being the oldest in Texas, is distinguished by having served under nine governments. The community served under Spanish rule from May, 1718, until January, 1811, when it was taken over by . . . — — Map (db m53972) HM
A German immigrant, August Biesenbach (1848-1915) and his wife, Louisa (1852-1916), began construction of this house in 1880. The walls of the house are stucco over brick with a hipped roof and Gothic Revival details. From 1910 to 1955, the house . . . — — Map (db m118875) HM
The chronicle of encounters over decades and centuries tells the story of a city's beginnings and emergence.
Beginning In The 1680s, 160 years after the conquest of Mexico, several Spanish expeditions entered the still uncharted . . . — — Map (db m213498) HM
From The Bivouac of the Dead By Theodore O'Hara
The muffled drum's sad roll has beat
The soldier's last tattoo,
No more on life's parade shall meet
That brave and fallen few.
On Fame's eternal camping-ground
Their silent . . . — — Map (db m177357) WM
Land for this schoolhouse was given to Bexar County in 1919 by Albert F. Boldt. During that year this two-room building was constructed by local resident Fritz Gembler. From 1919 until 1960 it served as an educational facility for the children of . . . — — Map (db m205699) HM
Construction of Bolivar Hall was begun in 1940 and completed in 1941. The combination library, museum, and community center was dedicated to the promotion of inter-American peace, and was named in honor of South American patriot, Simon Bolivar. . . . — — Map (db m82915) HM
Otto Bombach, a carpenter, built this combination house and store in 1856 before moving to Mexico. His wife lived here and managed the property until it was sold in 1869. Victor Bracht, author of Texas in 1848, lived here briefly, and in . . . — — Map (db m82888) HM
Margarita Pérez de Rodríguez, consort of Compañía de Béxar soldier Jose Antonio Rodríguez, was given this land "in satisfaction of her constitutional allowance." She sold the property in 1851 to San Antonio postmaster John Bowen, who conveyed it to . . . — — Map (db m82896) HM
The narrow strip of land known to residents in the middle 1800s as Galveston Island was actually a peninsula surrounded on three sides by a bend in the San Antonio River. It was called an island because the fourth side was almost completely closed . . . — — Map (db m128527) HM
This tract of land is a natural peninsula in the San Antonio River. It once was bounded by the river on three sides and on the fourth by the Concepcion Acequia. In 1845 John Bowen, a native of Philadelphia, bought the property from Maria Josefa . . . — — Map (db m30864) HM
Native Americans Camped for thousands of years along the meandering river formed by springs near this site. They found shelter in the wooded landscape and were nourished by abundant vegetation and wildlife. Spanish colonists who arrived in the . . . — — Map (db m214754) HM
The City Immediately Began to improve George Brackenridge's 199-acre gift. Ludwig Mahncke, chairman of the city's Parks and Plazas Committee, designed winding roads and paths through the dense woods. Recreational attractions were added as the . . . — — Map (db m214762) HM
In 1897, the Sisters purchased the 283 acre Fernridge estate from Colonel George W. Brackenridge as the site for a new Motherhouse for the growing Congregation.
The house was renamed the Brackenridge Villa by the Sisters. After 3 years as the . . . — — Map (db m214713) HM
Until the mid-1980's, the Sisters' land west of the San Antonio River was a natural, wooded area, with many headwaters springs. Sisters recall walking through a "wilderness" and seeing springs bubbling up from the ground.
A small dam downstream . . . — — Map (db m214709) HM
To assure a constant flow of water to Mission Espada's fields, Franciscans and Indians dug ditches curving along the contours of the river valley. Only here, where Sixmile Creek slashes the hillside, did the natural lay of the land impose a blockade . . . — — Map (db m213544) HM
Built early in 1918 for JN-4 (Jenny) planes used in World War I pilot training.
