“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Railroads & Streetcars Topic

These results were compiled earlier today.
Bay Minette, Alabama Marker (side 2) image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, January 14, 2017
Bay Minette, Alabama Marker (side 2)
1 Alabama, Baldwin County, Bay Minette — Bay Minette, Alabama
Side 1 In 1860, the center of commerce in Baldwin County ran along the rivers with the remainder of the county mostly wilderness. In 1861, with secession declared, the Alabama Legislature allocated funds to finish the stalled Mobile . . . Map (db m100846) HM
2 Alabama, Baldwin County, Foley — City of Foley
The City of Foley was founded in 1905 by John B. Foley of Chicago. Mr. Foley, who was in the pharmaceutical business, heard about this area from a railroad land agent as they traveled to President William McKinley's funeral in 1901. Mr. Foley . . . Map (db m188732) HM
3 Alabama, Baldwin County, Summerdale — Sonora Community / Sonora School and Community Hall
Sonora Community The community of Sonora was named in 1901 by the wife of the first postmaster, G.L. Sharretts. Situated near Red Hill Ford on Baker Branch and the intersection of travel routes between Silverhill, Magnolia Springs, Marlow . . . Map (db m130878) HM
4 Alabama, Barbour County, Clio — Clio, AlabamaClio, Alabama Incorporated July 17, 1890
The Central of Georgia Railroad completed a track spur connecting Eufaula, Alabama and Ozark, Alabama in the spring, 1890. The present site of Clio, Alabama was originally a water station known as Adkison Head. Old Clio was a small settlement with a . . . Map (db m200616) HM
5 Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula — Central Railroad of Georgia Freight Depot
The Southwestern Railroad of Georgia was the first rail line to connect with Eufaula when the railroad bridge between Georgetown, Georgia and Eufaula was completed in late 1865. In 1867 the Vicksburg & Brunswick Railroad Company was formed to build . . . Map (db m48624) HM
6 Alabama, Bibb County, West Blocton — The Railway System
The railway system was an important part of the iron and steel industry and the operation of the Blocton coke ovens. The ovens were constructed with rails on top for the charging car, often called a larry. There were rails between each row of ovens . . . Map (db m215680) HM
7 Alabama, Blount County, Oneonta — Historic Oneonta L & N Railroad Depot
Starting in 1889, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, also known as the Birmingham Mineral Railroad, began railroad freight and passenger service to Oneonta with the completion of the rail line from Boyles Railroad Yard near Birmingham to the . . . Map (db m38894) HM
8 Alabama, Blount County, Oneonta — Welcome to Oneonta
The origin and development of Oneonta was due to the coming of the Birmingham Mineral Railroad, a part of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Because of the presence of iron ore, limestone and coal in the area, there was always a great potential . . . Map (db m156406) HM
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9 Alabama, Butler County, Georgiana — City of Georgiana / GA~ANA TheatreFounded in 1855 / Opened 1939
City of Georgiana Founded in 1855 Early settlers moved from Virginia, the Carolinas, Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia into the deep forests of southern Butler County. In 1855, the Rev. Pitt S. Milner established a home-stead and post . . . Map (db m86265) HM
10 Alabama, Butler County, Greenville — West Commerce Street Historic District/Historic Greenville Depot
Side 1 West Commerce Street Historic District The completion of the railroad in the late 1850s brought this District into being. The District grew into a major trade center between Montgomery and Mobile. The capital accumulated . . . Map (db m70753) HM
11 Alabama, Butler County, Searcy — Searcy School House / Searcy Community
Searcy School House was built in 1922, six miles north of Greenville, Alabama. This historic building is one of the few original wood-frame school houses remaining in Butler County. Considered state of the art for its day, it was built by men of . . . Map (db m191642) HM
12 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1208 Walnut Avenuec. 1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217296) HM
