“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
After filtering for Virginia, 1054 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. Next 100 ⊳

African Americans Topic

Now a vacant lot. image, Touch for more information
By Beverly Pfingsten, April 20, 2008
Now a vacant lot.
1Virginia (Accomack County), Accomac — EP-22 — Mary Nottingham Smith High School
The first high school for blacks in Accomack County was dedicated on this site in 1932. It was named in honor of Mary Nottingham Smith (1892-1951), a black educator who dedicated her life to educating all young people. In 1956, the school was . . . Map (db m7822) HM
2Virginia (Accomack County), Parksley — The Hopeton Passenger StationEastern Shore Railway Museum
The Hopeton Passenger Station was donated to the Town of Parksley in 1988 by Nancy Shields for use as a museum. It has been relocated on the foundation of the 1906 Parksley Station and restored through the efforts of the Friends of the Eastern . . . Map (db m165088) HM
3Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — Old Shirt Factory
Factory Road was originally named New Road. It is said to have been built by Henry Frazier, a Black man, by hand, around the time of the Civil War. In 1919, George Lawson of Crisfield, MD in association with the Kegan, Grace & W. Shirt Makers Guild . . . Map (db m106988) HM
4Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — Welcome To Historic Tangier Island
For almost 250 years the people of Tangier have wrested a living and a lifestyle from the waters that surround them. Most of their days have been occupied with family, work, church, and the other normal pursuits in which we all engage. But they have . . . Map (db m97723) HM
5Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — Welcome to Historic Tangier Island
For almost 250 years the people of Tangier have wrested a living and a lifestyle from the waters that surround them. Most of their days have been occupied with family, work, church, and the other normal pursuits in which we all engage. But they have . . . Map (db m106961) HM
6Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — "The Albemarle 26"Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students formerly enrolled at all-black schools desegregated Albemarle High School, Stone-Robinson . . . Map (db m170167) HM
7Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 11 — Charcoal
Wood charcoal fueled the forges in the nailery on Mulberry Row and heated the stoves in the kitchen. Charcoal was stored under lock and key in wooden sheds that once stood here. Built about 1794, these "coal sheds" likely resembled temporary . . . Map (db m100442) HM
8Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Discovering Mulberry Row
Mulberry Row’s buildings have all but disappeared—only the remains of four survive. Before re-creating lost buildings and roads, we look at information from many sources. How do we know about this important place and the history of its people, . . . Map (db m80863) HM
9Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Henry Martin1826 - 1915
Born in slavery at Monticello on July 4, 1826, the day of Thomas Jefferson's death, Henry Martin worked at the University in various capacities from about 1847 until his retirement in 1910. In late 1868 or early 1869, he was employed as head . . . Map (db m75526) HM
10Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 04 — Horses & Mules
The Eagle. Peacemaker. Tecumseh. Bremo. Wellington. Diomede. These were the six carriage and saddle horses, plus one mule, stabled here in 1821. As many as 30 riding and carriage horses, workhorses, and mules were stabled at various locations on the . . . Map (db m100157) HM
11Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Ice House — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Master carpenter James Dinsmore oversaw construction of this Ice House to Jefferson's design in 1802. Enslaved and hired workers filled it each year between November and February with ice cut from the nearby Rivanna River, shallow ponds, or snow . . . Map (db m68174) HM
12Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Legacy of Hugh Carr / The Village of Hydraulic Mills
Legacy of Hugh Carr The Ivy Creek Natural Area was once the home of Hugh Carr, born into slavery around 1840 in Albemarle County. The end of the Civil War in 1865 was for Hugh the start of a new life founded in freedom. In 1870, Hugh . . . Map (db m170172) HM
13Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Mulberry Row — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Every article is made on his farm; his negroes are cabinet makers, carpenters, masons, bricklayers, smith, etc. Duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, 1796 You are standing on Mulberry Row, a road once lined with more than 20 dwellings, . . . Map (db m68171) HM
14Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 02 — Mulberry RowMulberry Row's Evolution
