“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Historical Marker Pages Containing “massacre”

Students Massacred on April 12, 1962 Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. Makali Bruton, August 6, 2016
Students Massacred on April 12, 1962 Marker
Guatemala, Guatemala (Municipality of Guatemala), Guatemala City — Students Massacred on April 12, 1962
Primer marcador: Guatemalteco: Aquí sacrifico su juventud el Br. Cesar Armando Funes, la tarde del 12 de abril de 1962, en defensa de la libertad y la democracia. Guatemala, Sept. de 1962 Segundo marcador: Cesar Armando . . . — Map (db m98013) HM WM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Leadore — Massacred by Nez Perce
Massacred by Nez Perce Indians Aug-15-1877 Al Green Jim Hayden Dan Coombs +Two Others Sheehan's Dubois Lions — (db m109388) HM
Nevada (Eureka County), Eureka — Charcoal Burners Massacred Aug. 18, 1879
Giovanni Pedroni Marcellus Locatelli Teodoro Zesta Pompeo Pattini Antonio Canonica Charcoal Burners Massacred Aug. 18, 1879 By A Sheriff's Posse Southwest Of The Fish Creek Ranch — Map (db m89510) HM
New Jersey (Salem County), Hancocks Bridge — Patriots Massacred in the Hancock House
In commemoration of the patriots massacred in the Hancock House March 21, 1778. Erected by the Patriotic Order Sons of America of Salem County July 2, 1932. — Map (db m21592) HM

Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 6 — A Battle Becomes a MassacreMassacre at Bear River — The Largest Indian Massacre in the West —
The four-hour fight left the Shoshone band decimated and terrified. Lodges, food caches and belongings were burned and women and children murdered. Chief Bear Hunter was cruelly tortured to death. When the killing ceased, the massacre field was . . . — Map (db m105803) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 5 — Attack at Bia OgoiMassacre at Bear River — The Largest Indian Massacre in the West —
Before dawn on the bitterly cold day of January 26, Shoshone leader Sagwich rose early to survey the area. As he looked toward the bluffs to the south he observed what seemed to be a mist of fog crawling down the bluffs across the river from the . . . — Map (db m105802) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 7 — The Earth Will RememberMassacre at Bear River — Remember, But Never Forget —
We cry for the loss and sacrifice of those who did not survive and we honor the strength of those who lived. After the massacre, the survivors, now under Chief Sagwitch, were aided by other bands as they escaped southward. Most of the . . . — Map (db m105805) HM
Iowa (Dickinson County), Arnolds Park — Massacre MonumentGardner Cabin
(Side One:) The pioneer settlers named below were massacred by Sioux Indians March 8 to 13 1857. This barbarous work was commenced near this spot and continued to Springfield now Jackson Minn. 39 names listed below

(Side two) . . . — Map (db m82847) HM

New Jersey (Ocean County), Little Egg Harbor — The Defense of Little Egg Harbor1776-1783 — Pulaski’s Massacre —
October 15, 1778, the largest military engagement in what is today Ocean County occurred near this site. A force of 200 British and Loyalist Troops under the command of Capt. Patrick Ferguson surprised and defeated a portion of Brig. Gen. Casmir . . . — Map (db m92441) HM
New York (Otsego County), Cherry Valley — Cherry Valley Museum — Cherry Valley Massacre —
The Cherry Valley Massacre of 1778 was led by British Captain Walter Butler and Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant on this strategically important frontier settlement. — Map (db m33655) HM

Alabama (Butler County), Forest Home — The Butler Massacre / Fort Bibb
(obverse) The Butler Massacre On March 20, 1818, Capt. William Butler, Capt. James Saffold, William Gardener, Daniel Shaw and John Hinson left Fort Bibb to meet Col. Sam Dale. They were attacked near Pine Barren Creek by Savannah . . . — Map (db m83259) HM

Quebec (Montréal (region)), Lachine — Lachine MassacreMassacre de Lachine
English: During the night of the 4-5 August 1689, fifteen hundred Iroquois landed at Lachine and placed themselves in small groups near all the houses along the shore. At a given signal the massacre began; two hundred persons perished and . . . — Map (db m82105) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — HealingSand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Though the Sand Creek Massacre has long passed, memories live on. Cheyenne and Arapaho return here to pray and pay tribute to ancestors who both perished and survived that dreadful day. Ever resilient, the Cheyenne and Arapaho nations of today . . . — Map (db m92950) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — Pleas for PeaceSand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
"All we ask is that we may have peace with the whites...We want to take good tidings home to our people, that they may sleep in peace." Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle As tensions mounted, Chiefs Black Kettle and Left Hand pled . . . — Map (db m92948) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — RemainsSand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
”Many years have passed. The land is still here. We lived here, our clans lived here. The land here is our home - we have come back home.” Arapaho: Wonoo3ei’i ceciniihi’ coowoo’ou’u. Nih’iine’etiino’ hiitiino. . . . — Map (db m71872) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — TestimonySand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
In the aftermath of Sand Creek, federal investigations and military inquiry took place. Dozens of eyewitness' provided testimony. Taken in Washington, D.C., Denver City, Fort Lyon, and other locations, officers, soldiers, and civilians came forth. . . . — Map (db m92949) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — The Sand Creek MassacreSand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
On November 29, 1864, U.S. Colonel John Chivington and 700 volunteer troops attacked an encampment of Cheyenne and Arapaho along Sand Creek. The thunderous approach of horses galloping toward camp at dawn sent hundreds fleeing from their tipis. Many . . . — Map (db m72552) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — Why?Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
For years, Cheyenne and Arapaho traveled and hunted the Great Plains in the shadow of the Rocky Mountains. But in 1858, gold fever struck in Colorado Territory. Miners rushed in and tens of thousands of settlers followed. Competition for land became . . . — Map (db m92947) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Ludlow — Ludlow Tent Colony Site MemorialThe Ludlow Massacre
In Memory of the men, women and children, who lost their lives in freedom's cause at Ludlow, Colorado April 20, 1914. — Map (db m100506) HM
Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — Fort PuebloSite of Indian Massacre — Dec 25, 1854 —
This memorial commemorating the Old Pueblo Fort Site erected by The Arkansas Valley & Pueblo Chapters, Daughters of the American Revolution. Dedicated Nov. 17, 1923. On Christmas Day, 1854, a massacre occurred at Fort Pueblo on the . . . — Map (db m64755) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Hostility Erupts Into ViolenceWard Massacre
On August 20, 1854, the Alexander Ward Party of 20 men, women, and children were traveling on the Oregon Trail with five wagons, a day behind a larger party led by Alexander Yantis. The Wards pulled their wagons off the Trail for lunch and to water . . . — Map (db m22398) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Peaceful Trading Turns HostileWard Massacre
In the 1830's, local tribes, including the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock began trading with Euro-American fur trappers and missionaries passing through southern Idaho. Peaceful exchanges beneficial to both groups increased in 1842 when wagon trains . . . — Map (db m22333) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — To the Memory of the PioneersWard Massacre Memorial
To the memory of the pioneers who were massacred by Indians near this spot August 20, 1854. This monument is dedicated by Pioneer Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Boise, Idaho William Ward       Age 44 Margaret Ward        "   . . . — Map (db m22336) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Violence is AvengedWard Massacre
In early September, 1854, Major Granville Hallar set out with a US military force from their post in Oregon to avenge the Ward-party deaths. Upon arrival at the rebuilt Hudson Bay's Fort Boise near the mouth of the Boise River, the Indians they . . . — Map (db m22366) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 4 — California Volunteers March to the Bear RiverMassacre at Bear River — A Clash of Cultures —
The tensions between the Shoshone and the settlers eventually led to a call from Utah territorial leaders of help from the Army, but the Civil War was on and military resources were stretched thin. In 1861 the third California Volunteer Infantry has . . . — Map (db m105801) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 3 — Change and ConflictMassacre at Bear River — A Clash of Cultures —
End of a Way of Life The delicate balance in which the Shoshone managed food resources for thousands of years was drastically altered by colonization. By the mid-1800s, the Oregon and California Trails brought thousands of pioneers and . . . — Map (db m105799) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 2 — Shoshone Bear River Winter HomeMassacre at Bear River — Mo-so-da Kahni, "Home of the Lungs" —
Bia Ogoi - Big River The Bear River -- called Bia Ogoi or Big River by the Shoshone people -- runs west and south through this semiarid valley, eventually emptying into the Great Salt Lake. The river and its many tributaries create . . . — Map (db m105797) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 1 — The ShoshoneMassacre at Bear River — Moving With The Seasons —
Newe, The People The Shoshone refer to themselves as Newe, the People. Their ancestral territory reached from the Wind River Range in western Wyoming to the middle of Nevada, and from the Salmon River in northeastern Idaho to central . . . — Map (db m105795) HM
New Jersey (Ocean County), Egg Harbor Township — Pulaski Legion MemorialLittle Egg Harbor Massacre
This tablet erected by the Society of Cincinnati in the State of New Jersey to commemorate the massacre of a portion of the legion commanded by Brigadier General the Count Casimir Pulaski of the Continental Army in the Affair at Egg Harbor, New . . . — Map (db m29783) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Tragedy at Devil's Hole / Natural History of Devil's HoleThe Devil's Hole Massacre
Tragedy at Devil's Hole Pontiac's Rebellion The British victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) resulted in an uprising under Pontiac, an Ottawa leader, against the British presence in the Upper Great Lakes region. The Niagara Portage . . . — Map (db m74792) HM
West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Battle of Guyandotte"Massacre of the 9th Infantry"
When the Civil War began, few of Guyandotte’s residents were slaveholders, but many townspeople resented any infringement on their right as Virginians to own slaves. Guyandotte was reportedly the only town on the Ohio River that voted in favor of . . . — Map (db m144784) HM

Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Marais des Cygnes Massacre State Historic Site Trail
A Nation at Odds The mid 1800s were a time of turmoil and tragedy in the U.S. The issue of slavery polarized the nation. It created a moral, political, and economic dilemma. The struggle over slavery ultimately led to the Civil War, splitting . . . — Map (db m39862) HM

Belgium, Wallonie (Leige), Malmedy — American Massacre MemorialBattle of the Bulge
To the memory of the soldiers of the United States Army who while prisoners of war were massacred by Nazi troops on this spot on 17 December 1944.

A la memoire des soldats de l'armee des etats unis, prisonniers de guerre massacres par des . . . — Map (db m92232) WM

Dominican Republic, Dajabón (Municipality of Dajabón) — The Haitian Massacre of 1937
En memoria de los casi 15,000 negros haitianos y negros dominicanos que fueron brutalmente asesinados por órdenes del tirano Rafael Leonidas Trujillo durante los ultimos meses de 1937. Y en homenaje a los dominicanos valientes que . . . — Map (db m114780) HM
El Salvador, San Salvador, Antiguo Cuscatlán — Massacre at the Central American University (UCA)Masacre de la Universidad Americana (UCA)
∙ Ignacio Ellacuria ∙ Amando Lopez ∙ Joaquin Lopez ∙ Ignacio Martin-Baro ∙ Segundo Montes ∙ Juan Ramon Moreno 16 de noviembre de 1989 — Map (db m84130) HM
El Salvador, San Salvador (Municipality of San Salvador) — 1975 University of El Salvador Massacre
Homenaje de la Comunidad Universitaria a los Martires Caidos en la Masacre del 30 de Julio de 1975 Carlos Fonseca ∙ Carlos Humberto Hernández ∙ Roberto Antonio Miranda ∙ Eber Gómez Mendoza ∙ Balmore Cortez . . . — Map (db m142522) HM WM
Mexico, Ciudad de México, Colonia Tlatelolco — Tlatelolco Massacre of October 2, 1968Masacre de Tlatelolco del 2 de octubre, 1968
1968-1993 …Adelante!! A los compañeros caídos el 2 de octubre de 1968 en esta plaza Cuitlahuac Gallegos Bañuelos, 19 años. Ana María Maximiana Mendoza, 19 años. Gilberto Reynoso Ortíz, 21 años. Antonio Solorzano Gaona, 47 años. . . . — Map (db m91671) HM
Mexico, Guanajuato (Municipality of León), León — Massacre of January 2, 1946
“La sangre de hombres y mujeres por la democracia, no ha sido en vano…hoy los ciudadanos de estas tierras del Bajío, mantienen el alto el estandarte del Municipio Libre” H. Ayuntamiento de León 1992-1994 Rinde Homenaje a los . . . — Map (db m127458) HM
Mexico, Guanajuato (Municipality of San Felipe), San Felipe — 1936 San Felipe Massacre
1er. Regimiento de Caballería de la Matriz General San Felipe, Gto. En memoria de los caidos en esta plaza durante el zafarrancho del domingo 29 de marzo de 1936 que propició el arribo del Presidente de México Lázaro . . . — Map (db m132044) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Lochaber), Glencoe — Massacre of Glencoe MemorialClan MacDonald
This Cross is Reverently Erected in the Memory of McIan Chief of the MacDonalds of Glencoe Who fell with his people in the Massacre of Glencoe of 13 Feb: 1692 By his direct descendant Ellen Burns MacDonald of Glencoe . . . — Map (db m85791) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Tensaw — Fort Mims Massacre
In honor of the men, women and children massacred by Creek Indians in brave defence of Fort Mims Aug. 30, 1813. — Map (db m86716) HM
Alabama (Butler County), Greenville — Ogly-Stroud Massacre / Gary's Stockade
Ogly-Stroud Massacre William Ogly built his cabin near this site at Poplar Springs along the Federal Road, and was killed here with most of his family on March 13, 1818. His friend Eli Stroud's wife was fatally wounded and their infant . . . — Map (db m120933) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Whatley — Kimbell - James Massacre←½ mile—
Sept. 1, 1813 Creek Indian War. 1813-14 Part of War of 1812. British used Pensacola as base to arm, incite Indians against U.S.. Prophet Francis led Indians in this raid on Kimbell home. They Killed and scalped 12 of 14 (two survivors . . . — Map (db m47635) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Sentinel — Oatman Massacre Site
Site of Oatman Massacre Feb. 18, 1851 — Map (db m72167) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Wickenburg — Wickenburg Massacre
. . . — Map (db m29478) HM
Arkansas (Boone County), Harrison — The Mountain Meadows Massacre
In memory of 140 men, women and children N.W. Arkansas emigrants to California. In 1857 under leadership of Alexander Fancher (Piney Alex) left from Caravan Spring 4 miles south of here around May 1st - Camped at Mountain Meadows, Utah in early . . . — Map (db m143889) HM
Arkansas (Madison County), Huntsville — 54 — Huntsville Massacre
Front On January 10, 1863, nine men, including two Confederate officers and prominent local citizens and Masonic lodge members, were taken from a guardhouse near here, led to Samuel Vaughn's farm one mile northeast of Huntsville, and shot. . . . — Map (db m141514) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Chinese Massacre
Chinese immigrants established their first community in Los Angeles in what is now part of El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historical Monument. By 1870 about two hundred Chinese had settled in Los Angeles Street across from the Garnier Building, then . . . — Map (db m140033) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 280 — Sand Creek Massacre
The controversy surrounding this Civil War Monument has become a symbol of Coloradens' struggle to understand and take responsibility for our past. On November 29, 1864, Colorado's First and Third Cavalry, commanded by Colonel John Chivington, . . . — Map (db m6755) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Ludlow — The Ludlow Massacre
  On April 20, 1914, the State Militia unleashed an un-warranted attack on striking coal miners and their families living in a tent colony at this site. Eleven children and two women suffocated in a cellar beneath a tent when flames engulfed the . . . — Map (db m100509) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — 247 — The Ludlow Massacre - Cultural Frontier / Hispano Colorado - El Moro Country
Panel 1 The Ludlow Massacre By April 1914, the striking coal miners encamped at Ludlow (ten miles northwest of here) had nothing to lose but their lives. Poor, powerless, largely immigrant, they had held out for . . . — Map (db m97716) HM
Florida (Baker County), Olustee — A Bloody Massacre
At this point in the battle, the Union had five cannons captured and nearly every other cannon was rendered useless. “The horses and men were nearly all killed or wounded, and it was the greatest slaughter among artillery known in the . . . — Map (db m146303) HM
Florida (Broward County), Fort Lauderdale — Cooley's Massacre
This monument marks the site of the William Cooley plantation. Cooley arrived here in 1824 and soon became the leader of the small settlement that grew along the New River. On January 6, 1836, local Indians attacked Cooley's homestead, killing . . . — Map (db m127510) HM
Florida (Gadsden County), Chattahoochee — The Scott Massacre
The first U.S. defeat of the Seminole Wars took place here on November 30, 1817. Several hundred Seminole, Creek and maroon (Black Seminole) warriors came to this site following raids by U.S. troops on the Creek Indian village of Fowltown near . . . — Map (db m113147) HM
Florida (Pasco County), Darby — The Bradley Massacre
Near this spot, on May 14, 1856, a Seminole war party attacked the home of an early settler Capt. Robert Duke Bradley of the Florida Foot Volunteers. Two of the Bradley children were killed before the Indians withdrew. This was the last such attack . . . — Map (db m37715) HM
Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Massacre by MenendezFort Matanzas National Monument
Massacre by Menendez of Ribault and his men September 1565 — Map (db m127496) HM
Florida (St. Johns County), Summer Haven — F-85 — Massacre of the FrenchMatanzas Inlet
In 1565 some 300 French castaways, under Jean Ribault, were massacred here by Spaniards, crushing their attempt to occupy Florida. The French ships, sailing from Fort Caroline to attack St. Augustine, were driven ashore by a storm. At this inlet . . . — Map (db m46145) HM
Georgia (Fannin County), McCaysville — 55-1 — The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia
North of here on Madden Branch in Polk County, Tennessee, on November 29, 1864, during the American Civil War, six Georgians trying to enlist in the U.S. Army—Thomas Bell, Harvey Brewster, James T. Hughes, James B. Nelson, Elijah Robinson, . . . — Map (db m47731) HM
Georgia (Ware County), Waycross — 148-6 — The Wildes Massacre
Here, on a Sunday morning in July, 1832, seven members of the Wildes Settlement were murdered by an Indian raiding party from the Okefenokee Swamp. Six of the victims were of the Wildes family, one was a 12-year-old girl of the Wilkinsons. Five . . . — Map (db m53057) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — 75 — The Ward Massacre
Only 2 young boys survived the Indian attack on Alexander Ward's 20 member party, Oregon bound on August 20, 1854. Military retaliation for the slaughter so enraged the Indians that Hudson's Bay Co. posts Fort Boise and Fort Hall had to be . . . — Map (db m22328) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Almo — Horrible Indian MassacreAlmo Idaho
Dedicated to the Memory Of those who lost their lives in a most Horrible Indian Massacre 1861 Three hundred immigrants west bound Only five escaped — Map (db m119536) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 216 — Bear River Massacre
Very few Northwestern Shoshoni survived a battle here that turned into a massacre by Col. P.E. Connor’s California Volunteers.

