“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
41 entries match your criteria.

Historical Markers in Watrous, New Mexico

Clickable Map of Mora County, New Mexico and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Mora County, NM (47) Colfax County, NM (22) Harding County, NM (2) Rio Arriba County, NM (35) San Miguel County, NM (35) Santa Fe County, NM (154) Taos County, NM (29)  MoraCounty(47) Mora County (47)  ColfaxCounty(22) Colfax County (22)  HardingCounty(2) Harding County (2)  RioArribaCounty(35) Rio Arriba County (35)  SanMiguelCounty(35) San Miguel County (35)  SantaFeCounty(154) Santa Fe County (154)  TaosCounty(29) Taos County (29)
Mora is the county seat for Mora County
Watrous is in Mora County
      Mora County (47)  
      Colfax County (22)  
      Harding County (2)  
      Rio Arriba County (35)  
      San Miguel County (35)  
      Santa Fe County (154)  
      Taos County (29)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — A New Community Sprouts Roots — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
The low line of trees to the south marks La Junta (the junction) of the Mora and Sapello Rivers. It is also known as La Junta because its location is where the Cimarron and Mountain Branches of the Santa Fe Trail join. Arriving with the U.S. . . . Map (db m156802) HM
2New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — A Show of Strength — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
In 1848, the U.S. Secretary of War ordered Lieutenant Colonel Edwin V. Sumner, as commander of the Ninth Military Department to "revise the whole system of defense (sic)" in the New Mexico Territory. The immediate goal was to move U.S. troops out of . . . Map (db m156808) HM
3New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Big Business for New Mexico — Fort Union National Monument —
For many of the years between 1851 and 1891, Fort Union was the greatest economic powerhouse in the New Mexico Territory. The single Army officer who controlled the huge complex that made up the Fort Union Depot — some 400 acres of . . . Map (db m148810) HM
4New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Buttons, Bowling, Billiards and Beer — Sutler's Store — Fort Union National Monument —
Just ahead you would have seen a military general store. This was one place at Fort Union where people were always coming and going, every day. Soldiers from the Post, the Depot, and the Arsenal — as well as civilian travelers, Army wives, and . . . Map (db m149002) HM
5New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Commissary Storehouse — Fort Union National Monument —
In this early 1860's view, the Commissary Storehouse is hidden behind the shed-like structure on the right. This huge building housed tons of canned and bottled goods, salted meats and fish, as well as onions and potatoes to feed the garrisons of . . . Map (db m149005) HM
6New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Crime and Punishment on an Army Post — Fort Union National Monument —
We cannot sit down and have such a set of [horse] thieves run off with our stock with impunity. The Civil authorities seem to be powerless to cope with them. —James H. Carleton, lieutenant colonel commanding Fort Union, March 1867 For . . . Map (db m149180) HM
7New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Depot Officers' Quarters — Fort Union National Monument —
Depot Officers’ Quarters under construction in the early 1860’s. The gable-roofed building behind the unfinished Officers’ Quarters is the Sutler’s Store. Photo of the completed Quarters was taken in the 1870’s.Map (db m149181) HM
8New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Distant For Good Reasons — The Arsenal — Fort Union National Monument —
In the distance you can still see the adobe remnants of the Fort Union Arsenal. This ordnance depot stored and issued the weapons and ammunition needed for all Army operations throughout the Southwest for 30 years. Longstanding Army practice was to . . . Map (db m149001) HM
9New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Enough to Feed an Army — Quartermaster Depot Storehouses — Fort Union National Monument —
Imagine 2,000 to 3,000 freight wagons a year being off-loaded into these enormous buildings. In these five warehouses, the United States Army stored, inventoried, organized, and redistributed thousands of tons of food and equipment to support the . . . Map (db m149004) HM
10New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union and the Santa Fe Trail — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
The deep ruts etched into the earth in front of you are a record of Fort Union's role as the guardian of the Santa Fe Trail. Formed from a network of routes used for hundreds of years by American Indians, Spaniards, Mexicans, New Mexicans, and . . . Map (db m148988) HM
11New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union Arsenal / Fort Union National Monument
Fort Union Arsenal (marker south side)West of Fort Union near the base of the mesa are the ruins of Fort Union Arsenal. The first Fort Union was built at this location in 1851. In 1867 this wooden fort was razed and the adobe Arsenal . . . Map (db m156765) HM
12New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union National Monument / Santa Fe Trail — 1851-1891
Side A: Fort Union National Monument 1851-1891 Once the largest post in the Southwest, Fort Union was established to control the Jicarilla Apaches and Utes, to protect the Santa Fe Trail, and to serve as a supply depot for . . . Map (db m45829) HM
