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French and Indian War Topic
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
Capture of Port Royal Marker
|In commemoration of the captures of Port Royal by New England expeditions under Maj. Robert Sedgwick 1654 and Colonel Francis Nicholson 1710. In this second expedition Col. Samuel Vetch was Adjutant-General. There were 36 transports, 4 ships of 60 . . . — — Map (db m78439) HM|
|In memory of
Daniel Auger de Subercase
Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie.
Honour to unsuccessful valour — — Map (db m78442) HM|
In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the . . . — — Map (db m78606) HM|
Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the . . . — — Map (db m78598) HM|
|The modern-day market in Annapolis Royal sits on land that for much of the town’s history was church property. The earliest Roman Catholic Church, built of stone, was located next to the fort and destroyed following Sir William Phips’ capture of . . . — — Map (db m78720) HM|
A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief . . . — — Map (db m78491) HM|
Adjutant-General of the force under Colonel Francis Nicholson which captured Port Royal, Capital of Acadia, in 1710.
First Governor and Commander-in-Chief. A notable figure in colonial history. An able soldier and administrator. . . . — — Map (db m78482) HM|
On this site was erected by France, in 1731, the first Lighthouse Tower, constructed of fireproof materials, in North America.
Near here the British erected batteries to silence the defensive works erected by France. In 1745, . . . — — Map (db m79967) HM|
In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French . . . — — Map (db m79915) HM|
This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of . . . — — Map (db m79968) HM|
|French Naval Guns raised
by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895
from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour
and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station
presented to the Fortress of Louisburg
National Historic Site
Dominion Steel . . . — — Map (db m142962) HM|
During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The . . . — — Map (db m142964) HM|
|English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege . . . — — Map (db m79941) HM|
| English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year . . . — — Map (db m142966) HM|
|English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing.
Thus began the operation . . . — — Map (db m79938) HM|
The Acadian village of Beaubassin on this site was founded by settlers from Port Royal around 1672. Upon the arrival of Major Charles Lawrence with British troops in April 1750, the French authorities had the village destroyed in . . . — — Map (db m106953) HM|
This area was the site of the Acadian village of Beaubassin, first known Bourgeois settlement. Raided in 1696 and again in 1703 by a force from Boston under Captain Ben Church. Occupied by French troops in 1746 who travelled on snowshoes in . . . — — Map (db m106951) HM|
| With the founding of Halifax in 1749 as a British naval base, the Acadians became the target of concern and possible displacement. Demands on them to accept and sign an "oath of allegiance” to the British crown were made several . . . — — Map (db m141258) HM|
Over the next eight years, or until the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the Great Upheaval continued in what has become known as the first act of "ethnic cleansing” in North America. In an ill-conceived and desperate plan . . . — — Map (db m141274) HM|
|This monument/marker is made up of four panels, two in English and two in French. Each language has a panel dealing with The Grand Dérangement and Georges Island. On top is a large, round medallion featuring a map showing Acadian deportation . . . — — Map (db m77625) HM|
Un témoignage durable
L'église-souvenir représente l'attachement profond
du peuple acadien au lieu historique national du
Canada de Grand-Pré.
Construite en 1922 grâce à des fonds recueillis . . . — — Map (db m140428) HM|
The expulsion of the Acadians began in 1755, on the eve of the Seven Years’ War. Frustrated with the neutrality of the Acadians who refused to swear an unconditional oath of allegiance to the Crown, British forces began the . . . — — Map (db m78722) HM|
In 1759, New England farmers and fishermen sent agents to Halifax to discuss with Governor Lawrence the settlement of the undeveloped areas of the province. Substantial immigration began in 1760 and, by late 1763, several thousand . . . — — Map (db m140207) HM|
| In 1755, the worldwide struggle for empire between Great Britain and France had tragic consequences for the Acadians of Les Mines and elsewhere in Nova Scotia/Acadie
Lt-Col. John Winslow was the Massachusetts officer in charge of the . . . — — Map (db m140393) HM|
| Le lit desséché du crique que l’on aperçoit dans le pré à quelques pas d’ici est l’endroit ou furent embarques sur les chaloupes les victimes du Grand Dérangement de 1755 pour être transbordes sur les transports ancres dans le Bassin des Mines. . . . — — Map (db m138777) HM|
This site known as the Old French Cemetery, is one of the few links to the Town’s Mi’kmaq and Acadian past. Known by the Mi’kmaq as Merligueche meaning whitecaps which topped the waves in the harbour, the name continued to be used . . . — — Map (db m78260) HM|