“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Winchester, Tennessee

Clickable Map of Franklin County, Tennessee and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Franklin County, TN (95) Coffee County, TN (59) Grundy County, TN (21) Lincoln County, TN (23) Marion County, TN (22) Moore County, TN (8) Jackson County, AL (34) Madison County, AL (185)  FranklinCounty(95) Franklin County (95)  CoffeeCounty(59) Coffee County (59)  GrundyCounty(21) Grundy County (21)  LincolnCounty(23) Lincoln County (23)  MarionCounty(22) Marion County (22)  MooreCounty(8) Moore County (8)  JacksonCountyAlabama(34) Jackson County (34)  MadisonCounty(185) Madison County (185)
Location of Winchester, Tennessee
    Franklin County (95)
    Coffee County (59)
    Grundy County (21)
    Lincoln County (23)
    Marion County (22)
    Moore County (8)
    Jackson County, Alabama (34)
    Madison County, Alabama (185)
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1Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1870s
A men's store was here around 1900, followed by W. W. Stovall Grocery. Between 1934 and the 1960s, Scarborough's Radio Shop and the Electrical Appliance Co., on this site, helped bring Winchester into modern times. Harry Ray's and S. J. Grant's . . . Map (db m172420) HM
2Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1870s
The Smile Billiard and Drinking Saloon was on this site in the 1860s. Frank Earle Miller, a black barber, was proprietor of the Solid Comfort Shaving Parlor here from the 1880s to 1898. He also played with Winchester's quite popular Miller . . . Map (db m172421) HM
3Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1880s
On this lot, Ralph Crabb built some of the city's earliest buildings, where he operated a hotel and tavern from 1811 to 1831. In 1863, during Union army occupation of Winchester, F. A. Loughmiller, owner of the building, traveled to Charleston with . . . Map (db m172589) HM
4Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1880s
In 1881, a tightrope walker performed on a wire stretched between the corner building and the old courthouse cupola. Dr. Robert Knox gave his name to this building when he purchased it in 1906. H. C. Schwartz’s photographic studio was upstairs, . . . Map (db m172590) HM
5Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1885
In the 1850s, this was the site of The Home Journal newspaper office. From the 1860s to 1880s, various saloons were here. After a disastrous fire in 1884, William Russey constructed this building, where Grant's Café, City Café, and The . . . Map (db m172557) HM
6Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1885
An early tin shop on this site in the 1820s became the first location of Vaughn Hardware in 1856. After an 1884 fire destroyed the older structure, this building was constructed by R. C. Handly. From 1923 to 1993, pharmacies operated here, including . . . Map (db m172558) HM
7Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1885
In the 1830s, a red-headed Irishman sold beer and ginger cakes on this site until some boys got him drunk and cut his hair, causing him to leave town. In 1850, E. R. Horton erected a storehouse here used by several dry goods merchants. After an 1884 . . . Map (db m172559) HM
8Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1889
One of the city's earliest saloons operated from a log cabin on this lot. This brick building was erected by Smith Morgan Alexander for the First Home Bank, which occupied the corner section until 1902. The office of V. R. Williams, one of the . . . Map (db m172410) HM
9Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1889
In 1892, the post office, which had formerly operated from the local postmaster's home or business, moved into this specifically designated storefront. From 1905 to 1945, it housed city hall, city jail, and the fire department, followed by law . . . Map (db m172411) HM
10Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1889
In the 1820s, Mrs. Ewing kept a storehouse here and had living quarters upstairs. By 1856, storekeeper H. Nassauer advertised “ready-to-wear clothing.” After a fire in 1884 burned most of the block, Colonel J. D. Wilson erected this . . . Map (db m172538) HM
11Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1889
This building was constructed by merchant T. A. Embrey after a disastrous fire in 1884. J. M. “Hunky” Fitzpatrick's meat market was here until 1929, when Jenkins & Darwin Bros. Mercantile moved in and served Franklin County for . . . Map (db m172539) HM
12Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1889
In the 1850s, Reverend James Campbell's grocery was here. His son, Joseph Campbell, the “Blind Knight,” was knighted by King Edward VII for his teaching service to the blind in Great Britain. O. H. Hubbard's photograph gallery was . . . Map (db m172546) HM
13Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1889
