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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Union Township, Pennsylvania
Location of Union Township, Pennsylvania
► Adams County (1337) ► Cumberland County (352) ► Franklin County (182) ► York County (295) ► Carroll County, Maryland (119) ► Frederick County, Maryland (469)
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|Known as "Mother of Reformed Churches" of this region. Congregation organized, May 1747, marking settlement of German pioneers in southern part of Conewago Valley. Section of present building erected, 1798. Many notable persons lie buried in the old . . . — — Map (db m10848) HM|
|The congregation was organized May 4, 1747 by the Rev. Michael Schlatter who was sent by the Synods of Holland to Pennsylvania.
On this site stood the first church, a log structure, which was replaced in 1798 by a brick church. This edifice . . . — — Map (db m14860) HM|
|In honor of revolutionary soldiers buried in this cemetery.
Johannes Bard Philip Rahn
Jacob Beihl George Jacob Scherman
Jacob Brothers Andreas Schreiver
John Crouse . . . — — Map (db m14861) HM|
In 1853, the Hopewell partners built a hot-blast anthracite furnace here. This new furnace did not burn charcoal but used anthracite coal to smelt iron — an attempt to reduce fuel costs and increase iron production.
Hopewell's anthracite . . . — — Map (db m23867) HM|
In the mid-1800s, brick ovens or kilns were built here in an attempt to modernize the charcoal-making process. Believed to be economically beneficial, these kilns fired and produced charcoal but proved unsuccessful. Today the only indication of . . . — — Map (db m23868) HM|
| Throughout surrounding hills are remains of hundreds of pits such as this one in front of you. Workers, or colliers, tended these pits to transform wood into charcoal — a pure carbon fuel.
Colliers ignited stacked wood covered with leaves . . . — — Map (db m23977) HM|
| Teamsters drove wagonloads of hot, newly made charcoal to this cooling shed. Paid by the load delivered, workers dumped charcoal here by removing wagon floorboards. Once charcoal cooled, it was moved and piled in the stone storage house in front of . . . — — Map (db m23980) HM|
| Ahead of you is a large wooden trough called a flume, part of the west headrace. Water from surrounding Hopewell land flowed down this flume and spilled into buckets on the water wheel, providing a reliable source of water to power the blast . . . — — Map (db m24027) HM|
|An elaborate arrangement of flowers, herbs, and fruits once decorated these terraces. Violets, poppies, roses, daffodils, and hollyhocks were formally arranged in the ironmaster's garden. Rosemary and thyme scented the air as Hopewell's gardener . . . — — Map (db m23988) HM|
|First European settlers in present Berks County on land granted by William Penn, 1704-5. The home of Mounce and Ingeborg Jones, built 1716 and the oldest house in the county, stands at the opposite end of the river bridge. — — Map (db m84538) HM|
|The canal visible beyond the field was built 1827-1834. Repaired in 1841, it carried water from French Creek to Conneaut Lake, reservoir for the Erie Extension canal, which operated between Erie and New Castle , 1844-71. — — Map (db m55065) HM|
|Near Titusville. The Park and Museum are owned by the State. On the site Col. Edwin Drake struck oil Aug. 27, 1859, marking the birth of the petroleum industry. Historical and museum material center. — — Map (db m64581) HM|
|Near this site was located the mule entrance to the Cincinnati coal mine. On April 23, 1913, at 12:15 P.M., One of the worst mine explosions in U.S. history occurred in this mine. This disaster resulted in the deaths of 96 miners and 1 rescue team . . . — — Map (db m64385) HM|
|"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty against the enemy in connection with a bombing mission over enemy occupied Europe on 20 February 1944. The aircraft on which Sergeant Mathies was serving as . . . — — Map (db m64386) HM|
|Built by Gabriel Cox about 700 yards Southeast of this site. Gabriel Cox came to this area in 1770 and took out a grant of 400 acres. The Virginia certificate was dated 1780 under the title of Coxburg. He also received another tract of the 262 acres . . . — — Map (db m78747) HM|
|James Chapel has been in continuous use since it was built in 1817. It was the outgrowth of a class formed about 1810 at Robert James' home. — — Map (db m78748) HM|
|This area has been called the cradle of the Whiskey Rebellion. Here in the 1790s, a log Presbyterian meetinghouse stood near the site of the present church. Used by the Mingo Creek Society after its formation in February 1794, it became a nerve . . . — — Map (db m45012) HM|