In 1863, Conner and his force set out from Salt Lake City on a cold January campaign in response to friction between . . . — Map (db m44461) HM

Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 186 — Bear River Massacre Monument — Pioneer Women —
Attacks by the Indians on the peaceful inhabitants in this vicinity led to the final battle here January 29, 1863. The conflict occurred in deep snow and bitter cold. Scores of wounded and frozen soldiers were taken from the battlefield to the . . . — Map (db m105785) HM
Idaho (Owyhee County), Murphy — The Otter Massacre
Erected to the memory of the Otter Massacre 1860 Forty four persons ambushed by Shoshoni Indians either killed or scattered. Most awful human experience. Site ten miles east on Sinker Creek. — Map (db m110210) HM
Idaho (Power County), American Falls — Massacre Rock - A Clashing of Cultures
These reported incidents of Shoshone Indian attacks on emigrant wagon trains in this gap and surrounding area between 1851 and August 10, 1862, led to the naming of these rock outcrop as "Massacre Rocks." The granite marker was dedicated by the . . . — Map (db m124160) HM
Idaho (Power County), American Falls — Massacre Rocks on Old Oregon Trail
In this defile on August 10, 1862 a band of Shoshone Indians ambushed an Immigrant Train bound for Oregon killing nine white men and wounding six. — Map (db m124159) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — In Remembrance - Wood River Massacre - July 10, 1814
In remembrance of the pioneer days of this area and to the memory of the victims of the Wood River Massacre who were killed by Indians near this site on July 10, 1814 - Rachel Reagan, Elizabeth 7, Timothy 3 wife and children of Reason Reagan - . . . — Map (db m47661) HM
Indiana (Madison County), Markleville — 48.1966.1 — Massacre of Indians
In 1824, nine Indians were murdered by white men near this spot. The men were tried, Found guilty and hanged. It was the first execution of white men for killing Indians. — Map (db m102044) HM
Indiana (Sullivan County), Fairbanks — 77.1989.4 — Fairbanks' Massacre — Sergeant Nathan Fairbanks —
A War of 1812 military action occurred in September 1812 three miles west/southwest of here. While escorting supplies from Fort Knox near Vincennes to Fort Harrison at Terre Haute, Sergeant Nathan Fairbanks and approximately a dozen soldiers were . . . — Map (db m21761) HM
Indiana (Whitley County), Columbia City — La Balme Massacre Site
In Memory of Col. Augustin de La Balme and his Soldiers who were killed in Battle with the Miami Indians, Under Little Turtle, at this place, November 5th, 1780 — Map (db m52758) HM
Kansas (Bourbon County), Marmaton — Site of Marmaton MassacreOct. 22, 1864

[Title is text] — Map (db m79765) HM

Kansas (Cherokee County), Baxter Springs — 6 — Baxter Springs MassacreCivil War Tour

On Oct. 6, 1863, Gen. James Blunt and about 125 men from the 3rd Wisc. Cav. and the 14th Kans. Cav. stopped at the creek before coming into Ft. Blair. They were caught in a surprise attack from the rebel forces of William Quantrill. Nearly 100 . . . — Map (db m80214) HM

Kansas (Cherokee County), Baxter Springs — Baxter Springs Massacre

Dedicated in memory of General James G. Blunt and his escort who defenseless, fell victims to the inhuman ferocity of guerrillas, led by the infamous Quantrell in his raid upon Baxter Springs October 6th 1863, in which 135 Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m80348) HM

Kansas (Cherokee County), Baxter Springs — 49 — Baxter Springs Massacre
On October 6, 1863, Gen. James Blunt and about 100 men were met near Baxter’s springs by William Quantrill and several hundred Confederates masquerading as Union troops. As Blunt’s band was preparing a musical salute the enemy fired. This surprise . . . — Map (db m37840) HM
Kansas (Cherokee County), Baxter Springs — Baxter Springs Massacre 1863

The blood that flowed in Kansas before and during the Civil War nourished the twin trees of Liberty and Union. — Map (db m80216) HM

Kansas (Cherokee County), Baxter Springs — 9 — Baxter Springs Massacre Burial SiteCivil War Tour
First burial site for victims of the Baxter Springs Massacre and the attack on Ft. Blair. In 1869, the bodies were moved to the National Cemetary plot west of town. — Map (db m37836) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — 46 — Marais des Cygnes Massacre
Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19, 1858, about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, . . . — Map (db m4359) HM
Kansas (Sherman County), Goodland — The Kidder Massacre
About July 1, 1867, Lt. Lyman S. Kidder with ten men of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry, and an Indian guide, were attacked by Indians one mile east of this marker. On July 12 their mutilated bodies were found by Lt. Col. George A. Custer, who ordered the . . . — Map (db m78880) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 1309 — Fort Jefferson Site / Indian Massacre
(North Side):Fort Jefferson Site Built in 1780 by George Rogers Clark as part of impressive plan of settlement, conceived by Gov. Patrick Henry of Virginia, later pursued by and named for Gov. Thomas Jefferson. The fort was to protect US . . . — Map (db m18639) HM
Kentucky (Grant County), Crittenden — 936 — An Indian Massacre
Three miles west. Reputedly scene of one of last massacres in Ky. McClures and Kennedy's lived on hills above Bullocks pen creek and the Bran family occupied cabin on creek at foot of hills. Around 1805, party of Indians burned the Bran home after . . . — Map (db m82149) HM
Kentucky (Letcher County), Pound Gap — Pound Gap Massacre
About 500 yards southeast of Pound Gap, along the Fincastle Trail (Virginia side) is the location of the infamous “killing rock” where the Mullins’ family and friends were massacred on May 14, 1892. Five people were killed: Ira Mullins, . . . — Map (db m90801) HM
Kentucky (Menifee County), Wellington — 189 — Murder Branch Massacre
In April 1793, thirty-five Indians attacked Morgan’s Station, a fort in Montgomery County, and captured nineteen residents. Pursued by a group of settlers, the Indians killed some captives at Murder Branch in Menifee County. After a skirmish . . . — Map (db m146651) HM
Kentucky (Shelby County), Simpsonville — 2283 — "Horrible Massacre" / African American Cemetery
"Horrible Massacre" On January 25, 1865, Co. E. 5th United States Colored Calvary (USCC) attacked by Confederate guerillas while driving herd of 900 cattle to Louisville. About 22 men killed and at least eight severely wounded. Based at Camp . . . — Map (db m136842) HM
Massachusetts (Essex County), Georgetown — Goodrich Massacre1630 - 1930
Ten rods east stood the house of Benjamin Goodrich who, with his wife and two children, was slain by the Indians on October 23, 1692 — Map (db m47864) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Deerfield — Deerfield Massacre
Feb 29, 1703-4 The unfortified house of Benoni Stebbins standing on this lot was held by 7 men besides women and children for three hours against the assault of 200 soldiers and the wiles of 140 Indians. under a French . . . — Map (db m141156) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Framingham — Site of Eames Massacre
. . . — Map (db m54859) HM
Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — A Riot, the Massacre, and the Tea Party
From 1769-1776 Boston was the flashpoint for events leading up to the American Revolution. On February 22, 1770, a crowd gathered around the house and shop of a Tory sympathizer and customs agent, Ebenezer Richardson. When they started pelting the . . . — Map (db m18766) HM
Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — The Boston Massacre
On March 5, 1770, in the street before you, nine British soldiers were confronted by an angry mob.

"The soldiers did fire without orders and killed five of his Majesty's good subjects...How fatal are the effects of posting a standing army among a . . . — Map (db m76632) HM

Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — Victims of the Boston Massacre
The remains of Samuel Gray Samuel Maverick James Caldwell Crispus Attucks and Patrick Carr Victims of the Boston Massacre, March 5th, 1770, were here interred by order of the Town of Boston. ---------- Here also lies buried the body of Christopher . . . — Map (db m19282) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Oxford — The Johnson Massacre1630 - 1930
John Johnson and three children were killed by Indians in his house on this spot August 25, 1696. His wife was saved by her brother. — Map (db m48785) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — The West Lake Massacre
Rev. Andrew Jackson had two services arranged in his Norway Lake Swedish Lutheran Parish for Wednesday, the 20th of August, 1862. In the forenoon a meeting was held at the Lundborg cabin at West Lake, now known as Monson Lake in Swift County. Here a . . . — Map (db m79405) HM
Minnesota (McLeod County), Brownton — White Family Massacre
     About 1200 feet north-east of this point stood the pioneer log cabin of Samuel White.      There on September 22, 1862, Samuel and his wife Laura, and two children, Susan and Otis were brutally murdered by a small party of Sioux Indians . . . — Map (db m69995) HM WM
Minnesota (Wright County), Howard Lake — The Dustin Massacre
A state of terror prevailed on the Minnesota western frontier for many months after the Sioux Uprising of 1862. Roving bands of Sioux continued to elude pursuers and attack settlers. The Dustin massacre occurred on June 29, 1863, one third mile . . . — Map (db m69855) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — In Memory of Law Enforcement Officers Killed in the "Kansas City Massacre"June 17, 1933
RAYMOND J. CAFFREY Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation OTTO REED Chief of Police, McAlester, Oklahoma WILLIAM J. GROOMS Detective, Kansas City Missouri Police Department FRANK HERMANSON Detective, Kansas City Missouri Police . . . — Map (db m19942) HM
Missouri (Lafayette County), Concordia — Massacre Site / Concordia
Side A: Massacre Site On August 22, 1861, "State Guard" troops under Col. Edwin W. Price plundered this community taking household goods, farm animals and merchandise from Brockhoff's Store. Sunday, Oct. 5, 1862, sixty drunken . . . — Map (db m43980) HM
Missouri (Marion County), Palmyra — Palmyra MassacreA State Divided — The Civil War in Missouri —
The Palmyra Massacre The Palmyra Massacre was a grim ending to Confederate Col. Joseph Porter's 1862 recruiting campaign in northeast Missouri. Besides recruiting local men for the Confederate army, Porter attacked Union outposts and patrols . . . — Map (db m55390) HM
Missouri (St. Louis County), Lemay — Victims of the Japanese MassacrePuerto Princesa, Palawan, P.I. [Philippine Islands] — December 14, 1944 —
These U.S. prisoners of war of the Japanese were on the island of Palawan, P.I. as slave laborers building an airfield for the Japanese military. Believing that an invasion by the U.S. forces was imminent, the prisoners were forced into three tunnel . . . — Map (db m124984) HM WM
Montana (Chouteau County), Loma — Victims of Blood Indians Massacre
Erected by J.H. Friend's Family Descendants of Franklin Friend for the Victims of Blood Indians Massacre May 25, 1865 Franklin Friend - George W. Friend Abraham Lotts - John Alley John Andrews - N.W. Burris Frank Angeline - Henry . . . — Map (db m142490) HM
Nebraska (Hitchcock County), Trenton — 8 — Massacre Canyon
The adjacent stone monument erected in 1930 was first placed about a mile south of this area. Originally on the highway overlooking the canyon, it was moved to this location after the highway was relocated.

