“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
162 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               The final 62 


Historical Markers and War Memorials in Victoria, British Columbia

"Ack Ack" (Anti-Aircraft) Artillery and Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., May 22, 2014
"Ack Ack" (Anti-Aircraft) Artillery and Marker
1 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — "Ack Ack" (Anti-Aircraft) ArtilleryLa DCA (artillerie antiaérienne)
During the First World War, Victoria was unprepared to fend off air attacks. In 1921, the 2nd AA (Anti-Aircraft) battery was formed in Victoria. No AA guns existed in Canada, so the unit made do with 13-pounder guns on a locally improvised . . . Map (db m98996) HM
2 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — "Summerdyne"Celebrating Our Heritage
The Burrell family home, "Summerdyne", on Oak Bay Avenue at Monterey looking west - circa 1906 The Burrell family walking east along Oak Bay Avenue near their home - circa 1900Map (db m75299) HM
3 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — 1942 Willys Jeep / Jeep Willys de 1942
Through arctic cold, desert heat, or jungle humidity, the rugged reliability of this no-frills "Vehicle, General Purpose" (G.P.) made it the most successful and recognizable Allied vehicle of the Second World War. Between 1939 and 1945 more . . . Map (db m99346) HM
4 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — 90 mm Anti-Aircraft GunCanon Antiaérien de 90 mm
During the 1950s this type of anti-aircraft gun was part of the Victoria-Esquimalt defences, although it was not used here at Fort Rodd Hill. This American-made weapon had begun to replace the British-designed 3.7-inch gun as the Canadian . . . Map (db m75031) HM
5 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Canteen / Cantine
This building was constructed in about 1900 to served as a canteen where the off-duty soldier could make purchases from a limited stock, drink beer and relax. The building was used as a canteen during summer training periods at Fort Rodd . . . Map (db m98860) HM
6 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Capt. James Cook, R.N.1728-1779
After two historic voyages of the South Pacific[,] Cook was cruising the waters of the Pacific Northwest on his third and final voyage, with his two ships, Resolution and Discovery[.] He was searching for the western exit to the legendary Northwest . . . Map (db m48546) HM
7 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Chinese Cemetery
Before 1903 the remains of early Chinese immigrants were buried in the low-lying, southwestern corner of Ross Bay cemetery. This area was often flooded after a heavy rainstorm. In the early 1900s, high winds and waves eroded a few waterfront . . . Map (db m75449) HM
8 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Coast Defence Artillery Positions: 1878-1956Positions de l’artillerie côtière: 1878-1956
The harbours at Victoria and Esquimalt, and the adjacent coastline were defended by temporary gun emplacements from 1878. International crises during the latter part of the century led to an agreement between the Canadian and British governments . . . Map (db m75210) HM
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9 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Defence Electric Light Directing StationPoste de commande des projecteurs d'éclairage
Defence Electric Lights on both sides of Esquimalt Harbour entrance were used to illuminate targets for the guns at night. Engine rooms generated power for the lights. Lights and engines were controlled from this Defence Electric Light . . . Map (db m99440) HM
10 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Defensible Wall / Mur défensif
This wall protected the battery from attack from the rear. It was both a protected position for riflemen and an obstacle. Barbed wire entanglements and natural cliff faces provided additional defence along the remainder of the battery . . . Map (db m99395) HM
11 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — European exploration in the Strait of Juan de FucaLes Européens explorent le Détroit de Juan de Fuca
Competition for sovereignty and trade drew Europeans to the Pacific Northwest coast in the 1780s. Although long known to First Nations people, the strait received its present name in 1787 when Charles Barkley identified it as the legendary . . . Map (db m80552) HM
12 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Fisgard Lighthouse / Phare de Fisgard
For many years, keepers tended this light. Now we tend the stories of the light. Pendant bien des années, des gardiens ont veillé à entretenir cette lumière. À présent, nous veillons à immortaliser les récits sur ce phare. [Background photos of . . . Map (db m99182) HM
13 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic SiteLe Phare Fisgard, Lieu Historique National
Fisgard Lighthouse was built in 1860 as the first permanent light on the west coast of Canada. Although administered together with Fort Rodd Hill, it is a separate national historic site. There is no historic connection between the two . . . Map (db m75218) HM
