“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Stillwater, New York

Clickable Map of Saratoga County, New York and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Saratoga County, NY (483) Albany County, NY (344) Fulton County, NY (143) Hamilton County, NY (16) Montgomery County, NY (198) Rensselaer County, NY (153) Schenectady County, NY (163) Warren County, NY (157) Washington County, NY (157)  SaratogaCounty(483) Saratoga County (483)  AlbanyCounty(344) Albany County (344)  FultonCounty(143) Fulton County (143)  HamiltonCounty(16) Hamilton County (16)  MontgomeryCounty(198) Montgomery County (198)  RensselaerCounty(153) Rensselaer County (153)  SchenectadyCounty(163) Schenectady County (163)  WarrenCounty(157) Warren County (157)  WashingtonCounty(157) Washington County (157)
Ballston Spa is the county seat for Saratoga County
Stillwater is in Saratoga County
      Saratoga County (483)  
      Albany County (344)  
      Fulton County (143)  
      Hamilton County (16)  
      Montgomery County (198)  
      Rensselaer County (153)  
      Schenectady County (163)  
      Warren County (157)  
      Washington County (157)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — 225th Anniversary Battles of Saratoga1777 – 2002
Turning point in the struggle for an independent United States of America Saratoga Battle Chapter Sons of the American Revolution 4 July 2002 Originally placed in honor of our Nation’s BicentennialMap (db m9171) HM
2New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — American Encampment and General HeadquartersHistory Now
Mid-September of 1777 found an American army of 8,500 encamped on these uplands, called Bemis Heights. The soldiers worked feverishly building fortifications to block the Crown Forces marching from the north. You can see the site of American . . . Map (db m9882) HM
3New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — American River Defense
Standing here in the summer of 1777, with you back to the invading Crown Forces, you would have seen the eastern leg of the American fortifications which surrounded Bemis Heights. The white stakes across the ravine mark the southern end of these . . . Map (db m11533) HM
4New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — American River Fortifications
Skillful military engineering converted this bluff into a stronghold. Gun batteries on the river flats below commanded even the hills on the other side of the river. Behind you, across the ravine, was the main American line. It was this the British . . . Map (db m11531) HM
5New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Americans Attack
Still caught in the frenzy of fighting at the Barber Wheat Field, American troops launched savage attacks across this area in a vain attempt to drive the Crown Forces from these fortifications.Map (db m11508) HM
6New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Anchor of the American Line
Artillery and infantry positions along this bluff commanded the road to Albany. This defense line forced the British army to fight on American terms.Map (db m11561) HM
7New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Arnold’s Assault
While Morgan’s Light Corps, the 5th and 6th Massachusetts Continentals and other American troops attacked the Breymann Redoubt from the front, the intrepid Benedict Arnold – without a command of his own - joined a handful of Americans in a . . . Map (db m9825) HM
8New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Asa Chatfield Farm
The farmhouse which stood near here was used as an American observation post. Between the engagements, Patriot pickets held the near side of the Middle Ravine; British pickets, the far side.Map (db m9894) HM
9New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Bemis Heights
You are on the crest of Bemis Heights at the apex of the American defense lines. Nearby were a fortified barn, batteries, infantry breastworks, hospital, headquarters and encampment sites.Map (db m9878) HM
10New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Benedict Arnold Boot Monument
Erected 1887 by John Watts de Peyster Brev. Maj. Gen. S.N.Y. 2nd V. Pres’t Saratoga Mon’t Ass’t’n In memory of the “most brilliant soldier” of the Continental Army, who was desperately wounded on this spot, the sally port of Burgoynes . . . Map (db m9141) HM
11New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Birthplace of Abigail Powers Fillmore
Site of Birthplace in 1798 of Abigail Powers Fillmore wife of the 13th U.S. President Millard FillmoreMap (db m134557) HM
12New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Bloody Knoll
This reconstruction is one of two small outworks that were built to provide forward protection for the much larger Balcarres Redoubt. The knoll derives its name from the many casualties suffered in this area during the fighting of October 7, 1777. . . . Map (db m11510) HM
