“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Related Historical Markers

Shenandoah County Civil War related Markers.
The Rupp House image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, September 29, 2006
The Rupp House
1Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — The Old Home of William F. Rupp
The old home of William F. Rupp who was one of the Valley's most skilled fresco painters. In the Rupp house also lived George M. Neese, the author of “Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery.” Descendants still own and occupy the . . . Map (db m558) HM
2Virginia, Shenandoah County, Mount Jackson — A-66 — The Confederate Hospital
The Confederate hospital was built here under the direction of Dr. Andrew Russell Meem, by order of the Confederate Medical Department in Sept. 1861. The hospital consisted of three two-story buildings, each 150 feet long, accommodating 500 . . . Map (db m156948) HM
3Virginia, Shenandoah County, Mount Jackson — A-65 — Our Soldiers’ Cemetery
The Mount Jackson Confederate Hospital’s cemetery, now called Our Soldiers Cemetery, was dedicated on May 10, 1866 the third anniversary of Stonewall Jackson’s death. The “Memorial and Decoration Day” organized by the local ladies was . . . Map (db m156950) HM
4Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Civil War StrasburgStrategic Intersection
The railroad tracks before you follow the route of the Manassas Gap Railroad, which reached Strasburg from Washington, D.C., in 1854. The line was a vital link between the Shenandoah Valley and eastern markets. Strasburg became strategically . . . Map (db m2323) HM
5Virginia, Shenandoah County, Mount Jackson — The Confederate Hospital
The Confederate Hospital was established at Mount Jackson under the direction of Dr. Andres Russell Meem by order of the Confederate Medical Department in Richmond, Virginia about September 15, 1861. Dr. Meem, a native of the area, was a graduate of . . . Map (db m156952) HM
6Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — The Great Train Raid of 1861
Jackson captured engines from Martinsburg, W.VA. and had them pulled by horse teams across the roads to Strasburg, near here, they were set on rails and sent south for the Confederate cause.Map (db m15542) HM
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7Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Cedar CreekStrategic Crossing — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Just west of modern route 11 is the Daniel Stickley Farm. The ruins of the Stickley Mills are located beside the creek just below the house. During the war, the Valley Turnpike ran past the brick Stickley house and turned right onto a covered bridge . . . Map (db m644) HM
8Virginia, Shenandoah County, Mount Jackson — Union ChurchCirca 1825 — Mt. Jackson Historic District —
Built through the efforts of Mrs. William Steenbergen, the church has served as a meeting place for Mt. Jackson churches. The cemetery represents a history of the town and its early citizens. Daniel Grey, a Revolutionary War soldier, is buried in . . . Map (db m156955) HM
9Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — A-24 — Banks’ Fort
The earthworks on the hilltop to the southwest were constructed by General Banks in the campaign of 1862.Map (db m199813) HM
10Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — Rude’s Hill
Stonewall Jackson’s camp ground April 2–16, 1862; his headquarters at the foot of this hill. Colonel John Francis Neff, Commander 33rd Regiment, Stonewall Brigade, born and buried near here.Map (db m740) HM
11Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — Rude's HillJackson at Rude’s Hill — 1962 Valley Campaign —
This old house photographed during the early 20th century and still standing about 600 yards north on the west side of the Valley Pike, was occupied at the beginning of the Civil War by a Lutheran minister, Rev. Anders R. Rude. Gen. Thomas J. . . . Map (db m836) HM
12Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Saint Paul’s Lutheran Church
Historic valley congregation, strasburg's oldest, organized by German settlers (c.1747) who first worshiped in log building just west of this site. Parish records date from 1769. Strasburg's first school conducted by the congregation and its . . . Map (db m3468) HM
13Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Stonewall's SurpriseBanks's Fort
In the spring of 1862, U.S. Army Capt. Edward Hunt, an engineer, constructed a fortification on the hill where the Strasburg water tower now stands. Hunt selected the hill "because it had an effective command over the roads, the railroad, and the . . . Map (db m9546) HM
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14Virginia, Page County, Luray — Jackson’s 2nd Corps EstablishedStonewall Dons a New Uniform
Having remained with his command in the vicinity of Winchester since the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam, by November 22, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was again on the march. With more than 32,000 soldiers, Jackson’s force made . . . Map (db m16453) HM
15Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — A-26 — Cavalry Engagement
On 15 Nov. 1863, Col. William H. Boyd reconnoitered with a Federal cavalry and artillery detachment south from Charlestown (in present-day W.Va.) toward New Market. The next day, the force encountered Maj. Robert White’s cavalry command just north . . . Map (db m157057) HM
16Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — This Rustic Pile
This rustic pile The simple tale will tell: It marks the spot Where Woodson’s Heroes fell.Map (db m544) HM
17Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — 54th Pennsylvania Monument
Erected to the memory of the heroic dead of the 54th Regiment, Pennsylvania Veterans Volunteer Infantry, who gave their lives in defence of their country. 1861–1865. (brass tablet at base) At ceremonies conducted 16 September . . . Map (db m42449) WM
18Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — The Battle of New Market
