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Historical Marker Pages Containing “oregon”

 
Indians and Emigrants Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 28, 2017
Indians and Emigrants Marker
Oregon (Malheur County), Ontario — Ontario Oregon Trail Kiosk
(The Oregon Trail kiosk houses thirteen panels which deal with Native Americans, the Fur Trade, the Oregon Question, Oregon Fever, and trials of the Oregon Trail.) "Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled . . . — Map (db m107234) HM

Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Boone's Landing
Many of Oregon's early transportation routes resulted from the efforts of enterprising pioneers like the Boone family of Clackamas County. In 1846 Alphonso Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone, emigrated to Oregon via the Applegate Trail with his large . . . — Map (db m38396) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Pleasant Hill — Elijah BristowApril 28, 1788 - September 19, 1872
In 1845 Elijah Bristow and his wife (Susannah Gabbart Bristow) left their home in Illinois and traveled overland to California. They came to Oregon in the spring of 1846, following the Hudson's Bay trappers' route to the northern Willamette Valley. . . . — Map (db m99220) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Cascade Locks — Beacon Rock
The prominent monolith across the river was named Beacon Rock by Lewis and Clark, November 2, 1805. It marked the beginning of tidewater for early river explorers who used it for a landmark in their journeys. The Indians say that when the Chinook . . . — Map (db m34643) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Broughton’s Expedition
Captain George Vancouver in a voyage of exploration to the Northwest coast of America ordered by the British Admiralty Office assigned Lieutenant William Robert Broughton, Commander of H.M.S. Chatham, to explore the navigable waters of the Columbia . . . — Map (db m34495) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Troutdale — Sandy River Bridge
On October 30, 1792 off the point in the Columbia River where the Sandy empties its waters, the boat crew from the H.M.S. Chatham (Vancouver's Voyages) were the first white men to sight the snowclad peak which Lt. Wm. R. Broughton named Mt. Hood in . . . — Map (db m38388) HM
Oregon (Sherman County), Wasco — Deschutes River Crossing
The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floating the prairie schooners and swimming the livestock. An island at the river mouth was often utilized when the water was high and the ford dangerous. Pioneer women and . . . — Map (db m34575) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Ancient Indian Fishing GroundsWyam Falls
Before a network of dams controlled the Columbia River it was a raging torrent. Here at Wyam Falls, known today as Celilo Falls, a vertical drop of more than 20 feet and sheer basalt bluffs on either shore forced the river into seething, boiling . . . — Map (db m34581) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — Westport - Santa Fe Trail - Oregon / California Trail
Westport Westport, along with Independence, was a major outfitting point for the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails. Founded in 1834 by John C. McCoy and platted around the trading post he built the previous year, Westport's early . . . — Map (db m50723) HM

Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M11 — Oregon CityOregon History
Oregon City - supply point for pioneer emigrants was first located as a claim by Dr. John McLoughlin in 1829. The first provisional legislature of the Oregon Country was held here in 1843 and land and tax laws formulated. Oregon City was the capital . . . — Map (db m8700) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Roads To The West
The Santa Fe Trail The Santa Fe Trail began in 1821 when William Becknell led a small group of men on a trading expedition from frontier Missouri to colonial Santa Fe. Mexico had recently declared its independence from Spain and abolished . . . — Map (db m34340) HM

New York (Rockland County), Sparkill — Gravesite of General John Charles Frémont1813 – 1890 — Explorer, Pathmarker, Mapper of the Oregon Trail
Atop Rockland Cemetery lies the grave of he whose exploration in the 1840s opened the way west for countless settlers, who issued the first Emancipation Proclamation and who saved the west for the Union in 1861. From the ashes of his campfires . . . — Map (db m8606) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Lure of GoldOregon Trail — Oregon History
Beginning in 1843, thousands of Oregon Trail emigrants trekked through this region toward new lives in the West. This epic journey indelibly etched the landscape with wagon ruts, such as those near by. When Henry Griffin, a prospector from . . . — Map (db m108128) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. John McLoughlin"Father of Oregon"
Born in Riviere du Loup, Canada, October 19, 1784. 1824 Came to the Oregon Country as Chief Factor of the Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. 1829 Located his claim to the present site of Oregon City. 1845 Resigned his position . . . — Map (db m8699) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M15 — Dr. John McLoughlin 1784 - 1857Oregon History
Chief factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Fort Vancouver, philanthropist, and founder of Oregon City. The land on the east bank of the Willamette River at the falls was claimed by Dr. McLoughlin and the Hudson’s Bay Co. in 1828-29. First called . . . — Map (db m8669) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Danner — Jean Baptiste Charbonneau1805-1866 — Oregon History
This site marks the final resting place of the youngest member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, born to Sacajawea and Toussaint Charbonneau at Fort Mandan (North Dakota) on February 11, 1805. Baptiste and his mother symbolized the peaceful nature . . . — Map (db m106876) HM

Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Hot, Cold, Dry, Wet, Dusty, 2,000-Mile Trail
Beginning in Independence, Missouri, the Oregon/California Trail passes through present-day Missouri, Kansas, Wyoming, and Idaho. it ends in Oregon, California or Utah - depending on the destination of the pioneers. While the . . . — Map (db m90876) HM

Oregon (Deschutes County), Terrebonne — Peter Skene Ogden Park
Peter Skene Ogden was born at Quebec in 1794. He explored Central Oregon for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1825 and in December of that year discovered Crooked River not far from this spot. He died at Oregon City in 1854. Land for this park was . . . — Map (db m80487) HM

Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Shoshone and Bannock TribesHistory Travels Through Fort Hall
(Three panels are mounted in a kiosk located near the Fort Hall Indian Reservation Museum) Panel 1: Shoshone and Bannock Tribes Before settlers came to this region, Shoshone and Bannock tribal members moved with . . . — Map (db m108545) HM

Virginia, Richmond — Neighborhoods at Tredegar
[Three] communities grew up around the Tredegar Iron Works: Oregon Hill, Penitentiary Bottom, and Gamble’s Hill. Today little remains of these communities. A part of Oregon hill still survives, but Penitentiary Bottom and Gamble’s Hill are both . . . — Map (db m24413) HM
Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Trails (Part I)The Growing of the West
Long before the railroad, airplane, and automobile; the desire to develop the West brought explores, mountain men, fur trappers and a few brave settlers into Wyoming. Later this would be followed by miners, farmers and ranchers, and hundreds of . . . — Map (db m95197) HM

California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — First Summit
Below this ridge is what some pioneers dubbed the “Devils Ladder.” A name reflecting the steepness and extreme difficulty that pioneers experienced as they began their ascent over the Sierra Nevada. This climb was usually referred to as . . . — Map (db m21284) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Naming of Carson Pass
In February of 1844, John C. Fremont led a group of men over these mountains as they struggled to reach Sutter’s Fort. Little did they know that the pass, which lay 20 to 30 feet under the snow beneath them, would be a major route for the Gold Rush . . . — Map (db m21278) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail
Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail, the heavily-travelled gateway to California gold fields, was blazed in 1848 by discharged members of the Mormon battalion traveling east to join their families. Five hundred Mormon volunteers, recruited in . . . — Map (db m10824) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — 807 — Oregon City
Entering California over the Applegate and Lassen trails, a party of Oregonians, captained by Peter H. Burnett, arrived here in autumn of 1848 to establish the town of Oregon City. Burnett, little more than a year later, became the first civil . . . — Map (db m100600) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — Oregon City Cemetery
In 1864 the Strang family moved to Oregon City. The institution date of the Oregon City Cemetery is unknown, the oldest grave is believed to be August 16, 1878. William H. Strang granted to the inhabitants of Oregon City and vicinity this piece of . . . — Map (db m61706) HM
California (Kern County), Bakersfield — Captain Elisha Stephensand the — Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party of 1844
Elisha Stephens was born in South Carolina in 1804 and moved to Georgia with his family at a young age. However, he was to spend most of the first half of his life in the frontier lands bordering the Missouri River. Like many other Americans of his . . . — Map (db m55187) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Pony Express
The first Pony Express rider to reach San Francisco on the final relay carrying mail from St. Joseph, Missouri to California, arrived in this city Apr. 14, 1860 aboard the River Str. ‘Antelope’. Led by a band and several engine companies, a . . . — Map (db m84866) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — U.S.S. Oregon Marine Corps Memorial
Erected by the crew of the U.S.S. Oregon In memory of their shipmate privates Harry Fisher, Albert Turner, Robert E. Thomas, Charles B. King, U.S. Marine Corps killed in action on the Tartar Wall of Peking, . . . — Map (db m91852) HM WM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Dr. John Towsend
Born in Pennsylvania, died in San Jose Dec. 8, 1850 A leader of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party of 1844 First American M.D. to settle in California Served as physician, alcalde, and councilman in San Francisco before moving to a farm north . . . — Map (db m52212) HM
California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — California PioneersJames Williams - Mary Patterson Williams
James Williams California Pioneer James Williams, age 29 and a native of Cape Girardeau, Missouri, emigrated overland to California in 1843 along with his three brothers – John, age 25; Isaac, age 20; and Squire, age 19 – in a . . . — Map (db m62440) HM
California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — Grave of Grove C. Cook
Grove C. Cook, a native of Kentucky, came to California in 1841 as a member of the Bidwell-Bartleson Party, the first overland emigrant wagon train to set out from the United States to cross the continent to the Pacific Slope. The party was forced . . . — Map (db m62419) HM
California (Shasta County), Anderson — California – Oregon Road
“The pioneers in their journeys marked the roads and trails so that others recognizing them might safely follow” This spot marks the location of the California – Oregon Road Main artery of travel of the pioneers . . . — Map (db m70338) HM
California (Trinity County), Trinity Center — California – Oregon Stage Road1860 – 1887
A pack trail in 1851, Greathouse & Co. muled passengers by 1854. James E. Carr contracted by the California Stage Co., finished the last six miles of road from Trinity River to here, Sept. 14, 1860. The first daily mail and passenger stage, driven . . . — Map (db m56234) HM
California (Trinity County), Trinity Center — California – Oregon Trail / California – Oregon Road
About 60 feet above this marker a line of rocks marks the old Trappers and Emigrants Trail from Trinity River to Scott Valley. This route may have been used as early as 1829 by Hudson’s Bay trappers and others prior to the building of this road in . . . — Map (db m57898) HM
California (Yuba County), Camptonville — Oregon Creek Covered Bridge
Built in 1860, the Oregon Creek Covered Bridge was floated from its foundations by the flood waters from the breaking of English Dam in 1883. It was restored to place by using ox teams and log rollers, but turned end for end in the process. — Map (db m65967) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — Oregon Trail
South of river Old Julesberg Stage and Pony Express Station, 5 mi. S.W. Trail and station marked 1931 — Map (db m79879) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 375 — Oregon Trail
Indians, trappers, and emigrants who came this way before 1900 used a more direct route to get between Boise and Glenns Ferry. Their road still can be seen at Bonneville Point 5 miles from here. Following close to a line of hills bordering a . . . — Map (db m22181) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 151 — The Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail is still clearly visible coming off the rimrock across the river. Here the west bound emigrants after 1840 came gratefully down into this green valley. The first cart passed here with Spalding and Whitman, pioneer missionaries, . . . — Map (db m22639) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill
"... the greatest impediment on the whole route from the United States to Fort Hall." - Theodore Talbot, 1843 Near the Wyoming/Idaho border the pioneers face Big Hill, on of the most challenging obstacles of their journey. The dusty . . . — Map (db m90854) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill...
"the steepest and longest ascent we have made on the route..." - James Wilkins Looking east across the fields is Big Hill, one of the most difficult obstacles along the 2,000-mile Oregon/California Trail. The trail crosses the Thomas . . . — Map (db m90851) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — One Continual Stream
"One continual stream of honest looking open harted people going west" - James Cayman, mountain man, captured this sentiment in his diary as he watched pioneers heading west in 1846. Between 1841 and 1869 nearly 300,000 farmers, . . . — Map (db m90853) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — The McAuley Cutoff
On April 7, 1852, seventeen-year-old Eliza Ann McAuley, with her older brother Thomas and sister Margaret, left Mount Pleasant, Iowa, to travel overland to California. For a time they were accompanied by the "Eddyville Company," led by William Buck . . . — Map (db m90850) HM
Idaho (Elmore County), Glenns Ferry — 198 — Oregon Trail
A perilous ford at Three Island State Park was a formidable Oregon Trail barrier. Those who could not cross here faced a longer, more difficult southern route. No other ford between Missouri and Oregon troubled them so much. This was their largest . . . — Map (db m31677) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — BB ID-4 — Bidwell/Bartleson Trail - Small Brook
First Overland Emigrant Party "Left the river on account of the hills which obstructed our way on it, ... Road uncommonly broken, did not reach the river, distance about 4 miles" -- John Bidwell, Saturday, August 14, 1841 "We traveled about . . . — Map (db m105832) HM
Idaho (Owyhee County), Homedale — Oregon Trail1842-1863

[Title is text] — Map (db m106938) HM

Kansas (Doniphan County), Highland — The Oregon-California Trail
From the early 1840s to 1865 the Oregon-California Trail was the most important route for settlers traveling west. Wagon trains camped at the Iowa, Sac and Fox Mission to take advantage of the spring and the blacksmith. They were followed in the . . . — Map (db m47930) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Kanwaka — Coon PointOregon Trail — 1842
A Camping Ground Lecompton Territorial Capital of Kansas 1855-1861 Three miles north — Map (db m50757) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — California and Oregon Trails Memorial
Beginning in 1849, there plodded up the southern slope of Mount Oread a vast emigration bound for the golden land of California. One branch of the great California and Oregon Trail thus passed over the very ground now part of the university . . . — Map (db m77573) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Elm Grove Campground
For over three decades starting in 1827, Elm Grove Campground, one mile east of near the bridge on Cedar Creek, was an important frontier camp site. Thousands of Santa Fe traders, Oregon and California emigrants, missionaries, mountain men, soldiers . . . — Map (db m20093) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Santa Fe and Oregon Trails
Both the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails crossed here, northeast to southwest, beginning 1821. The trails took separate courses farther west. A route through Kansas Territory was opened north of here in the 1830's after the founding of Westport, Mo. Long . . . — Map (db m20213) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — Santa Fe and Oregon Trails
This cut is part of the old Santa Fe Trail. Many years ago the Missouri River came near this site and thousands of early settlers were ferried here. Their wagons and teams climbed this hill and headed west toward Santa Fe and the Oregon . . . — Map (db m66712) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — The Oregon and Santa Fe Trails
The stone monuments to the west mark the trace of the original road leading up from the river. For many pioneers, traders, settlers and soldiers, this was the beginning of the Oregon and Santa Fe Trails leading to the Far West. The steamboat and . . . — Map (db m66713) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — 26 — Alcove Springs & the Oregon Trail
Six miles northwest is Alcove Springs, named in 1846 by appreciative travelers on the Oregon trail who carved the name on the surrounding rocks and trees. One described the Springs as "a beautiful cascade of water... altogether one of the most . . . — Map (db m79113) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — Oregon Trail Memorial Garden
Dedicated to Gregory M. Franzwa 1926 - 2009 Friend of Alcove Spring Historian-Writer-Publisher Founder of the Oregon-California Trails Association — Map (db m79119) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), St. Marys — Site of the Oregon Trail1830 - 1876
Over 300,000 persons passed along this trail in the years of its use to build an empire beyond our western frontier. — Map (db m34795) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Burial Site of Oregon Trail Traveler