14 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Fort Victoria
was erected by Hudson’s Bay Company 1843 Here Colony of Vancouver’s Island was inaugurated by Richard Blanshard 1850 Vancouver’s Island and British Columbia united 1866 Two years later Victoria became the capital of British ColumbiaMap (db m48547) HM
15 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Get Your Bearings / S'Orienter
Imagine the expanse of water between Fisgard Lighthouse and Albert Head (to your right) filled with ships at anchor. Named “Royal Roads” in colonial times, this was a safe anchorage, a place to wait for daylight, calm seas . . . Map (db m99180) HM
16 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Gun Emplacement / Emplacement du canon
One 6-inch gun on a disappearing carriage was mounted in this emplacement. The wall and sunken emplacement helped to conceal and protect the gun and crew from enemy bombardment. The concrete apron and earth glacis extending away from the top of . . . Map (db m76336) HM
17 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Harbour Mouth Defences / Défense de l'entrée du port
During the Second World War, steel mesh anti-torpedo and anti-submarine nets and a log-boom, were erected between this shore and the island occupied by Fisgard Lighthouse, and across to Duntze Head on the opposite side of the harbour. The . . . Map (db m98995) HM
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18 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Heavy Metal and Drugs-in 1912? / La machinerie lourde en 1912...
Q: How do you move a 28-ton gun barrel up a hill? A: With great difficulty, and a "gun drug." The heavyweight of Canadian artillery was the 9.2-inch gun. The barrel was 27 feet (11.2 metres) long and weighed 28 tons (this mock-up barrel is a . . . Map (db m99419) HM
19 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Kwakiutl Bear Pole
Project of Native Indians' Participation Centennial Sub-Committee to commemorate the Union in 1866 of the colonies on Vancouver Island and the mainland as British Columbia Kwakiutl Bear Pole carved by Mr. Henry Hunt of . . . Map (db m74399) HM
20 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Lower Battery / Batterie inférieure
Operating Lower Battery during an alert required discipline, precise timing and constant attention to safety. Take Post Command Procedure #1. Enemy Vessel Sighted #2. Battery Take Post Command Issued #3. Gun Fire Opened #4. . . . Map (db m99233) HM
21 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Naval Defence: Yesterday and TodayLa Défense navale d'hier et d'aujourd'hui
The first Royal Navy warship dropped anchor in Esquimalt Harbour in 1848. Since then, the harbour has witnessed a fascinating evolution of naval power. Though global politics and weapons systems may change, Esquimalt remains a major strategic . . . Map (db m99461) HM
22 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Oak Bay GroceryCelebrating Our Heritage
Oak Bay Grocery - the oldest building in the Village Built in 1912, it is the current location of The Blethering PlaceMap (db m75298) HM
23 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Officer's Quarters / Logements des officiers
When the Second World War began in 1939, tents were used to accommodate the sudden influx of troops. They were quickly replaced by temporary wooden huts of this type. This building is the only example that has survived in place. It was an . . . Map (db m99359) HM
24 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Repository / Manoeuvre du "repository"
Moving artillery pieces from their mountings and moving the mountings themselves, was an awkward and potentially dangerous job for the gun crews. It was accomplished in a routine known as repository drill. The device commonly used for gun . . . Map (db m99207) HM
25 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Royal Canadian Navy
To commemorate the contribution made by ships and men to the naval service of Canada for seventy year since it was founded on 4th May, 1910. Since November, 1910 when H.M.C.S. Rainbow arrived in Esquimalt, ships and men of the R.C.N. have been . . . Map (db m48716) HM
26 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Sahsima
Sahsima, meaning "harpoon", was the original name identified by Songhees elder James Fraser for the point where the Chinese Cemetery is located. Hayls the Transformer, with spirit companions Raven and Mink, came by in his canoe, frightening away . . . Map (db m75313) HM
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27 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Searchlight Emplacement / Emplacement de projecteur
During the Second World War, a total of 17 modern searchlights replaced the four original defence electric lights. The 60-inch searchlight mounted in this emplacement was one of two installed at Fort Rodd Hill in 1940. Two similar . . . Map (db m98994) HM
28 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Second World War Temporary BuildingsBâtiments temporaires érigés durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale
