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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Stanton, North Dakota

 
Clickable Map of Mercer County, North Dakota and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Mercer County, ND (29) Dunn County, ND (3) McLean County, ND (10) Morton County, ND (24) Oliver County, ND (0) Stark County, ND (9)  MercerCounty(29) Mercer County (29)  DunnCounty(3) Dunn County (3)  McLeanCounty(10) McLean County (10)  MortonCounty(24) Morton County (24)  OliverCounty(0) Oliver County (0)  StarkCounty(9) Stark County (9)
Location of Stanton, North Dakota
    Mercer County (29)
    Dunn County (3)
    McLean County (10)
    Morton County (24)
    Oliver County (0)
    Stark County (9)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Awatixa Village — (Ah-wah-TEE-khah) (Eh)
The river that nurtured Awatixa Village is erasing evidence of its existence. In 1798, explorer-trader David Thompson estimated fifty-two earthlodges here. As of 1990, only thirty-one earthlodge depressions remained. Cutbank erosion and channel . . . Map (db m162270) HM
2North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Awatixa Xi'e Village — (Ah-wah-TEE-khah) (Eh)
Circles in the Earth You are at the edge of a large village of earthlodges. When the dwellings collapsed, they left circular mounds of earth around hardened saucer-like floors. From that pattern you can picture the extent of this village . . . Map (db m162212) HM
3North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Corrals — Fort Clark State Historic Site
In front of you are situated what archaeologist believe may have been corrals constructed by the Arikaras. Because views of the fort painted by George Catlin and Karl Bodmer between 1832 and 1834 do not show the corrals, they were likely built after . . . Map (db m162381) HM
4North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Cutbank Archeaology (sic)
Anatomy of a Village Viewed at prairie level, the village site shows few details of the Hidatsa people's lives. Most evidence lies below the surface. Here along the bank, repeated floods have exposed a slice of village life and given it . . . Map (db m162272) HM
5North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Earthlodges — Fort Clark State Historic Site
The earthlodge was a type of home used by many tribes on the Great Plains. Around you are the remains of earthlodges found in the village of Mih-tutta-hang-kush. There were more than eighty of these homes found on this site. Today, circular . . . Map (db m162528) HM
6North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Feeding the River — Hidatsa Fishing Techniques
From archeological evidence, we know how the Hidatsa fished. The villagers used bone fishhooks at first, but metal hooks began to appear after the 1790s - a result of trade with Europeans. From catfish spines and fish scales found in middens, we . . . Map (db m162273) HM
7North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Fort Clark (circa 1830-1860) — Fort Clark State Historic Site
This location contains the remains of Fort Clark, named in honor of former explorer William Clark, who was Superintendent of Indian Affairs at the time. It was built by James Kipp for trade with the Mitutanka Mandan Indians living in the earthlodge . . . Map (db m162387) HM
8North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Fort Clark in the International Fur Trade — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Fort Clark was a small but important post in the American Fur Co. (AMF) empire but only a minute element within an immense international fur and hide trade. Its cycle of trade incorporated Native Americans of the northern plains, American traders . . . Map (db m162379) HM
9North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Fort Mandan Overlook — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Eighteen years before the establishment of the Mandan Village of Mih-tutta-hang-kush, a settlement of a different kind was being built a few miles northwest of this point. In November 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition began construction of their . . . Map (db m162530) HM
10North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Geophysics and Archaeology — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Geophysics is the application of the methods of physics to the study of object or materials beneath the surface of the earth. Archeo-geophysics applies geophysical principles to the study of near-surface archaeological deposits. The goal is to . . . Map (db m162461) HM
11North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Hidatsa Garden
With simple tools, Hidatsa women grew corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers in the fertile soil along the Missouri and Knife Rivers. Buffalo Bird Woman, known in Hidatsa as Maxidiwiac, was born born about 1839, in an earth lodge along the . . . Map (db m162210) HM
12North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Hidatsa Village
Fortified Ground A thriving earthlodge village stood here. Though surface clues appear minimal, there is a pattern to the ground's subtle dips and wrinkles, a way to reconstruct the life and death of the village. Read the terrain like . . . Map (db m162274) HM
13North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Lewis & Clark at the Knife River Indian Villages — Lewis & Clark in North Dakota
With 168 days and 1,600 miles behind them, the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived near the Knife River Villages. Captain William Clark wrote: October 27, 1804 "came too at the Village on the L.S. this village is situated on an eminance . . . Map (db m33610) HM
