“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Harriet Tubman Historical Markers

Harriet Tubman was a famous abolitionist and conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Tubman Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, March 1, 2019
Harriet Tubman Marker
1Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Harriet Tubman(born Araminta Harriet Ross; 1820 - March 10, 1913)
"I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other." Born on Maryland's eastern shore, Harriet Tubman's family of eleven suffered the . . . Map (db m130473) HM
2Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Big QuarterlyRiverfront Wilmington
"For the sake of peace, love, and nothing but that..." referring to the break with the Asbury Methodist Church of Wilmington, Reverend Peter Spencer The August Quarterly, originally known as the Big Quarterly, is the oldest . . . Map (db m130484) HM
3Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Underground RailroadRiverfront Wilmington
"I write to let thee know that Harriet Tubman is again in these parts…" Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 1, 1860
The Underground Railroad was a network of people—whites, free . . . Map (db m168336) HM
4Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — SC-233 — Gateway to Freedom: The Tilly Escape
In October 1856, famed Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman organized what is considered by Tubman scholars to be "one of her most complicated and clever escape attempts." Working at the request of a fiancé who had escaped to Canada, Tubman . . . Map (db m138271) HM
5District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Harriet Tubman circa 1820 - 1913The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
Harriet Tubman escaped a life of slavery only to return south, at her own peril, time and again, to lead more than 300 fugitive slaves through the Underground Railroad to safety and freedom. After the Civil War, Tubman raised money to clothe and . . . Map (db m91877) HM
6Kansas (Linn County), Mound City — Fort MontgomeryReplica built in 2000
Original cabin/fort built in 1855 five miles west of Mound City. The original building was the second cabin owned by James Montgomery as the first one was burned by proslavery Missouri Border Ruffians. The logs were placed vertically on the . . . Map (db m93375) HM
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7Maryland (Baltimore), Upton — Building Community OrganizationsPennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trail
In the 1930s, Old West Baltimore matured into a self-sustaining, thriving community that nurtured the mind, body and spirit. Old West Baltimore was home to many churches, shops, professional offices, banks and financial institutions, educational . . . Map (db m168766) HM
8Maryland (Caroline County), Choptank — 25 — Choptank LandingEscape from Poplar Neck — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
While the Choptank River could pose a troublesome barrier to those without a boat, others used the river as a path to freedom. Josiah Bailey, an enslaved logger and shipbuilder, rowed six miles up the river. His destination was Poplar Neck, . . . Map (db m79172) HM
9Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — Maryland's Eastern ShoreHundreds of Enslaved and Free Black Men Enlisted
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties. In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here . . . Map (db m113505) HM
10Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — 30 — William Still CenterFamilies Divided & United — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
William Still’s mother Sidney and several of his siblings lived in a cottage on the plantation where they were enslaved. Sidney escaped with her children to join her husband in New Jersey, but she was soon recaptured and returned to Maryland. . . . Map (db m79313) HM
11Maryland (Caroline County), Harmony — “Sailing Away to Freedom”Gilpin Point — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Gilpin’s Point was one of the busiest wharves along the Choptank River in Caroline County where steamboats and sailing vessels transported people, timber, agricultural products, and seafood. It sat just upriver from Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s . . . Map (db m79311) HM
12Maryland (Caroline County), Jumptown — 35 — Adkins ArboretumSlavery's Arboretum — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
The forests and waterways of the Eastern Shore, traditional land of the Choptank and Nanticoke Indians, provided the backup for the austere home life, backbreaking labor, and dramatic escapes of enslaved blacks. Hundreds of acres of white . . . Map (db m113807) HM
13Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Escape from Poplar NeckHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Harriet Tubman’s parents, Rit and Ben Ross, moved to Poplar Neck in 1847. Her father worked as a lumber foreman on Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s 2,200 heavily forested acres. Harriet probably made her first escape from this place in 1849, and she . . . Map (db m79173) HM