13New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Fort Union: 1866 — Fort Union National Monument —
You are looking at the largest United States military base to be found for 500 miles in any direction during the late 1800s. There was nothing bigger from Kansas to California. For 25 years, this frontier-era Army post was a federal government-run . . . Map (db m148970) HM
14New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — From Indigenous Trail to International Highway — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
On the indigenous pathway that became the Santa Fe Trail, Native Americans long traveled and traded. After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, the Santa Fe trail developed as an international commercial highway connecting Mexico with the . . . Map (db m156800) HM
15New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Hard Work, Strict Discipline, and $13 a Month — Enlisted Men's Barracks — Fort Union National Monument —
“Here you get one night in bed… tonight you are on Guard, tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock you get relieved… one hour after coming off Guard You have to Saddle up and go on Herd. Come in with the Herd at 4 p.m., spend one hour grooming your . . . Map (db m149183) HM
16New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Home for the Commandants — Fort Union National Monument —
For 24 years the officer in command of the cavalry and infantry troops at Fort Union lived here. The post commandant issued the orders that determined the daily duties and routines for hundreds of enlisted men, non-commissioned officers, officers, . . . Map (db m149000) HM
17New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Intersection of History — The Santa Fe Trail and Fort Union — Fort Union National Monument —
On the hillside in front of you, the wagon ruts of the Santa Fe Trail bear silent witness to the passage of time and nations moving east and west. When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, legal trade began between the United States and . . . Map (db m156801) HM
18New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Keep the Wagons Rolling — The Mechanics' Corral — Fort Union National Monument —
This square, open yard was once full of men hard at work. The Santa Fe Trail and the rough, unpaved roads of New Mexico Territory in the 1800s were tough on freight wagons — and the livestock that hauled them. Inside this Mechanics' Corral . . . Map (db m149007) HM
19New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — La Junta — Santa Fe Trail National Scenic Byway
For westbound travelers, camping here in this green river valley meant that their journey on the Santa Fe Trail was almost over. For travelers headed east it represented a decision, for the trail split here into two very different adventures. The . . . Map (db m148818) HM
20New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Lasting View — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
The landscape before you has changed little over time. It remains remote and quiet, with little visible evidence of human influence. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains in front of you formed as ancient sedimentary rocks were faulted upward. Lying in . . . Map (db m156799) HM
21New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Life Along Suds Row — Fort Union National Monument —
There were few chances for family life for any enlisted man in the United States Army on the frontier. Regulations did not allow new recruits to have a wife or child. No soldier could marry without the permission of his commanding officer. That . . . Map (db m148994) HM
22New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Officers' Row — Fort Union National Monument —
Protective brick coping atop the adobe walls has not yet been added to most of the Officers’ Quarters shown in the top photo, dated 1866. The buildings, pictured ten years later, are complete with porches and fencing.Map (db m148999) HM
23New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Privy — Fort Union National Monument —
Throughout the 19th century, military sanitation was far ahead of most civilian practice in the West. The “sinks,” “privies,” “necessaries,” and latrines of the military kept contagious disease at a minimum and . . . Map (db m149184) HM
24New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Quartermaster Clerks' Office — Fort Union National Monument —
This building was an office for Depot Clerks and civilian workers.Map (db m149185) HM
25New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Rank Has its Privileges — Officers' Quarters — Fort Union National Monument —
Army officers assigned to the garrison here at Fort Union lived with their families in the row of nine houses you see along this side of the parade ground. Each building held two apartments and shared a common kitchen and dining room at the rear. . . . Map (db m148998) HM
26New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Ready to Repel the Confederates — Civil War in New Mexico — Fort Union National Monument —
Soon after a Confederate army from Fort Bliss, Texas invaded southern New Mexico in July 1861, over 200 men found themselves here, working 4-hour shifts, day and night. With picks and shovels they raised a new Fort Union surrounded by earthworks. . . . Map (db m148996) HM
27New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Santa Fe Trail