Here lies an early traveler who lost his life in quest of riches in the West. — Map (db m80960) HM

Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Route of the Oregon Trail

Historians have estimated that between 250,000 and 300,000 emigrants used the Oregon Trail between 1840 and 1869. At least 30,000 emigrants died along the Oregon Trail, leaving an average of 15 graves for every mile of the trail. Disease, . . . — Map (db m80946) HM

Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — 20 — The California - Oregon Trail

From the 1830's to the 1870's, the 2,000-mile road connecting Missouri river towns with California and Oregon was America's greatest transcontinental highway. Several routes led west from the river, converging into one trail by the time the . . . — Map (db m80927) HM

Kentucky (Mercer County), Salvisa — 1751 — Warwick/Oregon / Warwick
Warwick/Oregon Warwick flourished for some 50 years and was succeeded by Oregon. Both were early shipping ports. Flatboats, during Warwick era, and later steamboats, at Oregon, ran regularly between here and New Orleans. This point was at head . . . — Map (db m105463) HM
Missouri (Buchanan County), Saint Joseph — The California - Oregon Trail1840s & 1850s
Each spring thousands of emigrants camped in these hills and meadows waiting for new grass to support their teams along the trail. Wagons lined St. Joseph streets to the east waiting for two to three days to be ferried from this point. The settlers . . . — Map (db m47467) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Independence — Here the Oregon Trail Began
This monument honors the pioneer spirit of those courageous men and women who by their heroic trek across the continent established homes and civilization in the Far Northwest — Map (db m34753) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Old Oregon Trail
. . . — Map (db m58815) HM
Nebraska (Gage County), Beatrice — The De Roin & Oregon Trails
Byway 136 was designated the Heritage Highway in part because of the many historic trails that are now part of it. You are standing on the historic De Roin Trail. The De Roin Trail began at the Missouri River port town of Brownville on the eastern . . . — Map (db m47623) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Windlass Hill entrance to Ash Hollow — Map (db m86674) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Trail 30 feet east — Map (db m86675) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — The Oregon Trail
      Travelers reached this point over the trail you see stretching out across the prairie to the southeast. They left the last real settlement at Westport Landing or at Independence, some 600 miles from here. Most of them took about 40 days to . . . — Map (db m87332) HM
Nebraska (Keith County), Brule — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Old California River Crossing South 14 Degrees East — Map (db m51230) HM
Nebraska (Morrill County), Bayard — The Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Chimney Rock S 56º 56’ W. 9041 Ft. — Map (db m86714) HM
Nebraska (Morrill County), Bridgeport — 79 — Mormon Pioneer Camp
Brigham Young and his company of Mormon Pioneers camped about 1,000 feet west of this point May 24, 1847. They were enroute from Nauvoo, Illinois and Winter Quarters, Nebraska to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake, which they reached July 24, 1847. . . . — Map (db m79387) HM
Nebraska (Morrill County), Bridgeport — Oregon Trail
Oregon Trail Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 — Map (db m79390) HM
Nebraska (Morrill County), Lisco — 296 — Narcissa Whitman
Narcissa Whitman, trail-blazer and martyred missionary, is one of the great heroines of the frontier West. In 1836 she and Eliza Spalding, following the north side of the Platte on horseback, became the first white women to cross the American . . . — Map (db m39706) HM
Nebraska (Platte County), Columbus — North Branch, Oregon Trail
Gratefully dedicated to early pioneers — Map (db m53149) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Oregon TrailEmigrants reached Scotts Bluff after a long journey across the plains
Scotts Bluff, the dramatic series of clay and sandstone highlands surrounding you, is known chiefly as a landmark on the old Oregon Trail. Emigrants heading west encountered the bluffs after a six to eight-week trek across the monotonously flat . . . — Map (db m87242) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Oregon Trail Memorial
Honoring these and all the thousands who lie in nameless graves along the trail. Faith and courage such as theirs made America. May ours preserve it. — Map (db m78704) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Robidoux Pass
Robidoux Pass was named for Joseph Robidoux III of St. Joseph, Missouri, who established a trading post and blacksmith shop here in 1849, just in time to witness the beginning of the great California gold rush.

This pass is an integral part of . . . — Map (db m99133) HM

Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Robidoux Trading Post
In 1849 Joseph Rogidoux III of St. Joseph, Missouri, licensed in the Indian trade, ordered removal of his outfit from the vicinity of Fort Laramie to this strategic pass over Scotts Bluff, where there was ample wood and water. Evidence from several . . . — Map (db m99134) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Robidoux Trading Post
There is no enduring memory of the history that happened here. There was no one left behind to remember it.

From faded pages of tattered diaries or survivors several generations removed, we assign the early dwellers here to their proper place . . . — Map (db m99184) HM

Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Scotts BluffThe Oregon Trail passed through here in the 1850’s
You are standing on the northern section of Scotts Bluff, looking across to the southern section. On the horizon the Wildcat Hills stretch far to the east (left). Below, the route of the Oregon Trail cuts through Mitchell Pass. A few traces of the . . . — Map (db m87303) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Scotts BluffFamous landmark on the Oregon Trail 1840-1860
The sight of Scotts Bluff thrilled emigrants journeying west on the Oregon Trail. After weeks of plodding across the wild and expansive plains, they were confronted by this massive promontory rising some 800 feet above the valley floor. The clay . . . — Map (db m87241) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — The River RouteThe Oregon and Mormon Trails paralleled the North Platte River
In the 1840’s and 50’s, thousands of pioneers followed the shallow Platte and North Platte Rivers across the plains on their way to Oregon and California. Covered wagons passed Scotts Bluff on both sides of the river. Emigrants could not lead . . . — Map (db m87308) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Traces of the TrailThe Oregon Trail passed here in the 1850’s
Out on the prairie, wagons following the Oregon Trail spread out to avoid the dust stirred up by wagons in front. But here at Mitchell Pass the emigrants encountered a difficult bottleneck where wagons had to squeeze through narrow ravines in . . . — Map (db m87286) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Lyman — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Nebraska-Wyoming Monument N. 57º 40' W. 2086 ft — Map (db m98346) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Scottsbluff — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Nebraska 1912 Trail passed 37 feet north of this Point. Mitchell Pass — Map (db m86670) HM
Nebraska (York County), York — Nebraska City Cut-Off of the Oregon Trail

This boulder marks the Nebraska City Cut-Off of the Oregon Trail — Map (db m79844) HM

New York (Tompkins County), Ithaca — The Oregon Mission

Sent out by First Presbyterian Church of Ithaca in 1834 in response to search of Nez Perce Indians for White Man's Book from Heaven was under leadership of Rev. Samuel Parker. With him went Samuel Allis of Ithaca and Rev. John Dunbar of Auburn . . . — Map (db m104639) HM

Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — BakerHistoric Oregon Trail
In October 1861, a group of prospectors in search of the mythical Blue Bucket Mine, made camp on a creek six miles southwest of here. That evening, Henry Griffin discovered gold in the gulch which bears his name. That started a stampede which . . . — Map (db m108152) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — J.C. Penney BuildingHistoric Oregon Trail — Established 1874
The lot which this building occupies was first the location of a wood frame structure housing the McCord Brothers blacksmith shop. In 1867, Dr. J.M. Boyd and John W. Wisdom leased the structure to open Baker City’s first drug store. Wisdom continued . . . — Map (db m108041) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Old Oregon Trail1843
Dedicated to the memory of the intrepid pioneers who blazed the way over the Old Oregon Trail with the first covered wagons in 1843 and won an empire for the United States. Erected by the American Legion July 4, 1925 — Map (db m108048) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Old Post OfficeHistoric Oregon Trail — Established 1874
The Old Post Office building served as Baker City’s post office for 58 years, from completion of construction in 1910 until 1968, when the Post Office relocated to a new Federal Building a block to the south. The building also housed offices of the . . . — Map (db m108042) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Oregon Trail Memorial1843 - 1943
Map (db m108127) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Ruts of the Oregon Trail
Of the 2170 miles of the Oregon Trail, approximately 300 miles of ruts remain. Swales created by thousands of wagon wheels and the trampling of draft animals are deep in some areas, shallow in other places. Much of the trail has disappeared due to . . . — Map (db m108130) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Lone Tree of the Oregon Trail
Early Oregon Trail emigrants crested the south flank of Flagstaff Hill and, with the Blue Mountains looming to the west, saw a solitary tree in the valley below. Called l’arbre seul (the lone tree) by French-Canadian fur trappers, this large . . . — Map (db m108122) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Oregon TrailRoute of Wagon Trains — from 1843 to the 1860's
Wagons and cattle of the Great Migration, led by Marcus Whitman in 1843, descended Sept. 25 into Lone Pine valley. After nearly a month of travel over the hot dry Snake river plains from Fort Hall near Pocatello, Idaho, the cool climate and lush . . . — Map (db m108157) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Durkee — DurkeeHistoric Oregon Trail
This spot was famous in early days as Express Ranch an important relay station on the Umatilla-Boise Basin stage and freight route. It was also a favorite camping place for emigrants and teamsters. — Map (db m108121) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Farewell BendHistoric Oregon Trail
The last camp on the weary journey across the Snake River plains. Here the Oregon Trail left the Snake River and wound overland to the Columbia. Here camped Wilson Price Hunt, December 23, 1811; Capt. Bonneville, January 10, 1834; Nathaniel J. . . . — Map (db m107217) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Farewell Bend Oregon Trail Kiosk
(The Farewell Bend Oregon Trail kiosk houses seven panels which deal with the trials and tribulations on this arid portion of the Oregon Trail.) "Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled the air May 22, . . . — Map (db m107276) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Remnants of the Oregon Trail
From Alkali Springs, called by many pioneers Sulphur Springs, the emigrants traveled on to Birch Creek, which offered much needed water and grass for their livestock. First named "Riviere aux Bouleaux" by French-Canadian fur trappers, here travelers . . . — Map (db m107212) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Massacre
In October 1860 the Van Ornum Party, survivors of the Utter Disaster, reached Farewell Bend. Here they again encountered Indians. On September 9 & 10, in Idaho, the Elijah P. Utter wagon train suffered a two-day attack by Indians in which 11 . . . — Map (db m107219) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Wagon Train Massacre
By October 1860 the Van Ornum party reached Farewell Bend. They were survivors of the Elijah P. Utter wagon train that was attacked by Indians on September 9 and 10, just west of Castle Butte in Owyhee County, Idaho. The survivors had escaped the . . . — Map (db m107292) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Wagon Train Massacre
By October 1860 the Van Ornum party reached Farewell Bend. They were survivors of the Elijah P. Utter wagon train that was attacked by Indians on September 9 and 10, just west of Castle Butte in Owyhee County, Idaho. The survivors had escaped the . . . — Map (db m107220) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — A Golden HistorySumpter Valley Dredge
Welcome to the historic world of Sumpter Valley Dredge State Heritage Area! Here you will find one of the largest gold dredges in the United States. There are many ways to learn about the dredge and the people who worked it, from tours to . . . — Map (db m106794) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — A Working DredgeThe Ultimate Gold Mining Machine
The dredge is a huge but simple machine for mining an ancient river bed for gold. It is an expensive, powerful improvement on the shovel and rocker box. Miners used to call the dredge a "goose"---and for good reason. The dredge is "fed" at the . . . — Map (db m106890) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — Floating in its own pondMoving the dredge
The dredge floated in about nine feet of water- but it could move anywhere it wanted in the valley because it took its pond with it. Hard to imagine, isn't it? It worked because the dredge dug a pond for itself to float in as it moved -- . . . — Map (db m106871) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Weatherby — Weatherby Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Six panels dealing with the Burnt River portion of the Oregon Trail are found beneath this kiosk) Dear Little Willie Emigration on the Oregon Trail peaked in 1852 with 10,000 would-be Oregonians. Poor sanitation and . . . — Map (db m108110) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Ecology of the Agricultural Reach
The Reach The Agricultural Reach of Oak Creek drains the croplands and research farm facilities of OSU. The Department of Animal Science manages these agricultural lands. Pastures are used for seasonal grazing and production of hay and . . . — Map (db m108388) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Oak Creek’s Watershed
A Watershed A watershed is an area of land from which water drains and flows into a river and its tributaries. Small watersheds, such as Oak Creek’s, become part of larger watersheds when their streams converge. Thus, Oak Creek‘s . . . — Map (db m108389) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Oregon State UniversityNational Historic District
On October 27, 1868, the small institution of higher education known as Corvallis College was granted a charter by Oregon's legislative assembly designating it as the state's land grant institution under the provisions of the federal 1862 Morrill . . . — Map (db m108382) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Sustainable Farm Management
Agricultural Users This portion of the Oak Creek watershed is managed as a working agricultural laboratory. Agricultural users include the OSU Dairy Center, beef and sheep production barns, and the Veterinary Medicine Research Farm . . . — Map (db m108387) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — McCald BuildingCirca 1925
On this site was an early firehall. Current structure was built as City Hall housing city offices, Police Dept., and the jail, all of which remained until the mid 40s. Oregon City Beauty School occupied main floor and basement for 22 years. Jail . . . — Map (db m8747) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — OK Barber Shop
Built by Ed Johnson as a full service barber shop with 4 chairs and bathing facilities. Basement still has massive brick boiler for hot water originally fired by sawdust from local mill. Converted to restaurant in 1986. — Map (db m8746) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M12 — Oregon City FallsOregon History
Oregon City - once known as Willamette Falls - was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842. A flour mill in 1844. A woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper . . . — Map (db m8713) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Peter Skene Ogden House
400 feet south of this marker stood the home of Peter Skene Ogden Chief Factor of Hudson's Bay Co. and rescuer of the survivors of the Whitman Massacre. — Map (db m8714) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M16 — George AbernethyOregon History
From 1845 to 1849, George Abernethy was the first Provisional Governor of the Oregon Country, which extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains and from California to Northern British Columbia. After arriving in Oregon in 1840 as part of . . . — Map (db m8670) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M14 — Willamette FallsOregon History
Was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842, a flour mill in 1844, a woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper mill in the Pacific Northwest in 1867. The first . . . — Map (db m8668) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M13 — Willamette Falls LocksOregon History
Still in use below this point-were opened on New Years Day, 1873, when the steamer Maria Wilkins became the first vessel to navigate up the west end of Willamette Falls. Farming and shipping interests had long sought to eliminate expensive portages . . . — Map (db m8667) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Deer Island — M1 — Deer IslandOregon History
Deer Island in the Columbia was named by the Lewis and Clark Expedition which stopped to dine here November 5, 1805 on its way down river. Homeward bound the explorers camped on the island on March 28,1806. Captain Clark recorded "This morning we . . . — Map (db m7981) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — "The Westward Movement"Pilot Butte Park
Pilot Butte was a beacon for travelers. On a day sometime in the year 1813, and Indian lookout, from one of several tribes summering in this vicinity, might have “hiked the butte” and from here observed an exploration party . . . — Map (db m63090) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — Oregon's Fabled "High Desert"Pilot Butte Park
This complex ecosystem nurtures a variety of plants and animals. Vast, sage-covered plains begin at the eastern foot of the Pilot Butte and stretch dramatically to the east and south. This is Oregon’s fabled “High Desert”. The . . . — Map (db m63094) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — The City of BendPilot Butte Park
In the beginning...there were old growth trees. The small community, first called Farewell Bend from the nearby big bend in the Deschutes River, could have been called “Pilot Butte” if the 1901 recommendation of Postmaster William . . . — Map (db m63089) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Oakland — The Cow CreeksA Tale of Strong Recovery
The story of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians is a tale of perseverance and strong recovery in the face of great loss. Epidemics and hostilities with miners let to large population declines. The tribe entered into a treaty with the . . . — Map (db m99222) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Roseburg — The Mill-Pine Historic Neighborhood District
Placed on the National Register of Historic Places 1985 The Mill-Pine neighborhood grew out of a need for housing close to the railroad. The Oregon-California railroad line was completed from Portland to Roseburg in 1872 and on to Ashland in . . . — Map (db m99323) HM
Oregon (Gilliam County), Arlington — This Marks the Crossing of the Old Oregon TrailUsed by Pioneers and Settlers of the Oregon Territory — This Marker in Honor of W.W. Weatherford 1844 - 1926
Who followed this route across the plains at the age of 17 driving oxen and walking barefoot. He later settled on Shuttler Flat five miles south of this marker and was the first to engage in wheat farming in Gilliam County — Map (db m101983) HM
Oregon (Grant County), Canyon City — Welcome To Canyon CityGold Discovered Here In 1862
In June 1862, a company of miners from northern California were heading east over the Strawberry Mountain Range, when one of the men discovered gold on Whiskey Flat, half a mile south of here. Miners from all over the area flocked into the area, and . . . — Map (db m96722) HM
Oregon (Grant County), Granite — Granite, Oregon / Leaving Granite
Side A: Granite, Oregon Albert G. Tabor first struck gold just below the town of Granite on the Fourth of July, 1862. Tabor named his claim the Independence since his strike was made on Independence Day, and the town that sprang up . . . — Map (db m106791) HM
Oregon (Grant County), John Day — Welcome to Kam Wah Chung
Wlcome to Kam Wah Chung In 1890 you would be standing in the middle of a bustling Chinatown.Businesses and homes all around you, the temple in front, and Kam Wah Chung- the core of the community- would be to your left. Why is it the only . . . — Map (db m107442) HM
Oregon (Harney County), Burns — Fort HarneyOregon History
Fort Harney, on the former Malheur Indian Reservation, was named for Gen. Wm. S. Harney, who took command of the Military Department of Oregon, Sept. 13, 1858. The fort was established Aug. 10, 1867, and became a permanent Military Post. By order of . . . — Map (db m63026) HM
Oregon (Harney County), Burns — The Terrible TrailOregon History
Weary Oregon Trail emigrants, eager to ease travel or gain mileage, often attempted cutoffs and shortcuts. While many of these alternate routes proved successful, others did not--they became roads to ruin for some and the end of the trail for . . . — Map (db m63032) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Gold Hill — City of Gold Hill
Gold discovered on hill across Rogue River in 1860. Land for Gold Hill donated by Thomas & Rose Chavner in 1884. Railroad built in 1887. Town Inc. Feb. 12, 1895. First school in Methodist Church in 1889. Electricity came from Gold Rey Dam in 1904. . . . — Map (db m99286) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Gold Hill — Rock Point, Oregon
The town of Rock Point, Oregon was est. 1852 by JB White   Pop. 200. Stage coach stop. Post office. Store   Blacksmithshop. — Map (db m99265) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — City Hall
The City Hall was built 1880-81 at a cost of $2500.00, which included the price of the land. A meeting hall for the town's Board of Trustees, and office area for the town recorder, two jail cells, and accommodations for fire fighting equipment were . . . — Map (db m91781) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — Methodist Episcopal ChurchJacksonville, Oregon
Dedicated the first Sunday in January, 1855 First church built in Rogue River Valley Tablet placed by Crater Lake Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1932 — Map (db m91766) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Pinehurst — Historic Applegate TrailTub Springs
In July 1846 Jesse Applegate, Levi Scott and thirteen others known as "The South Road Party" located this pioneer trail. It was used by the emigrants traveling from Fort Hall on the Oregon Trail to the Rogue River and Willamette Valleys between . . . — Map (db m88005) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — A Bridge for the New Millenium
Throughout the 20th century, traffic increased dramatically on US Highway 97 - from a few vihicles per day in the 1920's to over 8,000 by the 1990's! After 70 years, the Crooked River (High) Bridge (1926) though still structurally sound was unable . . . — Map (db m80488) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — Peter Skene OgdenOregon History
This park is named for Peter Skene Ogden, 1793-1854. In the fall of 1825, Ogden led a Hudston's Bay Company trapping party on the first recorded journey into central Oregon, crossing the country to the north and east into the Crooked River Valley . . . — Map (db m67889) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — The Oregon Trunk Railroad Bridge
The Oregon Trunk Railway Bridge, constructed in 1911, was the first structure to cross this spectacular gorge. Prior to construction the only crossing of the Crooked River in this region was located about a mile upstream, where the canyon's sheer . . . — Map (db m80490) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Warm Springs — Indian TrailsOregon History
An ancient trail passed through here as part of an extensive Indian trade network linking peoples of the Northern Great Basin and Columbia Plateau to those living west of the Cascades. Obsidian, bear grass, and slaves were transported over these . . . — Map (db m36498) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Cave Junction — Oregon Caves National Monument
Upper plaque: National Monument Set aside by President Taft July 12, 1909 Lower plaque: Department of the Interior National Park Service Regulations require that all persons entering . . . — Map (db m63167) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Selma — Fort Hay
This fortified ranch was a donation land claim filed by Wm. B. Hay in 1854. It was attacked by 200 Takelma Indians on March 23, 1856. A battle including hand-to-hand combat raged into the night. The hostiles withdrew in the morning and . . . — Map (db m91942) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Wolf Creek — The Applegate TrailSouthern Route to Oregon
In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Williamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous “last leg” of the Oregon . . . — Map (db m63155) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Wolf Creek — Wolf Creek TavernWolf Creek Inn
Wolf Creek Tavern was built c. 1883 by Henry Smith, a highly successful and influential local entrepreneur. The establishment of the hotel, mercantile and post office occurred at the time the Oregon and California Railroad was being completed in . . . — Map (db m47204) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Oregon History - Upper Klamath Lake
This is Oregon's largest body of water, about 90,000 acres. Indians inhabiting its shores ("People of the Lake") lived well on wild fowl, fish and wocus seeds. The first known white visitors (1825-26) were Hudson's Bay trappers under Tom McKay and . . . — Map (db m100204) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Pioneer Furtrader
Martin R. Frain born December 17, 1832 in New York, came west in 1850, arrived in Oregon Territory April 30, 1857 crossed Link river and camped under a ledge nearby. Established the first Trading Post at the present area of Payne Alley and Main . . . — Map (db m100207) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — Resolving the Oregon Question
Four years after the end of the War of 1812, Great Britain and the United States agreed their citizens could trade in Oregon country without prejudice to either nation's claim. Both countries strived for that extra influence which could blossom into . . . — Map (db m87953) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Pleasant Hill — Bristow MonumentOregon History
Elijah Bristow, a veteran of Andrew Jackson's army, erected his cabin here on Pleasant Hill in 1846, earliest year of settlement in Lane County. He and his wife Susannah then led in establishing the county's first church and first school. This . . . — Map (db m99218) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Otter Rock — Oregon’s Rocky ShoresDevil’s Punch Bowl/Otter Rock
Below you is the spectacular Devil’s Punch Bowl which was formed when the roof over two sea caves collapsed. You can watch the ocean waves crash through openings in the sandstone, continually sculpting this unusual formation. At high tide, the . . . — Map (db m92643) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Adrian — The South Alternate Route of the Oregon Trail
During the late 19th century thousands of Americans left farms, families and friends to trek the Oregon Trail toward new lives in the West. The trail was nearly 2,000 miles across prairies, mountains and parched deserts. Contrary to popular belief, . . . — Map (db m106941) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Juntura — Peter Skene OgdenOregon History
Peter Skene Ogden, leading a party of Hudson’s Bay Company trappers, camped near here on October 10, 1828. On this Ogden’s fifth and final expedition into the "Snake Country," he started on September 22, from Fort Nez Perce (Walla Walla). From here, . . . — Map (db m63024) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Nyse — Starvation Camp
About 18 September 1860, 26 survivors of the Utter disaster arrived south of here. Only 10 remained when an army relief expedition arrived 5 weeks later. On September 9 & 10, in Idaho, the Elijah P. Utter wagon train suffered a two-day . . . — Map (db m106943) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Nyssa — Old Oregon Trail1843 - 57
Map (db m106945) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Ontario — Malheur Butte
Between 20 and 15 million years ago, the region from north-central Washington to northeastern California experienced a series of volcanic eruptions and basalt lava floods that covered thousands of square miles. These ancient lava floods often dammed . . . — Map (db m107207) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Ontario — Malheur County's Oregon Trail Heritage
Overland emigration between 1840 and 1863 brought over 50,000 pioneers to Oregon. Seven miles west of Malheur Butte, weary Oregon Trail emigrants camped at the Malheur River crossing, taking advantage of local hot springs and the first good water . . . — Map (db m107208) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — Cutoff FeverOregon History
Eager to save time on the Oregon Trail, emigrants often attempted shortcuts. Between 1845 and 1854, three wagon trains left this campsite seeking a cutoff to the Willamette Valley. The Meek Cutoff of 1845 Frontiersman Stephen . . . — Map (db m107076) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — John D. Henderson
John D. Henderson was the third child of twelve born to Perman D. and Sarah (Trapp) Henderson, both originally of Tennessee. John was born December 30, 1828, in what is now part of downtown Kansas City, then farmland, where his parents had settled . . . — Map (db m107039) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — Vale Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Inside this kiosk are seven panels which deal with the Malheur River and Meek's Cutoff. "Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled the air May 22, 1843 as nearly one thousand Americans left Missouri . . . — Map (db m107077) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Marshall N. Dana1885-1966 — Conservationist — Journalist — Civic Worker
A tireless leader in Columbia River development, park enhancement, preservation of scenic beauty, establishment of Vista House, re-creation of the Lewis and Clark Trail, and countless other good works, he left his mark on the Oregon Country, and we . . . — Map (db m91293) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — Dekum Building
German immigrant Frank Dekum amassed a fortune during Portland’s explosive early history with his confectionery business. The massive Dekum Building, completed in 1892 at a cost exceeding $300,000, used exclusively Oregon materials in its . . . — Map (db m1155) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — The Willamette Stone
This short trail leads to the Willamette Stone, the surveyor's monument that is the point of origin for all public land surveys in Oregon and Washington. The landmark was established on June 4, 1851 by John B. Preston, Oregon's first Surveyor . . . — Map (db m38400) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — Vanport
Within a year of the US entering World War II, more than 160,000 people moved to Portland — a city of only 360,000 — to work in Home Front industries. Industrialist Henry Kaiser's three shipyards employed the most workers. To house his . . . — Map (db m38410) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Willamette National Cemetery — Oregon Korean War Veterans Memorial
June 25, 1950      Korea      July 27, 1953 Dedicated to the memory of these men and women from Oregon so their sacrifice will never be forgotten Oh, could our fallen brothers               know the honor they helped bring to God, . . . — Map (db m11979) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Willamette National Cemetery — Willamette National Cemetery Carillon Bells
[Main/Bottom Marker]: These Carillon Bells in honor and loving memory of all Veterans were donated by the Oregon State Federation of Garden Clubs, Inc. [Top Marker]: June          [The Oregon Federation of . . . — Map (db m11973) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Pilot Rock — Battle MountainOregon History
The decisive engagement of the Bannock War was fought on the foothills of Battle Mountain, July 8, 1878. The war - a protest against white encroachment, and the last major uprising in the Pacific Northwest-was started by Bannock Indians, but Egan, a . . . — Map (db m96868) WM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Ukiah — Battle MountainOregon History
The decisive engagement of the Bannock War was fought on the foothills of Battle Mountain, July 8, 1878. The war - a protest against white encroachment, and the last major uprising in the Pacific Northwest - was started by Bannock Indians, but Egan, . . . — Map (db m108178) HM WM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Enterprise — Nez PerceOregon History
Wallowa Valley, summer homeland of the Joseph Band Nez Perce, was part of the expansive Nez Perce Reservation established by the treaty of 1855. Upon discovery of gold in the region, the U.S. eliminated the reservation in the Wallowas in 1863. The . . . — Map (db m71746) HM
Oregon (Yamhill County), McMinnville — Glacial ErraticsOregon Geology
The 90-ton glacial erratic rock at the top of this 1/4-mile-long trail is a stranger from a distant location—it was transported here thousands of years ago on an iceberg in the wake of a cataclysmic flood. During the last Ice Age, . . . — Map (db m68913)
Utah (Box Elder County), Collingston — HSLC UT-8 — Hensley/Salt Lake Cutoff - Hampton Ford
"...we came to Bear River Crossing, ... There has been a ferry established here all summer until the later week, when the waters have become so much fallen that it renders it useless The river is now about 150 ft. wide, an average depth of 2 1/2 . . . — Map (db m105495) HM
Utah (Box Elder County), Corinne — BBU-7 — Bidwell/Bartleson Trail - Monument PointFirst Overland Emigrant Party
"We now skirted the north end of the lake, sometimes traveling in a valley and again along the shore of the lake where the mountains jutted down nearly to its shores." -- Nicholas "Cheyenne" Dawson, narrative, August 26, 1841 — Map (db m105300) HM
Utah (Rich County), Garden City — The First Oregon Trail
The first covered wagons came into the Rocky Mts. in 1830, they made their way as far west as Fort Washakie in Wyoming. Efforts were made to find passable wagon trails through the Mountains to the Pacific Coast, which goal was finally reached. At . . . — Map (db m99320) HM
Utah (Salt Lake County), Salt Lake City — 58 — Salt Lake City High SchoolOregon Shortline Railroad1897-1898, Carl M. Neuhausen
The Oregon Shortline Railroad Company built the lower, eastern section of this building to house its offices in 1897. Shortly therafter, the Salt Lake City School Board contracted with the railroad to build the small annex and larger, more elaborate . . . — Map (db m35714) HM
Utah (Tooele County), Wendover — HU-21 — Hastings Cutoff - Barren Mountains
"The roads were gravelly round the end of some high rocks. Barren mountains (Silver Island)." -- Robert Chalmers, July 27, 1850 — Map (db m105241) HM
Virginia (James City County), Jamestown — OregonQuadricentennial Plaza — Jamestown Settlement
Capital-Salem

After England claimed the region, fur trading posts were established in the 1790s. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the region in 1805, and John Jacob Astor founded his fur trading post in 1811. The first American . . . — Map (db m97453) HM