Jefferson attempted to create an efficient plantation based on new approaches to agriculture and manufacturing. To realize his goals, dozens of enslaved and free workers lived and worked here on Mulberry Row. Jefferson added a series of dwellings . . . Map (db m100132) HM
15Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Nail-Making
Jefferson set up a nail-making operation in 1794 to provide income until he could “put my farms into a course of yielding profit.” He calculated the nailers’ daily output, the waste of nailrod, and profits. In its first years, the . . . Map (db m80862) HM
16Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — North Terrace Wing
What you see here is a reconstruction of the North Terrace wing. The original wing, built 1801-05, housed Jefferson's carriages and the horses and carriages of visitors; most of Jefferson's horses were stabled at the east end of Mulberry Row. Horses . . . Map (db m100469) HM
17Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Old Springs
This is a spring that was used by the Carr family when they lived here in 1870. The spring provided a source of clean drinking water and was also used as a storage location to keep perishable foods coolMap (db m170175) HM
18Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Riverview Park
You are standing on land once inhabited by the Monacan Indians and bison. While much of the landscape has changed, the Rivanna River still runs through, connecting past to present. 1733. The property first came into European hands in a . . . Map (db m172972) HM
19Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Six Miles of Trails
A network of more than six miles of walking trails leaves large areas of natural habitat undisturbed. The 1.5 mile Central Red Trail leads back to the parking lot and barn. All other trails stem from the Red Trail. A 0.75-mile paved trail . . . Map (db m170174) HM
20Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 05 — Slave Housing
Over 200 years ago, four log dwellings stood here. The first, constructed in the 1770s and destroyed by fire ca. 1790. was the "Negro quarter," a large 17 x 34 foot structure intended for multiple enslaved individuals or families. Three identical, . . . Map (db m100176) HM
21Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 08 — Smokehouse/Dairy
In the long, three-celled wooden structure that stood here between ca. 1790 and 1809, Jefferson combined two of what he considered "indispensable" elements of a Virginia plantation, the "smoke house" and "dairy." His unusual design placed "two . . . Map (db m100440) HM
22Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Textiles — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Panel 1 Jefferson introduced mechanized cloth production to his plantation when trade embargoes and looming war cut off the supply of imported British cloth. In 1811, he hired William McLure, a free white artisan and "a very ingenious man," . . . Map (db m68175) HM
23Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Origins of Ivy Creek Natural Area
1975: Red Flags For years, Elizabeth (Babs) Conant had canoed the relatively new South Fork Rivanna Reservoir and enjoyed its abundant wildlife. Then one autumn day in 1975, she rounded a bend and saw something ominous. Survey stakes . . . Map (db m170170) HM
24Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Wood Trades
This chimney and foundation are all that remain of the “joiner’s shop”, one of the first structures on Mulberry Row. From about 1775, free and enslaved workmen produced some of the finest woodwork in Virginia. Sawyers and carpenters . . . Map (db m80860) HM
25Virginia (Albemarle County), Cobham — GA-48 — St. John School — Rosenwald Funded
The St. John School, built here in 1922–1923, served African-American students during the segregation era. Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears Roebuck and Co., collaborated with Booker T. Washington in a school-building campaign begining in . . . Map (db m102560) HM
26Virginia (Albemarle County), Proffit — G-22 — Proffit Historic District
Ben Brown and other newly freed slaves, who founded the community after the Civil War, first named the settlement Egypt and then Bethel. About 1881, the community became known as Proffit when the Virginia Midland Railway placed a stop here, . . . Map (db m16946) HM
27Virginia (Albemarle County), Rio — G-5 — Free State
Free State, a community of free African Americans, stood here. Its nucleus was a 224-acre tract that Amy Farrow, a free black woman, purchased in 1788. Her son Zachariah Bowles lived here and married Critta Hemings of Monticello, an older sister of . . . Map (db m170663) HM
28Virginia (Albemarle County), Shadwell — "The Albemarle 26"Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students desegregated Albemarle High, Stone-Robinson Elementary, and Greenwood School. With the . . . Map (db m170122) HM
29Virginia, Alexandria — "The Fort" and "Seminary" CommunityCivil War to Civil Rights — City of Alexandria, Virginia Est. 1749 —
African Americans established "The Fort," a community that continued here after the Civil War (1861-1864) for nearly a century into the Civil Rights Era of the 1960s. The place received its name from The Fort's location around the remnants of . . . Map (db m149722) HM
