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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Spotsylvania County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Spotsylvania County, VA (393) Caroline County, VA (64) Culpeper County, VA (155) Fredericksburg Ind. City, VA (423) Hanover County, VA (275) Louisa County, VA (43) Orange County, VA (159) Stafford County, VA (202)  SpotsylvaniaCounty(393) Spotsylvania County (393)  CarolineCounty(64) Caroline County (64)  CulpeperCounty(155) Culpeper County (155)  (423) Fredericksburg (423)  HanoverCounty(275) Hanover County (275)  LouisaCounty(43) Louisa County (43)  OrangeCounty(159) Orange County (159)  StaffordCounty(202) Stafford County (202)
Spotsylvania Courthouse is the county seat for Spotsylvania County
Spotsylvania Courthouse is in Spotsylvania County
      Spotsylvania County (393)  
ADJACENT TO SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY
      Caroline County (64)  
      Culpeper County (155)  
      Fredericksburg (423)  
      Hanover County (275)  
      Louisa County (43)  
      Orange County (159)  
      Stafford County (202)  
 
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1Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — "If It Takes All Summer"The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
While the May 12 combat at the Bloody Angle marked the height of the Spotsylvania fighting, it was not the end of it. For nine more days, the Army of the Potomac hovered around the village, looking for opportunities to strike. Finding Lee heavily . . . Map (db m66237) HM
2Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — "The Toughest Fight Yet"The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Artist Alfred R. Waud sketched these Union soldiers under fire here on May 12, 1864. Lee’s counterattacks had driven the Union troops out of the Muleshoe, and here they are shown under cover on the outside of the Confederate trenches. Waud’s . . . Map (db m66225) HM
3Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — 126th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
(West Side): Dedicated to the memory of the gallant 126th Reg't O.V.I. commanded by Colonel Benjamin F. Smith and Lieut. Colonel Aaron W. Ebright 2nd Brigade 3rd Division 6th Army Corps. Army of the Potomac (North Side):Ohio's . . . Map (db m10314) HM
4Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — 12th Regiment New Jersey Volunteers 1862 - 1865
"We can not dedicate we can not consecrate we can not hallow this ground the brave men living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract." The State of New Jersey merely marks the surrounding twenty . . . Map (db m4970) HM
5Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — 154th New York State Volunteer Infantry
(front): 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Corps "The Hardtack Regiment" Anchor of the Buschbeck Line Near Dowdall's Tavern Battle of Chancellorsville May 2, 1863 (back): 590 present for duty 240 killed, wounded, and captured Dedicated . . . Map (db m5460) HM
6Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — 15th Regiment New Jersey Volunteers
(Front): 1861-1865 15th Reg't N.J. Vol's. Erected by the State of New Jersey to mark the portion of the Confederate line held by the 14th Georgia Regiment. and assaulted May 12, 1864, by the 15th Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, . . . Map (db m181511) HM
7Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment9th Corps, 3rd Division, 1st Brigade
(Front): 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment 9th Corps 3rd Division 1st Brigade Michigan units on the field in the 9th Corps 17th Michigan Vol. Infantry 20th Michigan Vol. Infantry 8th Michigan Vol. Infantry 27th Michigan Vol. Infantry . . . Map (db m10431) HM
8Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — EM-3 — 23rd USCT At the Alrich Farm
The first combat in the Civil War between United States Colored Troops and Confederates north of the James River occurred near here. On 15 May 1864, Confederate Brig. Gen. Thomas Rosser pushed forward a cavalry detachment along Catharpin Road . . . Map (db m75706) HM
9Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — 49th New York Infantry3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Corps
(Front): 49th N.Y. Inf'y 3rd Brig. 2d Div. 6th Corps. Held this position May 12, 1864. (Left):The muffled drums sad roll has beat. The soldiers last tattoo. No more on life's parade shall meet that brave and fallen few. On fame's . . . Map (db m10312) HM
10Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Bold PlanThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Here, on the evening of May 1, 1863, Generals Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" Jackson hatched one of the boldest schemes in military history. Hunched over maps beside a small fire, the two generals plotted how to destroy the Union army, now entrenched . . . Map (db m3579) HM
11Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Case of NegligenceSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
"The county jail is now nearly completed, and ready for the reception of ...boarders...Persons taking quarters will be able to resist all attacks of burglars, and as far as burglars are concerned, may enjoy their slumbers in the . . . Map (db m148417) HM
12Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Crime of Passion… A Devastating Loss…Spotsylvania Court House National Historic District
In 1924, tragedy stuck the Powell family. Peter Powell's brother, Dr. Robert Powell was shot to death by his neighbor, Charles Kendall, who was arrested and charged with with first degree murder. During the trial, it was revealed that Kendall's . . . Map (db m148379) HM
13Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Different Kind of WarSpotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — South Wall —
A Different Kind of War With the 1864 Overland Campaign, the war in Virginia changed. The old pattern of fight, retreat, and rest yielded to Ulysses S. Grant's relentless maneuvering and fighting. Attacked in superior force by an incessant foe, . . . Map (db m10716) HM
14Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Fatal ReconnaissanceThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
When "Stonewall" Jackson reached this point at about 9 p.m. on May 2, 1863, he stood at the peak of his military career. Four hundred yards in front of you, a shaken Union army hastily built earthworks to halt the Confederate tide. One hundred . . . Map (db m155613) HM
15Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Final JourneySpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
After Lt. General Thomas Johnson "Stonewall" Jackson was wounded at Chancellorsville on May 2nd, 1863, he was taken to an Army hospital near Wilderness Church where his left arm was amputated. Fearing his capture, Lee ordered his move south to . . . Map (db m148413) HM
16Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Final Resting Place
The site chosen for the Confederate Cemetery was outside of the earthworks erected by the Confederates as part of their defensive line protecting the crossroads and Courthouse at Spotsylvania. The burial ground contains the remains of approximately . . . Map (db m183682) HM
17Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Mass CaptureBattle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
As the first rays of daylight filtered through the rain-drenched woods here on May 12, the men of General George H. Steuart’s brigade heard a commotion up the line, to their left. Moments later, through the shifting mists, they saw a human tidal . . . Map (db m23846) HM
18Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Midnight AmputationThe Complications of Civil War Surgery
Shortly after 2 A.M. on May 3, 1863, in a hospital tent on the knoll in front of you, 27-year-old surgeon Hunter Holmes McGuire and his team prepared their patient for emergency surgery. The patient's aide, James P. Smith, held a lantern. Assisting . . . Map (db m196506) HM
19Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Missed OpportunityThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
The morning of May 3d found the Confederate army heavily outnumbered and dangerously divided. "Stonewall" Jackson's flank attack the evening before had staggered the Union army but had not irretrievably damaged it. As the day broke, Jackson's . . . Map (db m112313) HM
20Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Monumental Task
In 1905, the Ladies Memorial Association reorganized again with a new goal to erect a monument to the fallen soldiers of the Confederacy. This aspiration and determination took thirteen years to achieve. By the 1930’s nearly all the counties with . . . Map (db m183688) HM
21Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Place Called "Courtland"Spotsylvania Court House National Historic District
On April 14, 1839, John Pulliam, local farmer, wrote in his diary......"Agnes and myself went up to Lewis Rawlings to meeting, heard an excellent sermon by Reverend J. Cook, dined at Lewis Rawlings, came home." In 1836, Samuel . . . Map (db m148374) HM
22Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Place of Public WorshipChrist Church Episcopal, Est. 1841 — Spotsylvania Court House National Historic District —
On July 20, 1841, John Pulliam, a Vestryman wrote in his diary...... "A warm day, this being the day set aside for the consecration of the church at Spotsylvania Courthouse, about nine o'clock. I started to church in the company of John . . . Map (db m148420) HM
23Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Region of GloomThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
From the time of its earliest settlement, this region was known as "The Wilderness of Spotsylvania" because of its dense thickets and poor soil. Locals called the countryside just west of the Wilderness "The Poison Fields." High concentrations of . . . Map (db m3603) HM
24Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Tavern at the New CourthouseSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
In 1838, tragedy struck. The frame Courthouse on the Po River mysteriously burned. Lewis Rawlings and his wife Hannah offered the Justices of Spotsylvania County 10 acres for a new Courthouse. They quickly accepted. Lewis Rawlings was born in . . . Map (db m148389) HM
25Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Tavern in the Midst of BattleSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
In 1864, the war returned to the village of Spotsylvania Court House. Sanford's Inn, because of its position at the crossroads, offered a point of observation for General Robert E. Lee, who surveyed the Federal lines from the upper windows facing . . . Map (db m148391) HM
26Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — A Very Hot PlaceThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
At Hazel Grove, Lee's artillerists enjoyed perhaps their greatest success of the war. No sooner had the Union army evacuated the ridge than Southern cannon appeared - first four pieces, then eight, twelve, sixteen. Within an hour more than thirty . . . Map (db m3618) HM
27Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — About a mile in the distance...
