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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Walla Walla, Washington
Location of Walla Walla, Washington
► Walla Walla County (32) ► Benton County (3) ► Columbia County (18) ► Franklin County (8) ► Umatilla County, Oregon (68)
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|The Whitman's only child, Alice Clarissa, was born during the mission's first year. She was a delight to her parents and a curiosity to the Indians who were amazed at her size and vitality. They proudly called her "Cayuse girl" because she was born . . . — — Map (db m159357) HM|
| The longest battle in the history of Washington Territory was fought in this area, from December 7-10,1855. The primary fighting extended from the Larocque cabin a mile west of here, held by approximately 350 Oregon Mounted Volunteers, to the . . . — — Map (db m158900) HM|
|This was the Oregon Trail. Travelers who made it this far usually drove on to settling places farther west, after stopping for food, medicine, and a brief rest...
...But for seven children who arrived here in October 1844, it was a tearful . . . — — Map (db m159344) HM|
|Dedicated to Christopher Columbus
Italy’s illustrious son who gave to the world a continent. We shall be inclined to pronounce the voyage that led the way to this new world as the most epoch making event of all that have occurred since the . . . — — Map (db m129496) HM|
|Marcus Whitman's assistant, William Gray, completed this 1 1/2 story adobe house for his family in the mission's sixth year. Later it became a guest house and winter quarters for settlers arriving on the Oregon Trail.
Settlers Entering . . . — — Map (db m159427) HM|
|The crops and livestock Marcus Whitman raised here fed his mission family. Hungry travelers found food for winter, and their payments helped to offset mission expenses.
For the Indians, the farming methods Whitman taught were training for . . . — — Map (db m159348) HM|
|During the period of its existence Fort Walla Walla protected a vast area of the Northwest. Indian Wars which were fought by troops from this fort are Steptoe Expedition, Wright Expedition, Modoc War and Bannock War.
Regiments stationed here . . . — — Map (db m158915) HM|
|The Prince's cabin displays prominent characteristics of homes French-Canadian/Métis design in the 1830s.
These features include the cabin's size (16' x 24'), original hinges, door (Fig. 1), and interior paint color, as well as the design . . . — — Map (db m158833) HM|
|Fur traders began coming to this area after the 1804-06 Lewis & Clark Expedition. In 1818, the Canadian Northwest Company established Fort Nez Perce, the first trading post in this area, near the confluence of the Walla Walla and Columbia rivers . . . — — Map (db m158756) HM|
|The first flour mill at Waiilatpu was little more than an oversized metal coffee grinder powered by a small channel diverted from the river. A second mill used 24' millstones enclosed in a small building, but a fire destroyed it.
Whitman's . . . — — Map (db m159426) HM|
|In contrast with the industrial Frenchtowns of New England, western Frenchtowns were a by-product of the fur trade, established by former employees of the North West Company (NMC) and the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC). Upon . . . — — Map (db m158826) HM|
|Tribal peoples lived in this area for thousands of years before the coming of Lewis and Clark in 1805-06, This site was part of the Walla Walla and Cayuse peoples' traditional hunting, fishing, and gathering grounds. The Walla Walla Valley is part . . . — — Map (db m158752) HM|
|Marcus Whitman built this whitewashed adobe house in the mission's third year. Pine boards for floors and woodwork were whipsawed in the mountains. Like the other buildings, the roof was made of poles covered with grass and mud. With its painted . . . — — Map (db m159435) HM|
|The house that once stood here was the home of Marcus and Narcissa Whitman for nine years. It also served as a school, hospital, orphanage, and church. One tragic day changed everything. — — Map (db m159436) HM|
|(Q & A's presented top to bottom, left to right)
Why is it so small?
A large and heavy wagon could not have made it over the mountains.
Where did people sit?
If they were sick or tired they rode in the back, but . . . — — Map (db m159346) HM|
The first of three Saint Rose missions in the area was established in 1847 at the confluence of the Yakama and Columbia rivers by Father Eugene Chirouse and was vacated the same year during the Cayuse War. In 1853, Saint Rose of the Cayouse . . . — — Map (db m158770) HM|
St. Rose Mission
also known as
1850 - 1900
Land Donation Claim of Narcisse Reymond
Cemetery on hill north
Oregon Volunteers fought Indians Dec. 7, 8, 9, 1855
Chief Peu-Peu-Mox-Mox of Walla . . . — — Map (db m158694) HM|
|The first railroad in the northwest, the Walla Walla and Columbia River, was constructed along this route by Dr. Dorsey S. Baker beginning in 1871 at Wallula. In 1874, when the track reached this point, known as Whitman Station, Baker told local . . . — — Map (db m158902) HM|
|The longest Indian battle in the history of Washington Territory was fought here in 1855 from the 7th to the 10th of December. The Battle of Walla Walla at Frenchtown involved approximately 350 Oregon Mounted Volunteers and an estimated thousand . . . — — Map (db m158759) HM|
|Winter was approaching Old Oregon. Marcus Whitman, having selected this place for a mission, began work on a shelter. In December 1836 he brought his bride, Narcissa, to the crude house he had partially completed at this site. It was the beginning . . . — — Map (db m159352) HM|
|Time has dimmed the inscription on the coverstone of the Great Grave. Reproduced here is a copy of the inscription from the original registry.
Sacred to the memory of
Marcus Whitman • Narcissa Prentiss Whitman • Andrew Roger Jr. • . . . — — Map (db m158904) HM|
|The Cayuse name of the Prince is not recorded. "Prince" was often used in fur trade culture to refer to a headman or trading partner's younger brother or son. The Prince was a young brother of Hiyumtipin, headman at Pášxapa, the . . . — — Map (db m158828) HM|
|A short distance to the south, near the Walla Walla River, is Wai-i-lat-pu, "The Place of the People of the Rye Grass,” a mission founded among the Cayuse Indians of the Walla Walla Valley in 1836 by Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife, Narcissa. . . . — — Map (db m3766) HM|
|Based on architectural design and textual evidence, the cabin standing before you is believed to have been built in 1837 by Hudson's Bay traders for a Cayuse leader called "the Prince."
The Prince's cabin is thought to be the oldest . . . — — Map (db m158823) HM|
|27 feet high, erected 50 years after the massacre. Base of shaft 720 feet above sea level. — — Map (db m158909) HM|