30Virginia, Alexandria — 1323 Duke Street – From Slavery to Freedom and Service — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Text, upper half of marker panel: This house, built by Emmanuel Jones by 1888, stands at the corner of a block that witnessed the extremes of 19th century African American experience. From a slave trading company to significant . . . Map (db m46124) HM
31Virginia, Alexandria — A Crossroads Through TimeCity of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Three roads formed this Fairfax County intersection by the early 19th century. Braddock Road, Middle Turnpike (later called Leesburg Pike/King Street/Route 7) and Quaker Lane were the wagon routes for trade between the port town of Alexandria and . . . Map (db m150816) HM
32Virginia, Alexandria — A Very Different View: Living and Working in 1700s Alexandria
Alexandria's Changing Shoreline In 1749 the town of Alexandria was laid out on 10 to 15 foot bluffs around a crescent of shallow water. The back edge of John Carlyle's property, where you are standing now, was about 15 feet above the Potomac . . . Map (db m129171) HM
33Virginia, Alexandria — African American Heritage Memorial
[Plaque on the left side of the entrance:] From the establishment of Alexandria in 1749 to the present time, African Americans have been a vibrant part of this city's history. The City of Alexandria would not exist in its present form were . . . Map (db m131547) HM
34Virginia, Alexandria — African Americans and the Civil WarFleeing, Fighting and Working for Freedom — City of Alexandria, Virginia Est. 1749 —
The Civil War (1861-1865) opened the door for opportunity and civil rights for African American Virginians, about 90 percent of whom were enslaved in 1860. The upheaval from battles and the federal presence in Alexandria and eastern Fairfax . . . Map (db m149734) HM
35Virginia, Alexandria — E-89 — Alexandria Academy
On 17 Dec. 1785, George Washington endowed a school here in the recently established Alexandria Academy “for the purpose of educating orphan children.” In 1812, an association of free African Americans founded its own school here in . . . Map (db m813) HM
36Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Archaeology MuseumCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
The launch of urban renewal in 1965 led to a boom of archaeological discoveries in Alexandria's Old and Historic District. As buildings were razed exposing artifact-laden layers of history, community outcry demanded that the City address and halt . . . Map (db m115770) HM
37Virginia, Alexandria — E-88 — Alexandria Library Sit-In
On 21 August 1939, five young African American men applied for library cards at the new Alexandria Library to protest its whites-only policy. After being denied, William Evans, Edward Gaddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange, and Otto L. Tucker each . . . Map (db m82774) HM
38Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria National Cemetery
Securing the Capital On May 24, 1861, Gen. Winfield Scott ordered eleven regiments of Union troops from Washington, D.C., across the Potomac River, where they captured Arlington and Alexandria. After their defeat in July at Manassas, . . . Map (db m92113) HM
39Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria, D.C.City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Alexandria was established by Virginia's colonial assembly in 1749, over four decades the U.S. Congress authorized creation of a national capital on the banks of the Potomac River. Once the final site for the Federal city was selected by President . . . Map (db m141166) HM
40Virginia, Alexandria — E-124 — Alfred Street Baptist Church
Alfred Street Baptist Church is home to the oldest African American congregation in Alexandria, dating to the early 19th century. It has served as a prominent religious, educational, and cultural institution. In 1818, the congregation, then . . . Map (db m14623) HM
41Virginia, Alexandria — Barrett Library / Black History Museum
The Alexandria Library's Kate Waller Barrett Branch (2 blocks north, 1 block east) and the Alexandria Black History Museum (6 blocks north) have an unusual shared history. The library building was constructed in 1938 and named for Dr. Kate Waller . . . Map (db m115715) HM
42Virginia, Alexandria — E-139 — Beulah Baptist Church
African Americans escaping slavery found refuge in Alexandria after Union troops occupied the city in 1861. The Rev. Clement “Clem” Robinson established the First Select Colored School in 1862. Hundreds of students registered for day and . . . Map (db m98079) HM
43Virginia, Alexandria — Carver Nursery School / Post 129City of Alexandria Est. 1749
This modest, wood-frame building has played an important role in the segregated history of Alexandria. During World War II, the federal government encouraged women to join the war effort by providing safe and affordable day care. In Alexandria, . . . Map (db m129190) HM
