“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
After filtering for Virginia, 4533 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               Next 100 


US Civil War Topic

This house now stands behind the marker image, Touch for more information
By William Pfingsten, April 20, 2008
This house now stands behind the marker
1 Virginia, Accomack County, Accomac — EP-21 — Birthplace of Governor Wise
Here stood the birthplace of Henry Alexander Wise (1806-1876), Governor of Virginia (1856-1860) and general in the Confederate States Army. A talented orator and debator in an age of great orators, Wise was elected to six terms in Congress. He . . . Map (db m7823) HM
2 Virginia, Accomack County, Onancock — Genl. Edmund R. Bagwell
Born June 2, 1840. Died June 13, 1876. His life was gentle and the elements So mixed in him that Nature might stand up And say in all the World. This was a man.Map (db m7678) HM
3 Virginia, Accomack County, Onancock — Historic Cokesbury Church
Built in 1854, Cokesbury Church is the oldest church building in Onancock. Today it serves the community as a venue for religious services, meetings, and concerts. Key events in its history include:
1864 — Closed . . . Map (db m165100) HM
4 Virginia, Accomack County, Parksley — Confederate Memorial
Erected by Harmanson-West Camp Confederate Volunteers in memory of their dead comrades from Accomack and Northampton Counties They died for the principles upon which all true republics are founded They fought for conscience sake and . . . Map (db m165074) WM
5 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville — Reported permanently removed
On 3 Mar. 1865, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville to destroy railroad facilities as the 3rd Cavalry Division led by Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer arrived from Waynesboro. Mayor Christopher H. . . . Map (db m95140) HM
6 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville
On 3 Mar. 1865, after the Battle of Waynesboro, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville. As Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer's 3d Cavalry Division arrived, Mayor Christopher L. Fowler, local officials, and . . . Map (db m170640) HM
7 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — Rio Hill — Artifacts Found at Rio Hill
Civil War relic collectors found Stuart’s winter camp and skirmish site (shaded area of map) long before the Rio Hill Shopping Center opened in 1989. Metal detectors were used to search the area and artifacts—bullets, buttons, belt and . . . Map (db m7692) HM
8 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — Rio Hill 1864 Skirmish — George A. Custer Attacks a Confederate Winter Camp
In December 1863, Confederate troops established winter quarters here. The approximately 200 soldiers, under the command of Capt. Marcellus N. Moorman, were from Stuart’s Horse Artillery Battalion and were equipped with 16 cannons. The men built . . . Map (db m7690) HM
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9 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — W-197 — Skirmish at Rio Hill
On February 29, 1864, General George A. Custer and 1500 cavalrymen made a diversionary raid Into Albemarle County. Here, north of Charlottesville, he attacked the Confederate winter camp of four batteries of the Stuart Horse Artillery commanded by . . . Map (db m7685) HM
10 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woolen Mills — The Woolen Mills — 🌲 🔥 🛤️
The Woolen Mills area of Charlottesville traces its roots back to the late 1700s. It was Thomas Jefferson who realized the Rivanna River's vitality was the key to economic growth in the area. Originally a grist mill was started on . . . Map (db m172975) HM
11 Virginia, Albemarle County, Earlysville, Carrsbrook — G-26 — Rio Mills
The 19th-century mill village of Rio Mills stood 600 yards west of here, where the former Harrisonburg-Charlottesville Turnpike crossed the South Fork of the Rivanna River. Following the Battle of Rio Hill on 29 February 1864, Union General George . . . Map (db m106830) HM
12 Virginia, Albemarle County, Ivy, Mechums West — W-162 — Jackson’s Valley Campaign — Reported missing
Late in April 1862, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson marched his army out of the Shenandoah Valley through the Blue Ridge Mountains to deceive Union Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont into thinking he was headed for Richmond. On 3 May, Jackson . . . Map (db m230172) HM
13 Virginia, Albemarle County, Ivy, Mechums West — W-162 — Jackson's Valley Campaign
During the Shenandoah Valley Campaign (March - June 1862) Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson used deceptive maneuvers and sharp attacks to divert Union forces from the Peninsula Campaign against Richmond. Late in April, Jackson's . . . Map (db m209781) HM
14 Virginia, Albemarle County, Scottsville — Scottsville — When War Came
At 3 p.m. on Monday, March 6, 1865, the first of Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s 10,000 cavalrymen under Gens. Wesley Merritt, Thomas Devin, and George A. Custer entered Scottsville unopposed. To accomplish their mission—destroy the James . . . Map (db m17844) HM
15 Virginia, Albemarle County, Scottsville — Scottsville Confederate Cemetery
