“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Pages Containing «john brown»

Here Lies Buried John Brown Marker Detail image, Touch for more information
By Howard C. Ohlhous, August 12, 2011
Here Lies Buried John Brown Marker Detail
1New York (Essex County), North Elba — Here Lies Buried John Brown
John Brown of Osawatomie Here Lies Buried John Brown Born at Torrington, Connecticut May 9th, 1800 He emigrated to Kansas in 1855 where he took an active part in the contest against the pro-slavery party. He gained in August 1856 a . . . Map (db m46521) HM

2Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — Battle of Osawatomie
On the morning of August 30, 1856, John Brown led about 30 antislavery men into battle against 250 proslavery Missourians. This Battle of Osawatomie raged on the site of John Brown Memorial Park. Local tradition maintains that the statue of . . . Map (db m21125) HM

3West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Moving SymbolHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In it really began the Civil War. Here was lighted the torch of liberty for all America… For you this is the most hallowed shrine in this country. Henry McDonald, Storer College president The foundations in front of you mark a temporary site . . . Map (db m8318) HM

4Ontario (Chatham-Kent Division), Chatham — John Brown's Convention 1858
On May 10, 1858, American abolitionist John Brown held the last in a series of clandestine meetings here at First Baptist Church. Brown planned to establish an independent republic within the United States and wage guerrilla war to . . . Map (db m71386) HM
5California (San Bernardino County), Hesperia — 5 — John Brown Road at The Mojave Trail1870 and Prehistoric
In 1848, a detour branched off the ancient Mojave Trail (parallels Choiceana Avenue) going west to Cajon's old summit. In 1870, road maker John Brown enlarged the detour which with time became a major thoroughfare. Padre Garces, Jed Smith, Kit . . . Map (db m166560) HM
6California (San Bernardino County), Hesperia — 4 — John Brown Road CrossingAt Main Street — 1870 —
In 1870, road builder John A. Brown upgraded a small path into a road ten miles in length. Running between Cajon's old summit and the prehistoric Mojave Trail, it passed through Hesperia diagonally crossing today's Main Street in the . . . Map (db m166640) HM
7California (San Joaquin County), Stockton — 513 — John Brown(California’s Paul Revere)
In 1846, during American conquest of California, John Brown, nicknamed “Juan Flaco,” rode from Los Angeles to San Francisco in four days to warn Commodore Stockton of the siege of Los Angeles. As a result, troops were sent and the city . . . Map (db m16011) HM
8Connecticut (Litchfield County), Torrington — John Brown Birthplace
John Brown, the abolitionist, was born at this site on May 9, 1800. He dedicated his life to ending slavery in the United States. Brown became a spokesperson for those abolitionists who believed that slavery could only be eliminated by force. He is . . . Map (db m30187) HM
9Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — John Brown Gordon1832 - 1904
A native of Upson County, Georgia, and a Major General, Confederate States Army, was one of General Lee's most trusted and outstanding officers. He brilliantly led his devoted men in every engagement in which the Army of Northern Virginia . . . Map (db m64831) HM
10Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — John Brown Gordon
John Brown Gordon, son of the Rev. Zachariah Herndon Gordon and Mrs. Malinda Cox Gordon, was born in Upson County Feb. 6, 1832. He attended a rural school in Walker County, Pleasant Green Academy in Lafayette, and the University of Georgia. He . . . Map (db m86837) HM
11Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — John Brown and the Siege of Lawrence, September 14-15, 1856
On the afternoon of September 14th, 1856, the Free State settlement of Lawrence, Kansas Territory was threatened with invasion by an army of 2700 Pro-slavery Missourians under the command of Generals David R. Atchison and John W. Reid. Encamping . . . Map (db m76325) HM
12Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 1 — Battle of Osawatomie
The Battle of Osawatomie was fought on this site on the morning of August 30, 1856. John Brown led a force of about 30 Free State guerilla fighters in battle against John Reid and 250 proslavery militia men. John Brown chose this battlefield, . . . Map (db m69286) HM
13Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — John Brown Battleground
Purchased by Department of Kansas Womans Relief Corps Dedicated to the Grand Army of the Republic Presented to the State of Kansas for a memorial parkMap (db m69244) WM
14Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 50 — John Brown Country
Osawatomie - the name derives from a combination of Osage and Pottawatomie - was settled in 1854 by Free-State families from the Ohio Valley and New England. John Brown, soon to become famous for his militant abolitionism, joined five of his . . . Map (db m69325) HM
15Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — John Brown of Kansas
. . . Map (db m4347) HM
16Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — John Brown Statue1935
Cast by the Borbedine Foundry in Paris which made the Statue of LibertyMap (db m69245) HM
17Kansas (Wyandotte County), Kansas City — John Brown
Erected to the memory of John Brown by a grateful peopleMap (db m69455) HM
18Kentucky (Franklin County), Frankfort — 1653 — Liberty Hall / John Brown (1757-1837)
