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Historical Markers and War Memorials in West Orange, New Jersey
Location of West Orange, New Jersey
▶ Essex County (148) ▶ Bergen County (401) ▶ Hudson County (71) ▶ Morris County (377) ▶ Passaic County (126) ▶ Union County (112)
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| Formed in Newark in 1890, the Essex Troop of Cavalry became the 102nd Cavalry in 1921 and purchased a large tract of land between St. Cloud and Livingston. This armory, built on that land, has been the unit's home since 1938.
The 102nd was . . . — — Map (db m166715) HM|
|As the National Park Service (NPS) enters its second century preserving and protecting the natural and cultural resources of America, a commitment to providing unparalleled access to national parks remains.
Before the establishment of the NPS, . . . — — Map (db m135991) HM|
| The first permanent settler who came here in 1678 and lived within the present day boundaries of West Orange. His home was located just a short distance from this location in current day Llewellyn Park nearly 177 years before the park was founded. . . . — — Map (db m137103) HM|
|As a respected member of the local community and the last surviving enslaved person of Sussex County, Anthony Thompson's life journey took him from being someone's property to becoming a free man and property owner in West Orange. He was born into . . . — — Map (db m166716) HM|
This building is a replica of the original “Black Maria”, the world's first motion picture studio.
Dedicated to the memory of Thomas Alva Edison the founder of the motion picture industry. — — Map (db m24249) HM|
| A Blacksmith Shop has been a feature of the West Orange laboratory complex since it was built in 1887. The first shop was located in the back of Building 4. It moved to an unknown location in 1900 and burned down in 1911. The current Blacksmith . . . — — Map (db m91908) HM|
|In 1887 this building was one of the best-equipped chemistry laboratories in the world. Within its walls, Thomas Edison and his chemists experimented on everything from phonograph records to rubber. “Grand science, chemistry,” Edison . . . — — Map (db m24242) HM|
|From The first concrete highway in New Jersey Built in 1912 by the State Highway Department — — Map (db m91912) HM|
In 1886 Thomas Edison bought Glenmont as a gift for his bride, Mina Miller. After moving in, Edison said that the 23-room Victorian mansion was “a great deal too nice for me, but it isn’t half nice enough for my little . . . — — Map (db m12011) HM|
If buses are desirable for intercity traffic, the electric one is the only practicable one. It is noiseless, odorless, and can be stopped and started quicker than the gasoline vehicle, and is also more economic in operations.
-Thomas . . . — — Map (db m136093) HM|
Built in 1908 with Edison Portland Cement, construction of this garage gave Thomas Edison experience in using concrete as a building material. Although it was built with conventional methods, Edison used the garage to help develop his own . . . — — Map (db m12039) HM|
| Home of Thomas Alva Edison from 1886 to his death on October 18, 1931. Here three children were born to him and his wife, Mina. The Library over the entranceway was his ”Thought Laboratory” for many ideas which later took shape at . . . — — Map (db m9648) HM|
This greenhouse, built in 1909 to replace a smaller one, supplied the Edison household with potted plants and cut flowers year-round. The two-story potting shed, made of Edison Portland Cement, provided work space on the first floor and . . . — — Map (db m12037) HM|
| In order to express forever the appreciation of the Japanese people of the service done by the late Thomas Alva Edison for the welfare of mankind, we respectfully present herewith a stone lantern as a memorial gift to his tomb. . . . — — Map (db m137105) HM|
|In 1853 New York merchant Llewellyn S. Haskell hired architect Alexander Jackson Davis to transform an old farmhouse on the eastern slope of Orange Mountain. Impressed with the scenic vistas, Haskell purchased more land and created Llewellyn Park . . . — — Map (db m12035) HM|
|1 Parkway West Orange, New Jersey Designated an Historic Landmark by the West Orange Historic Preservation Commission — — Map (db m50150) HM|
|In 1893 the Black Maria became the world’s first building constructed as a motion picture studio. This odd-shaped structure was designed to keep sunlight on the stage while Edison’s film pioneers made kinetoscope films. Although most filming took . . . — — Map (db m24179) HM|
|Metals were vital to Thomas Edison – from iron, copper, and various alloys used in new inventions to gold for plating phonograph record molds. Here in the metallurgical laboratory, workers collected, assayed, and evaluated the metals used for . . . — — Map (db m24246) HM|
| Mina Miller Edison was not content simply to be the wife of America's most famous inventor. As a devout Methodist, she firmly believed that each individual possesses the power to make positive change in their community. Her passion for . . . — — Map (db m95020) HM|
|Within this building carpenters shaped wood models, or patterns. From these wooden pieces, Edison and his employees made the parts for working models, specialized machinery, and other devices. The skilled workers in the Pattern Shop and other shops . . . — — Map (db m24243) HM|
|The truck of the second commercial electric railroad locomotive, built by Tho’s. A. Edison and operated with freight and passenger cars over three miles of railroad at Menlo Park, N.J. in 1882. — — Map (db m24428) HM|
This replica movie studio symbolizes the early motion picture industry. Called the “revolving photograph building” when constructed in 1892-93, the studio was soon nicknamed the “Black Maria” by Edison’s employees - . . . — — Map (db m24155) HM|
|This open space between the laboratory buildings served many purposes: delivery area, test site, motion picture set, photograph backdrop, greeting area, and parking lot. Activities here changed almost daily. The laboratory buildings surrounding the . . . — — Map (db m24181) HM|
|This laundry yard was often filled with clothes hung out to dry. Inside the house domestic servants cooked, cleaned, and tended to the family’s needs. Mina Edison supervised a staff that included a cook, governess, personal maid, kitchen maid, . . . — — Map (db m12040) HM|
|Building 5, the largest of the laboratory buildings, extends 250 feet along Lakeside Avenue. Henry Hudson Holly, architect of Thomas Edison’s home, planned this single, three-story building. But Holly’s building proved too small for Edison’s plans . . . — — Map (db m24156) HM|
|From 1887 to 1931 Thomas A. Edison, his laboratory employees, and invited guests entered the laboratory complex through this gate and arch. Guards and a tall picket fence (replaced by this chain-link fence in 1917) prevented sightseers and . . . — — Map (db m24160) HM|
|Built by Tho’s Edison and operated with several cars at Menlo Park, N. J. in 1881. — — Map (db m94629) HM|
|Built by Tho’s A. Edison and operated with freight and passenger cars over three miles of Railroad at Menlo Park, N.J. in 1882 — — Map (db m94630) HM|
|Thomas Edison was not just an inventor – he was a businessman running an industrial empire. Around the laboratory, Edison built large factories where thousands of employees mass-produced his inventions for the public. Edison understood the . . . — — Map (db m24173) HM|
|This statue, sculpted by Ohio artist Alan Cottrill in 2017, is substantially similar to the one displayed in Statuary Hall in the United States Capitol. In his right hand, Edison offers his incandescent light bulb (his major achievement); and in his . . . — — Map (db m135993) HM|
| The Invention Factory In the fall of 1887, Thomas Edison moved into his new laboratory complex in the town of West Orange, N.J. For the next 44 years Edison directed teams of research assistants in his “Invention Factory” and . . . — — Map (db m24252) HM|
| Here in the 1770’s in this area called Williamstown lived brothers Nathaniel and Benjamin Williams, prosperous farmers and operators of a saw and grist mill. As the Revolution approached, their Loyalist views attracted people of similar sentiments . . . — — Map (db m8533) HM|