Massacre Canyon is the large canyon . . . — Map (db m79361) HM

Nebraska (Phelps County), Bertrand — Plum Creek Massacre SiteAugust 8, 1864
An early morning attack on a train of 12 wagons at this spot resulted in the death of 11 men and the capture of Mrs. Thomas Morton and 9 year old Danny Marble. The attack was by Indian “Dog Soldiers” of the Cheyenne Tribe led by Chief . . . — Map (db m62794) HM
Nebraska (Phelps County), Bertrand — The Plum Creek Massacre
On the morning of August 8, 1864, a war party of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians attacked a Denver-bound freight wagon train killing thirteen men and taking captive Nancy Jane Morton of Sidney, Iowa, and nine-year old Daniel Marble of Council Bluffs, . . . — Map (db m107476) WM
New Hampshire (Strafford County), Durham — Oyster River Massacre
On July 18, 1694, a force of about 250 Indians under the command of a French Soldier, de Villieu, attacked settlements in this area on both sides of the Oyster River, killing or capturing approximately 100 settlers, destroying five garrison houses . . . — Map (db m96442) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — “The Baylor Massacre”September 28, 1778
Late one night in 1778, the woods you are standing in suddenly echoed with the sounds of battle. A surprise attack by British soldiers nearly destroyed an American regiment, Baylor’s 3rd Continental Light Dragoons. Today, this park tells the story . . . — Map (db m8455) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — Baylor Massacre Millstone
“This millstone is the only visible marker of the Baylor Massacre in existence today. On September 28, 1778, a detail of Baylor’s Continental Dragoons camping at Haring’s Tannery in River Vale was betrayed into the hands of the British by a . . . — Map (db m7876) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — 47 — Baylor Massacre Park
In memory of American soldiers killed during the Revolutionary War in the “Baylor Massacre” on September 28, 1778. Lt. Col. George Baylor’s 3rd Regiment of Continental Dragoons took quarters for the night on several nearby farms. Tories . . . — Map (db m7874) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — The Baylor Massacre
Here as they slept at dawn on Sept. 28, 1778 Col. Geo. Baylor and 116 Virginia Dragoons were attacked by the British under General "No Flint" Grey. Major Clough, Surgeon George Evans, with fifty other Colonial troopers were killed. — Map (db m55831) HM
New Jersey (Ocean County), Barnegat Light — Massacre at Long Beach
October 25, 1782, a British vessel ran aground near Barnegat City and was captured by patriot militiamen under Capt. Andrew Steelman. That night, while sleeping on the beach, Steelman and his men were massacred by Tory raiders led by John Bacon. — Map (db m34603) HM
New Jersey (Salem County), Hancocks Bridge — Hancock House Massacre
The winter of 1777 – 1778 had been particularly harsh on both the British and the Colonial troops. British commanders learned that the rich agricultural supplies in lower New Jersey could be obtained with little resistance and sent detachments . . . — Map (db m21604) HM
New York (Otsego County), Cherry Valley — Cherry Valley Massacre
Cherry Valley Sacred to the Memory Of Those who Died by Massacre In the Destruction of this Village At the Hands of the Indians & Tories Under Brant & Butler, Nov. 11. AD. 1778 — Map (db m42579) HM
New York (Schenectady County), Schenectady — Commemorating Massacre
Commemorating Massacre of Feb. 8-9,1690. One Hundred and Fourteen French and Ninety-Six Indians Entered During Night at North Gate, Located at this Point. Assault was Commenced Here. Seventy Houses were Burned, Sixty Persons Killed and . . . — Map (db m77520) HM
New York (Ulster County), Ellenville — Fantinekill Massacre MemorialIn Memoriam

Bevier Family Widow Elizabeth Bevier Age 62 Her Sons Solomon Age 29 • Josiah Age 23 —————— Sax Family Widow Johannah Sax Age 59 . . . — Map (db m118476) HM

North Carolina (Madison County), Marshall — P 71 — " Shelton Laurel Massacre "
Thirteen men and boys, suspected of Unionism, were killed by Confederate soldiers in early 1863. Graves 8 mi. E. — Map (db m23126) HM
Ohio (Coshocton County), Coshocton — Broadhead Massacre
Around the spring nearby, was perpetrated, on April 20, 1781, the massacre of 20 Indians by Col. Daniel Broadhead's army of 300. This slaying was committed following destruction, the same day, of the two villages, Goschachgunk, (Coshocton) and . . . — Map (db m14707) HM
Ohio (Lucas County), Maumee — C27 — Dudley's MassacreOhio Revolutionary Memorial Trail
. . . — Map (db m18774) HM
Ohio (Miami County), Fletcher — The Dilbone Massacre
In memory of Henry and Barbara Dilbone who were killed by the Indians on their farm to the north August 18th, 1813 Buried at this place — Map (db m29840) HM
Ohio (Morgan County), Stockport — 11-58 — Big Bottom Massacre
Following the American Revolution, the new Federal government, in need of operating funds, sold millions of acres of western lands to land companies. One such company, the Ohio Company of Associates, brought settlement to Marietta in 1788. Two years . . . — Map (db m16713) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Gnadenhutten — 15-79 — Gnadenhutten / The Gnadenhutten Massacre, "A Day of Shame"
Side A Gnadenhutten The Moravian Church in America began missionary work among the Delaware and Mohican tribes of North America in the mid-18th century. David Zeisberger, one of the best-known Moravian missionaries, came to the Ohio . . . — Map (db m81569) HM
Ohio (Wood County), Perrysburg — A122 — to Dudley's Massacre / to Portage StockadeOhio Revolutionary Memorial Trail — Harrison-Hull-Tupper Marches —
Ohio's Revolutionary Memorial Trail Text on South Side : Harrison-Hull-Tupper 1812 • Marches • 1813 - - - - - 6 Miles to Dudley's Massacre Text on North Side : . . . — Map (db m93456) HM
Ohio (Wood County), Perrysburg — A126 — to Whittaker's Reserve / to Dudley's MassacreOhio Revolutionary Memorial Trail — Harrison's March —
Ohio's Revolutionary Memorial Trail Text on West Side : Harrison's March • 1813 - - - - - 25 Miles to Whittaker's Reserve Text on East Side : Harrison's March • 1813 - - . . . — Map (db m93495) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Massacre
In October 1860 the Van Ornum Party, survivors of the Utter Disaster, reached Farewell Bend. Here they again encountered Indians. On September 9 & 10, in Idaho, the Elijah P. Utter wagon train suffered a two-day attack by Indians in which 11 . . . — Map (db m107219) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Wagon Train Massacre
By October 1860 the Van Ornum party reached Farewell Bend. They were survivors of the Elijah P. Utter wagon train that was attacked by Indians on September 9 and 10, just west of Castle Butte in Owyhee County, Idaho. The survivors had escaped the . . . — Map (db m107292) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Wagon Train Massacre
By October 1860 the Van Ornum party reached Farewell Bend. They were survivors of the Elijah P. Utter wagon train that was attacked by Indians on September 9 and 10, just west of Castle Butte in Owyhee County, Idaho. The survivors had escaped the . . . — Map (db m107220) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Imnaha — Chinese Massacre Cove
(The text of this marker is in English, Sahaptin (Nez Percé), and Chinese) Site of the 1887 massacre of as many as 34 Chinese gold miners. No one was held accountable. Celmen Waptamaawnin' Toqooxpa . . . — Map (db m138409) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — Massacre Farm / 19th Century House
Massacre Farm North To E. Whiteland Included A Site. Southwest of This Marker. The 19th Century House and Springhouse, Headwater of Crum Creek. Were torn down in 1989 — Map (db m48226) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — Paoli Massacre Monument
(front of monument) Sacred to the memory of the patriots who on this spot fell, a sacrifice to British barbarity during the struggle for American Independence on the night of the 20th September 1777. (left side of monument) The . . . — Map (db m13444) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — Site of Paoli Massacre
Site of Paoli Massacre MALVERN Sept. 20, 1777 — Map (db m49381) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — Site of the Paoli Massacre20 September 1777
These Memorial Grounds commemorate the engagement in the Revolutionary War known as the Paoli Massacre, an attack by the British Army on American troops, that took place near this spot toward midnight of September 20, 1777. About 150 American . . . — Map (db m13505) HM
Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Lancaster — Site of Conestoga Indian MassacreDecember 27, 1763
Site of Conestoga Indian Massacre December 27, 1763 — Map (db m122636) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Hazleton — Lattimer Massacre
Near here at Harwood, on Sept. 10, 1897, immigrant coal miners on strike began a march for higher wages and equal rights. Unarmed, they were fired upon at Lattimer by sheriff's deputies. Nineteen marchers--Polish, Slovak, and Lithuanian--were . . . — Map (db m32151) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Lattimer — Lattimer MassacreSeptember 10, 1897
"It was not a battle because they were not aggressive, nor were they on the defensive because they had no weapons of any kind and were simply shot down like so many worthless objects; each of the licensed life takers trying to outdo the others in . . . — Map (db m44136) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Lattimer — Lattimer Massacre
Here on September 10, 1897, nearly 400 immigrant coal miners on strike were met and fired upon by sheriff's deputies. Unarmed, they were marching from Harwood to Lattimer in support of higher wages and more equitable working conditions. Nineteen of . . . — Map (db m44043) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Sugarloaf — Sugarloaf Massacre
After an unsuccessful attack on Fort Augusta, Indians and Tories surprise a detachment of Northumberland Co. militia on Sept. 11, 1780. The site of the massacre is just beyond the town. — Map (db m44057) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Sugarloaf — The Sugarloaf Massacre
Near this spot occurred The Sugarloaf Massacre On September 11, 1780 a detachment of Captain John van Etten's Company, Northampton County Militia, resting at the spring was surprised by a band of Indians and Tories led by the Senece Chief . . . — Map (db m93465) HM
Pennsylvania (Snyder County), Selinsgrove — Penns Creek Massacre
October 16, 1755, a band of Indians ambushed and killed, wounded, or took captive some 26 settlers of this region. The attack was just west along Penns Creek, and first to follow Braddock's defeat. — Map (db m43293) HM
Pennsylvania (Snyder County), Selinsgrove — The (John) Penn's Creek Massacre
In commemoration of The (John) Penn's Creek Massacre, which occurred along this stream on October 16, 1755 when the settlers were attacked by the Indians and about 26 were killed, wounded or carried into captivity. This was the first Indian . . . — Map (db m43881) HM
Pennsylvania (Union County), Mifflinburg — Leroy Massacre
Near here John Jacob Leroy was killed by Indians on Oct. 16, 1755, following the Penn's Creek Massacre. This was the first Indian hostility in the region after Braddock's defeat. — Map (db m84425) HM
Pennsylvania (Union County), Winfield — Lee Massacre
Major John Lee and his entire family, with the exception of a son Robert, were massacred near here by an Indian war party of August 16, 1782. — Map (db m70663) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), East Huntingdon — Morewood Massacre
On April 2, 1891, at the nearby Morewood Mines of the H.C. Frick Coke Company, sheriff's deputies killed seven strikers; two more died later. These were among some 16,000 workers striking for higher wages in the coke region. Thousands of mourners . . . — Map (db m55591) HM
South Carolina (Greenville County), Greer — 23-33 — Early White Settlement / The Massacre of Jacob Hite
[Marker Front]: Early White Settlement By 1768 Indian traders and land speculators Richard Pearis (d. 1794) and Jacob Hite of Virginia acquired large tracts from the Cherokees in present-day Greenville County. Though royal . . . — Map (db m24254) HM
South Carolina (Greenwood County), Troy — 24-1 — Long Canes Massacre
Three miles west is the site of an attack by Cherokee Indians upon settlers of Long Canes in the Cherokee war of 1759-1761. There on February 1, 1760, about 150 settlers, refugeeing to Augusta, were overtaken by 100 Cherokee warriors. Twenty-three . . . — Map (db m9433) HM
South Carolina (Lancaster County), Buford — Battle of the Waxhaws: Massacre or Myth?
The Story of the Waxhaws Immediately after the engagement, reports spread that many were stabbed and killed as they tried to surrender. Many were taken to a local Presbyterian church where local residents cared for them, including a young Andrew . . . — Map (db m95555) HM
South Carolina (Lancaster County), Buford — Buford's MassacreMay 29, 1780
On this site, Col. Abraham Buford's force of about 350 American patriots, while returning to Hillsborough, N.C., following the fall of Charles Town, were overtaken by British troops commanded by Col. Banastre Tarelton, it is historically told that . . . — Map (db m23890) HM
South Carolina (McCormick County), Troy — 33-12 — Long Canes Massacre
Three miles west is the site of an attack by Cherokee Indians upon settlers of Long Canes in the Cherokee War of 1759-1761. There on February 1, 1760, about 150 settlers, refugeeing to Augusta, were overtaken by 100 Cherokee warriors. . . . — Map (db m11640) HM
South Carolina (Orangeburg County), Orangeburg — 38-27 — The Orangeburg Massacre
On February 8, 1968, after three nights of escalating racial tension over efforts by S.C. State College students and others to desegregate the All Star Bowling Lanes, 3 students died and 27 others were wounded on this campus. S.C. Highway . . . — Map (db m25299) HM
South Dakota (Oglala Lakota County), Wounded Knee — Chief Big Foot Massacre Monument
This monument erected by surviving relatives and other Ogallala and Cheyenne River Sioux Indians in memory of the Chief Big Foot Massacre December 29, 1890. Col. Forsyth was in command of the U.S. Troops. Big Foot was a great chief of the Sioux . . . — Map (db m122747) WM
South Dakota (Oglala Lakota County), Wounded Knee — Massacre of Wounded Knee
Dec. 29, 1890, Chief Big Foot, with his Minneconjou and Hunkpapa Sioux Band of 108 warriors, 250 women and children were encamped on this Flat, surrounded by the U.S. 7th Cavalry (470 soldiers) commanded by Col. Forsythe. The "Messiah Craze" . . . — Map (db m40643) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Tellico Plains — 1F 14 — Fort Loudoun Massacre
Four miles N.E., at junction Cane Creek, Tellico River, Fort Loudoun’s Garrison, which had surrendered to Attakullakulla and other Cherokee chiefs, was betrayed Aug. 9, 1760 - while returning under safe conduct to Charleston. 25 were killed; 200 . . . — Map (db m49577) HM
Tennessee (Robertson County), Coopertown — 3C 4 — Battle Creek Massacre
2 miles S.E., along Battle Creek in Jan. 1780, settlers fleeing from Renfro's Station on Red River about 17 miles away, were caught by Indians and massacred. The sole survivor was a widow named Jones who made her way 4 days later into a Settlements . . . — Map (db m123306) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 1866 Memphis Massacre
On May 1, 2 and 3, 1866, mobs of white men led by law enforcement attacked black people in the areas near South St. (aka Calhoun & G.E. Patterson). By the end of the attack, the mobs had killed an estimated 46 black people; raped several . . . — Map (db m117114) HM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Dawson Massacre MemorialSeptember 18, 1842
Dawson Massacre Memorial September 18, 1842 Erected by Alamo Mission Chapter Daughters of The Republic of Texas — Map (db m85982) WM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 1182 — The Dawson Massacre
Occurred in this vicinity on September 18, 1842 when Captain Nicholas Mosby Dawson and 53 men from La Grange, in attempting to join Captain Mathew Caldwell (Old Paint) and his company of Texas volunteers during the Battle of the Salado, were . . . — Map (db m85981) HM
Texas (Franklin County), Mount Vernon — 9849 — Ripley Massacre
Ambrose Ripley and his wife Rachel (Wood) brought their family to Texas in 1837, settling near here in what was then Red River County. They established their home near the Nacogdoches Road (Cherokee Trace) and a stream now known as Ripley Creek. . . . — Map (db m119349) HM
Texas (Gillespie County), Harper — 10077 — Site of the McDonald Massacre
Pioneer preacher Matthew Taylor and the families of his daughter and two sons moved here in 1863 from their homestead on the Llano River. They built a cabin on this site near the source of the Pedernales River. In August 1864, Matthew and his son . . . — Map (db m59741) HM
Texas (Goliad County), Fannin — 322 — Battle of Coleto and Goliad Massacre
After the fall of the Alamo, March 6, 1836, Colonel James Walker Fannin, with about 400 soldiers, mostly volunteers from the United States in the Texas War for Independence, was ordered by Texas General Sam Houston to retreat from Goliad to . . . — Map (db m116301) HM
Texas (Mitchell County), Colorado City — 995 — Comanche Village Massacre
In this vicinity on a bank of the Colorado October 21, 1840 a Comanche Indian village was completely destroyed and much stolen property recovered including 500 horses 128 Indians were killed 34 were captured The expedition . . . — Map (db m73318) HM
Texas (Presidio County), Marfa — 18324 — Porvenir Massacre
Porvenir was a community in remote northwest Presidio County on the Rio Grande. In the midst of military conflicts and raids across and along the international border and in the immediate area during the Mexican Revolution, the small farming and . . . — Map (db m141382) HM
Texas (Real County), Leakey — 4831 — Site of McLaurin Massacre(Last Indian Raid in Frio Canyon)
On April 19, 1881, Catherine "Kate" Ringer McLaurin (Sometimes McLauren) was with her three small children and 14-year old Allen Lease in the garden when a band of Lipan Apaches started to plunder her home. Lease, thinking there were pigs in the . . . — Map (db m111361) HM
Texas (Throckmorton County), Throckmorton — 15093 — Bush Knob Massacre
In 1873, rancher Bill Hayes organized a group to drive cattle to the Indian Territory. They gathered cattle, including some belonging to rancher and outlaw John Larn, who Hayes believed had earlier rustled his cattle. Larn and a deputy secured a . . . — Map (db m93566) HM
Texas (Williamson County), Leander — 9369 — "Webster Massacre"
Here sleep the victims of the "Webster Massacre" of August 27, 1839 About thirty homeseekers headed by John Webster enroute to what is now Burnet County, were attacked by a band of Comanche Indians After attempting to flee . . . — Map (db m60279) HM
Texas (Williamson County), Leander — 9368 — Webster Massacre
1 ¾ miles east to the graves of the victims of the Webster Massacre which occurred August 27, 1839 when John Webster and a party of about thirty, en route to a land grant in Burnet County, were attacked by a band of Comanche Indians. After . . . — Map (db m69260) HM
Utah (Juab County), Nephi — 11 — Salt Creek Canyon Massacre
This monument replaces one previously erected (that crumbled through weather conditions) by Langley A. Bailey, Sr., Jacob Bowers and Henry Knowles in memory of the following pioneers: Jens Jergensen and wife, Jens Terkelsen and Christian E. Kjerulf . . . — Map (db m75247) HM
Utah (Millard County), Delta — 447 — Gunnison Massacre Site
In 1853, Captain John W. Gunnison was selected to lead an expedition to find a trans-continental railroad route. He followed the Old Spanish Trail through Salina Canyon, over the mountains to Pahvant Valley, and upon reaching Fillmore, visited his . . . — Map (db m69536) HM
Utah (Sanpete County), Ephraim — 144 — Indian Massacre
Near this spot on Tuesday, October 17, 1865, Black Hawk, a Ute chief, led his warriors out of Cottonwood Canyon foraging for cattle. They stole the entire Ephraim herd. Settlers who were working in the fields were massacred and lie buried in one . . . — Map (db m74951) HM
Utah (Utah County), Fairview — 227 — Given Family Massacre
In the spring of 1865 John Given with his wife Eliza and their four children, John Jr., Mary, Anna, and Martha, settled in the meadow land about 110 feet west of here. They built a cabin and willow shanty. Charles Brown and Charles W. Leah were . . . — Map (db m139785) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — Mountain Meadows Massacre
Massacre of Men and Boys On September 11, 1857, a procession of Arkansas emigrants bound for California marched northward up this valley having been persuaded to leave their beseiged camp by Mormon militiamen, bearing a white flag, who . . . — Map (db m60898) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — Mountain Meadows Massacre Grave Site Memorial
Built and maintained by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Out of respect for those who died and were buried here and in the surrounding area following the massacre of 1857. — Map (db m46792) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — The Mountain Meadows Massacre
Led by Captains John T. Baker and Alexander Fancher, a California-bound wagon train from Arkansas camped in this valley in the late summer of 1857 during the time of the so-called Utah War. In the early morning hours of September 7th, a party of . . . — Map (db m46765) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Westminster — The Westminster Massacre
(east face) William French Shot at Westminster March 13, 1775, Erected by the State Of Vermont in 1873. (north face) Daniel Houghton Shot at Westminster March 13, 1775, by an act of the Vermont Legislature of 1904 These Bronze . . . — Map (db m98017) WM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Kerrs Creek — The Massacre of Kerr's Creek
The Massacre of Kerr's Creek took place near the Big Spring a few hundred yards from this spot. Oct. 10, 1764 A band of Shawnee Indians coming over the mountains from the Ohio surprised the fort and killed from fifty to sixty persons. This was the . . . — Map (db m107985) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), Newell — Logan Massacre
One of the events which led up to Dunmore's War was the killing at this point of the family of Chief Logan, eloquent leader of the Mingo Indians, April, 1774, opposite their village at the mouth of Yellow Creek in Ohio. — Map (db m44727) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), McMechen — Foreman Massacre
Near this spot occurred the massacre, by Indians, of Captain William Foreman and Twenty of his men on September 27th, 1777.--•-- This marker erected by Wheeling Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m71009) HM WM
West Virginia (Marshall County), McMechen — Forman Massacre
In the "Narrows," September 27, 1777, Capt. Wm. Forman (Foreman) and his Hampshire County troops were ambushed by Indians; 21 were killed. They had joined Fort Henry garrison, located on the Ohio at Wheeling to protect western settlements. — Map (db m71010) HM
Wyoming (Carbon County), Sinclair — Rock Springs Massacre
Anglo-European Coal Miners Near Rock Springs, Wyoming... killed 26 Chinese on Thursday afternoon, September 3, 1885, and torched their nearby settlement. More than 550 other Orientals fled into the hills. Two days later, Fort Fred Steele's . . . — Map (db m89829) HM
Wyoming (Sheridan County), Banner — Fetterman Massacre Memorial
On this field on the 21st day of December, 1866, three commissioned officers and seventy six privates of the 18th U.S. Infantry, and of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry, and four civilians, under the command of Captain Brevet-Lieutenant Colonel William J. . . . — Map (db m85998) HM

Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — William Henry Harrison
Oregon Trail Memorial Erected 1931 Restored 1978 Caribou County 4H Builders Club In honor of William Henry Harrison of Massachusetts who lost his life on the Oregon Trail about 1850. Erected by his niece Mrs. Alura F. . . . — Map (db m106732) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — 10 — Lawrence
Lawrence was established in 1854 by the Emigrant Aid Company, a New England organization formed to prevent the new Kansas territory from becoming a slave state. When the first legislature enacted the so-called Bogus Laws with severe penalties for . . . — Map (db m20460) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — Pioneer CemeteryEstablished 1854
This Cemetery, known originally as Oread, was opened in 1854 by the New Englanders who founded Lawrence. Following burials in 1882, Oread fell into disuse. In 1928, the City of Lawrence changed the name to Pioneer Cemetery. The marble obelisk . . . — Map (db m20474) HM
Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — The Old State House
The Old State House, Boston’s oldest public building, was built in 1713 as the seat of British colonial government. Here the Royal Governor and the Massachusetts Assembly debated the Stamp Acts and the Writs of Assistance. The Declaration of . . . — Map (db m18096) HM
Minnesota (Meeker County), Litchfield — 3 — Ness Cemetery State Monument
First Blood In memory of the first five victims of the great Indian massacre of August 1862, and buried here in one grave Robinson Jones • Viranus Webster • Howard Baker • Ann Baker • Clara D. Wilson Erected by the State in 1878 . . . — Map (db m70407) HM WM
New York (Otsego County), Cherry Valley — Colonel Alden Felled
On this spot Col. Alden was felled by the tomahawk on the day of the massacre Nov. 11. 1778 — Map (db m42462) HM
New York (Schenectady County), Schenectady — Schenectady
Updated 2008 Marker: The Chamber of Schenectady County Welcomes You To Schenectady Settled by Arent Van Curler 1661 Burned by the French and Indians Feb. 8, 1690 The original 1924 marker read: Erected by Chamber of . . . — Map (db m15074) HM
New York (Schenectady County), Schenectady — South Gate of Stockade
Located at centre of present State Street in east line of stockade, which extended north, through a point nine feet west of northeast corner of present State and Ferry Streets. Watch house was located southwest of, and near this . . . — Map (db m7251) HM
South Carolina (Lancaster County), Buford — Disaster in South Carolina
A Declaration After years of tension over taxation and trade, the America colonies declared their independence from Great Britain in 1776. The British Government was determined not to let the colonies go without a fight. The Fight for . . . — Map (db m95553) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — The Old Spanish Trail and The California Road
An arduous 1,200-mile route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, the "Old Spanish Trail" passed through Mountain Meadows during its heyday, between 1830 and 1848. The trail served traders who loaded their pack mules with woolen goods from Santa Fe each . . . — Map (db m114259) HM

Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — Eads Roadside Park Exhibit
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site memorializes the massacre of nearly two hundred Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians. Near dawn on November 29, 1864, detachments of the 1st . . . — Map (db m107179) HM

Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — Paoli
Front of Monument: Sacred to the memory of the patriots who on this spot fell a sacrifice to British barbarity during the struggle for American Independence on the night of the 20th September 1777. Left Side of Monument: The atrocious . . . — Map (db m13399) HM

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Old Blockhouse
Here stood one of a line of blockhouses built 1764 by Montresor to protect the Army of Bradstreet from Indian massacres on march — Map (db m54363) HM

Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), New London — 4 — Lundborg-Broberg State Monument
This Monument is Erected by the State of Minnesota, in Memory of Anders Petter Lundborg, born Mar. 23, 1837. Gustof Lundborg, born Apr. 30, 1839. Lars Lundborg, born Dec. 22, . . . — Map (db m78140) HM WM
New York (Washington County), Argyle — The Family of John Allen
Nine persons were massacred about 100 yards east of here by a band of Indians attached to Burgoyne's army July 25,1777. The Cairn marks their burial place. — Map (db m58512) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Westminster — Court House
Westminster "Massacre" Northward stood the Cumberland County Courthouse, seat of New York's colonial administration. Opposition to holding a court session led to the "Massacre" of March 13, 1775. Here the New Hampshire Grants on Jan. 16, 1777, . . . — Map (db m94378) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Stickleyville — K-5 — Fanny Dickenson Scott Johnson
In this valley in June 1785, Fanny Dickenson Scott's husband, Archibald Scott, their four children and a young male member of the nearby Ball family were killed by members of four different Indian tribes. The rest of the Ball family escaped, but . . . — Map (db m35982) HM
West Virginia (Greenbrier County), Lewisburg — Pontiac's War/Welsh Cemetery
Pontiac's WarMassacre of white families of Muddy Creek and of the Clendenins near here by a band of Shawnee Indians led by Chief Cornstalk, in 1763, completed the destruction of the early settlements in the Greenbrier Valley.

Welsh . . . — Map (db m50395) HM

Arizona (Maricopa County), Sentinel — The Oatman Family
In memory of The Oatman Family Six members of this pioneer family massacred by Indians in March 1851 — Map (db m72168) HM
New York (Albany County), Berne — Johannes Dietz
Near this spot in September 1781 Johannes Dietz and seven members of his family were massacred by Tories and Indians. — Map (db m30756) HM

Alabama (Baldwin County), Stockton — First Creek WarBattles in Alabama & Baldwin County
27 July 1813 – Battle of Burnt Corn 30 August 1813 – Fort Mims Massacre 31 August 1813 – Kimbell – James Massacre 2 September 1813 – Attack at Fort Sinquefield 13 September 1813 – Wood's Bluff . . . — Map (db m122631) HM WM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — Union Prison Collapse
Very near here at 1425 Grand Avenue during The Civil War, a tragedy occurred that was to intensify the ferocious hatred of the Border guerrillas for the Union forces. Under Union General Ewing's orders, the guerrillas' women were imprisoned in a . . . — Map (db m42056) HM

Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — The Lion MonumentDer Löwendenkmal — Le Monument du Lion —
The Lion Monument is dedicated to the memory of the Swiss mercenaries who, in the service of Louis XVI, King of France, were killed during the French Revolution in Paris when the Tuileries were invaded on August 10, 1792, or who were guillotined on . . . — Map (db m67330) HM WM
Colorado (Lincoln County), Hugo — Hugo Country
Sand Creek Massacre At dawn on the morning of November 29 I was still in bed when I heard shouts and the noise of people running about the camp. I jumped up and ran out of my lodge. From down the creek a large body of troops was . . . — Map (db m107245) HM

Minnesota (Brown County), Essig — Taken by Surprise
In the summer of 1862, after years of broken treaty promises and late payments that fueled growing tensions and conflict, some Dakota began an attempt to forcibly reclaim their homeland. After attacking the Redwood (Lower Sioux) Agency . . . — Map (db m67915) HM WM
Virginia (Scott County), Gate City — K-12 — Faris (Ferris) Station
About two miles east of Moccasin Gap, Elisha Faris (Ferris) in 1787 obtained l16 acres on both sides of the Moccasin Creek. He and his family settled in the area about 1782 and their home became a stop on the Wilderness Road. On 26 Aug. 1791, . . . — Map (db m90926) HM

Alabama (Clarke County), Whatley — Fort Sinquefield
Fort Sinquefield Kimbell - James Massacre Creek War 1812-13 Erected by Clarke County School Children 1931 Lest we forget Hayden and his dogs. — Map (db m115627) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Ye Ebenezer Avery House
Shelter was afforded our wounded & dying soldiers within this house, after the massacre at Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. — Map (db m19046) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 257 — Utah & Northern Railway
One mile south and directly west of this highway, an old 1878 railway grade is still visible, although trains have not used it since 1890. Jay Gould -- a nationally prominent financier and Union Pacific owner -- extended Utah and Northern . . . — Map (db m105708) HM
Idaho (Power County), American Falls — Register Rock
After their meals were cooked and their livestock grazed, eany (sic)(Many?) pioneers took time to record their presence on this and other rocks in the area. The land around Register Rock was a common camping area along the Oregon and California . . . — Map (db m124166) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), East St. Louis — 19 — 1010 Pennsylvania AvenueRemembering the 1917 East St. Louis Race Riot
Here stood the home of Malbern Stephens, a decent man who fought corruption. He was elected mayor after the riot and oversaw reparations to the victims. — Map (db m142346) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), East St. Louis — 21 — 621 N. 9th StreetRemembering the 1917 East St. Louis Race Riot
Marcus Garvey blamed the massacre on Mayor Fred Mollman, who lived at this site. The mayor was incompetent and was indicted for not doing his duty. — Map (db m142460) HM
Kansas (Cherokee County), Riverton — Cosmopolitan CornerKansas Historic Route 66 Byway

The people of the Cherokee Nation left a lasting legacy to this corner of the State.

