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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

California Trail Historical Markers

This Trail carried people to California following the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill. Westward to western Wyoming it shares much of its route with the Pony Express Trail, the Oregon Trail, the Mormon Pioneer Trail, and the Union Pacific route of the Transcontinental Railroad.
 
Sebastian County California Gold Seekers Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., January 17, 2016
Sebastian County California Gold Seekers Marker
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — A33 — Sebastian County California Gold Seekers

The emigrant train of Forty-Niners, 5,000 strong, set out from Fort Smith in April, 1849, with an escort of United States [Army] Regulars under the command of Captain R. B. Marcy. — Map (db m92353) HM

California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — First Summit
Below this ridge is what some pioneers dubbed the “Devils Ladder.” A name reflecting the steepness and extreme difficulty that pioneers experienced as they began their ascent over the Sierra Nevada. This climb was usually referred to as . . . — Map (db m21284) HM
California (Alpine County), Kirkwood — Naming of Carson Pass
In February of 1844, John C. Fremont led a group of men over these mountains as they struggled to reach Sutter’s Fort. Little did they know that the pass, which lay 20 to 30 feet under the snow beneath them, would be a major route for the Gold Rush . . . — Map (db m21278) HM
California (Amador County), Kit Carson — Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail
Mormon-Carson Pass Emigrant Trail, the heavily-travelled gateway to California gold fields, was blazed in 1848 by discharged members of the Mormon battalion traveling east to join their families. Five hundred Mormon volunteers, recruited in . . . — Map (db m10824) HM
California (Nevada County), Truckee — Nev.-01-95 — Schallenberger Cabin Site
Near this spot stood a small cabin built by 18 year old Moses Schallenberger and two other men. They were members of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy party of 1844, the first pioneers to take wagons over the Sierra Nevada, opening the Truckee Route of . . . — Map (db m94059) HM
California (Nevada County), Truckee — Stephens – Townsend – Murphy Party of 1844First Pioneer Wagons Over The Sierra Nevada
On May 22, 1844, this small wagon party of 50 men, women and children “jumped off” from Council Bluffs, Iowa, bound for California. These courageous pioneers were the first emigrants to take wagons over the Sierra Nevada, opening the . . . — Map (db m23567) HM
California (Placer County), Soda Springs — T-43 — Truckee Trail - Through Boulder Field
You take off to the left of the valey [sic] (Summit Valley) Travel over much bad road The rock is all through the wood looking like waggons [sic] white cows and sheep Micajah Littleton, Sep 28, 1850 — Map (db m95644) HM
California (San Joaquin County), French Camp — 668 — French Camp
Here was the terminus of the Oregon-California Trail used by the French-Canadian trappers employed by the Hudson’s Bay Company from about 1832 to 1845. Michel La Framboise, among others, met fur trappers here annually where they camped with their . . . — Map (db m15957) HM
California (Santa Clara County), Cupertino — Captain Elisha Stephens1804 - 1887 — A True Pioneer
Captain Stephens brought the first wagons over the snow covered Sierra Nevada Truckee Pass with no casualties in the Stephens-Murphy-Townsend party of 1844, arriving at Sutter's Fort with 11 wagons and 51 people plus 2 infants born on the way. . . . — Map (db m24125) HM
California (Tehama County), Vina — Western Star Lodge No. 2 Free and Accepted Masons
This monument was erected on the 75th anniversary of the date of its charter May 10-th 1923 by Western Star Lodge No. 2 F.& A.M. of Shasta, Calif. The oldest Masonic Chapter in Calif. Granted May 10-th 1848. By the Grand . . . — Map (db m30329) HM
California (Tuolumne County), Sonora — Emigrant Trail Terminus
Sonora was the goal of many emigrants traveling the various overland and sea routes. The 1852 Clark-Skidmore Party of emigrants from Elizabethtown, Ohio and Lawrenceburg, Indiana struggled to force a wagon train up the Walker River and over the . . . — Map (db m7566) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Bancroft — 161 — Hudspeth's Cutoff
In the summer of 1849, the California Gold Rush was diverted this way in search of a more direct route to the mines. Stampeding 49'ers would try anything to save miles and time in their rush for California's gold: the regular Oregon and . . . — Map (db m106774) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Hudspeth Cutoff
