Geographic Sort Historical Markers and War Memorials in Sandy Hook, New Jersey
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Sandy Hook, New Jersey

Clickable Map of Monmouth County, New Jersey and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Monmouth County, NJ (244) Burlington County, NJ (283) Mercer County, NJ (286) Middlesex County, NJ (211) Ocean County, NJ (47) Queens County, NY (78) Richmond County, NY (151)  MonmouthCounty(244) Monmouth County (244)  BurlingtonCounty(283) Burlington County (283)  MercerCounty(286) Mercer County (286)  MiddlesexCounty(211) Middlesex County (211)  OceanCounty(47) Ocean County (47)  QueensCountyNew York(78) Queens County (78)  RichmondCounty(151) Richmond County (151)
Sandy Hook is in Monmouth County
    Monmouth County (244)
    Burlington County (283)
    Mercer County (286)
    Middlesex County (211)
    Ocean County (47)
    Queens County, New York (78)
    Richmond County, New York (151)
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1New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — H.M.S. Assistance Tragedy MemorialHalyburton Monument
On this spot were buried the remains of the Honorable Hamilton Douglas Halyburton, 1st Lieutenant, Royal Navy, son of the Earl of Morton, and James Champion, Lieutenant of Marines. Together with twelve members of the crew of H.M.S. Assistance who . . . Map (db m5658) HM
2New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 200 Years of ServiceAids to Navigation — Maritime History —
From the first federally funded lifesaving stations built in 1849 to today’s busy bases, the history of the United States Coast Guard can be traced along New Jersey’s coast. In 1915, the Life-Saving Marine Service were combined to form the U.S. . . . Map (db m22665) HM
3New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — A Last Tragic Episode of the American Revolution
On New Years Eve 1783, British forces were evacuating New York City as part of their final withdrawal from the new American Nation. The British warship H.M.S. Assistance was anchored in Sandy Hook Bay when 11 seamen deserted the ship. 1st . . . Map (db m22579) HM
4New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 29 — A Late Addition to Officers Row
When Officers Row was built, this site was left vacant to allow space for the West Beacon Range Light. Ships traveling across Raritan Bay would line up the lighthouse and beacon lights to mark their way. After the West Beacon was demolished in the . . . Map (db m54511) HM
5New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 23 — Army Docks
The first wharf built here was used to bring in granite blocks for the Fort at Sandy Hook. Later, cannon to be tested at the Sandy Hook Proving Ground were received here. In the 1890s barges arrived carrying the materials to build Fort . . . Map (db m54505) HM
6New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 9 — Athletic Field
The army encouraged sporting events and friendly competition between units on the post and among neighboring forts. Fort Hancock had its own baseball, football, bowling, basketball, and weight lifting teams, which competed with posts in the region. . . . Map (db m54482) HM
7New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 31 — Bachelor Officers’ Quarters
The BOQ housed unmarried officers. Captains and majors lived on the second floor in their own suites with private baths and sitting rooms. Lieutenants occupied single bedrooms and shared a bathroom on the top floor. The first floor was the original . . . Map (db m54519) HM
8New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 12 — Baked Fresh Daily!
Every day at the Post Bakery, fresh bread was made for the mess halls and for sale at the Post Commissary. At 3 a.m. each morning soldiers would begin baking bread to feed the hundreds of troops who would report to the mess hall at 6 a.m., noon, . . . Map (db m54496) HM
9New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 30 — Barracks Row
Enlisted men lived on Barracks Row facing the parade ground. The four identical buildings each held a full battery of 80 soldiers. The U-shaped double barracks on the far right, built in 1909, held two batteries. Each barracks had its own mess . . . Map (db m54516) HM
10New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 21 — Barracks, School, Headquarters
This barracks was built for the enlisted men at the Sandy Hook Proving Ground. After the proving ground moved to Aberdeen, Maryland, in 1919, it became the Fort Hancock School and later Headquarters for the 7th Coast Artillery Regiment. Sandy Hook . . . Map (db m54534) HM
11New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Battery Granger
Granger’s 10-inch rifle could strike a battleship eight miles out to sea. A simple counterweight system quickly raised and lowered the gun, and a well-trained crew could fire off two rounds a minute. Protected in front by fifty feet of earth and . . . Map (db m22697) HM
12New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Battery Potter
The army operated its first and only lift gun battery here from 1893 to 1906. Inside its cavernous galleries, two 12-inch guns could be raised to the surface for firing and lowered for loading and servicing. Concealed and protected from enemy fire, . . . Map (db m22695) HM
13New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — British Embarkation
On July 5, 1778 armies under General Sir Henry Clinton passed this point to reach British ships, at anchor off Horseshoe Cove, which evacuated them to New York. This completed their withdrawal through Middletown from Freehold after the Battle of . . . Map (db m22575) HM
14New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 18 — Chemical Laboratory
Cannon and artillery projectiles were not the only weapons tested at the Sandy Hook Proving Ground. Rifles, machine guns, and new types of gun powder and explosive fuses were tested there. At the chemistry lab, explosive and propellant compounds . . . Map (db m54529) HM
15New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 39 — Chow Time!