44Virginia, Alexandria — Carver SchoolCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Just two blocks north of this location along Fayette Street (named for the Marquis de Lafayette who visited Alexandria in 1824), near the southwest corner of Queen Street, stood the Old Powder House, dating from 1791-1809. On the same spot, the . . . Map (db m115713) HM
45Virginia, Alexandria — Chinquapin TrekAlexandria Heritage Trail
Travel the Chinquapin Trek The Chinquapin trek takes you back in time. Interpretive signs discuss the process associated with the formation of Taylor Run and forest succession. Illustration of trees, plants and wildlife assist you in . . . Map (db m150802) HM
46Virginia, Alexandria — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
The Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial is dedicated to honoring more than 1,700 people of African descent buried here during and following the Civil War, as well as those who may have been laid to rest after the cemetery officially . . . Map (db m77244) HM WM
47Virginia, Alexandria — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
Seeking freedom and a chance to begin a new life thousands of African Americans fleeing slavery flooded Civil War-era Alexandria. The city was quickly overwhelmed, and as living conditions grew dire, many perished from disease and deprivation. In . . . Map (db m86652) HM
48Virginia, Alexandria — Cross CanalHistoric Site
This area, called "Cross Canal," was a neighborhood of black residents who settled across from the canal shortly after the Civil War. The canal, located just north of this marker, extended from the Potomac River to Washington Street, thence north to . . . Map (db m129476) HM
49Virginia, Alexandria — Douglass Cemeterycirca, 1827
The Douglass Cemetery Association was founded in 1895 as a non-denominational, segregated cemetery for Alexandria's African American community. The Douglass Cemetery is named in memory of Frederick Douglass, who was an American abolitionist, . . . Map (db m140586) HM
50Virginia, Alexandria — Former USCT Burial GroundRather Die Freemen Than Live To Be Slaves
This corner of the cemetery was probably reserved for members of the U.S. Colored Troops, some of whom were veterans of battles like the siege of Petersburg and the Battle of the Crater. In 1864, a group of USCT convalescing at L'Ouveruture . . . Map (db m87058) HM
51Virginia, Alexandria — E-131 — Franklin and Armfield Slave Office(1315 Duke Street)
Isaac Franklin and John Armfield leased this brick building with access to the wharves and docks in 1828 as a holding pen for enslaved people being shipped from Northern Virginia to Louisiana. They purchased the building and three lots in 1832. From . . . Map (db m72628) HM
52Virginia, Alexandria — E-109 — Freedmen’s Cemetery
Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate . . . Map (db m122082) HM
53Virginia, Alexandria — Freedom House MuseumCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
The building at 1315 Duke Street, two blocks south of here, was originally built around 1812 as a residence for General Robert Young, commander of Alexandria's militia, who died in 1824. This three-story brick building then became the headquarters . . . Map (db m115706) HM
54Virginia, Alexandria — Jackson CemeteryCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
In 1884, James F. Jackson purchased the largest parcel in "The Fort," a post-Civil War African American community. He paid $300 for his 11.5 acres with the "western slope of a bank of Fort Ward." James and wife Catherine (Katie/Kittie), natives . . . Map (db m149737) HM
55Virginia, Alexandria — James Bland Homes
Funded by the U.S. Public Housing Administration and built by the Alexandria Housing and Redevelopment Authority (ARHA) between 1954 and 1959, the James Bland Homes was Alexandria's fourth public housing project, and it more than doubled the . . . Map (db m72374) HM
56Virginia, Alexandria — E-134 — L’Ouverture Hospital
Named for Toussaint L’Ouverture, the Haitian revolutionary. L’Ouverture Hospttal opened early in 1864 near the Freedmen’s barracks in Alexandria to serve sick and injured United States Colored Troops (USCT). Designed by the U.S. Army, . . . Map (db m108153) HM
57Virginia, Alexandria — Living History
Discover the spirit of Alexandria that has been making history for well over two centuries Founded in 1749, Alexandria was the center of commercial and political activity for early patriots such as George Washington as the seeds of the . . . Map (db m115776) HM
58Virginia, Alexandria — L'Overture Hospital HQFebruary 15, 1864
During the Civil War, 217 was the headquarters of the L'Overture Hospital. It was named after Tousaint L'Overture — Hispaniola's (Haiti) slave revolt leader. Patients were African American Union Soldiers & “contrabands” (escaped . . . Map (db m74279) HM WM
59Virginia, Alexandria — Market SquareOld Town — Welcome City of Alexandria 1749 —
Alexandria's Market Square was established only a few years after the town was founded in 1749. The site selected was centrally located in a prime block of the colonial settlement, immediately adjacent to the City Hall. At the time, Cameron and . . . Map (db m115757) HM