Native Americans traveled and camped in the Soda Springs area for centuries before emigrants traveled the Oregon Trail. Sheep Rock (Soda Point) marked the junction of the main route of the Oregon-California Trail and the Hudspeth Cutoff and was . . . — Map (db m106850) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 219 — John Bidwell
In 1840, John Bidwell began to assemble emigrants from Missouri to open a road to California; and a year later, he set out with a party of 69 Pacific Coast pioneers. When they reached here, August 12, 1841, half of this group decided to go . . . — Map (db m106729) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Malta — 169 — Hudspeth's Cutoff
This shortcut to the California goldfields, followed by most of the 49'ers, came out of the hills to the east and joined the old California trail just about here. Opened by "Messrs. Hudspeth & Myers, of the Jackson County, Missouri, Company," who . . . — Map (db m31638) HM
Idaho (Cassia County), Oakley — 344 — City of Rocks
A vast display of towering granite rocks (16 miles southeast of here) attracted emigrants who were on their way to California. A gold rush visitor, July 14, 1849, reported that "you can imagine among these massive piles, church domes, spires, . . . — Map (db m31637) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — BB ID-4 — Bidwell/Bartleson Trail - Small Brook
First Overland Emigrant Party "Left the river on account of the hills which obstructed our way on it, ... Road uncommonly broken, did not reach the river, distance about 4 miles" -- John Bidwell, Saturday, August 14, 1841 "We traveled about . . . — Map (db m105832) HM
Iowa (Pottawattamie County), Underwood — Historic Council Bluffs / Noted Council Bluffs Residents
Marker Front: The Council Bluffs area was the scene of such important events in Iowa history as the explorations of Lewis and Clark, the Mormon Trail, the Missouri River steamboat traffic and the railroad industry. Francois Guittar . . . — Map (db m33290) HM
Iowa (Pottawattamie County), Underwood — Historic Council Bluffs / Noted Council Bluffs Residents
Marker Front: The Council Bluffs area was the scene of such important events in Iowa history as the explorations of Lewis and Clark, the Mormon Trail, the Missouri River steamboat traffic and the railroad industry. Francois Guittar . . . — Map (db m33291) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Gardner — 6 — Overland Trails
Here US-56 lies directly on the route of the Oregon-California and Santa Fe trails. Nearby, the trails branched. On a rough sign pointing northwest were the words, "Road to Oregon." Another marker directed travelers southwest along the road to Santa . . . — Map (db m21669) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Elm Grove Campground
For over three decades starting in 1827, Elm Grove Campground, one mile east of near the bridge on Cedar Creek, was an important frontier camp site. Thousands of Santa Fe traders, Oregon and California emigrants, missionaries, mountain men, soldiers . . . — Map (db m20093) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Lone Elm Campground
Lone Elm is one of the most historic and important frontier trail camp sites in America and was used as a campground and rendezvous point for all three of our nation's great western roads to the frontier.....the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California . . . — Map (db m34334) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Roads To The West
The Santa Fe Trail The Santa Fe Trail began in 1821 when William Becknell led a small group of men on a trading expedition from frontier Missouri to colonial Santa Fe. Mexico had recently declared its independence from Spain and abolished . . . — Map (db m34340) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Trails Westby Eldon Tefft
The oxen and Conestoga wagon sculpture was originally commissioned in 1994 for use at the Kansas Visitors Center at 119th & Strang Line Road. When the Center closed in 2002 the sculpture was awarded to the City of Olathe. The sculpture has been . . . — Map (db m34337) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Westward Ho!
You are traveling in the path of countless men, women, and children who passed this very home in the 1860s! When you turned into the parking lot, you pulled off the Westport Route of the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails. And now, you're . . . — Map (db m34470) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Olathe — Workin' For a Living
Buck and Tip, the Mahaffie oxen, are four years old. They are accurately called "oxen" now that they have reached maturity. Until they reach four years of age, young oxen-in-training are properly referred to as working steers. Weighing in about . . . — Map (db m34514) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Opening the Floodgates

[Inset] "from 'Sappling Grove' where there is an excellent fountain spring & a very good place to camp.. The road runs a little round on the high ridge."

