“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Westminster, Maryland

Clickable Map of Carroll County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Carroll County, MD (210) Baltimore County, MD (336) Frederick County, MD (558) Howard County, MD (143) Adams County, PA (1436) York County, PA (438)  CarrollCounty(210) Carroll County (210)  BaltimoreCounty(336) Baltimore County (336)  FrederickCounty(558) Frederick County (558)  HowardCounty(143) Howard County (143)  AdamsCountyPennsylvania(1436) Adams County (1436)  YorkCounty(438) York County (438)
Westminster is the county seat for Carroll County
Westminster is in Carroll County
      Carroll County (210)  
      Baltimore County (336)  
      Frederick County (558)  
      Howard County (143)  
      Adams County, Pennsylvania (1436)  
      York County, Pennsylvania (438)  
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1 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — "Plant a Tree"Molleville Farm Auxiliary to Post 467 VFW
In honor or memory of a veteran Trees Planted - 1990 Plaque Dedicated - 1992 Map (db m188394) WM
2 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — 12 N Church Street
This property has been placed on the NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m197402) HM
3 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — 1930s Farm F12 Tractor
This 1930s Farm F12 tractor was restored by Ken and Sharon Pickett of Killdeer Valley Farm, Bethel Road, Woodbine, Md. It was purchased new by Thomas Bower, Ken's great uncle and neighbor.Map (db m188465) HM
4 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — A Final TributeBattle of Westminster — Corbit's Charge, June 29, 1863 —
The City of Westminster and the citizens of Carroll County proudly honor the brave men of the 1st Delaware Cavalry and the vanguard of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry who fought and died during this engagement in the Gettysburg Campaign. We commend the . . . Map (db m201548) WM
5 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Aftermath of BattleHospitals and Graves — Gettysburg Campaign —
After the cavalry engagement here on June 29, 1863, Westminster’s citizens cared for dozens of wounded of both sides. Besides the human toll, shattered and broken cannons, gun carriages, and caissons lined both sides of Court Street to Main Street . . . Map (db m201634) HM
6 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — American Legion Square
Dedicated to the memory of the men of Carroll County who have made the supreme sacrifice for the preservation of our countryMap (db m188397) WM
7 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Army of the PotomacJuly 3 1863
First and Second Brigades First Cavalry Division marched from Taneytown to Westminster, the Reserve Brigade of First Cavalry Division from Emmitsburg to the field of Gettysburg, and the Second Brigade Second Cavalry Division from Manchester to . . . Map (db m13854) HM
8 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Army of the PotomacJune 29, 1863
Headquarters Army of the Potomac moved from Frederick to Middleburg, First and Eleventh Corps marched from Frederick to Emmitsburg, Second Corps from Monocacy Junction via Liberty and Johnsville to Uniontown, Third Corps from near Woodsborough to . . . Map (db m13856) HM
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9 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Bantam Chickens
Bantam chickens — or "banties" as they are affectionately called — are a naturally occurring small breed of chicken. Known for their ability to brood or hatch eggs, banties were long kept on English game farms for just this skill. Unlike other . . . Map (db m188415) HM
10 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Basket Sleigh
Like most forms of winter transportation, basket sleighs were designed to glide easily across the snow and ice for a smooth and leisurely ride. Basket sleighs were made of durable wood or wicker to support riders and block against inclement weather. . . . Map (db m188402) HM
11 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Buck Miller Hayloft
Storage for hay, straw, fodder & grainMap (db m188405) HM
12 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Carroll County Almshouse and FarmNational Register of Historic Places
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior.Map (db m65148) HM
13 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Carroll County Korean War Casualties
Sgt. Charles L. Billingslea, Jr., USAF Pfc. Charles A. Crew, USA Pfc. Louis A. Damewood, USA Pvt. William H. Dolson, USA Pvt. Charles K. Eckard, USA Sgt. Leslie L. Fairchild, USA 1st Lt. Nelson E. Fenwick, USA Pfc. Charles E. . . . Map (db m155342) WM
14 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Carroll County Vietnam Veterans Memorial
[Entrance plaque:] Carroll County Vietnam Veterans Memorial [Small plaque laid in the ground:] We bond this memorial with the national and state memorials by the names enclosed below The names were brought to this . . . Map (db m114517) WM
15 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Carroll Hall / President's House / Levine Hall / Baker Chapel / Alumni Hall / Ward Memorial Arch
Carroll Hall - 1873 President's House - 1889 Levine Hall - 1891 Baker Chapel - 1895 Alumni Hall - 1896 Ward Memorial Arch - 1898 Designated Historical Places on the National Register U.S. Department of the . . . Map (db m147270) HM
16 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Chickens
Chickens have been part of the American diet since the days of the Spanish explorers. Since that time, different breeds have been developed to provide meat and eggs. The American Poultry Association began defining breeds in 1873. Breed standards . . . Map (db m188416) HM