13 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1 — Southern Railway Station AttackJanuary 2, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Local "Jim Crow" laws in the first half of the 20th century enforced racial segregation in public transportation facilities throughout the South. The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Boynton v. Virginia (1960) upheld that segregation in these . . . Map (db m106602) HM
14 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — Chief Ladiga Trail - Jacksonville
The Chief Ladiga Trail was named for a Creek Indian leader who signed the Cusseta Treaty in 1832. Under the terms of that agreement, the Creeks gave up claim to their remaining lands in northeast Alabama. Because he had signed the treaty, Ladiga was . . . Map (db m36438) HM
15 Alabama, Calhoun County, Jacksonville — The DepotChief Ladiga Trail
The Depot was constructed in 1860 by the Selma, Rome and Dalton (GA) Railroad. It was used as a transfer and storage point for Confederate troops and materials during the War Between the States.Map (db m36443) HM
16 Alabama, Calhoun County, Oxford — Historic Oxford
First incorporated as a town, February 7, 1852, in Benton County, Oxford's second incorporation was approved February 21, 1860 in Calhoun County. Long before this territory was “settled”, it was inhabited by Creek Indians. In the time . . . Map (db m106589) HM
17 Alabama, Calhoun County, Piedmont — The Alabama Tennessee River Railroad
The Alabama Tennessee River Railroad was chartered by the Alabama legislature in the session of 1836-1837. Work was begun at Selma in 1851 and the rails reached Blue Mountain in 1861. Work was terminated during the War Between the States. In . . . Map (db m27995) HM
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18 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Coe Incline
In 1902, a coal mine was opened at Lake Lahusage in neighboring DeKalb County. The mined coal was carried by a "dinky line" to the brow of Lookout Mountain at Five Points in Cherokee County. The TAG railroad built a spur line about 2½ miles in . . . Map (db m202239) HM
19 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — Gaylesville
Post Office est. in 1836. During the Civil War, the main body of U.S. General William Tecumseh Sherman's Army camped around the town in October 1864. A private home served as his headquarters. Despite pleas from citizens, his troops burned the mill . . . Map (db m114532) HM
20 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — History of Taff, Alabama
Cherokee County established - 1836 Area Cherokee Indians relocated - 1838 Taff Community established - 1842 Community named in honor of Taff family - 1842 Union and Confederate soldiers occupied the area - 1864 Taff post office established . . . Map (db m114743) HM
21 Alabama, Cherokee County, Gaylesville — W.P. Brown & Sons Lumber Company
In February 1937, W.P. Brown & Sons Lumber Co. signed a contract with Alabama Power for an estimated 20,000,000 feet of saw timber. The south end of Brown's property is located 1,000 feet back of this marker and extended northward ¾ mile. Brown . . . Map (db m114741) HM
22 Alabama, Cherokee County, Leesburg — Leesburg
The town's name was derived from the name of the Henslee Family which were early settlers in the community. A post office was established in 1837. The Rome & Decatur Railroad (later Southern Railway) began rail service through the town in 1888. The . . . Map (db m114747) HM
23 Alabama, Cherokee County, Leesburg — Tennessee, Alabama & Georgia Railway
Completed in 1891 as the Chattanooga Southern Railway, the line ran 91.7 miles from Chattanooga to Gadsden. It was re-organized as the TA&G in 1911. From 1922 until 1951, the "scooter" motor car handled passenger service on the line. The railroad . . . Map (db m114744) HM
24 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Rock Run Furnace
Put into blast on June 1, 1874, the furnace would change ownership two times prior to being purchased by the Bass Foundry and Machine Co. of Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1880. A rail spur was built from the furnace to Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad at . . . Map (db m114842) HM
25 Alabama, Cherokee County, Spring Garden — Spring Garden