The Santa Fe Trail began in 1821 when William Becknell and a . . . — Map (db m100228) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Two Routes from Westport

The Santa Fe Trail forked into two routes as it headed south from Westport. Along the routes were campgrounds for trail travelers — to the northeast of the junction was Sapling Grove and the southwest was a campground called Flat Rock or . . . — Map (db m100264) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Two Ways West from Westport

Imagine seeing Santa Fe Trail wagon trains coursing through Overland Park! Around you swirls the sights and sounds of wagons creaking, oxen braying, and wagon masters shouting commands. You are standing between two historic branches of the . . . — Map (db m99307) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Overland Park — Voices from the Trail

The Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails proved to be both challenging and exhilarating for the travelers in the caravans passing through this junction along one of the Westport routes. Letters and diaries are filled with adventures and . . . — Map (db m100260) HM

Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — California Road
The California Road Originally a trail through the lands of the Shawnee Indians, running west from Westport through present day Johnson and Douglas Counties, this route was used throughout the 1830's and 1840's by Indians, missionaries, and . . . — Map (db m50612) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — Gum Springs
Located today at 59th Terrace and Bluejacket in the city of Shawnee, Gum Springs was the site of the Shawnee Indian church and meeting house, as well as the location of several excellent springs, all near the intersection of the Fort Leavenworth . . . — Map (db m50693) HM
Kansas (Johnson County), Shawnee — The Development of the Kansas City area Frontier Trails NetworkTrail Map
The Santa Fe Trail went through two decades of change in the Kansas City area before evolving into it's final form by about 1840. In the early years of that decade it also became the route of the Oregon Trail and California Trail. 1821 - . . . — Map (db m50679) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...anxiety and anticipation in the creak of wagon wheels.Frontier Military Historic Byway
Westward bound settlers crossed and traveled the Frontier Military Road as they headed to new land and new lives. These migrants faced the unknown with anxiety and anticipation in search of a better life. The Sante Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail and . . . — Map (db m33942) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — A Quiet and Restful Place
To cross the high western mountains before the fall snow storms arrived, many emigrant wagon trains headed for the Oregon or California territories left Independence, Missouri, in mid April to early May. The downside to leaving too early often . . . — Map (db m79152) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — A Respite In The WildernessAlcove Spring
The water is of the most excellent kind. The spring is surrounded with Ash Cotton wood and Cedar trees. It is an excellent place to camp for a day or two to wash, recruit the cattle etc. I this day cut the name of the spring in the rock on . . . — Map (db m79134) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — Alcove Spring Park
Alcove Spring Park consists of more than 200 acres of native prairie and timber land maintained for the preservation of this historic camping ground on the Oregon-California trail and for the enjoyment of our visitors. The park is owned . . . — Map (db m79116) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — 26 — Alcove Springs & the Oregon Trail
Six miles northwest is Alcove Springs, named in 1846 by appreciative travelers on the Oregon trail who carved the name on the surrounding rocks and trees. One described the Springs as "a beautiful cascade of water... altogether one of the most . . . — Map (db m79113) HM
Kansas (Marshall County), Blue Rapids — The 1840s American DreamAlcove Spring
Stranded by heavy flood waters on the bank of the Big Blue River, 100 members of the Donner and Reed Wagon Train waited for several days anticipating that the spring runoff would begin to subside. Sarah Keyes, James Reed's mother-in-law, . . . — Map (db m79137) HM
Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — Scott Spring