17 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Clod-Crushers / Harrows / Plows
Clod-crushers. Clod-crushers broke up large chunks of earth left by plows or packed the soil to enhance germination. Harrows. Harrows smoothed newly plowed fields or covered newly sown seed for better germination. Plows. . . . Map (db m188421) HM
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18 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Corbit’s Charge
Here June 29, 1863, Captain Charles Corbit led Companies C and D, First Delaware Cavalry, against General J. E. B. Stuart’s cavalry division. Though repelled by overwhelming force, the attack delayed Stuart, and was a factor in his failure to reach . . . Map (db m3024) HM
19 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Corbit's Charge“Suicidal Bravery” — Gettysburg Campaign —
In June, 1863, as Gen. Robert E. Lee’s infantry marched through Maryland on its second invasion of the North, Lee lost contact with Gen. J.E.B. Stuart as the cavalry commander led his force east and north around the Union army. Here, on the . . . Map (db m13832) HM
20 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Cultivating
Blacksmith-made hoes for weeding were replaced by horse drawn cultivators by 1820. Cultivators both loosened the soil and killed weeds. Harrows and shallow turning plows were similarly used.Map (db m188417) HM
21 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Divided LoyaltiesThe Neal Family — Gettysburg Campaign — Reported permanently removed
A block away, at what is now 71 East Main Street, stood the Abner Neal house. In August 1862, Federal soldiers arrested sixteen Westminster residents as Southern sympathizers and escorted them to Baltimore for questioning. The group, soon released, . . . Map (db m114404) HM
22 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Divided LoyaltiesA U.S. Flag Goes South
During the Civil War, some Westminster families supported the Confederacy while others stood by the Union. Among the latter was Mary Ann “Mollie” Huber, who organized a dozen other like minded ladies into a sewing circle that met at her house. . . . Map (db m201643) HM
23 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Edwin E. Magin
. . . Map (db m188466) HM
24 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Engagement at WestminsterWar at the Almshouse — Gettysburg Campaign — Reported damaged
On June 29, 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s infantry was in Pennsylvania, and Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry arrived here on the outskirts of Westminster. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee’s division led the column, which numbered 6,000 including cavalrymen . . . Map (db m13826) HM
25 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Farm Equipment
A. One-Horse "Little Favorite Five" Disc Grain Drill. B. One-Horse Corn Planter. C. Expanding Cultivator. This cultivator adjusts to the width of the rows. D. Cover. E. Sulky Cultivator. Sulky or riding cultivators were developed by 1860. . . . Map (db m188418) HM
26 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Farm Equipment
A. Cultipacker. This cultipacker was manufactured by the Durham Company of Berea, Ohio. It was used to break up large clods of dirt after harrowing. Larger varieties were often pulled along behind a harrow. B. Clod Crusher. C. Harrow. D. . . . Map (db m188420) HM
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27 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Farm Equipment
A. Sub Soil Plow, c. 1700s. Sub soil plows were used to deepen furrows already plowed. Deep furrows allowed better moisture retention and root penetration. B. Potato Plow, c. 1890. C. 1850s Plow. D. Hillside Plow 745X or Two-Way Plow. . . . Map (db m188423) HM
28 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Farm Equipment
A. Stone Burr Mill for grinding grain, c. 1850. B. Crank Fodder Chopper C. Lever Fodder Chopper. Fodder choppers used either knives or rollers to cut and chop forage for animal feed, making it more palatable with less waste. D. Hominy Mill. . . . Map (db m188428) HM
29 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — First Lutheran Parsonage
First Lutheran Parsonage Serving the five churches of the Westminster Charge 1854-1870 Map (db m114407) HM
30 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Gen. Bradley T. Johnson's RaidA Ransom Cancelled — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —
In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded . . . Map (db m201507) HM
31 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . Map (db m75738) HM
32 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat — Maryland Civil War Trails — Reported permanently removed
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north . . . Map (db m114403) HM
33 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — History Is Also Now
Presented to the citizens of Westminster by the Mayor and Common Council History Is Also Now Designed by Lewis Schlitt ©1999 and created with help of Drury Bynum, Thomas Van Damme, and James Veenstra. Based on . . . Map (db m114431) HM
34 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — In Colonial America…
In Colonial America, farmers used methods that had changed little since Roman times. But, with the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the farmer's life and tools changed dramatically. Work was still long and hard, but new methods and machinery . . . Map (db m188426) HM
35 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — In Honor of the Day Family
Robert and Rosia Day donated this wormseed oil still to the Carroll County Farm Museum in May 2014. All wormseed operations were labor intensive and often involved the entire family during the growing, harvesting and distillation process. The Days . . . Map (db m188463) HM
