“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Spanish Fort, Alabama

Clickable Map of Baldwin County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Baldwin County, AL (134) Clarke County, AL (39) Escambia County, AL (29) Mobile County, AL (172) Monroe County, AL (21) Washington County, AL (11) Escambia County, FL (122)  BaldwinCounty(134) Baldwin County (134)  ClarkeCounty(39) Clarke County (39)  EscambiaCounty(29) Escambia County (29)  MobileCounty(172) Mobile County (172)  MonroeCounty(21) Monroe County (21)  WashingtonCounty(11) Washington County (11)  EscambiaCountyFlorida(122) Escambia County (122)
Location of Spanish Fort, Alabama
    Baldwin County (134)
    Clarke County (39)
    Escambia County (29)
    Mobile County (172)
    Monroe County (21)
    Washington County (11)
    Escambia County, Florida (122)
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1Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — “Damn The Torpedoes!”The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864-1965
“Damn The Torpedoes!” is the familiar battle cry, but there’s much more to the story! The Mobile Bay Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . Map (db m81853) HM
2Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — 173d Airborne Brigade (Sep)1963 — 1971
In commemoration of all Sky Soldiers whose valor and sacrifice in defense of South Vietnam must never be forgotten "All Gave Some – Some Gave All" Map (db m100946) WM
3Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — 1st Division, U.S. Colored Troops
This earthen mound was part of a redoubt constructed by the 1st Division, U.S. Colored Troops in April, 1865. The regiment saw considerable action against Confederate warships protecting the Blakely River. These earthworks have been preserved as a . . . Map (db m100853) HM
4Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Albert Carey Danner — 1843~1921 —
Born in Winchester, Virginia, he moved to Missouri where at age 17 he enlisted in the State Guard. In 1861 he became a Private in the Confederate States Army, was captured during the Battle of Wilson's Creek and escaped. Captain Danner . . . Map (db m100880) HM
5Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Bay of the Holy Spirit
The earliest outline of a recognizable bay on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico was shown on a 1507 map by German cartographer Martin Waldeseemuller–the same map to first apply the name "America" to the New World. Alonso Álvarez de . . . Map (db m100841) HM
6Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Caisson Trace
A trail used in early times by Indians, Spanish Explorers, French Settlers and later by soldiers during the battle of Spanish Fort 1865. At one time a stream driven train paralleled this trace. Its ancient road bed can still be seen south of this . . . Map (db m100877) HM
7Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Confederate Drive
Named in honor of the 1,810 Men in Gray who defended the eastern approaches to Mobile in the battle of Spanish Fort March 26 ~ April 8-9, 1865. Here Brig. Gen. R. L. Gibson, C.S.A. engaged “…more than 20,000” enemy troops in the last . . . Map (db m100878) HM
8Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Confederate Main Line of Resistance(The Battle of Spanish Fort, March 26-April 9, 1865)
Twenty-nine Union field guns, manned by men of the 3d Indiana, 1st Illinois and 2d Iowa Batteries, shelled these Confederate trenches for 13 consecutive days and nights. The fact that these trenches were never breached, attests to the courage of . . . Map (db m100873) HM
9Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Confederate Redoubt No. 3 / Gibson’s Brigade
Confederate Redoubt No. 3 Capt. Cuthbert Slocomb of the 5th Company, Washington Artillery of New Orleans, commanded Redoubt No. 3, also known as Battery Blair, consisted of one 8-inch Columbiad, two 12-pound Napoleons, one 3-inch ordinance . . . Map (db m168270) HM
10Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Confederate Redoubt No. 4 / Holtzclaw's Brigade
Confederate Redoubt No. 4 Redoubt No. 4 was part of the Confederate line known as Red Fort. Capt. John Phillip’s Tennessee Light Artillery manned the redoubt until they were relieved on April 4, 1865 by Garrity's Alabama Light Artillery. Lt. . . . Map (db m120341) HM
11Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Confederate Redoubt No. 5 / Ector's Brigade
Confederate Redoubt No. 5 Also called the Sandbag Battery, Redoubt No. 5 was originally commanded by Lt. Andrew Hargrove of Lumsden's Tuscaloosa Battery, Company F, 2nd Alabama Light Artillery Battalion. During the early stages of the . . . Map (db m168290) HM
12Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Fort McDermott
From this Confederate Fort 15 heavy artillery guns, repelled elements of 2 Union Army Corps, routed 5 ironclad monitors attacking up the Blakely River and for 13 days helped prevent the capture of Mobile until after General Lee's Surrender at . . . Map (db m100911) HM
13Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Fort McDermott
Highest point along 2 miles of Confederate battle lines extending east and north. Here 200 soldiers from Georgia, Louisiana & Arkansas, held off a numerically superior Union Force for thirteen days and nights in the last battle of the War Between . . . Map (db m100913) HM
14Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Ft. McDermott Confederate Memorial Park
Dedicated to the men of the Confederate States of America who valiantly fought for our American liberties, "Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed... whenever any form of government becomes . . . Map (db m100936) HM
15Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Red Fort
Built of red clay, armed with 12 heavy guns and served by 307 crack Confederate Artilleryman from Batteries Perry (Tenn.) Phillips (Tenn.) Lumsden (Ala.) and Garrity (Mobile, Ala.). It was the keystone in the defense of Spanish Fort, 1865.Map (db m100868) HM
16Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Revolutionary War Battlefield and Burial Ground at Spanish Fort (1780-1781)
During the Revolutionary War, France, Spain, Britain, and the United States were interested in the fate of this region. In March 1780, Spanish forces captured Mobile. They established a palisaded fort with trenches (one mile north of here) to . . . Map (db m61451) HM
17Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Saluda Hill Cemetery
Saluda Hill Cemetery is a private historical cemetery established in 1824. Among the graves here is that of Zachariah Godbold, the only known Revolutionary War veteran buried in Baldwin County. Many Blakeley residents and Confederate soldiers also . . . Map (db m81854) HM
18Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Site Of The Naval Battery
Manned with sailors and commanded by Lt. Commander Gillis of the U.S.S. Milwaukee, which was sunk by a Confederate torpedo in Blakeley River. Armed with two 4.2 in. Parrott rifled cannon firing projectiles weighing 30 lbs., these guns fired on . . . Map (db m120346) HM
19Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Spanish Fort
Rendezvous for Indians, Spanish, French and English Explorers. In 1865, Three Confederate Brigades, outnumbered 10 to 1, engaged the Army of West Mississippi (Union Forces) in the last battle of the War Between the States. March 26~April 9, 1865.Map (db m100844) HM
20Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Spanish FortAlabama
Historic Spot of the Deep SouthMap (db m100845) HM
21Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Stop 7 Fort McDermott:"The Men Dig,Dig,Dig" — Civil War Trail —
Late on March 26, C.S. General St. John Liddell withdrew into the relative safety of Fort Blakeley and Spanish Fort, Liddell, assisted by General Francis Cockrell, assumed personal responsibility for the defense of Blakeley and put the defense of . . . Map (db m88990) HM
22Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Stop 8 The Eighth Iowa Line:“The Very Air Was Hot”
Canby brought up his heavy guns from Stark’s Landing a process that took several days, beginning on the 28th. Supported by the Federal monitors, Chickasaw and Winnebago, Canby tried to pound the enemy into submission The Confederates naturally . . . Map (db m88991) HM
23Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — The 8th Iowa InfantryBattle of Spanish Fort
On the evening of April 8th, 1865, while the Confederate fortifications were being shelled by Union artillery, the 8th Iowa Infantry advanced from near this point to the Confederate left and captured a part of the works, in hand to hand fighting. . . . Map (db m100883) HM
24Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — The Final Assault
At dusk on April 8, 1865, 300 yards west of this site, the Union Army's 8th lowa Infantry and three Illinois Regiments breached the Confederate main line of resistance. Under the cover of night, troops holding the thin gray line spiked their guns . . . Map (db m100855) HM
25Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — The Union First Parallel / Union Siege Battery No. 16
The Union First Parallel The main Union siege line during the Battle of Spanish Fort ran along this ridge. Brig. Gen. Eugene Carr's Division occupied the right flank of the Union line between here and Minette Bay. Carr's men initially . . . Map (db m100857) HM
26Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Union Siege Battery No. 1
Near this site was the location of the first of twenty-two artillery positions the Union army set up to bombard the Confederate fortifications of Spanish Fort. The Confederate forces were under the command of Brig Gen. Randall Gibson. Battery Tracy, . . . Map (db m120331) HM
27Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Union Siege Battery No. 21 / 3rd Brigade of Carr's Division
Union Siege Battery No. 21 Located on this bluff overlooking Minette Bay, Battery No. 21 anchored the right flank of Maj. Gen. Edward Canby's Army of West Mississippi during the Battle of Spanish Fort. Maj. Gen. Andrew Smith's XVI Army . . . Map (db m120339) HM
28Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Women's Veterans MemorialAlabama State Veterans Memorial Cemetery
Dedicated to all women veterans who have served, sacrificed and suffered for our nation. Your patriotism and courage are greatly appreciated and will never be forgotten. [Seals of the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps & . . . Map (db m100943) WM
Apr. 18, 2021