Fort Hancock’s barracks originally included barber and tailor shops, a kitchen, and a mess hall. After a few years, the army wanted more bunk space and these operations were moved to new detached mess halls built directly behind each barracks. . . . Map (db m54439) HM
16New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 36 — Company, Attention!
The parade ground is one of the most important fixtures of any military post. Here troops drilled, formed for inspection, held morning calisthenics, and paraded and reviewed for senior military officers and visiting dignitaries. Fort Hancock was . . . Map (db m54451) HM
17New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Ferry Landing and ChapelExplore Gateway National Recreation Area
Sandy Hook Ferry Landing Many park visitors enjoy the scenic ride on the ferry from New York City to Sandy Hook each summer. Visitors coming from the city enjoy using the ocean side beaches, campground and multi-use path. Sandy Hook . . . Map (db m151975) HM
18New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 3 — Fill’er Up!
The Fort Hancock Gas Station was operated by the Post Exchange. It was the only filling station on post where soldiers with privately owned vehicles could buy fuel or have them serviced. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to 1974.Map (db m54438) HM
19New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 13 — Fire House Number 1
Fort Hancock’s first fire station was manned by enlisted soldiers who were the post’s firefighters. The tower at the rear of the building was used for drying hoses. Today this is the National Park Service Sandy Hook fire fighting station. Fort . . . Map (db m54497) HM
20New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 2 — Fire House Number 2
Fort Hancock’s soldiers doubled as firefighters. This firehouse was built close to Barracks Row so the soldiers who lived there could quickly get to the fire fighting equipment. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to 1974.Map (db m54437) HM
21New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Fort HancockCoastal Defenses of Sandy Hook — Maritime History —
Sandy Hook has been fortified to defend New York Harbor for more than two centuries – first by British Loyalists occupying the Sandy Hook Lighthouse during the American Revolution and the American troops constructed a wooden palisade fort . . . Map (db m22645) HM
22New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 15 — Fort Hancock Officers’ Club
This stately structure was officers’ quarters for the Sandy Hook Proving Ground until it moved to Aberdeen, Maryland, in 1919. It housed Fort Hancock officers until 1936, then it became the Officers’ Club and its red brick exterior was painted . . . Map (db m54521) HM
23New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 4 — Handball Court
In 1941, a new gymnasium was built on the other side of the YMCA. The smaller gym that stood here was demolished and the site was converted to a handball court. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to 1974.Map (db m54443) HM
24New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 22 — Hasty Additions in Wartime
When World War II began in Europe in 1939, the U.S. Army numbered 175,000 men. By the time of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the army had swelled to over 1.5 million. To accommodate this influx, temporary wooden “mobilization” building . . . Map (db m54536) HM
25New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 27 — History House
This officer’s home, designed for a lieutenant and his family, was a testament to the rank and privilege of officers in the small peacetime army of the late 19th century. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to 1974.Map (db m54508) HM
26New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 34 — Hospital Steward’s Quarters
The chief steward was responsible for maintaining and running operations of the Post Hospital under the directions of the Chief Medical officer. Today, the building is the NJ Audubon Society’s Sandy Hook Bird Observatory. Fort Hancock was in . . . Map (db m54477) HM
27New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Keeping the LightGateway Natl Rec Area — Sandy Hook —
For more than a century, Sandy Hook Lighthouse keepers lived in isolation at the end of this windswept peninsula. In the 1890s, the U.S. Army began building massive concrete gun batteries here to defend the entrance to New York harbor. Fort . . . Map (db m22591) HM
28New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Lighting the WayGateway National Recreation Area — Sandy Hook —
When the Sandy Hook Lighthouse was built in 1764, ships entered New York Harbor through a natural channel that ran close to the Sandy Hook shore. Sandbars were a constant danger and the merchants of New York built the Lighthouse to protect their . . . Map (db m22756) HM
29New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 1 — Lights Out!
The beacon on the Sandy Hook Lighthouse was extinguished on December 8, 1941, the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor. It remained dark until the end of World War II in 1945.Map (db m54432) HM
30New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 6 — Lock’em Up!