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36 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — In Memory of All American Veterans
This memorial honors all American veterans who, although separated by generations, shared a common, undeniable goal—to valiantly protect our country's freedoms. The memories of these American veterans will continue to live on whenever and . . . Map (db m114408) WM
37 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Just Government League
Established in 1909, became largest organization in Maryland advocating for women’s suffrage. Local chapters were founded throughout the state including in Westminster in 1913. By 1915 statewide membership numbered 17,000. The League’s campaign . . . Map (db m139586) HM
38 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Katahdin Sheep
Katahdin are a breed of 'hair sheep' developed in the United States by amateur geneticist Michael Piel. The term 'hair sheep' means that Katahdins do not produce a fleece and do not require shearing. Their coats come in a variety of colors and . . . Map (db m188408) HM
39 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Landon C. Burns
Landon C. Burns was born in 1897 in Virginia. He graduated from the University of Maryland with a B.S. Degree in Agriculture Education and later earned an M.S. Degree in Rural Sociology. The man who was often called "Mr. Carroll County" was . . . Map (db m114412) HM
40 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Mayor Joseph L. Mathias
A tribute Mayor Joseph L. Mathias 1884-1963 A community leader who served the city of Westminster with dedication and distinction over a period of thirty -two years. City Councilman 1927-1937 Mayor of Westminster 1942-1963 Eliminated . . . Map (db m103912) HM
41 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Memorial Gateway
Until this or future generations shall provide a more fitting tribute, this simple gateway is erected as a memorial for the dead and testimonial to the living soldiers and others from Carroll County who served in the . . . Map (db m114402) WM
42 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Mulberry
This house built in 1795, by Col. Joshua Gist on land granted to him in 1782 and occupied by him until 1839. Willed to Harriet Gist 1839, occupied by her until 1865. Willed to Mordecai Gist 1865 by whom occupied until 1903. Purchased . . . Map (db m103300) HM
43 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Neal Home
Site of Abner Neal home. His sons, Henry and Frank, were arrested on Aug. 28, 1862 as Southern supporters. Released, they joined the Army of Virginia and returned with Stuart's advance guard on June 29, 1863, en route to Gettysburg. Here, Brig. . . . Map (db m188573) HM
44 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Planting / Fertilizing
Planting. Grain was sown by broadcasting (throwing) or hand seeders until 1850, when horse-drawn grain drills were introduced. Fertilizing. Depending on crops and funds, Carroll County farmers used a variety of fertilizers such as . . . Map (db m188419) HM
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45 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Potters Field1850-1960s
When Maryland's legislature approved the formation of Carroll County in 1837, it required the residents to build a courthouse, jail, register's office, clerk's office and a poorhouse. In 1852, the County Commissioners purchased 307 acres on the . . . Map (db m114411) HM
46 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Processing
Processing crops included everything from chopping forage for cattle and grinding grain to shelling corn. A wide variety of machines were invented for these farm jobs.Map (db m188444) HM
47 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Pvt. Jerome L. Day
In memory of Pvt. Jerome L. Day KIA, WW I. Oct. 8, 1918 Map (db m155344) WM
48 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Pygmy Goats
Pygmy Goats were first bred in Africa and later were imported to the United States as research and zoo animals. today the breed is commonly found as pets and exhibition animals due to its gentle, friendly nature and hardiness. The Pygmy goat is . . . Map (db m188412) HM
49 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — R.D. Bowman Stable
Housing for cows, calves & horsesMap (db m188403) HM
50 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The Carroll County Barn Quilt Trail
The Carroll County Barn Quilt Trail honors Carroll County's agrarian culture by bringing together historic barns and a "sampler" of quilt block patterns. These quilt blocks include both classic patterns that depict life in a rural society as well . . . Map (db m188399) HM
51 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The First Complete County Rural Free Delivery Service
In the United States was inaugurated by the post office department on December 20, 1899 covering the whole of Carroll County and small parts of adjacent counties with Westminster as the central distributing point.Map (db m3023) HM
52 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The Loom House
This line of bricks marks the location of a log structure that stood behind the Sherman-Fisher-Shellman House. The one-and-one-half story structure served as a loom house. The 1822 inventory of the estate of Jacob Sherman, the first owner of . . . Map (db m188396) HM
53 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The Opera House
Built in 1854 as an Odd Fellows Hall and served as an "Opera House" and community center for nearly a century. Reported to have been used by Union troops during the Civil War. Opera House printing company located here in 1976 by its owner, . . . Map (db m103704) HM