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14Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — 24 — Linchester MillLiving Dangerously — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Daily life at and around Linchester Mill provided fertile yet dangerous ground for those seeking freedom. The mill, a general store, post office and homes at this site brought whites and blacks, free and enslaved, into regular contact. . . . Map (db m79299) HM
15Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Mt. Pleasant CemeteryDangerous Rendezvous — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
After Quakers sold their meetinghouse to the local black community in 1849, the new owners established Mt. Pleasant Methodist Episcopal Church. The original church building has since burned, but the modern day congregation still uses the . . . Map (db m79178) HM
16Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — The Underground RailroadSeed of War
Among the factors that contributed to the coming of the Civil War was the increasing animosity between Southerners and Northerners over the issue of slavery. The operation of the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape to the free North and . . . Map (db m5411) HM
17Maryland (Cecil County), North East — Maryland Women in Military Service MonumentDedicated 2014
Honoring women from the State of Maryland, past and present, who have served our nation honorably and proudly, in war and peace. Notable Accomplishments of Women in Military Service Although women have served as true volunteers in a . . . Map (db m145479) HM WM
18Maryland (Dorchester County), Bucktown — Finding Freedom
The Call of Freedom In the mid-19th century, 8,000 African Americans lived in Dorchester County. Roughly half were slaves; most of the rest worked as free laborers. Enslaved blacks, free blacks, and abolitionist whites worked together to . . . Map (db m3959) HM
19Maryland (Dorchester County), Bucktown — Finding FreedomThe Call of Freedom
Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the mid-1800s. The famed . . . Map (db m126550) HM
20Maryland (Dorchester County), Bucktown — Harriet Tubman1820-1913
The "Moses of her People", Harriett Tubman of the Bucktown District found freedom for herself and some three hundred other slaves whom she led north. In the Civil War she served the Union army as a nurse, scout and spy.Map (db m3956) HM
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21Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Born To Be FreeSlavery — 1820 —
Harriet Tubman, known as "Minty", was born to Rittia 'Rit' Green Ross, her mother, and Benjamin 'Ben' Ross, her father. Ben and Rit Ross were both enslaved (but to different owners) at the time of Harriet's birth. The number of Harriet Tubman's . . . Map (db m109922) HM
22Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Civil War: Abolitionist, Scout, Spy and NurseCivil War Era — 1858 - 1865 —
The Slavery Conflict Deepens During the 1850's the deep-rooted conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery Americans intensified. The 'abolitionists' were united around the common long-run goal of abolishing slavery. But they differed . . . Map (db m109916) HM
23Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Finding Freedom
The Call of Freedom Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the . . . Map (db m3964) HM
24Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — 2 — Harriet Tubman Memorial GardenCelebrating an Icon — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
The local community, joined by others across the nation, honors its native daughter, Harriet Ross Tubman. Her memory endures through artistic expression in works of literature, music, sculpture, paint, photography, performance, and more. . . . Map (db m109915) HM
25Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Joe Bailey Shakes the Lion's PawUnderground Railroad — 1849 - 1858 —
Harriet Tubman led many slaves from Dorchester County to Canada (via the suspension bridge at Niagara Falls). One trip with "fugitive slaves" occurred in November 1856, when Tubman conducted Josia (Joe) Bailey, William Bailey, Peter Pennington . . . Map (db m109913) HM
26Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Maryland's Eastern ShoreHundreds of Enslaved and Free Black Men Enlisted
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties. In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here . . . Map (db m8331) HM
27Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Maryland's Eastern ShoreFaced with Decisions
Welcome to Dorchester County! When the Civil War intruded into quiet communities, residents here, as elsewhere on the Eastern Shore, faced difficult choices. Before the war, enslaved African Americans here began escaping bondage via the . . . Map (db m190251) HM
28Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — 7 — Stanley InstituteRacing to Freedom — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
In October 1857, ten years before Stanley Institute was established two large groups of enslaved families successfully fled this area. Caroline and Daniel Stanley and their six children escaped with Nat and Lizzie Amby and six others. Two . . . Map (db m114843) HM
29Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Station Stops: The Underground RailroadUnderground Railroad — 1849 - 1858 —
William Still William Still (1821- 1902) was born in Burlington New Jersey. His parents had been enslaved on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. To escape slavery, William Still’s parents and their young daughter fled to New Jersey before . . . Map (db m117270) HM
30Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — The Post War YearsTwilight Years — 1865 - 1913 —
Insult and Injury on the Train to New York The Civil War ended in April 1865. The irony of the situation added insult to injury. She had dedicated her life for three years, at great personal risk to the Union cause. Now a railroad . . . Map (db m109919) HM
31Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, one of over 560 national wildlife refuges, provides critical habitats for native plants and wildlife. The 17 acres that for the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park are surrounded by the . . . Map (db m114439) HM
32Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — Finding FreedomNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
The Call of Freedom Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of “stations” and “conductors” assisting hundreds of enslaved African Americans to reach . . . Map (db m78804) HM
33Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway
Explore the scenic byway, follow the path to freedom and discover Harriet Tubman's rich history. Experience extraordinary stories of courage along the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway. With unspoiled landscapes virtually unchanged . . . Map (db m114437) HM
34Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center
Discover the extraordinary life and legacy of Harriet Tubman in the landscape of her childhood and early adult life. Harriet Ross Tubman, an American legendary human rights advocate and suffragist, was born in enslaved in Dorchester . . . Map (db m114438) HM
35Maryland (Dorchester County), East New Market — 22 — Faith Community UMC ChurchLiving a Double Life — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
During the 1840s and 1850s, the locals knew Reverend Samuel Green as a literate, highly respected Methodist Episcopal preacher and community leader. His church once stood here on land donated in 1843 by free woman Sarah Young. While the building . . . Map (db m79150) HM
36Maryland (Dorchester County), Madison — 10 — MadisonPreparing for Freedom — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Harriet Tubman spent her formative years in and around Madison, once called Tobaccostick. As a young woman, she worked for Joseph Stewart in his home and fields, until she joined her father Ben Ross in Stewart’s lumber harvesting operation. . . . Map (db m126562) HM
37Maryland (Dorchester County), Madison — 9 — Malone's ChurchTies that Bind — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Harriet Tubman was born nearby on Harrisville Road at the Anthony Thompson plantation around 1822, where Thompson enslaved her father, Ben Ross, and about 40 other people. While Tubman’s roots began near here, she moved to Bucktown during her . . . Map (db m126547) HM
38Maryland (Dorchester County), Taylors Island — 12 — New Revived ChurchFamily & Faith Connections — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Founded in 1876 as Jefferson Methodist Episcopal Church, New Revived United Methodist Church was one of five African American congregations established in this vicinity between 1864 and 1880. These churches were rooted in faith communities that . . . Map (db m78782) HM
39Maryland (Dorchester County), Vienna — The African American Story in the Indian Town
“When I am homesick, I just call up rene in my dreams and I’am right back home in the Indian Town.” Gloria Robinson Walter.
It is clear that from the early days on both white and black families lived in the Indiantown . . . Map (db m66602) HM
40Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Centreville — Maryland's Eastern ShoreHundreds of Enslaved and Free Black Men Enlisted
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties. In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here . . . Map (db m21455) HM
41Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Chester — Maryland's Eastern ShoreHundreds of Enslaved and Free Black Men Enlisted
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties. In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here began . . . Map (db m8329) HM