Mobilized on August 26, 1939—two weeks before Canada declared war on Germany—troops sent to Fort Rodd Hill lived in tents until wooden barracks could be built. Out of more than twenty of these buildings at Fort Rodd Hill, only one . . . Map (db m99236) HM
29 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Spewhung
Turkey Head was known by the indigenous people as Spewhung. A large shell-midden along this shoreline indicates that this was an ancient village site to which first peoples brought many fish, bird, mammal and plant resources. Food was . . . Map (db m75329) HM
30 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Team Work / Travail d'equipe
The ten-man gun crew and ammunition detachment worked closely together to ensure safe and precise loading and firing of the 6-inch guns. They followed a sequence when in action: 1) Gun crew and ammunition detachment alerted and take post at . . . Map (db m99058) HM
31 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — The Birthplace of Victoria
We would like to take a moment to share with you the history that you are standing over, around and next to. This harbour was originally the sole domain of the Lekwungen First Nation who plied its protected waters and fished in their dugout . . . Map (db m48749) HM
32 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — The First Flight
From this field on Sept. 8, 1910, a pioneering aircraft made its first flight. The Gibson Twin plane, entirely designed, built and flown by William W. Gibson, a Victoria resident, became the first all-Canadian aircraft. This site, then known as . . . Map (db m187893) HM
33 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — The Guardhouse / Corps de garde
This structure was designed to accommodate the guard when the battery was fully manned. Consisting of three or four soldiers commanded by a non-commissioned officer, the guard provided sentries to control the gate and patrol the battery . . . Map (db m75775) HM
34 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — The Lightkeeper's Boat / L'embarcation du gardien de phare
A rowboat was the only link between lighthouse and land, and sometimes the only thing standing between life and death. Seule une chaloupe reliait le phare à la terre ferme, et c'était parfois l'unique moyen de rester en vie. . . . Map (db m99060) HM
35 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — The Parade of Ships
These plaques commemorate famous vessels in the history of Victoria and pay tribute to pioneers they brought to this new land, the men and women who fought the good fight and built Victoria and British Columbia. This key plaque presented by . . . Map (db m48891) HM
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36 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — The Victoria and Esquimalt Coast DefencesDéfense côtère de Victoria et d'Esquimalt
This viewpoint illustrates the commanding position required for a coast defence gun battery. The trees in front were topped when the emplacement was in use. A total of 27 locations were occupied by the coast defences between 1878 and 1956. . . . Map (db m99460) HM
37 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Tlikwaynung
This small islet and the adjacent shore were once an indigenous encampment connected with the village at McNeill Bay, Chikawich, to the west. The people living here ate over 20 species of fish and 15 species of birds, as well as deer, sea . . . Map (db m75340) HM
38 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Tsukuba1880-1980
13 gun – 1034 ton Naval Cadet Training 3 masted screw corvette Commanded by Capt. Norimichi Aiura Imperial Japanese Navy First Japanese naval vessel to visit Canadian water 10 June 1880 Erected on the occasion of the visit of the Japan . . . Map (db m48715) HM
39 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Underground Magazine / Magasin souterrain
Excavated from solid rock, this underground magazine provided a secure and dry storage area for ammunition. The shells were wheeled to the guns. The cartridges were carried up the passageways and passed through the issue hatches. Strict . . . Map (db m99057) HM
40 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Upper Battery / Batterie supérieure
A coast artillery battery consists of one or more gun emplacements and supporting structures and equipment. Its role was defensive; to prevent attack by enemy warships through the use of artillery. The layout of Upper Battery is typical of . . . Map (db m75248) HM
41 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Upper, Lower, Belmont BatteriesBatteries supérieure, inférieure et Belmont
These batteries were constructed at Fort Rodd Hill between 1895 and 1900, as part of the defences of Esquimalt Harbour. Upper and Lower Batteries, with their three large 6 inch guns, were designed to counter bombard enemy warships. Belmont . . . Map (db m75216) HM
42 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Warrant Officers Married Quarters / Logement de l'adjudant