Like any small town, Fort Hancock had a jail. Military life was strict and a soldier could be punished for an offense as minor as being outside his barracks after lights-out. Military penalties could include loss of rank, heavy fines, . . . Map (db m54466) HM
31New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 19 — Locomotive Engineer’s House
The senior railroad engineer, who ran Sandy Hook’s locomotives, lived here. An extensive military railroad system carried guns and ammunition to the Sandy Hook Proving Ground and later supplied all of Fort Hancock. Today, the building is used as a . . . Map (db m54532) HM
32New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Mortar Battery
Four mortars occupied a single pit. With twelve other mortars in nearby pits, they were designed to fire simultaneously, lobbing 12-inch, 800-pound shells in high arcs, to penetrate ships’ lightly-armored decks. Built in the early 1890’s, this was . . . Map (db m22648) HM
33New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 14 — Mule Barn
In the days before automobiles, armies moved by horse and mule power. Fort Hancock stabled its army mules in this building. The teamsters, or mule skinners who drove the mule teams, lived in the house next door. In later years, the barn was . . . Map (db m54498) HM
34New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Navigating Sandy Hook WatersAids to Navigation — Maritime History —
The broad expanse of New York Harbor is misleading. Shoals and sandbars pose underwater threats to navigation and ships must stay in channels for safe passage. Until the Ambrose Channel was created, all ships entered the harbor through a natural . . . Map (db m22693) HM
35New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 38 — New York Yankees vs. Hometown SluggersFort Hancock
On Monday, April 5, 1943, the New York Yankees played the Fort Hancock baseball team on this very field. While future Hall of Famers Joe DiMaggio and Phil Rizzuto were serving their country in the Armed Forces, others, including Joe Gordon and Bill . . . Map (db m54460) HM
36New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Nike Ajax Explosion Memorial
Nike Ajax Explosion Battery B. 526th Missile Battalion Leonardo, New Jersey In Memoriam 22 May 1958 Sgt. Daniel J. Lavengood Sgt. Jerome W. Mould SP3 Walter E. Berry SP3 William I. Cochran PFC Donald L. Marsh Pvt. Nicklos J. Composino Ord. Corps . . . Map (db m22642) HM WM
37New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — NOAA Fisheries ServiceJames J. Howard Marine Sciences Laboratory
Established in September 1961, the Sandy Hook Marine Laboratory was the first Federal scientific laboratory devoted solely to research on marine recreational fish and fishing. It was originally located on the bay approximately 300 ft from here in . . . Map (db m54553) HM
38New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 25 — Officers Row
Eighteen houses comprise Officers Row; each was home to an officer and his family. Traditionally, officers’ homes faced toward the parade ground. Here however, army architects placed them facing Sandy Hook Bay to take advantage of the cool summer . . . Map (db m54503) HM
39New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 24 — Post Chapel
Weddings, christenings, funerals, and services of all faiths took place here in Fort Hancock’s chapel. It is one of the few surviving buildings from the pre-World War II mobilization period of 1940-41. First Sergeant Lawrence Markle, 7th Coast . . . Map (db m54501) HM
40New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 10 — Post Commissary
The commissary was a storage warehouse for provisions such as sugar, flour, coffee, canned meats, and other food stuffs needed at the mess halls. The commissary also had a small shop where army personnel and civilian employees living on post could . . . Map (db m54489) HM
41New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 8 — Post Exchange
This building was Fort Hancock’s original gymnasium and in 1941 became the Post Exchange or PX. Soldiers could buy personal items here or go bowling at the four-lane alley located in the basement. The cost for a game in 1942 was 15 cents. Fort . . . Map (db m54470) HM
42New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 32 — Post Headquarters
Here the commanding officer and his staff ran the day-to-day operations of Fort Hancock. A post of this size was usually commanded by a colonel. During World War II, Fort Hancock was headquarters for all New York Harbor Defenses under the command . . . Map (db m54483) HM
43New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 26 — Post Theater
Soldiers could catch the latest films of the day at the Post Theater, which seated 300. The average ticket price in the 1930s and 1940s was ten cents. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to 1974.Map (db m54506) HM
44New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Protecting American CoastsCoastal Defense — Maritime History —
Established in 1943, to store and supply ammunition for the Atlantic fleet, the Earle Naval Weapons Station plays a key role in protecting American coastal cities and ports. Its deep-water pier is 2.9 miles long and can service several naval vessels . . . Map (db m22664) HM
45New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 20 — Proving Ground Foreman’s House
This was the home for one of the foremen at the Sandy Hook Proving Ground. After the proving ground closed in 1919, it was used for housing noncommissioned officers and their families. Today, this building is a residence for National Park Service . . . Map (db m54533) HM