42Maryland (Talbot County), Unionville — UnionvilleFounded to Honor their Service
From the beginning of the Civil War, Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman urged President Abraham Lincoln to allow blacks to enlist in the U.S. Army and fight for their freedom. On May 22, 1863, General Orders 143 were issued stating "A Bureau is . . . Map (db m61390) HM
43Maryland (Wicomico County), Salisbury — Harriet Tubmanc. 1821 - 1913
"The midnight sky and the silent stars have been the witness of your devotion to freedom and of your heroism," wrote fellow abolitionist and Eastern Shore native Frederick Douglass of Harriet Tubman. A Civil War nurse, scout, spy, military . . . Map (db m51021) HM
44Maryland (Worcester County), Pocomoke City — Maryland's Eastern ShoreHundreds of Enslaved and Free Black Men Enlisted
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties. In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here . . . Map (db m51130) HM
45Mississippi (Itawamba County), Fulton — Underground Railroad Bicycle Route
Front The 2,006.5-mile Underground Railroad Bicycle Route (UGRR) was created by the nonprofit organization Adventure Cycling Association. From Mobile, Alabama, to Owen Sound, Ontario, the trail memorializes the Underground Railroad, a . . . Map (db m102972) HM
46New Jersey (Cumberland County), Greenwich — Welcome to Greenwich Township
Greenwich was the principal colonial settlement of Cumberland County, serving as one of New Jersey’s first official ports-of-entry under British rule. While other early settlers, primarily Dutch and Swedish, were the first Europeans to explore this . . . Map (db m92316) HM
47New York (Albany County), Watervliet — The Nalle RescueApril 27, 1860
Near this site on Broadway, Charles Nalle, a fugitive slave from Culpepper, Virginia, was rescued from slave catchers by Harriet Tubman and citizens of Troy and West Troy (Watervliet), completing an epic struggle begun in Troy.Map (db m42015) HM
48New York (Cayuga County), Auburn — Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman was a "conductor" on the Underground Railroad, a network of abolitionists who spirited blacks to freedom. A fugitive slave herself, she made some nineteen return trips to rescue as many as 300 slaves from bondage.Map (db m145856) HM
49New York (Cayuga County), Auburn — In Memory of Harriet Tubman
In memory of Harriet Tubman. Born a slave in Maryland about 1821. Died in Auburn, N.Y. March 10th, 1913. Called the "Moses" of her people during the Civil War. With rare courage, she led over three hundred negroes up from slavery to freedom and . . . Map (db m88356) HM
50New York (Cayuga County), Auburn — 10 — Pomeroy
Hon. Theodore Medad Pomeroy (1824-1905) was born in Cayuga to Rev. Medad Pomeroy and Lillian Maxwell. His father moved the family to Elridge where Theodore studied at Munro Academy under Lemuel S. Pomeroy. A graduate of Hamilton College, Theodore . . . Map (db m88309) HM
51New York (Cayuga County), Brutus — Conduit For IdeasThe Canalway Trail
The Erie Canal tied together western New York and became a conduit for ideas as well as for commerce. Seneca Falls was the site of the first Women's Sufferage convention, organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott in 1848 to advocate . . . Map (db m83670) HM
52New York (Cayuga County), Fleming — Harriet Tubman
Served Underground Railroad. Frequented this site after the Civil War.Map (db m88408) HM
53New York (Erie County), Buffalo — A Melting PotMichigan Avenue Heritage Corridor
The Michigan Avenue Corridor was founded to preserve the roots of freedom and the heritage of Buffalo's East Side. Byron W. Brown, Mayor. City of Buffalo Office of Strategic Planning, Timothy J. Wanamaker, Executive Director. From its earliest . . . Map (db m81227) HM
54New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Frederick Douglass Home Site
Underground Railroad Sites Rochester's proximity to Lake Ontario afforded runaway slaves a direct route to freedom in Canada. Hundreds of runaway slaves were "conducted" from one "station" to another along this secret network of escape routes . . . Map (db m65156) HM
55New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Underground Railroad
The upriver ports of Carthage and Kelsey's Landing were stopping places for boats bound for Canada. Escaped slaves arrived in Rochester via the "Underground Railroad" and looked for a friendly captain to take them across the lake and deliver them . . . Map (db m90608) HM
56New York (New York County), New York — Swing Low: Harriet Tubman MemorialHarriet Tubman Triangle
This larger-than-life bronze sculpture depicts abolitionist organizer and Underground Railroad leader Harriet Tubman (c. 1822-1913), and stands at the crossroads of St. Nicholas Avenue, West 122nd Street and Frederick Douglass Boulevard in Harlem. . . . Map (db m105284) HM
57New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — A Bridge to Freedom"There was now but 'one wide river to cross'..."
