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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Washington Township, Pennsylvania

 
Clickable Map of Franklin County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Franklin County, PA (209) Adams County, PA (1393) Cumberland County, PA (356) Fulton County, PA (46) Huntingdon County, PA (82) Juniata County, PA (15) Perry County, PA (52) Frederick County, MD (523) Washington County, MD (858)  FranklinCounty(209) Franklin County (209)  AdamsCounty(1393) Adams County (1393)  CumberlandCounty(356) Cumberland County (356)  FultonCounty(46) Fulton County (46)  HuntingdonCounty(82) Huntingdon County (82)  JuniataCounty(15) Juniata County (15)  PerryCounty(52) Perry County (52)  FrederickCountyMaryland(523) Frederick County (523)  WashingtonCounty(858) Washington County (858)
Chambersburg is the county seat for Franklin County
Washington Township is in Franklin County
      Franklin County (209)  
ADJACENT TO FRANKLIN COUNTY
      Adams County (1393)  
      Cumberland County (356)  
      Fulton County (46)  
      Huntingdon County (82)  
      Juniata County (15)  
      Perry County (52)  
      Frederick County, Maryland (523)  
      Washington County, Maryland (858)  
 
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1Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass
During a fierce thunderstorm on the evening of July 4, 1863, a nine-mile-long wagon train of supplies, livestock and wounded soldiers made its way from Fairfield through Monterey Pass. This was the advance of the Confederate retreat column from . . . Map (db m134763) HM
2Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 12-Pounder Napoleon
When it came to artillery in the Civil War, the 12-Pounder Napoleon was the the workhorse of both Union and Confederate armies. It was designed by the French Emperor Napoleon III, Prince Charles Louise Napoleon Bonaparte, nephew of Napoleon I. It . . . Map (db m192436) HM
3Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 3-Inch Ordnance Rifle
The 3-Inch Ordnance Rifle was one of the most common American Civil War artillery field pieces. It was used by both, the Union and the Confederate armies. It was designed by John Griffen, the superintendent of the Safe Harbor Iron . . . Map (db m192353) HM
4Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 9-11 TributeReflect & Remember
On Tuesday, September 11, 2001, a vibrant blue sky framed the familiar Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, the tallest buildings in New York City and centerpieces of the skyline. 40,000 people began their work day as they ordinarily would, but . . . Map (db m192350) HM WM
5Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 9-11 Tribute Future Message
America survives. Ten years hence, as the 9-11 Tribute is being constructed, America remembers 150 years since its own Civil War. In the days following the 9-11-2001 attack, many recalled the attack on Pearl Harbor. In times of adversity . . . Map (db m192345) WM
6Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — All Veterans Memorial Bridge
This memorial bridge is dedicated to all the men and women of the Waynesboro, PA vicinity who served honorably in the United States military. It is a tribute to the patriotism, dedication, loyalty and bravery of those who . . . Map (db m159803) WM
7Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 728 — Battle of Monterey Pass / Michigan Cavalry BrigadeMonterey Pass Battlefield Park
Battle of Monterey Pass. During a torrential rainstorm on the night of July 4-5, 1863, the Michigan Cavalry Brigade moved to intercept the retreating Army of Northern Virginia by attacking the miles-long wagon train of the Second Corps, and . . . Map (db m83958) HM
8Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Bee Hive Bake Oven
Originally built on a farm off Welty Road, Waynesboreo and donated by the Petre Family. Disassembled, relocated to Renfrew, and rebuilt in 2015. This bake oven is an interpretation of how the Royer Family would have baked in the early 1800's.Map (db m192339) HM
9Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Before The Battle Of GettysburgThe Skirmishes of Monterey Pass & Fountaindale
On June 22, 1863, a skirmish erupted at Monterey Pass, when Company D of the 14th Virginia cavalry attacked portions of Union Cavalry under the command of Captain Robert Bell, Captain Samuel Randall, and several members of the Gettysburg Home . . . Map (db m136260) HM
10Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Before The Battle Of GettysburgRefugees Flood The Road To Monterey Pass
On June 23, 1863, before Confederate Major General Jubal Early entered Waynesboro, it was reported the road leading to Monterey Pass was blocked by civilians fleeing with their personal belongings. Farmers fled with their horses, cattle, and farm . . . Map (db m167849) HM
11Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Blue Ridge Summit LionsWe Serve — Lions International —
Charter Members 1944 Robert F. Barrick • Ardon K. Barton • Harold F. Birely • Dr. Harvey C. Bridgers • William B. Cavanaugh • Michael C. DuPerron • Walter A. Dowd • Thomas O. Eyler • Roscoe C. Fitz • John S. Flohr • Ernest . . . Map (db m192360) HM
12Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Brown's Spring
During Lee's retreat General Judson Kilpatrick U.S.A. took 1500 prisoners and 9 mi. wagon train near hereMap (db m192437) HM
13Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Corporal Joseph Brubaker, Jr.