In memory of the soldiers who died in the Confederate General Hospital in Scottsville 1862-1863 Beattie, F.M. Co. H 23 NC Boyle, Andrew Co. D 41 VA Brashear, Denis P. Co. E 4 AL Clark, Henry Co. E 15 AL Clark, Hosey L. Co. F 2 MS . . . Map (db m22784) HM
16 Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Bush Hill
Josiah Watson, a wealthy merchant and postmaster of Alexandria, established his 272-acre plantation, “Bush Hill”, in 1791. Richard Marshall Scott purchased the plantation in 1791; his family stayed here for 200 years. Scott was an . . . Map (db m2610) HM
17 Virginia, Alexandria, Landmark — Cloud's Mill Race
This historic site is a section of the mill race that provided water power to Cloud's Mill which stood directly across Paxton street. At the intersection of Beauregard and Morgan Streets, water diverted from the Holmes Run ran through the . . . Map (db m150801) HM
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18 Virginia, Alexandria, Oakcrest — T-45 — Episcopal High School
Episcopal High School, on the hill to the southwest, was founded in 1839 as a boys' preparatory school, one of the first in the South; girls were admitted in 1991. The school was a pioneer in the establishment of student honor codes in preparatory . . . Map (db m7559) HM
19 Virginia, Alexandria, Oakcrest — T-44 — Virginia Theological Seminary — Founded 1823
Half mile to the southwest. The idea for such an institution was conceived by a group of Alexandria and Washington clergymen in 1818. Among those interested was Francis Scott Key, author of the Star Spangled Banner. Originally at corner of . . . Map (db m7561) HM
20 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 10 — African American Neighborhoods in the Civil War — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
During the Civil War, thousands of formerly enslaved individuals came to Union-controlled Alexandria to seek refuge and freedom. As a result, several new African American neighborhoods developed during and after the Civil War, including four in . . . Map (db m239750) HM
21 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria — A Place Through Time — Reported missing
13,000 years ago The Paleoindian Period A Native American hunter during the Paleoindian period discards a broken spear point, on a bluff overlooking a tributary to the Potomac River at the southern edge of present-day Alexandria. . . . Map (db m166409) HM
22 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Archaeology Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
The launch of urban renewal in 1965 led to a boom of archaeological discoveries in Alexandria's Old and Historic District. As buildings were razed exposing artifact-laden layers of history, community outcry demanded that the City address and halt . . . Map (db m115770) HM
23 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Alexandria Railroads
Three railroads developed in Alexandria during the mid-19th century, a period of limited industrial expansion for the City. Alexandrians had a invested heavily in the Alexandria Canal which opened in 1843, giving the city access to the rich . . . Map (db m72379) HM
24 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Battery Rodgers
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Battery Rodgers Here stood Battery Rodgers, built in 1863 to prevent enemy ships from passing up the Potomac River. The battery had a perimeter of 30 yards and mounted five 200 pounder Parrott . . . Map (db m41413) HM
25 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Bayne-Fowle House — 813 Prince Street
This property has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Bayne-Fowle House 1854 [Additional plaques above:] The Bayne-Fowle House has been . . . Map (db m134975) HM
26 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, CSA
Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, CSA Born here in 1816, died Alexandria 1895. Volunteer, Mexican War 1846-1848. Prospector in California, Commander, 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, CSA. Post-war civic leader and banker. Buried . . . Map (db m65489) HM
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27 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Christ Church — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Before the American Revolution, the Church of England was the established church of Virginia and part of the colonial government. For administrative purposes, the colony was divided into "parishes" and all residents paid taxes to maintain church . . . Map (db m115716) HM
28 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Civil War and Restoration
Civil War Comes to Carlyle House If you stood in this spot 150 years ago, you would be inside a building! In 1848 James Green purchased Carlyle House and the building in front of you, the first Bank of Alexandria. He turned it into a hotel . . . Map (db m129170) HM
29 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Confederate Soldiers
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest By all their country's wishes blest"
Beneath this mound lie the remains of thirty-four Confederate Soldiers Which were disinterred from the Alexandria Soldiers' Cemetery . . . Map (db m129286) HM WM
