“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Washington, Georgia

Clickable Map of Wilkes County, Georgia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Wilkes County, GA (91) Elbert County, GA (33) Lincoln County, GA (11) McDuffie County, GA (21) Oglethorpe County, GA (19) Taliaferro County, GA (22) Warren County, GA (16)  WilkesCounty(91) Wilkes County (91)  ElbertCounty(33) Elbert County (33)  LincolnCounty(11) Lincoln County (11)  McDuffieCounty(21) McDuffie County (21)  OglethorpeCounty(19) Oglethorpe County (19)  TaliaferroCounty(22) Taliaferro County (22)  WarrenCounty(16) Warren County (16)
Location of Washington, Georgia
    Wilkes County (91)
    Elbert County (33)
    Lincoln County (11)
    McDuffie County (21)
    Oglethorpe County (19)
    Taliaferro County (22)
    Warren County (16)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 1893 Victorian
Rough cut lumber, all rooms 16' squar. 14; ceilings. Heart pine floors, second floor fire 1931. — Map (db m94237) HM
2Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 1911 Wilkes County Jail
On December 5, 1911, the first person was hanged on the third floor gallows. The hanging occured before the jail was dedicated in January 1912. — Map (db m25593) HM
3Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-15 — Battle of Kettle Creek
The Battle of Kettle Creek, fought here on February 14, 1779, was one of the most important battles of the Revolutionary War in Georgia. At that time, the State was almost completely under British control. Col. Boyd with 600 British sympathizers . . . — Map (db m10684) HM
4Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Benson Block
1895 This area known as the Benson Block named for the wealthy Irishman James A. Benson a cotton broker. Was erected after the Great Fire of 1895 — Map (db m93836) HM
5Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Bishop James Osgood Andrew
James Osgood Andrew was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, on May 5, 1794, about 400 yards N.E. of this marker, the son of Rev. John Andrew and Mary Cosby Andrew. He was licensed to preach in the Ellam Methodist Episcopal Church, Broad River Circuit, . . . — Map (db m17257) HM
6Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Black Patriots Monument
Blacks, Native Americans, and Whites all fought for freedom for the American colonies. Their sacrifices will always be remembered. The National Experience Sources estimate that up to forty percent of the patriot militias may have been . . . — Map (db m94135) WM
7Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Bolton Factory
Bolton Factory on Upton’s Creek Eight miles east from Washington, GA. First cotton mill in the South — Map (db m28708) HM
8Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Busy Bee Cafe
1896 Busy Bee Cafe opened here in 1918 and operated for 50 years as a Greek restaurant. — Map (db m93782) HM
9Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-5 — Campbell Home
This was once the home of two distinguished Georgians -- father and son. Duncan G. Campbell was noted for drafting the treaty that removed the Cherokee Indians from Georgia and also for introducing in the Georgia Legislature the first bill . . . — Map (db m25618) HM
10Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Cleveland's Cornerc. 1840
Built by Aaron A. Cleveland for his mercantile establishment. Late 19th Century, owned by entrepreneur T.M. Green. — Map (db m93834) HM
11Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Columbus GranadeMay 5, 1831 – November 5, 1914
Son of Adam Granade and Rebecca Ansley Teacher, Farmer, Author, Cartographer, Surveyor, Legislator, Soldier, Poet Co F 12th Ga Batt Light Artillery Army of Northern Virginia 1862 – 1865 Wilkes County School Board Wilkes County . . . — Map (db m110567) HM
12Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Duncan G. Cambell's First Law Office
1807 Site of —————— Duncan G. Cambell's First Law Office —————— Drafted the treaty that removed the Cherokee Indians from Georgia and also . . . — Map (db m93977) HM
13Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Dyson House1820
. . . — Map (db m32710) HM
14Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — First Building
First building constructed after the Great Fire of 1895 which destroyed the entire west square business district. — Map (db m93768) HM
15Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-20 — First Methodist Church
Organized in 1819, this Church is an outgrowth of Grant’s Meeting House, the first Methodist Church building in Georgia, erected 5 miles E. in 1787. In 1820, the Methodists built the first church building in Washington. It was shared by other . . . — Map (db m25989) HM
16Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-18 — First Presbyterian Ordination in Georgia