The reservoir before you taps into the famous Scott Spring. The original outlet emanates from the base of a steep rock hill to the east. The refreshing water of Scott Spring offered abundant drinking water to many travelers on the Oregon Trail . . . — Map (db m80945) HM

Kansas (Pottawatomie County), Westmoreland — 20 — The California - Oregon Trail

From the 1830's to the 1870's, the 2,000-mile road connecting Missouri river towns with California and Oregon was America's greatest transcontinental highway. Several routes led west from the river, converging into one trail by the time the . . . — Map (db m80927) HM

Missouri (Buchanan County), Saint Joseph — Saint Joseph
(Front): Renowned city of the Pony Express, St. Joseph was first settled as a trading post for the American Fur Company by Joseph Robidoux, 1826. Later he acquired the site and laid out a town in 1843. St. Joseph became an outfitting point . . . — Map (db m4989) HM
Missouri (Buchanan County), Saint Joseph — The California - Oregon Trail1840s & 1850s
Each spring thousands of emigrants camped in these hills and meadows waiting for new grass to support their teams along the trail. Wagons lined St. Joseph streets to the east waiting for two to three days to be ferried from this point. The settlers . . . — Map (db m47467) HM
Missouri (Buchanan County), Saint Joseph — The Journey West
After the 1848 discovery of gold in California, more than 100,000 sturdy Americans passed through St. Joseph on their way west in quest of wealth, opportunity and better lives. The "Gold Rush" began and those who followed the "Star of Empire" . . . — Map (db m47479) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — McCoy's Trading Post
Near this point John McCoy built a log trading post in 1833 which launched the settlement of Westport, with the town becoming the westernmost point of American civilization. From Westport, the Santa Fe, California, and Oregon Trails reached out as . . . — Map (db m21064) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — New Santa Fe / Trail Remnants
(black marker) New Santa Fe, also known as Little Santa Fe, was not much more than an Indian settlement when the first wagon trains passed through on the Santa Fe Trail in the early 1820's. A popular stopping place because of its grass, . . . — Map (db m20724) HM
Missouri (Jackson County), Kansas City — Santa Fe TrailCamino de Santa Fe — 1821 - 1880
(limestone marker) "A Highway Between Nations" Sen. Thomas Hart Benton, 1825 (red granite marker) Santa Fe Trail 1821 - 1872 Marked by the Daugters of the American Revolution and the State of Missouri 1909 . . . — Map (db m20610) HM
Nebraska (Morrill County), Lisco — 296 — Narcissa Whitman
Narcissa Whitman, trail-blazer and martyred missionary, is one of the great heroines of the frontier West. In 1836 she and Eliza Spalding, following the north side of the Platte on horseback, became the first white women to cross the American . . . — Map (db m39706) HM
Nevada (Churchill County), Lovelock — About Your Journey ...
Whichever direction your travels take you, you're going to have a similar experience to what the California-bound emigrants had. You're going to see the same country, except for the towns and the ranch meadows. The big difference, though, is that . . . — Map (db m67359) HM
Nevada (Churchill County), Lovelock — 26 — Forty Mile Desert
The 40 Mile Desert, beginning here, is a barren stretch of waterless alkali wasteland. It was the most dreaded section of the California Emigrant Trail. If possible, it was traveled by night because of the great heat. The route was first . . . — Map (db m67348) HM
Nevada (Churchill County), Lovelock — Traveling Through Hell
Look at the barren country south of here just beyond this Rest Stop. This is the Forty-Mile Desert--a barren stretch of waterless alkali wasteland. It was the single-most dreaded section of the entire California Trail from the banks of the Missouri . . . — Map (db m67357) HM
Nevada (Douglas County), Genoa — About Your Journey...On the Trail Today
Whichever direction your travels take you, you’re going to have a similar experience to what the California-bound immigrants had. You’re going to see the same country, except for the towns and ranch meadows. The big difference, though, is that . . . — Map (db m98183) HM
Nevada (Douglas County), Genoa — We Made It! The End of the Great BasinGenoa - Mormon Station — California Trail
You’re now standing at the western edge of the Great Basin. If you were an emigrant headed to California, you would have entered the Great Basin 450 miles back along the trail in southern Idaho, or 500 miles back in Salt Lake City if you had taken . . . — Map (db m98142) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — About Your Journey ...