From the 1850s to 1880s, saddles and harnesses were made and sold on this site by John W. Williams, who also served as county court judge. T. A. Embrey erected this building after a fire that destroyed most of the block. In 1917, C. G. Burkhalter, . . . Map (db m172549) HM
14Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1890
In 1876, Wenger Cabinetmakers, like several Winchester furniture makers, also sold coffins and operated a hearse service. This building, constructed by Frederick Wenger, Sr., was used by his sons as a furniture store, undertaking business, plumbing . . . Map (db m172412) HM
15Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1890s
In 1919, three McDowell brothers established a café here and later an ice cream parlor, which quickly became the “social center of Winchester.” Various cafes followed McDowell's until Southside Poolroom opened and, from the 1950s to . . . Map (db m172566) HM
16Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1890s
Mrs. Emma Brazelton's millinery shop was here in the 1890s. Winchester's movie theaters, the Dixie and the Rivoli, followed from about 1911 to 1952. Admission was 10 cents and 20 cents. Mabra Coleman, one of three blind brothers, provided organ . . . Map (db m172587) HM
17Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1891
In 1890, Dr. T. C. Murrell purchased this lot, where he built a new office. An extremely popular physician, many baby boys he delivered were named after him. In 1917, brothers W. C. and I. L. Knox purchased the building for use as a produce company. . . . Map (db m172537) HM
18Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1893
While the Union army occupied Winchester in 1863, H. A. Huntington's Union Army Officers' Emporium was on this site. Among the occupants of this building, constructed by G. G. Phillips, have been professionals with offices upstairs and business . . . Map (db m172564) HM
19Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1894
In 1832, a portion of this lot was purchased by Peter Embrey, a free man of color. He eventually owned all of the lot to the corner of 2nd Avenue. In 1894, a hook and ladder truck pulled by horses used this site, where Ellis Days had built a new . . . Map (db m172442) HM
20Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1896
A tailor shop was on this site in 1827. This building, constructed by Ellis Days for $4,000, was occupied between 1903 and 2003 by Wood Variety Store and furniture companies with the familiar names Haynes, Herrin & Steed, Steed-Leonard, Rollins & . . . Map (db m172413) HM
21Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1898
John Schrom's bakery, established shortly after the Civil War, operated at this site until 1897. This building, constructed by A. W. Taylor, John Schrom's son-in-law, was used as a restaurant, and then a saloon, until it was purchased by H. B. and . . . Map (db m172535) HM
22Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1899
In 1817, a bank building was erected on this corner as a short-lived branch of The Bank of Tennessee. It was known as “the old bank building”, even when occupied by mercantile stores. The present building, constructed in 1899 for the . . . Map (db m172561) HM
23Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1899
This building was erected by Mrs. Mattie Fuller and her son, Ollar. Once, during the forty-nine years Knox Clothing Store was here, burglars “exchanged” two pairs of stolen shoes taken weeks earlier for other pairs one-half size larger. . . . Map (db m172565) HM
24Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1900
Originally built as an office for Dr. T. B. Anderton, this building was the first site of Farmer's Bank and Trust Co. in 1906 and Farmer's National Bank in 1907. From 1934 to 2009, jewelers occupied this site, including Norton's, Jennings, and . . . Map (db m172461) HM
25Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1900
In 1856, Henry Banks, a popular black barber, advertised warm and cold baths here for 25 cents. This building, constructed by George D. Gipson, was the location of Roy Grant's Auto & Electric Supply Co. in 1921. An elevator was used to lift . . . Map (db m172534) HM
26Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1902
A tavern site since the 1820s, the Mountain House Hotel & Tavern hosted guests here from 1856 to the 1880s. This sandstone building, erected for the second Home Bank, was originally topped by a distinctive turret, removed in 1959 while Prince Drug . . . Map (db m172459) HM
27Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1902
Harvey M. Templeton, Sr. constructed this building occupied by the offices of doctors and other professionals through the 1920s. Later, the building variously housed drug stores, furniture stores, men's shops, and offices. From 1955 to 1987, . . . Map (db m172471) HM
28Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1903
Miller Bros., and then Carmack Dry Goods Co., occupied the center and right side of this building until 1930. Since then, businesses in the right side have been Moore & Steed Funeral Home, Coggins Western Auto, and Lay's Variety Store. The middle . . . Map (db m172491) HM
29Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1903
In 1905, Miller and Burkhalter butcher shop occupied the left end of this building, followed by the grocery stores of S. E. Carter and Grant & Grant. Ma Ward operated a popular cafè here in the 1950s. Since then, this location has been used for . . . Map (db m172493) HM
30Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1904
An undeveloped lot was here until T. A. Embrey constructed this building, which first housed a grocery store. In 1913, it became the location of Paplanus Department Store, established by Samuel Paplanus and his son, Isidore. After the popular dry . . . Map (db m172482) HM
31Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1906
This building was labeled the Embrey block for its builder, T. A. Embrey. The stamped metal façade adorning the upper story reflects the Victorian era of commercial architecture. The law office of Embrey and Stewart was upstairs in 1917, with . . . Map (db m172485) HM
32Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1911
From 1845 to the 1860s, Ezra Crane operated a silver-plating establishment on this site. A vacant lot was here when Collins Hardware Co. constructed this building for a Ford dealership and seed company. In 1930, Roy Grant expanded his business next . . . Map (db m172532) HM
33Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1912
The first house on the square, built here by the Russey family about 1810, was followed in 1830 by the Ballard House, the first of several hotels and taverns. In 1857, a reception was held at the hotel for local attorney W. E. Venable, US minister . . . Map (db m172416) HM
34Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1914Winchester City Hall
Between the 1850s and 1911, a livery stable and stone works occupied the north end of this site. With the John Custer Family home on the south corner, the present building was constructed for the US Post Office and various government offices. After . . . Map (db m75915) HM
35Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1916
The Bell Tavern on this lot served as headquarters for the stage route in the 1820s. Boarding was $2.50 per week, lodging 12½ cents per night, and horses lodged for 37½ cents per night. Fred Wenger, Jr., and his brother George, . . . Map (db m172414) HM
36Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1916
Casper J. Knies erected this middle building on the former site of a small blacksmith shop. Grover Hatfield and Ernest Baker leased it for their Ford service station garage, until Hatfield used it for his machine shop in 1919. In the 1940s, during . . . Map (db m172515) HM
37Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1920
E. L. Collins erected this building as a drive-through filling station and garage on what had been a residential city block since the 1850s. McDowell Appliance Store took over the corner in the 1940s and was followed by Huber Paint Store from 1953 . . . Map (db m172511) HM
38Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1920
Casper J. Knies erected this building, next to his first building on the right, and leased it to Grover Hatfield for additional space for his machine shop. In 1938, Copeland Produce Co. was here and was followed in 1950 by Knies Hardware Co., which . . . Map (db m172513) HM
39Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1920s
A small, iron-clad room on this site was used as a hay shed in 1905 and a hearse house for Herrin & Steed Furniture & Undertaking in 1910. Grammer Shoe Shop occupied this building in 1924 and was followed by several restaurants and beer joints, one . . . Map (db m172531) HM
40Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1923
Burt C. Shasteen constructed this building for a drive-in filling station on the Dixie Highway, which entered Winchester by way of North High Street. Because the business phone number was 288, he named it the 288 Filling Station. Murrell Travis, who . . . Map (db m172517) HM
41Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1924
Thomas J. Scott, a Winchester contractor, constructed this building for his warehouse. From 1926 until 1965, The Winchester Chronicle newspaper, founded by Mr. and Mrs. David L. Lynch, leased the left side. Grant's used furniture business . . . Map (db m172602) HM
42Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1926
Solomon A. Shore, father of singer Dinah Shore, operated a department store here from 1914 to 1923. Dinah, as a child, sang for the customers while sitting on the counter. The store burned in 1924, and the present building was constructed and . . . Map (db m172423) HM
43Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1930
These adjoining town lots, purchased in 1812 by Thomas Smyley for $132, remained residential property until 1930. David Spyker, one of Winchester's earliest residents, lived in a house here that was replaced by T. N. Arledge in 1882 and purchased . . . Map (db m172443) HM
44Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1934
In the 1880s, Shoemaker Reinhold Kleinwachter was on this site. In 1902, lawyer George E. Banks, Sr., whose office was here, fatally shot newspaper editor Sherman B. Robinson on the sidewalk because of a political disagreement. Abe sanders operated . . . Map (db m172460) HM
45Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1934
This lot was undeveloped until Richmond L. Groves erected this building, which was used in the 1940s for Travis Auto & Home Supply. In the 1960s, Prelude Photographic & Framing Center and Winchester Arts Center were here, followed by Ryland Williams . . . Map (db m172516) HM
46Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1935
Benjamin S. Decherd ran a general store on this site from the 1820s until he moved to Texas in 1853. Collins Hardware, here in 1899, was followed by Vaughan Hardware from about 1909 until 1958. Kuhn's 5 and 10 cent store expanded into this building . . . Map (db m172424) HM
47Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1935
In 1838, merchants Sharp & Loughmiller charged $30 for twenty-four pairs of shoes purchased here for “poor and destitute Indians” passing through Winchester on the Trail of Tears. In 1863, the Union army took over the upstairs office of . . . Map (db m172425) HM
48Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1935
This building was constructed to replace an older one destroyed, along with the adjoining corner building, by a disastrous fire in 1934. Vaughan Hardware occupied the new building until 1958, when E. H. Hudson, who once baked a cross-shaped cake . . . Map (db m172438) HM
49Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1937
This three-sectioned building, with a separate entrance for each section, was constructed for the McDowell Ice Cream Co., which moved here from its first location at the rear of the family's café on the south side of the square. A donut shop and . . . Map (db m172604) HM
50Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1947
In 1929, Leon and Rivers McDowell purchased this residential property, known as the Coleman Place, on which they later constructed this two-sectioned building. The entire building was leased by the Home Store, Winchester's first grocery supermarket, . . . Map (db m172447) HM
51Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1950
Apothecary and druggists' shops were on this corner from the 1820s to 1900, with Drs. T. C. Murrell, J. W. Grisard, and J. C. Shapard's offices upstairs during the 1880s. The street level housed Franklin Grocery and Bakery until the 1930s. The . . . Map (db m172418) HM
52Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1958
In 1910, a cobbler's shop and the Winchester Fire Department's hose house occupied this site. Shortly after 1948, Vaughan Hardware Co. built an open lumber shed here that was enclosed in 1958 to house their business. Modern improvements included . . . Map (db m172440) HM
53Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1959
Thomas D. Wiggins, selling his goods here in a log cabin, was the first merchant in Winchester. In 1812, he was appointed postmaster, making this the site of Winchester's first post office. From the 1860s, many successful lawyers occupied offices on . . . Map (db m172597) HM
54Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Built 1963
From 1853 to 1872, this was known as the “Farmer corner,” occupied by C. M. Farmer's cabinet and undertaking shop, and later W. B. Farmer's saloon. Dentist Dr. J. O. Templeton, Sr., erected an office building here in 1897 that also . . . Map (db m172562) HM
55Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 77 — Captain Samuel Handly
Capt. Samuel Handly fought in the Indian Wars of the 1770's and in the Battle of King's Mountain in 1780. Indians captured him in a battle at Crab Orchard and released him after negotiations with Gov. William Blount. Handly was a member of Tennessee . . . Map (db m26168) HM
56Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 26 — Carrick Academy
The first school hereabouts for male education was established on the NE corner of this property in 1809; named for Samuel Carrick, founder of Blount College, later the University of Tennessee. Its first principal was Robert Witter. The first . . . Map (db m153779) HM
57Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Colonel James Lewis
In memory of COLONEL JAMES LEWIS Born April 6, 1756 Albemarle County Virginia Died February 21, 1849 Franklin County Tennessee Served with distinction in the Revolutionary War. Participated in the Battles of White Plains, Trenton, . . . Map (db m31647) HM
58Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Did You Know?
The Winchester Lions Club sponsored Johnnie J. Woods of New York City billed as The Human Fly in February of 1953. Woods came through town and scaled the front of Farmer's National Bank bare handed. When he got to the top, he swung from an . . . Map (db m172554) HM
59Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Did You Know?