60Virginia, Alexandria — Meade Memorial Episcopal Church Bell Tower
The 1990 enlargement of this church is dedicated to God's glory and to the memory of the Afro-American Christians, many of them emancipated slaves, who became the congregation of Meade Church by Action of the vestry of Christ Church in 1873, two . . . Map (db m129187) HM
61Virginia, Alexandria — Oakland Baptist Church CemeteryCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
In 1939, Samuel Javins conveyed the land which was referred to as "Oakland Church lot" nine years earlier, to the Oakland Baptist Church, after the death of his wife, Florence McKnight Javins. She inherited the property from her mother, Harriet . . . Map (db m81223) HM
62Virginia, Alexandria — E-137 — Parker-Gray High School
Parker-Gray School opened on Wythe Street in 1920 to serve African American students in grades 1-8. Until upper-level classes were added in 1932, African Americans had to travel to the District of Columbia to attend high school. Civil rights . . . Map (db m98083) HM
63Virginia, Alexandria — Robert Robinson Library 1940Alexandria Black Resource Center / History Museum - 1989
Panel 1: In the summer of 1939, Attorney Samuel W. Tucker organized six youths — William Evans, Otto Tucker, Edward Caddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange, and Robert Strange — for a “sit-in” at the segregated . . . Map (db m141636) HM
64Virginia, Alexandria — E 140 — Roberts Memorial United Methodist Church
At the end of the 18th century, African Americans constituted half of the congregation at Alexandria's Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church. With support from Trinity, black members founded a separate congregation early in the 1830s, and their . . . Map (db m127781) HM
65Virginia, Alexandria — Saint Joseph's Church1915-1990 — Alexandria, Virginia —
Under the guidance of the Most Reverend Denis J. O'Connell, Bishop of Richmond, Saint Joseph's Church was built by Father Joseph J. Kelly, of the Society of Saint Joseph (the Josephites) with the assistance of many benefactors, among them being the . . . Map (db m129200) HM
66Virginia, Alexandria — Schools in the Town of PotomacTown of Potomac — 1908 - 1929 —
In September 1900, Alexandria County opened the original Mount Vernon School on this property to educate children up to the 8th grade. In spite of continual expansion, crowding was always a problem. By 1932, it was necessary to rent the bank . . . Map (db m115682) HM
67Virginia, Alexandria — E-136 — Shiloh Baptist Church
Alexandria, occupied by Union troops during the Civil War, became a refuge for African Americans escaping slavery. Before the war ended, about 50 former slaves founded the Shiloh Society, later known as Shiloh Baptist Church. Members held services . . . Map (db m91684) HM
68Virginia, Alexandria — The Alexanders & AgricultureCity of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Potomac Yard —
Potomac Yard was once part of a vast, wooded landscape overlooking the Potomac River. The original 6,000-acre tract (about 9 square miles) was passed down through generations of the John Alexander family and divided among surviving spouses and . . . Map (db m115672) HM
69Virginia, Alexandria — The Alexandria Almshouse1908 Town of Potomac 1929
The Alexandria Almshouse was a publicly-funded poorhouse and workhouse where the needy could find refuge and the courts often sentenced people for vagrancy or indebtedness. Residents worked hard for their sustenance. The Almshouse was built about . . . Map (db m133930) HM
70Virginia, Alexandria — The Edmonson SistersAlexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, Virginia Est. 1749 —
The West End in the 19th century centered on Duke Street and Diagonal Road. Large undeveloped, the area was devoted to stockyards, agricultural shipment, and "a" notorious business: the slave trade. The house at 1707 Duke Street (left) was part . . . Map (db m151028) HM
71Virginia, Alexandria — The Hump: Open Lots For Blocks
The racially integrated working-class neighborhood known as the Hump, named for the high ground at its northern boundary, once spanned three blocks, centering on the 800 block of Montgomery Street. The Hump was first settled in the decade . . . Map (db m72500) HM
72Virginia, Alexandria — The Law Office of Cohen, Cohen, and HirschkopLoving v. Virginia — City of Alexandria, Virginia Est. 1749 —
"Mr. Cohen, tell the court I love my wife and it is just unfair that I can't live with her in Virginia." Richard Loving
The law office of Bernard Cohen and Philip Hirschkop was here at 110 N. Royal Street on June . . . Map (db m156847) HM
73Virginia, Alexandria — The Memorial PoolCasualties of Segregation
African Americans in Alexandria suffered, along with other of their race, when a segregated system prevented them from enjoying recreation facilities in their hometown. From 1926 to 1951, the city had a municipal pool for white residents . . . Map (db m80843) HM
