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Historical Markers and War Memorials in U Street Corridor, District of Columbia

 
Clickable Map of Washington, District of Columbia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Washington, DC (1975) Montgomery County, MD (574) Prince George s County, MD (525) Alexandria Ind. City, VA (299) Arlington County, VA (382) Fairfax County, VA (488)   (1975) Washington (1975)  MontgomeryCountyMaryland(574) Montgomery County (574)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(525) Prince George's County (525)  AlexandriaVirginia(299) Alexandria (299)  ArlingtonCounty(382) Arlington County (382)  FairfaxCounty(488) Fairfax County (488)
Location of U Street Corridor
    Washington (1975)
    Montgomery County, Maryland (574)
    Prince George's County, Maryland (525)
    Alexandria, Virginia (299)
    Arlington County, Virginia (382)
    Fairfax County, Virginia (488)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "All Men Are Brothers"
Paul travelled the world using his art as his weapon to fight against oppression and for self determination for all people. His home turf and land of his birth was not off limits as he marched with others to advance the cause of civil rights and . . . Map (db m112000) HM
2District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Deep River"
Paul Robeson's passport was restored in 1958. It is fitting that the former Soviet Union named a mountain in honor of this colossus of a man. His birthday has been honored in China and India with national days of celebration. Workers around . . . Map (db m112002) HM
3District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Joshua Fit De Battle Of Jericho"
Paul Robeson Jr. (November 2, 1927 - April 26, 2014) was Paul and Essies only child. He was born in Brooklyn, NY and as a young boy lived with his grandmother in Moscow where his parents sought to protect him from American racism. He . . . Map (db m111998) HM
4District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "No More Auction Block For Me"
Robeson met his future wife Eslanda Cordoza Goode while at Columbia University (1919-1923) where he received a law degree. His interest in law took a decisive turn when a secretary refused to take dictation from him because of his race. He . . . Map (db m111994) HM
5District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Old Man River"
Paul Robeson is cast as the stevedore Joe in the musical Showboat, music by Jerome Kern and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. Robeson sings the show's most memorable song "Old Man River" which he would later change the lyrics to become a . . . Map (db m111995) HM
6District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Othello"
"Soft you. A word or two before you go. I have done the state some service, and they know 't. No more of that I pray you, in your letters, When you shall these unlucky deeds relate, Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate, Nor set down . . . Map (db m111999) HM
7District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Scandalize My Name"
Paris Peace Conference April 20, 1949: "It is unthinkable that the Negro people of America or elsewhere in the world could be drawn into war with the Soviet Union" Paul Robeson. Before Robeson even spoke in Paris a distorted version of . . . Map (db m112001) HM
8District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child"
Paul Leroy Robeson (April 9, 1898 - January 23, 1976) was the son of William Drew Robeson a runaway slave and Maria Louisa Bustill, daughter of a prominent Philadelphia Quaker family. Maria died tragically in a fire when Paul was six years old. . . . Map (db m112942) HM
9District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Stand By Me"
Eslanda Cardozo Goode Robeson, wife of Paul Robeson was the grand daughter of Francis Cardozo the first African American to hold a Statewide office in the United States. The Cardozo Education Campus located at 13th and Clifton St. NW . . . Map (db m111997) HM
10District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Wade in the Water"
Paul Robeson approached the role as Brutus in the Emperor Jones as one of the greatest challenges of his early acting career. The forceful drama compelled him to look deeper into his own interpretation of dramatic roles and their contribution . . . Map (db m111996) HM
11District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 3 — "We had everything we needed right here." — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
Black businesses sprung up everywhere on U Street in the early 1900s. As racial segregation increased, African Americans in Washington began a tradition of protest. They also responded by creating institutions of there own. In the 25 years . . . Map (db m173377) HM
12District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 6 — A Home Away From Home — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The Thurgood Marshall Center for Service and Heritage occupies the historic Italian Renaissance-style building of the 12th Street YMCA, known after 1972 as the Anthony Bowen YMCA. The 12th Street YMCA was the first African American YMCA . . . Map (db m130788) HM
13District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 9 — A Magic Place — City within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
Louis Armstrong and Sarah Vaughn were two of the nationally famous entertainers who played in the brick building on this corner, once home to the popular Club Bali, also called the New Bali. In the memory of one former customer, it was a . . . Map (db m130789) HM
14District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — A Place to Grow — Anthony Bowen YMCA — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
You are standing at the fourth home of the Anthony Bowen YMCA, named for the formerly enslaved minister who founded the nation's first independent "colored" YMCA. As the YMCA opened in Washington in 1853, slavery was legal. Yet the majority . . . Map (db m149453) HM
15District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 12 — A Prestige Address — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The grand Beaux-Arts buildings near this corner stand witness to the status of this area in early 20th century Washington, and as tribute to the indomitable spirit of Mary Foote Henderson. The wealthy wife of Senator John B. Henderson, she . . . Map (db m130803) HM