Was originally named Ambersonville after one of the early families that settled the community. A post office was established in 1842 as Liberty and changed to Spring Garden in 1844. The Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad began rail service through the . . . Map (db m114959) HM
26 Alabama, Chilton County, Marbury — Steam Locomotive Bellc. 1905
This bell was salvaged from Frisco Railroad steam locomotive No. 734, built in 1905 and scrapped during the early 1950's. It was donated to Confederate Park by Alf Miller Israel Thompson in memory of Pvt. L. Israel, Co E, 19th Alabama Infantry . . . Map (db m129335) HM
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27 Alabama, Clarke County, Thomasville — Thomasville's Early History
Side 1 In the summer of 1887, a notice was published confirming that the route for the Mobile and West Alabama Railroad would be the Choctaw Corner route. Soon the sounds of building could be heard over the swamp that was the . . . Map (db m101601) HM
28 Alabama, Clarke County, Whatley — Whatley, Alabama
Front Originally home to Creek and Choctaw Indians, Whatley was first settled by pioneers about 1808. Some of the most famous events in Clarke County’s history happened in or near Whatley. A Creek War battle occurred here in 1812 at Fort . . . Map (db m110971) HM
29 Alabama, Coffee County, Enterprise — Enterprise Depot
This building was built in 1903 with additions in 1916 and 1997. The first freight shipments and passengers came here on the Alabama Midland railroad in 1898 immediately after construction of the roadbed. That was also the year when most of the . . . Map (db m30307) HM
30 Alabama, Colbert County, Sheffield — History of Sheffield
Side A Prehistoric man arrived in this area bout 10,000 years ago. Later Indian cultures left many stone artifacts and pottery vessels. In the 1780s, a French trading post and Indian village were located near the mouth of Spring Creek. . . . Map (db m83389) HM
31 Alabama, Colbert County, Sheffield — Old Railroad Bed
Side A Ashe Boulevard was built on the early railroad bed which connected Florence and Southport to the main railroad line in Tuscumbia. Trains first traveled along the railroad bed and across the Tennessee River in 1858 after the Memphis . . . Map (db m39237) HM
32 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — Colbert County Courthouse Square District
22 structures, first Northwest Alabama historic district placed on National Register of Historic Places (1973): Courthouse, erected 1881, shows Italianate and Greek Revival influences. Fifth Street, Commercial Row, seven adjoining brick structures . . . Map (db m28584) HM
33 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — History of Tuscumbia, Alabama
(Obverse): The area around the Big Spring was inhabited by prehistoric Native Americans as early as 10,000 years ago. The first settlement was a French trading post and Indian village about 1780 on Cold Water Creek (Spring Creek) near the . . . Map (db m83396) HM
34 Alabama, Colbert County, Tuscumbia — Tuscumbia Railway First Railroad west of Alleghenies
First Railroad west of Alleghenies 1832 ~ begun here; completed to Decatur, 45 miles east, in 1834. Cotton shipped by this line around nearby Muscle Shoals, then by boat down Tennessee ~ Mississippi R to world markets. 1851 ~ expanded to . . . Map (db m28413) HM
35 Alabama, Conecuh County, Evergreen — The Louisville and Nashville DepotEvergreen, Alabama — Built in 1907 —
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m203711) HM
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36 Alabama, Conecuh County, Repton — Historic and Beautiful Repton
Side 1 In the early 1900s, Repton was a bustling railroad town along the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Among other businesses, it boasted several hotels, banks, stores, a livery stable, cotton gin and the only hospital with a Board . . . Map (db m100840) HM
37 Alabama, Covington County, Opp — The Depot / Opp, Alabama
The Depot In 1900, the L&N Railroad won the right to establish the railroad through this area. The town is named for Henry Opp, who represented L&N in successful legal negotiations. The coming of the railroad consolidated the surrounding areas . . . Map (db m39777) HM
38 Alabama, Covington County, River Falls — The Horse Shoe Lumber Company / River Falls Power Company