In later classes here were many great pilots, including Chas. A. Lindbergh, first man to solo across the Atlantic. "Old 9" was initiation site of Blind Flying . . . — — Map (db m208009) HM
On 5 February 1940 flying cadets of class 40-A became the first to receive flight training here since 1931, when Randolph Field opened. Class 40-A was the first ever to receive advanced flight training here, thereby initiating this mission for . . . — — Map (db m208011) HM
Brooks Air Force Base was built in 1918 and established as a U.S. Army Air Corps installation to provide advanced flight training for cadets. San Antonio was chosen for its location in part because of its clear and consistent climate. — — Map (db m208193) HM
Mission Espada has always had a spiritual heart, but it has not always beat in exactly the same location. Catastrophic epidemics struck Espada from time to time, and church construction efforts mirrored the population's rise and fall-as well as the . . . — — Map (db m215166) HM
Official Historical Medallion - Texas Historical Commission Completed in 1909 for Gen. John Lampham Bullis, this Neo-Classical Revival Residence was designed by San Antonio architect Harvey Page. A native of New York, Bullis spent much of his . . . — — Map (db m35099) HM
Spanish soldiers saved this 18th-century cannon from a shipwreck in Matagorda Bay located off the Texas coast in 1817. It was brought to San Antonio where it was later captured by Texian forces during the Battle of Béxar (1835). The following year, . . . — — Map (db m188593) HM
Heroic defender of honor of Texas and the United States. Born in Lexington, N.C., came to Texas in 1869. Gained National fame as Grayson County Marshal and Deputy Sheriff, 1871 - 1876. Served with Frontier Battalion, Texas Rangers, 1876 - 1880, . . . — — Map (db m163407) HM
One of the founders of the Groos National Bank, Carl W. Goos (1830-1893) came to Texas from Germany in 1848. The Groos home, designed by Alfred Giles, was built in 1880 by John H. Campmann. Porch detailing on the Victorian residence reveals . . . — — Map (db m118893) HM
Casa José Antonio
has been designated a
Home of statesman and historian José Antonio Navarro (1795-1871), signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, a writer of the State Constitution, . . . — — Map (db m131014) HM
One block south of the O'Henry house is the Casa Navarro, a historic adobe homesite that was owned by José Antonio Navarro (1795-1871). Navarro, a prominent San Antonio rancher and merchant, served as a Texas legislator under the governments of . . . — — Map (db m179458) HM
This school originated at a time when San Antonio lacked a boys' school of any kind. Bishop Jean-Marie Odin obtained teachers in France from the Society of Mary: Nicholas Koenig, Jean-Baptiste Laignaux, and Xavier Mauclerc. Andrew Edel, another . . . — — Map (db m179618) HM
Evangelist David Pennington came to San Antonio in 1883 and organized this Christian (Disciples of Christ) congregation. He held worship services in a variety of borrowed facilities until a sanctuary was constructed at this site in 1884. Central . . . — — Map (db m179572) HM
Episcopalians first worshiped in this Laurel Heights neighborhood in 1907, under the auspices of St. Mark's Church downtown. Christ Episcopal Church was formed in 1911, with the Rev. John D. Ridout as its first rector. In 1913, ground was broken . . . — — Map (db m176083) HM
Constructed by the Christopher Columbus Italian Society in 1927 to complement the San Francesco Di Paola Catholic Church next door, this building was dedicated in January 1928. Designed by Richard Vander Stratten and built by Luigi L. Guido and . . . — — Map (db m179409) HM
Title to the Alamo Mission property,
acquired through her efforts and
her personal fortune, was conveyed by
to the State of Texas, Sept. 5th 1905:
“That the sacred shrine be saved from the
encroachments of . . . — — Map (db m30734) HM
A descendant of early Texas colonists, including a veteran of San Jacinto, Clara Driscoll was born in Refugio County and grew up as a wealthy rancher's daughter. In 1903, soon after returning from school in Europe, she learned that the Long . . . — — Map (db m30130) HM
Cock fighting may be designated as a peculiar institution of old San Antonio and one that is not forgotten today though it is not so publicly engaged in as formerly. There are citizens now living in this city who can remember when on Sunday . . . — — Map (db m215043) HM
South Carolina native John "Jack" Coker came to Texas in 1834 and fought in the Battle of San Jacinto. In gratitude for his service, Coker received from the Republic of Texas a one-third league, which totalled 1,920 acres and was situated along . . . — — Map (db m177119) HM
Came to Texas 1829. Served in Battles of Anahuac and San Jacinto in Texas War for Independence and the Indian, Mexican and Civil Wars. Born Natchez, Miss., Married Mary Ann Sawyer 1850. Prominent in Civic and Public Affairs.
Recorded - . . . — — Map (db m163736) HM
(Born August 1, 1809) sacrificed his life for Texas liberty while defending the north wall of the Alamo in the vicinity of the present day federal building (across Houston) on March 6, 1836. — — Map (db m188587) HM
At an elevation of 1340 feet, Comanche Hill is the fourth highest point in Bexar County. The hill lies on the southeastern edge of the Edwards Plateau and makes up the western edge of the Blackland Prairie. Throughout history this site has provided . . . — — Map (db m157297) HM
The 20th anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signing ceremony which occurred in this place on October 7, 1992 between the countries of Canada, Mexico, and the United States of America. From left to right (standing) . . . — — Map (db m82883) HM
Life in San Antonio in the 1700s revolved around Main and Military plazas west of the river and Mission San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo) east of the river.
Residents traveled between the plazas and mission along an unpaved street that led to a . . . — — Map (db m119155) HM
Originally named Presidio Street because it formed the north boundary of the historic Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, it was renamed Commerce to indicate its importance to the city's business activities. Other portions at various times were named . . . — — Map (db m214349) HM
The main ford between San Fernando de Bexar (the city) and San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo), this river crossing has long been a focal point of history. At its footbridge on Feb 23, 1836, Alamo emissary Albert Martin met to parley with Santa Anna's . . . — — Map (db m30591) HM
Created by Texas Secession Convention, Jan. 1861. A committee of 15 men to prevent public disorder and - in the face of open hostility from Governor Sam Houston - enforce secession convention mandates.
On Feb.18,1861, in what might well have . . . — — Map (db m176130) HM
Members Of Hunting And Gathering Tribes known collectively as Coahuiltecans found food and protection at Mission Espada in the 1700s. Daily life for those who chose to live here included instruction in language, religion, agriculture, building . . . — — Map (db m213718) HM
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