46New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 11 — Quartermaster Storehouse
This warehouse was used to store uniforms, blankets, furniture, and other personal supplies for Fort Hancock’s garrison. The “Fort Hancock” painted on the roof was a marker for pilots. This was originally a two-story building and the . . . Map (db m54491) HM
47New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Rodman Gun
Developed in the Civil War era, this type of 20-inch gun gave the U.S. the largest muzzle-loading cannon ever made. At the same time, however, rifled guns were being developed which made all smoothbore cannon obsolete. With spin from spiral . . . Map (db m168234) HM
48New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Rodman Gun
Developed in the Civil War era, this type of 20-inch gun gave the U.S. the largest muzzle-loading cannon ever made. At the same time, however, rifled guns were being developed which made all smoothbore cannon obsolete. With spin from spiral . . . Map (db m168235) HM
49New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Sandy HookGateway National Recreation Area — Sandy Hook Unit —
Stretching off the northern tip of the New Jersey Shore, the 1,650 acre peninsula preserves six miles of ocean beaches enjoyed by more than two million visitors a year. But there’s much more. Beyond its well-known beaches, sand dunes and salt . . . Map (db m22754) HM
50New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Sandy Hook Barracks Building #22 Built 1899
Listed in The National register of Historic Places: 1980 Barracks Building #22 is a contributing structure in the Fort Hancock and Sandy Hook Proving Ground National Historic District. Throughout its history, Fort Hancock played a major role . . . Map (db m36891) HM
51New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Sarah Patterson Johnson[New Jersey] Women's Heritage Trail
Sarah Patterson Johnson was officially appointed Assistant Keeper of the Sandy Hook Lighthouse on May 27, 1867. Sarah assisted the Head Keeper, her brother, Charles Patterson, who tended the lighthouse from 1861 to 1885. Her family . . . Map (db m151970) HM
52New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 7 — Sergeants’ Row
Noncommissioned Officers and their families lived in this row of houses. Single NCOs lived in the barracks with their men. Today, these homes are residences for National Park Service staff. Please respect their privacy. Fort Hancock was in . . . Map (db m54469) HM
53New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 17 — Site of Master Mechanic’s Quarters
Fort Hancock was home to both military personnel and a civilian population of contractors and specialists. The civilians who lived on post worked, shopped, and went to school alongside their military neighbors. The building that stood here was home . . . Map (db m54528) HM
54New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2Aids to Navigation — Maritime History —
Sandbars, shallow waters, and winter storms off the New Jersey Shore were a constant danger to early sailing vessels. In a storm, wind and waves could destroy a helpless grounded ship, its cargo, and crew and passengers. Commerce in and out of New . . . Map (db m22613) HM
55New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 33 — The Best of Care
During World War II the Post Hospital became the focal point of a medical complex that served not only the garrison stationed here but also troops returning home from Europe. Fire destroyed the hospital in 1985. Fort Hancock was in operation from . . . Map (db m54478) HM
56New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 35 — The Dead House
This was the morgue for the Post Hospital. The soldiers called it the Dead House. It was later used as a U.S. Army recruiting office. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to 1974.Map (db m54479) HM
57New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — The Guns of Sandy Hook
The guns and missiles are silent now, most of them gone to scrap metal. But from colonial times until 1974, a series of defenses stood on Sandy Hook to guard New York Harbor. Here, for almost fifty years, the Army tested all its guns. And for eighty . . . Map (db m22635) HM
58New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 16 — The World War II Years
During World War II, Fort Hancock’s population swelled to over 10,000 and dozens of temporary wooden barracks and mess halls were built. More than 3,000 coast artillerymen were stationed here for New York Harbor defense, and thousands of others . . . Map (db m54524) HM
59New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 37 — This Is Why It’s Called Sandy Hook!
Fort Hancock was built on sand. To stabilize the ground, topsoil was imported in the early 1900s. A layer of earth several inches deep was added to the parade ground and to other areas around the post. Fort Hancock was in operation from 1895 to . . . Map (db m54453) HM
60New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 28 — World War II Victory GardenFort Hancock
Plant a Victory GardenAfter World War II began, nearly all of America’s industries converted to wartime production. Companies that built radios, cars and refrigerators began to manufacture jeeps, trucks and planes. This placed a great strain on . . . Map (db m54509) HM
61New Jersey (Monmouth County), Sandy Hook — 5 — Young Men’s Christian Association
YMCAs on military posts were places for rest and recreation and were built by private contributions. The Fort Hancock Y offered refreshments, game rooms, and a reading room. Visiting families could stay in rooms on the top floor. The one-story wing . . . Map (db m54446) HM
Oct. 18, 2021