13New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Brig. Gen. Abraham Ten Broeck
. . . Map (db m10086) HM
14New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Brigadier General Simon Fraser
Born: Invernesshire, Scotland Died: Saratoga, New York This memorial commemorates the death and burial October 8, 1777 of General Simon Fraser, a loyal Highlander, trusted soldier, and respected leader of Burgoyne’s advance corps who was mortally . . . Map (db m9374) HM
15New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Bullard Paper Company Chimney
Here 1880 while excavating for Bullard Paper Mill chimney, the remains of an unknown soldier and his horse were exhumedMap (db m132503) HM
16New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Burgoyne’s Headquarters
Scaled in size according to the rank of the occupant, Crown Force officers’ tents – or marquees – graced the American wilderness with fluttering pennants, elegant fringe and elaborate awnings and breezeways. The several large, colorful marquees . . . Map (db m9864) HM
17New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Burgoyne’s Retreat
On the night of October 8, Burgoyne began his retreat northward. At Saratoga (Schuylerville) his army was surrounded by the Americans. After a week of siege, Burgoyne surrendered on October 17, 1777, by the terms of the Convention of Saratoga. . . . Map (db m10046) HM
18New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Burial Site of General FraserHistory Now
The British General Simon Fraser, mortally wounded during the battle of October 7, 1777, was buried near this site the following day.Map (db m10065) HM
19New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Colonel Joseph Cilly
At the height of the fighting in the Barber Wheat Field, when New Hampshire Continentals overran two British cannons, an excited American officer, Colonel Joseph Cilly, leaped upon one of the smoking guns to claim it for the Patriots’ cause.Map (db m10022) HM
20New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Crown ForcesHistory Now
Crown Forces beat off repeated American attacks against this fortified position from about 3:30 in the afternoon until dusk on October 7, 1777.Map (db m11505) HM
21New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Crown Forces Artillery Park
When Burgoyne ordered his army into retreat, the Crown Forces Artillery Park – located on the flat area below and to your right – became a scene of frantic activity. The artillery equipment assembled there – larger field guns and . . . Map (db m36826) HM
22New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Crown Forces Baggage Park
When the order came to retreat, the civilian teamsters contracted by the British – many from Canada – began harnessing teams of horses and yoking pairs of bawling oxen in the Baggage Park on the flat directly below you. Wagons and . . . Map (db m36828) HM
23New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Dirck Swart House
Headquarters Aug. 3 – 14, 1777, of Gen. Philip Schuyler. Arnold marched from here to relief of Fort Stanwix.Map (db m36811) HM
24New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Earthworks
On the wooded hill to the left stand Earthworks thrown up by Amer. Army before the Battle of Saratoga 1777 State Education Department 1932Map (db m11563) HM
25New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Ferry Lane
Oct. 1777 Burgoyne’s Brunswick troops marched through this lane to Vandenburgh Ferry and prison camp at Cambridge, Mass.Map (db m36809) HM
26New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Forgotten Lives; Working Class Families of the Canal Era Revealed
The Champlain Canal/Bemis Heights site is a residential site first occupied during the 1830s soon after the construction of the Champlain Canal. The highway (NY 32) was developed during the eighteenth century as a north-south passage between the . . . Map (db m28605) HM
27New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Freeman Houseand Site of the Battle of September 19, 1777 — History Now —
The first battle of Saratoga was fought here on September 19, 1777. The map shows the troop positions. British forces drove the Americans from this place immediately around Freeman’s farmhouse. Then the British fortified the area, including the . . . Map (db m11504) HM
28New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Gates Headquarters
Saratoga Oct. 7, 1777 Headquarters of General Horatio Gates The gift of George M. PullmanMap (db m56882) HM
29New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — NY-16 — Gen. Henry Knox Trail
Through this place passed Gen. Henry Knox in the winter of 1775-1776 to deliver to Gen. George Washington at Cambridge the train of artillery from Fort Ticonderoga used to force the British Army to evacuate Boston Erected by The State of New York . . . Map (db m23709) HM
30New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — General Fraser Was Struck