The 1836 Treaty of New Echota forced the removal of the Cherokee Nation from lands east of the Mississippi to the new Indian Territory. In addition to . . . — Map (db m81141) HM

Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Billerica — John Rogers Homestead1630 - 1930
Near this spot stood the John Rogers homestead, which was destroyed in the Indian massacre of 1695, and the entire family killed. — Map (db m48838) HM
Missouri (Caldwell County), Braymer — Haun's Mill
. . . — Map (db m22502) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — A Night of “Savage Cruelty”September 28, 1778
The evening of September 27, 1778, found Baylor’s Dragoons settling for the night near this site. The neighborhood’s name, Overkill, came from the small bridge “Over de kill”, a kill being a creek or river to the Jersey Dutch . . . — Map (db m8454) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — Propaganda: The Mighty Pen
The American army may have had trouble supplying its soldiers and keeping them fit for fighting, but in one way the Americans were superior: their propaganda writers were experts at whipping up anti-British feelings. An incident like the Baylor . . . — Map (db m8474) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Alamance — G 111 — Battle of Clapp's Mill
Troops led by Henry Lee ambushed British cavalry of Banastre Tarleton one mile north, Mar. 2, 1781. Americans retreated under heavy British fire. — Map (db m32592) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Battle of Clapp's Mill
Battle of Clapp's Mill On March 2, 1781, the American light troops under Colonel Otho Holland Williams of Maryland and Lieutenant Colonel Henry "Lighthouse Harry" Lee of Virginia engaged the British light troops near Clapp's Mill on Beaver . . . — Map (db m28062) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Snow Camp — G 76 — Snow Camp
Settled by Quakers in 1749. Cornwallis camped in area after Battle of Guilford Courthouse and used home of Simon Dixon as headquarters. — Map (db m32292) HM
Pennsylvania (Snyder County), Selinsgrove — John Harris, Founder of Harrisburg
On October 25,1755 John Harris, Founder of Harrisburg, and a party of 40 men who came up the river to investigate the (John) Penn's Creek Massacre, were ambushed by a party of Indians near the mouth of this creek at the head of the Isle of . . . — Map (db m43884) HM
South Carolina (Lancaster County), Buford — Buford's Defeat
Tarleton's Ploy After leaving General Cornwallis' army on May 27, Tarleton drove his men and horses relentlessly, covering 105 miles in 54 hours. He sent a messenger ahead with a surrender demand. Colonel Buford refused. Tarleton's ploy delayed . . . — Map (db m95554) HM
South Carolina (Lancaster County), Lancaster — Memorials and Archaeology
Early Memorialization In the decades after the Revolution, the woodland surrounding the battlefield was gradually converted to farm fields and pasture. In 1845, James A. Witherspoon led an effort to raise money for a grave monument and . . . — Map (db m71573) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — 4E 22 — Fort PillowApril 12, 1864
Federal forces captured this important Confederate work, 18 miles west, in 1862. To end depredations committed by the Federal garrison, Forrest, with a force from his Confederate Cavalry Corps, attacked and captured the fort. Of the garrison of 551 . . . — Map (db m43263) HM
Texas (Goliad County), Goliad — 2257 — Grave of Colonel J. W. Fannin and His Men
After battle of Coleto (March 19 - 20, 1836), where a Texas Army under Col. James Walker Fannin met defeat by Mexicans in superior numbers, the Texas soldiers were held in Presidio La Bahia, supposedly as war prisoners. However, by order of Mexican . . . — Map (db m35516) HM
Texas (Kendall County), Comfort — 15 — Treue Der Union Monument("Loyalty to the Union")
[Panel 1:] This German language monument, erected 1866, honors the memory of 68 men (mostly Germans) from this region who were loyal to the Union during the Civil War. Trying desperately to reach U.S. Federal troops by way of Mexico, about . . . — Map (db m34985) HM

Georgia (Echols County), Statenville — 050-3 — Skirmish at Cow Creek
Near here, on August 27, 1836, Georgia Militia companies commanded by Col. Henry Blair, Captain Lindsay and Capt. Levi J. Knight, fought a skirmish with Creek Indians and routed them, killing two and taking several prisoners. During this summer the . . . — Map (db m27036) HM
Tennessee (Polk County), Benton — 2A10 — Nancy Ward
High priestess of the Cherokee and always loyal friend of white settlers, is buried on the ridge to the west. She repeatedly prevented massacres of white settlers and several times rescued captives from death at the hands of her people. She is also . . . — Map (db m80167) HM

El Salvador, San Salvador — Three Decades of Alberto Masferrer University
Universidad Alberto Masferrer símbol y lema: Tres decadas formando ganadores La junta central de directores de la Universidad Salvadoreña Alberto Masferrer USAM En conmemoración del trigésimo aniversario de su fundación, y con la . . . — Map (db m71225) HM
El Salvador, Usulután, Alegría — House Where Alberto Masferrer Was BornCasa del nacimiento de Alberto Masferrer
Alberto Masferrer Humanista insigne y maestro meritísimo Homenaje de la Facultad de Humanidades en el centenario de su nacimiento 1968 English translation: Alberto Masferrer Distinguished humanist and the best of . . . — Map (db m95208) HM

Spain, Catalonia (Barcelonès), Barcelona — The Aerial Bombing of the Plaza / El Bombardeo de la Plaza / El Bombardeig de la Plaça

The Aerial Bombing of the Plaza

Barcelona was continuously bombed on the morning of 30 January 1938, from 9 am to 11.20 am, by Franco's ally, the fascist Italian air force.

The Sant Felip Neri . . . — Map (db m141606) HM

Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Pocatello's LifeChief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello - Born in a Time of Change It is hard to imagine the change Pocatello saw during his lifetime, and the challenges to his people's way of life to which he was forced to respond. Early Life Pocatello was . . . — Map (db m108331) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Freedom — Pioneer Historic Byway
Chesterfield Chesterfield established in 1879, is an early Mormon settlement on the Oregon Trail. The town features 23 historic brick buildings built between 1884 and 1904, including the old Chesterfield store. Chesterfield is on the . . . — Map (db m109912) HM

Guatemala, Guatemala (Municipality of Guatemala), Guatemala City — Fire at the Spanish Embassy in GuatemalaIncendio de la Embajada de España en Guatemala
Quede escrita aqui la palabra de los conciudadanos perseguidos y masacrados por los cuerpos represivos del estado por hacer oir la voz de los pueblos del Quiche Programa Nacional de Resarcimiento 31 de enero de 1980 . . . — Map (db m80258) HM
Alabama (Butler County), Greenville — In Memory of Captain William Butler
A native of Virginia. Pioneer settler of Butler County for whom the county is named Massacred by the Indians near Butler Springs March 18, 1818 — Map (db m130049) HM
Colorado (Elbert County), Kiowa — Pioneer Women of Colorado
Erected by Pioneer Women of Colorado 1939 A.D. in memory of pioneers massacred by Indians. 1864 A.D. Hungate, Nathan W. and Ellen and Children Laura V., Florence V. 1868 A.D. Dietemann, Henrietta and son John, Louis Alma, Joseph Bledsoe — Map (db m45748) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Seffner — Florida Militia Ambush
. . . — Map (db m130072) HM
Florida (Pinellas County), Safety Harbor — Bahia Espiritu Santo Mission
   Menendez, Spanish Governor of Florida, after building fort at St. Augustine (1565) came to this site in 1567 and persuaded the Indian Chief Tocobago and his 1500 braves who lived here, to accept Christianity. Menendez erected a blockhouse for a . . . — Map (db m46671) HM
Georgia (Camden County), St. Marys — Georgia’s Spanish PeriodSt. Marys History Walk
From roughly 1568 through 1684, twelve Spanish missions were established from St. Augustine to what is now coastal South Carolina. On Cumberland Island, the Franciscan mission San Pedro de Mocama ministered to the Native Americans. The . . . — Map (db m144956) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Wagon Box Grave of 1861First Grave in Cemetery
This monument marks the grave of an immigrant family, father, mother , and five children, massacred on Little Spring Creek one half mile south of this spot, buried in their own wagon box by trappers and immigrants led by George W. Goodheart. — Map (db m106254) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Fort Dearborn
Defense Fort Dearborn stood almost on this spot. After an heroic defense in eighteen hundred and twelve, the garrison together with women and children was forced to evacuate the fort. Led by Captain Wells, they were brutally massacred by the . . . — Map (db m47670) HM
Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Site of Last French Fort
Erected, 1750, by Captain Raimond Surrendered to the British under Lieutenant Butler in 1760. Ensign Richard Holmes and British garrison massacred by Miami Indians in 1763. The most severe engagement of battle between Gen. Josiah . . . — Map (db m21036) HM
Indiana (Scott County), Scottsburg — Pigeon Roost
A community established here in 1809 was attacked by Indians on September 3, 1812; 15 children and 9 adults were massacred; only one family escaped to spread the alarm. — Map (db m99659) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — Free State Hotel
This marks the site of the Free State Hotel erected in 1855 by the New England Emigrant Aid Society. Destroyed by Sheriff Jones and his posse May 21, 1856, and rebuilt by Col. Schaler W. Eldridge. Quantrill and his raiders destroyed Lawrence August . . . — Map (db m20397) HM
Kansas (Ellis County), Victoria — Union Pacific Employees Killed In Cheyenne Indian Raidon August 1, 1867

R. S. Ashley, Foreman (Wisconsin) Thomas Carney (Iowa) • Charles Watson (Canada) John Harrington (Kansas City) Pat Rafferty (Kansas City) • Hugh McDonaugh (Denver) . . . — Map (db m95693) HM

Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 1094 — Scott's BlockhouseThe Anchor Point of the Greenville Treaty Line — The Mouth of the Kentucky River —
Blockhouse built here, 1789, by Gen. Charles Scott for protection of settlers against Indians who had massacred and driven off earlier families. Scott came from Va., 1785. He was in the French and Indian Wars. Organized first company south of . . . — Map (db m77353) HM
Kentucky (Hickman County), Clinton — 895 — County Named, 1821
For Capt. Paschal Hickman who was massacred by Indians after River Raisin battle, Jan., 1813, one of nine Ky. officers killed in that action for whom counties named. Resided Franklin County, extensive landowner. Originally, Hickman comprised the . . . — Map (db m36945) HM
Kentucky (Nelson County), Bardstown — 1586 — Kincheloe's Station
Near here is site of Kincheloe's Station. Named for Capt. William Kincheloe, one of the leaders who established station in early 1780s. Later called Polke's Station for Chas. Polke, who claimed the land. Indians made a surprise attack in Sept., . . . — Map (db m122024) HM
Kentucky (Scott County), Georgetown — 508 — Remember the Raisin!
Rendezvous of Kentucky Volunteers, Aug. 15, 1812, ordered to relieve Gen. Hull at Detroit. Kentuckians took Frenchtown (Monroe) on Raisin River Jan. 18, 1813. Four days later enemy attacked-killed, massacred, wounded, or captured all but 30. Of 1050 . . . — Map (db m70577) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Pioneer MonumentCivil War Monument
east side In memory of our honored brave who fell in defence of The Union. north side In memory of those who fell in defence of New Ulm 1862. west side In memory of those massacred by the Indians in Brown Co. . . . — Map (db m68705) WM
New Hampshire (Merrimack County), Concord — This Monument is in Memory of Samuel Bradley
This monument is in memory of Samuel Bradley Jonathan Bradley Obadiah Peters John Bean & John Lufkin Who were massacred August 11TH, 1746 By the Indians near This spot ~ Erected 1837 By Richard Bradley Son of the Hon. John Bradley, & . . . — Map (db m129598) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Hackensack — Armenian Genocide
In remembrance of the Armenian Genocide 1915 – 1923 where 1,500,000 innocent Armenians were massacred by the Ottoman Turks. Dedicated July 8, 1990 — Map (db m62945) HM
New Jersey (Salem County), Hancocks Bridge — Hancock House1778
In memory of those patriots who were massacred by the British in this house March 21, 1778 ---------- Erected by Oak Tree Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Salem New Jersey 1903 — Map (db m21591) HM
New York (Washington County), Fort Edward — Memorial to Jane McCrea
Memorial to Jane McCrea massacred near this spot by the Indians July 27, 1777. Erected by the Jane McCrea Chapter, D.A.R. 1901 — Map (db m9237) HM
Ohio (Erie County), Castalia — Snow's Grist Mill
In 1810 Snow's grist mill was built near here. Unfailing water supply brought people from great distances to Cold Creek mills. Snow's family was massacred by Indians in 1813 — Map (db m31746) HM
Ohio (Jefferson County), Steubenville — Lest We Forget - Chief Logan"Tah-Gah-Jute" — A Chief of the Mingoes - A Friend of the Whites —
From near this place in 1774, all the family of Logan was lured across the Ohio River and massacred by Whites thus sending Logan and Ohio Indian nations on a path of war for vengeance now known to history as Cresap's War. "Who Shall Mourn" — Map (db m44144) HM
Oklahoma (Garfield County), Bison — Buffalo SpringsOn the Old Chisholm Trail. 1/3 mi West
From this noted watering place came the name of "Bison," 1 mi. so., "Buffalo Springs" was the camp site of Pat Hennessey and his men just before they were massacred, 7 mi. so., July 4, 1874. Next day, a war band of Indians was stood off by ranchmen . . . — Map (db m39801) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — Logans Town
Talgayeeta, a Cayuga Indian also known as Chief Logan lived here 1772. Logans sister Koonay married trader John Gibson here. Logans family was massacred by renegade whites at Yellow Creek in 1774. He then wreaked terrible vengeance on white settlers . . . — Map (db m44880) HM
Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Conestoga — Conestoga Indian Town
The Conestoga Indians lived in scattered settlements along this stream. They were the last of the once mighty Susquehannocks. Their final location was the Conestoga Indian Town which was along the road leading to Creswell. William Penn visited the . . . — Map (db m122634) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), Moravia — Friedensstadt
Marker #1 Founded 1770 by Christian Delaware Indians brought from upper Allegheny by the Reverend David Zeisberger. Settling on the eastern river-bank on May 3, they moved to the west side about three months later.