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54 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The Rosser Raid"Welcome into my home!" — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's smashing victory over Union Gen. John Pope at the Second Battle of Manassas, Lee decided to invade Maryland to reap the fall harvest, gain Confederate recruits, earn foreign recognition of the . . . Map (db m201697) HM
55 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The Smokehouse
Why was the meat cured & smoked? To preserve it and add flavor. How long did it take to smoke a piece of meat? It took 5 to 7 days. How long could meat be stored in the Smokehouse? Meat could be stored up to 1 year. . . . Map (db m188430) HM
56 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — The Trumbo-Chrest House297 East Main Street
The Trumbo-Chrest House has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m114397) HM
57 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Turkeys
For centuries, people have raised turkeys for food and for the joy of having them. There are many varieties of these heritage birds, such as Black, Bronze, White Holland, Slate and Bourbon Red — just to name a few. Turkeys have a distinct wattle, . . . Map (db m188413) HM
58 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Veterans Memorial🇺🇸
Dedicated to all the living and deceased veterans from Tremont Place who served in the Armed Forces and the men and women who supported their efforts.Map (db m199359) WM
59 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States1899 - 1999 — 100 Years of Services —
In honor of the members of Molleville Farm Post 467, serving Country and Community during times of war and peace.Map (db m188393) WM
60 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Vietnam1959 - 1975
In dedication to the men and women who served during the Vietnam War. The City of Westminster remembers those who fought and those who sacrificed their lives to defend our freedom and ideals.Map (db m155341) WM
61 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — 116 — Votes for WomenRoad to the 19th Amendment — National Votes for Women Trail —
Mary B. Shellman, community leader and 1913 founding president Carroll County Just Government League, educated voters here 1920.Map (db m188390) HM
62 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Westminster
County seat of Carroll County, founded 1764 first called Winchester for its founder William Winchester (1710-1790), who was born in Westminster, England (now a part of Greater London) Westminster Academy incorporated 1839 (later absorbed into the . . . Map (db m75698) HM
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63 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Westminster DepotPressed into Service — Gettysburg Campaign —
During the Civil War, railroads for the first time attained strategic importance for transporting troops and equipment. On July 1, 1863, Gen. Herman Haupt, chief of U.S. Military Railroads, assumed control here of the Western Maryland Railroad to . . . Map (db m13828) HM
64 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Westminster MD Town Survey
At the rear of this property there is a green stone marking the starting point for the patent of White's Level of September 27, 1738, and for the survey of the town of Westminster made by William Winchester in 1764, and shown on the plat recorded by . . . Map (db m148316) HM
65 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Westminster MD War Memorial
Dedicated to the honor and sacrifice of the men and women of Westminster who served in the armed forces of the United States in all wars.Map (db m103826) WM
66 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Who was Bennett Cerf?
Bennett Alfred Cerf (1898-1971) was a publisher, founder and chairman of the publishing house Random House. He was also a well known writer of many humor books and a popular panelist on television's long-running game show, What's My Line? . . . Map (db m199358) HM
67 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — World War I and World War II Memorial
This building erected in honor of the men and women of Carroll County who served in World War I and World War II 1952Map (db m114409) WM
68 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — World War II Veterans Memorial
. . . Map (db m114410) WM
69 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — World Wars I & II Memorial
This tablet is erected in loving memory of our sons who made the Supreme Sacrifice while serving our country 1917 · World War I · 1918 John A. Alexander • Burton J. Asper • Carl W. Beasman • Charles C. Billingslea • Herman E. Brown • . . . Map (db m155343) WM
70 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Wormseed Oil Distillation
Distillation was found to be the best way to extract wormseed oil so numerous crude distillation units were built in Carroll County and the surrounding area. A vat, or kettle, was loaded with as much of the wormseed stalk as possible and stamped . . . Map (db m188468) HM
71 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Wormseed Oil Growing & Harvesting
In early spring, wormseed plants were grown with some of the previous year's seeds in newly cleared ground. The six to eight inch tall plants were then transplanted to the field in June. Plants were cultivated until mature for harvesting in . . . Map (db m188464) HM
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72 Maryland, Carroll County, Westminster — Wormseed Oil History
Wormseed oil was a major cash crop for farmers in the Piedmont region of Maryland for more than 75 years. Before 1820 wormseed was considered a weed until the oil extracted from the plant was recognized as a treatment for roundworm, hookworm and . . . Map (db m188467) HM
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Apr. 23, 2024