In the shade of a giant poplar tree which stood 200 feet East of this spot, on the 22nd of July, 1790, the Rev. John Springer was ordained to the Presbyterian ministry and installed Pastor of Smyrna, Providence and Washington churches. This was the . . . — Map (db m25639) HM
17Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Fort Washington Park
Fort Washington Park is the site of a stockade built by the family of Stephen Heard, governor of Georgia – 1781. Cherokee and Creek Indians had ceded their land on June 1, 1773, and the settlers from Virginia arrived in December 1773. . . . — Map (db m32941) HM
18Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-3 — Gilbert-Alexander House
In the 1780’s Felix and William Gilbert, Virginians, camped in a beautiful grove here and were so pleased with the scenery that they returned later to take land grants. In 1808 they erected the brick portion of this house, one of the oldest brick . . . — Map (db m25132) HM
19Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-25 — Grant's Meeting House
On this site the first Methodist church building in Georgia was erected in 1787. Daniel Grant and his son, Thomas, prosperous merchants of this area, were its builders. Bishop Asbury often visited the Grants at their home nearby, on his . . . — Map (db m25412) HM
20Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Great Fire of 1837
The Great Fire of 1837 began in the Vickers House at this site. The fire destroyed much of the downtown area located on the south and east sides of the public square. — Map (db m93846) HM
21Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-2 — Historic Dugas Home
This home was built by Mr. and Mrs. Louis Dugas, French refugees from Santo Domingo, in the early 1790s. Here, until 1810, Mrs. Dugas conducted the Boarding School for Select Young Ladies which was attended by the daughters of many of Georgia’s . . . — Map (db m31779) HM
22Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-13 — Holly Court
This lot, originally sold by the Town Commissioners in 1804 to John Griffin, was later owned by Henry Anthony. This structure combines two separate houses. The back part probably dates from 1817; the front was moved by oxcart from 7 miles out in . . . — Map (db m25787) HM
23Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Holly Court
Two 1830s Houses Federal Plainstyle 1840s Dr Fielding Ficklen plantation house moved here by oxcart from Ficklen, joined to existing house, portico added. 1864 Mrs Jefferson Davis & children spent days here on flight . . . — Map (db m32957) HM
24Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-30 — Home of Robert Toombs
This was the home of Robert Toombs -- planter, lawyer, and distinguished Southern statesman. Born July 2, 1810, Robert Toombs was educated at Franklin College, Georgia, at Union College, New York, and at the University of Virginia. He was a member . . . — Map (db m25582) HM
25Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-32 — Home of Sarah Hillhouse
This Federal style house was begun in 1814, by Sarah Porter Hillhouse who came to Washington in 1786, from Connecticut with her husband David. In 1801, David purchased the town’s first newspaper The Monitor, and when he died in 1803, Sarah . . . — Map (db m25575) HM
26Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Jean Marie Chotard LaPlace Home Site
. . . — Map (db m94066) HM
27Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-12 — Jefferson Davis
On May 4, 1865, Jefferson Davis arrived in Washington where he performed what proved to be his last duties as President of the Confederate States of America. Shortly thereafter, with a small staff and escort, he departed enroute to the . . . — Map (db m25541) HM
28Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-10 — Jesse Mercer’s Home
This was the home of Jesse Mercer, pioneer Baptist preacher and largest contributor to the founding of Mercer Institute at Penfield, now Mercer University of Macon. Jesse Mercer, born in North Carolina Dec. 16, 1769, was the son of Rev. Silas . . . — Map (db m25861) HM
29Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — K.A. Wilheit House
A Greek Revival House built 1920 by Mayor of Washington K.A. Wilheit Cost $50,000 Purchased 1948 by Ira B. Brown — Map (db m94203) HM
30Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Kettle Creek Battlefield
Marker Front: The Patriots whose names appear on this marker are those who have been proved to have participated in the Battle of Kettle Creek on February 14, 1779. Many brave men fought on this hallowed ground, some were wounded and . . . — Map (db m46285) HM
31Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Last Cabinet Meeting
. . . — Map (db m93584) HM
32Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Last Cabinet Meeting of the C.S.A.