Whichever direction your travels take you, you're going to have a similar experience to what the California-bound emigrants had. You're going to see the same country, except for the towns and the ranch meadows. The big difference, though, is that . . . — Map (db m67507) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — C-38 — California Trail - Greenhorn Cutoff
About two miles southwest of this marker, the Greenhorn Cutoff ascended and wound through the hills for about twelve miles to avoid river crossings in Carlin Canyon. — Map (db m70353) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — Hoppe-Lienhard Wagon Group
This site is approximately 2½ miles from the Humboldt wagon trail. Hoppe-Lienhard traveled west with the Harlan-Young wagon train in 1847 to Fort Sutter. History reveals this party was part of the group which was responsible for the California . . . — Map (db m67461) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — Marking TimeSometimes time stands still !
California Trail ruts and swales wind across Northern Nevada some touched only by the forces of nature since they were made by emigrant wagon trains on their way west in the mid 1800s. Many of these irreplaceable historic trail segments lie on . . . — Map (db m67505) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — The California Emigrant Trail Interpretive Center
You are at the entrance to The National California Emigrant Trail Interpretive Center. The purpose of the center is to gather and display historical knowledge about the emigrants who made the trek to California in the 1840s, 1850s, and 1860s. . . . — Map (db m67509) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — The End of the Hastings Cutoff
Across the valley you can see the canyon of the South Fork River, a major tributary to the Humboldt River. This portal is also the western end of the infamous Hastings Cutoff, which rejoined the main California Trail not far from the California . . . — Map (db m67506) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — The Humboldt River Highway
The California Emigrant Trail extended approximately 2,000 miles from the Missouri River to California. Today you are standing on a segment of the trail that followed the Humboldt River for about 280 miles across northern Nevada. It was the only . . . — Map (db m67508) HM
Nevada (Elko County), Elko — 3 — West End of Hastings Cutoff
     Across the Humboldt Valley southward from this point a deeply incised canyon is seen opening into the valley. Through that canyon along the South Fork of the Humboldt ran the disaster-laden route called the Hastings Cutoff. It joined the . . . — Map (db m67460) HM
Nevada (Eureka County), Carlin — A Tale of Two Highways
You have arrived at this place by driving east on Interstate Highway 80. Did you know that since entering Nevada you have been traveling along the route of the historic California Trail? From 1843 to 1869, an estimated 250,000 people made the trek . . . — Map (db m67441) HM
Nevada (Eureka County), Carlin — About Your Journey ...
Whichever direction your travels take you, you're going to have a similar experience to what the California-bound emigrants had. You're going to see the same country, except for the towns and the ranch meadows. The big difference, though, is that . . . — Map (db m67440) HM
Nevada (Eureka County), Carlin — Gravely Ford
7 miles southeast of here was a favorite pioneer crossing of the Humboldt River, Gravely Ford. Campsite of the Donner Party, here occurred the Snyder-Reed fight, as Snyder lashed at Reed he missed and hit Reed's wife. Reed then killed Snyder. Reed . . . — Map (db m67443) HM
Nevada (Humboldt County), Winnemucca — About Your Journey ...
Whichever direction your travels take you, you're going to have a similar experience to what the California-bound emigrants had. You're going to see the same country, except for the towns and the ranch meadows. The big difference, though, is that . . . — Map (db m67431) HM
Nevada (Humboldt County), Winnemucca — C-61 — California Trail - Humboldt Sloughs
"The water is warm and tastes but little better than soap suds. We use acid in all the water we drink, by that means we manage to get along, although we are all anxious to get off this river" - Ephriam Brandiff, Aug. 16, 1852 — Map (db m70354) HM
Nevada (Humboldt County), Winnemucca — C-62 — California Trail - Trading Post
"Saw in this distance a flag flying denoting a trading post, rode over to it but found the most they had to sell was very poor whiskey. ... These traders get a great price for everything they sell." - Henry S. Anable, Aug. 25, 1852 — Map (db m70355) HM