Virginia, Richmond — SA-112 — Oregon Hill
The Henrico County town of Sydney, laid out here in 1817, was slow to develop. Oregon Hill, a working-class Richmond neighborhood just east of Belvidere Street, expanded westward across the county line to this area during the 1850s. Many white . . . — Map (db m108168) HM
Washington (Clark County), Vancouver — U. S. Grant Memorial1853
General U.S. Grant when a young officer was stationed at Columbia Barracks, Vancouver, Washington. One mile east from here he planted potatoes to reduce the expense of his officer’s mess. — Map (db m8424) HM
Washington (Pierce County), Puyallup — Old Oregon Trail
Front of Marker: Monument Expedition Camp One 29 Jan 1906 Left Side of Marker: This stone is donated by Gregory L. Meeker Cousin to Ezra In honor of Bobby and Helen Meeker who taught their son the love of . . . — Map (db m39786) HM
Washington (Skamania County), Skamania — Beacon RockLewis and Clark - The Biddle Family
Beacon Rock was first described and named by Captains Lewis and Clark October 31, 1805, enroute to the Pacific Ocean. Henry J. Biddle purchased Beacon Rock in 1915 to preserve it for posterity and completed the trail in 1918. His son Spencer . . . — Map (db m58810) HM
Washington (Thurston County), Olympia — Marking the End of the Oregon Trail 1844
(Marker title is inscription.)Map (db m88854) HM
Washington (Walla Walla County), College Place — Old Oregon Trail Memorial
Dedicated to the travelers on Old Oregon Trail 1832-1843 when it passed thru Walla Walla Valley. Robert Newell and Joe Meek brought wagons to Fort Walla Walla in 1840. White, Lovejoy & Hastings led the first emigrants in 1842. Whitman, Applegate . . . — Map (db m108408) HM
Wisconsin (Dane County), Oregon — Lake Harriet School1849-1940
Named for Harriett Hayes, daughter of early immigrants from New England. John Muir, the naturalist and explorer, taught here in 1861-62. — Map (db m47106) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Junction of the Oregon Trail
This Monument marks the junction of the Oregon Trail and road to Old Ft. Fetterman nine miles north of this spot. Established July 10, 1867. Abandoned May 25, 1882. — Map (db m92111) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Natural Bridge and the Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail crosses LaPrele Creek about one mile downstream from Natural Bridge. Before the modern road was built into the gorge, Natural Bridge was difficult to access, and it was only rarely visited by emigrants of the covered wagon era. From . . . — Map (db m71495) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1913 — Map (db m92112) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1913 — Map (db m92099) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — The Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail 1841 four miles south Ft. Fetterman 1867 seven miles north Highway crosses Fetterman Trail route here. — Map (db m92110) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Glenrock — Ada Magill
Caleb and Nancy Magill with their six children were part of a wagon train traveling fro Brown County, Kansas, to Dallas, Oregon, in 1864. After leaving Fort Laramie their three-year-old daughter Ada was taken sick with dysentery. At Deer Creek . . . — Map (db m92079) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Glenrock — Alah H. Unthank
Nineteen-year-old Alvah Unthank was one of a group of young men who left Newport, Wayne County, Indiana, for the goldfields of California in 1850. On June 23 the wagon train passed Register Cliff, south of Guernsey. There Alvah inscribed his name: . . . — Map (db m92083) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Narcissa Prentiss WhitmanEliza. Hart Spalding
Narcissa Prentiss Whitman. Eliza. Hart Spalding. First white women to cross this Pass July 4, 1836 — Map (db m80500) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Old Oregon Trail
Old Oregon Trail 1843-57 — Map (db m80503) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Oregon Buttes
To the south stand the Oregon Buttes, a major trail landmark. The name is significant because the Buttes were roughly the beginning of the Oregon Territory and also helped keep emigrants encouraged, even though there were still hundreds of miles of . . . — Map (db m80499) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — The Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail In memory of those who passed this way to win and hold the West Plaque placed by the Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming 1950 — Map (db m80504) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), South Pass City — Lander Cut-Off on the Oregon Trail
In 1858, this ancient path, which had been used by Indians, explorers and mountain men as a short cut to the Snake River country was developed by Frederick Lander in to an alternate route on the Oregon Trail. What is commonly called the Lander Trail . . . — Map (db m80161) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Sweetwater Station — Oregon Trail1841
Continental Divide at South Pass 35 miles West — Map (db m95775) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Mary Elizabeth Homsley
Mary Elizabeth Homsley was born near Lexington, Kentucky, July 20, 1824. She move with her parents, Jacob and Sarah Oden, to Truxton, Missouri, where she was married to Benjamin Franklin Homsley in 1841. In April 1852, accompanied by Mary's parents . . . — Map (db m98361) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1914 — Map (db m98359) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — Oregon Trail
Oregon Trail Marked by the State of Wyoming 1914 — Map (db m79741) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — Oregon Trail
To all the pioneers who passed this way to win and hold the West — Map (db m98344) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1914 — Map (db m98345) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — The Oregon Trail
Entered Wyoming at this point 1841 Main trail 3 miles South — Map (db m79699) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Cokeville — Old Oregon Trail
used from 1812 to 1912 Monument erected by Ezra Meeker — Map (db m90452) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Cokeville — Oregon Trail 1847
In 1847, The Oregon Trail passed by this point where Highway 30 now crosses the Idaho-Wyoming Statelines. Here lies the northern most bend of Bear River in Wyoming before it crosses into Idaho. Skirting wet lands to the north and the south, ruts . . . — Map (db m90483) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Kemmerer — Oregon Trail Memorial
To All Pioneers Who Passed This Way To Win and Hold The West Erected By Popular Subscription Citizens of Kemmerer 1931 — Map (db m36650) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Smoot — Lander Cut-off of the Oregon Trail
Dedicated to all Pioneers who passed this way to win and hold the West. — Map (db m90499) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Smoot — Lander Cut-off of the Oregon TrailStock Trail
Beginning in 1843, emigrants traveled across the continent along what became known as the Oregon Trail. Increased traffic during the 1850's resulted in the first government road construction project in the west. The 345 mile Central Division of the . . . — Map (db m90521) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Frederick Richard Fulkerson
The grave of F.R. Fulkerson was noted by forty-niner J.G. Bruff on July 26, 1849, as he traveled through what he termed "Pass of the Rattle-Snake Mountain to the left of Devil's Gate." The survival of the large granite boulder used as the Fulkerson . . . — Map (db m66997) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Oregon Trail
Marked by State of Wyoming 1914 — Map (db m95549) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — The Oregon Trail1841
Devil's Gate One-fourth Mile East. Split Rock 20 miles Northwest. — Map (db m95481) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — The Ox-Team Monument Expedition
In 1852 an estimated 50,000 pioneers passed Independence Rock on their way west. Among this number was the family of 21-year-old Ezra Meeker, recently of Eddyville, Iowa, but natives of Indiana. Meeker, his wife Eliza, and their infant son, arrived . . . — Map (db m95546) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Tom Sun Ranch
To the Pioneers 1830 - 1870 Buried here on the Tom Sun Ranch Ezra Meeker Often visited this spot — Map (db m95480) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — The Oregon Trail1841
Oregon Trail approximately four miles north, on bend of North Platte visible to the north. Robert Stuart in 1812 erected the first white man's cabin in Wyoming. — Map (db m92014) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — Willow SpringsWillow Springs Pony Express Station
After the last crossing of the North Platte River in the present Casper area, twenty to twenty-five miles east of here, wagons followed the Oregon-California Trail entered a dry, dreary alkali area where fresh water was scarce. Willow Springs was . . . — Map (db m95592) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Casper — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1914 — Map (db m91661) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Casper — Oregon/California/Mormon Trails
From 1840 to 1869, over 350,000 emigrants traveled past this area on the Oregon/California /Mormon Trails. The promise of free land, sudden riches, or religious freedom caused these pioneers to endure great hardships. Thousands of persons died in . . . — Map (db m91723) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Casper — Oregon-California TrailC.H. King and Company
Two plaques and a medallion are located at this site: Oregon- California Trail During the years 1841-1867 over 350,000 persons passed through Casper on their way West. The majority of them traveled through what is now the lobby . . . — Map (db m92022) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Evansville — Richard's BridgeThe Bridge of the Emigration
Canyons and the southward curve of the North Platte west of here forced emigrant wagon trains to cross to the north side of the river somewhere between present Glenrock and Casper. This region was known generally as the Upper Platte Crossing. Until . . . — Map (db m92052) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Mills — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1914 Lieutenant Caspar W. Collins killed by Sioux Indians near this spot July 26, 1865 — Map (db m92011) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Glendo — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1913 — Map (db m92128) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail
Marked by the State of Wyoming 1913 — Map (db m98376) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail
At this point the Oregon Trail crossed. — Map (db m98378) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail
. . . — Map (db m79833) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Memorial
Dedicated to the pioneers of Wyoming Register Cliff acquired by the State of Wyoming through gift of the Henry Frederick family 1932 — Map (db m86926) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Ruts
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States. U.S. Department . . . — Map (db m86924) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail RutsRegistered National Historic Landmark
Wagon wheels cut solid rock, carving a memorial to Empire Builders. what manner of men and beasts impelled conveyances weighting on those griding wheels? Look! A line of shadows crossing boundless wilderness. Foremost, nimble mules drawing . . . — Map (db m5748) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Oregon Trail Ruts State Historic SiteThe Trail West — A Difficult Journey
Three panels are found at the Park Kiosk near the parking lot. The Trail West During the mid-1800s, more than 500,000 pioneers journeyed west. Never more than a rocky, rutted trail, the road west began in Missouri, crossing . . . — Map (db m85924) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The Oregon Trail1841
Cold Spring camping ground. Rifle pits on brow of hill 500 feet north. Erected by the Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming 1943Map (db m86711) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The United States Army and the Oregon Trail
The U.S. Army's Role in Protecting the Oregon Trail in Wyoming 1842 to 1870 Lieutenant John C. Fremont led an expedition west in 1842 to map a route to Oregon Territory. The scout, Kit Carson, guided the expedition. Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m85771) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — The US Army’s Role in Protecting the Oregon Trail is Best Described by the Soldiers
Three plaques, under the same title, describe how the U.S. Army protected immigrants on the Oregon Trail. Panel 1: “If it is in contemplation to keep open communications with Oregon Territory, a show of military force in this . . . — Map (db m85766) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Boulder — “The Best Mountain Road in the West”“A Cold Supper Was Eaten This Evening in Silence” — “Good Water, Abundance of Grass,” and Natural Gas!
This maker consists of three plaques, each dealing with the Lander Cut-off. “The Best Mountain Road in the West” In 1857, Congress funded construction of the Fort Kearney-South Pass-Honey Lakes Wagon Road (Lander . . . — Map (db m80540) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Boulder — Sand Spring - A Stop on the Oregon Trail
This site is a crossing of the Lander Cut-off, the northern fork of the Oregon Trail. Originally called the Fort Kearney-South Pass-Honey Lake Wagon Road when it opened in 1858, it was the first federally-funded road project west of the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m47092) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — The Parting of the Ways
In July 1844 the California bound Stevens-Townsend-Murphy wagon train, guided by Isaac Hitchcock and 81-year old Caleb Greenwood, passed this point and continued nine and one half miles southwest from here, to a place destined to become prominent in . . . — Map (db m67036) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Crossing the Green RiverThe Oregon Trail
Crossing rivers was the most dangerous activity emigrants faced on their journey west. By the time weary pioneers enroute (sic) to Oregon, California, or Utah reached the east bank of the Green River, they had been on the trail for several months. . . . — Map (db m90015) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — One Day at a TimeThe Oregon Trail
For the hundreds of people heading west, life was one day at a time. The travelers had settled into the monotonous routine of life on the trail - up before dawn, an early breakfast, hitch up the stock, and begin the day's journey. Upon safely . . . — Map (db m90035) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Green River — Oregon Trail Memorial
To All Pioneers Who Passed This Way To Win And Hold The West Trail Crossed 30 Miles North This Point Erected By People Of Green River 1931 — Map (db m67775) HM

Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — The Crooked River (High) Bridge
Central Oregon's roads were primitive at best during the early 1900s. Until the 1920s, US Highway 97 was a collection of unpaved roads. Prior to construction of the Crooked River (High) Bridge in 1926, the only nearby crossing was a small, one-lane . . . — Map (db m67888) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — Applegate TrailKlamath County
Southern Route to Oregon In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous . . . — Map (db m87946) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Merriam — 03 — The Overland TrailsMerriam Historic Plaza Walking Path
Historic Frontier Trails cut through the territory now known as Merriam. Hundreds of thousands of people emigrated [sic – immigrated] to the western frontiers along the Oregon and California Trails. The Santa Fe, Oregon and California Trails . . . — Map (db m46856) HM

Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Bill Hooker
. . . — Map (db m92108) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Forts, Stations, and Camps
Two plaque, under the same name, described military forts and stations on the Wyoming's Platte River section of the Oregon Trail. Panel 1:
There were four forts, numerous stations, and camps along the Oregon-California-Mormon . . . — Map (db m85769) HM

California (Modoc County), Fort Bidwell — The Applegate TrailFandango Pass
Southern Route to Oregon In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous . . . — Map (db m87845) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Callahan — Hayden Hotel
Callahan Ranch Stage Station Oregon Trail 1852 - 1887 — Map (db m57894) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Bloomington — 319 — British SettlersBear Lake — LDS Church
Most early Bear Lake settlers came from Britain. One was the first woman convert to the LDS church in Europe.

Born in Preston, England, Aug. 24, 1806. Ann Elizabeth Walmsley Palmer was baptized July 30, 1837. An invalid, she was carried into the . . . — Map (db m99318) HM

Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — 455 — Emigrant Crossing
After reaching Boise River, emigrant wagons had to travel 30 miles to find a good crossing about 1/4 mile north of here. They had to avoid a wide zone of shifting channels, so they descended Canyon Hill where the route is still visible. In . . . — Map (db m22326) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Peaceful Trading Turns HostileWard Massacre
In the 1830's, local tribes, including the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock began trading with Euro-American fur trappers and missionaries passing through southern Idaho. Peaceful exchanges beneficial to both groups increased in 1842 when wagon trains . . . — Map (db m22333) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — 75 — The Ward Massacre
Only 2 young boys survived the Indian attack on Alexander Ward's 20 member party, Oregon bound on August 20, 1854. Military retaliation for the slaughter so enraged the Indians that Hudson's Bay Co. posts Fort Boise and Fort Hall had to be . . . — Map (db m22328) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Parma — 85 — Old Fort Boise
An important Hudson's Bay Company fur trade post was established in 1834 four miles west of here on the bank of the Snake River. Fur trading declined, but this British post became famous for its hospitality to American travellers on the Oregon . . . — Map (db m21992) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — Rock Creek
The lush willow bottoms of Rock Creek provided Native Americans with a natural campsite. During the early and mid-1800s, Rock Creek was an oasis for the trappers, explorers and Oregon-bound emigrants attempting to traverse the arid Snake River . . . — Map (db m31522) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — 6 — Overland Trails
Here US-56 lies directly on the route of the Oregon-California and Santa Fe trails. Nearby, the trails branched. On a rough sign pointing northwest were the words, "Road to Oregon." Another marker directed travelers southwest along the road to Santa . . . — Map (db m21669) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — McCoy's Trading Post
Near this point John McCoy built a log trading post in 1833 which launched the settlement of Westport, with the town becoming the westernmost point of American civilization. From Westport, the Santa Fe, California, and Oregon Trails reached out as . . . — Map (db m21064) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — New Santa Fe / Trail Remnants
(black marker) New Santa Fe, also known as Little Santa Fe, was not much more than an Indian settlement when the first wagon trains passed through on the Santa Fe Trail in the early 1820's. A popular stopping place because of its grass, . . . — Map (db m20724) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — Santa Fe TrailCamino de Santa Fe — 1821 - 1880
(limestone marker) "A Highway Between Nations" Sen. Thomas Hart Benton, 1825 (red granite marker) Santa Fe Trail 1821 - 1872 Marked by the Daugters of the American Revolution and the State of Missouri 1909 . . . — Map (db m20610) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — The Albert G. Boone Store
(Main Marker) Originally used as an outfitting store for wagon trains, this building was completed in 1850 by Indian traders George and William Ewing and was sold in 1854 to Albert Gallatin Boone for $7,000. Boone operated the store . . . — Map (db m20921) HM
Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 364 — The Great Platte River Road
The trail which followed the south side of the Platte River was the main route to Oregon and California. Fur traders going to the Rocky Mountains took the first wagons over the trail in 1830. Oregon-bound missionaries followed in the mid-1830s, and . . . — Map (db m53268) HM
Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — The Big Spring
Pioneers traveling west on the Oregon Trail discovered this spring that Plains Indians had frequented for centuries. It provided an oasis for man and beast alike in the “Great American Desert.’ In 1867, Union Pacific railroad workers named it . . . — Map (db m51461) HM
Nebraska (Keith County), Brule — 313 — California HillNebraska Historical Marker
The large hill to the north, which became known as “California Hill,” was climbed by thousands of covered wagon emigrants heading west between 1841 and 1860. Many were bound for Oregon. California became the destination of the majority . . . — Map (db m51229) HM
Nebraska (Keith County), Ogallala — 99 — Court House Rock, Chimney Rock and Scott’s Bluffs
Traveling northwest from Ash Hollow, the emigrants encountered three natural features of the North Platte Valley which became well-known milestones. First was Court House Rock, rising abruptly from the plains as the vanguard of the bluffs farther . . . — Map (db m61968) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Mitchell — Fort Mitchell, 1864-18671864 - 1867
In 1909 Nebraska State Surveyor Robert Harvey surveyed the Fort Mitchell site documenting the location of the fort for the Nebraska State Historical Society. Mr. Harvey’s site sketch is partially shown to the right. The granite Oregon Trail . . . — Map (db m79436) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — The Last Spike
To reach Oregon, Union Pacific Railroad organized the Oregon Short Line Railway Co. in 1881 and built from Wyoming westward across Idaho in the same year. Oregon Railway & Navigation Co. was building eastward from Portland. Tracks of the two . . . — Map (db m107282) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Benton County Courthouse
Built in 1888-89, the Benton County Courthouse is the oldest building in Oregon still being used for its original purpose.

The courthouse was designed by Delos D. Neer, a prominent Portland architect, in a style he described as resembling . . . — Map (db m107360) HM

Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Eva Emery Dye
In memory of Eva Emery Dye and others who saved the McLoughlin House from demolition in 1909. The house was moved down Main Street and up Singer Hill to open as a museum on this location in 1910. Mrs. Dye was the author of “McLoughlin and Old . . . — Map (db m8698) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Joseph L. MeekBorn 1810 - Died 1875
Born in Washington Co. Va., Meek leaves home at age 18, arriving in St. Louis in the fall of 1828. Meek signs on as a trapper with the Rocky Mtn. Fur Co., remaining in the Rockies until 1839. 1839 - 1843: Meek travels to the Willamette Valley and . . . — Map (db m8673) HM
Oregon (Grant County), Prairie City — Sumpter Valley Railroad Hiking TrailDixie Pass interpretive site
Imagine the American Indians first creating trails through these mountains hundreds of years ago. Later, in 1825 and 1826, Hudson Bay Fur Company trappers, led by Peter Skeene Ogden, crossed this very pass. In 1862 more people made this difficult . . . — Map (db m107101) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Eugene — Ellis F. LawrenceHope Abbey Mausoleum Architect
During the first half of the 20th century, Ellis Fuller Lawrence was one of Oregon's foremost architects. In 1914, he became the founder and first dean of the School of Architecture and Allied Arts at the University of Oregon. During his 32 year . . . — Map (db m99251) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Enterprise — Sled Springs Stage Station
Early day travelers used the clearing west of this sign as a stop-over and resting place during their journeys from Lost Prairie, Flora, Paradise and other points north to Elgin. Travel was by saddle horse, stagecoach, or wagon. It was known as the . . . — Map (db m103346) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — Look Over Hells Canyon ...
Where many exciting adventures await you! Explore the rugged canyons, climb the spectacular mountains or ride the Snake River’s rapids in Hells Canyon National Recreation Area. In Oregon, forested draws and grassy benches plunge 7,000 feet . . . — Map (db m71731)
Wyoming (Goshen County), Lingle — To All Pioneers
To all Pioneers who passed this way to win and hold the West Trail crossed one mile South — Map (db m79742) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Mills — Emigrant Gap Historical Site
Many emigrant pioneers passed through this gap, or opening, in Emigrant Ridge between the 1840’s and the 1880’s as they traveled the Oregon-Mormon Trail by oxen-drawn wagons, on horseback, or on foot. The trail generally followed the North Platte . . . — Map (db m92013) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Rifle Pit HillCold Springs Camping Ground
Rock quarries, visible from several points near this location, were used beginning in 1849 to supply stone and lime for construction projects at Fort Laramie, about 15 miles east. Workers in the quarries were protected by soldiers stationed in . . . — Map (db m85753) HM
Wyoming (Uinta County), Evanston — Historic Trails
The Oregon and California Trails came into Uinta County from South Pass, whereas the Overland Trail came through Bridger Pass. In 1845, more than 3,000 emigrant were on the Oregon Trail seeking adventure, fortune or religious freedom. The . . . — Map (db m90113) HM
Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — Jim Bridger
1804-1881 Famous mountain man, trader and scout Donated by the Fort Bridger Historical Association Dedicated 8-8-08 Artist David A. Clark — Map (db m13650) HM

Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Captain Bonneville
Bonneville Point According to tradition, a hunting party led by the explorer Captain Benjamin Bonneville reached this promontory in 1833. They saw the lush river valley below and exclaimed in French, “Les bois; les bois; vouyez . . . — Map (db m71835) HM

Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 1 — Downtown Montpelier Historic Walking Tour
Welcome to the Historic Downtown Montpelier Business District on Washington Street! Take a few minutes to enjoy a walking tour filled with interesting information about this area and its place in history. Also, spend a few minutes visiting . . . — Map (db m90878) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Prehistory and Recent History
Big Southern Butte -- A Waypoint for Thousands of Years “Just passing through, ma’ma” The harsh conditions on the plain discouraged most long-term settlement, but Big Southern Butte was a clear waypoint. In the 1800s, travelers headed . . . — Map (db m70573) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Independence Rock
Probably discovered by returning Astorians, 1812. Given its name by emigrants who celebrated Independence Day here July 4, 1825. Capt. Bonneville passed here with first wagons 1832. Whitman and Spalding, missionaries with their wives stopped here . . . — Map (db m95548) HM

British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Modeste Demers1809-1871
Born near Levis, Demers was trained at the Seminary of Quebec, ordained in 1836 and sent in 1838 as a missionary to the Columbia. His ministry extended from the interior of British Columbia to Oregon. First pastor of St. John's Church of Oregon . . . — Map (db m72879) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Pinehurst — The Applegate TrailTub Springs
Southern Route to Oregon In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous . . . — Map (db m88017) HM

Oregon (Malheur County), Nyssa — Old Fort Boise Snake River Crossing
(Inside the kiosk are seven panels which deal with Fort Boise and the Snake River Crossing.) "Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled the air May 22, 1843 as nearly one thousand Americans left Missouri . . . — Map (db m106947) HM

Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — William Henry Harrison
Oregon Trail Memorial Erected 1931 Restored 1978 Caribou County 4H Builders Club In honor of William Henry Harrison of Massachusetts who lost his life on the Oregon Trail about 1850. Erected by his niece Mrs. Alura F. . . . — Map (db m106732) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Westward Ho!
You are traveling in the path of countless men, women, and children who passed this very home in the 1860s! When you turned into the parking lot, you pulled off the Westport Route of the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails. And now, you're . . . — Map (db m34470) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Robedeau Trading Post
Site of Roubedeaux blacksmith shop and trading post on original Oregon Trail. Father DeSmet rested here in 1840 and again in 1851 when he baptized Roubedeaux’s half-breed children. Stansbury, government explorer visited here in 1849 and . . . — Map (db m99183) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Sandy — The Vietnam MonumentNever to be Forgotten
[Marker on Monument's front]: In memory of veterans who served in all wars "Never to be Forgotten" Donated to the City of Sandy, Oregon and dedicated on November 11, 1987 by members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United . . . — Map (db m8573) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Casper — Monument Corrections
Originally located 3 blocks south of here, this monument was moved to this location in 1952. In an effort to rectify inaccurate information presented on the monument, the following corrections are provided. Oregon TrailThe 1849 date presented . . . — Map (db m88148) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Encampments in the Guernsey Area
By wagon, encampments in the Guernsey area, are a day's trek from Fort Laramie. Emigrants had three choices of camp sites in the Guernsey area: Register Cliff, Warm Springs or Cold Springs, the farthest encampment. Lieutenant John C. Fremont's . . . — Map (db m85773) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — Parting of the Ways
This point on the trail is called the Parting-of-the-Ways. The trail to the right is the Sublette or Greenwood Cutoff and to the left is the main route of the Oregon, Mormon, and California Trails. The Sublette Cutoff was opened in 1844 because it . . . — Map (db m96684) HM

Idaho (Blaine County), Carey — 354 — Goodale's Cutoff
When emigrants began to take their westbound wagons along an old Indian and trapper’s trail past this lava, they had to develop a wild and winding road. At this spot, like many others, they had hardly enough space to get by. At times, they . . . — Map (db m4650) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — The Long Journey

The long journey overland to Oregon took about six months. Time, distance, and hardships seasoned the emigrants. They had the ability and had earned the right to mold their own destiny in the new land. The Oregon Trail became a vital part of . . . — Map (db m80949) HM

Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — Kearney: From the Beginning
Long before early French explorers named it the Platte River, or "flat waters," this heartland oasis was a crossroads. Migratory birds, abundant wildlife and Native Americans had been in residence for centuries when the confluence of the Oregon . . . — Map (db m58888) HM
New York (Ontario County), Rushville — Marcus Whitman
Pioneer missionary patriot colonizer in Oregon Ter. Born here Sept. 4, 1802 — Map (db m61349) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. Forbes Barclay1812 - 1873
Dr. Forbes Barclay left Scotland in 1839 for Fort Vancouver (Washington) where he became chief physician for Hudson's Bay Company. He moved to Oregon City in 1850 where he practiced medicine for many years. He was one of Oregon City's early mayors, . . . — Map (db m8692) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — McLoughlin HouseNational Historic Site
In the city he founded, in this house he built, lived Dr. John McLoughlin, 1846-57. He won enduring fame for his generous and humane aid to early American settlers in the Oregon Country, as Chief Factor and Superintendent of the Hudson’s Bay . . . — Map (db m8693) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — The 42nd Parallel
Five panels, one each for Spain, Great Britain, Russia, the United States and Mexico, outline each country's claim to the Oregon territory. Spain Vasco Nunez de Balboa first saw the Pacific Ocean in Sept. 1513. Until . . . — Map (db m87958) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Navigating the Suislaw River
The connection to the Pacific Ocean by way of the Siuslaw River made Florence a natural hub for industry. The shifting river channel and mouth made early navigation unpredictable. The lack of stable conditions made establishing a thriving harbor . . . — Map (db m93912) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — Stephen Meek's Cutoff
In 1845 Meek led 200 families away from Oregon Trail seeking a shorter route west. Gold found enroute began Blue Bucket legend. Hardships drove train back to Oregon Trail at The Dalles. — Map (db m107062) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Trails to Opportunity
The Oregon Trail was American’s main street west. Building upon American Indians footpaths, emigrants bound for the Pacific Northwest used the trail. They were soon followed by Mormons fleeing persecution, gold seekers rushing to California and the . . . — Map (db m95744) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Smoot — Lander Cut-off
The Lander Cut-off left the Oregon Trail at Burnt Ranch on the Sweetwater River near South Pass City, WY. Frederick Lander surveyed the trail in 1857. Tens of thousands of people passed over the trail during its use. With the Transcontinental . . . — Map (db m90520) HM

California (Santa Clara County), Cupertino — Captain Elisha Stephens1804 - 1887 — A True Pioneer
Captain Stephens brought the first wagons over the snow covered Sierra Nevada Truckee Pass with no casualties in the Stephens-Murphy-Townsend party of 1844, arriving at Sutter's Fort with 11 wagons and 51 people plus 2 infants born on the way. . . . — Map (db m24125) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Sonora — Emigrant Trail Terminus
Sonora was the goal of many emigrants traveling the various overland and sea routes. The 1852 Clark-Skidmore Party of emigrants from Elizabethtown, Ohio and Lawrenceburg, Indiana struggled to force a wagon train up the Walker River and over the . . . — Map (db m7566) HM
Colorado (Larimer County), Livermore — 244 — Virginia DaleTrails West — Welcome To Colorado
What a welcome sight Virginia Dale must have been to nineteenth-century travelers. It was one of the largest stagecoach stations on the Overland Trail, offering hot meals and other conveniences to weary passengers - the equivalent, for its day, of . . . — Map (db m89639) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — A Grand VisionBrigham Young Summer Cabin
The first Mormon emigrants arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 and immediately began laying the groundwork for the small settlement that would become Salt Lake City. Church President Brigham Young however, had a much grander vision for his . . . — Map (db m35469) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Granite — Red Boy Mine
In the early 1880s, the Red Boy Vein was located and claimed by Daniel Pinson, a Cherokee Indian. The claim did not pan enough free gold to work without a mill. His only legacy is the mine's name. In 1886 it became a paying proposition when . . . — Map (db m106767) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Lost River Gap and Ford
Used by Indians; by Hudson's Bay trappers; by covered wagons; by Fremont 1846; by railroad survey party 1855; by soldiers at Fort Klamath. Site of the Modoc Indian conference in hope of averting war with that tribe; of the first water wheel; of the . . . — Map (db m100223) HM

California (Trinity County), Weaverville — Moving Mountains...
Searching for Gold Imagine a pile of dirt as big as 6 football fields and two miles high. That pile of dirt use to be where you are now standing. It is called Oregon Mountain. Hydraulic mining dissolved 90% of this mound in the . . . — Map (db m96543) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Shoshone and Northern PaiuteEchoes of an Ancient Homeland
The landscape before you is part of the homeland of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Northern Paiute Indians. They occupied these lands for countless generations before the arrival of Euro-Americans. Living in small bands of several families, their lives . . . — Map (db m71830) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Givens Hot Springs — Givens Hot Springs
Milford and Martha (Mattie) Shirley Givens pulled up Missouri roots and headed west in 1878, apparently bound for Portland, Oregon where relatives were settled. Their journey eventually led them along the South Alternative Route of the Oregon Trail. . . . — Map (db m47134) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Hudspeth Cutoff
Native Americans traveled and camped in the Soda Springs area for centuries before emigrants traveled the Oregon Trail. Sheep Rock (Soda Point) marked the junction of the main route of the Oregon-California Trail and the Hudspeth Cutoff and was . . . — Map (db m106850) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — People, Places, and Stories
The joint efforts of many individuals and groups – among them military men and scientists, a president and an enslaved man, French-speaking boatmen and American Indians, women and men – determined the fate of the Corps of Discovery. . . . — Map (db m57978) HM
Wyoming (Carbon County), Muddy Gap — Muddy Gap
Muddy Gap sits at a crossroads of many historic sites related to the Oregon and Mormon Trails. From Muddy Gap, Independence Rock is 18 miles northeast, Split Rock is 10 miles to the northwest; Devils Gate is 14 miles northeast, and Martin’s . . . — Map (db m95472) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — The Way West
With South Pass behind them, Oregon and California-bound travelers faced the second half of their journey. The roughest travel was yet to come. From Missouri to South Pass, emigrants were able to follow rivers. But from South Pass to Oregon and . . . — Map (db m67018) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Sweetwater Station — The Sweetwater Valley
The Sweetwater Valley is the mid-section of the 2000 mile-long Oregon Trail. West of Casper, Wyoming, branches of that trail, meld into a single transportation corridor and here, paralleling the serpentine Sweetwater River, the trail approaches the . . . — Map (db m95776) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Torrington — Stuart’s 1812-13 Astorian Party Campsite
Following the Lewis and Clark Expedition, much of the interior of the western United States remained a mystery and most people traveling to the west coast went by ship. By 1811, at the height of the fur trade, John Jacob Astor, owner of the Pacific . . . — Map (db m79700) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Little Sandy Crossing
This spot where the old Oregon and Mormon Trails cross the Little Sandy River (or Creek) was a popular camping and resting place for travelers headed to Oregon, California and Utah. Indeed, this site is one of the most significant landmarks on the . . . — Map (db m96697) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — The Big Sandy River
Long before the Oregon/California westward migration, animals instinctively stopped at the Big Sandy River during their migration process. With South Pass just 35 miles east, the river was also a natural East-West pathway for man.

