“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in St. Leonard, Maryland

Clickable Map of Calvert County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Calvert County, MD (153) Anne Arundel County, MD (440) Charles County, MD (149) Dorchester County, MD (148) Prince George s County, MD (602) St. Mary s County, MD (317) Talbot County, MD (130)  CalvertCounty(153) Calvert County (153)  AnneArundelCounty(440) Anne Arundel County (440)  CharlesCounty(149) Charles County (149)  DorchesterCounty(148) Dorchester County (148)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(602) Prince George's County (602)  St.Mary'sCounty(317) St. Mary's County (317)  TalbotCounty(130) Talbot County (130)
Prince Frederick is the county seat for Calvert County
St. Leonard is in Calvert County
      Calvert County (153)  
      Anne Arundel County (440)  
      Charles County (149)  
      Dorchester County (148)  
      Prince George's County (602)  
      St. Mary's County (317)  
      Talbot County (130)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — “The Commodore Can Beat Any…Barges…Sent Against Him”Maryland Republican, June 18, 1814 — Second Battle of St. Leonard Creek —
As dawn approached on June 26th, 1814, the United States Chesapeake Flotilla and American shore batteries launched a poorly-coordinated attack against the British. Under the cover of darkness, U.S. Army and Marine units, aided by 20 flotillamen, . . . Map (db m81031) WM
2Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — “We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage”Captain Joshua Barney June 11, 1814 — First Battle of St. Leonard Creek —
After encountering superior British naval forces, Commodore Barney retreated into the relative safety of St. Leonard Creek, which was easily defendable because of its narrow entrance and high banks. One June 8th, 9th, and 10th, the British sent wave . . . Map (db m81004) WM
3Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — A Place in Chesapeake History
Here, where St. Leonard Creek meets the Patuxent River, people lived and events took place that helped shape the region’s — and America’s — history. Look downriver towards Solomons and see the Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge in the . . . Map (db m94695) HM
4Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Attention to Detail-Gertrude Sawyer, Architect
Emphasizing functional requirements as well as traditional Chesapeake Tidewater architecture, Gertrude Sawyer designed 26 Colonial Revival buildings for Patterson’s Point Farm from 1932 to 1955. A graduate of the first class (1919) of the . . . Map (db m80972) HM
5Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — BrewhouseSurveyed 1651 — 5½ Miles. ← Mackall’s Landing. —
Birthplace of Thomas Johnson (1732–1819), member of Continental Congress 1774. Nominated Washington as Commander-in-Chief Continental Army 1775. First elected Governor of Maryland 1777. Associate Justice United States Supreme Court 1791.Map (db m3467) HM
6Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Discovery of a Colonial PlantationKing’s Reach Site
For more than 300 years, farmers have grown crops in this field. In the 1980s, archaeologists noticed historic objects on the surface in one area of the plowed field. To learn more about early rural life in Maryland, they carefully collected the . . . Map (db m80921) HM
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7Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Early Settlements
Town of St. Leonard was originally, in 1663, at mouth of St. Leonard Creek. By 1706, when chartered by Maryland General Assembly as a port of entry, it had been moved to head of creek near here. British forces burned its wharves and warehouses July . . . Map (db m3464) HM
8Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Evidence Found in the GroundKing's Reach Site
Information about the people who lived here comes from the items that they left behind, such as objects discarded or lost. People also leave behind the remains of their buildings, as well as evidence of some of their daily activities. Archaeologist . . . Map (db m80904) HM
9Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Excavation Process Gathers the Most InformationKings Reach Site
Before excavations began, archaeologist collected artifacts from the surface of the plowed field to determine the site’s size and age. Based on the location of these objects, researchers developed a plan to gain the maximum amount of information . . . Map (db m80915) HM
10Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Fate of the FlotillaStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Some of the fiercest fighting of the war occurred here, where St. Leonard Creek meets the Patuxent River. During the summer of 1814, the British navy tried to flush out and destroy Commodore Joshua Barney’s Chesapeake Flotilla—a rag-tag . . . Map (db m80899) HM
11Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Idyllic Retreat — Beach House on the Point
The Chesapeake has long been a place to enjoy. This small waterside bath house came complete with men's and ladies' changing rooms, electricity and plumbing, Unusual for any structure in this part of Calvert County in the early 1930s. This was Mr. . . . Map (db m95138) HM
12Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Indian Life at the Stearns Site
Were There Indians in Calvert County? This is a common question. In the early 1600s A.D., there were several small, closely-related Indian chiefdoms in the area. The most influential group called itself “Patuxent,” a name we now use for . . . Map (db m80902) HM
13Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Jefferson Patterson Park & MuseumWelcome to Another World
Enter another world one that had existed in the Chesapeake Bay region long before Europeans came to settle here. Follow this trail to a re-created Native American Village, where you will learn about the Eastern Woodland people who lived . . . Map (db m80922) HM
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14Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Jefferson Patterson Park & MuseumState Museum of Archaeology
Welcome to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum (JPPM), State Museum of Archaeology, where we explore the changing cultures and environment of the Chesapeake Bay region over the past 12,000 years. You can investigate the thousands of years of human . . . Map (db m80923) HM
15Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — John Stuart SkinnerWitness to Fort’s Bombardment
“Ruffian, Patriot, and Philanthropist…” John Quincy Adams. Born in Calvert County, by 1813 John Stuart Skinner was a Purser for the U.S. Navy, in charge of purchases and accounts for the United States Chesapeake Flotilla. When the . . . Map (db m81064) HM
16Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — June 1814 — War Visits the Patuxent — Battle At The Mouth of St. Leonard Creek —