This building was constructed in 1897. It was built of brick to British Royal Engineer specifications and during its life it was subjected to several modifications. Originally it was to accommodate a Master Gunner and his family, but a . . . Map (db m99253) HM
43 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria — Wisdom on the Water / Prudence en Mer
How did people navigate this coastline before lighthouses and GPS? Comment les gens naviguaient-ils le long de la côte avant les phares et le GPS? ————————————— . . . Map (db m99204) HM
44 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Navy
Prior to 1910. the Royal Navy provided maritime defence of British North America and for the Dominion of Canada from 1867. With World War I brewing in Europe early in the 20th century, Great Britain redistributed the British fleet and reduced its . . . Map (db m49075) HM
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45 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — 713 JohnsonDesigned in 1908 by Victorian architects Thomas Hooper and Charles Elwood Watkins
This building is a good example of Edwardian commercial architecture. It was built for William James Marble as a carriage factory, replacing the original wooden structure from 1885. Early painted signage is still visible on the east façade. In 1938, . . . Map (db m48748) HM
46 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Amor De Cosmos, 1825-1897
[English] Amor De Cosmos (Lover of the Universe) was the name adopted by William Smith of Windor, Nova Scotia, while in the California goldfields. In 1858 he arrived in Victoria and founded the opposition journal, the Colonist. For over two decades . . . Map (db m49079) HM
47 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Arbutus Tree (Arbutus menziesii)
The only native broadleaf evergreen tree in Canada, the Arbutus is found from the southern coastline of BC to California. In BC the Arbutus grows in a narrow band along the south coast line, generally within 5 kilometers (3 miles), of the ocean. . . . Map (db m74403) HM
48 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Boomerang Court and Chancery Lane
You are standing in Bastion Square, a public space dating back to the Victorian Era. There are many alleys and walkways to explore, connecting Bastion Square to nearby streets to see the heart of Victoria’s Old Town Historical Site. Chancery Lane . . . Map (db m49226) HM
49 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Cast Iron Panels
The cast iron panels on this fence are from the Driard Hotel, built in 1892 and designed by architect John Teaque. It was Victoria’s most prestigious hotel prior to the construction of the Empress Hotel. A reconstructed portion of the original hotel . . . Map (db m48477) HM
50 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Chinese General Store
For many years the building on the near left side of this photograph (where you are standing) was a Chinese general store. It was taken down in the early 1960s to enlarge the intersection. You can see a streetcar on Johnson Street crossing . . . Map (db m49154) HM
51 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Congregation Emanu-El
The Congregation Emanu-El Synagogue was built in 1863, just five years after the arrival if the first members of Victoria's Jewish community during the Fraser River gold rush period. Its opening was widely celebrated in Victoria for, despite their . . . Map (db m72875) HM
52 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Customs House
[English] The 1957 portion of the building was renovated to provide retail space and a heritage facade compatible with the original 1914 section. This project was completed by Public Works Canada as a contribution to the historical preservation . . . Map (db m48544) HM
53 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Dragon Alley
During this district’s boom of 1881 – 1884, sixteen thousand Chinese established themselves within this area of Victoria. Thus emerged six blocks of businesses, theatres, a hospital, schools, churches, temples, opium factories, gambling dens . . . Map (db m49155) HM
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54 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Empress HotelL’Hotel Empress
[English] This hotel was built between 1904 and 1908, and has since been enlarged twice. The architect, Francis M. Rattenbury, followed the practice of the Canadian Pacific Railway in employing the Chateau style, identifiable by the steep slate . . . Map (db m49238) HM
55 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Fifth Regiment of Garrison Artillery
The Fifth Regiment of Garrison Artillery marches down Government Street in December 1915 on their way to the Inner Harbour, where they boarded a steamer to Vancouver. They would join other Canadian troops fighting in Europe in World War I. The tall . . . Map (db m49153) HM
56 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — First British Columbia School
On this site Rev. R.J. Staines and wife opened the first British Columbia School in 1849. In the same building of Fort Victoria the first Legislative Assembly met August 12th 1856. [Plaque below] This plaque unveiled by Honorable Nancy Hodges, . . . Map (db m48521) HM
