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Natchez Trace Historical Markers

The Natchez Trace was a historical path that extended nearly 500 miles from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee and was used as a main route of travel from pre-colonial times to the early 1800s. This series includes markers about the Natchez Trace and markers located along the Natchez Trace Parkway.
 
A Chickasaw Planter Marker image, Touch for more information
By Sandra Hughes, August 18, 2017
A Chickasaw Planter Marker
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — A Chickasaw PlanterNatchez Trace Parkway
During the early 1800s, a slave-owning planter class including George Colbert’s family, emerged among the Chickasaw. George’s success stemmed from a variety of endeavors. He fought with the Americans against the Shawnee and Creeks, traveled to . . . — Map (db m107261) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Bridging CulturesNatchez Trace Parkway
Here, near the bubbling waters of Buzzard Roost Spring, Levi Colbert (Itawamba Minko, “Bench Chief”) built one of the many inns—called stands—along the Natchez Trace. But it was Colbert’s negotiating and language skills . . . — Map (db m107265) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Chickasaw HospitalityNatchez Trace Parkway
George Colbert's stand sat atop the ridge before you. As one of many inns that dotted the Trace between Nashville and Natchez, it provided travelers with food and lodging. With a Scottish father and Chickasaw mother, George Colbert used his . . . — Map (db m107260) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Colbert Ferry
This scene would have occurred far below the surface of the lake you see now. From 1802 to 1819, George Colbert operated a ferry across the quarter-mile breadth of the powerful Tennessee River. The ferry carried mail, militia, settlers, Indians and . . . — Map (db m84705) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Colbert's Stand
George Colbert operated a ferry across the Tennessee River from 1800 to 1819. His stand or inn offered travelers a warm meal and shelter during their journey on the Old Trace. Colbert looked after his own well-being and once charged Andrew Jackson . . . — Map (db m69630) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — George Colbert Memorial
This monument is to memorialize Chickasaw Chief George Colbert who operated a river ferry, traveler’s stand, and had a home on this Natchez Trace site. Colbert Co. AL was named in his honor. — Map (db m84706) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Levi Colbert Stand
Levi Colbert, a Chickasaw Chief, operated a stand near here that served Old Trace travelers in the early 1800's. Adjacent to this area was a spring which provided an abundant water supply. — Map (db m84708) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Safe CrossingNatchez Trace Parkway
In the early 1800s, ferries like the one George Colbert ran near here on the Tennessee River linked segments of the Natchez Trace. Ferries carried people across the river—for a fee. Post riders, Kaintucks, military troops, casual travelers, . . . — Map (db m107258) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Something to Chew onNatchez Trace Parkway
Inns, or stands, provided occasional shelter for travelers along the Natchez Trace. These stands offered flood to eat and food for thought: local news, information, and ideas. The ever-changing mix of diverse populations—whites, American . . . — Map (db m107263) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Trace TravelersNatchez Trace Parkway
Frontier America once walked along the Natchez Trace. The Chickasaw and Choctaw used the Trace for transportation and trade. After 1801, with tribal permission, post riders who rode the Trace connected isolated settlements in Mississippi and . . . — Map (db m107257) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Welcome!Natchez Trace Parkway
The Natchez Trace Parkway is designed to encourage leisurely exploration of the history and beauty of Old Southwest. Here are a few pointers to make your trip more enjoyable. Regulations and Safety Obey posted speed limits. Be alert for . . . — Map (db m107254)
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Wet, Wild, and Wonderful
Alabama’s Winter Waterfowl The Tennessee River Valley is the winter home for thousands of waterfowl. These birds migrate from across the northern US and Canada down through the center of the continent to the Tennessee River. Careful . . . — Map (db m107253) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Driven Up The WatersNatchez Trace Parkway
The Trail of Tears led groups of Cherokee up the Tennessee River here. The Cherokee are one of southeastern tribes who were relocated to Oklahoma due to the US Indian removal policy in the 1830s. During removal, most Cherokee went by land, but . . . — Map (db m107267) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Waterloo — Rock Spring