. . . Map (db m10021) HM
31New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — General Gates Headquarters
Site of General Gates Headquarters previous to surrender of General Burgoyne Oct. 17, 1777Map (db m56890) HM
32New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — HS40 — George O. Slingerland1872 – 1932
. . . Map (db m36861) HM
33New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Harmanus Schuyler Mansion
Site of Harmanus Schuyler Mansion Washington, Schuyler and Clinton were entertained here in 1783.Map (db m56894) HM
34New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — HS51 — Here Frazer Fell
Oct. 7th, 1777 His forces scattered by Morgan’s riflemen. Gift of J.W.DrexelMap (db m9381) HM
35New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Historic Sites
Fort Ingoldsby   built 1709 Fort Winslow   built 1756 Montressor’s Blockhouse & Storehouse Barracks   1758 Schuylers Supply Depot   1777Map (db m56897) HM
36New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — John Hardin Memorial
Saratoga 1777 British Redoubt To commemorate the services of Lieutenant John Hardin of Morgan’s Rifle Corps who led a successful reconnaissance Sept. 18, 1777. Who also distinguished himself in the battles fought on this ground Sept. 19 and . . . Map (db m66808) HM
37New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — John Neilson House and FarmHistory Now
John Neilson, who farmed this land, cast his lot with the Patriot cause. The building you see is a restoration of his original home. By mid-September 1777, the American Army had taken over Neilson’s house and barn, and enclosed much of his farm . . . Map (db m9886) HM
38New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Ketchum’s Corners
Named for the Joel Ketchum family who settled here about 1783.Map (db m131567) HM
39New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — HS43 — Kosciuszko1746 - 1817
In memory of The Noble Son of Poland Brig. General Thaddeus Kosciuszko Military Engineer Soldier of the War of Independence who under the command of General Gates selected and fortified these fields for the great Battle of Saratoga in which the . . . Map (db m9690) HM
40New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Main British EncampmentHistory Now
In marked contrast to the officers’ marquees were hundreds of enlisted men’s tents. The main British encampment of some 4,000 soldiers extended east of Balcarres Redoubt to beyond the crest of the rise in front of you and to your left. Markers in . . . Map (db m9863) HM
41New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Main Crown Forces Hospital
Burgoyne’s retreating army was forces to leave its sick and wounded to the care of the Americans. The main British medical facilities were located on the flat area below and to your right.Map (db m36824) HM
42New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Mead’s Tavern
The site of the first Saratoga County Board of Supervisors’ meeting on June 2, 1791.Map (db m36816) HM
43New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Montgomery Lodge R.A.M.Bicentennial comm. 1977
Site of Montgomery Lodge R.A.M. Chartered 1791; hall built 1806 first floor was early village school.Map (db m79972) HM
44New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — HS45 — New Hampshire Memorial1777 --- 1927
“I dedicate this gun to the American Cause.” Colonel Joseph Cilley In honor of Enoch Poor Brigadier-General of the New Hampshire troops Joseph Cilley Colonel of the First Regiment Henry Dearborn Colonel of the Second Regiment . . . Map (db m10084) HM
45New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — New York and Massachusetts Forces
Under intense pressure from the Massachusetts Continentals and New York and Massachusetts militia, units of the German Brunswick and Hesse-Hanau regiments were forced back from this site near the center of the battle line.Map (db m66813) HM
46New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Nicholas Fish
In memory of Nicholas Fish Major 2nd N.Y. Reg. Engaged in the battle on these grounds. Saratoga 1777Map (db m56887) HM
47New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — North Redan
If the ‘redcoats’ had advanced down the road below toward Albany the guns of this strongpoint would have been the first to greet them. In 1777 the road swung from its present route diagonally across the fields below you toward the river.Map (db m9932) HM
48New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Patriots’ Eye-View
The road and river below led to Albany. They were Burgoyne’s invasion route. Americans watched and waited here for him to come.Map (db m11530) HM
49New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Prelude to HistoryHistory Now
When news of the British invasion reached the farmers who tilled these fields, some went north to join the Crown Forces. Such a loyalist was John Freeman. On a hot summer afternoon in 1777, one of Freeman’s neighbors who stayed to fight for the . . . Map (db m9870) HM