About a mile in the distance, beyond the vista cut through the trees, you can see modern buildings on high ground which at the time of the battle of Chancellorsville was called Hazel Grove. When "Stonewall" Jackson began his famous flank march early . . . Map (db m3583) HM
28Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — AftermathThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
At 2 a.m. on May 13, 1864, General Lee declared a new line of works a half mile behind you ready, and the Confederate troops in the trenches here quietly withdrew. They had bought the Confederacy what it most needed that day: time. But every . . . Map (db m66230) HM
29Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Amid Shot and ShellSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
Berea Church was initially used as a field hospital during the battles for Spotsylvania Court House as fighting raged on the Brock Road on May 8th. On May 11th, the church became the headquarters of General Jubal Early. On May 13th, the area came . . . Map (db m148418) HM
30Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — An Old Jail...A New HomeSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
"Was summoned as one to go with the Sheriff to take possession of the old clerk's office. The company met at the Court House, all armed and proceeded to our duty. We arrived at the office; forced the door, went in and took out all . . . Map (db m148415) HM
31Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — An Ordinary on the Road to SnellSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
The exact date of the building of the Ordinary on the road from Fredericksburg to Snell is a mystery. The earliest date we can attribute is 1770. It may have existed prior, but unproven by current evidence. In 1799, the property and Ordinary, . . . Map (db m148387) HM
32Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — An Unexpected End to LifeSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
Phillip Anns, the fifth owner of the tract and building, died on August 3, 1873. He left a sum of money to his wife Lydia Anns for the care of their four children. However, Charles M. Garrett married Ann's 16-year-old daughter, Lizzie, and was . . . Map (db m148381) HM
33Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Artillery DuelThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
On the morning of May 3, 1863, Union artillery at Fairview suffered the most intense artillery bombardment of the battle. More than 40 Confederate guns at Hazel Grove (visible 1,200 yards in front of you) concentrated their fire on 34 Union cannon . . . Map (db m3638) HM
34Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — EH-8 — Asbury’s Deathplace
A short distance southeast is the site of the George Arnold House where Bishop Francis Asbury died, March 31, 1816. Asbury, born in England in 1745, came to America in 1771 and labored here until his death. He was ordained one of the first two . . . Map (db m1723) HM
35Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Ashes to AshesChrist Church Episcopal, Est. 1841 — Spotsylvania Court House National Historic District —
Here lies Edgar and Ann Harrison along with the daughters Ellen and Maria. Edgar was born in 1829 in King and Queen, Virginia. He married Ann Marie Smith Goodwin in Fredericksburg in 1851. Edgar was a farmer by occupation. In 1858 with the help . . . Map (db m148422) HM
36Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Attack on the MuleshoeThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Like Lee, General Ulysses S. Grant recognized the Muleshoe’s weakness and made plans to exploit it. On May 12, just after dawn, 20,000 men of General Winfield S. Hancock’s Second Corps stormed across the field in front of you—from left to . . . Map (db m66223) HM
37Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Batter Up: Spotsylvania Yellow Jackets
Softball and baseball were played by Spotsylvania’s African American children, teens and young adults in back yards, on church grounds and in open fields. Some, such as Layton Fairchild, Sr. (right), grew up playing baseball and were . . . Map (db m84599) HM
38Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Battle of Spotsylvania
May 12 - 18, 1864, between the armies of Lee and Grant is unmatched for its display of unyielding heroism and devotion to duty and principle. Here thousands of valorous men, fighting with bayonets and clubbed muskets, wrote their imperishable . . . Map (db m3665) HM
39Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Battle of Spotsylvania Court HouseDabney Farm
In 1864, the field in front of you was partially forested. On May 8, Union cavalry galloped across this land to attack Spotsylvania Court House itself but soon came scrambling back in retreat. At 4:35 A.M. on May 12, while almost 20,000 Union . . . Map (db m73749) HM
40Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Battle of Spotsylvania Court House"Toughest Fight Yet"
The ground before you was hotly contested for two full weeks during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. From May 8 to May 21, 1864, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sought to drive the Confederates from their earthworks and cripple Gen. Robert E. . . . Map (db m78955) HM
41Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Beneath This Sacred Soil
The images displayed are those of soldiers killed in Spotsylvania, identified, and buried here. They were of different ages, regionally from other states, and of diverse rank. All met their fate on the field of battle. To learn more, choose a name . . . Map (db m183692) HM
42Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Berea Christian ChurchSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
In 1832 the process of starting a new church began when an organization known as the Reforming Congregation of Disciples chose a group of trustees to select a site. The group chose Berea Christian Church as the new name after Berea, an ancient . . . Map (db m148419) HM
43Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Birthplace of Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873)The Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
This jumble of bricks and stones tucked deep within Spotsylvania's Wilderness marks the birthplace of Matthew Fontaine Maury, the "Pathfinder of the Seas." All but forgotten now, Maury was a legend during his lifetime. While superintendent of the . . . Map (db m21934) HM
44Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Bivouac
Lee and Jackson Night of May 1, 1863Map (db m196295) HM
45Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Bloody Angle, Crowded RavineThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Fighting at the Muleshoe Salient focused on a slight turn in the Confederate earthworks, to your right-front, known as the “Bloody Angle.” The Angle occupied a small knoll that commanded adjacent parts of the Confederate line. Whoever . . . Map (db m66224) HM
46Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Bloody MorningThe Battle of Chancellorsville
Long after the Civil War, Sergeant Rice Bull of the 123rd New York Volunteers remembered the early morning hours of May 3, 1863. "Never was there a more beautiful sunrise," he wrote, "not a cloud in the sky. It was an ideal Sunday morning, warm and . . . Map (db m112311) HM
47Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Booth Hall
To the Glory of God and In loving memory of The Rev. Arthur E. Booth by whose devoted and untiring efforts this Parish House was erectedMap (db m3947) HM
48Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Brig. Gen. E. F. Paxton, C.S.A.
In this vicinity Brig. Gen. E. F. Paxton, C.S.A. Aged 35 years, of Rockbridge County, VA. Was killed on the morning of May 3, 1863 While leading his command, the Stonewall Brigade in the attack on FairviewMap (db m3607) HM
49Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Burying the DeadThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
At battle's end, more than 2,000 Union dead lay scattered through the Wilderness. The first major effort to bury the dead came more than a year later, when a Union regiment received orders to proceed to the Wilderness and inter those Union . . . Map (db m155886) HM
50Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Catharine FurnaceThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
The stone stack in front of you is all that remains of the Catharine Furnace, built in 1837. Closed a decade later, the furnace was reborn to meet the Confederacy’s wartime need for iron. Union cavalrymen under General George A. Custer destroyed . . . Map (db m158840) HM
51Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellor CemeteryThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
This is the Chancellor family cemetery. In the first half of the 19th century the Chancellors dominated this section of Spotsylvania County. Fairview was the original family seat, but branches of the family eventually lived at Chancellorsville, . . . Map (db m3642) HM
52Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellor'sSpotsylvania Court House National Historic District
On December 31, 1855, Joseph Sanford and his wife Agnes sold the tract of land across from the Courthouse and the Spotswood Inn (also owned by Sanford) to Dr. J. Edgar Chancellor. The deed had restrictions; Sanford was to have the use and . . . Map (db m148383) HM
53Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — ChancellorsvilleThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
The Civil War had entered its third year, and the Army of the Potomac was again on the march. Led by its new commander, "Fighting Joe" Hooker, the 134,000-man Union juggernaut crossed the Rappahannock River beyond Lee's left flank on April 28, . . . Map (db m155612) HM
54Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
April 27-May 6, 1863. Leaving a large detachment under Sedgwick in front of Fredericksburg, Hooker marched a flanking column around and behind the Confederates. Lee then left a small unit to face Sedgwick and advanced westward to meet Hooker. . . . Map (db m3517) HM
55Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
Just ahead is the crossing of the Orange Plank Road, a mid-nineteenth century trade route from the mountains to the navigable Rappahannock at Fredericksburg. Loaded wagons had the right-of-way on the planking, which covered half the roadbed. . . . Map (db m3552) HM
56Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Shortly after noon, Sickles’ Corps advanced from the Union right-center to attack the "retreating" Confederates. Posey's and Wright's brigades, part of Lee's holding line, met the advance. A rear guard from Jackson's marching column . . . Map (db m3599) HM
57Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 3, 1863 - Battle cries break the stillness of the dawn as 25,000 Confederate soldiers move up through the dark woods on both sides of the Plank Road to attack the Union position guarding Fairview heights, 800 yards to the east. Leading them in . . . Map (db m3606) HM
58Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2-3, 1863. In this vicinity, holding Hooker's original center, Slocum's Corps curved northwestward (reader's right rear) to form an interior line behind Howard's Corps. When Jackson smashed Howard, Slocum's western line fell also. The rest of . . . Map (db m3645) HM
59Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2-3, 1863. Units of Slocum's Federal XII Corps held this line. Its left extended a little beyond the Orange Plank Road (reader's left) where it connected with the right of Couch's II Corps. A mile to the southeast the Orange Plank Road . . . Map (db m3646) HM
60Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Having lost the Furnace, the 23rd Georgia Regiment established a new line here in the bed of the Unfinished Railroad. Other troops reinforced the position. During late afternoon, while Jackson's front lines were hitting the Federal . . . Map (db m3906) HM
61Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
Jackson's marching soldiers filled this narrow road from shoulder to shoulder making it slow and tedious work for any mounted officer to pass along the column. One of Stonewall's aides, Captain James Power Smith, attempted to catch up to the General . . . Map (db m3920) HM
62Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
Jackson's most direct route toward the enemy's flank lay in the right turn onto the Brock Road here. Instead of following that route he turned left, or southward, proceeded a quarter of a mile, and then turned right into a parallel woods road. This . . . Map (db m3921) HM
63Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Deluding the enemy was the secret of Jackson's success. Since his troops had been observed from Federal signal stations as they marched across the front of Hooker's army, he turned them south on the Brock Road to create the impression . . . Map (db m3927) HM
64Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
If a balloonist had been high overhead, Jackson's column might have resembled a huge serpent as it wound through the forest. Closer up, it became thousands of marchers in worn battle dress. From this point, they stretched back about six miles to the . . . Map (db m3929) HM
65Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Hour by hour, the long gray columns of Jackson's Corps splashed through the shallow ford here, which was not stone-paved then, stirring the crossing into a mud hole. Before the water of this branch of Poplar Run ran clear again in its . . . Map (db m3931) HM
66Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
"Stonewall" Jackson's way here was a woodland road west of and parallel to the Brock Road. This park trail approximates the old appearance. No tar, asphalt, or cement highway existed in the 1860's. Even the best of that time, the stone turnpikes and . . . Map (db m3932) HM
67Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. The head of Jackson's column reached this point about 12:30 p.m. Eight miles away, the rear , under fire of Federal guns, was closing up near the Catharine Furnace. Jackson planned to turn the column right onto the Plank Road (1 mile . . . Map (db m3934) HM
68Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Jackson's two leading lines, battling the tangled undergrowth and the retreating Federal XI Corps, became disorganized. In this vicinity, Jackson halted his successful advance and ordered A.P. Hill's Division to the front. While the . . . Map (db m3954) HM
69Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 3, 1863. At daylight Hooker ordered the withdrawal of Sickles' troops from this height, called Hazel Grove, key position of Hooker's front after Jackson's flanking movement. Promptly occupying it with Archer's Confederate Brigade, Stuart, now in . . . Map (db m14681) HM
70Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1, 1863, Union troops advancing toward Fredericksburg along this road, the Orange Plank, met the Confederates about a mile to your left and retreated to this point. Hooker, not waiting to be attacked, ordered these troops back to . . . Map (db m15151) HM
71Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 3-6, 1863. The Confederate trench remains crossing the Bullock Road at this point mark a line held by “Stonewall” Jackson’s Corps after the severe fighting of May 3. Jackson’s forces, now commanded by “Jeb” Stuart, held Hooker’s army within its . . . Map (db m93585) HM
72Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 3-6, 1863. About noon on May 3, Hooker’s army fell back to a new position covering the roads to Ely’s and United States fords. With the center here, the right of his line rested on the Rapidan and the left on the Rappahannock. On May 4, Hooker’s . . . Map (db m155623) HM
73Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Chancellorsville CampaignSituation about 9 p.m., May 2, 1863
[Marker is a map of the battlefield. Captions are below:] While A.P. Hill's Division moved up to take over Jackson's front line, Rodes' and Colston's divisions, intermingled by their rapid advance, fell back to regroup. Jackson's . . . Map (db m171420) HM
74Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Civil War Earthworks
Federal soldiers of the 12th Corps built these earthworks on May 1, 1863. "Stonewall" Jackson's flank attack the following day placed them in Confederate hands. At about 6:00 a.m. on May 3, North Carolinians under William Dorsey Pender and Georgians . . . Map (db m5457) HM
75Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Civil War EarthworksPreservation Message — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
The gentle mounds that meander through Spotsylvania Court House battlefield once looked like the reconstructed earthwork in front of you. The armies built more than 12 miles of trenches here, using whatever tools they could find. Lee's last line, . . . Map (db m10282) HM
76Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Civil War Veterans at rest in Zion's Cemetery[Zion Methodist Church]
This cemetery is the final resting place for six Civil War veterans. Only three of the six have military style headstones. Charles Chewning, 9th VA. Cavalry. Private Chewning received a sabre wound to his left thigh at Second Manassas in . . . Map (db m155962) HM
77Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Collis Zouaves
Erected to mark the line of battle of the 114th Reg't. Pennsylvania Vol's. on the memorable 3rd day of May 1863, where it lost 3 officers and 35 enlisted men killed List of Killed Major Joseph S. Chandler Captain Frank Eliot, Co. F. Lieu't. . . . Map (db m3639) HM WM
78Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Confederate Breakthrough
At about 7:00 a.m. on May 3, a dangerous gap in the Union line opened near the Orange Turnpike, 1/4 mile to your right. Federal troops on your right, led by Hiram Berry, retreated about 1/2 mile and established a new position. The blue-clad soldiers . . . Map (db m12789) HM
79Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Confederate CatastropheThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near this spot around 9:15 p.m. on the night of May 2, 1863, the Confederate cause suffered disaster. As "Stonewall" Jackson and his party returned from their reconnaissance down the Mountain Road, Confederate musketry erupted south of the Plank . . . Map (db m3978) HM
80Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Confederate CounterattackThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Confederate General Richard S. Ewell responded quickly to Upton’s breakthrough at Dole’s Salient. Wading into the melee, he shouted to the outnumbered defenders: “Don’t run, boys. I will have enough men here in five minutes to eat up every . . . Map (db m66232) HM
81Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Confederate Soldiers1861 - 1865
Erected and dedicated May 12, 1918, by the Spotsylvania Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy, Confederated Southern Memorial Association and citizens of Spotsylvania County, to commemorate and perpetuate the valor and patriotism of the . . . Map (db m10436) WM
82Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Containing the Enemy, Reclaiming the WorksThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
The trenches in front of you belonged to General James H. Lane’s North Carolina brigade. Shortly after dawn, May 12, Union forces captured the East Angle, one-half mile behind you, and bore down on Lane’s men in this part of the Muleshoe Salient. . . . Map (db m66233) HM
83Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Crisis in Tapp FieldBattle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Here on the morning of May 6, 1864, Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his army faced perhaps their greatest crisis. Soon after dawn, hundreds of disorganized Confederates tumbled from the woods to your left, driven by a powerful Union . . . Map (db m6058) HM
84Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Dawn AssaultThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
In the dank, pre-dawn light of May 12, 1864, Confederates huddled along these muddy works could hear the rumble of Union troops coming toward them. Moments later the first of 20,000 Union soldiers poured over the works like a wave, engaging . . . Map (db m66227) HM
85Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Doles Salient
These gentile mounds are all that remain of the formidable earthworks held by George Doles' Georgia Brigade. The trenches running perpendicular to the main line are called traverses and made these works appear like a series of three-sided roofless . . . Map (db m10297) HM
86Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Echoes HomewardThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Once schoolmates, friends, and neighbors, they came here as soldiers from Yorkville, South Carolina; Pen Yan, New York; Clarksville, Virginia; Barre, Vermont; and a hundred other towns, North and South. Their deaths in these woods on May 5 and 6, . . . Map (db m155885) HM
87Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Education in Spotsylvania County