The Horse Shoe Lumber Company E.L. More, president of the A&F Division of the L&N Railroad, arrived in River Falls from Nashville in 1897 to spearhead the construction of a branch line of the L&N. Recognizing a business opportunity in the . . . Map (db m154408) HM
39 Alabama, Crenshaw County, Rutledge — Rutledge
Rutledge was the first county seat of Crenshaw County and held that position from March 1867 to May 1893. Originally called Barber’s Cross Roads, it was briefly named Crenshaw; but June 10, 1867, it was changed to Rutledge in honor of Captain Henry . . . Map (db m72053) HM
40 Alabama, Cullman County, Cullman — Cullman Railroad Depot
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad Company completed building this Mission Style depot in 1913. When the tracks were laid below ground level, it replaced Cullman's first station located on First Avenue at Third Street, SW. Passenger service . . . Map (db m29975) HM
41 Alabama, Cullman County, Cullman — Evangelical Protestant Church
The first church in the City of Cullman was established on this block of land donated by the North and South Railroad in February 1874. Lots 154, 155, and 181 were granted to Henry Dietz, August Henning, and George Stoback as trustees of the . . . Map (db m33841) HM
42 Alabama, Cullman County, Hanceville — History of a Name
Side 1 Old Indian trails leading to the Mulberry River were still fresh when a few dirt farmers began to settle just west of what is now Hanceville. From the beginning a steady stream of settlers, many of whom were German and Irish . . . Map (db m156413) HM
43 Alabama, Dale County, Ozark — Atlantic Coast Line Depot
(side 1) The Atlantic Coast Line (ACL) Depot once stood behind Broad Street, nestled close to the tracks between Depot Avenue and Depot Lane. The Alabama Midland Railway, later known as the Atlantic Coast Line, completed its tracks across . . . Map (db m132528) HM
44 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Civil War Prison
In 1858, the railroad company graded away an Indian mound that stood here. A brick warehouse was built in its place. From 1863 - 1865 the Confederate government used this warehouse to hold captured Federal Soldiers. You are standing on a pile of . . . Map (db m22666) HM
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45 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Commissary - R.R. Depot Reported permanently removed
This cellar was under Joseph Babcock's brick store. During the Civil War the building was used as a commissary. Babcock's warehouse and cotton shed were located to your right on the bluff overlooking the river. The family home, kitchen, and . . . Map (db m23287) HM
46 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Railroad Depot and Commissary
Brick Store to Depot In 1858, the Cahaba, Marion and Greensboro Railroad company laid train tracks down Capitol Street so bales of cotton could be transported from distant plantations to warehouses in Cahaba. From the warehouses, the cotton . . . Map (db m150848) HM
47 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Saltmarsh Hall Reported permanently removed
In the late 1850s, Cahaba experienced a building boom. Everyone expected the town to prosper because of the new railroad. One of the first large brick structures built in this prosperous period was completed in 1856 by Dr. Saltmarsh. He . . . Map (db m23009) HM
48 Alabama, Dallas County, Cahaba — Site of Alabama's Statehouse1820 - 1825
This structure collapsed in 1833 and its fallen remains were reportedly heaped into a railroad embankment. Consequently, we have no picture of the Statehouse that was drawn by someone who actually saw the building. Any modern picture you see of this . . . Map (db m75909) HM
49 Alabama, Dallas County, Selma — Arsenal Anvil
Anvil used in Selma’s Confederate Arsenal to make armament for Southern forces. Presented to Sturdivant Museum Association April 1, 1961 by the Southern Railway Company which as the Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad Company purchased the anvil . . . Map (db m37690) HM
50 Alabama, DeKalb County, Fort Payne — Boom Town Historic District
Around 1889-1891 Fort Payne experienced a great industrial boom due to promotion by New England investors who speculated greatly on the area’s mineral deposits. During this period several highly ornate commercial and civic buildings, along with the . . . Map (db m28027) HM