Rock Spring Nature Trail offers you an opportunity to explore a small natural spring as it bubbles forth from the ground. Small fish dart about a deep pool created as the stream wandered through rich bottomland soil and limestone rock. Vegetation . . . — Map (db m84703) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — DAR And The Natchez Trace
Mrs. Egbert Jones and Mrs. Ferriday Byrnes, members of the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), played important roles in the development of the Natchez Trace Parkway. Mrs. Jones, of Holly Springs, State Regent 1906 . . . — Map (db m42629) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — Origin of the Natchez Trace
After the American Revolution, frontiersmen from the Ohio Valley carried their products down stream to Spanish controlled New Orleans and Natchez. Returning home, boatmen followed a series of Indian trails from Natchez to Nashville—trails . . . — Map (db m87224) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The Natchez Trace
Marked by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Mississippi 1909. This historic thoroughfare from Natchez to Nashville, Tenn. was used as a mail route in 1796. Although it was a well known Indian trail in far earlier days. — Map (db m4555) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — A National Road
(Marker #1) A National Road Natchez in the extreme south-western corner of the United States was threatened by Spain in 1800 and later by France and Great Britain. President Jefferson in 1801 decided that a road from Nashville . . . — Map (db m87267) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Emerald Mound
Before you is the second largest temple mound in the United States. Only Monks Mound in Cahokia, Illinois, is larger. This eight acre mound, constructed from a natural hill, was built and used from about 1300 to 1600 by the Mississippians, ancestors . . . — Map (db m61974) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Emerald Mound
Before you is a 30 foot secondary mound on which once stood a temple containing sacred Indian images. Archeological evidence indicates that at least two small mounds stood along the North and South sides of the primary platform. These mounds . . . — Map (db m87272) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Loess Bluff
This bluff shows a deep deposit of windblown topsoil known as loess (pronounced LOW–ess). It was formed during the Ice Age when glaciers covered the northern half of the United States.    At this time nearly continuous duststorms swept in . . . — Map (db m62182) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Stanton — Old Trace
Across the Parkway behind you is a portion of the Old Natchez Trace - - a wilderness road that originated from a series of trails used by the southeastern Indian tribes. The Natchez Trace was politically, economically, socially, and militarily . . . — Map (db m87265) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Washington — Elizabeth Female Academy
First school for women chartered by Mississippi Legislature located here. Elizabeth Roach led in organization. School was important from 1818-1843. — Map (db m87231) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Washington — Elizabeth Female Academy
The Natchez Trace was still active and Mississippi had just become a state when the Elizabeth Female Academy opened its doors in November of 1818. Much can be learned about the culture of early Mississippi here in the community of Washington. As the . . . — Map (db m87232) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Washington — Site of Elizabeth Female College
First women’s college in America chartered on Feb. 17, 1819 to confer degrees on women. Named in honor of Elizabeth Roach, through whose generosity the College was made possible. Audubon was on the faculty. — Map (db m87235) HM
Mississippi (Attala County), French Camp — Bethel Mission
About half a mile northwesterly, Bethel, meaning “House of God” was opened in 1822 as one of thirteen Choctaw mission stations. Indians, slaves, and other men “labored hard during four weeks ... frequently till 10 o’clock at night, . . . — Map (db m87479) HM
Mississippi (Attala County), French Camp — Cole Creek
Forests are fascinating places – whole new worlds unfold to anyone who takes time to explore them.      Across Cole Creek you will find a typical mixed hardwood forest. Here you can discover for yourself the many marvels in a bottomland . . . — Map (db m87477)
Mississippi (Attala County), Kosciusko — Hurricane Creek
Plants need water as much as men need money. Some are satisfied with little; some cannot flourish unless they have a lot; the majority can live contentedly with medium amounts.      From here, a trail descends to the vegetation that thrives in the . . . — Map (db m87476)
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Houston — Bynum Mounds
(Marker #1) Prehistoric Trade Raw materials and articles from distant areas reached the Indians of the Bynum site by trade along trails that were the forerunners of the Natchez Trace.