74Virginia, Alexandria — The Oakland Baptist ChurchCity of Alexandria Est. 1749
Several residents of "The Fort" community were founders of the Oakland Baptist Church, which is located at the intersection of King Street and Braddock Road. The congregation started worshiping in a bush arbor as Oak Hill Baptist Mission in 1888 . . . Map (db m81185) HM
75Virginia, Alexandria — The West EndAlexandria Heritage Trail
The area around duke street between Hooff's Run and the base of Shuter's Hill was once known as "West End." Originally subdivided and sold by John and Thomas West in the 1780s, West End became a thriving community well positioned for commerce along . . . Map (db m72367) HM
76Virginia, Alexandria — E 147 — Third Baptist Church
Alexandria, occupied by Union troops in 1861, attracted many African Americans escaping slavery. In Jan. 1864, a group of formerly enslaved people organized Third Freedmen's Baptist Church (later Third Baptist Church). The congregation moved to this . . . Map (db m140583) HM
77Virginia, Alexandria — E 151 — Universal Lodge No. 1
Prince Hall Masonry originated in Massachusetts in 1775 when a lodge attached to the British army initiated Prince Hall and 14 other free black men as Freemasons. Universal Lodge No. 1, the first Prince Hall lodge in Virginia, was established in . . . Map (db m134455) HM
78Virginia, Alexandria — Visiting Old Town
(obverse side) King Street Trolley Free Proceed directly ahead to trolley stop Welcome to Old Town Alexandria! Experience historical charm with contemporary flair from the river to the rails Plan Alexandria Visitors . . . Map (db m115143) HM
79Virginia, Alexandria — War, Rails, and Wells — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
This city block became part of the Alexandria town grid in 1798. Near the rural outskirts of the developing town, the block remained vacant throughout the nineteenth century. Colross, a country estate, was established in the vicinity, and outside . . . Map (db m70671) HM
80Virginia, Alexandria — Welcome to Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
[West wall:] During the Civil War, Alexandria's population swelled with more than 20,000 enslaved African Americans fleeing Confederate territory for safety behind Union lines. Initially called Contrabands because they were considered . . . Map (db m127734) HM
81Virginia, Alexandria — Wilkes Street TunnelCity of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
The Wilkes Street Tunnel was part of the eastern division of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, founded in 1848 to promote trade with western Virginia. The Orange & Alexandria inaugurated its track in Alexandria on May 7, 1851 with a run from the . . . Map (db m143378) HM
82Virginia, Alexandria — Windmill HillCity of Alexandria Est. 1749 — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Now a city park, Windmill Hill got its name from the windmill built here on Miller's Cliff by inventor John R. Remington in 1843. With soothing winds and a grand view of the busy port, the hill was the scene of fashionable promenades and numerous . . . Map (db m143377) HM
83Virginia, Alexandria — Within Its WallsA Foundation for Education and Opportunity
Clara Shorts Adams and Robert Adams conveyed a quarter-acre to the Falls Church School District of Fairfax County in 1898 for the purpose of educating African American children. The one-room "Colored School Building at Seminary" was the first . . . Map (db m167217) HM
84Virginia, Alexandria — World War I Memorial
In honor of all from the City of Alexandria who served and died during World War I Robert Adams George Anderton Stanley Bernard Herbert Bernhard William Bradley Bernard Brock William Brown Christopher Cloxom Thomas Cook . . . Map (db m129195) WM
85Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — 10 — Mrs. Samantha Jane NeilAmelia Court House, Virginia — Amelia County —
Amelia County is largely indebted to one woman for bringing formal education and religion to African Americans after the Civil War. In 1865 Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil left her home in Pennsylvania to search for her husband’s body. He had been a . . . Map (db m20239) HM
86Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — 9 — Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and SchoolAmelia Court House, Virginia — Amelia County —
Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and the Russell Grove School were established as a result of the efforts of Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil, a Presbyterian missionary and teacher of African-American children after the Civil War. At first the school . . . Map (db m28927) HM
87Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Amelia SpringsTwo Days of Action — Lee's Retreat —
Union cavalry under Gen. Henry E. Davies, Jr. left Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s column near Jetersville on April 5, 1865, on a reconnaissance mission against the Army of Northern Virginia. Davies swept by here, rode through Paineville, and four Miles . . . Map (db m28834) HM
