“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in West Columbia, Texas

Clickable Map of Brazoria County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Brazoria County, TX (114) Fort Bend County, TX (65) Galveston County, TX (303) Harris County, TX (398) Matagorda County, TX (77) Wharton County, TX (26)  BrazoriaCounty(114) Brazoria County (114)  FortBendCounty(65) Fort Bend County (65)  GalvestonCounty(303) Galveston County (303)  HarrisCounty(398) Harris County (398)  MatagordaCounty(77) Matagorda County (77)  WhartonCounty(26) Wharton County (26)
Location of West Columbia, Texas
    Brazoria County (114)
    Fort Bend County (65)
    Galveston County (303)
    Harris County (398)
    Matagorda County (77)
    Wharton County (26)
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Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Accomplishments of the First Congress
• Ratified the constitution • Appointed committees • Provided for protection from Indians • Provided for the army and navy • Created the judicial branch • Created the postal department • Created the land office • Established a . . . Map (db m164582) HM
2Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9547 — Columbia
In September 1836 Columbia, now known as West Columbia, became capital of the Republic of Texas. This took place with the removal of the ad interim government here from Velasco. After the election called by ad interim President David G. Burnet, the . . . Map (db m49703) HM
3Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 14749 — Columbia - The First Capital of The Republic of Texas
In 1836 and 1837, the town of Columbia (Now West Columbia) served as the capital of the Republic of Texas. Josiah Hughes Bell, a colonist with Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, surveyed and platted Columbia in 1824 to serve as a center for . . . Map (db m41707) HM
4Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Columbia in 1836
When ad interim President David G. Burnet selected Columbia to serve as the capital for the first elected Congress of the Republic of Texas, Columbia had a population of approximately 3,000. A group of businessmen promised accommodations for use . . . Map (db m164586) HM
5Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 13949 — Columbia Rosenwald School
A grant from the Rosenwald Foundation of Chicago led to the establishment of a local school for African American students. The foundation represented a collaboration between Julius Rosenwald, President of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, and the . . . Map (db m83276) HM
6Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9548 — Columbia United Methodist Church
This congregation traces its history to early Methodist missionary activity during Texas' years as a republic in 1839. The Rev. Isaac L. G. Strickland was assigned to the Brazoria Circuit and organized a Methodist Church in Columbia (now West . . . Map (db m46456) HM
7Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Columbia's Role in the Discontent
Under Mexican rule, the municipality of Columbia was a part of the Department of Brazos, State of Coahuila and Texas. In early 1830, the Mexican government imposed a series of new policies in an effort to strengthen Mexico's hold on the . . . Map (db m164566) HM
8Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — First Capitol of the Republic of Texas
Site of First Capitol of Republic of Texas 1836 - 1837Map (db m129404) HM
9Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — From Republic to Statehood
Due to the lack of accommodations in Columbia, a competition was announced to search for a new capital location on November 14, 1836 with a decision to be made on November 30. Four ballots were needed before the newly established town of . . . Map (db m164588) HM
10Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna — 1794-1876
General Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, posed one of the greatest problems to the new republic. Captured following the Mexican army's defeat at San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, Santa Anna and the Texas cabinet traveled aboard the steamboat . . . Map (db m164569) HM
11Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9575 — Home of George B. McKinstry — 1802 - 1837
A member of Austin's colony, 1829. Soldier in the Battle of Velasco; delegate to the General Convention, 1832; chief justice of Brazoria County, 1836. In this home, built about 1830, Stephen F. Austin died, December 27, 1836Map (db m78618) HM
12Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — In Memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. — Jan. 15, 1929 - Apr. 04, 1968
Nonviolent civil rights leader for racial equality. 1964 Nobel Peace Prize Recipient.Map (db m164591) HM
13Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Josiah Hughes Bell 1791-1838
Josiah Bell, a personal friend of Stephen F. Austin and member of The Old Three Hundred, managed Austin's colony for seventeen months while Austin traveled to Mexico to negotiate with the newly independent Mexican government to continue his . . . Map (db m164565) HM
14Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Masons of the Republic of Texas
A tribute to the fidelity of pioneer Masons whose outstanding leadership laid the cornerstone of the Republic of Texas. These great Masons gave us our freedom, our heritage, our liberty, and strengthened our faith in God. No men could have . . . Map (db m164584) HM
15Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Members of the House of Representatives
Mosely Baker Austin - Thomas J. Green Bexar - John W. Bunton Bastrop - Jesse Billingsley - Dr. Branch T. Archer Brazoria - John A. Wharton - John G. Robinson Colorado - John Chenoweth Goliad - William S. Fisher Gonzales - Jesse H. . . . Map (db m164575) HM
16Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Members of the Senate
Dr. Stephen H. Everitt - Jefferson and Jasper - Robert Wilson - Harrisburg and Liberty - William H. Landrum - Shelby and Sabine - Shelby Corzine - San Augustine - Sterling C. Robertson Milam - Alexander Somervell - Austin and . . . Map (db m164578) HM
17Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9560 — Near Site of First Capitol of the Republic of Texas
Near site of The First Capitol of the Republic of Texas About 1833 Leman Kelsy built a story-and-a-half clapboard structure near this location. When Columbia became capital of the Republic of Texas in 1836, the building was one of two . . . Map (db m43057) HM
18Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Officials of the Republic
President Sam Houston - Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar - Secretary of State Stephen F. Austin - Secretary of Treasury Henry Smith - Attorney General James Pinckney Henderson - Secretary of War Thomas J. Rusk - Secretary of . . . Map (db m164576) HM
19Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9546 — Old Columbia Cemetery
Site given by Josiah H. Bell family out of their grant, the first deeded to one of "Old 300" in colony of Stephen F. Austin. Has graves of many heroes of Texas Revolution of 1836. Deeded in 1852 to Bethel Presbyterian Church. Since 1933 managed . . . Map (db m46452) HM
20Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9588 — Phillips Family Cemetery
Zeno Phillips, one of Stephen F. Austin's "Old 300" colonists, acquired land here in 1829. Zeno and his brothers John Clark, Sidney, and James Ray (J.R.) Phillips, served in the Republic of Texas Army. The cemetery began with the burial of Zeno and . . . Map (db m96305) HM
21Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Problems Facing the New Republic
The newly formed Republic of Texas faced many problems. With no credit and no resources other than land, the republic had a debt of 1.25 million dollars. Hostile Indians plagued the population. The new government appropriated $20,000 to . . . Map (db m164574) HM
22Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Religion in the New Capital
During the early colonization of Texas, the Catholic religion was the established religion of Texas. As the colonists arrived in Texas to receive their land grant they were required to accept the Catholic faith even though many of them were of . . . Map (db m164590) HM
23Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Sam Houston, First President of the Republic — 1793-1863
In the August 9, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register, Stephen F. Austin, Henry Smith and Branch T. Archer were listed as candidates for the office of president of the new republic. Archer later withdrew and threw his support to . . . Map (db m164572) HM
24Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Selection of Columbia
Following the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836 at Washington on the Brazos, an ad interim government was formed. Headed by President David G. Burnet and Vice President Lorenzo de Zavala, this government . . . Map (db m164571) HM
25Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9526 — Site of the Home of Josiah Hughes Bell — 1791 - 1838
One of the “Old Three Hundred” who came to Texas with Stephen F. Austin in 1821 • First alcade (sic, alcalde) of Austin's Colony • On this tract of 6,642 acres, granted him in 1824, was later built the town of Columbia, First . . . Map (db m52793) HM
26Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Stephen Fuller Austin — 1793-1836
Stephen F. Austin's dedication to the settlement of Texas and its role as a republic was unmatched. Working long hours sometimes into the damp night as the republic's secretary of state, Austin caught a cold, which became pneumonia. With his . . . Map (db m164585) HM
27Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Telegraph and Texas Register
The fact that the Telegraph and Texas Register was operating in Columbia following the revolution helped in Burnett's selection of Columbia as the location for the meeting of Congress on October 3, 1836. The newspaper became the voice of the . . . Map (db m165828) HM
28Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Brazos River and the Steamboat Yellowstone
The Brazos River, whose formal name Brazos de Dios is Spanish for Arms of God, is the longest river in Texas. As it wound its way through Texas, it witnessed the coming of the first Anglo settlers, the signing of the Texas Declaration of . . . Map (db m164587) HM
29Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Capitol Buildings
No single building was large enough to house both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Two buildings served the two bodies of Congress with a number of smaller log houses serving as offices and committee rooms. The Senate met in a . . . Map (db m164579) HM
30Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Capitol Oak
A triple trunked live oak tree stood near the buildings which housed the House of Representatives and Senate. Tradition holds that the Texas Declaration of Independence was first read publicly under this tree causing it to also be called . . . Map (db m164589) HM
31Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Old Three Hundred
The Old Three Hundred refers to the settlers who received land grants in Stephen F. Austin's first colony. In 1821, Moses Austin, Stephen's father, received the first land grant offered by the Spanish government to settle 300 families. Upon . . . Map (db m164563) HM
32Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — The Runaway Scrape
In January of 1836, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna began gathering troops on the Rio Grande River to begin his attempted take-over of Texas. Texans living in the southern parts of Texas began fleeing eastward to escape the invading Mexican . . . Map (db m164568) HM
33Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all the veterans who have served their country. They served with honor, and now we honor them.Map (db m9552) HM
34Texas (Brazoria County), West Columbia — 9515 — W. H. Abrams Well No. 1
In 1920, Texas & Pacific Railway official William H. Abrams (1843-1926) of Dallas owned this old plantation land, then considered fit only for pasture. He leased mineral rights to the Texas Company (now Texaco, Inc.), whose drilling reached a . . . Map (db m52766) HM
Apr. 16, 2021