  • Spool-shaped objects made of . . . — Map (db m84830) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Houston — Natchez Trace Through Chickasaw County
This monument marks the Natchez Trace through Chickasaw County. By the Treaty of Pontotoc in 1832, the Chickasaw Indians ceded to the United States their lands east of the Mississippi. In 1801-1802 the old Indian trail was converted into a wagon . . . — Map (db m97567) HM
Mississippi (Chickasaw County), Woodland — Old Trace
Preserved here is a portion of a nearly 200-year old road – the Old Natchez Trace. Maintaining this 500-mile long wilderness road in the early 1800's was a difficult if not hopeless task.      As you look down the sunken trench note the . . . — Map (db m84832) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — Jeff Busby Park
On February 15, 1934, while serving as U.S. Congressman from Mississippi, Thomas Jefferson Busby (1884-1964) introduced a bill authorizing a survey of the Old Natchez Trace. Four years later the historic road was designated a unit of the National . . . — Map (db m87481) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Ackerman — The Great Eastern Hardwood Forest
(Marker #1) The Great Eastern Hardwood Forest Before Columbus, the world of the eastern Indian was one of a vast continuous forest stretching from Canada to the Gulf coast. A mature forest, it changed little over the centuries, and . . . — Map (db m87480) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), French Camp — French Camp
Louis Leflore first traded with the Choctaw Indians at a bluff now part of Jackson Mississippi. About 1812 he established his stand 900 feet to the northeast on the Natchez Trace.      Because of the storekeepers nationality, the area was often . . . — Map (db m87485) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), French Camp — Natchez Trace at French Camp
This memorial marks a stage on the “Natchez Trace.” The first highway opened through the lower South, by the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830, between the American government and the Choctaw Indians. The surrounding country became . . . — Map (db m87495) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Mathiston — Pigeon Roost
Pigeon Roost Creek, to your left, is a reminder of the millions of migrating passenger pigeons that once roosted in trees in this area. The species has been completely destroyed.      One mile east where the Natchez Trace crossed the creek, . . . — Map (db m87484) HM
Mississippi (Choctaw County), Mathiston — The Old Natchez Trace
In the early 1800's many thoughtful Americans believed that isolation and the difficulties of communication would force the Mississippi Valley settlements to form a separate nation. Hoping to hold the frontier, Congress in 1800 established a post . . . — Map (db m87483) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Hermanville — The Old Natchez Trace
This is the Natchez Trace. For many years it served man well, but as with many things when its usefulness passed, it was abandoned. Over the years, this time-worn path has been a silent witness to honor and dishonor. It bears the prints of . . . — Map (db m87357) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Hermanville — The Town of Rocky Springs
At the end of this trail is evidence of a once thriving rural community. First settled in the late 1790's, the town grew from a watering place along the Natchez Trace, and took its name from the source of that water -- the Rocky Spring. In 1860, a . . . — Map (db m80147) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Grindstone Ford
This ford marked the beginning of the wilderness of the Choctaw nation and the end of the old Natchez District. Nearby Fort Deposit was a supply depot for troops clearing the Trace in 1801-02, and troops were assembled here during the Burr . . . — Map (db m61981) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Mangum Mound
Excavation of this site tells us much about the people of the late prehistoric periods. The Plaquemine culture included the ancestors of the modern tribes of Mississippi and Louisiana. It was a society with elaborate agriculturally oriented . . . — Map (db m87325) HM
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Owens Creek
The sounds of a busy woodland stream and the quiet murmur of a lazy waterfall have long been stilled here. Only after a heavy rainfall does water fill the stream and set the waterfall singing.      Over the years the water table has dropped . . . — Map (db m87327)
Mississippi (Claiborne County), Port Gibson — Sunken Trace
Preserved here is a portion of the deeply eroded or “sunken” Old Trace. Hardships of journeying on the Old Trace included heat, mosquitoes, poor food, hard beds (if any), disease, swollen rivers, and sucking swamps.      Take 5 . . . — Map (db m87313) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Cowles Mead Cemetery