57 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Former Victoria Law CourtsL’Ancien Palais de Justice de Victoria
[English] Opened in 1889, the Victoria Law Courts was the first major public building constructed by the provincial government after union with Canada. Previously, court sessions had been held in one of the colonial administration buildings located . . . Map (db m49098) HM
58 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Fort Victoria
The mooring rings on the rocks below are the only surviving fragment of Fort Victoria built by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843. From 1846, when the Oregon boundary was drawn at the 49th parallel, this post served as grand depot and headquarters of . . . Map (db m9195) HM
59 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Fort VictoriaFounded 1843
The pavement design near this marks the location of the bastion that stood at the northeast corner of Fort Victoria. From here the stockade ran southward past the gateway at Fort Street, and westward toward the harbour. Each brick within the bastion . . . Map (db m48509) HM
60 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Fort Victoria
The pavement design near this plaque marks the location of the east gate of Fort Victoria, built in 1843. From here the wooden stockade stretched northward to the bastion and southward toward what is now Broughton Street. The plaques in the pavement . . . Map (db m48520) HM
61 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Fort Victoria
Founded by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843, Fort Victoria became, after 1846, the head-quarters of the Company’s trade in British territory west of the Rocky Mountains. When the Colony of Vancouver Island was formed in 1849 Victoria was the . . . Map (db m48542) HM
62 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Japanese Internment
On April 22, 1942, 273 men, women and children of Japanese ancestry were exiled from their homes in the Greater Victoria area. None of the survivors of this event ever returned to Victoria to re-establish a home. On August 4, 1992, 67 . . . Map (db m49127) HM
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63 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Lee Mong Kow
[Chinese, not transcribed] [English] Lee Mong Kow (1863-1924) was born in Panyu County, Guangdong Province, China. As an interpreter in the Canadian Customs House and Immigration Office he helped facilitate communication between Chinese . . . Map (db m49157) HM
64 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Leiser BuildingBuilt 1896
Simon Leiser & Co., Wholesale Grocers, was the largest business of it kind in British Columbia when this warehouse was built. The building featured a central electric elevator with tracks radiating from the elevator on each floor for ease of . . . Map (db m49101) HM
65 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Market Square’s Main Gate Fountain
This historic fountain was originally erected near the turn of the century at the “edge of town” known as the Five Corners: Government, Douglas, Gorge and Hillside Streets. The three-level fountain provided water for parched travellers . . . Map (db m48478) HM
66 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — McPherson PlayhouseDedicated 26th, February 1965
Named in Honour of Thomas Shanks McPherson Born Airdrie, Scotland, prominent business man, philanthropist and citizen of Victoria for fifty-three years, who died at the age of 89 years on 3rd, December 1962, and under whose will a bequest . . . Map (db m49129) HM
67 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Mizzen Mast – H.M.S. Algerine
Presented to the City of Victoria by the Maritime Museum of British Columbia 28th July, 1966 H.M.S. Algerine was the last ship of the Royal Navy to be based in Esquimalt, 1908-1914. Transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy, she served as Depot . . . Map (db m49081) HM
68 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Old Victoria Custom HouseAncien Édifice de la Douane de Victoria
(English) Completed in 1875 in the Second Empire style, Victoria’s original Custom House is a distinguished example of the buildings erected by the new Federal Government after Confederation. It regulated the trade of the West Coast’s busiest port . . . Map (db m49077) HM
69 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Percy Leonard James1878 – 1970
[English] Percy Leonard James was born in London, England, where he trained and first practiced as an architect. In 1908, he settled in Victoria, British Columbia, where he obtained his first commission and practiced his profession until . . . Map (db m48480) HM
70 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — S.J. Pitts, ImporterBuilt 1882
This is one of the earlier brick warehouse in the area, replacing previous wooden construction. Sidney Pitts, like other businessmen on Yates Street, operated a wholesale grocery, provision and produce business. Stuccoed for may years, the . . . Map (db m49102) HM
71 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Salvation Army