16District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 11 — A Shared Neighborhood — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
Although Washington, D.C., has been a racially segregated city for much of its history, black and white Washingtonians have shared parts of this neighborhood. The modern building across 15th Street sits on the site of Portner Flats, . . . Map (db m130802) HM
17District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — African American Civil War Memorial — "Spirit of Freedom" — Civil War to Civil Rights and Beyond —
This memorial is dedicated to those who served in the African American units of the Union Army in the Civil War. The 209,145 names inscribed on these walls commemorate those fighters of freedom. [Names of the officers and enlisted men who . . . Map (db m41748) HM
18District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — African American Civil War Memorial — African American Civil War Museum Freedom Foundation
The African American Civil War Memorial pays tribute to the 209,145 black soldiers and the 7,800 white officers who led them in their fight for freedom in the Civil War. following the Civil War, many soldiers would return home as war heroes to . . . Map (db m113686) HM
19District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Ben's Chili Bowl / Minnehaha Theater — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1213 U Street, NW —
Ben's Chili Bowl, founded in 1958 by Ben and Virginia Ali, is one of the oldest continuous businesses on U Street. It is also one of the few to survive both the assassination of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., and the years of the disruptive . . . Map (db m20341) HM
20District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Black Broadway — @ArtBlocDC #ArtBlocDC
Not too long ago black artists, performers, and patrons created this place called Black Broadway, risen from the ground ascending to monumental heights the entire world witnessed in awe! Every day... every night. Black Broadway is sacred and . . . Map (db m111991) HM
21District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 4 — Civil War Camp to Victorian Neighborhood — City within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The Shaw neighborhood and the Greater U Street Historic District are rich in African American and Civil War history. They are the ideal place for the African American Civil War Memorial now located on this Metro plaza. The neighborhood was . . . Map (db m130790) HM
22District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Dedicated in Honor of Claven Wood
In the aftermath of the 1968 assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, following the burning and destruction, Claven Wood purchased and restored 1351 U Street. During the restoration, Mr. Wood made the decision to preserve a small portion of . . . Map (db m143211) HM
23District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Edward “Duke” Ellington Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC — 1805 13th Street, NW —
Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington (1899—1974), the internationally renowned composer and musician born in Washington, DC, spend part of his youth here at 1805 13th Street, NW (1910—1914). During those formative years he studied . . . Map (db m79980) HM
24District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Evans-Tibbs House
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m136838) HM
25District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Frelinghuysen University / Jesse Lawson and Rosetta C. Lawson — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1800 Vermont Avenue, NW —
Frelinghuysen University was founded in 1917 to provide education, religious training, and social services for black working-class adults. Founders include Jesse Lawson, a Howard University-educated lawyer; his wife Rosetta C. Lawson, an advocate . . . Map (db m48407) HM
26District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Georgia Douglas Johnson Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1461 S Street, NW —
During the 1920s and 1930s, this house hosted a Saturday evening literary salon, welcoming such luminaries as Alice Dunbar Nelson, Angelina Grimkι, Langston Hughes, Alain Locke, Kelly Miller, and Jean Toomer. Poet and hostess Georgia Douglas Johnson . . . Map (db m114763) HM
27District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 5 — Howard University Sets the Standard — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
To the northeast rises the tower of Founders Library at Howard University - an institution created in 1867 that has trained and inspired generations of African American leaders and has been a lodestar for its own community. The highest . . . Map (db m130791) HM
28District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Industrial Bank of Washington — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 2000 11th Street, NW —
Industrial Bank stands as a testament to the Black business movement that began in the 1880s in downtown Washington and spread to the U Street area by the 1900s. Industrial Bank was the only Black-owned financial institution in the city when . . . Map (db m41804) HM
29District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — John Wesley Cromwell Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1439 Swann Street, NW —
Lawyer, scholar, and publisher John Wesley Cromwell (1846-1927) lived here from 1894 until his death. Born enslaved in Portsmouth, Virginia, Cromwell moved to Washington in 1871 to study law at Howard University. He published the weekly People's . . . Map (db m96273) HM
30District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Lincoln Theatre and Lincoln Colonnade — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1215 U Street, NW —
The Lincoln Theatre, built by white theater magnate Harry Crandall, opened in 1922 under African American management as U Street's most elegant first-run movie house. With 1,600 seats, it also was one of the biggest. In addition to films, the . . . Map (db m33736) HM