Like many of his generation, Mead came from the east seeking opportunity in the Mississippi Territory. He owned a tavern on the Old Trace near Natchez and held several political offices, including acting governor in 1806. During this time, he . . . — Map (db m69679) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Clinton — Indian Trading Post
Operated at junction of Natchez Trace & Old Vicksburg Rd. by Robert H. Bell (1783-1835) & his "yellow man Vincent," freed by Bell's will in 1835. Bell-Vincent Scholarship, Millsaps College, endowed with funds from the sale of this land, memorializes . . . — Map (db m50873) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Jackson — Osburn Stand
To improve communication to the Old Southwest, the Natchez Trace was declared a post road in 1800. Afterwards, with Choctaw permission, improvements to this section of the Old Trace began. In 1805, the Choctaw allowed inns, known as stands, to be . . . — Map (db m87361) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Battle of Raymond
By the time of the Civil War, the Natchez Trace had lost its significance as a national road. One of the sections ran from Port Gibson toward Jackson but the route veered from the original Trace to reach Raymond. In the spring of 1863, General U.S. . . . — Map (db m87360) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Raymond — Deans Stand
The Treaty of Doaks Stand, 1820, opened this land to white settlement. Land was quickly claimed, and pioneer families established themselves in this wilderness. William Dean and his wife Margaret settled near here on the Old Natchez Trace in 1823. . . . — Map (db m87359) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Utica — Lower Choctaw Boundary
(Left Panel) Lower Choctaw Boundary      The line of trees to your left has been a boundary for 200 years. It was established in 1765 and marked the eastern limits of the Old Natchez District. This boundary ran from a point 12 . . . — Map (db m87312) HM
Mississippi (Itawamba County), Kirkville — Donivan Slough
This woodland trail takes you through a lowland where rich soil and abundant moisture support a variety of large, water-tolerant trees including tulip poplar, sycamore, and water oak.      Baldcypress thrive in the swampy backwaters of a . . . — Map (db m84763)
Mississippi (Itawamba County), Kirkville — Donivan SloughNatchez Trace Parkway
Named after an early setter, Donivan Slough is fed by water runoff from the field in front of you. Although water levels fluctuate seasonally at this site, it remains wet year round. This moist environment allows unique growing opportunities for . . . — Map (db m107283) HM
Mississippi (Jefferson County), Fayette — Bullen Creek
Before your very eyes an endless struggle is taking place. Trees are striving here for the essentials of life – water, sunlight and space. Trying to get ahead, the hardwoods push upward, their crowns filling all the overhead space, shutting . . . — Map (db m87285)
Mississippi (Jefferson County), Stanton — Mount Locust
(Marker #1) Mount Locust as an Inn Growing traffic on the Trace gave Ferguson opportunity to develop Mount Locust. After 1795, the Mississippi was legally opened for American traffic. Settlers floated their products downriver . . . — Map (db m87276) HM
Mississippi (Jefferson County), Stanton — Mount Locust
Constructed ca. 1780, this home is one of the oldest structures in Mississippi. It functioned as both a working plantation and as an inn, where travelers on the Natchez Trace could rest for the night. Mount Locust is the only surviving inn of the . . . — Map (db m87277) HM
Mississippi (Leake County), Carthage — Meet the Beaver
(Marker #1) Meet the Beaver A member of the rodent family that has adapted itself to work and live both on land and in the water. Beavers are large, weighing up to 60 pounds in Mississippi. Squat and with a low center of . . . — Map (db m87489)
Mississippi (Leake County), Carthage — Red Dog Road
The road to your left, running to Canton, Mississippi, was opened in 1834 and named for Choctaw Indian Chief Ofahoma or Red Dog. Like other Choctaw, he had accepted the way of his European neighbors and had become a farmer.      Chief Ofahoma . . . — Map (db m87488) HM
Mississippi (Leake County), Carthage — Robinson Road
The road crossing the Parkway follows the Robinson Road which was built in 1821; nearly all of it passing through the country of the Choctaw Indians. It joined Jackson, Mississippi, and Columbus, center of the “settlements on the . . . — Map (db m87487) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Twentymile Bottom