30 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Edgar Warfield — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
One of King Street's greatest commercial buildings was built by one of Alexandria's most beloved citizens. Edgar Warfield, Jr. was born in 1842, and at the age of 18 he co-founded the "Old Dominion Rifles," a Confederate militia that served in . . . Map (db m115749) HM
31 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 2 — Fishtown — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
As Virginia's population grew, so did its reliance on fish from the Potomac River as a dietary staple. In 1813, the city authorities passed a law designating the county wharf at the foot of Oronoco Street as the official place for landing fish. . . . Map (db m239715) HM
32 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Freedom House Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
The building at 1315 Duke Street, two blocks south of here, was originally built around 1812 as a residence for General Robert Young, commander of Alexandria's militia, who died in 1824. This three-story brick building then became the . . . Map (db m115706) HM
33 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Gadsby's Tavern Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Gadsby's Tavern Museum consists of two buildings — the smaller c.1875 tavern and larger 1792 City Tavern and Hotel. While both were constructed by John Wise, they were made famous by John Gadsby, a rising tavern keeper who rented the buildings . . . Map (db m115755) HM
34 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Gazette House
This building dates to 1801. Between 1852-1911 the Alexandria Gazette newspaper was printed here. In 1862 while Alexandria was occupied by the North during the Civil War, Union soldiers burned this building because it was reported here that St. Paul . . . Map (db m41832) HM
35 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Guarding the Potomac — Battery Rodgers 1863-1865
The area around Jones Point, which lies just south of the nation’s capital, was an obvious location for early defensive fortifications. During the Civil War (1861-1865), Battery Rodgers was built overlooking the cove to guard the river approach . . . Map (db m69911) HM
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36 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — E-86 — Historic Alexandria
Alexandria was named for the family of John Alexander, a Virginia planter who in 1669 acquired the tract on which the town began. By 1732, the site was known as Hunting Creek Warehouse and in 1749 became Alexandria, thereafter a major 18th-century . . . Map (db m47) HM
37 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — E-91 — Lee’s Boyhood Home — Reported permanently removed
Robert E. Lee left this home that he loves so well to enter West Point. After Appomattox he returned and climbed the wall to see “if the snowballs were in bloom.” George Washington dined here when it was the home of William Fitzhugh, Lee’s kinsman . . . Map (db m8548) HM
38 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Lee-Fendall House — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Revolutionary War hero Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, father of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, purchased several lots on North Washington Street in Alexandria soon after the War for Independence. He lived with his family in a house on Cameron . . . Map (db m115721) HM
39 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Living History — Reported permanently removed
Discover the spirit of Alexandria that has been making history for well over two centuries Founded in 1749, Alexandria was the center of commercial and political activity for early patriots such as George Washington as the seeds of the . . . Map (db m115776) HM
40 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Marshall House — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
In the early morning hours of May 24, 1861, the day after a public referendum in Virginia supported secession from the United States, Alexandria was invaded by Union forces crossing the Potomac. Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth, the young commander of the . . . Map (db m115753) HM
41 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Orange & Alexandria Roundhouse
Orange & Alexandria Railroad roundhouse, formerly located near Duke and South Henry Streets. Engine named after Brigadier General Herman Haupt, Chief of Transportation, U.S. Military Railroads during the Civil War. Mathew Brady photograph after . . . Map (db m72622) HM
42 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — E-91 — Potts-Fitzhugh-Lee House
This Federal-style townhouse and its adjoining twin were built ca. 1793. Original owner John Potts, Jr., secretary of the Potomac Company, deeded the house in 1799 to William Fitzhugh of Chatham, member of Virginia's Revolutionary Conventions and . . . Map (db m188751) HM
43 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — E-156 — Restored Government of Virginia
After Virginia seceded in the spring of 1861, Unionists met in Wheeling and organized a state government loyal to the U.S. under Gov. Francis H. Pierpont. The Restored Government, which sent representatives to the U.S. Congress and raised federal . . . Map (db m191972) HM
