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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Yuma, Arizona
Location of Yuma, Arizona
► Yuma County (51) ► La Paz County (33) ► Maricopa County (204) ► Pima County (182) ► Imperial County, California (44)
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|Across the Colorado River is "Indian Hill," the site of La Purisima Concepcion mission. Built in 1780 by Spanish explorers, it was destroyed in 1781 when native Quechans revolted, killing all European males. Nothing is left of that structure. Today . . . — — Map (db m158369) HM|
|The gray bridge, finished in 1915, is the "Ocean to Ocean" Highway Bridge. This was the final link in a highway stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. Its presence meant travelers no longer had to wait for the ferry to cross the Colorado . . . — — Map (db m158287) HM|
|In memory of
the inmates, who lost their life
while serving their sentence, at the
Arizona Territorial Prison at Yuma
Aldrete, Simon Alejandra Alveres, Thomas Armbula, Tomas Arnett, William Arvizu, Gregorio Baca, Antonio . . . — — Map (db m51636) HM|
|Camp Laguna operated from April 1942 to April 1944. It was one of twelve such camps built in the southwestern deserts to train United States troops during World War II.
The Desert Training Center, a simulated theater of operations, included . . . — — Map (db m29061) HM|
|In 1863 Jacob Snively, founder of Gila City, and right hand to Sam Houston, avenger of the Alamo, following blazes left on the saguaros by Mexican and Conquistador predecessors, came to Castle Dome, and within 15 years, Castle Dome Citys population . . . — — Map (db m48924) HM|
In 1859, steamboat entrepreneur George Alonzo Johnson built a riverside home for his bride, Estefana Alvarado. Now known as the Commanding Officer's Quarters, the home is believed to be Arizona's oldest Anglo-built adobe building. In the . . . — — Map (db m28999) HM|
|Construction on this adobe home on Madison Avenue began in the 1870's. Pioneer merchant E. F. Sanguinetti purchased the two-room house with its lean-to kitchen in 1890. The building, gardens, and aviaries were developed by Sanguinetti who resided . . . — — Map (db m28971) HM|
|Early day route from Sonora to California over the path taken by Father Eusebio Kino in 1700 when he sought to discover if California was part of the American mainland. The parched desert along this route has claimed hundreds of lives, particularly . . . — — Map (db m83418) HM|
|This is the point of discovery for the Flora Temple Mine. In the early 1870s, a Colorado River steamboat captain named Isaac Polthamus purchased the Flora Temple Mine. This mine was the 2nd patented claim in Arizona (1871). Polthamus and his . . . — — Map (db m91925) HM|
|Built by John Gandolfo, this brick landmark served as a 635 seat theater and vaudeville house, a WW II USO canteen and was a center of community activity from 1917 to 1950. The third floor ballroom was destroyed by fire in 1925.
Dedicated . . . — — Map (db m28987) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m166002) HM|
|John Ghiotto, native of Genoa, came to Yuma in 1890 to work in the Gandolfo store. He went into business for himself and had a chain of four small groceries. His brick home is typical of middle class housing of this period.
Dedicated December . . . — — Map (db m29004) HM|
The building is an example of Moderne/Art Deco Style. It served as headquarters for Hollywood stars throughout the 1930 and 40's and was the center of Yuma's social life until 1960.
Dedicated December 1999, by the City of Yuma
for the . . . — — Map (db m29006) HM|
125th Anniversary of the Founding
Immaculate Conception Parish
1866 – 1991
Celebrated on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception
December 8, 1991
Most Rev. Manuel D. Moreno, D.D.
Bishop of . . . — — Map (db m29024) HM|
|Senator Giss was born February, 1906, in Minneapolis, Minn. and moved to Arizona in 1937. Being a concerned individual for Arizona's future, Senator Giss entered politics. He served as a member of the Arizona House of Representatives for two years . . . — — Map (db m28986) HM|
|In 1904 an incorrigible ward, consisting of five steel cages, was constructed on this site. The total budget for the building, including steel cages, corrugated iron roofing and lumber, was five hundred dollars. Approximately 4,000 adobe bricks, . . . — — Map (db m158296) HM|
|During World War II, the Yuma proving ground of the United States Army Corps of Engineers was known as the Yuma Test Branch, which was used as a floating-bridge test facility. By 1944, more allied troop support was needed to conduct the bridge tests . . . — — Map (db m29059) HM|
|While the American Revolution brewed on the Atlantic Coast, Spain expanded its New World empire to protect California against the British and Russians. In 1774, Juan Bautista de Anza, commander of the Royal Presidio of Tubac, successfully explored . . . — — Map (db m158299) HM|
|The main cellblock was built to house up to 204 prisoners, but at times the Superintendent's report stated that up to 240 prisoners were kept here. Each cell was approximately 9 foot X 12 foot and could hold six prisoners. When space became limited, . . . — — Map (db m158292) HM|
Designed in the Modernistic/Art Deco style, it retains its original design and use as a lodge. Freemasonry in Yuma began in 1900. Lodge #17 was formed in November, 1901.
Dedicated December 1999, by the City of Yuma for the preservation of . . . — — Map (db m29022) HM|
Mounted on back of monument
Mormon Battalion Crossing
This monument marks the approximate site of the crossing of the Colorado River by the Mormon Battalion on 10 and 11 January 1847.
The Mormon Battalion consisted of 500 . . . — — Map (db m62011) HM|
|This turn of the century adobe is an example of middle-class housing in Yuma. It is also a fine example of the Anglicized Sonoran style building tradition.