51 Alabama, Elmore County, Wetumpka — Wetumpka L&N Depot
The Louisville & Nashville Depot was built in Wetumpka in 1906 and exemplifies the L&N plan for small town depots. The station served as a passenger and freight depot until service was terminated in the 1930s and as a freight depot until 1973. In . . . Map (db m83724) HM
52 Alabama, Escambia County, Atmore — Canoe Station
Settled by A.J. Hall in 1852 and occupied by Confederate troops because of its value as a railroad stop during the War Between the States (1861-65), Canoe was the site of a March 27, 1865 encampment of Union forces. The 1870s brought expansion . . . Map (db m72265) HM
53 Alabama, Escambia County, Atmore — 129 — Railroad Bill — Legends & Lore —
Immortalized in folksongs, outlaw Morris Slater robbed L&N trains, gave to poor, long evading capture. Killed near here in 1896.Map (db m191630) HM
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54 Alabama, Escambia County, Atmore — Williams Station, Alabama 1866-1897 / Atmore, Alabama
Williams Station, Alabama 1866-1897 Creek Indians lived in these parts some 200 years before trains began stopping here in 1866 to leave supplies for a farmer, William Larkin Williams, who lived nearby. Workers, who came first to build . . . Map (db m154553) HM
55 Alabama, Escambia County, Brewton — Hart Station
Erected by his friends and the Escambia County Bar Association in memory of James Edward Hart, Jr. (1942 – 1992), who contributed much to his community, his church and his profession. He loved trains. Due to his efforts, passenger service . . . Map (db m39033) HM
56 Alabama, Escambia County, Flomaton — Flomaton, Alabama
Front As railroads were reconstructed following the Civil War, a junction of north-south and east-west lines was established along the Alabama-Florida border near the confluence of Big Escambia Creek and the Conecuh-Escambia River. A . . . Map (db m47484) HM
57 Alabama, Escambia County, Pollard — Francis B. Bonifay Law Office
This is the site of Francis B. "Frank" Bonifay's law office. Bonifay was the first Probate Judge of Escambia County Alabama 1869 - 1870. Jesse Howard was elected in 1871 and served for a short time but resigned and Bonifay served from 1870 - 1874. . . . Map (db m130674) HM
58 Alabama, Escambia County, Pollard — Pollard Station
William Henry Chase, a Massachusetts born captain in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers came to Pensacola, Florida in 1826 to supervise the construction of the network of harbor fortifications for the defense of the newly authorized Navy Yard. His . . . Map (db m130676) HM
59 Alabama, Escambia County, Pollard — Site of Pollard
Located 1½ miles south, town of Pollard established 1861 at juncture of Alabama & Florida and Mobile & Great Northern railroads. Named for Charles T. Pollard, builder of Alabama & Florida Railroad. One of largest military training camps of . . . Map (db m84371) HM
60 Alabama, Etowah County, Attalla — “The Junction”Attalla
For thousands of years, two important Indian trade routes ran across what was to become Etowah County. The “High Town Path” ran from Charlestown, S.C. west to the Mississippi River, near Memphis, TN. The “Creek Path” begins . . . Map (db m39226) HM
61 Alabama, Fayette County, Berry — Town of Berry-Established 1883 / Berry Heritage Park
Town of Berry Established 1883 Thompson Berry settled in this area in the 1840s. Berry devoted most of his time to raising cattle and farming. As time passed, he became the owner of a gin and gristmill and several thousand acres of land . . . Map (db m163759) HM
62 Alabama, Franklin County, Red Bay — Red Bay Depot & Hotel
The Depot The Depot, a treasured landmark in the history and growth of Red Bay, was built by Illinois Central Railroad in 1907. The trains provided a lifeline for towns like Red Bay. They brought necessities like sugar, flour, cheese, canned . . . Map (db m83746) HM
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63 Alabama, Franklin County, Vina — History of Vina
Vina was first known as Jones Crossroads, and later it was called New Burleson before the railroad came through the area. In the early 1900s, the Illinois Central Railroad was built through Jones Crossroads and the town’s name was changed to Vina . . . Map (db m83751) HM