At this site the Salvation Army began activities in Victoria, June 26, 1887Map (db m48479) HM
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72 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Shop/WarehouseBuilt 1883
This two-story brick building in the Italianate style was one of several shop/warehouses in Victoria’s warehouse district. Originally occupied by W.J. Jeffree, pioneer clothier, the building later housed F.R. Stewart & Co. Provisioners. The . . . Map (db m49124) HM
73 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie1819 – 1894
[English] Begbie practised [sic] law in England for fourteen years before his appointment in 1858 as the first judge of the mainland Colony of British Columbia. During the gold rush, he won the respect of lawless miners of the Fraser River and . . . Map (db m49082) HM
74 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — St. Andrew's Roman Catholic CathedralLa Cathédrale Catholique St. Andrew
Soaring skywards with its bold array of coloured brick, stone and slate, St. Andrew's Roman Catholic Cathedral displays the confident spirituality that characterizes the best religious architecture of the High Victorian Gothic style. Designed in . . . Map (db m70881) HM
75 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The “Veteran Sailor”
Founded in 1910, Canada’s Naval Service wore the same uniform as the Royal Navy. The traditional “sailor suit” included bell bottom trousers, jumper, flannel ‘gun shirt”, and square collar. The uniform was completed with a lanyard, . . . Map (db m49076) HM
76 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The 75th Anniversary of the Canadian Navy
This tree and anchor dedicated to the City of Victoria celebration of the 75th Anniversary of the Canadian Navy by HMCS Malahat 21 April 1985. Rededicated on 3 May 1998 in celebration of the Naval Reserves’s 75th Anniversary This historic . . . Map (db m49078) HM
77 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Bank BuildingFirst Opened for Business on April 19, 1886 — Project Architect: Mr. W.H. Williams —
When the building opened, it was the second largest in Victoria with a total area 5,230 square feet. The original drawings came from London, England. Using brick on a stone foundation, Mr. Williams combined cast iron columns, lintels, and sills . . . Map (db m48522) HM
78 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Bastion
This tablet marks the site of the bastion which stood at the north east corner of Fort Victoria. The fort was erected by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843. Erected by Miller, Court & Co. Ltd. For the British Columbia Historical Assn. A.D. 1928Map (db m48511) HM
79 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Bastion CannonsBastion Square — Come see the history you never knew we had... —
You are standing at the entrance to Bastion Square Bastion Square is a legacy of Fort Victoria whose two log towers or “Bastions” were located near here. The Hudson’s Bay Company, which remains as a store across the street, built the . . . Map (db m48519) HM
80 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Bell Tower
You are standing in Bastion Square. The Hudson’s Bay Company, whose legacy continues at the store on Government Street, established Fort Victoria here in 1843. Acting on behalf of the British Columbia Government, the company sold the surrounding . . . Map (db m49227) HM
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81 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Church of Our Lord
This picturesque building is one of the finest expressions in wood of the Gothic Revival style in Canada. It was constructed in 1875 for the Reformed Episcopal church in Victoria by the Reverend Edward Cridge. Architect John Teague enhanced the . . . Map (db m72884) HM
82 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Majestic TheatreBuilt c1860 — Alterations: 1885; 1909; 1917 —
This building first housed Moore’s Music Hall (Victoria’s earliest existing theatre) upstairs, above Nathanial Moore’s dry goods store. In 1885, a new facade was constructed to match the new building next door, with identical cast iron . . . Map (db m49125) HM
83 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Oriental HotelBuilt 1883;1888
William McKeon operated the Oriental Saloon on this site, at the corner of Oriental Alley, prior to 1883. That year, he commissioned architect John Teague to build the Oriental Hotel on the lot next door. Teague doubled the size of the hotel in . . . Map (db m49103) HM
84 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — The Signing Post
You are standing in Bastion Square. The Hudson’s Bay Company, whose legacy continues at the store on Government Street, established Fort Victoria here in 1843.Map (db m49080) HM
85 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Thomas Earle WarehouseBuilt 1900
Thomas Earle was a local wholesale grocer and provision merchant whose business dated back to 1869. This building, constructed for $10,000 and designed by architect Thomas Hopper, features a large brick arch and two finials flanking a central . . . Map (db m49099) HM