Dedicated December 1999, by the City of Yuma
for the preservation of our heritage. . . . — — Map (db m29003) HM|
|In 1913 after strong campaigning from the citizens of Yuma, Representative Carl Hayden secured funding for this bridge. When completed, it was the only highway bridge across the Colorado River for 1,200 miles. It was partially funded by the Office . . . — — Map (db m46786) HM|
|This adobe building was constructed in 1872 as an office for the Fort Yuma Quartermaster Depot. It replaced a room in a corner of the depot storehouses where, according to Captain J. G. C. Lee, Quartermaster, ". . .the noise of the arrivals and . . . — — Map (db m29000) HM|
|Anything a prisoner could not make himself or barter for, he had to do without. As an inmate, forty-eight hours a week were spent working in the fields, quarry, adobe yard, or on assignment in a shop. Whether you needed a tin cup or a new . . . — — Map (db m158293) HM|
|A steam pump located at the edge of the river propelled muddy Colorado River water through pipes to an elevated holding tank constructed of local rock and mortar with a wood shingle roof to decrease evaporation. Sediment fell to the bottom of the . . . — — Map (db m29001) HM|
|On October 25, 1911, pioneer aviator Robert Grant Fowler touched down on this site, becoming the first person to land an airplane in Arizona under its own power. A native Californian, he had departed Los Angles October 19, and completed aviation . . . — — Map (db m29018) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m29046) HM|
|Below the junction of the Gila and the Colorado rivers was the only natural ford on the southern trail to the Pacific. Though often menacing, Indians helped early travelers across on crude rafts. Several ferries operated from 1850 on. Best known . . . — — Map (db m158300) HM|
|Wooden coaches were built around 1875 by Southern Pacific Railroad shops in Sacramento, California, and were used for passenger service in the railroad's southern division.
In 1913, this car was converted for railroad maintenance and was then . . . — — Map (db m29002) HM|
|The best preserved 19th century brick building in Yuma. One of the few structures to survive the flood of 1916. Across the street from the Southern Pacific Roundhouse, it offered groceries, sundries, and a saloon for railroad employees. . . . — — Map (db m29019) HM|
|During his 1774 exploratory trip, Anza made friends with Chief Olleyquotequiebe (Anza called him “Palma”) of the Quechan Indians, who controlled the river crossing. The Quechans welcomed the 1775 colonizing expedition and supplied . . . — — Map (db m158365) HM|
|Longest Sustained March in U.S. Military History, 1846-1847.
Between 1846 and 1848, the United States and Mexico went to war. One of the major directives of the United States during this war was to secure its western border and to occupy . . . — — Map (db m22686) HM|
|This early commercial block was built by Jose Maria Venegas as a storehouse/dry goods outlet. The sheltered arcade is typical of southwest design of the period. The family also owned the Yuma Steam laundry in this neighborhood.
Dedicated . . . — — Map (db m29005) HM|
|Yuma of the 1870's had limited marketplaces. Goods were brought in by steamships or many days' journey through hostile country. Calamities along the journey claimed belongings and supplies more than once. The government compensated by stocking as . . . — — Map (db m158298) HM|
|In January 1943 the Yuma Test Branch of the Engineer Board of the Corps of Engineers commenced test operations on fixed and floating bridges at Imperial Dam. Tests were conducted in both sluiceways as well as above and below the dam. Transportation . . . — — Map (db m29058) HM|
|Built in classic Spanish Colonial Revival style on high ground overlooking the Colorado River, it has served as the traditional seat of municipal government.
Dedicated December 1999, by the City of Yuma for the preservation of our heritage. . . . — — Map (db m28985) HM|
|Dedicated to the memory of the Yuma County, Arizona Veterans who gave their lives for their country in the World War 1917-18 Lt. Col. H. H. Donkersley Sidney D. Carter Fermin Coz Worley Doby Joaquin Dominguez Frank Espinoza Jesse R. . . . — — Map (db m166001) WM|
|From 1850 to 1877 all travelers crossing the Colorado River used the ferry. Several operated between the mouth of the Gila River and Pilot Knob. Steamboats arrived on the river in 1850 and the first railroad bridge was built in 1877. — — Map (db m29015) HM|
|Yuma Crossing, used since prehistoric times, played a significant part in the development of the West and continues to influence the affairs of the state and the nation. The Yuma City-County Bicentennial Commission in the spring of 1974 conceived . . . — — Map (db m28984) HM|
| The Natural Setting The river supported pristine cottonwood / willow gallery forests, mesquite bosques, wetlands, inter-tidal salt flats, and lakes dependent on annual floods for existence. The area yielded a rich harvest of seasonal wild . . . — — Map (db m158377) HM|
| A Positive Impact Starting in 1905, dams were constructed along the Colorado River that brought positive change to the Southwest. Dams and canals brought a safe and secure source of water and power and enhanced the ability of people to live in . . . — — Map (db m158380) HM|
| Restoration in Progress The Yuma East Wetlands (YEW) is an innovative restoration project pioneered by the Quechan Indian Tribe and the City of Yuma. The 1,418 acres of the YEW are comprised of native riparian wetland, and aquatic habitats . . . — — Map (db m158390) HM|
|The concrete slabs before you are all that remain of an early adobe structure. Originally, this building was where prisoners were processed, ate meals, and received medical attention. Later it housed offices, storerooms, barbershop and the two cells . . . — — Map (db m158297) HM|