64 Alabama, Henry County, Abbeville — Abbeville Southern Railroad / Pelham House
For the first 75 years of its history, Abbeville’s commerce was tied directly to the Chattahoochee River by Indian trails and wagon roads. The arrival of the first train on the Abbeville Southern Railroad, November 27, 1893, signaled the dawn of a . . . Map (db m60685) HM
65 Alabama, Henry County, Newville — Newville, Alabama / Newville Pioneers
Newville, Alabama James Madison Wells founded a village called Wells circa 1882. When Abbeville Southern Railroad laid tracks through the town in 1893, its name was changed to Wells Station. The post office was built in 1894. Wells Station . . . Map (db m71810) HM
66 Alabama, Houston County, Ashford — Ashford Depot
This depot, an example of late 19th century Victorian railroad architecture, was constructed by the Alabama Midland Railroad in March, 1888 as a way station on the Bainbridge-to-Montgomery route. The depot was the only building to survive a . . . Map (db m73355) HM
67 Alabama, Houston County, Dothan — Atlantic Coastline Passenger Station
Side 1 Constructed by the Atlantic Coastline Railroad in 1907 during Dothan's rapid growth as a commercial center of the Wiregrass Region, this building serves as a reminder of the most popular and accessible form of transportation in . . . Map (db m73357) HM
68 Alabama, Houston County, Taylor — Town of Taylor, Alabama
Taylor, one of the area's oldest communities, became a small town around 1870. Billy Taylor, son of James and Wealthy Taylor, established the post office and was appointed the first postmaster. Thus Taylor derived its name from the first . . . Map (db m179475) HM
69 Alabama, Jackson County, Bridgeport — Bridgeport
Vital Memphis-Charleston Railroad, "backbone of Confederacy", spanned Tennessee River here. Bridge burned several times, 1862-3. Gen. Mitchell (US), occupying Huntsville after Battle of Shiloh, seized Bridgeport in April 1862 and held it . . . Map (db m83788) HM
70 Alabama, Jackson County, Scottsboro — Robert Thomas Scott1800-1863
Planter, tavern operator, newspaper editor, legislator, and land developer, he sought in vain to have the Jackson County seat moved from Bellefont to the settlement that bore his name. After his death in 1863, his widow reached an agreement in 1868 . . . Map (db m22260) HM
71 Alabama, Jackson County, Scottsboro — Scottsboro Railroad Depot
The Memphis and Charleston Railroad Company constructed the Scottsboro Railroad Depot in 1860-1861 as a passenger and freight facility. The rail line ran throughout the Confederacy and the Union considered its capture vital to cutting off supplies . . . Map (db m22258) HM
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72 Alabama, Jackson County, Scottsboro — Union Civil War Encampment in Scottsboro
In late December 1863, Union Maj. Gen. John A. Logan established his Fifteenth Army Corps headquarters in Scottsboro, Alabama. On January 11, 1864, by command of Gen. Logan, Brig. Gen. Hugh Ewing, commanding the Fourth Division, was ordered to guard . . . Map (db m100044) HM
73 Alabama, Jackson County, Stevenson — Stevenson Depot and Hotel
A one-story depot building was constructed here in 1853, when the railroad was first laid through Stevenson. That building burned after the Civil War and was replaced by the present brick depot and hotel in 1872. During the Civil War, Stevenson . . . Map (db m22271) HM
74 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — A New CityBuilding early Birmingham
The arrival of two railroad lines in Jones Valley opened nearby deposits of iron ore, limestone, and coal to commercial development and helped make Birmingham one of the great industrial cities of the post Civil War South. In 1871, the year of . . . Map (db m69018) HM
75 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Birmingham Mineral Railroad
In 1884, when Birmingham was scarcely a decade old, the L&N Railroad laid the first tracks for its mineral railroad, to begin hauling ore from Red Mountain mines to furnaces, mills, and rail connections in Jones Valley. By the early 1900s, . . . Map (db m189284) HM
76 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — 157 — Birmingham Mineral Railroad Point of Curve Marker — —
The concrete marker below made with blast furnace slag instead of rocks is located a few feet from its original position where it designated the beginning and angle of the curve in the train tracks.Map (db m188883) HM