88Virginia (Amherst County), Amherst — R-23 — The Courage of Frank Padget
Heavy rains early in 1854 left the James River and the treacherous Balcony Falls in full flood. On 21 January the towrope of the canal boat, Clinton, snapped. Washed over the Mountain Dam and through successive falls, its passengers became . . . Map (db m96744) HM
89Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — M 37 — African American Banjoists
West Africans developed the forerunners of the modern banjo. Free and enslaved Africans in the Americas later made similar stringed instruments, typically of animal hides, gourds, wood, and gut or horsehair. Black musicians who lived near here, . . . Map (db m172200) HM
90Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — 2 — Carver-Price SchoolCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail — Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —
In 1929-30 the Appomattox training school was built on this site with funds raised by Mozella Price, who served as Supervisor of Appomattox Counter Negro Schools from 1919 to 1963. It was a cinder block building, employing four teachers. At the . . . Map (db m29969) HM
91Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — 3 — Education in 1800's Rural VirginiaCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail — Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —
Before and during the Civil War, educational opportunities in Rural Virginia were often limited. The wealthier families employed a tutor or sent their children to boarding academies such as the nearby Union Academy. In such schools students learned . . . Map (db m169313) HM
92Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — M-68 — Popularizer of the Banjo
Nearby is buried Joel Walker Sweeney (ca. 1810-1860), the musician who redesigned this African instrument into the modern five-string banjo that is known today. Although slaves apparently added the fifth string to what had been a four-strong . . . Map (db m30076) HM
93Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — 1 — Winonah Camp / Mozella Price HomeCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail — Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —
Mozella Jordan Price was instrumental in improving the education and quality of life for African Americans in Appomattox County. Mrs. Price was educated in Farmville schools, attended Boydton Institute, Virginia State College, and earned a Bachelor . . . Map (db m29971) HM
94Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Buffalo Soldiers at Fort MyerThis sign marks the site of the proposed Buffalo Soldiers Memorial
Following the Civil War four regiments (9th and 10th Cavalry; 24th and 25th Infantry) of African-American enlisted men, under the command of white officers, were formed to fight on the Western frontier. They did so with distinction being nicknamed . . . Map (db m41108) HM
95Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Charles Drew House
Dr. Charles R. Drew lived in this house from 1920 to 1939. His groundbreaking research led to the modern-day blood bank and proved that blood plasma could be used in place of whole blood transfusions. He served as director of the Red Cross Blood . . . Map (db m134967) HM
96Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Dr. Roland Herman Bruner
Dr. Roland Herman Bruner, born on March 7, 1902 in Burkittsville, Maryland, served Arlington County for over 40 years. He should be remembered not only for his commitment to medicine and generosity to the community and his patients, but also for . . . Map (db m130993) HM
97Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Drew School
In 1945 a new segregated elementary school was built for Arlington’s African American population in the Green Valley, now Nauck, neighborhood. It was the only Arlington school to be built in the Art Moderne architectural style. Originally called the . . . Map (db m69192) HM
98Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Fort Runyon after the Civil War
Following the end of the Civil War, Fort Runyon was dismantled, the garrison sent home, and the land returned to its owner, James Roach. Squatters — among them freed blacks — occupied the vacant fort, scavenging its timbers for . . . Map (db m134989) HM
99Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Freedman’s VillageA New Home for African Americans
During the Civil War, many escaped and freed slaves traveled north seeking refuge in Union camps. Thousands crowded into the Federal City. The number of refugees quickly overwhelmed the area’s resources. Overcrowding and disease became prevalent. In . . . Map (db m5293) HM
100Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Freedman's Village
After the outbreak of the Civil War, escaped slaves sought refuge at Union Camps and thousands crowded into the Federal City. In response to the unhealthy conditions in Washington, the government selected a site on Arlington Heights in May, 1863, to . . . Map (db m6409) HM

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May. 12, 2021