44 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749 —
The Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Museum traces one of America's oldest continuously-run family businesses that combined manufacturing, wholesaling and retailing. Founded in 1792, and operated just across Fairfax Street until 1933, the pharmacy . . . Map (db m115762) HM
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45 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Alexandria Lyceum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
One block south is The Alexandria Lyceum, formed as a public education organization in 1834 by Quaker schoolmaster Benjamin Hallowell and other civic leaders. In 1839, the founders joined with the Alexandria Library Company to construct a . . . Map (db m115718) HM
46 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Athenaeum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Home to the Northern Virginia Fine Arts Association, the Athenaeum is a fine example of Greek Revival architecture, with a long and colorful history of occupation. The building was constructed between 1851 and 1852 as the Bank of the Old Dominion, . . . Map (db m115768) HM
47 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Bank of Potomac Building — Built 1804-07
Here Union Governor Francis Harrison Pierpont established the “Restored Government of Virginia” and used the building as the official Governor's Residence 1863-65 This Property is protected by a preservation easement held by . . . Map (db m71611) HM
48 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 4 — The Civil War and Battery Rodgers — Ford's Landing City Park —
With the outbreak of war in the spring of 1861, Alexandria was immediately occupied by Federal troops as a bulwark in the defenses of the national capital, and the city became a central distribution center for men and material for the Army of the . . . Map (db m70411) HM WM
49 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Civil War Comes to Alexandria — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
In 1860, Alexandria was a vibrant southern city boasting a population of 12,652 and 96 firms which produced everything from bark to tin-ware. During the U.S. Presidential campaign in the fall of 1860, business-minded Alexandrians were decidedly . . . Map (db m115781) HM
50 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Confederate Statue — Reported permanently removed
The unarmed Confederate soldier standing in the intersection of Washington and Prince Streets marks the location where units from Alexandria left to join the Confederate Army on May 24, 1861. The soldier is facing the battlefields to the South where . . . Map (db m8605) HM
51 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 5 — The Domestic Slave Trade — City of Alexandia, Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
On January 1, 1808, the earliest date allowed by Article I, Section 9 of the United States Constitution, the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves went into effect and stated, "It shall not be lawful to import or bring into the United . . . Map (db m188750) HM
52 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Emerging Nation — Jones Point Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From the late 1700s into the 1800s, the pastoral calm of the Point was interrupted repeatedly—by soldiers manning cannon emplacements, by surveyors laying out the boundaries of the nation's capital, by workers at a ropewalk and the lighthouse, . . . Map (db m62029) HM
53 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Lyceum — The Jean E. Keith Memorial
Built in 1839 by the Alexandria Lyceum Company under the leadership of Benjamin Hallowell, this building housed the Alexandria Library and was the scene of concerts, meetings, debates and lectures featuring such speakers as John Quincy Adams and . . . Map (db m8607) HM
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54 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — The Marshall House — Reported permanently removed
The Marshall House stood upon this site, and within the building on the early morning of May 24, 1861 James W. Jackson was killed by Federal soldiers while defending his property and personal rights as stated in the verdict of the coroners . . . Map (db m65490) HM
55 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 7 — The River Queen — City of Alexandria, Virginia — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
From 1898 to 1911, a 181-foot-long side wheel steamboat based out of Washington, D.C., called the River Queen would sometimes dock at the wharf at the foot of Prince Street in Alexandria. Build in 1864, it had first gained fame as the site . . . Map (db m239733) HM
56 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Visiting Old Town — Reported permanently removed
Welcome to Old Town Alexandria! Experience historical charm with contemporary flair from the river to the rails Plan Alexandria Visitors Center at Ramsay House Knowledgeable staff help you create a perfect plan for your . . . Map (db m167097) HM
57 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Welcome to Jones Point Park — National Park Service — U.S. Department of the Interior —