77 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — East Lake Community
The Creek Indian Cession of 1814 opened this section of Alabama to settlement. At the time of statehood in 1819 many pioneer families had located here in what later became known as Jones Valley. By 1820 the area was called Ruhama Valley as a result . . . Map (db m26680) HM
78 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — East Lake Park
East Lake was planned in 1886 by the East Lake Land Company to help sell home sites to the men who came in the 1870's to work in Birmingham's steel industry. First named Lake Como, after the lake in the Italian Alps, it soon came to be called East . . . Map (db m83828) HM
79 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Five Points South
This neighborhood developed in the 1880s as one of Birmingham's first streetcar suburbs. It was the Town of Highlands from 1887 to 1893, when it became part of the City of Birmingham. The heart of the neighborhood was Five Points Circle, a major . . . Map (db m83829) HM
80 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Frisco No. 4018
"No. 4018 made its last run from Bessemer, Alabama to Birmingham, Alabama on February 29, 1952 and was given by the railway to the City of Birmingham on May 29, 1952."Map (db m134921) HM
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81 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — F9 — Leading by Example, Part 1March Route for Moral Justice — Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail —
A key reason for Rev. Shuttlesworth's success was that he led the ACMHR by example. He was the first to put himself, even his family, in harm's way for the sake of the Movement. He did not ask ACMHR members to do anything he was not willing to do . . . Map (db m189112) HM
82 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Mineral Railroad Trestle
The railroad trestle support wall across the road is a remnant of L&N's 156-mile Mineral Railroad, the backbone of the local iron industry. This segment ran along the north edge of Vulcan Park on its route around the Birmingham District, linking . . . Map (db m83831) HM
83 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Morris Avenue Historic District / Elyton Land Company (Successor, Birmingham Realty Co.)
Created 1972 by the Jefferson County Historical Commission, the district is based on this avenue. Morris Avenue was named for one of the founders of Birmingham, Josiah Morris, who paid $100,000 for 4,157 acres of the original site of the city in . . . Map (db m27156) HM
84 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — North Birmingham
On October 1, 1886, the North Birmingham Land Company was formed to develop a planned industrial and residential town on 900 acres of land, formerly part of the Alfred Nathaniel Hawkins plantation north of Village Creek. The plan included sites for . . . Map (db m26700) HM
85 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Sloss Furnaces
The crossing of railroads in 1872 adjacent to this site gave rise to the industrial city of Birmingham. In 1881 Alabama railroad magnate and entrepreneur James Withers Sloss, capitalizing on the unusual coincidence of coal, iron ore and limestone in . . . Map (db m23498) HM
86 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — The Coe House1908
John Valentine Coe, president of Birmingham Lumber and Coal Company, commissioned this two-story Craftsman-Tudor Revival style house in 1908. Coe, who had previously been a lumber merchant in Selma, moved his family and business to Birmingham at the . . . Map (db m83858) HM
87 Alabama, Jefferson County, Birmingham — Tuxedo Junction
"Tuxedo Junction" was the street car crossing on the Ensley-Fairfield line at this corner in the Tuxedo Park residential area. It also refers to the fraternal dance hall operated in the 1920's and 1930s on the second floor of the adjacent building, . . . Map (db m25623) HM
88 Alabama, Jefferson County, Homewood — Edgewood
Nathan Byars, II settled here in 1836, followed by William D. Satterwhite in 1853, and Phillip Thomas Griffin and his wife Mary Ann Byars Griffin in 1854. These early settlers cleared land, built homes and farmed in what was a vast wooded . . . Map (db m26946) HM