Twentymile Bottom, now cultivated, was typical of the many low areas along streams through which the Natchez Trace passed.      In 1812 Reverend John Johnson stopped at Old Factors Stand, near this bottom, and wrote this account of bottomland . . . — Map (db m84764) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Saltillo — Old TraceNational Park Service — Natchez Trace Parkway
Much of the Old Trace had been abandoned by the start of the civil war. However, the war did leave its mark on the Trace as it did upon the rest of the South, as soldiers marched, camped and fought along portions of this historic old road. A 5 . . . — Map (db m61803) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Shannon — Black Belt
Ages ago this area was under an arm of the ocean. Shells and other marine organisms were deposited to form the limestone seen here.      Exposure of the limestone to all types of weathering gradually changed it into a heavy fertile soil of various . . . — Map (db m84816) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Chickasaw Village Site
(Marker #1) A Chickasaw Village Here once stood an Indian village of several houses and a fort. Summer House During the summer they lived in rectangular well-ventilated houses. Winter House In the winter . . . — Map (db m84809) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Natchez Trace at Lee County
This monument marks a stage in the course of the Natchez Trace through Mississippi. Over this first high-road came a tide of the best population of the older Southern states seeking homes in the Southwest. After the Treaty of Pontotoc, Oct. 20, . . . — Map (db m84800) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Old Town Creek
In the early 1800's ordinary Americans could not be bothered with learning the names of Chickasaw villages on the Natchez Trace. One they called Old Town, and passed the name on to the stream running through this valley. It is one of the sources of . . . — Map (db m84799) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Canton — Choctaw Boundary
(Left Panel) Doaks Stand      About 1812 William Doak established his stand or tavern on the Natchez Trace which is five miles north of the Parkway at this point. The Treaty of Doaks Stand was signed there in 1820.      Because . . . — Map (db m87493) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Canton — Natchez Trace at Madisonville
This monument marks the Natchez Trace over which our pioneer ancestors came to Mississippi. It is located on the site of Madisonville, an early county seat of Madison County. Erected by the Mississippi Daughters of the American Revolution, . . . — Map (db m87496) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Canton — Southern Pines
Pine forests of the south played a major role in the growth of the Nation and have become a southern economic mainstay along with soybeans, cotton, and other agricultural products. Today, through reforestation and management as a crop, pines produce . . . — Map (db m87492)
Mississippi (Madison County), Canton — Tupelo–Baldcypress Swamp
Water tupelo and baldcypress trees can live in deep water for long periods. After taking root in summer when the swamp is nearly dry, the seedlings can stay alive in water deep enough to kill other plants.      This trail leads through an . . . — Map (db m87490)
Mississippi (Madison County), Madison — Boyd Site
Archeologists tell us there was a house here sometime around 500 A.D. and that the pottery found in the mounds was made before 700 A.D. Likely, the population was continuous over centuries with customs being handed from generation to generation, . . . — Map (db m87364) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Madison — West Florida Boundary
At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Great Britain gained control of the territory between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River except for the New Orleans area. The northern boundary of West Florida was first established at 31° . . . — Map (db m87366) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Ridgeland — Choctaw Agency
U.S. agents like Silas Dinsmoor lived among the Choctaw and represented their interests while implementing U.S. policy. His duties included surveying and preventing illegal settlement on Choctaw land. He also encouraged the Choctaw to be more . . . — Map (db m87362) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Ridgeland — Old Trace
Two portions of a nearly 200 year old wilderness road, the Old Natchez Trace, are preserved here. Nearly 500 miles long, it grew from Indian trails to a national road and communications link between the Old Southwest and the United States to the . . . — Map (db m87363) HM
Mississippi (Madison County), Sandhill — Pearl River
In 1698 the French explorer, Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville, sailed into the mouth of this river and found pearls. He named it "River of Pearls." The Natchez Trace, a hundred years later, avoided the marshy lowlands by following the ridge . . . — Map (db m86031) HM