A Bridge to Freedom "There was now but 'one wide river to cross'..." In the 1800s, Western New York was one of the main ending points of the Underground Railroad. This "railroad" was a secret system of people and places that helped . . . Map (db m93027) HM
58New York (Onondaga County), Syracuse — The Jerry Rescue
In 1827, the State of New York was among the first in the Union to abolish slavery. By the mid-1800's, Syracuse was known nationally as a hub of anti-slavery activity. Harriet Tubman, Gerrit Smith, the Rev. Samuel J. May, and the Rev. Jermain W. . . . Map (db m138797) HM
59New York (Rensselaer County), Troy — A Panoramic View of American History
We want our many visitors to realize that they are looking at one of the single most important broad overviews of American history anywhere in the country! What you see before you is the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers and "...most . . . Map (db m32346) HM
60New York (Rensselaer County), Troy — The Rescue of Charles Nalle
Here was begun April 27, 1860 The Rescue of Charles Nalle an escaped slave who had been arrested under the Fugitive Slave Act Map (db m42014) HM
61Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Bristol — Harriet Ross TubmanAbolitionist - American Hero — circa 1820 - 1913 —
Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in 1849. She fled to Philadelphia where, as a conductor on the Underground Railroad, she made 19 sorties into the South, liberating over 300 slaves. Ms. Tubman also served as a spy and nurse for the Union Army . . . Map (db m31308) HM
62Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Susquehanna Township — Pennsylvania Slavery
Slavery was entwined with Pennsylvania’s earliest colonial history. Governor William Penn, founder of the colony in 1681, owned eleven enslaved people. A century later, Pennsylvania passed the 1780 Gradual Emancipation law. This allowed for the . . . Map (db m85972) HM
63Pennsylvania (Delaware County), Upper Darby Township — Thomas Garrett(1789-1871)
Born at Riverview, near here, Garrett was a prominent abolitionist and Underground Railroad activist. He moved to Wilmington, DE in 1822, and sent many fugitive slaves to his brothers at Riverview, Fernland Farms, and here at Thornfield. He was a . . . Map (db m67355) HM
64South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Mitchelville and Abolitionists
Interest in the freedom seekers of Mitchelville and the surrounding areas led to an outpouring of assistance from Northern missionaries and abolitionists. They organized and sent aid and teachers. Newspaper reporters came to document conditions . . . Map (db m105263) HM
65South Carolina (Beaufort County), Tar Bluff near Sheldon — 7-39 — Combahee River Raid / Freedom Along The Combahee
Combahee River Raid On June 1-2, 1863, a Federal Force consisting of elements of the 2nd S.C. Volunteer Infantry (an African- American unit) and the 3rd Rhode Island Artillery conducted a raid up the Confederate-held Combahee River. . . . Map (db m66105) HM
66Virginia, Hampton — Contraband HospitalSite of Contraband Hospital — Fort Monroe —
The "Contraband" Hospital at Fort Monroe was constructed in 1863 on Ingalls Road to treat the wounded and sick former enslaved men, women and children. Harriet Tubman would serve here as a nurse and cook for several months.Map (db m166645) HM
67Virginia, Petersburg — African-Americans in Petersburg
The Petersburg area has an extraordinarily rich African-American heritage. In 1625, most of the Africans in Virginia were servants at Flowerdew Hundred, nearby in Prince George County. In the 18th century, tens of thousands of newly enslaved . . . Map (db m57366) HM
68Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — BME ChurchNational Historic Site
The Salem Chapel, British Methodist Episcopal Church was the first Black church in St. Catharines. Originally known as the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the name was changed to reflect their loyalty to the British Empire. In 1793, the . . . Map (db m75867) HM
69Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — Harriet Ross Tubman c. 1820-1913
A legendary conductor on the Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman became known as the "Moses" of her people. Tubman was born into slavery on a Maryland plantation and suffered brutal treatment from numerous owners before escaping in 1849. Over the . . . Map (db m75868) HM
70Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — Harriet Tubman
After the passing of the USA 1850 Fugitive Slave Law she said, "I wouldn't trust Uncle Sam with my people no longer: I brought them all clear off to Canada."Map (db m75869) HM
71Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — Harriet Tubman(c. 1822-1913)
Born on a Maryland plantation, Harriet Tubman escaped slavery to become one of the great heroes of the 19th century. The most famous "conductor" on the Underground Railroad, she courageously led many of the people she rescued from American slavery . . . Map (db m75870) HM
72Ontario (Niagara Region), St. Catharines — Salem Chapel, British Methodist Episcopal Church
Salem Chapel, built in 1855, was an important centre of 19th-century abolitionist and civil rights activity in Canada. Harriet Tubman, the famous Underground Railroad "conductor", lived near here from 1851 to 1858 and is traditionally associated . . . Map (db m75873) HM
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Oct. 7, 2022