50New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Redoubt
Here stood one of the strongest units of the American river fortifications. It was strengthened by the water batteries along the river.Map (db m9938) HM
51New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Rockefeller Memorial
In honor of Adjutant Philip Rockefeller Lieutenant Peter Rockefeller Lieutenant William Rockefeller Captain Diel Rockefeller Privates Simon Rockefeller Diehl Rockefeller Christian Rockefeller John Rockefeller Henry Rockefeller --------------- . . . Map (db m66812) HM
52New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Saratoga 1777
Here Morgan reluctant to destroy so noble a foe was forced by patriotic necessity to defeat and slay the gentle and gallant Fraser. To commemorate the magnanimity of Morgan’s heroic nature and his stern sense of duty to his country, this tablet is . . . Map (db m9378) HM
53New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Saratoga 1777The Great Ravine
Here the battle raged back and forth on Sept. 19 and Oct. 7. Here Major Acland was wounded ---------- The gift of Mrs Estelle WilloughbyMap (db m9383) HM
54New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Saratoga 1777
Here the first assault was made by the Americans on the British line of battle October 7th in memory of John M. BrownMap (db m9739) HM
55New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Saratoga 1777
The Battle of Sep. 19th Freeman’s FarmMap (db m36830) HM
56New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Saratoga Springs Air Force StationTown of Stillwater, NY — 1952-1977 —
The hill above was the location of a Cold War early warning radar site built as part of a system designed to defend the United States against enemy air attacks. This marker erected by and dedicated to the men and women of the 656th Radar Squadron . . . Map (db m131570) HM
57New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Site of Chatfield Farm
American and British advance pickets often exchanged musket fire across Middle Ravine during the weeks that followed the Battle of September 19, 1777. Then, on the afternoon of October 7, excited American pickets reported large formations of Crown . . . Map (db m9893) HM
58New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Site of Schuyler Mansion
Site of Schuyler Mansion Home of Rensselaer Schuyler son of General Philip SchuylerMap (db m56893) HM
59New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Site of the Taylor Cabin
Grievously wounded, General Simon Fraser was carried here to the Taylor cabin, which had been taken over as a residence by Baroness Riedesel, the wife of the German commander. The bleeding general was brought into the room, where a cheerful . . . Map (db m32502) HM
60New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Stillwater Blockhouse
Blockhouse Replica of an 18th century blockhouse. Built in 1927. Original visitor center at Saratoga Battlefield. Moved to this site in 1999. Map (db m40491) HM
61New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Stillwater World War I Memorial1917       1918
Erected by the war chest of The Town of Stillwater to honor patriotic services in The Great World War A. Bache • G. W. Baker • H. B. Baker • J. R. Baker • C. J. Baker • W. Barrey • A. Barthea • A. Barthiamie • L. A. Batchelder • J. L. Bennett • A. . . . Map (db m56989) HM
62New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Strategy and Terrain
By closing the road and river, the Americans forced the British into rough, wooded lands where they could not use their infantry and artillery to best advantage.Map (db m9935) HM
63New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Surviving Portion of Champlain Canal
Built in the 1820s, many years after the Revolutionary War, this section of the Champlain Canal followed the same natural north-south route chosen by Burgoyne’s invading army. Linking the Hudson River with Lake Champlain, the canal joined northern . . . Map (db m36829) HM
64New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Thaddeus KosciuskoHistory Now
Thaddeus Kosciusko, a Polish military engineer and volunteer in the American cause, directed the building of fortifications to block the British Invasion.Map (db m11534) HM
65New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Academy
The Stillwater Academy was founded in 1847 as a private coeducational school. Established by New York State students.Map (db m56905) HM
66New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Balcarres Redoubt
Stunned and reeling from fighting in Barber’s Wheat Field, Crown Forces were able to re-form here behind previously constructed defenses. These log-and-earth walls had been built shortly after September 19, 1777. These fortifications are now known . . . Map (db m11507) HM