Liberty Hall A National Historic Landmark This Georgian mansion was begun 1796, by John Brown and named for Lexington, Virginia academy he attended. His wife Margaretta and Elizabeth Love began first Sunday School west of Alleghenies in . . . Map (db m84387) HM
19Maryland (Washington County), Dargan — John Brown
and his associates collected arms and ammunition on the Kennedy Farm (Samples Manor) in Maryland for months prior to the raid on the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, October 17, 1859Map (db m1988) HM
20Maryland (Washington County), Dargan — John Brown, 59, HangedIn Memoriam
In Memoriam To the Provisional Army of the United States of America and their presence at Kennedy Farm the Summer of 1859 John Brown, 59, Hanged Annie Brown, 16, Sent Home Martha Brown, 17, Sent Home John Henry Kagi, 24, Killed . . . Map (db m151957) HM
21Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — John Brown
The Washington House Hotel was a major stop on the National Pike and served as a hospital at times throughout the Civil War. Prior to organizing his raid on the Federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, John Brown registered under the assumed name of "I. . . . Map (db m20846) HM
22Maryland (Washington County), Williamsport — The John Brown Bell
In May 1861, Company I, 13th Massachusetts Infantry was on patrol in Harpers Ferry, and found the engine house where John Brown's raid ended on October 17, 1859. The bell was still in place, and knowing their hometown hook and ladder company needed . . . Map (db m131803) HM
23Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Marlborough — The John Brown Bell
Symbol of a nation's efforts to obtain freedom and equality for it's [sic] people The John Brown Bell owned, and placed here, John A. Rawlins Building Association, acting in behalf of Akroyd Houde Post 132, the American legion, with the . . . Map (db m155034) HM
24Michigan (Wayne County), Detroit — S0224 — Frederick Douglass - John Brown Meeting
In the home of William Webb, 200 feet north of this spot, two famous Americans met several Detroit Negro residents on March 12, 1859, to discuss methods of abolishing American Negro slavery. John Brown (1800-1859), fiery antislavery leader, ardently . . . Map (db m168910) HM
25New York (Essex County), Elizabethtown — John Brown’s Body
John Brown’s body guarded by local citizens rested in this court house on the night of Dec. 6, 1859 on its way to burial at his home in North Elba.Map (db m136665) HM
26New York (Essex County), North Elba — John Brown
John Brown occupied house on this site in 1848-50 while clearing the land. Now known as John Brown's farm.Map (db m151658) HM
27New York (Essex County), Ticonderoga — Colonel John Brown
of Pittsfield, Mass. killed October 19th, 1780 at Stone Arabia, N.Y. on his thirty-fifth birthday. Was with Ethan Allen, May 10th, 1775. Made a gallant attempt to retake the fort September 17th to 22nd, 1777 but failed owing to the sturdy defence . . . Map (db m9484) HM
28New York (New York County), New York — John Brown's Body On The BoweryMcGraw and Taylor Undertakers — 163 Bowery —
This is the former site of undertakers McGraw and Taylor, where the body of John Brown was secretly prepared for burial. Executed on December 2, 1859, for the raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, the radical abolitionist had tried to ignite an armed . . . Map (db m133037) HM
29New York (Schenectady County), Niskayuna — John Brown Hiking Trails and Mohawk River State Park
History of the John Brown Hiking Trails and Mohawk River State Park Named for local preservationist, the John Brown Hiking Trails wind through 100 acres on Niskayuna Town land and 117 acres on the Mohawk River State Park, formerly the . . . Map (db m158316) HM
30Ohio (Summit County), Akron — 50-77 — Abolitionist John Brown(1800-1859)
Side A Born in Torrington, Connecticut, John Brown moved with his family to Hudson, Ohio, in 1805 and lived many years in Portage and Summit Counties. His expert knowledge of sheep and wool led to a business partnership with Colonel Simon . . . Map (db m164892) HM
31Ohio (Summit County), Hudson — Boyhood home of John Brown
Hudson, Ohio. Boyhood home of John Brown (1800-1859.) Abolitionist John Brown came to Hudson as a boy in 1805 and lived here until 1826. A frequent visitor to Hudson in the ensuing years, Brown attended services at the Free Congregational Church, . . . Map (db m158469) HM
32Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Richmond Township — John Brown Tannery
John Brown of Ossawatomie and Harper's Ferry worked here as a tanner, 1825-35. The nearby house was then his home. His first wife and son are buried near.Map (db m50447) HM
33Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Richmond Township — John Brown's Tannery
On the side road, a short distance south, are the remains of the tannery and home built by the noted abolitionist of Harper's Ferry fame. Here, he lived and worked from 1825 to 1835, employing as many as 15 men in producing leather.Map (db m50446) HM
34Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Abolitionist John Brown Boards in Chambersburg
Preparing for the raid on Harpers Ferry arsenal, John Brown came to Chambersburg in the summer of 1859 wearing a beard as a disguise and using the alias of Isaac Smith. He took up residence at Mary Ritner’s boarding house on East King Street, . . . Map (db m18531) HM
35Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Frederick Douglass and John Brown