89 Alabama, Jefferson County, Hoover — Brock’s Gap / Historic Gateway To BirminghamThe South and North Railroad Cut.
In 1858, the State of Alabama, wanting to develop coal and iron industries in Jefferson County, Had John T. Milner survey Shades Mountain for the most practical route for the South and North Railroad to cross. He selected Brock's Gap, named for . . . Map (db m26773) HM
90 Alabama, Jefferson County, Hoover — Ross Bridge
In 1858 James Taylor Ross, a Scotchman, migrated to the South, acquired land and homesteaded in what is now Shades Valley. He provided land for the construction of a railway, including a bridge spanning Ross Creek. After the Ross family moved . . . Map (db m27302) HM
91 Alabama, Jefferson County, Leeds — John HenryLegendary ‘Steel Drivin’ Man’
The story of “steel drivin’ man” John Henry is one of America’s most enduring legends. The strong ex-slave became a folk hero during construction of the Columbus & Western Railroad between Goodwater and Birmingham. He drilled holes for . . . Map (db m22207) HM
92 Alabama, Jefferson County, Leeds — The Depot
The Depot was built by Richmond & Danville Extension Co. in 1883-84 following the completion of the Georgia & Pacific RR line between Birmingham and Atlanta, three years before the Town of Leeds was incorporated. Richmond Terminal Co. operated . . . Map (db m22209) HM
93 Alabama, Jefferson County, Mulga — Historic Lakeview Cemetery
This cemetery is owned by St. John Baptist Church in Edgewater and operated by Scott-McPherson Funeral Home, Inc. US Steel Corporation previously owned the area and it is historically associated with the Edgewater Mining Camp community established . . . Map (db m37221) HM
94 Alabama, Jefferson County, Trussville — Trussville, Alabama
Trussville was settled between 1816 and 1819 by a few settlers from the Carolinas prior to Alabama becoming the 22nd state in December 1819. The First Baptist Church, Cahaba, was organized in 1821. Trussville’s first postmaster in 1833 was Arthur . . . Map (db m34338) HM
95 Alabama, Lamar County, Sulligent — Birth of Sulligent
Side 1 In April 1886, railroad prospectors were traveling up the Butahatchie Valley in Lamar County, Alabama, Moscow beat, and securing right of way for a railroad to be built that would connect Birmingham, Alabama and Memphis, . . . Map (db m96472) HM
96 Alabama, Lauderdale County, Florence — East Florence Historic District
The East Florence business area began in the industrial boom of the 1880s and 1890s and continued its development through the 1920s. Originally known as "Sweetwater", the small locally owned firms were established to serve the growing population . . . Map (db m35769) HM
97 Alabama, Lawrence County, Courtland — Early Roads / One of the South's First Railroads 1832
Side A Tennessee Street along the north side of the square was originally part of Gaines’ Trace, a horse path laid out in 1807 under the direction of Capt. Edmund Pendleton Gaines of the U. S. Army. From Melton’s Bluff on the Tennessee . . . Map (db m29056) HM
98 Alabama, Lee County, Auburn — The Crescent
Front The Crescent was an exclusive train of Southern Railway (SR) and Alabama affiliates, Western Railway of Alabama (WRA), Atlanta & West Point Railway (AWPR), and Louisville & Nashville Railway (LNR). Excepting SR, these . . . Map (db m98305) HM
99 Alabama, Lee County, Auburn — The Auburn Guards Reviewed by Jefferson Davis
At the Auburn train depot on February 16, 1861, Jefferson Davis reviewed the Auburn Guards, the first Confederate military company thus honored. Davis was en route to his inauguration as President of the Confederacy. The Auburn Guards were comprised . . . Map (db m74455) HM
100 Alabama, Lee County, Opelika — Opelika A Railroad Town/Opelika An Industrial City
Opelika A Railroad Town Opelika's original name was Opelikan when the town was founded in the 1830s. In 1850, the name was respelled as Opelika. In 1851, the Montgomery & West Point Railroad Company extended its Montgomery to Opelika rail line . . . Map (db m184077) HM

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Jun. 5, 2023