86 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Tiger Company Fire Hall1880 - 1899
The Tiger Company was one of three volunteer fire companies dedicated to protecting Victoria's growing business district during the late 1800s. By the 1870s, there was a need to replace the Tiger's original fire hall on Johnson Street but it was not . . . Map (db m72885) HM
87 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Vancouver Island Wallmap Mural
[Three 'markers' a part of this mural. They are entitled: Pemberton Family, Vancouver Island, and Fort Victoria.] Pemberton Family J.D. Pemberton, engineer and surveyor for the H.B.C., arrived in 1851 by canoe in the last stages of his . . . Map (db m48543) HM
88 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Victoria City HallHôtel de Ville de Victoria
Victoria’s first city hall was designed in 1875. The building was begun three years later and completed in 1890. The designer was John Teague, an Englishman long resident in Victoria, who was responsible for planning many of the city’s . . . Map (db m49126) HM
89 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Victoria Fire Department Headquarters1899 -1959
You are near the site of the Victoria Fire Department Headquarters, which served downtown Victoria from 1899 to 1959. History Victoria’s central business district grew dramatically during the 1880s and 1890s. More “modern’ buildings . . . Map (db m49128) HM
90 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Victoria, B.C.1889
Fort Victoria had its start in 1843, centered on Fort Street and present-day Bastion Square. Most of Victoria’s Old Town however was constructed during the great building boom of 1886-1892. During that period the red-brick character of . . . Map (db m49225) HM
91 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Victoria’s ChinatownLe Quartier Chinois de Victoria — 域 多 利 唐 人 街 —
[English] This district, first settled in 1858, is the oldest and most intact Chinatown in Canada, representing an important chapter in the long history and heritage of Chinese Canadians. As the major immigrant port of entry on the west coast in . . . Map (db m52980) HM
92 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Waddington Alley
Built by B.C. pioneer Alfred Waddington, this alley was intended to maximize access to, and use of, three privately-owned lots during the Fraser River gold rush of 1858. Initially, “a number of cheap shops” were erected which, by 1863, . . . Map (db m49100) HM
93 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Wesleyan Methodist Church
Upon this site stood Pandora Ave. Wesleyan Methodist Church, the corner-stone of which (the first in British Columbia) was laid by His Excellency Governor Sir James Douglas, August 15th 1859. Erected by Metropolitan United Church, Feb. 11, 1934.Map (db m49152) HM
94 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Downtown — Windsor Hotel
The Windsor Hotel was originally called the Victoria Hotel when it opened in 1858, and boasted the city’s first brick building. It still stands across the street from here, with bricks now covered in stucco, at the corner of Government and Courtney. . . . Map (db m48717) HM
95 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Fairfield — British Columbia Indians World Wars Memorial
This tablet in memory of the British Columbia Indians who gave their lives in the World Wars 1914 • 1918 - 1939 • 1945Map (db m74139) WM
96 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Fairfield — George and Isabella Pottinger
Came with their five children from Papa Westray, Orkney Isl[ands]. aboard the sailing ship Knight Bruce via Cape Horn. Arrived at Victoria on 24 Dec 1864 after 180 days at sea.Map (db m74706) HM
97 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Fairfield — Isabella Mainville RossBorn Jan. 10, 1808 • Died in Victoria April 23, 1885 — Here Lies —
She came here in 1843 with her husband, Chief Trader Charles Ross, who was in charge of building Fort Victoria. After his death she bought the land upon which you are standing for a farm. By so doing she became the first woman to own land in . . . Map (db m74825) HM
98 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Fairfield — KakehashiIn Honour and Memory of Pioneers from Japan
This memorial commemorates the 150 Victorians of Japanese descent who are buried in this historic cemetery, beginning in 1887. During the 1940's, when no person of Japanese descent was allowed to remain within 100 miles of the West Coast, . . . Map (db m74695) HM
99 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Fairfield — Lorne LewisHere Lies
Born in New Bedford Massachussets [sic] in 1814 Died in Victoria in 1912 while a resident of the Old Men's Home He came to Victoria from California in 1858 and was appointed by Governor James Douglas as a police constable but racial . . . Map (db m74829) HM
100 British Columbia, Capital, Victoria, Fairfield — Minnie Victoria Robertson
[Born] December 7th, 1870, Victoria, Drowned Ellice Bridge Disaster May 26th, 1896Map (db m74701) HM

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May. 28, 2023