The original Home Bank building is the location of Coldwell Banker Lynch-Rigsby Realty & Auction. In the 1940s, the Red Cross, Woodmen of the World, and Franklin County Board of Education used the upstairs of this building. Thomas Westall . . . Map (db m172598) HM
60Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Did You Know? / Franklin County Courthouse
[Side A:] Did you Know? A tightrope performer called Monsieur LeRey gave a performance in 1881 walking on a tightrope stretched from the roof of the two-story brick building on the southeast corner of the Square to the second-story . . . Map (db m172568) HM
61Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Did You Know? / Knies Blacksmith Shop / Home Bank & Trust Company
(Side A) Did You Know? Jess Church the Barber advertised hot and cold baths in March 1913. He was the owner of one of the first barbershops in Winchester in the basement below the Home Bank and Trust Company. His shop had a bathtub and . . . Map (db m172456) HM
62Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 70 — First United Church, U.C.C
Located 1/4 mile North on Owl Hollow Rd. in 1873, the church was founded by Swiss-German settlers as the German Reformed Church and was the first such church in Tennessee. The church became the center of Swiss culture in this area which was noted . . . Map (db m26169) HM
63Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 57 — Goshen Cumberland Presbyterian Church
1 ½ mi. S.E. on the Boiling Fork of Elk. Oldest church in Franklin County. Founded 1808 by the Alexander, Cowan, Keith, McCord, Weir, and other pioneer Scots-Irish Presbyterian families. First Presbyterian congregation in Tennessee to transfer . . . Map (db m25641) HM
64Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — In Memory of Our Franklin County War DeadDedicated May 29, 1995
World War I Robert H. Ashley ∙ Albert A. Banholzer ∙ William J. Blansett ∙ Harry R. Bohanan ∙ Paul A. Bunn ∙ Ernest J. Campbell ∙ Henry C. Cates ∙ William O. Clark ∙ George W. Decker ∙ Frank . . . Map (db m81549) WM
65Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — James Winchester(1752 - 1826)
Soldier of the American Revolution Speaker of the First Tennessee Legislature Brigadier General, War of 1812The town of Winchester was created as the seat of justice for Franklin County, November 22, 1809, by Act of the Tennessee Legislature Marker . . . Map (db m31650) HM
66Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 28 — Mary Sharp College
This college, devoted exclusively to the higher education of women, first opened its doors Jan. 1, 1851. It was named for one of its principal benefactors. It suspended from 1861 to 1865, the buildings being used by Federal troops. Reopening in . . . Map (db m25427) HM
67Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Mary Sharp College
In Memoriam MARY SHARP COLLEGE 1851-1896 Pres. Z.C. Graves A.M. L.L.D. MOTTO; LEARN TO THINK First womens' college in America to require Greek and Latin for Bachelors Degree John Eaton M.S. Commissioner of Education . . . Map (db m31651) HM
68Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 10 — Peter Turney
1/8 mi. N.W. are ruins of the antebellum home of Peter Turney (1827-1903). Organizer and commander of the 1st Tennessee Infantry CSA until wounded; member of State Supreme Court, 1878-86; chief justice, 1886-93; governor; 1893-97. The house was . . . Map (db m25428) HM
69Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 27 — Secession
In this locality, on Feb. 24, 1861, occurred the mass meeting as result of which Franklin County seceded from the State of Tennessee, at the same time petitioning the then Confederate State of Alabama to annex it. The secession of Tennessee June 24, . . . Map (db m24666) HM
70Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — 2E 9 — The Blind Knight
4½ mi. S.E., near Liberty, Francis Joseph Campbell lived as a boy. Blinded in 1836, when 4 years old, he was educated in the first class of the State School for the Blind, later in Boston and Europe. Settling in England, his success in . . . Map (db m26177) HM
71Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Trinity Episcopal Church
National Register of Historic Places Tennessee Historical Commission Trinity Episcopal ChurchMap (db m172409) HM
72Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Tullahoma CampaignJune 24-July 4, 1863 — Anatomy of a Campaign —
In late June of 1863, Union Major General William S. Rosecrans launched a massive offensive from his base in Murfreesboro in an attempt to drive Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s 43,000-man Army of Tennessee from its entrenchments at . . . Map (db m75257) HM
73Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Tullahoma CampaignJune 24-July 4, 1863 — The Confederate Retreat —
From June 24th to June 27th, the Union Army of the Cumberland had moved flawlessly to maneuver the Confederate Army of Tennessee out of its position south of the Highland Rim. As Rosecrans would later say, only heavy rains had prevented a complete . . . Map (db m81551) HM
74Tennessee (Franklin County), Winchester — Winchester's Civil War SitesCounty Seceded before the State
When Tennessee failed to secede from the Union on February 9, 1861, Franklin County residents met here at the courthouse. They listened to attorney Peter Turney’s forceful speech offering resolutions in favor of secession and reportedly adopted them . . . Map (db m75226) HM
May. 8, 2021