Nevada (Washoe County), Reno — T.R.R. 13 — Emigrant Trail - Truckee River Route
Emigrants including Donner Party camped in this area to rest and refresh their stock. — Map (db m94435) HM
Nevada (Washoe County), Reno — 253 — Emigrant-Donner Camp
Upon entering the Truckee Meadows along the Truckee River, thousands of California-bound emigrants turned their wagons southwest to avoid extensive marshes and uncrossable sloughs. Here at the base of Rattlesnake Mountain the emigrants established a . . . — Map (db m94434) HM
Texas (Cooke County), Gainesville — The Old California Trail1849 - 1931
This tablet marks The Old California Trail blazed by the pioneers of '49 — Map (db m96076) HM
Utah (Summit County), Coalville — Echo Canyon
Historic Corridor Modern roads and highways often follow historic transportation corridors. In the mid 1800s, the California, Mormon Pioneer, and Pony Express Trails all passed through this canyon. Today, Interstate 80 in Echo Canyon . . . — Map (db m67627) HM
Utah (Tooele County), Wendover — HU-21 — Hastings Cutoff - Barren Mountains
"The roads were gravelly round the end of some high rocks. Barren mountains (Silver Island)." -- Robert Chalmers, July 27, 1850 — Map (db m105241) HM
Utah (Tooele County), Wendover — The Donner-Reed Party
passed this way on the 2nd of September 1846, having lost 36 oxen, several wagons, and suffered much. "Don't look for SHORT-CUTS" — Map (db m105246) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Natural Bridge and the Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail crosses LaPrele Creek about one mile downstream from Natural Bridge. Before the modern road was built into the gorge, Natural Bridge was difficult to access, and it was only rarely visited by emigrants of the covered wagon era. From . . . — Map (db m71495) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Ice Slough
Ice Slough is a small stream that flows into the Sweetwater River five miles east of here. In front of this point is a slough (i.e. a marsh or shallow un-drained depression). This slough gave the name to the stream east of here. In the "Ice Slough" . . . — Map (db m62076) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Split Rock
Originally called the Emigrant Road, the Oregon Trail was the main route of westward expansion from 1812 to 1869. An estimated 500,000 people journeyed past here in search of new lands and new lives in the West. Because of its unique shape, . . . — Map (db m62092) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Split Rock
Split Rock was a relay station during the turbulent 18 month life of the Pony Express. The Express operated at a gallop, speeding mail across the West in only 10 days. However, because of the "talking wire," its days were numbered. The telegraph . . . — Map (db m69603) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Jeffrey City — Split Rock Meadows
Shoshone, Arapaho, Crow and Sioux Indians occupied this pleasant valley long before the Oregon Trail, which changed their cultures and life styles forever. This led to tragic warfare and the eventual loss of country they had called their own. . . . — Map (db m69602) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — South PassOn Top of the World
From where you're standing South Pass doesn't look all that remarkable. But compared to the rugged Wind River Mountains, it can easily be recognized as a type of gateway. Nevertheless, crossing the Continental Divide into "Oregon Country" was a . . . — Map (db m67020) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — South Pass
Even after the discovery of South Pass in 1824, it was years before the route was used extensively. Fur trapper/trader William Sublette brought a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. While his party did not take wagons over the pass, they . . . — Map (db m67021) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — The Corridor West
The trail over South Pass is a transportation corridor which served many purposes. In addition to being the route to Oregon and California, it was used by Mormon pioneers and by the Pony Express. A great exodus to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 . . . — Map (db m67019) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — The Way West
With South Pass behind them, Oregon and California-bound travelers faced the second half of their journey. The roughest travel was yet to come. From Missouri to South Pass, emigrants were able to follow rivers. But from South Pass to Oregon and . . . — Map (db m67018) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), La Barge — Seeds-Kee-Dee-Agie, Spanish River, Rio Verde, Green River