67New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Battle Begins at Barber’s Wheat FieldHistory Now
The fighting began where you now stand and in the woods behind you in mid-afternoon of October 7, 1777. Within minutes, more than 4,000 men collided in savage combat along a line stretching westward across the Barber Wheat Field in front of you and . . . Map (db m10020) HM
68New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Battle of Freeman’s Farm
In the fields before you, the first action of the Battle of Saratoga began. Shortly after noon on September 19, American pickets posted in the Freeman House fired on advance elements of the center column of the British army. The Americans were . . . Map (db m9824) HM
69New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Breymann RedoubtHistory Now
Failing to capture the Balcarres Redoubt, the Americans surged against Crown Forces’ fortifications built here. Attacking relentlessly, they overwhelmed this important defensive position just before nightfall, October 7, 1777. Never more than a . . . Map (db m9826) HM
70New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The British Advance on Bemis HeightsOctober 7, 1777
On October 7, General Burgoyne sent 1,500 men and 10 cannon to flank the American position on Bemis Heights. The Patriots intercepted the British here in the Barber wheatfield and the battle was on again.Map (db m10012) HM
71New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The British WithdrawOctober 7, 1777
As the action of October 7 developed, the British right and left flanks began to break under the American attack. General Simon Fraser was mortally wounded a few yards northwest of here (to your left) while trying to rally the British 24th Regiment. . . . Map (db m10015) HM
72New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Canadian Cabins
Two small fortified cabins defended by Canadian troops stood about 600 feet south of this site. These cabins were an important link in the British line of defense as can be seen on the reproduction map drawn by an English officer. Their capture . . . Map (db m66822) HM
73New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The First Baptist ChurchSite of
Founded in 1762 by a group from Rhode Island. Burial site of Elder-Lemuel Powers father of Abigail FillmoreMap (db m129539) HM
74New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The Great Redoubt
Capture of the Breymann Redoubt forced Burgoyne to withdraw his army to a position centered on three fortifications shown on this map drawn by a British officer. This is the site of the eastern wall of the second of these three fortifications which . . . Map (db m10066) HM
75New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — The River Redoubts
On these bluffs the British constructed three redoubts to protect their artillery park and hospital, located on the river flats below.Map (db m10048) HM
76New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Timothy Murphy
This monument is erected by the Ancient Order of Hibernians of Saratoga County to the memory of Timothy Murphy Celebrated marksman of Colonel Morgan’s Rifle Corps whose unerring aim turned the tide of battle by the death of the British General . . . Map (db m28611) HM
77New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — To the Battlefield
←   1777Map (db m56888) HM
78New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — To the Battlefield
1777   → Map (db m56889) HM
79New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — United Church
First built in 1873 as The Second Baptist Church Federated in 1947, became United Church Presbyterian in 1952Map (db m56903) HM
80New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — HS44 — Unknown American Soldiers
The Unknown American Soldiers who perished in the Battles of Saratoga September 19 and October 7, 1777 and were here buried in unmarked graves helped to assure the triumph of the War of Independence, to create the Republic of the United States of . . . Map (db m9736) HM
81New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Unknown Soldiers
In memory of unknown soldiers reinterred here Dedicated Sept. 19, 1987Map (db m9375) HM
82New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Water Battery
Saratoga 1777 Water Battery defending bridge of boats In memory of Kosciusko who selected the whole line of defenseMap (db m56885) HM
83New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Yellow Meeting House
Built 1764 at Stillwater. Later removed to this spot. First congregational church in northern New York.Map (db m133867) HM
84New York (Saratoga County), Stillwater — Zebulon Bidwell
Captain 4th Company Colonel Thaddeus Cook’s Regiment Connecticut Militia Killed here in the Battle of Saratoga September 19, 1777 Erected by Bidwell Family Association September 19, 1924Map (db m11511) HM
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Jul. 1, 2022