In loving memory of Corporal Joseph Brubaker, Jr. U.S. Marine Corps, who died in action Feb. 4, 1969. South of Da Nang, Quang Nam Province, Republic of South Vietnam, while participating as Crew Chief of a helicopter flying in support of . . . Map (db m192352) HM WM
14Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Dr. Henry Harbaugh
Pennsylvania-German author, theologian, and educator, 1817-1867, was born one and one-half miles distant. The house is marked by a monument.Map (db m83980) HM
15Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Dr. Henry HarbaughBirthplace and Early Home
Birthplace and early home of Dr. Henry Harbaugh, Pennsylvanian German author, theologian and educator, 1817-1867. One hundred yards southeast is site of the old school house at the creek.
"Today it is just twenty . . . Map (db m96158) HM
16Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Flight 93 Crash Site, Shanksville, PA
At 9:28 AM, after hijacked flights were flown into the World Trade Center, United Airlines Flight 93, traveling from Newark to San Francisco, was commandeered by 4 hijackers. The crew transmitted two May Day calls. Information from in-flight calls . . . Map (db m192347) HM WM
17Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Historic Waynesboro PennsylvaniaEst. 1797
Est. 1797 — National Register of Historic Places 2020Map (db m159802) HM
18Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Monterey Academy1890 - 1961
This monument is dedicated to all the teachers and students who attended this school. Built in 1890 and completed in 1892, was known as Monterey Academy, and was a two room one story building that housed grades one through eight. In the school year . . . Map (db m10768) HM
19Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Old Trolley Line
You are walking on old trolley line. Just in back Jim's pop corn stand. Ice cream, hot-cold sandwiches. Beside Jim's was trolley station; also Pen Mar post office. This was in early 1900's.Map (db m10009) HM
20Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Pentagon, Arlington VA
Just after 8:50 AM, shortly after the first plane struck the World Trade Center, American Airlines Flight 77, traveling from DC to LA, was hijacked and steered off-course. At 9:37 AM, the aircraft, flown by 5 hijackers, flew into the west side of . . . Map (db m192349) HM WM
21Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Responders
Within minutes of Flight 11 striking the World Trade Center--NYC's police, firefighters, EMTs, citizens, physicians and nurses, ham radio operators, volunteer ambulance personnel, and many other civilians responded to the devastation in the . . . Map (db m192348) HM WM
22Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — 230 — Royer-Nicodemus House and Farm
Royer-Nicodemus House and Farm has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976 by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m159855) HM
23Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — South MountainThe Story of Richard Bard
Before the French and Indian War in 1754, lands west of South Mountain was considered a wilderness. With the outbreak of war, several settlements in this area were raided by the Indians. In 1756, two Indian raids occurred, with one man taken . . . Map (db m192351) HM
24Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Summer Kitchen
Originally built circa 1814 by the Bittinger family at the current location of the Alexander Hamilton Library in Waynesboro. Disassembled and relocated to Renfrew in 2014. Rebuilt in 2015 with a grant from Franklin County Commissioners. This . . . Map (db m192338) HM
25Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Tannery Site
Operated by Daniel and David Royer 1798 - 1862Map (db m192341) HM
26Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey Pass
During the morning hours of July 4th 1863, General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army began its withdrawal from Gettysburg. General Lee ordered two key mountain passes at Monterey and Fairfield to be secured for the Confederate retreat. These two . . . Map (db m30981) HM
27Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey Pass
After Captain Emack placed his troops near the Monterey House, Custer's men consisting of a portion of the 1st and 5th Michigan Cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan was sent toward the right to protect Kilpatrick's right flank. A small . . . Map (db m31034) HM
28Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey Pass
As Confederate Captain George Emack's men held the approach of Monterey Pass, Union General George Custer, supported by artillery began his attack toward the intersection where the wagon train was retreating. Captain Emack, fearing that he could . . . Map (db m31047) HM
29Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Battle Begins
At this location, Confederate Captain Robert Tanner deployed one Napoleon cannon to guard the eastern Summit of South Mountain. At 9:00 p.m., the 5th Michigan Cavalry, leading the advance of union General Judson Kilpatrick’s Cavalry . . . Map (db m103452) HM
30Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassKilpatrick Divides His Cavalry
As a squadron of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry went into the woods, portions of the 1st and 5th Michigan cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan Cavalry was sent toward the right and a portion of the 1st Michigan Cavalry was ordered to . . . Map (db m103453) HM
31Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Wolverines Fight
Union General George A. Custer’s cavalry brigade advanced here, along the banks of Red Run, deploying along both sides of the road. The 5th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right, while the 7th, 6th and portions of the 1st Michigan Cavalry deployed . . . Map (db m134150) HM
32Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Initial Breakthrough