Instead of this peaceful scene in front of you, imagine the air. hazy with smoke brightened by the flare of gunfire and rockets. Hear booming cannons, screaming rockets, yelling and shouting. Right here at the mouth of St. Leonard Creek is' where . . . Map (db m95871) HM
17Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — King's Reach Post Mold PatternsKing’s Reach Site
As wooden building posts decay in the ground, they form distinctly-colored soils that archaeologists call post molds. The location and spacing of post molds provide important clues about the size of a building, the arrangements of its rooms, and how . . . Map (db m80906) HM
18Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Land Battle EvidenceArtifacts Key to Battlefield — Possible Site of American Cannon Battery —
In 2000, archaeologists at Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum examined three areas, including the hill directly ahead. The research was funded by the National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program. None of the artifacts found on . . . Map (db m81032) HM
19Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Naval WarfareBarges, Boats, & Frigates — The Opposing Forces —
During the Battles of St. Leonard Creek, the United States Chesapeake Flotilla consisted of the sloop Scorpion armed with four cannon, 13 barges with two cannon each, the one-gun row galley Vigilant, and a lookout boat and two gunboats, each armed . . . Map (db m80932) HM
20Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Smith’s St. Leonard SiteAn Unexpected Discovery
Between 1767 and 1773, two neighbors-Thomas Johnson (father of Maryland’s first state governor) and Walter Smith-twice went to court to settle a dispute about the boundary of Smith’s plantation of St. Leonard. Many local residents were called to . . . Map (db m80954) HM
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21Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — St. Leonard CreekScene of naval battles during War of 1812
In June, 1814, Maryland's Commodore Joshua Barney commanded American flotilla of barges, gunboats and a sloop in attacks on superior British forces in Patuxent River and its tributary, St. Leonard Creek. After flotilla moved up Patuxent and was . . . Map (db m3463) HM
22Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — St. Leonard Polling House and Garden of Remembrance
This polling house was built in 1926 and residents voted here until 1974. The Garden of Remembrance honors all those held dear in the hearts of area residents. It also honors First Ladies Mrs. John Quincy Adams and Mrs. Zachary Taylor, who were . . . Map (db m3469) HM
23Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Sukeek’s Cabin: A Proud Tradition Lives On
JPPM archaeologists had long known that a stone house foundation, overgrown with weeds, sat in the woods in front of you. But who had lived there was a mystery. Then in 1996, two former local residents---Daniel and Minnie Octavia Gross . . . Map (db m81090) HM
24Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — The Garden of Remembrance
The History of the St. Leonard Garden of Remembrance (1990 - Present) The Original Garden The Road and Garden of Remembrance began in the spring of 1990 as a project of a committee of the St. Leonard Area Citizens Association . . . Map (db m181827) HM
25Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — The Government at St. Leonard’s
You are now standing on the house site of Richard Smith, Sr., who in 1657 was appointed to fill the newly created office of Attorney General for Maryland. The following year, this plantation---“St. Leonard’s---was used by the colonial General . . . Map (db m80970) HM
26Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — The Search for the Chesapeake FlotillaHigh Technology Locates Ships
Underwater archaeology is often more difficult than terrestrial archaeology, especially when visibility is poor because of salty water. Side scan sonars and magnetometers (sophisticated metal detectors) are employed in the search for underwater . . . Map (db m80987) HM
27Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — The St. Leonard Polling House(1926-1974)
The Honorable Thomas Parran (1860-1955) Thomas Parran, the St. Leonard citizen who played a key role in the construction of the St. Leonard Polling House, was born on February 12, 1860, on the Chestnut Hill Farm (see map) in St. Leonard . . . Map (db m181801) HM
28Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — The War of 1812 Living HistoryA Living Legacy
At Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum, living history is an important way to educate visitors about the museum’s important role in the War of 1812. Recognizing the importance of making history come to life, Richard Fischer, Jr. has been instrumental . . . Map (db m80951) HM
29Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Turning PointStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
The original St. Leonard’s Town, at the head of St. Leonard Creek, served as the Chesapeake Flotilla’s base in June 1814. The flotilla moved out after intense fighting on June 26, exposing the town to destructive British raids. The town site . . . Map (db m80893) HM
30Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Valor at St. Leonard CreekLetters from Commodore Joshua Barney
“One of the enemy’s rockets fell on board one of our barges, and, after passing through one of the men (one of only three Americans to die from a British rocket during the entire war in Maryland) set the barge on fire…a barrel of powder and . . . Map (db m81057) HM
31Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — War on the WaterStar-Spangled National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
The largest naval engagement in Maryland took place in St. Leonard Creek in June 1814. Americans prevailed in a series of skirmishes June 8-10, but the British ultimately trapped them in the creek. The first battle had little effect. On June 26, . . . Map (db m80898) HM
32Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Weapons of WarAmerican Artillery — Replica Fiberglass Cannon on Carriage —
The replica 18-pounder cannon located on the hill is similar to the type used by American forces during the Battle of St. Leonard Creek. “18-pounder” refers to the weight of the cannonballs, which were approximately five inches in . . . Map (db m80929) HM
33Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — What is this Big White Building?
The Maryland Archaeological Conservation (MAC) Laboratory is a state-of-the-art archaeological research, conservation and collections facility. Opened in 1998, the Lab holds the State’s archaeological artifact collections. In the labs, the often . . . Map (db m81091) HM
34Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — What Life Was Like HereKing’s Reach Site
The main house probably had two rooms on the first floor, a sleeping loft upstairs, a chimney made of mud and brick, and a shed facing the river. Archaeologists speculate that a room for storing dairy foods was located off the north side. By looking . . . Map (db m80913) HM
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Nov. 29, 2022