The open vistas, recreational fields, or fishing pier may be what drew you to Jones Point Park, but archaeological and historical evidence shows that this land has been attracting people for a multitude of reasons during the last 9,000 years. Over . . . Map (db m127766) HM
58 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Wilkes Street Tunnel
The Wilkes Street Tunnel was part of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, founded in 1848 to promote trade with western Virginia. The Orange and Alexandria inaugurated its track in Alexandria on May 7, 1851 with a run to the north end of Union Street . . . Map (db m72346) HM
59 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Wilkes Street Tunnel — City of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
The Wilkes Street Tunnel was part of the eastern division of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, founded in 1848 to promote trade with western Virginia. The Orange & Alexandria inaugurated its track in Alexandria on May 7, 1851 with a run from the . . . Map (db m143378) HM
60 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — Windmill Hill — City of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Now a city park, Windmill Hill got its name from the windmill built here on Miller's Cliff by inventor John R. Remington in 1843. With soothing winds and a grand view of the busy port, the hill was the scene of fashionable promenades and numerous . . . Map (db m143377) HM
61 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town — 11 — Zion Baptist Church — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
A small group of Christian believers established Zion Baptist Church in 1864 on the corner of Wolfe and South Union Streets, northeast of the Wilkes Street Tunnel. At the end of the Civil War, Zion Baptist was one of five African American Baptist . . . Map (db m239753) HM
62 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town North — 1 — African American Neighborhoods — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
"We have 'Petersburg,' and 'Richmond,' 'Contraband Valley,' and 'Pump Town,' and twenty other towns in our midst." Alexandria Gazette, August 25, 1864
Three African American neighborhoods . . . Map (db m239714) HM
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63 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town North — Origins of "The Berg" — Alexandria's Freedmen — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
During the Civil War, an influx of self-emancipated slaves (often referred to as "contrabands") arrived in Alexandria. For several decades thereafter, this population, along with other free Black migrants, changed the racial character of both the . . . Map (db m204837) HM
64 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — From Factory to Housing — The History of 515 N. Washington Street — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 —
Alexandria's First Cotton Factory On April 19, 1847, the Mount Vernon Manufacturing Company purchased this lot along North Washington Street. The present building on this site was completed a year later in 1848, becoming the city's first . . . Map (db m127782) HM
65 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Grosvenor Hospital — Alexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 —
Over the course of the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Surgeon General of Alexandria opened over 30 military hospitals with 6,500 beds within the city limits. Grosvenor Hospital was added as a branch of Mansion House on August 17, 1862, and . . . Map (db m185293) HM
66 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — Shuter's Hill — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Shuter's Hill, a high bluff overlooking King Street, is probably named for the a local resident named Shuter who lived nearby in the 1740s. The site has been visited by people for more than 5,000 years. In fact, archaeologists have uncovered . . . Map (db m115785) HM
67 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — The Civil War & Archaeology of the Block — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749
About 100 years before Ramsey Homes was built, prominent Alexandrian Henry Daingerfield purchased this parcel of land. In 1849, prominent Alexandrian Henry Daingerfield purchased a parcel of land upon which the Ramsey Homes would eventually be . . . Map (db m188811) HM
68 Virginia, Alexandria, Old Town West — War, Rails, and Wells — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
This city block became part of the Alexandria town grid in 1798. Near the rural outskirts of the developing town, the block remained vacant throughout the nineteenth century. Colross, a country estate, was established in the vicinity, and outside . . . Map (db m70671) HM
69 Virginia, Alexandria, Potomac West — History at Four Mile Run Park — La historia de Four Mile Run
Four Mile Run and the course of its namesake waterway have changed dramatically over the centuries, partly due to natural events and partly to modern human engineering. Although a setting for a rich abundance of plant and animal . . . Map (db m130987) HM
70 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — "The Fort" and "Seminary" Community — Civil War to Civil Rights — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 —