Opened by William Becknell in 1821, the Santa Fe Trail became the major trade route to Santa Fe from Missouri River towns. The two main branches, the Cimarron Cutoff and the Mountain Branch, joined at Watrous. Travel over the Trail ceased with the . . . Map (db m55199) HM
28New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Separate Worlds — Fort Union National Monument —
To us today, Fort Union looks like a single, very large Army base. Soldiers who served here from 1863-1891 saw things in a completely different way. For them, the Post of Fort Union and the Fort Union Quartermaster Depot were like two small towns . . . Map (db m149003) HM
29New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Best Hospital in 500 Miles — Fort Union National Monument —
Between Fort Riley, Kansas and California you would have found no bigger or better medical facility than the one that once stood here. In 1864 it cost $45,000 to build. This six-ward hospital had from 10 beds to 126 beds over its life. Here a . . . Map (db m148976) HM
30New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The End of the Road — Depot Transportation Corral — Fort Union National Monument —
Think of what you see here as the forerunner of today's busy truck stops on the interstates. Now, freight rides cross-country safe inside boxes of steel and aluminum, rolling on rubber tires. In the mid-1800s, cargo rode under canvas on iron-shod . . . Map (db m149006) HM
31New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The First Fort Union — Fort Union National Monument —
”More like a village… than a military post” was how one soldier described the First Fort Union — located across the valley where you now see adobe ruins of the later Fort Union Arsenal. Begun in the summer of 1851, First . . . Map (db m148995) HM
32New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The First Ten Years: 1851-1861 — Fort Union National Monument —
If you look straight ahead about a mile, you can see the site of the first Fort Union. There, at the foot of the mesa, soldiers quickly threw up buildings made from logs and uncured, rough-sawn lumber in the summer of 1851. Their mission was to . . . Map (db m149182) HM
33New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Road that Changed Lives Forever — Fort Union National Monument —
Today it's tough to look at the low wagon wheel ruts of the Santa Fe Trail — just ahead of you and grasp how many tens of thousands of lives this road turned upside down. Comanche, Kiowa, Jicarilla Apache, Mountain Ute, and other American . . . Map (db m149008) HM
34New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Six Mule Army Wagon — Fort Union National Monument —
The Six Mule Army Wagon contributed to the military's success in the Southwest. With its simple design and iconic red and blue paint scheme, the Six Mule Army Wagon, nicknamed the "Old Army Six Mule", performed the critical role of linking . . . Map (db m148980) HM
35New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — The Third Fort Union — Fort Union National Monument —
Unlike its predecessors, the Third Fort Union was carefully planned. Building materials included native stone, adobe bricks — fashioned from soil dug from a field north of the fort site — and bricks manufactured in the nearby town of Las . . . Map (db m148997) HM
36New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Tides of Change — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
Like surging tides upon the shore, a procession of human cultures has influenced this region. Each new wave of people left unique impressions on the landscape and each other. 1100-1900 Jicarilla Apache, Ute, Comanche, Pueblo, and other . . . Map (db m156804) HM
37New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Trail Sites to the North and East — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
The Santa Fe Trail was a 900-mile overland road that connected Franklin, Missouri, with Santa Fe, New Mexico. Near here, the trail split into the Mountain Route and the Cimarron Route and travelers had to decide which to take to continue east to . . . Map (db m156973) HM
38New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Trail Sites to the West — Santa Fe National Historic Trail — Fort Union National Monument —
Rested and resupplied at Fort Union, traders headed west into the last 130 miles of the long and arduous trip to Santa Fe. They reached the trading post at Watrous first and then the small town of Las Vegas, founded as a trail stop in 1835. One of . . . Map (db m156972) HM
39New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Transportation Corral — Fort Union National Monument —
Although taken at different times, these two photos show the Transportation Corral (1) and Herders Corral (2). Dozens of wagons and scores of mules were kept here in readiness to transport supplies and troops. Towering haystacks can be seen in the . . . Map (db m149186) HM
40New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Watrous
The Mountain Branch and the Cimarron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail meet at Watrous. This important spot on the Trail was first known at La Junta, "junction" in Spanish. In 1879, with the coming of the railroad, it was named for Samuel B. Watrous, a . . . Map (db m55198) HM
41New Mexico (Mora County), Watrous — Watrous - Western Junction of the Santa Fe Trail — National Historic Landmark
Watrous - Western Junction of the Santa Fe Trail has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and . . . Map (db m148788) HM
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Jul. 4, 2022