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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Winchester, Kentucky
Location of Winchester, Kentucky
► Clark County (46) ► Bourbon County (20) ► Estill County (13) ► Fayette County (209) ► Madison County (77) ► Montgomery County (10) ► Powell County (9)
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CSA Gen. John H. Morgan's cavalry first raided Ky. July, 1862. Took Cynthiana but, faced by large USA forces, withdrew. Destroyed arms here on 19th and went to Richmond.
On last raid, June 1864, after two battles at Mt. . . . — — Map (db m164155) HM|
Fortifying Central Kentucky
The small earthwork above was just one part of an overall defensive strategy devised by the Union army to guard against Confederate raids. It was part of a grand plan put forth by Capt. Thomas B. Brooks.
In . . . — — Map (db m74633) HM|
This trail follows the road that took soldiers and supplies from the road below to the earthwork above. It is uncertain whether the military built the road or simply improved an existing trail or road.
The men and . . . — — Map (db m74720) HM|
|Born in Winchester, Allen Tate was a teacher and writer of prose and poetry of international fame. Also a leader of "New Criticism" poets and group known as Agrarians that supported the southern tradition. Helped found poetry magazine, "The . . . — — Map (db m164254) HM|
The Front Moves South
Capt. Thomas Brooks' plan for the defense of the Kentucky River was never completely realized. The reason lies in the shifting fortunes of war. In 1863, General Ambrose Burnside was sent to Kentucky to lead an . . . — — Map (db m74645) HM|
|On July 14, 1776, Daniel Boone's daughter,
Jemima, and Richard Callaway's daughters,
Betsey and Fanny, left Fort Boonesborough
to canoe on the Kentucky River. They
drifted close to the bank near this spot and
were captured by five Native . . . — — Map (db m169694) HM|
| Construction began in early 1863
Work on the Boonesboro earthwork progressed slowly, in part because of Confederate raids and in part because of bad weather, but by late spring or early summer the earthwork was complete.
In 1863, there . . . — — Map (db m74476) HM|
|Home of two Revolutionary War officers: built about 1793 by Col. Nathaniel Gist 1735-1796 and Gen. Charles Scott 1739-1813, Governor of Kentucky 1808-1812 who married the widow Gist, 1807. — — Map (db m170085) HM|
|Came from Va. to Boonesborough, 1776. Builder of Strode's Station, 1779, the largest and most important fortified area in Clark County during the early settlements and bloody Indian wars. Indians attacked station 1781, and later. Two men killed . . . — — Map (db m159696) HM|
Clark County, named in honor of Revolutionary War hero General George Rogers Clark, was created in 1792. A two-room log cabin courthouse built here in 1794 on land donated by John Baker. Replaced by two-story brick bldg. in 1797. Third . . . — — Map (db m67785) HM|
Clark County Hemp. One of the ten Bluegrass counties which produced over 90 percent of the entire country's yield in late 1800s. Production increased from 155 tons in 1869 to over 1,000 tons in 1889, valued at about $125 per ton. In 1942, . . . — — Map (db m170047) HM|
| Dedicated to the memory of those from Clark County who gave their lives in defense of humanity in the World War.
"As they served America in time of war, yielding their last full measure of devotion, may we serve America in time of peace, so . . . — — Map (db m164245) WM|
|Built in 1820s by Colby Taylor as a place of rest and entertainment on stage road from Winchester to Lexington. In 1832, President Andrew Jackson visited here on his trip to Winchester. During antebellum heyday in late 1840s, popular stop for those . . . — — Map (db m67745) HM|
Colonel John Holder
John Holder commanded at Fort Boonesborough in 1779 and est. Holder's Station near the mouth of Lower Howard's Creek in 1782. He led a garrison at Vincennes in George Roger Clark's 1786 Wabash Campaign & was appointed a . . . — — Map (db m166726) HM|
|The cliffs and slopes bordering the Kentucky River are home to a number of wildflowers and trees, some of which are pictured below. Common plants visible for much of the summer include pokeweed, blackberry, wild grape, and poison ivy. One frequently . . . — — Map (db m74790) HM|
|For General George Rogers Clark, who came to Kentucky territory from Virginia, 1775. He commanded expedition into Illinois territory in 1778-79, taking the British forts which held the northwest for future US settlement, and capturing . . . — — Map (db m164154) HM|
| Explored Kentucky, 1769-1774 Opened wilderness road, 1776 Founded Boonesborough, 1775 Hunter-Surveyor-Soldier Foremost pioneer of Kentucky “An instrument ordained to settle the wilderness.” — — Map (db m67784) HM|
Daniel Boone, Surveyor. Daniel Boone earned substantial income as a deputy county surveyor (1783-1797), a dangerous job in frontier Kentucky. He made legal surveys in six Kentucky counties, including Clark. Boone’s first eleven were for . . . — — Map (db m163166) HM|
Daniel Boone's Settlement
Daniel Boone selected this site at present-day Schollsville for his settlement in Kentucky by making an improvement here and growing corn in 1775 & 1776. The Virginia Land Commission approved his claim in 1779 at . . . — — Map (db m170089) HM|
Bridges, Fords and Ferries
Unlike the Ohio, the Kentucky River was never an important supply line for the Union Army. Because of its geology, the Kentucky acted as a barrier to the movement of supplies and men.