The two abolitionists met at a stone quarry here, Aug. 19-21, 1859, and discussed Browns plans to raid the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. He urged Douglass to join an armed demonstration against slavery. Douglass refused, warning the raid would . . . Map (db m18625) HM
36Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — John Brown
Boarded in this house for a while in the summer of 1859 under the name of "Smith". While in Chambersburg, he secretly received firearms and ammunition. Later in 1859k Brown led a raid on the arsenal at Harper's Ferry.Map (db m8103) HM
37Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mont Alto — John Brown Raid
Captain John Cooke, one of Brown’s followers, was captured near here on October 25, 1859, nine days after the raid on Harper's Ferry. He was hanged December 16, two weeks after John Brown.Map (db m1009) HM
38Rhode Island (Providence County), Providence — John Brown House
The home of John Brown Reflecting the wealth and position gained from his lucrative career as a slave trader, privateer, China trade merchant and Patriot.Map (db m56014) HM
39West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Holy GroundHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Here on the scene of John Brown’s martyrdom we reconsecrate ourselves, our honor, our property to the final emancipation of the race which John Brown died to make free… Thank God for John Brown!... and all the hallowed dead who died for . . . Map (db m8316) HM
40West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Murphy Farm
Established 1869 Alexander Murphy 1840-1931 Mollie M. Murphy 1869-1945 Mary Murphy 1834-1908 William J. Murphy 1872-1931 Historical events on the Farm: Battle of Harpers Ferry September 13-15, 1862 General Philip Sheridan's Fortification August . . . Map (db m13275) HM
41West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Hanging SiteCreation of a Martyr — Prelude to War —
This is where seven men were hanged in December 1859 and March 1860 for their part in John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry. The scaffold stood here in a large field. A month after the trial, on December 2, 1859, John Brown was the first to die. He . . . Map (db m41650) HM
42West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Scaffold
Within these grounds a short distance east of this marker is the site of the scaffold on which John Brown, leader of the Harpers Ferry raid, was executed December the Second, 1859.Map (db m12603) HM
43West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Site of the Execution of John Brown
Site of the execution on Dec. 2, 1859, of John Brown, leader of the raid at Harper’s Ferry.Map (db m62250) HM
44West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Trial of John BrownJefferson County Courthouse — Prelude to War —
One of the most famous trials in American history was held in this building in 1859, when John Brown and his followers faced charges of treason against Virginia, inciting slaves to rebel, and murder. Judge Richard Parker presided. The trial . . . Map (db m170247) HM
45West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harpers Ferry / John Brown’s Fort
(West Facing Side): Harpers Ferry Named for Robert Harper, who settled here in 1747 and operated ferry. Site purchased for Federal arsenal and armory in 1796. John Hall first used interchangeable gun parts here. Travel route thru Blue . . . Map (db m82777) HM
46West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown
That this nation might have a new birth of freedom, That slavery should be removed forever from American soil. John Brown and his 21 men gave their lives. To commemorate their heroism, this tablet is placed on this . . . Map (db m167876) HM WM
47West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown
Here John Brown aimed at human slavery a blow that woke a guilty nation. With him fought seven slaves and sons of slaves. Over his crucified corpse marched 200,000 black soldiers and 4,000,000 freedmen singing “John Brown’s body lies . . . Map (db m158453) HM
48West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown Fort
Here is a building with a curious past. Since its construction in 1848, it has been vandalized, dismantled, and moved four times - all because of its fame as John Brown's stronghold. The Fort's "Movements" 1848 Built as fire-engine house for . . . Map (db m4420) HM
49West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown Monument
Commemorated here is the original location of the "John Brown Fort"--the Federal Armory's fire engine house where abolitionist John Brown and his raiders were captured by the U.S. Marines on October 18, 1859. If you look to the south, you will see . . . Map (db m10900) HM
50West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown's Last StandHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You are in the line of fire. The stone marker in front of you identifies the original site of the armory fire engine house - now known as John Brown's Fort. Barricaded inside the fort, abolitionist John Brown and his men held off local militia and . . . Map (db m23413) HM
51West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — The John Brown Raiders
This plaque is dedicated to the John Brown raiders, a group of men led by John Brown who, at Harpers Ferry on October 17, 1859 struck a blow against slavery. Killed at Harpers Ferry Jeremiah Anderson • Oliver Brown • Watson Brown • John Henri . . . Map (db m103497) HM