To the Shoshone Indian, this river was the Seeds-Kee-Dee Agie (Prairie Chicken River). On Sept. 16 1811, the Astorians near its headwaters termed it the Spanish River. To the Spaniards, far to the south, it was the Rio Verde (Green River). Jedediah . . . — Map (db m36659) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Frederick Richard Fulkerson
The grave of F.R. Fulkerson was noted by forty-niner J.G. Bruff on July 26, 1849, as he traveled through what he termed "Pass of the Rattle-Snake Mountain to the left of Devil's Gate." The survival of the large granite boulder used as the Fulkerson . . . — Map (db m66997) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — Independence Rock
Thousands who traveled the Oregon Trail in central Wyoming were unaware that they were the beneficiaries of a long series of geological events. The granite peaks around you are mountains that rose, sank and then were buried in sand and ashy . . . — Map (db m62149) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — "Parting of the Ways"
This marks a fork in the trail, right to Oregon, left to Utah and California. 1812, Robert Stuart and eastbound Astorians used South Pass gateway. 1824, Eleven westbound Ashley-Henry men led by Jedediah Smith and Thomas Fitzpatrick. . . . — Map (db m67035) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — Parting of the Ways
Trail ruts at this site were mistakenly identified as the Parting-of-the-Ways where emigrant parties separated on their journeys to Oregon, California, or Utah. The actual Parting-of-the-Ways is approximately 10 miles west of this spot. Where . . . — Map (db m67034) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Farson — The Parting of the Ways
In July 1844 the California bound Stevens-Townsend-Murphy wagon train, guided by Isaac Hitchcock and 81-year old Caleb Greenwood, passed this point and continued nine and one half miles southwest from here, to a place destined to become prominent in . . . — Map (db m67036) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — "Graves" of the Unknown Emigrants
Graves were an all-to-frequent reminder of the dangers of overland travel. Most emigrant journals record death, burial, or passing graves during the day's travel. Most burials along the trail were hasty affairs. The official Company Journal of . . . — Map (db m67045) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Burial on the Trail
Death on the trail did not allow for the fineries of the funerals back home. Emigrants made do with materials available. Black would adorn the clothes of mourners, and care would be taken to provide the best funeral possible. The most travelers . . . — Map (db m67044) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Continuing the Journey West
Just a few miles from where you're standing, the emigrants would come to the first of several trail "splits" that would take them to a crossing on the Green River where they would camp for the evening. Even with South Pass behind them, Oregon . . . — Map (db m67043) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Death on the Trail
Death was a constant companion for emigrants headed west. It is estimated that 10,000 to 30,000 people died and were buried along the trails between 1843 and 1869. Cholera and other diseases were the most common cause of death. People didn't . . . — Map (db m67046) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Emigrant/Indian Relations
Relations between emigrants using the trails and the Indians were inconsistent during the migration period. While hostile acts and violent confrontation did occur, they have been overemphasized in trail history. During the early migration period of . . . — Map (db m67049) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — Pilot Butte & "Graves" of the Unknown Emigrants
Welcome to the Pilot Butte Emigrant Trails Interpretive Site. The purpose of the site is to help you gain a sense of what life was like for the 400,000 emigrants who left their homes to seek a new life in the West. They were seeking wealth, . . . — Map (db m67042) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Farson — The Lombard Ferry
This site of the Lombard Ferry was one of the most used crossings on the Green River, lasting from about 1843 into the early 1900s. First established by mountain men, it was operated by Mormons in the 1850s during the peak years of the westward . . . — Map (db m88473) HM

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