14North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Mandans and Arikaras of the Village — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Mato-Tope (the Four Bears) The second chief of the Mandans, Mato-Tope, was respected and revered for his leadership, honor, and bravery. George Catlin referred to his in an 1832 letter: This extraordinary man, though second in . . . Map (db m162529) HM
15North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Middens
To imagine these people's daily lives, consider their trash. Molehill-like mounds two to four feet high near the village edge are middens or garbage heaps packed with broken pottery, bone tools, and flaked stone. Shattered buffalo bones are the most . . . Map (db m162214) HM
16North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Mih-tutta-hang-kush (meaning East Village or First Village) — Fort Clark State Historic Site
You are approaching the site of a former Mandan Indian village called Mih-tutta-hang-kush. This name means "east village" or "first village." Mih-tutta-hanf-kush was established in 1822 and was occupied by the Mandans until 1837 when the smallpox . . . Map (db m162276) HM
17North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Missouri Valley Environs — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Fort Clark and its opposition post Primeau's Post, as well as that of the nearby Mandan and later Arikara village, were for defense and also served to tap the bountiful natural resources of this stretch of the Missouri River valley. Between 1832 and . . . Map (db m162383) HM
18North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Palisade Wall — Fort Clark State Historic Site
You are now looking at a portion of the former palisade wall and the ditch that surrounded the Mandan village of Mih-tutta-hang-kush. A palisade is a row of closely spaced vertical posts set together to form a protective wall. Archaeologists belief . . . Map (db m162534) HM
19North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Pierre Garreau's Lodge — Fort Clark State Historic Site
This earthlodge was the home of Pierre Garreau. Garreau, the son of a French father and an Arikara mother, was employed by the American Fur Company as an interpreter. He was well known for his strength and bravery. Interpreters, such as Garreau, . . . Map (db m162391) HM
20North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — River-Centered
Built so close to the river, Awatixa Village and other nearby sites suggest a pattern - a vital link between Hidatsa culture and the riverine environment. The Missouri River and its tributaries provided fish, fertile soil for crops, and a green . . . Map (db m162271) HM
21North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Smallpox and the Central Plaza — Fort Clark State Historic Site
In the summer of 1837, the steamboat St. Peters arrived at the Mandan village and Fort Clark, carrying passengers, supplies, and trade goods. Tragically, some of the people on the St. Peters were also infected with smallpox. In a . . . Map (db m162532) HM
22North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Stone Shelter — Fort Clark State Historic Site
The stone shelter you are standing in was constructed in the 1930s as one of the many projects completed throughout the state by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The CCC and the WPA were programs . . . Map (db m162476) HM
23North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — The Blockhouses — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Fort Clark's most prominent structural features, the enclosure or "palisade" and projecting blockhouses, were built to defend its occupants from attack and the Company's trade goods from theft. Curiously, historic documents and archaeological . . . Map (db m162471) HM
24North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — The People — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Fort Clark's citizens were small in number but extremely diverse in cultural origin. This ethnic diversity is reflected in one Company trader's remarks that trading posts were a "Babylonian confusion of languages...Assiniboin, Crow, Herantsa, . . . Map (db m162389) HM
25North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Tobacco
"Tobacco was cultivated in my tribe only by old men." - Buffalo Bird Woman's Garden "Our young men did not smoke much; a few did, but most of them used little tobacco, or almost none. They were taught that smoking would injure their lungs . . . Map (db m162207) HM
26North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Trading Post Plan — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Shortly after Fort Clark's construction (circa 1830), Prince Maximilian of Wied (Germany) described the post in his journal as "built on the same plan as the other trading posts of the Company. The front and back of the square are forty-four paces . . . Map (db m162459) HM
27North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Two Bourgeois or Head Traders of the Fort — Fort Clark State Historic Site
James Kipp In the twilight of his years, a "Canadian of German descent," James Kipp, (1788-1880_ was to be remembered for both his AMF fort-building experiences and his vast knowledge of the Upper Missouri country and its . . . Map (db m162456) HM
28North Dakota (Mercer County), Stanton — Winter Villages and Lodges — Fort Clark State Historic Site
Winter villages of the Mandans and the neighboring Hidatsas were located in the forested river bottoms of the Missouri River and Knife River valleys. These temporary village locations were chosen based on availability, suitable protection form harsh . . . Map (db m162473) HM
 
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Apr. 14, 2021