Education was the responsibility of parents and churches until after the Civil War. Wealthier families hired tutors or sent their children to private schools. Poor children often learned a trade and received a basic education as apprentices. In . . . Map (db m3710) HM
88Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Elisha Franklin PaxtonThe Battle of Chancellorsville
The monument across the road marks where General Elisha Franklin Paxton, commander of the famed Stonewall Brigade, fell on May 3, 1863. Before the war, Frank Paxton had practiced law in "Stonewall" Jackson's hometown of Lexington, Virginia. When, in . . . Map (db m155624) HM
89Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — EM-2 — Engagement at Harris Farm (Bloomsbury)
On 19 May 1864 Confederate forces commanded by Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell attacked Brig. Gen. Robert O. Tyler's heavy artillery division on the Union right flank near the Harris farm, Bloomsbury, about one-quarter mile northwest. Newly arrived from . . . Map (db m3656) HM
90Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — FairviewThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Just ahead of you stood a story-and-a-half log house known as Fairview. This was originally a Chancellor home, but during the Civil War James Moxley and his family occupied it. Moxley was overseer of Frances Chancellor's 20 slaves. Moxley likely . . . Map (db m3641) HM
91Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — FairviewThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Formerly a Chancellor farmstead, on May 3, 1863, Fairview became a gory landscape. That morning all the energy and violence of the Battle of Chancellorsville focused here - on the fields and woods around a commonplace log house. Here, the contending . . . Map (db m3643) HM
92Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Farm to Killing FieldThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
On May 12, 1864, the pastures, potato patches, and crop-lots of Willis Landram's farm would become North America's most notorious killing field. Just before dawn, 20,000 Union soldiers swarmed past the Landram house toward the main Confederate . . . Map (db m10317) HM
93Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Fatal Mistake at the East AngleThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
The sharp turn in the Confederate works here is called the “East Angle.” It marks the apex of the Muleshoe Salient and was one of the most vulnerable points on Lee’s line. Lee fortified the place heavily and placed upwards of 30 cannon . . . Map (db m66226) HM
94Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Fighting for TimeBattle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Throughout May 12, Confederates here waged a battle for critical minutes and hours. When Union troops swarmed over the east face of the Muleshoe Salient before dawn, Robert E. Lee knew instantly that the position – even if regained . . . Map (db m23847) HM
95Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Final Meeting, Fateful MarchThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
To reach the Union army's right flank, Jackson would have to march his corps twelve miles over narrow, unpaved roads. The general hoped to have his men moving by dawn on May 2, but he got an unusually late start. It was past 7 a.m. before his . . . Map (db m158943) HM
96Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — First Regiment Heavy ArtilleryMassachusetts Volunteers
In commemoration of the deeds of the First Regiment Heavy Artillery Massachusetts Volunteers (Armed as Infantry) Three hundred and ninety eight of whose members fell within an hour around this spot during an action fought May 13, 1864 Between a . . . Map (db m155952) HM
97Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Flank Attack!The Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
These woods saw some of the heaviest fighting of the Battle of the Wilderness. On May 5, then again on May 6, 1864 ragged Union and Confederate battle lines surged back and forth on both sides of the Orange Plank Road. The stalemate here finally . . . Map (db m5390) HM
98Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Flanking of Hays' Brigade
On this ridge, the Union brigade of Brig. Gen. William Hays, supported by artillery, temporarily stopped the Confederate advance across the ground below you. A member of the 12th New Jersey described what happened next: "We were in open sight, . . . Map (db m12794) HM
99Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Forever young, Forever in our hearts
In memory of Sophia M. Silva    1980 - 1996 Kathryn "Kati" N. Lisk    1984 - 1997 Kristen M. Lisk    1982 - 1997 they were taken from us too soon.Map (db m3671) HM
100Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania Courthouse — Forming for the AttackThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Had you been here in 1864, you would have been standing at the edge of a field that stretched from here to the Confederate works. Upton's men advanced four abreast in a column up this road. When they reached this point, they silently deployed into a . . . Map (db m169704) HM

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May. 28, 2022