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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Washington Township, Pennsylvania
Location of Washington Township, Pennsylvania
► Franklin County (182) ► Adams County (1337) ► Cumberland County (352) ► Fulton County (22) ► Huntingdon County (42) ► Juniata County (15) ► Perry County (45) ► Frederick County, Maryland (469) ► Washington County, Maryland (832)
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|During a fierce thunderstorm on the evening of July 4, 1863, a nine-mile-long wagon train of supplies, livestock and wounded soldiers made its way from Fairfield through Monterey Pass. This was the advance of the Confederate retreat column from . . . — — Map (db m134763) HM|
|A Midnight Battle Along The Mason-Dixon Line
On the evening of July 4, 1863, one of the most confusing battles of the American Civil War occurred, known as the Battle of Monterey Pass. Around 9:00 p.m., Union cavalry under the command of . . . — — Map (db m136053) HM|
This memorial bridge is dedicated to all the men and women of the Waynesboro, PA vicinity who served honorably in the United States military.
It is a tribute to the patriotism, dedication, loyalty and bravery of those who . . . — — Map (db m159803) WM|
Battle of Monterey Pass
During a torrential rainstorm on the night of July 4-5, 1863, the Michigan Cavalry Brigade moved to intercept the retreating Army of Northern Virginia by attacking the miles-long wagon train of . . . — — Map (db m83958) HM|
|On June 22, 1863, a skirmish erupted at Monterey Pass, when Company D of the 14th Virginia cavalry attacked portions of Union Cavalry under the command of Captain Robert Bell, Captain Samuel Randall, and several members of the Gettysburg Home Guard. . . . — — Map (db m136260) HM|
| On June 23, 1863, before Confederate Major General Jubal Early entered Waynesboro, it was reported the road leading to Monterey Pass was blocked by civilians fleeing with their personal belongings. Farmers fled with their horses, cattle, and farm . . . — — Map (db m167849) HM|
During Lee's retreat General Judson Kilpatrick U.S.A. took 1500 prisoners and 9 mi. wagon train near here — — Map (db m89956) HM|
|Pennsylvania-German author, theologian, and educator, 1817-1867, was born one and one-half miles distant. The house is marked by a monument. — — Map (db m83980) HM|
|Birthplace and early home of Dr. Henry Harbaugh, Pennsylvanian German author, theologian and educator,
One hundred yards southeast is site of the old school house at the creek.
"Today it is just twenty years
since I began to . . . — — Map (db m96158) HM|
|Est. 1797 — National Register of Historic Places 2020 — — Map (db m159802) HM|
|This monument is dedicated to all the teachers and students who attended this school. Built in 1890 and completed in 1892, was known as Monterey Academy, and was a two room one story building that housed grades one through eight. In the school year . . . — — Map (db m10768) HM|
You are walking on old trolley line. Just in back Jim's pop corn stand. Ice cream, hot-cold sandwiches.
Beside Jim's was trolley station; also Pen Mar post office. This was in early 1900's. — — Map (db m10009) HM|
|Royer-Nicodemus House and Farm has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976 by the United States Department of the Interior — — Map (db m159855) HM|
|During the morning hours of July 4th 1863, General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army began its withdrawal from Gettysburg. General Lee ordered two key mountain passes at Monterey and Fairfield to be secured for the Confederate retreat. These two . . . — — Map (db m30981) HM|
|After Captain Emack placed his troops near the Monterey House, Custer's men consisting of a portion of the 1st and 5th Michigan Cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan was sent toward the right to protect Kilpatrick's right flank. A small . . . — — Map (db m31034) HM|
As Confederate Captain George Emack's men held the approach of Monterey Pass, Union General George Custer, supported by artillery began his attack toward the intersection where the wagon train was retreating. Captain Emack, fearing that he could . . . — — Map (db m31047) HM|
|At this location, Confederate Captain Robert Tanner deployed one Napoleon cannon to guard the eastern Summit of South Mountain.
At 9:00 p.m., the 5th Michigan Cavalry, leading the advance of union General Judson Kilpatrick’s Cavalry Division, . . . — — Map (db m103452) HM|
|As a squadron of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry went into the woods, portions of the 1st and 5th Michigan cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan Cavalry was sent toward the right and a portion of the 1st Michigan Cavalry was ordered to . . . — — Map (db m103453) HM|
|Union General George A. Custer’s cavalry brigade advanced here, along the banks of Red Run, deploying along both sides of the road. The 5th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right, while the 7th, 6th and portions of the 1st Michigan Cavalry deployed . . . — — Map (db m134150) HM|
|General Kilpatrick, quartered at the Monterey Inn, ordered artillery to support Custer’s troopers. Near the present-day golf course, Captain Alexander Pennington deployed two rifled cannon and began to shell the Confederate battle line with case . . . — — Map (db m135059) HM|
|The 1st West Virginia Cavalry arrived and were ordered to charge the Confederate cannon on this side of the bridge. Seeing the West Virginians in their front, Confederate Captain William Tanner ordered the cannon to fire its last two shots before . . . — — Map (db m135060) HM|
|The Confederate defenders of Captain George Emack’s company of the First Maryland Cavalry, supported by Captain Tanner’s artillery detachment, were deployed in this area. As the battle continued past midnight, reinforcements began to arrive. The 4th . . . — — Map (db m135061) HM|
|As the Union cavalry approached the newly established Confederate skirmish line, Captain Emack began receiving reinforcements. At the same time, Confederate General Grumble Jones arrived on the scene to assume command of the battlefield. He quickly . . . — — Map (db m135919) HM|
|As Union General George A. Custer’s Cavalry brigade advanced here, the right wing of his brigade was situated in these woods. The 6th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right of the road, supported by the 5th Michigan Cavalry, while the 7th, and . . . — — Map (db m135920) HM|
|At the Monterey Pass, Union General Judson Kilpatrick divided his cavalry division, sending portions of the 1st Michigan to Fairfield Gap to attack the wagon train as it entered the Maria Furnace Road. He also ordered the 1st Vermont Cavalry to . . . — — Map (db m136002) HM|
|After the first Union attack was repelled by Captain Emack, he then worried about the wagon train entering the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike from Maria Furnace Road. He quickly ordered his men near present day Hawley Memorial Presbyterian . . . — — Map (db m136225) HM|
|To spark a civil war, John Brown came to Ritner Boarding House in Chambersburg, PA, where he began to plan his famous raid on Harper’s Ferry, in 1859. At the time, Brown was calling himself Isaac Smith. By mid summer, he had rented the Kennedy farm, . . . — — Map (db m136152) HM|
|On July 5, Confederate General James Longstreet’s Corps marched from Fairfield, along the Jack’s Mountain Road to Fountaindale. From there, Longstreet’s Corps marched to Monterey Pass, along the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike. General John B. . . . — — Map (db m134762) HM|
|The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes used by African American slaves during the early to mid 1800’s, to escape to the free states and Canada. One of the routes used by African-American slaves was South Mountain, where they crossed . . . — — Map (db m136115) HM|
In honor of those of Zullinger community who served their country in World War II
Dec. 7, 1941 - Sept. 2, 1945
Addlesberger, Leonard N •
Addlesberger, Merle A •
Addlesberger, William A • . . . — — Map (db m159800) WM|
|The land that comprised Washington Township was separated from Heidelberg Township in 1847. The establishment of the Union Church led to the region’s settlement. John Peters, the area’s first landowner, was the namesake for the village known as . . . — — Map (db m85686) HM|