Much of the Kentucky . . . — — Map (db m74651) HM|
Winchester, KY was established in 1793. The city underwent a boom with the arrival of railroads and became a major banking and commercial center. Winchester’s location as the "Gateway to the Mountains" of Eastern KY . . . — — Map (db m164253) HM|
|In 1833 town trustees bought about an acre for $45 for public burial ground. First cholera epidemic in U.S. reached here. Seventy-five victims were buried here in 1833. John Ward, town trustee and a leader in forming cemetery, and his wife were both . . . — — Map (db m67786) HM|
On July 7, 1941, thirteen of Kentucky's rural electric co-ops formed East Kentucky Power Cooperative to relieve the electric power shortage common in rural areas. In 1951, Hugh L. Spurlock became EKPC's first general manager. Construction began . . . — — Map (db m167030) HM|
|On this site, John Ward, a trustee for the new town of Winchester, operated a tavern in the early 1800s. The property later became the Sachett Academy for girls. In 1845 the First Christian Church erected a brick church which burned during the . . . — — Map (db m67755) HM|
|Home and monument of James Clark 1779-1839. Governor of Kentucky, 1836-1839. Member of Congress; Judge, Court of Appeals. As Circuit Judge he rendered his famous decision which set off the old and the new court fight in 1821. — — Map (db m67748) HM|
|Here lived five Hanson brothers, Civil War soldiers, USA and CSA. For USA: Col. Charles S., hero of Battle of Lebanon, July, 1863; Pvt. Samuel K.-died in service. For CSA: Brig. Gen. Roger, . . . — — Map (db m67753) HM WM|
Homer Ledford (1927-2006) was a master craftsman, musician, and teacher. Born in Tennessee, he came to Kentucky to attend Berea College & graduated from Eastern Ky. University. Ledford founded the Cabin Creek Band in 1976 & led it for 30 years, . . . — — Map (db m67751) HM|
|Site of Eskippakithiki, sometimes called "Kentake," located on the Warrior's Path. This meeting place for traders and Indian hunters was the last of the Kentucky Indian towns. Occupied by the Shawnees, ca. 1715-1754. John Finley had a store here and . . . — — Map (db m170094) HM|
An Unanswered Question
Was there a blockhouse at the Boonesboro earthwork? Because no written records have been found only intensive archaeological investigation can answer that question. However, Captain Thomas Brooks' recommendation . . . — — Map (db m74504) HM|
|Near site of winter camp of Daniel and Squire Boone, Alexander Neeley, and John Stuart, 1769-70. Creek named by these pioneers after "Lorbrulgrud" of Gulliver's Travels, first known book brought to Kentucky. Corrupted to Lulbegrud. — — Map (db m167032) HM|
|Daniel Boone attended, Squire, Jr., Samuel, and Mary Boone baptized here. Church name changed, 1790, from Howard's Creek to Providence. William Bush, a member of Boone's second Ky. expedition, built the present stone structure of native limestone. . . . — — Map (db m30831) HM|
|In the burial ground, one-fourth mile east, are two rare Carrara marble tombstones carved in Italy by Joel Tanner Hart, the world renowned sculptor. He brought the stones to America, 1860, at time of unveiling of his great statue of Henry Clay in . . . — — Map (db m67788) HM|
|Directly in front of you is a fragment of the original road built to take men and supplies from the road below, now KY 1924, to the earthwork. This road is now a foot trail, but many of Clark County's original roads are still in use. As the maps . . . — — Map (db m74728) HM|
| "Civilization exists by geological consent" (Will Durant (1885 - 1981), American historian, philosopher, and educator)
Not many people stop to think about the rock beneath their feet, but it is the type of rock, its structure and . . . — — Map (db m74768) HM|
|Site of home and farm from which Cluke enlisted in the Confederate army. Commissioned Colonel of 8th Regt. Ky. Cavalry CSA, Sept. 1862. Immediate action in Ky. won the confidence of Gen. John H. Morgan; was with Morgan in Dec. 1862 and July 1863 . . . — — Map (db m67706) WM|
|One of the first marked trails in Kentucky. The path began at Fort Boonesborough, crossed the Kentucky River here at Blackfish Ford, followed a buffalo trace up Lower Howard’s Creek about four miles then turned north and continued on to the Lower . . . — — Map (db m169692) HM|
|Birthplace of Joel Tanner Hart, 1810, sculptor and poet. Began as stone-cutter, 1830. Went to Florence, Italy, 1840. Famed for busts: John Jordan Crittenden, Cassius M. Clay, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson. Marble statues: Woman Triumphant, Il . . . — — Map (db m166601) HM|
| Kentucky Primeval
Huge herds of bison graze in immense meadows beneath an open canopy of oak, ash, cherry, hickory, and sugar maple. Many of the trees are four feet or more in diameter. Elk and deer are abundant. Impenetrable canebreaks . . . — — Map (db m74754) HM|
| (side 1)
On March 9, 1918, at 7:45p.m., a wall of a burned-out building collapsed onto The Pastime Theater near the end of the first showing. Eleven people were killed instantly and scores of others were injured. Eight of the dead were . . . — — Map (db m121377) HM|
| Land Fever
Why did so many people brave the dangers of frontier life to come to Clark County and the Bluegrass? The answer is land -- cheap land, fertile land. The quest for land drove the settlement of Kentucky.
John Findley was a hunter . . . — — Map (db m74753) HM|
Army Engineers - A Proud Tradition
The Continental Congress first authorized an army with a chief engineer in 1775. In the years that followed, the Army Corps of Engineers supervised the construction of coastal fortifications, aided in . . . — — Map (db m74554) HM|
Constant Confederate Raids Forced the Union Army to Take Action
In the spring and summer of 1863 Confederate raids led by Col. Roy S. Cluke, Gen. John Pegram and Col. John S. Scott crossed and recrossed the Kentucky River. Their mission . . . — — Map (db m74678) HM|
This memorial is dedicated to those who served — In memory of those who died
PFC Willie Aldridge Army 1947 - 1968 •
PFC Floyd Barker Jr. Army 1948 - 1967 • . . . — — Map (db m164247) WM|