The Battle of New Market was fought here Sunday morning, May 15, 1864. The Confederates under Gen. J. C. Breckinridge were victorious over the Federals under Gen. Franz Sigel. The decisive incident of the battle was the heroic capture of the Federal . . . Map (db m182592) HM
19Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — Battle of New MarketMay 15, 1864 — Shenandoah Valley Circle Tour —
General U.S. Grant's plan to defeat the Confederacy in 1864, called for a raid by General G. Crook into southwestern Virginia. General F. Sigel, to keep the Confederates from concentrating against Crook, was to advance down Shenandoah Valley from . . . Map (db m201543) HM
20Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — A-28 — Battle of New Market
On the hills to the north took place the Battle of New Market, May 15, 1864. The Union army, under General Franz Sigel, faced southwest. John C. Breckinridge, once Vice-President of the United States, commanded the Confederates. Colonel Scott Shipp . . . Map (db m554) HM
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21Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — A Genuine Relic
This very post was struck by a 3 inch rifle shell fired by Snow’s Maryland Battery in the Battle of New Market fought between General John C. Breckinridge and General Franz Sigel on the 15th of May 1864. When the shell struck, General Breckinridge . . . Map (db m557) HM
22Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — Rude’s HillKnoll of Refuge and Attack
1864 Valley Campaign. The spring of 1864 opened with United States forces pressing Confederate armies defending fronts scattered throughout the Confederacy. Union Gen. Franz Sigel was assigned the task of securing the Shenandoah Valley; always . . . Map (db m837) HM
23Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — DuPont at Rude’s Hill“I had to depend entirely upon myself…” — 1864 Valley Campaign —
Here Capt. Henry DuPont, commanding B Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery, protected Union Gen. Franz Sigel’s defeated army as it retreated after the Battle of New Market on May 15, 1864. Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge had routed Sigel’s force . . . Map (db m838) HM
24Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — The Shirley HouseA Legacy of Service
In 1875, Confederate veteran Christian Shirley constructed this brick house on the site of his family's former home, which had burned two years earlier. The Shirleys were longtime residents of Shenandoah County who had farmed their 153 ares since . . . Map (db m7346) HM
25Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — Baptism of FireVMI Cadet Casualties in the Battle of New Market
While the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute comprised one of the smallest Confederate units engaged in the Battle of New Market, they paid a disproportionately high price in their baptism of fire. Nearly one in four of the cadets were . . . Map (db m13186) HM
26Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — The Bushong FarmCaught in the Crossfire
On June 22, 1791, Henry Bushong patented a 260-acre tract in Shenandoah County that would be home for several generations of his descendants. Henry’s son, Jacob married Sarah Strickler in 1818. They took up residence in a four-room log house and . . . Map (db m165232) HM
27Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — “Good-bye, Lieutenant, I am killed.”Woodson’s Missouri Cavalry in the Battle of New Market
In front of you is one of only two monuments erected by veterans of the battle. This one was placed by members of Woodson’s Company of Missouri Cavalry. The unit followed perhaps the strangest path to this field of conflict. Captured in . . . Map (db m13197) HM
28Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — Heroism in DefeatCaptain Henry A. DuPont and Sergeant James M. Burns
The main Union line of battle extended from here for one-half mile to the Valley Turnpike, now U.S. 11. Throughout the morning and into the afternoon, the Union force exchanged musket and cannon fire with the Confederates, who had advanced over a . . . Map (db m13203) HM
29Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — The Battle of Fishers Hill
. . . Map (db m4138) HM
30Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — Battle of Fisher's Hill
September 22, 1864 General Philip Sheridan with 30,000 Federals defeated General Jubal Early with 11,000 Confederates. Driven in route from Winchester September 19, by Sheridan's overpowering numbers, Early formed his line of battle across the . . . Map (db m4139) HM
31Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — A-22 — Battle of Fisher's Hill
After his defeat on 19 Sept. 1864 at the Third Battle of Winchester by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early led his 9,500-man army here to Fisher's Hill, a favorite Confederate stronghold. Sheridan pursued, and on 22 Sept. attacked . . . Map (db m50313) HM
32Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — A-23 — Battle of Fisher's Hill
Here Early's Adjutant-General, A.S. Pendleton, while attempting to check Sheridan's advance, was mortally wounded, September 22, 1864.Map (db m4143) HM
33Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — Fisher's Hill BattlefieldVeteran's Picnic Grounds
Soon after the end of the Civil War, veterans on both sides began holding reunions to walk the familiar battlegrounds and renew friendships with former comrades. Here at Fisher's Hill, veterans of the battle fought on September 22, 1864, started . . . Map (db m4146) HM
34Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — Fisher's HillConfederate Gibraltar — 1864 Valley Campaign —
This is Fisher's Hill, the Shenandoah Valley's "Gibraltar"—a commanding height that offered Confederate forces a superb defensive position. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's beaten and bloodied army filed into position here on September 20, . . . Map (db m4169) HM
35Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — Fisher's HillUnion Flank Attack — 1864 Valley Campaign —
You are standing behind the extreme left flank of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's thinly stretched infantry line. At 4 p.m. on September 22, 1864, the soldiers here found themselves wrapped in a deadly pocket of Federal fire. Union Gen. Philip . . . Map (db m4170) HM
36Virginia, Shenandoah County, Fishers Hill — Valley PikeTumbling Run Near Fisher's Hill
1864 Valley Campaign Here on Tumbling Run are the remains of the "Old Pike" stone bridge. The Valley Turnpike Company was chartered in 1838 as a joint-stock corporation. The turnpike followed the route of the Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia . . . Map (db m4171) HM
37Virginia, Shenandoah County, Mount Jackson — A-68 — McNeill’s Last Charge
In the predawn darkness of 3 Oct. 1864, Capt. John Hanson McNeill led thirty of his Partisan Rangers, including local resident Joseph I. Triplett, against a hundred-man detachment of the 8th Ohio Cavalry Regiment that was guarding the Meems Bottom . . . Map (db m157056) HM
38Virginia, Shenandoah County, Forestville — AB-3 — Andrew Zirkle Mill
Built in the 1750s by the Zirkel brothers and owned by the Revolutionary War patriot Andrew Zirkle, the mill operated for 180 years. Flour milled here went to Boston when the harbor was blockaded after the Boston Tea Party and to the Continental . . . Map (db m5276) HM
39Virginia, Shenandoah County, Woodstock — WoodstockExecution and “the Burning” — 1864 Valley Campaign — Reported missing
In the midst of the 1864 Valley Campaign, Woodstock bore witness to the horrors of war. Plagued by raiding parties of Confederate partisan rangers, guerrillas and bushwhackers, Union General Philip H. Sheridan issued orders by mid-August to execute . . . Map (db m214994) HM
40Virginia, Shenandoah County, Toms Brook — Toms BrookSunday, October 9th — 1864 Valley Campaign —
Sunday, October 9th During the evening of October 8, 1864, Gen. Lunsford L. Lomax reached this position with two brigades of Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. Bradley T. Johnson and Col. William L. "Mudwall" Jackson. Gen. Wesley Merritt, in . . . Map (db m182416) HM
41Virginia, Shenandoah County, Toms Brook — A-25 — Action of Toms Brook
Here Early's Cavalry under Rosser and Lomax was driven back by Sheridan's cavalry under Torbert, October 9, 1864.Map (db m50315) HM
42Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — A-19 — Trenches On Hupp’s Hill Reported permanently removed
These trenches were constructed by Sheridan in the autumn of 1864 while campaigning against Early.Map (db m645) HM
43Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Hupp's HillThe Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm — 1864 Valley Campaign —
During mid-October 1864, Union Gen. Philip Sheridan's army was camped along the north bank of Cedar Creek, confident his Valley campaign had successfully ended following smashing victories at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Toms Brook. But the . . . Map (db m3045) HM
44Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Hupp’s Hill
Part of a 1,000 acre estate begun by George F. Hupp in the 1750s. Hupp's Hill and buildings further south were used as a headquarters by federal generals Nathaniel Banks and James Shields during Stonewall Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. The site was . . . Map (db m50441) HM
45Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Field Fortifications
Those earthworks were built in October 1864 by the 2nd Division, VIth U.S. Corps under the supervision of its adjutant general, Capt. Hazard Stevens. The crescent shaped positions, called "lunettes" because of their resemblance to a new moon, were . . . Map (db m3445) HM
46Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Cedar CreekStrategic Crossing — 1864 Valley Campaign —
When Gen. U.S. Grant came East to assume command of all Union forces in 1864, he ordered Gen. Franz Sigel to seize control of the Valley. As Sigel moved south along the Valley Turnpike, Confederates on May 9, 1864, burned the bridge here delaying . . . Map (db m636) HM
47Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Frontier FortThe Old Hupp Homestead
This Frontier Fort stands in mute evidence of that early American history that has gone before us. It was built around the year 1755, and it was home of one of the first settlers to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Built at a time when the early . . . Map (db m660) HM
48Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — A-21 — Battle of Cedar Creek
The breaking of this bridge in the evening of October 19, 1864 permitted Sheridan to retake most of the material captured in the morning by Early.Map (db m3461) HM
49Virginia, Shenandoah County, Strasburg — Signal KnobKey Observation Post Reported damaged
Signal Knob, the northernmost point of Three Top Mountain, overlooks Strasburg and is 2110 ft. above sea level. During the Civil War, both sides used it as a signal station, but the Confederate signal corps occupied it almost continuously from 1862 . . . Map (db m15176) HM
50Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — A-27 — Rude’s Hill Action Reported damaged
Rude’s Hill was reached by two divisions of Sheridan’s Union cavalry following the Confederate General Jubal A. Early, on November 22, 1864. Early promptly took position on the hill to oppose them. The cavalry, charging across the flats, were . . . Map (db m50317) HM
51Virginia, Shenandoah County, New Market — A-69 — Post-Appomattox Tragedy
On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended. Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz, and two other armed veterans of Co. D, 7th Virginia Cavalry, robbed six Federal cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock. The horses were returned the . . . Map (db m15903) HM
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Mar. 28, 2023