Marker #2 . . . — Map (db m40214) HM

Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Exeter — Battle of WyomingJuly 3, 1778
The British battle line was formed almost parallel with and a little north of this street by Major John Butler, the commander, and Sayenqueraghta, chief of the Senecas. After advancing in formation for a mile to about 100 yards south of the British . . . — Map (db m56393) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wyoming — Battle of Wyoming
Nearby on July 3, 1778, 300 patriots under Col. Zebulon Butler were defeated by 1100 British, Tories, and Indians with Maj. Gen. John Butler. Captives were massacred; survivors fled to Forty Fort. — Map (db m18895) HM
Tennessee (Blount County), Maryville — 1E 5 — Houston's Station
Established by James Houston in 1785, it stood about 300 yards east on Little Nine Mile Creek. From here, in 1786, John Sevier led 160 horsemen against the Cherokee towns. In 1788, the Kirk family was massacred about three miles south; shortly . . . — Map (db m58500) HM
Tennessee (Hawkins County), Rogersville — 1B 50 — Rogers Cemetery
Many of the early settlers of Hawkins County are buried in this cemetery, 170 yards south, including Joseph Rogers, the founder of Rogersville, and his descendants. The grandparents of David Crockett who were massacred by the Indians are also . . . — Map (db m91864) HM
Tennessee (Knox County), Knoxville — 1E 31 — Cavett's Station
About 1/2 mile north was this early fortified settlement. Here on Sept 25, 1793, Alexander Cavett and 12 other settlers were massacred by a Cherokee war party under Doublehead, one of the more savage chiefs of the tribe. — Map (db m32688) HM
Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 36 — General William Hall
Revolutionary War veteran Major William Hall settled in this area in 1785 and built a station, 1 1/4 miles northeast. He and two sons were massacred a few years later. Born in North Carolina in 1775, General William Hall, his son, served in the . . . — Map (db m68471) HM WM
Texas (Goliad County), Goliad — 2686 — J. W. Fannin
(South Side of Monument) Erected In Memory of J. W. Fannin and his Comrades in Arms April A.D. 1885 Fannin (East Side of Monument) Massacred March 27, A.D. 1836 (North Side of . . . — Map (db m132546) HM WM
Texas (McCulloch County), Rochelle — 4976 — Soldiers Waterhole1850 - 1869
U.S. soldiers, under command of Robert E. Lee, used this site while traveling the nearby Military Road and patroling this area for Indians. Westbound immigrants also camped here prior to the Civil War. Here 27 Indians surprised and . . . — Map (db m116512) HM
Texas (Travis County), Austin — 14101 — Robert Rankin
(front) Born in Virginia, 1753 • Died in Cold Springs, San Jacinto County, Texas, 1837 (back) Robert Rankin was an officer in the Continental Army, Virginia Troops, 1776, in the same company with his near kinsman, John . . . — Map (db m79919) HM
Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Attempted Settlement
A small group of Spanish Jesuits attempted a settlement in Virginia in September, 1570. They are said to have entered James river and landed along this creek and crossed the peninsula to establish a mission near York River. Six months later all were . . . — Map (db m30732) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Fort Neally
During the French and Indian War, Fort Neally was captured and its garrison massacred, Sept. 17, 1756. Many settlers in the vicinity also were killed. Among captives was Isabella Stockton, later wife of William McCleery, Morgantown. — Map (db m12790) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Blacksville — Statler's Fort
John Statler built a fort here in 1770. In its vicinity a number of settlers were Indian victims in 1777 and 18 white men lost their lives the next year. Later Statler himself and companions were massacred. — Map (db m73801) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Stewartstown — Stewartstown
William Stewart settled here in 1771. Northeast was Fort Dinwiddie. Forks of Cheat Baptist Church was organized here, 1775, by John Corbley, the pioneer minister, whose family was massacred later by the Indians. — Map (db m74597) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Oak Flat — Fort Seybert
Fort Seybert, strong frontier post with blockhouse, cabins, and stockade, surrendered to the Indians after three-day siege in 1758. Twenty of the prisoners were massacred and the others were carried into captivity. (Site 2 Mi. North) — Map (db m34461) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Beverly — Beverly
Settled about 1753 by Robert Files and David Tygart. Files' family was massacred near by. Site of Westfall's Fort, 1774. In Mt. Iser Cemetery are the Union trenches and graves of Confederate soldiers killed in Battle of Rich Mountain. — Map (db m24579) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — The Grattan Fight
Sioux Indians massacred 29 Soldiers with their Officer Brevet 2nd Lt. L. Grattan, on Aug. 19, 1854. Site is ½ mile north-west. An Indian killed a cow from a Mormon caravan. The detachment of soldiers was sent to receive . . . — Map (db m79706) HM

Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Colorado Soldier's Monument
(West side): Colorado Territory - Organized February 28, 1861 Colorado Admitted as a State August 1, 1876 Census of Territory in 1861 - 23,331 War Governors William Gilpin Richard Ed Whitsitt Adjutant General 1861-1862 John . . . — Map (db m4745) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Clash Of CulturesCamp Connor Peace Treaty
Floods of emigrants, gold seekers, and Mormon settlers entering the homeland of the Shoshone and Bannock people from the mid-1840s to early 1860s gave rise to conflict and often violent encounters. Despite Mormon effort to supply them with food, . . . — Map (db m106723) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Harbor East — Katyn Remembered
When duty called they answered. When they refused the embrace of Stalin—they died. Now we commend them to the ages to be included amongst history’s martyrs. In 1939, the Soviet Union in league with Nazi Germany attacked Poland . . . — Map (db m2422) HM
South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County, South CarolinaExploration and Settlement
1520 - 1711       In 1520 the Spaniard, Francisco Gordillo, sailing from Hispaniola, stopped near Port Royal Sound long enough to call the place Santa Elena. Fourty-two years later, in 1562, Jean Ribaut and his French Huguenots named the . . . — Map (db m5886) HM

El Salvador, Morazán, Arambala — El Mozote
Ellos no han muerto Estan con nosotros, Con ustedes y Con la Humanidad entera El Mozote, 11 de dic. de 1991 English translation: They have not died They are with us, With you and With Humanity El . . . — Map (db m83151) WM
Guatemala, Chimaltenango (Municipality of San Juan Comalapa), San Juan Comalapa — San Juan Comalapa Memorial to Genocide Victims
Coordinador Nacional de Viudas de Guatemala “Conavigua” “Las osamentas y la historia de la verdad” “En memoria a nuestros niños, niñas, mujeres y hombres quienes fueron victimas del genocidio y la represión . . . — Map (db m101213) WM

Alabama (Butler County), Greenville — Butler CountyA County Older Than The State
Side 1 Created in 1819 by Act of Alabama Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by the Creek Indian Nation by the Treaty of Fort Jackson, 1814. Named for Captain William Butler, soldier of Creek Indian War, 1813-14, early settler . . . — Map (db m70755) HM
New York (Chemung County), Elmira — The Battle of Newtown
(Front Plaque):Near this site Sunday August 29, 1779 was fought The Battle of Newtown between Continental troops commanded by Major General John Sullivan and combined force of Tories and Indians under Colonel John Butler and Joseph . . . — Map (db m33554) HM
Vermont (Windham County), Vernon — Fort Bridgman Marker
Fort Bridgman The first white settlement In Vernon, Vt. Built in 1737, The scene of many Indian massacres Sacked and burned by the Indians For the third time June 27, 1755, After having slain Caleb Howe And taken captive fourteen . . . — Map (db m48061) HM
West Virginia (Lewis County), Jane Lew — Hacker's Creek/Jane Lew
Hacker's Creek At mouth of Jesse's Run was home of Jesse Hughes, Indian fighter and scout. About 1770, John Hacker settled here. Near by is scene of Cozad and other border massacres. Several Indian villages and burying grounds were . . . — Map (db m78395) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Huttonsville — Elkwater / Col. J. A. Washington
(Obverse) Elkwater Trenches made by Federal troops under Gen. Reynolds, 1861. Nearby were the two Haddan Indian forts, scene of the Stewart and Kinnan massacres. Important features of 4-H Club work among rural youth started here in . . . — Map (db m34370) HM