The pathway, in . . . — Map (db m47136) HM

Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Point of Rocks — Overland Stage Route
     At the beginning of the Civil War military strength in the West declined and often it was impossible to safeguard stages carrying the United States mail along the Oregon-California-Mormon Trail. Early in 1862 "Stagecoach King" Ben Holladay . . . — Map (db m67925) HM

California (Yuba County), Camptonville — Marysville to Virginia City in 32 Hours49 Miles Along Highway 49
In 1859 the rich Comstock Silver Lode was discovered in Washoe Territory, Nevada, causing many miners to quickly pack up and head east. Immediately a company was formed to construct a road connecting this area of California to the Comstock finds. . . . — Map (db m65968) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Fort Hall
For over two decades (1834-1856), fur trappers and Oregon Trail wagon trains passed by the doors of this adobe fort. Nathaniel Wyeth, an ambitious Bostonian, built the post in 1834 but soon sold his holdings to the Hudson's Bay Company, whose staff . . . — Map (db m106849) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Idaho's Emigrant Trails
Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and decent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's curiosities at Soda Springs, and discovered willing traders at Fort Hall. In 1843 wagons first . . . — Map (db m106845) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Sheep Rock Geology
Lava eruptions west of Sheep Rock at least 140,000 years ago blocked the Bear River from draining into the Snake River system. Instead, the Bear was forced to drain into what was then Lakes Thatcher and Bonneville to the south. The Bear River's . . . — Map (db m106847) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Eugene — The Collier House
Built in 1886 by George Haskell Collier Professor of Physics University of Oregon from 1879 to 1895 — Map (db m99228) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Rocky Ridge
At 7000 feet above sea level, Rocky Ridge is the highest point on the Mormon and Oregon Trails. This elevation, lack of water, and rugged landscape presented a challenge to early pioneers. The trail over Rocky Ridge is approximately two miles long . . . — Map (db m96621) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — South Pass
South Pass was discovered in 1812 by a small band of Astorians led by Robert Stuart as they traveled east with dispatches for John Jacob Astor. It was “rediscovered” in 1824 by a party led by Jedediah Smith as they searched for a winter . . . — Map (db m80501) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — 28 — Martin's Cove
Survivors of Captain Edward Martin's Handcart Company of Mormon emigrants from England to Utah were rescued here in perishing condition about Nov. 12, 1856. Delayed in starting and hampered by inferior carts it was overtaken by an early winter. . . . — Map (db m95487) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Grave of Lucindy Rollins
Grave of Lucindy Rollins 1849 - 1934 Dedicated to the Pioneer Women of Wyoming Erected by the Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming — Map (db m79831) HM

California (Siskiyou County), Dunsmuir — Upper Soda Springs
Campsite of Indians and Hudson's Bay trappers. Popular resort on the California-Oregon Trail, 1857-1920 — Map (db m89120) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Etna — McBride Ranch
Ohio House Stage Station Oregon Trail 1852 – 1871 — Map (db m70295) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Old Fort Hall
Fort Hall, Keystone on the Oregon Trail, America's road to destiny, was located 14 miles north of this site. It was dedicated by Nathaniel J. Wyeth, Bostonian, on Aug. 5th 1834. Unable to compete with Hudson's Bay Co., Fort Boise; Wyeth sold the . . . — Map (db m108305) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Guiding Landmark...Sheep Rock
Towering 1200 feet above the waters of Bear River is Sheep Rock, a prominent landmark described in emigrant diaries and journals as they traveled west on the Oregon and California trails. Trapper and mountain men, in the early 1830s, indicate that a . . . — Map (db m106737) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — A Day on the Santa Fe Trail1822 - 1872

The Trip Ahead The Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails proved to be both challenging and exhilarating for the travelers in the caravans passing near here. Letters and diaries are filled with the adventures, excitement, and hardships . . . — Map (db m99328) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — The Development of the Kansas City area Frontier Trails NetworkTrail Map
The Santa Fe Trail went through two decades of change in the Kansas City area before evolving into it's final form by about 1840. In the early years of that decade it also became the route of the Oregon Trail and California Trail. 1821 - . . . — Map (db m50679) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Marysville — 25 — Marysville
A few miles below Marysville was the famous ford on the Oregon Trail known as the Independence, Mormon or California crossing. There thousands of covered wagons with settlers bound for Oregon, Mormons for Utah and gold seekers for California . . . — Map (db m48599) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Wamego — 107 — Vieux Cemetery
Of Pottawatomie Indian and French ancestry, Louis Vieux was an early resident of this area. Probably born near Lake Michigan, Vieux, with a portion of the Pottawatomies, moved to Iowa and later Indianola, Kan., near Topeka. In 1847 or 1848, Vieux . . . — Map (db m32608) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — One Step at a Time

The Oregon Trail was the main street of the west from the 1830's to the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in 1869. Farmers, townsmen and restless Americans from all walks of life moved along this route seeking a better life in a . . . — Map (db m80948) HM

Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Tallgrass Prairie

Native Wild Flowers • Western Wheatgrass • Sideoats G[r]ama • Little Bluestem • Switchgrass • Big Bluestem • Indian Grass

These seven small plats represent the majority of the grass and forb species that dominated the 52 million acres of . . . — Map (db m80928) HM

Nebraska (Keith County), Ogallala — 2 — The Great Platte River Road1841- 1866
When gold was discovered in 1848, California became the main destination. After 1849 many emigrants and gold seekers began traveling the trail on the north side of the Platte. Throughout the peak migration years, the trail to Oregon or California . . . — Map (db m50783) HM
Nevada (Pershing County), Imlay — 49 — Applegate - Lassen Emigrant Trail Cutoff
Jesse and Lindsay Applegate headed south from Williamette Valley, Oregon, June 29, 1846, seeking a less hazardous route to that region from the east. On July 21, they came to a large meadow on the Humboldt River, what is now the nearby Rye Patch . . . — Map (db m67379) HM
North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-49 — Joseph Lane
Territorial Governor of Oregon, 1848-50, Vice-Presidential candidate, 1860, U.S. Senator, major general in Mexican War. Born 3 miles east — Map (db m31534) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Site of the Earliest Boat LandingLower Town, Marysville, 1851
Site of the earliest boat landing Lower Town, Marysville, 1851 Presented to City of Corvallis, Oregon Centennial Celebration, June 1957 by the Winema Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m107333) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Jacksonville — Rogue River Valley Railroad Depot1891 • 1925
This is the site of the depot of the Rogue River Valley Railroad which ran from Medford to Jacksonville Siskiyou Pioneer Sites Foundation Medford, Oregon — Map (db m91772) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Eugene — Patterson Home Site / Animal House
Site of the home of A.W. and Amanda Patterson. He was a pioneer Lane County doctor and surveyor who plotted a greater part of Eugene. In 1853, Patterson was also a member of the Oregon Legislature and was instrumental in establishing the University . . . — Map (db m99248) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Siuslaw River Bridge: Construction & Design
Constructing Over the Siuslaw The Siuslaw River Bridge incorporates Art Deco, Moderne, Gothic, and Egyptian influence that were important to McCullough. Due to its ability to open at the center, the Siuslaw River Bridge best represents . . . — Map (db m93875) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — In Search of a Dream
From the 1830s to the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, the Oregon Trail was the way west for thousands of restless Americans from all walks of life. Fired with a hope of finding a better life, more than 250,000 people . . . — Map (db m107034) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Loren R. Kaufman MemorialMedal of Honor
The President of the United States, in the name of Congress, has awarded the Medal of Honor Posthumously to Loren R. Kaufman Sergeant First Class, US Army Born: July 27, 1923 at The Dalles, Oregon * Entered Service: The Dalles, Oregon . . . — Map (db m63293) WM
Virginia (James City County), Jamestown — WyomingQuadricentennial Plaza — Jamestown Settlement
Capital-Cheyenne

Wyoming was home to more than a dozen Indian tribes when the first American traders entered the area. The region was acquired in portions by the United States: the east in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the west in the Oregon . . . — Map (db m97657) HM

Virginia, Richmond — Horseshoe Shops
In the late 1800s, horse-drawn carts, wagons, and carriages dominated city streets, and southern agriculture still largely depended on the power of horses and mules. To meet the demand for horse and mule shoes, Tredegar began selling machine-made . . . — Map (db m24137) HM
Washington (Clark County), Vancouver — A River of Settlers
Before 1846 American immigrants traveling the Oregon Trail to Fort Vancouver had to make a choice at The Dalles (80 miles upriver from here). They could navigate their own handmade raft or take a Hudson's Bay Company boat down the Columbia River to . . . — Map (db m12295) HM
Washington (Walla Walla County), Walla Walla — Wai-i-lat-pu
A short distance to the south, near the Walla Walla River, is Wai-i-lat-pu, "The Place of the People of the Rye Grass,” a mission founded among the Cayuse Indians of the Walla Walla Valley in 1836 by Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife, Narcissa. . . . — Map (db m3766) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Split Rock Meadows
Shoshone, Arapaho, Crow and Sioux Indians occupied this pleasant valley long before the Oregon Trail, which changed their cultures and life styles forever. This led to tragic warfare and the eventual loss of country they had called their own. . . . — Map (db m69602) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — The Emigrant Road
The Oregon Trail passed over the ridge to the east of Devil's Gate. Good grass, water and the shelter of the hills made this a popular campsite. Explorer Brevet-Captain John C. Fremont, 1842: "In about three miles, we reached the . . . — Map (db m95504) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Historic Guernsey Area
Platted and established by the Lincoln Land Company of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, Guernsey garners its name from Charles A. Guernsey, noted legislator, rancher, and investor in early Wyoming. The historic Guernsey area . . . — Map (db m79807) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — Parting of the Ways
Trail ruts at this site were mistakenly identified as the Parting-of-the-Ways where emigrant parties separated on their journeys to Oregon, California, or Utah. The actual Parting-of-the-Ways is approximately 10 miles west of this spot. Where . . . — Map (db m67034) HM
Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — Fort Bridger — Carter Military Road
Established 1858 As a Military Post Also Pony Express Station An on the Old Oregon Trail — Map (db m90696) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Corridor of Flags
Delaware, 1st State December 7, 1787 1609 • Henry Hudson visited Delaware Bay 1638 • Swedish colonists established Fort Christina, Delaware's first permanent settlement, and founded the colony of New Sweden 1655 • Dutch captured New . . . — Map (db m47214) HM

Oregon (Malheur County), Jordan Valley — Sarah Winnemucca
(left panel) Sarah Winnemucca played a major role in shaping development of the American West, and especially what is known as the I.O.N. country: The Idaho, Oregon and Nevada state junction. During her lifetime, Sarah became well . . . — Map (db m106883) HM
Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Trails (Part II)The Stage and Mail Routes
By 1859 there was daily mail and overland stagecoach service to California. The trip took approximately 27 days for coaches to make the journey. Although trips were originally made across the southern Santa Fe route this practice was abandoned at . . . — Map (db m95310) HM

California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Summer Retreat
In 1849 Mary Jane Walker Caples, along with her brother, husband James, and baby daughter Isabella, traveled overland by wagon to the gold fields of California. The Caples went to “Hangtown,” (Placerville,CA) to seek their fortune. James . . . — Map (db m44987) HM
California (Placer County), Soda Springs — Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party
In 1844, the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party became the first wagon party to cross the Sierra Nevada. A portion of the group spent the winter nearby along the Yuba River, before continuing to Sutter's Fort in the spring of 1845. Their pioneering . . . — Map (db m95508) HM

British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Fort Victoria
The mooring rings on the rocks below are the only surviving fragment of Fort Victoria built by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1843. From 1846, when the Oregon boundary was drawn at the 49th parallel, this post served as grand depot and headquarters of . . . — Map (db m9195) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Point Frederick
English: A strategic location for the defence of the Loyalist settlement at Cataraqui (Kingston), this point was reserved in 1788 and named after Sir Frederick Haldimand, Governor of Quebec (1778-86). In 1790-91 a guardhouse and storehouse . . . — Map (db m83571) HM
California (Santa Clara County), Los Gatos — "The Cats"
In 1919, Charles Erskine Scott Wood and Sara Bard Field purchased a beautiful 34-acre site overlooking Los Gatos to establish a refuge for their creative pursuits. Here they commissioned Robert Treat Paine to create two large statures to mark the . . . — Map (db m92716) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Tulelake — Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge
Has Been Designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the Provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This Site Possesses Exceptional Value in Commemorating and Illustrating the History of the Unites . . . — Map (db m100345) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Violence is AvengedWard Massacre
In early September, 1854, Major Granville Hallar set out with a US military force from their post in Oregon to avenge the Ward-party deaths. Upon arrival at the rebuilt Hudson Bay's Fort Boise near the mouth of the Boise River, the Indians they . . . — Map (db m22366) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — The Value Of A ShortcutHudspeth's Cutofff
When they left the main trail leading to Fort Hall, emigrants heading to California thought that Hudspeth's Cutoff would save them considerable time and miles in the race to the gold fields. To their surprise, they were still in Idaho's Raft River . . . — Map (db m106772) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Trails, Rails and Highways
This is an east-west travel corridor of the earliest emigrant trails that continued even after the arrival of railroads and highways. Early explorers, such as John Fremont, Jedediah Smith, Osborne Russell, and missionary Narcissi Whitman were among . . . — Map (db m106846) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lorado Taft (1860 - 1936)Sculptor of the Debate Memorial
Best remembered for his spectacular fountains, Lorado Taft was the creator of some of our nation's outstanding monuments. Some of his most significant include Blackhawk (Oregon, IL, 1911), The Columbus Memorial (Washington, D.C., . . . — Map (db m58782) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — 9 — Lawrence and the Old Trails
Between Lawrence and Topeka, the Kansas turnpike passes near the route of the old Oregon-California Trail, traveled in the 1800s by explorers, missionaries, soldiers, emigrants in search of land, and forty-niners in search of gold. Fifteen miles . . . — Map (db m103242) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Lone Elm Campground
Lone Elm is one of the most historic and important frontier trail camp sites in America and was used as a campground and rendezvous point for all three of our nation's great western roads to the frontier.....the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California . . . — Map (db m34334) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Opening the Floodgates

[Inset] "from 'Sappling Grove' where there is an excellent fountain spring & a very good place to camp.. The road runs a little round on the high ridge."