African Americans established "The Fort," a community that continued here after the Civil War (1861-1864) for nearly a century into the Civil Rights Era of the 1960s. The place received its name from The Fort's location around the remnants of . . . Map (db m149722) HM
71 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — African Americans and the Civil War — Fleeing, Fighting and Working for Freedom — City of Alexandria, est. 1749 —
The Civil War (1861-1865) opened the door for opportunity and civil rights for African American Virginians, about 90 percent of whom were enslaved in 1860. The upheaval from battles and the federal presence in Alexandria and eastern Fairfax . . . Map (db m149734) HM
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72 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Bombproof
Two bombproofs, each measuring 200 feet long by 12.5 feet wide, were located in the center of Fort Ward. During normal operations the bombproofs were used as meeting rooms, storage facilities, and sometimes as a prison. In the event of an attack, . . . Map (db m7716) HM
73 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Entrance Gate to Fort Ward/Officers' Hut
The Fort Ward entrance gate, completed in May 1865, provided the only access to the interior of the fort. The gate's decorative details include stands of cannonballs and the insignia (castle) of the Army Corps of Engineers which designed and . . . Map (db m194339) HM
74 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Fort Ward — 1861-1865
On May 24, 1861, when Virginia's secession from the Union became effective, Federal forces immediately occupied Northern Virginia to protect the City of Washington, D.C. After the Confederate victory at the Battle of First Bull Run (First Manassas) . . . Map (db m7676) HM
75 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Fort Ward — 1861-1865
This stairway leads up the west wall of Fort Ward between the Northwest Bastion (to the left) and the Southwest Bastion (to the right). Fort Ward had 14 cannon emplacements along this area of the wall that created overlapping fields of fire. . . . Map (db m7709) HM
76 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Fort Ward
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Fort Ward Here stands Fort Ward, constructed in 1861 to protect the approaches to Alexandria by Little River Turnpike and Leesburg Turnpike. In 1864, the fort was enlarged to a perimeter of 818 . . . Map (db m41117) HM
77 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Fort Williams
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861 - 1865 100 yards to the west stood Fort Williams, built in 1863 to guard the approaches to Alexandria by Little River Turnpike and Telegraph Road. It had a perimeter of 250 yards and emplacements . . . Map (db m80467) HM
78 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Fort Worth
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861 - 1865 Here stood Fort Worth, built in 1861. It had a commanding view of the Cameron Valley and guarded the approach to Alexandria by Little River Turnpike. The fort had a perimeter of 463 yards . . . Map (db m80466) HM
79 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Northwest Bastion
The plan of Fort Ward consisted of five bastions with positions for 36 guns. The Northwest Bastion illustrates how the entire stronghold appeared in 1864. This bastion is armed with six reproduction weapons based on Fort Ward's original table of . . . Map (db m7713) HM
80 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Outlying Gun Battery — City of Alexandria, Virginia
This outlying 6-gun battery was constructed to cover the ravine where Interstate 395 is located today. The remains of a covered-way rifle trench that extended from the Northwest Bastion is visible near the park road. This trench provided protection . . . Map (db m149735) HM
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81 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Powder Magazine and Filling Room
Ammunition for the fort's guns was kept in underground storage facilities called magazines and filling rooms. Shells were armed and sometimes stored in the filling room, while the magazine was used to hold black powder and crated rounds. Implements . . . Map (db m7711) HM
82 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Profile of Fort
This exterior view of the restored Northwest Bastion illustrates the effectiveness of an earthwork fort. The fort walls were 18-22 feet high, 12-14 feet thick, and slanted at 45 degrees. To gain access to the fort an attacker would have to cross . . . Map (db m7714) HM
83 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Rifle Trench
This rifle trench extended from the North Bastion toward Battery Garesche located beyond Leesburg Turnpike (Route 7). Another rifle trench extended from the tip of the South Bastion near the Fort Gate. The rifle trenches prevented enemy troops from . . . Map (db m7715) HM
84 Virginia, Alexandria, Seminary Hill — Southwest Bastion — City of Alexandria, Virginia — Reported damaged
The Southwest Bastion was the most heavily fortified area of the fort with emplacements for seven guns, as well as a magazine and a filling room. The largest gun in Fort Ward, a 100-pounder Parrott Rifle, was located in the Southwest Bastion. . . . Map (db m7684) HM