Site of the Bank of the State of Georgia, Washington Branch. Last cabinet meeting Confederates States of America May 4, 1865. In a final act, Jefferson Davis dissolved the C.S.A. government. — Map (db m73915) HM
33Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Lindsey Chevrolet Co.1930-1985
Built by John Thomas Lindsey 1919-1920 — Map (db m93639) HM
34Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Lowe Building
Site of W.T. Fluker Gun Smith (1867-1877) and Fluker & Brother Cotton Gin Manufactory (1875-1895). Also the location of W.T. Johnson's first store. A hardware store has been located here since 1884 — Map (db m44334) HM
35Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-1 — Mary Willis Library
This library was Georgia’s first free (without a subscription fee) public library. Founded in 1888 by Dr. Francis T. Willis in memory of his daughter, it opened in 1889. Willis also created an endowment for the library and donated his personal . . . — Map (db m23000) HM
36Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Medical OfficeFred D. Sessoms, M.D. — 1879-1963 —
. . . — Map (db m93980) HM
37Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Norris House
1814 One story structure built by John C. Leitner 1835 Archibald S. Wingfield Added second floor wealthy merchant & planter 1863 David G. Cotting Ga. Secretary of State during Reconstruction period 1949 Maj. General Lloyd D. Brown Federal style with . . . — Map (db m44243) HM
38Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-4 — Old Inn Site
This building stands on the site of one of the most popular inns of the early stagecoach days. Under it are the ancient handhewn timbers, hand made brick and massive beams of the inn basement. In the basement is the rock vault with heavy iron door . . . — Map (db m25502) HM
39Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Old Manse
c. 1828 Two Houses Joined 1833-1843 "Old Manse" Francis Goulding Presbyterian minister authoring children's books and invented an unpatented sewing machine. — Map (db m94234) HM
40Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Old Vault of the Citizens National Bank
The Old Vault of the Citizens National Bank on main floor founded 1907 during cotton boom Liquidated in 1926 because the Boll Weevil devastated cotton crops — Map (db m93849) HM
41Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Oldest Brick Store
Oldest brick store in Wilkes County 1815 built by Augustus H. Gibson — Map (db m94067) HM
42Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — One of Washington's Oldest Houses
Circa 1795 one of Washington's oldest houses built here by Benjamin Branham. Now located two blocks directly south. — Map (db m93970) HM
43Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Original Site of Almar Manufacturing Company
1946 Original site of Almar Manufacturing Company Located on the second floor of this building. The heavy machinery & materials caused the floor to collapse in 1949. Almar became one of the largest producers of . . . — Map (db m94112) HM
44Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-23 — Phillips Mills Baptist Church
On June 10th, 1785, 16 members met in a mill on this site owned by Joel Phillips, a Revolutionary soldier, and organized Phillips Mills Baptist Church. The Rev. Silas Mercer, leader of the group, became the first pastor of the church, and served in . . . — Map (db m25513) HM
45Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Post Office
1884 The New Washington Post Office Also served as Mrs. Bode's Confectionery — Map (db m93833) HM
46Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Queen Anne Style
1903 Queen Anne Style Built by Dr. Willie Hill. Center chimney serves five fireplaces. Heart of Pine floors, 12’ ceilings, 45 windows, 12” thick inside walls. W-WHF [ Second marker ] 1903 Cupola Twin . . . — Map (db m32959) HM
47Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Remodeled 1959
Remodeled 1959 after extensive fire which destroyed the roof and upper floor on December 24, 1958. Board of Commissioners, Roads & Revenues Wilkes County, Georgia R.A. McLendon, Chairman G.O. Holliday, C.R. Jackson W.A. Pope, . . . — Map (db m93598) HM
48Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Sims-Beggs House1892
William M. Sims, attorney and county commissioner, purchased this lot known as Robert Toombs Meadow from Kate Toombs Cooley for $200 and built this asymetrical Queen Anne style house. 1962 purchased by John and Helen Beggs. — Map (db m94211) HM
49Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Site of 1817 Wilkes County Courthouse
Two - story brick Federal - Style Frederick Ball, Architect Razed 1904 — Map (db m94145) HM
50Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Site of Abraham Simon's Store
. . . — Map (db m94114) HM
51Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Site of Presbyterian Poplar
200 feet east here was held the first ordination of a Presbyterian minister in Georgia, July 22, 1790, when John Springer was ordained and installed pastor of Smyrna, Providence and Washington churches by a Commission of the Presbytery of South . . . — Map (db m25640) HM
52Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Site of the Confederate Commissary & Quartermaster's Stores
. . . — Map (db m94147) HM
53Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Site of the Episcopal Church of the Mediator
1879 Site of Episcopal Church of the Mediator The sanctuary, with a triptych stained glass window, measured 26' x 72'. Choir & vestry rooms adjoined. 1st service 16-17 March 1879. 1895 the entire block burned to . . . — Map (db m94146) HM
54Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Site of W.T. Fluker Gun Smith
. . . — Map (db m93909) HM
55Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-27 — Site of Wilkes County Academy
This is the site of Wilkes County Academy, built in 1797. The Academy was authorized by the Legislature in 1783, one of the first public schools charted by the State of Georgia. Commissioners were: Stephen Heard, Micajah Williamson, Robert Harper, . . . — Map (db m25882) HM
56Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Slave Market
Site of Lewis Prudhomme's Slave Market 1795-1808 — Map (db m93764) HM
57Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-19 — Smyrna Church
Smyrna Church was organized about 1786, by the Rev. John Newton and the Rev. John Simpson, Presbyterian ministers under the jurisdiction of the South Carolina Presbytery. Services were at first held in the homes of the members. The first Smyrna . . . — Map (db m30309) HM
58Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-7 — Smyrna Churchyard
This burying ground was laid out in 1788 when Sir John Talbot gave two acres of his vast estate for use as a Presbyterian Church and churchyard. Sir John was descended from the Earl of Shrewsbury. His own son, Matthew Talbot, served as a Superior . . . — Map (db m32176) HM
59Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Smyrna Methodist Church
[Front] Organized in 1785 or 86 by two Presbyterian ministers, Rev. John Newton & Rev. John Simpson. First house of worship erected in 1793 on land given by Sir John Talbot. In 1820 Presbyterian membership transferred to Washington and . . . — Map (db m30339) HM
60Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Stage Coach Inn
Site of Stage Coach Inn 1850 — Map (db m93842) HM
61Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — T.C. Hogue Building
1895 T.C. Hogue Building The second constructed after the Great Fire of 1895 1st occupant T. Kramer Meat Market — Map (db m93769) HM
62Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Tarver-Maynard HouseErected 1820
Land granted to George Walton, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President of The Confederate States, boarded here in 1828 while a student at the Washington Academy. — Map (db m33118) HM
63Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — The Battle of Kettle Creek
(Side 1) On this hill the Fourteenth Day of February 1779 the Battle of Kettle Creek was fought (Side 2) This battle of the American Revolution in which the British were severely defeated checked their invasion of Georgia . . . — Map (db m25828) HM
64Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-6 — The Cedars<------<<<<
The high hill on which The Cedars stands was a home - site for the Indians before the arrival of white men. Not long after the Revolutionary War, Anthony Poulin, a Frenchman of noble birth who came to the aid of the Georgians against the British, . . . — Map (db m25147) HM
65Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — The Dissolution of the Confederate Government
On this site stood the old Georgia State Bank building in which Pres. Davis held the last official cabinet meeting of the Confederacy May 4, 1865. Present President Jefferson Davis • Post. M. Gen. John H. Reagan • Sec. of Navy Stephen R. . . . — Map (db m66815) HM
66Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — The Episcopal Church of the Mediator
Organized c. 1868 by The Reverend Joshua Knowles Present building erected 1896 — Map (db m32736) HM
67Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-29 — The Rev. John Springer
The Rev. John Springer, 1744-1798, distinguished minister and educator, is buried in the garden on this plantation, Walnut Hill. A graduate of Princeton, he taught there and at Hampden-Sydney, and was first Rector of Cambridge College in South . . . — Map (db m25589) HM
68Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — The White House
One of Washington's Oldest Taverns The White House Was Located Here Charles Bolton Purchased the Tavern in 1820 from Thomas W. Sims — Map (db m93969) HM
69Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Toombs-Anderson House1820
Early Classical Revival style built by Sarah Hillhouse Home of Gen. Robert Toombs' brother, Gabriel Toombs, from 1839-69 — Map (db m31750) HM
70Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-28 — Walnut Hill Academy
Walnut Hill Academy, one of the famous schools of its time, was established in 1788 by the Rev. John Springer, in a building erected close to his house on this plantation. Among the Students taught by Mr. Springer at the Academy were John Forsyth, . . . — Map (db m25588) HM
71Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-21 — Washington Presbyterian Church
The Presbyterian Church at Washington was organized in 1790, under the Presbytery of South Carolina, with the Rev. John Springer as first pastor. Services were held in private homes, in the Court House, the Academy, and in the Methodist Church, . . . — Map (db m25936) HM
72Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Washington, Wilkes County, Georgia
Washington Wilkes County, Georgia was laid out first under legislative act of January 23, 1780 and a second time under Legislative Provision July 31, 1780 — Map (db m93492) HM
73Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Washington-Wilkes Firsts
1775 First stone marker indicating George III land grant Fort Washington Park 1777 First county named in Georgia’s first constitution 1779 First African-American Revolutionary hero in the South. Austin Dabney – Battle of Kettle . . . — Map (db m28693) HM
74Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-31 — Washington-Wilkes Historical Museum
This museum shows the splendors of plantation life in Georgia before the War Between the States, displays relics, mementos and keepsakes of the era that tried men’s souls, and adds a fine collection of Indian relics for variety. Washington had . . . — Map (db m26511) HM
75Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Washington-Wilkes Vietnam Monument
. . . — Map (db m93486) WM
76Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 157-11 — Wilkes County
Wilkes County, an original County, was created by the Constitution of Feb. 5, 1777 from Creek and Cherokee Cessions of June 1, 1773. At first, it contained all of Oglethorpe, Elbert, Lincoln, and parts of Taliaferro, Hart, Warren, and Madison . . . — Map (db m25454) HM
77Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Wilkes County Confederate MemorialCSA — 1861-1865 —
Erected Anno Domini 1908 By the "Last Cabinet" Chapter United Daughters of The Confederacy, Ladies Memorial Association, and Sons of Veterans. — A tribute of abiding love for our Confederate Heroes. (Left . . . — Map (db m30352) HM
78Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Wilkes County Courthouses
1780-1785 West Side, Micajah Williamson’s tavern. 1785-1786 100’ South. Log. 1786-1804 150’ South. Clapboard. John Chisholm, Architect. 1804-1817 East. Commissioners purchased Ferdinand Phinizy’s two story residence. 1817-1904 125’ . . . — Map (db m33006) HM
79Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — William Dearing
William Dearing founder Georgia Railroad & Banking Co. had a three story merchantile business at this site 1818-1825 — Map (db m93839) HM
80Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Wisteria Hall1795
Faced N to Old Augusta Road 1800s Maria Randolph added Portico Facing S Guests Woodrow Wilson Logan Bleckley — Map (db m129205) HM
81Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Woodmen of the World Supreme Sacrifice MonumentPresented by Local Camp Woodmen of the World
. . . — Map (db m93490) WM
82Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 4-10-03 — Wynne-Randall1897
Plantation house built in a cotton field by Judge William Wynne, two-term state legislator, & his wife Susan Kelley Wynne. Still owned by descendants. — Map (db m31747) HM
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Mar. 1, 2021