The Santa Fe Trail began in 1821 when William Becknell and a . . . — Map (db m100228) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Voices from the Trail

The Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails proved to be both challenging and exhilarating for the travelers in the caravans passing through this junction along one of the Westport routes. Letters and diaries are filled with adventures and . . . — Map (db m100260) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — California Road
The California Road Originally a trail through the lands of the Shawnee Indians, running west from Westport through present day Johnson and Douglas Counties, this route was used throughout the 1830's and 1840's by Indians, missionaries, and . . . — Map (db m50612) HM
Kansas (Sedgwick County), Wichita — French TricolorBicentennial Flag Memorial
With the Revolution won and the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the United States was extended westward to the Mississippi River. To the west of the Mississippi, the French Tricolor waved over French Louisiana until the purchase of that . . . — Map (db m56947) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Trails across Kansas
Kansas is a land of trails. Even before Kansas became a state in 1861, many people and animals traveled through the area. It is the north-south route for migratory birds. Elk and bison cut paths looking for rivers and other water sources. Native . . . — Map (db m48660) HM
Nebraska (Hall County), Grand Island — The Mormon Trail

From 1847 to the 1860s, the Mormon migration along the Great Platte River Road marked a distinctive chapter in the history of westward expansion. In contrast to the random migrations of individual families or companies that characterized much . . . — Map (db m79695) HM

Nebraska (Kearney County), Kearney — 229 — Fort Kearny
The growth of overland emigration to Oregon after 1842 resulted in the establishment of military posts across the West to protect travelers. The first post, Fort Kearny, was established in the spring of 1848 “near the head of the Grand . . . — Map (db m43237) HM
Nebraska (Lincoln County), Sutherland — 111 — The Great Platte River Road
      This is the Platte River Valley, America’s great road west. It provided a natural pathway for westward expansion across the continent during the nineteenth century. Here passed the Oregon Trail, following the South Platte River along much . . . — Map (db m88674) HM
Nebraska (Lincoln County), Sutherland — 110 — The Great Platte River Road
This is the Platte River Valley, America's great road west. It provided a natural pathway for westward expansion across the continent during the nineteenth century. Here passed the Oregon Trail, following the South Platte River along much the same . . . — Map (db m89341) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — The BullwhackersOx-drawn wagons carried freight here in the 1860’a and 70’s
After the great migrations of settlers and goldseekers passed here in the 1840’s and 50’s, the Oregon Trail remained an important communications and supply route. Wagon trains hauled provisions to Ft. Laramie and other army posts west of here. The . . . — Map (db m87290) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Mitchell — 17 — Scott's Bluff Pony Express StationIn Search of the Pony Express Stations
Text is found on both sides of this marker Dedicated October 5, 2013 Scott’s Bluff Original Station Apr. 3, 1860 - Nov. 20. 1861 by James Stretesky Joseph L. Schroeder Panhandle Monument Gordy & Linda . . . — Map (db m79437) HM
Nevada (Washoe County), Verdi — Von Schmidt
This cast iron obelisk was one of only four such monuments set by Allexey Von Schmidt during his survey of the California Nevada boundary in 1872-73. It was intended to mark a point on the 120th meridian, the border line between the two states north . . . — Map (db m94295) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Fort Klamath — The First Sawmill
The first sawmill present in Klamath County was erected near this site on Fort Creek in 1863 by the U.S. Army. — Map (db m100287) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Locomotive 2579
Locomotive #2579 is a typical example of over 350 small steam locomotives called “Consolidations” that were used by the Southern Pacific Railroad from the early 1900s well into the 1950s. During their time she and her sisters were . . . — Map (db m99216) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Worden — Western International HistoryApplegate Trail
A party of 15 men, styled the South Road Expedition, as led by Capt. Levi Scott, Jesse Applegate, and David Goff, crossed the 42nd parallel on late July 4, 1846. It was blazing a road on which to lead Americans from harm, free of the impending war . . . — Map (db m87945) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Vista HouseJEWEL on the Crown
Classic symbol of the Columbia River Gorge, Vista House beckons travelers to Crown Point to revel in an extravaganza of water, cliff, and sky. Samuel C. Lancaster, design engineer of the Historic Columbia River Highway, envisioned this outcropping . . . — Map (db m86662) HM
Oregon (Washington County), Beaverton — The Medal of HonorCourage • Patriotism • Duty
Oregon Medal of Honor Recipients Allworth, Edward C. CPT, U.S. Army • Dahl, Larry G. SP4, U.S. Army • High, Frank C. PVT, U.S. Army • Holcomb, John Noble SGT, U.S. Army • Jackson, Arthur J. PFC U.S. Marine Corp • Kaufman, Loren R. SFC, U.S. . . . — Map (db m81197) WM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball’s Bluff
Ball’s Bluff is the only battlefield where on which a United States senator was killed in combat. Edward Dickinson Baker, senator from Oregon, was also a colonel and one of Brig. Gen. Charles Stone’s three brigade commanders. Baker was a long-time . . . — Map (db m2203) HM
Wyoming (Carbon County), Wamsutter — Overland Trail
"From the Platte west to Fort Bridger... is one almost uninterrupted panorama of barren hills, sandy plains, ugly tortuous ravines, and blank desolation... All life and all living things, seem to be gone." (Overland Trail traveler Demas Barnes, . . . — Map (db m89716) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Split Rock
Originally called the Emigrant Road, the Oregon Trail was the main route of westward expansion from 1812 to 1869. An estimated 500,000 people journeyed past here in search of new lands and new lives in the West. Because of its unique shape, . . . — Map (db m62092) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Beaver Rim and the Wind River Range
Viewed from Beaver Rim, the Wind River Mountains, part of the Rocky Mountain chain, boast 53 granite peaks over 13,000 feet high. The Continental Divide runs the length of the Wind River Range. Water on the east side of the Continental Divide flows . . . — Map (db m67012) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — The Corridor West
The trail over South Pass is a transportation corridor which served many purposes. In addition to being the route to Oregon and California, it was used by Mormon pioneers and by the Pony Express. A great exodus to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 . . . — Map (db m67019) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Cokeville — Cokeville
Cokeville is situated at the confluence of the Bear River and Smiths Fork valleys. Between 1812 ad 1865, these valleys were the domain of American Indians, fur trappers and traders; during the 1830s and 1840s, they became a well traveled pathway of . . . — Map (db m90480) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — First Among Many
Throughout history, humans have followed river banks in search of resources to support commerce. Rivers made possible the exploration and mapping of North America. Major waterways served as trade routes for native peoples, corridors for European . . . — Map (db m91949) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — Marking Their Progress
Many travelers along the Oregon, California, and Mormon Pioneer trails relied on maps and reports made by explorers or guides who knew the way. William Clayton provided early emigrants with a detailed written record of his travels. As a member of . . . — Map (db m91950) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — Marking Their Progress
Many travelers along the Oregon, California, and Mormon Pioneer trail relied on maps and reports made by explorers or guides who knew the way. William Clayton provided early emigrants with a detailed written record of his travels. As a member of . . . — Map (db m95600) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — Shape of the Future
The eighteenth century saw competition for control of North America among Spain, France, England, and the fledgling United States. Following a forty-year period of wars, treaties, territorial purchases, and establishment of trading posts, the future . . . — Map (db m91947) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Casper — Bridger and Bozeman Trails
The discovery of gold in Montana in 1862 created a rush of miners traveling to Virginia city. The most direct routes were through Wyoming on the Bridger and Bozeman trails. In the spring of 1863, John Bozeman, a miner from Georgia, pioneered a route . . . — Map (db m91813) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Big Piney — 19th Century Interstate HighwayThe Lander Trail
The Lander Trail, part of the Congressionally designated California National Historic Trail, was a shortcut of the main emigrant trails to California and Oregon, as well as to the new gold fields in Montana and Idaho. Emigrants started their . . . — Map (db m96954) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Bondurant — Hoback Canyon
West of this sign is the opening of Hoback Canyon. This canyon first provided a way through the mountains for game and Indians, and later for mountain men and settlers, but the rugged trail was hazardous for horses and wagons. On September 26, 1811, . . . — Map (db m90923) HM

Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Westmoreland, KansasFrom Campsite to County Seat

Though the first known westbound wagon train led by William Sublette passed this way in 1827 following an old Kanza hunting trail, the Oregon Trail would not be well defined until 1842 when the report of John C. Fremont’s expedition became the . . . — Map (db m81187) HM

Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — When the Mountains Roared
“The fire by this time was an awe-inspiring spectacle, the whole horizon to the west was aflame and the noise caused by the falling timber was terrific.” - Roy A. Phillips, Lolo Forest Guard One of the most devastating . . . — Map (db m45508) HM
Nebraska (Garden County), Lewellen — Rough Going
The Way West -- The Oregon Trail For the wagon-traveler, the road from Independence, Missouri, to the Far West was “2,000 miles, one step at a time.” Wagon Brakes The most common wagon brake was the rough-lock. It slowed the . . . — Map (db m87757) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — Pony ExpressDaring riders sped the mail from Missouri to California in ten days
Go back in time to 1860 or 1861 and picture the traffic on the Oregon Trail – the freight wagons and stagecoaches, and the emigrants, soldiers, and Indians. But most colorful, perhaps, was the Pony Express rider streaking through Scotts . . . — Map (db m87300) HM
Nebraska (Scotts Bluff County), Gering — The Way WestAfter leaving Scotts Bluff, wagon trains headed toward the mountains
Only a few of the pioneers who reached Scotts Bluff scaled the cliffs to witness this aerial view of the country ahead. The wagons had to keep rolling to reach Oregon or California before cold weather set in. Ft. Mitchell, the next stop on the . . . — Map (db m87310) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Eugene — Granite Glacial Erratic
A rock or boulder carried from its original source by an act of nature is called an erratic. This granite erratic was deposited near Harrisburg, Oregon about 12,000 years ago. Geologists say it was carried there by an iceberg during the . . . — Map (db m99224) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Eugene — Petrified Wood
This piece of petrified wood was found near the mouth of Moffett Creek when the Columbia River Highway was widened in 1950. The wood turned to stone as the fiber of the original tree, which lived during the early Miocene age (26 million years ago), . . . — Map (db m99223) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Arminto — Bridger Road – Waltman CrossingWyoming
      Here the present-day highway crosses what remains of an all but forgotten road. That road led to the remote goldfields of western Montana, booming since 1862.       The government, in 1859, ordered Captain W.F. Raynolds, Topographical . . . — Map (db m86918) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — A Look Back
Daunting to some, invigorating to others, the view from here gave emigrants a sense of the dramatic beauty and grand scale of the West. Many pioneers, tired after having climbed four hundred feet above Willow Springs, were humbled by this panorama. . . . — Map (db m95598) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — And On the Horizon...
"Sunday Jun 15. Traveled 25 miles, about one mile from the springs is Prospect Hill. It is a delightful view, and here you can see the range of Sweet water mountains..." Excerpt from the 1851 journal of Amelia Hadley in Covered Wagon . . . — Map (db m95597) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Bessemer Bend — Lure of the West
The eighteenth century brought competition among Spain, France, England and the fledgling Unites States for control of North America. Domain over the continent's rivers, seaports, forests, rich soils, and wildlife resources was key to the growth of . . . — Map (db m95596) HM