52Iowa (Cass County), Lewis — Fighting Slavery – Aiding RunawaysJohn Brown Freedom Trail — December 20, 1858 - March 12, 1859 —
Iowa assumed an important place in America’s Underground Railroad history when Missourians closed off the Missouri River to Kansas bound settlers. For Iowa residents involved in helping runaways, the work was a dangerous and illegal business. Most . . . Map (db m93885) HM
53Maryland (Washington County), Dargan — Kennedy FarmStaging and Planning John Brown's Harpers Ferry Raid
This is the Kennedy farmhouse, which abolitionist John Brown (using the pseudonym Isaac Smith) leased in July 1859 from Dr. Robert Kennedy's heirs, ostensibly to do some prospecting. Brown's fifteen-year-old daughter, Annie Brown, identified the . . . Map (db m169872) HM
54Pennsylvania (Chester County), Tredyffrin Township — Knox’s QuartersJohn Brown Farm
Brigadier General Henry Knox, Washington’s 27 year old artillery chief, used as his quarters the small stone section of this house. Located upstream on Valley Creek from Washington’s Headquarters, this was the farm home of John Brown and his family. . . . Map (db m28876) HM
55West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Allstadt HouseJohn Brown's Hostages — Prelude to War —
The Allstadt House and Ordinary was the home of John H. Allstadt. On the evening of October 16, 1859, John Brown and his "army" of would-be slave liberators launched their attack on Harpers Ferry from Kennedy Farm just across the Potomac River in . . . Map (db m145216) HM
56West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Edge Hill CemeteryJohn Brown Raid Victims
Edge Hill Cemetery contains the graves of Fontaine Beckham and John Avis, two participants in the saga of John Brown’s Raid in October 1859. Beckham was the mayor of Harpers Ferry then and one of four civilian casualties. Ironically, though John . . . Map (db m41672) HM
57West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County CourthouseWhere John Brown Was Tried — Visitors are Welcome. —
In this courthouse, John Brown, the abolitionist, was tried and found guilty of treason, conspiracy and murder. He was hanged four blocks from here on December 2, 1859.Map (db m1742) HM

58Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Civil War: Abolitionist, Scout, Spy and NurseCivil War Era — 1858 - 1865 —
The Slavery Conflict Deepens During the 1850's the deep-rooted conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery Americans intensified. The 'abolitionists' were united around the common long-run goal of abolishing slavery. But they differed . . . Map (db m109916) HM

59Kansas (Douglas County), Baldwin City — The Battle of Black Jack"Civil War in Kansas!"
"Let not the knives of pro-slavery men be sheathed while there is one abolitionist in the Territory." —Squatter Sovereign proslavery newspaper in Atchison, Kansas Territory, June 10, 1856 On this site at dawn on June 2, 1856, the . . . Map (db m20051) HM
60West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Frederick Blessing
John Blessing was born in Germany and came to the United States and made his home in Baltimore, Maryland. He moved to Charles Town 1853 and purchased a large brick building on the corner of Charles and Washington Streets (Now known as the Shugart . . . Map (db m132445) HM
61West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — "The War That Ended Slavery"Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"The War That Ended Slavery" Abolitionist Frederick Douglass, from his 1881 Storer College Commencement speech "I want to free all the negroes in this [slave] state ... if the citizens interfere with me I must only burn . . . Map (db m143940) HM

62West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Burned, Flooded, and LeveledHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The stone and brick walls in front of you show the outline of the Small Arsenal. The actual foundation of this former weapons storehouse lies below ground. In 1959 National Park Service archaeologists first excavated the foundation—100 years . . . Map (db m143937) HM
63West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Heyward Shepherd
On the night of October 16, 1859, Heyward Shepherd, an industrious and respected Colored freeman, was mortally wounded by John Brown's raiders in pursuance of his duties as an employee of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. He became the first . . . Map (db m126128) HM

64Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 4 — Battle of Osawatomie
John Reid's proslavery militia men set up cannon on John Brown's Free State Guerilla force's flank here on this high ground and fired into John Brown's Free State guerilla forces line of defense while Reid's proslavery militia men attacked the . . . Map (db m69225) HM

65Maryland (Baltimore), University of Maryland — A Mother’s Grief
In an age of high infant mortality, Sarah and John Brown experience more than their share of loss. Plagued by smallpox, yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, measles and mumps, early Baltimore families buried one of every three children before their . . . Map (db m30564) HM
66Virginia (Rappahannock County), Amissville — Dangerfield NewbyA Tragic Journey to Harpers Ferry
Dangerfield Newby (ca. 1820-1859), a free mulatto for whose family this crossroads is named, was the first of John Brown’s raiders killed during the attack on Harpers Ferry on October 16, 1859. He was the eldest child of Henry Newby and a slave, . . . Map (db m50611) HM
67West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Post OfficeJefferson County Jail
On the site of this Post Office stood the Jefferson County Jail where John Brown and his fellow prisoners were confined after their raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859. After court trial John Brown was taken from the Jail here to his death on . . . Map (db m2027) HM

68Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Washington Township — The Raid On Harpers FerryCaptain John Cook And His Capture
To spark a civil war, John Brown came to Ritner Boarding House in Chambersburg, PA, where he began to plan his famous raid on Harper’s Ferry, in 1859. At the time, Brown was calling himself Isaac Smith. By mid summer, he had rented the Kennedy farm, . . . Map (db m136152) HM
69Virginia, Winchester — A "Malicious Design"Burning the Winchester Medical College
This is the former location of the Winchester Medical College. In the spring of 1862, Union soldiers from Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's command allegedly entered the building and discovered a partially dissected African American boy. They also found . . . Map (db m126603) HM
70West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harpers Ferry HistoryHeyward Shepherd — Another Perspective
Heyward Shepherd On October 17, 1859, abolitionist John Brown attacked Harpers Ferry to launch a war against slavery, Heyward Shepherd, a free African American railroad baggage master, was shot and killed by Brown’s men shortly after midnight. . . . Map (db m171726) HM

71Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — 46 — Marais des Cygnes Massacre
Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19, 1858, about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, . . . Map (db m4359) HM
72Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Marais des Cygnes Massacre State Historic Site Trail
A Nation at Odds The mid 1800s were a time of turmoil and tragedy in the U.S. The issue of slavery polarized the nation. It created a moral, political, and economic dilemma. The struggle over slavery ultimately led to the Civil War, splitting . . . Map (db m39862) HM
73Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 5 — Battle of Osawatomie
The Battle of Osawatomie was a military victory for proslavery forces, and a moral and propaganda victory for Free State forces in Kansas Territory. John Brown became a symbol of Free State resistance to proslavery forces, and inspired Free . . . Map (db m69243) HM
74Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 2 — Battle of Osawatomie
John Reid's proslavery militia men formed up in two lines on horseback here and attacked John Brown's Free State guerillas in an aggressive charge. The proslavery Militia men were mounted on horses that were not trained for combat, and began to . . . Map (db m69221) HM
75Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 6 — Old Stone ChurchOsawatomie Driving Tour
Built by Rev. Samuel Adair brother-in-law of John Brown. Dedicated July 14, 1861Map (db m69315) HM
76Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — Site of the Battle of Osawatomie
John Brown defended Osawatomie against an attack by Pro Slavery Militia in the largest battle during the Bleeding Kansas Era on August 30, 1856Map (db m69288) HM
77Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 9 — Soldiers MonumentOsawatomie Driving Tour
Erected to honor the 5 men killed in the Battle of Osawatomie on August 30, 1856. Dedicated August 30, 1877 —————————— [Monument inscription reads] In commemoration of those who . . . Map (db m69304) HM
78New York (Monroe County), Rush — Hallock House
Frederick Douglass often visited Quaker Wm. Hallock who induced him to reject John Brown's violent plans to free the slaves.Map (db m58093) HM
79New York (New York County), New York — 200 Years & Counting206-8 Bowery
Remarkably surviving for over 200 years, 206 Bowery is one of the few row houses on the Bowery that still retains most of its Federal style characteristics, including its 2 ½-story height, 3-bay width, gambrel roof and pair of gable dormers. . . . Map (db m133618) HM
80Rhode Island (Providence County), Providence — 9 & 10 — Tockwotton and the Indiamen / Sails to Rails 1835: Providence's First Train StationProvidence Harbor Walk at Fox Point & India Point
Tockwotton and the Indiamen The close of the War of Independence in 1783 found the local economy dominated by maritime trade. Wharves along South Water Street became overcrowded with merchant ships, as depicted in the 1800s scene above. In . . . Map (db m151689) HM
81Texas (Shackelford County), Albany — 13676 — The Rev. John Brown, Clara Barton and the 1886-1887 Drought Relief
Scottish immigrant John Brown (1842-1903) moved west following his theological studies in New York. He married Mary Jane Matthews Larn near Fort Griffin and in 1884 became minister of Albany Presbyterian Church, just as West Texas farmers and . . . Map (db m85634) HM
82West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Two Treason Trials
Jefferson County's Most Famous Trial In the room immediately behind this wall, the abolitionist John Brown and five of his raiders were tried for treason against the state of Virginia, murder and inciting slaves to rebel. Brown had led 21 men . . . Map (db m21767) HM
83West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Storer College 1867-1955Harpers Ferry National Historic Park
Thousands of blacks seeking refuge from slavery and protection behind Union lines fled to Harpers Ferry during the Civil War. Recognizing the importance of education for former slaves, the government’s Freedmen’s Bureau began a school here in . . . Map (db m158425) HM

84Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — John Gordon Proposes a Flank Attack
On the morning of May 6, Confederate General John B. Gordon occupied the far Confederate left, in this vicinity, with his brigade of Georgians. Gordon reconnoitered to his left and front and discovered the Union right flank to be vulnerable to an . . . Map (db m7384) HM
85West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Washington Turner
There sleeps beneath all that was mortal of GEORGE W. TURNER Born at Wheatland in the County of Jefferson Jany. 11th 1814. Graduated at West Point 1831, and fell nobly maintaining the rights of his State at Harpers . . . Map (db m103553) HM
86West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Nation's ArmoryHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You are standing directly across the street from the main entrance of one of the nation's first military industrial complexes. The U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry, now covered by an embankment of dirt and rubble, produced the deadliest weapons of its . . . Map (db m24919) HM