31District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Louise Burrell Miller Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1204 T Street, NW —
Louise Burrell Miller led a group that successfully sued the DC Board of Education in 1952 to have deaf African American children educated within the District. Until Miller v. the Board of Education, the children, including Miller's young son . . . Map (db m96272) HM
32District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Marlon Francisco Morales — Law Enforcement Officer, Husband, Father and Friend — December 26, 1968 - June 13, 2001 —
In honor of Metro Transit Police Officer Marlon Francisco Morales, who was mortally wounded at the U Street/African American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo Metrorail Station on June 10, 2001.Map (db m15473) HM
33District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Mary Ann Shadd Cary Residence — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1421 W Street, NW —
When the lists of African American “firsts” are read, Mary Ann Shadd Cary’s name is everywhere. Born in Delaware to a free Black abolitionist family, Cary (1823-1893) moved to Canada in 1850 and ran a racially integrated school. Her . . . Map (db m61813) HM
34District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 13 — Meridian Hill Park — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
Just ahead of you at the corner of 15th Street and Florida Avenue is the entrance to Meridian Hill Park, a dramatic urban oasis established in 1912 and completed in 1936. Its stunning, 12-acre landscape features the longest cascading waterfall . . . Map (db m130792) HM
35District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1000 U Street, NW —
The first African Masonic order south of the Mason-Dixon line was founded in the District of Columbia in 1825. Social Lodge No. 7, as it was known, combined with two other lodges in 1848 to form the Union Grand Lodge. Later, the name was changed to . . . Map (db m33737) HM
36District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Paul Laurence Dunbar Apartments — "Our Horizon is the Universe"
In 2009, the Residents Association of the Campbell Heights Apartments was given the opportunity to preserve their community by exercising their District of Columbia Tenant Opportunity to Purchase Act rights. Jair Lynch Development Partners created a . . . Map (db m80483) HM
37District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 14 — Riots to Renaissance — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The corner of 14th and U Streets has been a city crossroads, a neighborhood gathering place, and a stage set for events that have shaken the city and the nation. For city residents, it was the transfer place for crosstown streetcars and . . . Map (db m130793) HM
38District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Scurlock Studio Site — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 900 U Street, NW —
Addison Scurlock (1883-1964) was the photographer of black Washington, specializing in dignified portraiture. In 1911 he opened a studio at 900 U Street (just west of the building of that address erected in 1999). The Scurlock Studio photographed . . . Map (db m109162) HM
39District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — St. Augustine Roman Catholic Church — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1425 V Street, NW —
St. Augustine Roman Catholic Church began in 1858 when African American congregants of the Saint Matthew's Church departed to organize their own day school. The group raised funds -- even held an event on the White House lawn -- and eventually . . . Map (db m154001) HM
40District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 2 — The True Reformer Building — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The daily lives of residents of this historic African American community were woven together through hundreds of social and civic organizations--fraternal organizations, clubs, school alumni associations, civic associations and the like. The . . . Map (db m130800) HM
41District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 8 — The Whitelaw Hotel and “the Duke” — City Within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The elegant Whitelaw Hotel at the corner of 13th and T Street opened its doors in 1919, offering African American travelers their first opportunity to stay in a first-class hotel in the segregated nation's capital. Inside they found a lobby . . . Map (db m130796) HM
42District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 253 — This is part of the Shaw neighborhood — Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions, One Neighborhood —
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . Map (db m112665) HM
43District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Washington Afro-American Newspaper Office Building — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1800 11th Street, NW —
The independent weekly Afro-American, one of the most enduring Black newspapers in the country was founded in Baltimore in 1892 by John H. Murphy, Sr. The Washington Afro-American began publication in 1932, and operated from this . . . Map (db m55538) HM
44District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression/Harriet Gibbs-Marscall/Mary P. Burrill — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 902 T Street, NW —
The Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression, which operated in this building from 1903 until 1960, was one of DC's earliest African American arts institutions. Harriet Gibbs-Marshall (1868-1941), the first African American to . . . Map (db m109161) HM
45District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 8 — You are in the "Strivers' Section" — Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions, One Neighborhood —
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . Map (db m129486) HM
46District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 1 — You Had to Wear a Tie — City within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
You are standing on Washington’s historic Black Broadway–the heart of African American life in Washington, D.C. from about 1900 to the 1950s. Duke Ellington, its most famous native son, grew up, was inspired, trained, and played his . . . Map (db m130799) HM
 
Jul. 26, 2021