Ontario (Middlesex County), London — London Women's Monument
The London Women's Monument was dedicated on December 6, 1994. The 5th anniversary of the Montreal Massacre. It is a place to remember and reflect on violence, particularly violence against women, and all women and men who work to end it. — Map (db m18932) HM
Costa Rica, San José (Municipality of San José) — Miguel Hidalgo
Miguel Hidalgo 1753-1811 Padre de la Independencia Mexicana del pueblo de Mexico al pueblo de Costa Rica Gustavo Diaz Ordaz Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1966 English translation: Miguel . . . — Map (db m92454) HM WM
Guatemala, Guatemala (Municipality of Guatemala), Guatemala City — Memorial to the Victims of Guatemala's Armed ConflictMemorial a las Víctimas del Conflicto Armado de Guatemala
Es nuestro deseo erigir este símbolo para dignificar los centenares de mujeres, niños, y hombres que sufrieron los estragos y el horror de la violencia política durante treinta y seis años desde 1960 a 1996. Los nombres aquí grabados . . . — Map (db m105317) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Tensaw — Fort Mims— 500 yards →
Here in Creek Indian War 1813-14 took place most brutal massacre in American history. Indians took fort with heavy loss, then killed all but about 36 of some 550 in the fort. Creeks had been armed by British at Pensacola in this phase . . . — Map (db m86293) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — TallasseehatcheeCreek Indian War 1813-14 — Nov. 3, 1813 —
Gen. John Coffee, commanding 900 Tennessee Volunteers, surrounded Indians nearby; killed some 200 warriors. This was first American victory. It avenged earlier massacre of 517 at Ft. Mims by Indians. — Map (db m27610) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Tombstone — Welcome to Boothill Graveyardand Jewish Memorial — 1879 —
Buried here are the remains of Tom McLaury, Frank McLaury, Billy Clanton - killed in Earp Clanton battle Oct 26, 1881. Dan Dowd, Red Sample, Bill DeLancy, Dan Kelly: Tex Howard hanged legally by Sheriff Ward for Bisbee massacre Mar 1884, John . . . — Map (db m100173) HM
California (Amador County), Drytown — Drytown
Rich placer mining, 1850’s. Origin of town’s name: Lack of water in nearby creek to wash gold. Many Chinese laborers in fields & mines. East gateway to New Chicago, New Philadelphia, Amador City; Quartz mines: Fremont-Gover & Treasure (1867), Bunker . . . — Map (db m74124) HM
California (Shasta County), Fall River Mills — 555 — Lockhart Ferry
Established by Samuel Lockhart in 1856 as a link in the first wagon road from Yreka to Red Bluff, the Lockhart Ferry crossed below the confluence of the Fall and Pitt Rivers near this spot. After a massacre in December 1856, the ferry was . . . — Map (db m10292) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Silas S. Soule
At this location on April 23, 1865, assassins shot and killed 1st Colorado Cavalary Officer Capt. Silas S. Soule. During the infamous Sand Creek Massacre of November 29, 1864, Soule had disobeyed orders by refusing to fire on Chief Black Kettle's . . . — Map (db m67133) HM
Colorado (Prowers County), Lamar — Experience the Past on the Santa Fe Trail
Location, Location, Location Thousands of caravans used the Santa Fe Trail between 1821 and 1880. The trail clung close to the Arkansas River for hundreds of miles across the open plains. The Arkansas Valley offered gentle terrain . . . — Map (db m106937) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Col. William Ledyard
On this spot Col. William Ledyard fell by his own sword in the hands of a British officer to whom he had surrendered in the massacre of Fort Griswold, Sept. 6, 1781. — Map (db m18048) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Groton Battle Monument
The monument was erected under the patronage of the State of Connecticut, A. D. 1830, and in the 55th year of the Independence of the U. S. A. in memory of the brave Patriots, who fell in the Massacre at Fort Griswold, near this spot, on the 6th of . . . — Map (db m18050) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Groton — Site of Ye Ebenezer Avery House
Shelterwas afforded our wounded and dying soldiers within this house after the massacre at Ft. Griswold Sept. 6, 1781 Moved in 1971 to Ft. Griswold State Battlefield Park — Map (db m19050) HM
Florida (Columbia County), Lake City — F-68 — Alligator
Originally called Alpata Telophka, or Alligator Town, this site was a Seminole village, ruled by the powerful chief Alligator, an instigator of the Dade Massacre, which began the great Seminole War of 1835. Following the cessation of hostilities, a . . . — Map (db m57686) HM
Florida (Highlands County), Fort Basinger — F-54 — Fort Basinger
Col. Zachary Taylor had Fort Basinger built in 1837, during the Seminole Wars, on the Kissimmee River 17 miles above its mouth. It was a small stockade which served as a temporary fort and supply station on the line of forts extending from Tampa to . . . — Map (db m54083) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Miami Beach — Scarface
This is the actual staircase that was used in the filming of the “1983” classic movie “Scarface” Starring: Al Pacino, Steven Bauer, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio and Michelle Pfeiffer. This scene depicts the chainsaw . . . — Map (db m134441) HM
Florida (Pasco County), Dade City — F-71 — Fort King Road
Construction on Fort King Road, first known as the Military Road, was begun in 1825 north from Fort Brooke at Tampa Bay. By the 1830’s penetration had been made to Fort King near present-day Ocala, and the road assumed strategic military importance. . . . — Map (db m129360) HM
Florida (Polk County), Lake Wales — Old Indian TrailsFort Gardner — 1837 —
On Kissimmee River sixteen miles northeast of Lake Wales government trail leading to fort crosses highway between Gum Lakes. Lake Rosalee, where Seminole Indians stopped before moving to Everglades, is near this trail. — Map (db m95053) HM
Georgia (Decatur County), Bainbridge — The Battle of Fowltown — Creek Heritage Trail —
The Battle of Fowltown, fought just a few miles to the south of this spot, marked the beginning of the First Seminole War. Fowltown was a Seminole village led by Chief Neamathla which had been allied with the British during the War of 1812. It lay . . . — Map (db m117158) HM
Georgia (Gwinnett County), Lawrenceville — Memorial to the Fallen of 1836
In memory of Gwinnett Company of Mounted Volunteers, under the command of Capt. Hammond Garmany who were slain by Creek Indians 9 June 1836 in a Battle at Shepherd's Plantation in Stewart County: Ens. Isaac Lacy Sgt. James E. . . . — Map (db m85721) HM WM
Idaho (Nez Perce County), Lapwai — Craig Donation Claim
Located Sept. 15, 1846 by William Craig mountain man and his Indian wife Isabel. First permanent white settler in Idaho, 1840, first Nez Perce Indian Agent, 1848; interpreter at Walla Walla Flathead and Blackfoot Councils, 1855 Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m121603) HM
Idaho (Nez Perce County), Lewiston — 111 — Spalding's MissionMarcus Whitman and Henry Harmon Spalding — led Presbyterian Missionaries West in 1836 to answer a Nez Perce call for teachers —
Spalding began his mission and school nearby, but moved here in 1838. Believing in secular as well as religious teaching, he taught the Indians irrigated farming, brought in the Northwest’s first printing press, and built saw and flower mills. But . . . — Map (db m109729) HM
Idaho (Power County), American Falls — Coldwater Hill Rest Area Oregon Trail KioskThe Oregon Trail
(There are five historical panels in this kiosk:) Idaho's Emigrant Trail Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and descent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's . . . — Map (db m124029) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alexander Robinson
(Chee Chee Pin Quay) Chief of the Potawatomi, Chippewa, and Ottawa Indians Who died April 22, 1872 Catherine (Chevalier) his wife who died August 7, 1860 and other members of their family are buried on this spot - Part of the . . . — Map (db m55451) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), East St. Louis — 23 — N. 13th St. and Nectar Ave.Remembering the 1917 East St. Louis Race Riot
A dozen houses were destroyed here. It was two miles from the massacre's core and is the farthest point north that the violence spread. — Map (db m142518) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), East St. Louis — 17 — N. 3rd St. and Missouri Ave.Remembering the 1917 East St. Louis Race Riot
Near this site was the City Hall, police department and fire station. On the night of the massacre, more than 1,000 people sought safety in the municipal buildings. — Map (db m142338) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), East St. Louis — 22 — N. 9th St. and Gross Ave.Remembering the 1917 East St. Louis Race Riot
Around 11 p.m. on July 2, rioters set fire to the neighborhood here in an attempt to spread the violence to the north. Major military reinforcements did not arrive until after midnight. — Map (db m142464) HM
Indiana (Madison County), Pendleton — Three White Men Were Hung Here
Three white men were hung here in 1825 for killing Indians. — Map (db m225) HM
Indiana (Washington County), Salem — 88.1981.1 — Brock Cemetery
Located 40 rods west of this spot. Est. before 1812. Salem's early settlers are buried here including Brocks, Kemps, Hendersons; also John Zink, a ranger with Col. Dawalt, fatally wounded by Indians after the Pigeon Roost Massacre. — Map (db m74079) HM
Indiana (Whitley County), Columbia City — Colonel Augustin De La BalmeAmerican Revolution
[Front Side of Marker]; With recommendation from Benjamin Franklin, Augustin de La Balme, former French Cavalry officer, came to America to assist in the American Revolution. In November 1780, allegedly under secret orders from . . . — Map (db m52817) HM
Indiana (Whitley County), Columbia City — 92.1959.1 — Wm. Wells 1770 - 1812
Miami captive at 14; adopted by Little Turtle; appointed chief scout by Wayne in 1793; granted farm near Ft. Wayne by Congress for "valiant and conspicuous service." Died in Ft. Dearborn Massacre. — Map (db m58108) HM
Kansas (Cheyenne County), St. Francis — Cherry Creek Encampment, 1864-65Last Buffalo
These iron sculptures by Todie Zweygardt are in memory of the Cheyenne and other Indians, survivors of the 29 Nov. 1864 Massacre at Sand Creek, Colo., who fled to this Cherry Creek Valley, remaining until joined by forces of there Plains tribes for . . . — Map (db m78887) HM
Louisiana (Grant Parish), Colfax — Colfax Riot
On this site occurred the Colfax Riot in which three white men and 150 negroes were slain. This event on April 13, 1873, marked the end of carpetbag misrule in the South. — Map (db m34602) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Deerfield — John Stebbins Home Lot
This Marks the Home Lot where John Stebbins Grandson of Rowland the Emigrant A Permanent Settler of 1652 Lived and Died __________ A Soldier under Capt. Lothrop The Only Man Known who Escaped Unhurt At the Bloody Brooke . . . — Map (db m141336) HM WM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Greenfield — Capt. William Turner
A military commander during King Phillip's war. Capt. Turner was killed near here in a retreat after leading a massacre of Indians fishing at the Great Falls of the Conn. River in Gill on May 19, 1676. — Map (db m51133) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Greenfield — Eunice Williams1630 - 1930
Eunice Williams, wife of the Reverend John Williams "The Redeemed Captive," was killed at this place on March 1, 1704, during the Deerfield massacre. — Map (db m29069) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Northfield — Indian Council Fires1630 - 1930
Two hundred and fifty yards eastward are the sites of three large Indian council fires. The Beers Massacre of September 4, 1675, took place in a gorge one-quarter mile to the northeast. — Map (db m48780) HM
Massachusetts (Franklin County), Northfield — Nathanial Dickinson House1630 - 1930
Nathaniel Dickinson lived here nineteen years in a fortified house but was scalped and killed by the Indians on April 15, 1747, at Pachaug Hill. — Map (db m42634) HM
Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — Boston CommonFounded 1634
Neighborhood of Revolution “Paul Revere . . . started on a ride which, in a way has never ended.” - Esther Forbes, author of the classic study, Paul Revere and the World He Lived In In the course of just two pivotal days . . . — Map (db m19101) HM
Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Boston — The Freedom Trail
Neighborhood of Revolution “Paul Revere . . . started on a ride which, in a way has never ended.” - Esther Forbes, author of the classic study, Paul Revere and the World He Lived In In the course of just two pivotal days . . . — Map (db m19151) HM
Massachusetts (Suffolk County), Charlestown — The Freedom Trail
Neighborhood of Revolution “Paul Revere . . . started on a ride which, in a way has never ended.” - Esther Forbes, author of the classic study, Paul Revere and the World He Lived In In the course of just two pivotal days . . . — Map (db m19104) HM
Michigan (Mackinac County), Mackinac Island — 187 — British Landing
Here, during the night of July 16-17, 1812, a small force of British regulars and several hundred voyageurs and Indian allies from St. Joseph Island landed. They occupied a height that overlooks Fort Mackinac and demanded its surrender. Lt. . . . — Map (db m96411) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — First District Court
Here in the log house of Jean Baptiste Jereaume the Federal Court of the Erie District, Territory of Michigan, held its first session July 3, 1805. President Thomas Jefferson named Judge Augustus B. Woodward to preside. Beginning in 1807 the . . . — Map (db m20909) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — Michigan's Tribute to Kentucky
This Monument is dedicated to the Memory of the heroes who Lost their lives in our country's defense, in the Battle and Massacre of the River Raisin, January 22nd, and 23rd, 1813. — Map (db m20937) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — Site of Battles of Jan. 18 - 22
[Marker Front] Site of Battles of Jan. 18 - 22 Gen. Winchester in Command, and River Raisin Massacre Jan. 23, 1813 [Marker Reverse] 800 Americans under Cols. Allen, Lewis and Wells Fought desperately against . . . — Map (db m20041) HM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — RN-BFS-002 — Earle Monument
Erected by the Renville Co. Pioneers, Aug. 18, 1907. In Memory of Radnor Earle who was killed by the Indians in the massacre of Aug. 18, 1862 while Saving his Father's life. — Map (db m70510) HM WM
Minnesota (Renville County), Morton — RN-BFS-002 — Henderson Monument
Erected by the Renville Co. Pioneers, Aug. 18, 1907. In memory of Mrs. S. R. Henderson and her two little daughters, Jehiel Wedge, and Eugene White, who were killed by the Indians in the massacre of Aug. 18, 1862. . . . — Map (db m70514) HM WM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Fort Rosalie
On bluff to south stood Ft. Rosalie, established by the French in 1716. Became nucleus of settlements from which the Miss. Territory was founded. Near this marker stood the French warehouse that was a center of bloodshed during the Natchez Massacre . . . — Map (db m126870) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The Natchez Revoltle revolte de Natchez — Fort Rosalie —
English Early on the morning of November 28th, 1729, a group of 30 Natchez Indians with their hereditary chief, the Great Sun, arrived at Fort Rosalie armed with muskets and announced their plan to brinq meat back to the French from their . . . — Map (db m138006) HM
Montana (Yellowstone County), Billings — Boothill Cemetery
Named Boothill because so many of its occupants went to their deaths with their boots on, this cemetery was the burying ground for Coulson, Yellowstone River town existing from 1877-1885 on the edge of what was to be Billings. Most famous buried . . . — Map (db m28939) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — Gravesite
Six soldiers of those killed in the Baylor Massacre were buried here in three abandoned tan vats. The vats were part of a small tan yard which existed here before the Revolution. The gravesite was discovered in 1967 and the soldiers were . . . — Map (db m7875) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — The British General
In September 1778, British commanders sent huge foraging parties up both sides of the Hudson River, stripping the local farms of their autumn harvest and livestock. Washington’s forces in the area were seriously outnumbered, but he sent small . . . — Map (db m8456) HM
New Mexico (Hidalgo County), Animas — The Clanton Hideout
The infamous Clanton Gang had two crude dugouts here in the 1880s that served as hideouts and a base for wide-ranging outlaw activities, particularly in connection with the Curly Bill Gang’s depredations along the Smugglers’ Trail that passed by . . . — Map (db m37771) HM
New York (Onondaga County), Clay — Oak Orchard
Oak Orchard Sacred area for natives Haudenosaunee gathering, fishing and fording place. Site of massacre of Haudenosaunee people. — Map (db m83896) HM
New York (Ontario County), Rushville — Marcus Whitman
Pioneer missionary patriot colonizer in Oregon Ter. Born here Sept. 4, 1802 — Map (db m61349) HM
New York (Rockland County), Tappan — Reformed Dutch Church of Tappan
Organized 1694 Used as a military hospital and prison during the Revolution. The trials of Major John Andre as a spy, and of Joshua Heit Smith for treason, were held here in 1780. — Map (db m7375) HM
New York (Schenectady County), Glenville — Alplaus
Formerly “Aal Plaats” from Dutch meaning “place of eels.” French and Indians camped at Alplaus Creek on the eve of Schenectady Massacre 1690. — Map (db m125364) HM
New York (Schenectady County), Schenectady — Southwest Corner of Stockade
Southwest Corner of Stockade, was twenty-eight feet South, from a point one hundred feet west, of this tablet. A blockhouse or fort, containing the royal flagstaff, stood in this angle of stockade, and was burned on night of massacre, Feb. 8-9, . . . — Map (db m32410) HM
New York (Sullivan County), Narrowsburg — Thomas DunnPatriot

Thomas Dunn came here in the year 1801 and settled on the lands at Big Eddy, of which this cemetery is a part.

He, his wife Su Dunn and five of his children survived the Wyoming Massacre July 1778 after which he enlisted in the . . . — Map (db m120980) HM WM

New York (Warren County), Lake George — Royal Sussex Regiment Memorial
This plaque commemorates the memory of those officers, N.C.O.s and men of the 35th Regiment of Foot (now the Royal Sussex Regiment), their wives and families who lost their lives during the defence of Fort William Henry, and the subsequent massacre . . . — Map (db m9043) HM
North Dakota (Stutsman County), Jamestown — Fort William H. SewardNear this Marker is the Site of
Established 1872 Abandoned 1877 Officer In Command Captain John H. Patterson in the Spring of 1876 two companies of the 7th Cavalry were encamped in this valley for three weeks. In the Indian Campaign which followed, these . . . — Map (db m112671) HM
Ohio (Lucas County), Toledo — George Duncan Forsyth
[Text on Front Side of Marker] F. C. L. [Text on Right Side of Marker] George Duncan Forsyth Lt. Co. B. 100th O. V. I. Captured at Limestone Station Sept. 8, 1863. Shot and Killed in Libby Prison. Apr. 12, 1864, . . . — Map (db m44765) HM
Ohio (Wood County), Pemberville — 15-87 — William Henry Harrison's Encampment
During the War of 1812, Northwestern Army Commander General William Henry Harrison led troops through northwest Ohio on the way to Detroit and Ft. Malden in Michigan. After the decimation of General James Winchester's division at Frenchtown (Monroe, . . . — Map (db m20429) HM
Ohio (Wyandot County), Crawford — C52 — Burning of CrawfordOhio Revolutionary Memorial Trail
Burning of Crawford »»«« One-half mile northeast, June 11, 1782, the Indians burned Colonel William Crawford at the stake, in revenge for massacre of the Christian Moravian Indians by William- son's earlier . . . — Map (db m20362) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Peter Skene Ogden House
400 feet south of this marker stood the home of Peter Skene Ogden Chief Factor of Hudson's Bay Co. and rescuer of the survivors of the Whitman Massacre. — Map (db m8714) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Merlin — Historic Indian Mary Park
The smallest Indian Reservation ever created. Granted to "Indian Mary" by the U.S. Government in 1894. In recognition of gratitude to her father, Umpqua Joe, who gave the alarm which saved white settlers of this area from a planned massacre. . . . — Map (db m112780) HM
Pennsylvania (Carbon County), Lehighton — Gnadenhuetten
Gnadenhuetten. The Moravian mission of this name was built in 1746 to accommodate the growing number of Mohican and Delaware Indian converts. It was the first white settlement in present-day Carbon County. It was burned on November 24, 1755, during . . . — Map (db m133878) HM
Pennsylvania (Fulton County), McConnellsburg — Big Spring Graveyard
Among those buried here are victims of the Great Cove Massacre of Nov. 1, 1755, at present McConnellsburg. The raid was conducted by Delawares and Shawnees led by Shingas, the Delaware "king." Houses were burned, and about 50 settlers were killed . . . — Map (db m27267) HM
Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Lancaster — Colonel Matthias Slough1733-1812
Officer in Revolutionary War Member of General Assembly Coroner who presided at inquest of Paxton Massacre Proprietor of White Swan Tavern Member of St. James Church — Map (db m5212) HM
Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Lancaster — Edward Shippen1703 - 1781
Chairman of Committee of Correspondence During American Revolution Chief Burgess of Lancaster at time of Paxton Massacre Judge of the County Court One of Founders and a Trustee of Princeton University Grandfather of Peggy, wife of . . . — Map (db m5207) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Forty Fort — Forty Fort
Named for the forty Connecticut settlers of 1769. Begun in 1770. The Wyoming Massacre followed its surrender to Maj. Butler's force of British, Tories, and Indians, July 4, 1779. — Map (db m18850) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Fort Wilkes Barre 1778
This monument was erected by the Wyoming Valley Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution assisted by the Sons of the Revolution to mark the spot where Fort Wilkes-Barre stood in 1778 at the time of the Wyoming Massacre. The fort was . . . — Map (db m68786) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m19060) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m32163) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m19060) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m90612) HM
Pennsylvania (Monroe County), Pocono Pines — Hungry Hill MemorialSullivan's Expedition
This encampment site was named by General Sullivan’s Expedition of the Revolutionary War, 1779, en route north to avenge the Wyoming Massacre. They called the adjacent swamp Hell’s Kitchen. Army engineers built this first road on the Pocono Plateau, . . . — Map (db m84565) HM
Pennsylvania (Northampton County), Easton — Sullivan's Campaign

This stone marks the road over which General John Sullivan marched June 18, 1779, to quell the Indian insurrection and avenge the Wyoming Massacre ————— Erected by the George Taylor Chapter . . . — Map (db m136117) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benj. H. HodgsonLieut. 7th U.S. Calvery
Son of J. B. & M. A. Hodgson Killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn Custer Massacre June 25, 1876 in the 28th year of his age [ Left of Monument ] U. S. Military Academy West Point Class 1870 [ Right of Monument ] He the . . . — Map (db m40982) HM
Pennsylvania (Pike County), Lords Valley — Wyoming-Minisink Path
The highway here follows closely the route of the Delaware Indian trail from Minisink Island to Wyoming. Refugees from the Massacre of Wyoming, 1778, camped by the “boiling” spring, which may be seen in the woods a few yards SW of here. — Map (db m23643) HM
Pennsylvania (Snyder County), Middleburg — Snyder County
Formed March 2, 1855 out of Union County. The name honors Simon Snyder (Governor, 1808-17) who made his home in Selinsgrove. The county seat of Middleburg was laid out 1800, incorporated 1864. County was scene of the Penns Creek Massacre of 1755. — Map (db m43849) HM
Pennsylvania (Union County), Mifflinburg — John Jacob LeRoy
John Jacob LeRoy was killed by the Indians near this spot during the time of the Penns Creek Massacre, October 18, 1755. This was the first act of hostility by the Indians of this Province following the defeat of General Edward Braddock, July 9, . . . — Map (db m87574) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Irwin — Long Run Church
Recognized site of early Presbyterian meetinghouse during the early 1770’s. First log church was destroyed by fire in 1775.