General Kilpatrick, quartered at the Monterey Inn, ordered artillery to support Custer’s troopers. Near the present-day golf course, Captain Alexander Pennington deployed two rifled cannon and began to shell the Confederate battle line with case . . . Map (db m135059) HM
33Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassA Wild and Desolate Scene
The 1st West Virginia Cavalry arrived and were ordered to charge the Confederate cannon on this side of the bridge. Seeing the West Virginians in their front, Confederate Captain William Tanner ordered the cannon to fire its last two shots before . . . Map (db m135060) HM
34Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassConfederate Reinforcements Arrive
The Confederate defenders of Captain George Emack’s company of the First Maryland Cavalry, supported by Captain Tanner’s artillery detachment, were deployed in this area. As the battle continued past midnight, reinforcements began to arrive. The 4th . . . Map (db m135061) HM
35Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Midnight Fight
As the Union cavalry approached the newly established Confederate skirmish line, Captain Emack began receiving reinforcements. At the same time, Confederate General Grumble Jones arrived on the scene to assume command of the battlefield. He . . . Map (db m135919) HM
36Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Wolverine's Fight
As Union General George A. Custer’s Cavalry brigade advanced here, the right wing of his brigade was situated in these woods. The 6th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right of the road, supported by the 5th Michigan Cavalry, while the 7th, and . . . Map (db m135920) HM
37Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassCuster Moves Forward
At the Monterey Pass, Union General Judson Kilpatrick divided his cavalry division, sending portions of the 1st Michigan to Fairfield Gap to attack the wagon train as it entered the Maria Furnace Road. He also ordered the 1st Vermont Cavalry to . . . Map (db m136002) HM
38Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey PassStop the Wagons
After the first Union attack was repelled by Captain Emack, he then worried about the wagon train entering the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike from Maria Furnace Road. He quickly ordered his men near present day Hawley Memorial Presbyterian . . . Map (db m136225) HM
39Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Monterey Pass
The Battle of Monterey Pass July 4th & 5th, 1863 During the morning hours of July 4, 1863, confederate Major General Robert E. Lee ordered the withdrawal of his Confederate army from Gettysburg. General William Jones volunteered . . . Map (db m192363) HM
40Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Battle of Mountain Pass
A Midnight Battle Along The Mason-Dixon Line On the evening of July 4, 1863, one of the most confusing battles of the American Civil War occurred, known as the Battle of Monterey Pass. Around 9:00 p.m., Union cavalry under the command of . . . Map (db m136053) HM
41Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Raid On Harpers FerryCaptain John Cook And His Capture
To spark a civil war, John Brown came to Ritner Boarding House in Chambersburg, PA, where he began to plan his famous raid on Harper’s Ferry, in 1859. At the time, Brown was calling himself Isaac Smith. By mid summer, he had rented the Kennedy . . . Map (db m136152) HM
42Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Retreat From GettysburgLongstreet's Corps
On July 5, Confederate General James Longstreet’s Corps marched from Fairfield, along the Jack’s Mountain Road to Fountaindale. From there, Longstreet’s Corps marched to Monterey Pass, along the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike. General John B. . . . Map (db m134762) HM
43Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Underground RailroadMonterey Pass Gave Protection to Those Seeking Freedom
The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes used by African American slaves during the early to mid 1800’s, to escape to the free states and Canada. One of the routes used by African-American slaves was South Mountain, where they . . . Map (db m136115) HM
44Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Twin Towers, New York City, NY
At 8:46 AM and 9:03 AM respectively, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 with a total of 147 crew and passengers flew into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers in New York. Military fighters scrambled too late to intercept the . . . Map (db m192344) HM WM
45Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — Welcome to the Monterey Pass Battlefield Park
A Midnight Battle Along The Mason Dixon Line On the evening of July 4, 1863, one of the most confusing battles of the American Civil War occurred, known as the Battle of Monterey Pass. Around 9:00 p.m., Union cavalry under the command of . . . Map (db m192354) HM
46Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — World War II Memorial
In honor of those of Zullinger community who served their country in World War II Dec. 7, 1941 - Sept. 2, 1945 Addlesberger, Leonard N • Addlesberger, Merle A • Addlesberger, William A • . . . Map (db m159800) WM
47Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — World War II Memorial
Rouzerville Dedicated to the men and women of this community who served in World War II 1941 - 1946 For God and Country In loving memory of our war dead Elwood B. Bumbaugh • Chester W. Daley • . . . Map (db m192343) WM
48Pennsylvania (Lehigh County), Washington Township — Friedens
The land that comprised Washington Township was separated from Heidelberg Township in 1847. The establishment of the Union Church led to the region’s settlement. John Peters, the area’s first landowner, was the namesake for the village known as . . . Map (db m85686) HM
 
 
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Jul. 1, 2022