British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Shop/WarehouseBuilt 1883
This two-story brick building in the Italianate style was one of several shop/warehouses in Victoria’s warehouse district. Originally occupied by W.J. Jeffree, pioneer clothier, the building later housed F.R. Stewart & Co. Provisioners. The . . . — Map (db m49124) HM
Ontario (Frontenac County), Kingston — Fort Frederick
English: With the outbreak of the War of 1812, a blockhouse was quickly constructed on Point Frederick complementary to and earlier one built on Point Henry. Both provided protection for the Kingston dockyard which was the pivotal point of . . . — Map (db m83613) HM
Turks and Caicos Islands, Grand Turk, Cockburn Town — U.S. Naval Facility— Grand Turk —
In 1954 the U.S. Navy established a hydrographic research station on this northern promontory of Grand Turk, overlooking the strategic passage from the Atlantic Ocean. Quonset huts were erected to accommodate eleven officers and one-hundred enlisted . . . — Map (db m40833) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — El Tovar HotelBegun 1903, Completed 1905
Named for Don Pedro de Tovar, the first European to visit the Hopi Indian villages in 1540, the hotel was constructed by Hopi Indian craftsmen at a cost of $250,000 employing logs shipped by train from Oregon and native Kaibab Limestone. The El . . . — Map (db m39477) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — 1007 — Knight Foundry
Knight Foundry was established in 1873 to supply heavy equipment and repair facilities to the gold mines and timber industry of the Mother Lode. Samuel N. Knight developed a high speed, cast iron water wheel which was a forerunner of the Pelton . . . — Map (db m100590) HM
California (Calaveras County), Campo Seco — 257 — Campo Seco
Settled in 1849 by Mexicans who worked placers in Oregon Gulch. Rich copper deposits discovered in 1859. The largest living cork oak tree in California was planted here in 1858. Ruins of Adams Express Building still standing. — Map (db m10629) HM
California (Glenn County), Orland — The Swift AdobeCalifornia Historical Landmark 345
The first house in Glenn County Built about 1848 by Granville P. Swift A member of the Bear Flag Party, who came to California from Oregon in 1844. The site is 150 yards east on the banks of Hambright Creek. The house was built of clay by . . . — Map (db m41864) HM
California (Modoc County), Canby — Evans and Bailey Fight 1861
Monument site on top of hill — Map (db m87842) HM
California (Modoc County), Cedarville — 14 — Cressler - Bonner Trading PostCalifornia Historical Landmark No. 14
The first building erected in Deep Creek settlement, now Cedarville, was built in 1865 as a trading post by James Townsend, who was killed in an indian fight it 1866. Purchased by William T. Cressler and John H. Bonner in 1867, the building was . . . — Map (db m10245) HM
California (Modoc County), Fandango Pass — 546 — The Applegate-Lassen Trail
This spot marks the convergence of two pioneer trails widely used by emigrants during the years 1846-1850. The Applegate Trail, established in 1846, led from the Humbolt River in Nevada to the Willamette Valley in Oregon. The Lassen Cut-Off, . . . — Map (db m10174) HM
California (Monterey County), Salinas — Southern Pacific Caboose # 726Salinas Oldtown Historic District
Southern Pacific Caboose # 726 was built in 1916, in the Southern Pacific Oregon Brooklyn Yard. It was then retired in 1965 by the Southern Pacific Railroad Co. This caboose was donated to the City of Salinas by the Gheen Family in memory of Betty . . . — Map (db m63638) HM
California (Placer County), Auburn — Jean Baptiste Charbonneau
As an infant in 1805, he accompanied his parents Toussaint Charbonneau and Sacagawea, as they guided the Lewis & Clark Expedition. He lived along the American River Canyon, at Murderer’s, Buckner’s, Rattlesnake & Manhattan Bars between 1848 and . . . — Map (db m44067) HM
California (Placer County), Granite Bay — 585 — Pioneer Express Trail
Between 1849 and 1854, Pioneer Express riders rode this gold rush trail to the many populous mining camps on the American River bars now covered by Folsom Lake. - Beals, Condemned, Dotons, Long, Horseshoe, Rattlesnake, and Oregon - on the route to . . . — Map (db m10202) HM
California (San Benito County), San Juan Bautista — 181 — John Charles Fremont1813 – 1890
John Charles Fremont was a naturalist, explorer, scientist and Captain with the U.S. Topographical Engineers on his third expedition to the West when he camped on this mountain. His assignment was to survey, map, chart trails and find the shortest . . . — Map (db m57986) HM
California (San Joaquin County), French Camp — 668 — French Camp
Here was the terminus of the Oregon-California Trail used by the French-Canadian trappers employed by the Hudson’s Bay Company from about 1832 to 1845. Michel La Framboise, among others, met fur trappers here annually where they camped with their . . . — Map (db m15957) HM
California (Shasta County), Lakehead-Lakeshore — Stone Turnpike Memorial Freeway
Until 1860 only a dangerous pack trail through the upper Sacramento River Canyon linked Oregon with California’s northern mines. Yreka’s merchants and settlers also wanted a safer wagon road. The rugged terrain defied road building efforts . . . — Map (db m70326) HM
California (Shasta County), Redding — Cascade Theater
Date Opened: August 9, 1935 Owner Operator: T & D Jr. Enterprises Architect: J. Lloyd Conrich / San Francisco, CA General Contractor: Sath Brothers / San Francisco, CA Date Reopened : August 14, 2002 Owner Operator: Southern Oregon . . . — Map (db m70330) HM
California (Shasta County), Shasta — Coyle-Foster Barn
This barn was built in the late 1850’s by Thomas and Mary Coyle. It originally stood in the old Trinity Center and, for a time, was used to shelter guest’s horses at the Holland House Hotel on the road to Oregon. In 1959, when flooding of old . . . — Map (db m96938) HM
California (Sierra County), Alleghany — Rite Here
On July 1st, 1887, an attempt was made to rob the Forest City Stage carrying a shipment of Gold from the Bald Mountain Extension Mine. Tom Davis, driver, Ben Treloar, shotgun, were ordered to halt, but were shot and "wounded" before the . . . — Map (db m65958) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Dunsmuir — Locomotive 1727
Locomotive 1727 is a Class M-6 Mogul built by Baldwin Automotive Works in 1901. It served Southern Pacific in California and Oregon until 1956. 1727 is one of only seven Mogul engines surviving today out of 355 originally built. Donated by S.P. . . . — Map (db m40383) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Fort Jones — “Fort Jones House”
. . . — Map (db m70253) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Hornbrook — Bradford Ripley Alden1811-1870
On Aug. 8, 1853 Captain Alden led 10 men of the 4th U.S. Infantry from Fort Jones and 80 volunteers from Yreka over these mountains to the assistance of the Rogue River Valley. This force augmented by 100 volunteers from Oregon defeated the . . . — Map (db m70216) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Yreka — Frogtown
Near this spot in 1851 Frogtown was founded. It became the center of trade for the miners working on the nearby flats and gulches. When the Oregon Stage Road was made the town was moved to higher ground and in 1852 was renamed Hawkinsville. In 1858 . . . — Map (db m70205) HM
California (Tehama County), Butte Meadows — History of the Lassen Trail
The Lassen Trail was named for Peter Lassen, a native of Denmark who obtained a Mexican land grant, n 1844, for 22,000 acres of land near Vina, where Deer Creek enters the Sacramento River. Lassen was an inveterate trail blazer and inspired by . . . — Map (db m88074) HM
California (Yuba County), Marysville — New Mecklenberg
The land on which Marysville was founded originally was leased in 1842 to Theodore Cordua a Prussian emigrant, by John A. Sutter. Named for his homeland, Cordua established a trading post and stock ranch on the Calif.-Oregon Trail to serve . . . — Map (db m40146) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — 19 — Old Julesburg
Due North 1235 Feet is the Original Site of Old Julesburg, named for Jules Beni, whose trading post was established at the "Upper Crossing" of the Platte prior to 1860, junction of Oregon and Overland Trails. Pony Express Station, 1860-61. . . . — Map (db m47348) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 359 — Beaver Dick's Ferry
In 1863 and 1864, overland packers hauling supplies from Salt Lake City to Idaho City crossed here and took a direct route northward to More's Creek. They cut a steep grade from the Oregon Trail down to Beaver Dick's Ferry, which served a . . . — Map (db m22641) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Bonneville Point
From this old Indian trail later known as the Old Oregon Trail Captain B,L,E, Bonnevilles partner on first sighting the river May 1833 exclaimed - Les Bois Les Bois Voyes Les Bois meaning The Woods The Woods See The Woods Capt Bonneville . . . — Map (db m71837) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), McCammon — Location, location, location....
McCammon's mogul (two photos at bottom left) In 1865 William H. Murphy operated a toll bridge on the Portneuf River mainly used by miners traveling from Utah to the Montana goldfields. Murphy and his wife Catherine Scott Murphy . . . — Map (db m108261) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Fort Hall
A registered national historical landmark Indian and trapper trading post established by Nathaniel J. Wyeth in 1834 and sold to Hudson's Bay Company in 1837 It was the vital point on the Oregon and California immigration trails and in establishing . . . — Map (db m108304) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Fish Haven — 382 — Bear Lake
Discovered in 1812 by trappers returning home from Astoria, Oregon, this valley and its large lake soon became an important fur trade center. Donald Mackenzie, Jim Bridger and a host of famous beaver hunters operated here. Two major summer . . . — Map (db m105867) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 157 — Thomas Fork
A bad ford gave trouble to wagon trains crossing this stream on the trail to California and Oregon in 1849. In that year, gold-seeking 49'ers developed a shortcut that crossed here. Then emigrants built two bridges here in 1850. But an . . . — Map (db m90804) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Glacial Ice DamFilled This Basin as Far as You Can See — Glaciers moved south from Canada spreading across the lake and rivers
Glaciers advanced and retreated a dozen times or more Damming Glacial Lake Missoula Bursting with gargantuan force Flooding areas 400 miles away Shaping today's landscape in Idaho, Washington and Oregon Glacial ice above . . . — Map (db m73493) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Vanishing Landmark
From this vantage point, you gaze across 25 miles of lava to Big Southern Butte. Early pioneers, following Goodale’s Cutoff from the Oregon Trail, used this land mark to navigate around the rugged lavas of the Snake River Plain. As a traveler today, . . . — Map (db m70595) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Givens Hot Springs — 358 — Givens Springs
Natural hot water available here has been a popular attraction for thousands of years. A winter village site for about 5000 years, these hot springs had large pit houses typical of plateau communities northwest of here from 4,300 to about . . . — Map (db m47336) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — To the Memory of the PioneersWard Massacre Memorial
To the memory of the pioneers who were massacred by Indians near this spot August 20, 1854. This monument is dedicated by Pioneer Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Boise, Idaho William Ward       Age 44 Margaret Ward        "   . . . — Map (db m22336) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Bancroft — 161 — Hudspeth's Cutoff
In the summer of 1849, the California Gold Rush was diverted this way in search of a more direct route to the mines. Stampeding 49'ers would try anything to save miles and time in their rush for California's gold: the regular Oregon and . . . — Map (db m106774) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 218 — Camp Connor
Col. P.E. Connor set up the old town of Soda Springs, now mostly flooded, and an adjacent army post near here May 20, 1863. The gold rush to Idaho had greatly increased traffic on the Oregon Trail, and the post was needed to protect travelers . . . — Map (db m105972) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 158 — Soda Springs
In this area are a group of springs famous to Oregon Trail travelers, most of whom stopped to try the "acid taste and effervessing gasses" of the waters. Earlier, fur traders often -- less elegantly -- called the place "Beer Springs" after . . . — Map (db m105967) HM
Idaho (Jerome County), Twin Falls — 326 — Emigrant Road
More than a century ago, fur trappers and emigrants followed an old Indian trail that crossed here on its way to Oregon. Hudson's Bay Company traders preferred this route between Fort Hall and Fort Boise, but early emigrant wagons had to . . . — Map (db m31500) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hagerman — 206 — Payne's Ferry
A scow powered by oarsmen let Oregon Trail wagons cross Snake River here from 1852 to 1870. Then Overland Stage service from Boise to a rail terminal in Kelton, Utah was moved to this crossing, and M.E. Payne installed a large (14 by 60 foot) new . . . — Map (db m31653) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hagerman — 204 — Salmon Falls
In 1812, Joseph Miller found 100 lodges of Indians spearing thousands of salmon each afternoon at a cascade below here. Each summer they dried a year's supply. After 1842, they also traded salmon to Oregon Trail emigrants. John C. Fremont marveled . . . — Map (db m31597) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Hansen — 342 — Rock Creek Station
An 1864 overland stage station at Rock Creek, 5 miles south and a mile west of here, offered a desert oasis for 40 years before irrigated farming transformed this area. James Bascom's 1865 store and Herman Stricker's 1900 mansion have been . . . — Map (db m31521) HM
Idaho (Washington County), Cambridge — 185 — Brownlee Ferry
Guiding Oregon Trail emigrants and a party of prospectors who had discovered gold in Boise Basin, Tim Goodale opened a new miners' trail through here in August 1862. A gold rush followed that fall, and John Brownlee operated a ferry here from . . . — Map (db m23227) HM
Illinois (Lee County), Dixon — Lincoln Supports Fremont for President
On June 19, 1856, John Fremont was nominated as the first Republican candidate for President. Fremont, who had explored and pioneered the opening of the west, was a former U.S. Senator from California and an open and vocal opponent of slavery, which . . . — Map (db m78276) HM
Illinois (Ogle County), Polo — Lincoln in Polo
Abraham Lincoln was a guest in this house, August 15-17, 1856. His host was Zenas Aplington, founder of Polo. On Saturday, August 16, John D. Campbell and James W. Carpenter, who were law partners in Polo, joined Lincoln and Aplington in a drive by . . . — Map (db m55803) HM
Indiana (Fulton County), Rochester — Joaquin Miller
Cincinnatus Heiner "Joaquin" Miller, who gained fame in Oregon as America's "Poet of the Sierras", lived from 1848-52 in Newcastle township of Fulton County. His family's home and the rude schoolhouse where he attended classes taught by his father, . . . — Map (db m72512) HM
Kansas (Doniphan County), Highland — 6 — A Dangerous Coexistence
The Oregon-California Trail passed by the mission and trail ruts are still visible to the southeast of the building. Both tribes benefitted from the increased traffic by building a toll bridge. But with the travelers came small pox and cholera, . . . — Map (db m47926) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...anxiety and anticipation in the creak of wagon wheels.Frontier Military Historic Byway
Westward bound settlers crossed and traveled the Frontier Military Road as they headed to new land and new lives. These migrants faced the unknown with anxiety and anticipation in search of a better life. The Sante Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail and . . . — Map (db m33942) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — Alcove Spring Park
Alcove Spring Park consists of more than 200 acres of native prairie and timber land maintained for the preservation of this historic camping ground on the Oregon-California trail and for the enjoyment of our visitors. The park is owned . . . — Map (db m79116) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Scott Spring

The reservoir before you taps into the famous Scott Spring. The original outlet emanates from the base of a steep rock hill to the east. The refreshing water of Scott Spring offered abundant drinking water to many travelers on the Oregon Trail . . . — Map (db m80945) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Blacksmith Shop1873
This log building depicts a small blacksmith shop in the 1800's. A blacksmith created tools, railings, fences, horseshoes, weapons and cooking utensils and was an important and necessary part of pioneer life. Anthony Ward was a wheelwright and . . . — Map (db m65028) HM
Kansas (Washington County), Hanover — 119 — Hollenberg Ranch Pony Express Station
This building, constructed in 1857 by G.H. Hollenberg on his ranch here on the Oregon Trail, was a station on the Pony Express route in 1860-1861. It is believed to be the only such station which has remained unaltered on its original site. — Map (db m53293) HM
Mississippi (Itawamba County), Fulton — 131 — Jimmie Lunceford
Front Jazz bandleader and saxophonist James Melvin “Jimmie” Lunceford was born just outside Fulton on June 6, 1902. He formed his first band, the Chickasaw Syncopators, while teaching at Manassas High School in Memphis in . . . — Map (db m96781) HM
Missouri (Carroll County), Carrollton — General James Shields

Born in County Tyrone, Ireland May 10, 1810 Died June 1, 1879 Rests in St. Mary's Cemetery near Carrollton, Missouri

Soldier · Statesman Jurist · Patriot Brigadier General Mexican War · Civil War Cerro Gordo · Winchester . . . — Map (db m90890) HM WM

Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Valley of OpportunityTo the Headwaters
Settlers came to the Gallatin Valley on the heels of the first Montana gold strike at Grasshopper Creek near Bannack, Montana, in 1862. As Meriwether Lewis had predicted, farmers found the valley well suited for agriculture. They planted crops and . . . — Map (db m29078) HM
Nebraska (Dawson County), Gothenburg — Original Pony Express Station1854
Erected on the Oregon Trail, four miles east of Fort McPherson, Lincoln County, Nebraska, and used as fur trading post and ranch house. 1860 – 61 Used as Pony Express Station. 1862 – 1931 Used as Overland Trail Stage Station, dwelling, . . . — Map (db m86773) HM
Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — Overland Emigrant Trails
This boulder marks the Overland Emigrant Trails through Fremont to Oregon, California, Utah and Colorado Erected Setp. 23, 1912 — Map (db m58554) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Bethlehem — 218 — Pierce Bridge
By 1920 the adjacent road, Rt. 302 was part of the Teddy Roosevelt (TR) Trail, which ran from Maine to Oregon. It was an important way for tourists to access the White Mountains. After the 1927 floods, many bridges needed to be quickly replaced. . . . — Map (db m44289) HM
New York (Westchester County), Sleepy Hollow — Cold Spring
Erected in memory of Gen. John C. Freemont “The Pathfinder” a former resident of Sleepy Hollow. — Map (db m34678) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Kitty Hawk — Take a Boy Fishing in North Carolina
945 lb. Atlantic Blue Marlin 6th largest on record when caught on July 28, 1983 aboard the Carolinian Oregon Inlet, NC Captain Tony Tillett, Mate Bull Tolson Angler Zak Garcia, age 14 of Southern Shores, NC Time of . . . — Map (db m76650) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Manteo — USLSS/USCG Station Pea Island Memorial1880 - 1947 — [Richard Etheridge, 1842 - 1900]
Located south of Oregon Inlet, Lifesaving Station Pea Island was the only unit in the history of the Coast Guard manned by all Black crews. This marker is dedicated to the crews of Pea Island who risked their lives and endured so that others might . . . — Map (db m48610) HM

465 markers matched your search criteria. These linguistically-based search results have been ranked by where matching words were found. Results of different rank are separated by horizontal rules. Within the same rank, results are sorted by state or province; county, parish or shire; town; and title.
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