In 1781 the Long Run Church was built on the site of the William Marshall Family Massacre. — Map (db m109616) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Colonel Thomas Hartley
On this site was the house of Col. Thomas Hartley, first congressman from York County. In 1777, he was prominent in the defense of Philadelphia; led an expedition to avenge the Wyoming Massacre in 1778. — Map (db m4566) HM
South Carolina (Laurens County), Clinton — 30-3 — Providence Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church
The cemetery located about 1/2 mile SW, marks the original site of the church, founded Sept. 10, 1836. Buried here is William Blakely, Sr., survivor of Hayes Station Massacre, 1871, who with Samuel Blakely donated the land for the church and . . . — Map (db m12030) HM
South Carolina (Pickens County), Clemson — Quercus lyrata (Overcup Oak)
This tree is planted as a living memorial to the faculty and students who lost their lives in the April 16, 2007 tragedy at Virginia Tech. — Map (db m20565) HM
South Dakota (Spink County), Redfield — Abbie Gardner
. . . — Map (db m102060) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Goodlettsville — 3A 14 — Mansker’s Station
Here, near Mansker’s Lick, Casper Mansker established a station of the Cumberland Settlements in 1780. The road connecting with Nashboro was built in 1781. John Donelson and his family moved here after abandoning his Clover Bottom Station, following . . . — Map (db m2375) HM
Tennessee (Gibson County), Rutherford — 4B 27 — David Crockett's Last Home
This pioneer finally settled on a farm about 4 1/2 mi. east. Following his last defeat for reelection to Congress, he went to Texas, where he died in the Alamo massacre. This cabin, restored partly from timbers of his original dwelling by . . . — Map (db m81555) HM
Tennessee (Hamblen County), Morristown — 1B-9 — Crockett Tavern
Here stood the Crockett Tavern, established and operated by John and Rebecca Crockett. It was the boyhood home of David Crockett (1786-1836), pioneer and political leader in Tennessee, and a victim of the Alamo Massacre at San Antonio, Texas. — Map (db m43711) HM
Tennessee (Washington County), Limestone — 1C 46 — David Crockett1.8 mi
A flat limestone slab, said to be the doorstone of the original cabin, marks the birthplace of this pioneer. Before his death at the Alamo Massacre in 1836, he had been soldier, trapper, explorer, member of the State Legislature and Representative . . . — Map (db m69615) HM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — Council House
Here stood the early Court House, City Council Room, etc., and where occurred the Indian Massacre in 1840, and where the Court was captured in 1842. De Zavala Daughters of the Heroes of Texas. 1924.Map (db m142413) HM
Texas (Cherokee County), Alto — 6838 — Site of Lacy's Fort
Built before 1835 as a home and trading post by Martin Lacy, Indian agent for the Mexican government. Used as a place of refuge after the massacre of the Killough family, October 5, 1838. — Map (db m121259) HM
Texas (Dawson County), Lamesa — 1183 — Dawson County
Created February 1, 1858 Recreated August 21, 1876 from Bexar Territory Organized February 13, 1905 Named in honor of Nicholas Mosby Dawson 1808-1842 Who fought at the Battle of San Jacinto and fell at Dawson's . . . — Map (db m110193) HM
Texas (Fayette County), La Grange — 12756 — Monument Hill Tomb
In September 1848, the remains of Texans killed in the 1842 Dawson Massacre and the 1843 “Black Bean Death Lottery” were reburied at this site in a sandstone vault. The Kreische family did its best to care for the grave during their . . . — Map (db m53218) HM
Texas (Fayette County), West Point — 5902 — Site of Woods' Fort
Used by colonists of this vicinity as a protection against Indian attacks 1828-1842 fortified residence of Zadock Woods veteran of the War of 1812 One of the old "Three Hundred" of Austin's colonists Oldest man killed in the "Dawson Massacre" . . . — Map (db m79696) HM
Texas (Haskell County), Haskell — 2404 — Haskell County
Created February 1, 1858 Recreated August 21, 1876 Organized January 13, 1885 Named in Honor of Charles Ready Haskell, 1817-1836 A Tennesseean who was shot with Fannin in the Massacre at Goliad Haskell, the County Seat . . . — Map (db m82083) HM
Texas (Jack County), Jacksboro — 2010 — Fort Richardson Cavalry Post Hospital, 1867
In fort built to halt Indian depredations in North Texas. One of buildings and units on inspection in May 1871 by Gen. Wm. Tecumseh Sherman, when news came of massacre of Warren Wagon Train, 24 miles northwest. Killers, later found at Fort Sill, . . . — Map (db m137873) HM
Texas (Shackelford County), Albany — 4647 — Shackelford County
Formed from Bosque County Created February 1, 1858 Organized September 12, 1874 Named in Honor of Dr. Jack Shackelford 1790–1857 Captain of the “Red Rovers”, a company from Alabama which became a . . . — Map (db m80001) HM
Texas (Travis County), Austin — 16097 — John Crittenden Duval
Escaped the massacre March 27, 1836 and was the last survivor of Fannin's Army to die Born in Kentucky in 1816 Died in Fort Worth, Texas January 15, 1897 — Map (db m117215) HM
Texas (Travis County), Austin — 15302 — Seiders Oaks
Site of 1839 home and 1842 massacre of Gideon White. A daughter, Louisa, wed (1846) Edward Seiders, for whom oaks are named. — Map (db m100088) HM
Texas (Waller County), Pattison — 11377 — Stacye Ann Marlin Morgan(Feb. 14, 1819 - March 23, 1894)
Survivor of the famous Morgan Massacre; daughter of settler James Marlin. In Falls County, Jan., 1, 1839, Indians killed and scalped several members of the Morgan and Marlin families. Isaac Marlin, 10, ran 7 miles for help. His sister, Stacye Ann, . . . — Map (db m145837) HM
Utah (Utah County), Provo — Provo's Mormon Pioneers
Provo was settled by Mormon pioneers March 12, 1849. East of this monument a second fort was built in April, 1850. It was here that the settlers were threatened with massacre by Chief Walker and his Band of Indians, but were saved by Chief Sowiett's . . . — Map (db m149444) HM
Utah (Washington County), Central — 1990 Mountain Meadows Monument
In Memoriam In the valley below, between September 7 and 11, 1857, a company of more than 120 Arkansas emigrants led by Captain John T. Baker and Captain Alexander Fancher was attacked while en route to California. This event is . . . — Map (db m46776) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Iron Works1619-1622
Vanished now but for a trace, Falling Creek is the site of the first industrial ironworks in the New World. The close proximity of iron ore, wood for fuel and power provided by the falling water made the Falling Creek site perfect for this . . . — Map (db m32587) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Smithfield — K-238 — Old Town
Half a mile north, stood the Warrascoyack Indian village. Captain John Smith obtained corn there for the starving colonists in 1608. The Warrascoyacks took part in the massacre of 1622 and their village was destroyed in 1623. In 1680, Old Town was . . . — Map (db m18655) HM
Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Archers Hope
The great Indian massacre of March 22, 1622, during which a quarter of the population of Virginia was slain came nearest to Jamestown here in a community known as Archer's Hope. At the house of Ensign William Spence five persons were killed-- John . . . — Map (db m31085) HM
Virginia (Northampton County), Eastville — Debdeavon
"Laughing King of Accomacke Emperor of the Easterne Shoare King of the Great Nussawattocks" A gallant warrior and a loyal friend to the early settlers of the Eastern Shore. His timely warning to the colonists of an intended uprising in 1621, saved . . . — Map (db m7591) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — The Reverend John Roads (Rhodes)
Died 1764. A Pioneer and Christian father, who with his wife and six of his thirteen children, was a victim of the last Indian massacre in Page County. — Map (db m57721) HM
Virginia (Pulaski County), Pulaski — K-40 — Draper's Valley
John Draper's wife, Bettie Robertson Draper, was captured by Shawnee at Draper's Meadow (Blacksburg) in 1755. Mrs. Draper was carried into the Ohio country along with her sister-in-law Mary Draper Ingles and five others. Six years later John Draper . . . — Map (db m23927) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Surry — Chanco
In memory of Chanco The Indian who lived with Richard Pace at Pace’s Paines in this county and who on the night before the massacre of March 22, 1622 informed Pace of Opechancanough’s plot and thus saved the Jamestown Colony . . . — Map (db m36052) HM
Washington (Yakima County), Toppenish — 55 — Indian Horse Races
Charlie Newell’s knowledge of the Indian language and his wide acquaintance with the Yakama Indians enabled him to avert a crisis in which a massacre seemed imminent. The Indian Agency had forbidden the racing of horses and gambling at their meets. . . . — Map (db m129700) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Darkesville — Darkesville
Named for Gen. William Darke, veteran of the Revolution and the Indian wars. He saves the remnants of St. Clair’s army from massacre in 1791 when badly defeated by the Miami Indians. His son Capt. Joseph Darke, lost his life. — Map (db m1979) HM
West Virginia (Marion County), Farmington — Indian Raid
Here Nicholas Wood and Jacob Straight were killed and Mrs. Elizabeth Dragoo captured during Indian raid in 1786. Mrs. Straight and her daughter made their escape from the Indians by hiding under sheltering rocks near by. — Map (db m75089) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — John (Portugee) Phillips
Here on December 25, 1866 John (Portugee) Phillips finished his 236 mile ride to obtain troops for the relief of Fort Phil Kearny after the Fetterman Massacre. — Map (db m79773) HM
Wyoming (Sheridan County), Banner — Portugee Phillips
In honor of John (Portugee) Phillips who Dec. 22-24, 1866, rode 236 miles in sub-zero weather through Indian infested country to Fort Laramie to summon aid for the garrison of Fort Phil Kearny beleaguered by Indians following the Fetterman . . . — Map (db m86069) HM

Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Defending Freedom
I never saw such fighting done as was done by the negro regiment…The question that negroes will fight is settled; besides they make better soldiers in every respect than any troops I have ever had under my command. ~General Blunt after the Battle of . . . — Map (db m59021) HM
California (Lake County), Upper Lake — 427 — Bloody Island (Bo-no-po-ti)
One-fourth mile west is the island called Bo-no-po-ti (Old Island), now Bloody Island. It was a place for native gatherings until May 15, 1850. On that date, a regiment of the 1st Dragoons of the U.S. Cavalry, commanded by Capt. Nathaniel Lyon and . . . — Map (db m1190) HM
Massachusetts (Worcester County), Lancaster — Site of Mary Rowlandson’s Capture
In the field nearby was situated the garrison house of the Rev. Joseph Rowlandson first ordained minister of Lancaster. During his absence on February 10, 1675-76 this garrison house was attacked and destroyed by the Indians. The inhabitants were . . . — Map (db m32253) HM
Michigan (Macomb County), Clinton Township — S142 — Moravian Road
In 1782 marauding American militia massacred nearly one hundred Christian Delaware Indians at their village in eastern Ohio. Seeking refuge, the Delaware settled on the Clinton River two and one-half miles north of here, on land granted by the . . . — Map (db m85632) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — Historic River Raisin
“Remember the River Raisin” became a national battle cry in the War of 1812 after settlers and Kentucky soldiers were massacred by Indians on the river’s banks in violation of protection promised by the British, The stream here was . . . — Map (db m25963) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), Essig — 21 — Milford State Monument
Erected by the State of Minnesota in 1929 in the memory of the men, women and children of Milford who were massacred by the Indians, Aug. 18, 1862. John M. Fink • Monika Fink • Max Fink • Carl Merkle • John B. Zettel • Barbara . . . — Map (db m67951) WM
Mississippi (Jefferson County), Fayette — Beginning of the First Baptist Church in Mississippi
In the Spring of 1780, several families of the Great Pee Dee River area near Charleston, S.C., loaded their possessions on pack-horses and set out for the far off "Natchez Country". Richard Curtis, Sr., was their leader. At the Holston River in . . . — Map (db m105400) HM
Montana (Chouteau County), Big Sandy — Fort Walsh Trail
Another wagon road headed northeast from Fort Bento to the Cypress Hills and Medicine Hat, Alberta. It passed through Big Sandy, on north near Havre and into the Cypress Hills. In 1873 Fort Benton whiskey traders massacred Indians in the Cypress . . . — Map (db m142558) HM
Nevada (Eureka County), Carlin — Gravely Ford
7 miles southeast of here was a favorite pioneer crossing of the Humboldt River, Gravely Ford. Campsite of the Donner Party, here occurred the Snyder-Reed fight, as Snyder lashed at Reed he missed and hit Reed's wife. Reed then killed Snyder. Reed . . . — Map (db m67443) HM
New York (Washington County), Fort Edward — Sixteen Soldiers
This monument is erected to commemorate the sacrifice of the lives of Sixteen Soldiers who were massacred July, 1758, by a band of hostile Indians in the park which was then only a path in the wilderness. The sixteen soldiers, with a teamster, a . . . — Map (db m9341) HM
Ohio (Lucas County), Maumee — Fallen Timbers Battle Monument
(Front) The Greenville Treaty To General Anthony Wayne who organized the “Legion of the United States” by order of President Washington and defeated Chief Little Turtle’s warriors here at Fallen Timbers August 20, 1794. . . . — Map (db m8175) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Saxton — Capt. Phillips' Rangers Memorial
Upright Bronze Plaque The following scouts under Capt. Phillips were massacred here by the Indians July 16, 1780.

M. Davis, T. Gaitrell, D. Kelley, G. Morris, P. Sanders, T. Sanders, A. Shelly, R. Shirley, H. Skelly, P. . . . — Map (db m91086) WM

Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Site of Fort McCord
The site of Fort McCord where twenty-seven pioneer settlers men, women and children were massacred by Indian savages or carried into captivity, April 1st, 1756, was a few rods south east of this spot.

In the list of victims were Mary McCord, . . . — Map (db m84011) HM

South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — St. Helena's Episcopal Church
St. Helena's Parish was established June 7, 1712 by act of Provincial Assembly. First rector, The Rev. William Guy, was appointed 1713; Glebe lands of 50 acres provided 1717. Original church erected 1724; Enlarged 1770 and . . . — Map (db m25741) HM
Texas (Delta County), Cooper — 6944 — Hiram Rattan(Homesite 3/10 mi.; grave 4/10 mi. north)
Delta County pioneer, born 1805. Settled in Texas, 1835, on brother Larkin Rattan's 1,000-acre land grant; later became site for city of Paris. Both Rattan families moved to Delta County in 1839. Hiram obtained two third-class land grants for . . . — Map (db m119786) HM

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May. 30, 2020