87Kansas (Jackson County), Netawaka — Battle of the Spurs
New Inscription One witness to this event later wrote that it was “no joke” to attack old John Brown. The abolitionist inspired such terror that in January 1859, about 1.5 miles north of here, a U.S. marshal fled at the mere . . . Map (db m127434) HM
88Ohio (Lorain County), Oberlin — Oberlin and the Underground Railroad — Historic Underground Railroad Site —
A key junction on the Underground Railroad in Oberlin, Ohio connected at least five routes that led from slavery to freedom. No fugitive in Oberlin was ever returned to bondage. Freedom seekers lived openly in the town, and were supported by . . . Map (db m144166) HM
89Ohio (Portage County), Mantua — The Underground Railroad/Escaping Slavery In Eastern OhioHistoric Underground Railroad Site
(side 1) The Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad, but a system of loosely connected safe havens where those escaping the brutal conditions of slavery were sheltered, fed, clothed, . . . Map (db m160737) HM
90Rhode Island (Providence County), Providence — 11 — Bridging the SeekonkProvidence Harbor Walk at Fox Point & India Point
In 1793, John Brown and associates built the first bridge to connect India Point with what is now East Providence. A toll bridge was variously called John Brown's Bridge, India Bridge, and finally Washington Bridge, because of a wooden statue of . . . Map (db m151685) HM
91West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Six Acres That Changed the WorldHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Along this path lie the remains of revolutions. Six acres of the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry have been reduced to rubble. Buildings that buzzed with activity and innovation now lie covered with dirt. Train tracks that pushed to the edge of a new . . . Map (db m20475) HM
92West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Welcome to St. Peter’s Roman Catholic Church
High above the storied town of Harpers Ferry, with the tranquil waters of the Shenandoah River flowing just below, sits historic St. Peter’s Church. Deeply rooted in the rich history of the Church in West Virginia, the Civil War, and one of the . . . Map (db m124619) HM

93Ontario (Chatham-Kent Division), Chatham — The Abolition Movement in British North America
From 1783 until the 1860s, abolitionists in British North America took part in the fight to end slavery both at home and in the United States. Thanks to the determination of colonial officials, anti-slavery organizations, and the thousands of . . . Map (db m71391) HM
94Arizona (Coconino County), Flagstaff — The Navajo Code Talkers
The original thirty-two Code Talkers were organized to develop codes based on their native language which were used extensively during World War II. These and many other Native Americans served bravely throughout the Pacific and other combat zones. . . . Map (db m33344) HM
95California (San Bernardino County), Phelan — 576 — Santa Fe and Salt Lake Trail1849
Erected in honor of the brave pioneers of California in 1917 by pioneers Sheldon Stoddard, Sydney F. Waite, John Brown Jr., George Miller, George M. Cooley, Silas C. Cox, Richard Weir, Jasper N. CorbettMap (db m157687) HM
96California (San Bernardino County), Yucaipa — 528 — Yucaipa Adobe
Constructed in 1842 by Diego Sepulveda, nephew of Antonio Maria Lugo, this is believed to be the oldest house in San Bernardino County. The land, formerly controlled by San Gabriel Mission, was part of Rancho San Bernardino, granted to the Lugos in . . . Map (db m143658) HM
97California (San Diego County), San Diego — 49 — Adobe Chapel of The Immaculate Conception
Originally built as the home of San Diego’s John Brown in 1850, the house was converted to a church by Don Jose Aguirre in 1858. Father Antonio D. Ubach , formally a missionary among the Indians, was parish priest here from 1866 to 1907. It is said . . . Map (db m11652) HM
98Florida (Volusia County), Daytona Beach — Revolutionary Soldiers Memorial
To the memory of the known Revolutionary Soldiers who removed to Florida Evan Andress • John Bessent • John Brown • Henry Edwards • John Fletcher • William Gay • Zachariah Gherkins • Morton Gray • James Hall • Joab Horne • Amos Latham • John Liles . . . Map (db m46877) HM
99Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 3 — Battle of Osawatomie
John Reid placed the bulk of his proslavery militia men in a line here to charge the center of John Brown's Free State guerilla's line of defense and charged the center of Brown's line in the brush lining the Marais Des Cygnes River. Brown's . . . Map (db m69224) HM
100Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — Old Stone ChurchAd Astra Per Aspera — [To the stars through difficulties] —
One of the first churches in Kansas, this church was built by a Congregationalist group and is typical of the church structures built during pioneering days in Kansas. It was dedicated to public worship in 1861, and its first pastor was the Reverend . . . Map (db m69319) HM

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May. 11, 2021