85 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — "Pursuers of Booth the Assassin" — Alexandria National Cemetery
. . . Map (db m73446) HM
86 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — 1323 Duke Street – From Slavery to Freedom and Service — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Text, upper half of marker panel: This house, built by Emmanuel Jones by 1888, stands at the corner of a block that witnessed the extremes of 19th century African American experience. From a slave trading company to significant . . . Map (db m46124) HM
87 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m92115) HM
88 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-89 — Alexandria Academy
On 17 Dec. 1785, George Washington endowed a school here in the recently established Alexandria Academy “for the purpose of educating orphan children.” In 1812, an association of free African Americans founded its own school here in space vacated by . . . Map (db m813) HM
89 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Alexandria National Cemetery
Securing the Capital On May 24, 1861, Gen. Winfield Scott ordered eleven regiments of Union troops from Washington, D.C., across the Potomac River, where they captured Arlington and Alexandria. After their defeat in July at Manassas, . . . Map (db m92113) HM
90 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Bethel Cemetery — Resting place of 21 CSA Virginia soldiers
Henry A. Crump 60th Inf • William M. David 62nd Inf • George W.L. Francis 7th Cav • William H. Haws 8th Inf • George W. Herndon 13th Inf • Elias M. Herring 18th Inf • Elijah F. Hutchison 6th Cav • Edward S. Jett 56th Inf • John J. Knoxville 9th . . . Map (db m150721) HM WM
91 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Bethel Cemetery — Here rests 15 Alexandria area soldiers of the 17th Virginia Regiment, CSA
Brown, Alexander H. • Carter, Merriwether T. • Darley, William • Jones, George W. • Lawler, John Joseph • Lewis, William L. • Pitts, Henry Segar • Pitts, Robert Tyler • Proctor, John J. • Roland, Richard N. • Sutherland, John W. • Turner, Albert . . . Map (db m150723) HM WM
92 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-139 — Beulah Baptist Church
African Americans escaping slavery found refuge in Alexandria after Union troops occupied the city in 1861. The Rev. Clement “Clem” Robinson established the First Select Colored School in 1862. Hundreds of students registered for day and . . . Map (db m98079) HM
93 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
The Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial is dedicated to honoring more than 1,700 people of African descent buried here during and following the Civil War, as well as those who may have been laid to rest after the cemetery officially . . . Map (db m77244) HM WM
94 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Courtesy of Bethel Cemetery, Est. 1885
Courtesy of Bethel Cemetery, Est. 1885 on whose grounds rests ten members of Col. John Singleton Mosby's Rangers, 43rd BN CSA. The area of Northern Virginia was known during the war and ever since as Mosby's Confederacy Ayre, George . . . Map (db m150722) HM WM
95 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Former USCT Burial Ground — Rather Die Freemen Than Live To Be Slaves
We are not contrabands, but soldiers of the U.S. Army. We have cheerfully left the comforts of home, and entered into the field of conflict, fighting side by side with the white soldiers… As American citizens, we have a right . . . Map (db m87058) HM
96 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-131 — Franklin and Armfield Slave Office — (1315 Duke Street)
Isaac Franklin and John Armfield leased this brick building with access to the wharves and docks in 1828 as a holding pen for enslaved people being shipped from Northern Virginia to Louisiana. They purchased the building and three lots in 1832. From . . . Map (db m72628) HM
97 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — E-109 — Freedmen’s Cemetery
Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate . . . Map (db m122082) HM
98 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Graves
Many of the African Americans who fled to Alexandria to escape enslavement and those already living here succumbed to disease and deprivation during and shortly after the Civil War. Carts bearing the dead entered the cemetery along a path in this . . . Map (db m188795) HM
99 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Graves Under South Washington Street
During the Civil War, Freedmen's Cemetery extended into the middle of South Washington Street. Each tan stone in the sidewalk marks a grave identified by archaeologists investigating the location of the original cemetery.Map (db m188794) HM
100 Virginia, Alexandria, Southwest Quadrant — Hooff's Run Bridge — Alexandria Heritage Trail
The bridge is one of the last remnants of Alexandria's first railroad, the Orange & Alexandria. The “O&ARR,” as it was commonly called, opened in 1851 and had 148 miles of track in 1860. The bridge was constructed by the railroad as . . . Map (db m99330) HM

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Mar. 3, 2024