Mississippi (Pontotoc County), New Houlka — Chickasaw Agency
The United States agents to the Chickasaws lived from 1802 to 1825 west of here on the Old Natchez Trace.      That Americans could peacefully travel the road through Indian lands was due in large measure to the agents. Their efforts to preserve . . . — Map (db m84821) HM
Mississippi (Pontotoc County), New Houlka — Hernando de Soto
Somewhere in this vicinity, the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto crossed the animal paths that later became the Natchez Trace. In 1539, he set out on a long arduous journey that took him across the Southeastern United States. He crossed the . . . — Map (db m84820) HM
Mississippi (Pontotoc County), New Houlka — Monroe Mission Station
At Monroe Mission Station northwest of here, the Chickasaws first received Christianity and education in 1822. Five years later, 100 acres were under cultivation and 81 pupils were attending the school. Boys learned farming and carpentry, and girls . . . — Map (db m84819) HM
Mississippi (Pontotoc County), Shannon — Chickasaw Council House
Westerly on the Natchez Trace stood an Indian village “Pontatock” with its council house which, in the 1820's, became the “Capitol” of the Chickasaw Nation.      The chiefs and headmen met there to sign treaties or to . . . — Map (db m84817) HM
Mississippi (Pontotoc County), Shannon — Tockshish
Named for a Chickasaw word meaning “tree root,” Tockshish was a community of Indians and white men on the Natchez Trace to the northwest. John McIntosh, British agent to the Choctaws, first settled there before 1770.      In 1801, . . . — Map (db m84818) HM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), New Site — Pharr Mounds
Pharr Mounds is the largest and most important archeological site in northern Mississippi. Eight large, dome-shaped burial mounds are scattered over an area of 90 acres (100 football fields). These mounds were built and used about 1-200 A.D. by a . . . — Map (db m35764) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Belmont — Jamie L. Whitten Historic Landmark
The parkway bridge is named in honor of United States Representative Jamie L. Whitten who for years fought for funds in Congress to complete the Natchez Trace Parkway and the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway. His vision helped make possible this . . . — Map (db m84731) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Belmont — River, Canal and Cut
The Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway has three main parts. The largest section from Demopolis, Alabama, north to Amory, Mississippi, utilizes the Tombigbee River but changes and shortens the existing channel with dams, locks, and short cuts. From Amory . . . — Map (db m84732) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Belmont — Tennessee - Tombigbee Waterway
In the mid 1700's Sieur de Bienville, founder of Mobile, recommended to Louis XIV, a waterway connecting the Tennessee River with the Tombigbee River. Later, American settlers also recognized the advantages of such a shortcut. Residents of Knox . . . — Map (db m84730) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Tishomingo — Bear Creek Mound
The village site was occupied as early as 8000 B.C. by hunters who stayed only long enough to prepare their kill. From the time of Christ to 1000 A.D., migratory people of this area practiced limited agriculture. The nearby fields and streams . . . — Map (db m36061) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Tishomingo — Cave Spring
The description of the ground surface and the type of rock indicate that this cave was a result of solution activity. A long room or corridor was dissolved out of the rock by under-ground water. The roof of the room eventually weakened and . . . — Map (db m84728) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Tishomingo — Natchez Trace
Natchez Trace Marked by Daughters of American Revolution LaSalle Chapter Corinth, MS. 1908     Tishomingo Chamber of Commerce 1988 — Map (db m97629) HM
Mississippi (Tishomingo County), Tishomingo — The Natchez Trace1791 - 1913
. . . — Map (db m97627) HM
Mississippi (Webster County), Mantee — Line Creek
Unlike modern nations, Indian tribes seldom recognized clear, exact boundaries to their lands. However, the Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians came to accept as a dividing line the stream that flowed in this valley. It remained the boundary until both . . . — Map (db m84833) HM
Mississippi (Webster County), Mathiston — Natchez Trace at Mathiston
This monument marks the Natchez Trace at Mathiston in the county of Webster, named for the great statesman Daniel Webster. “Along this road brave spirits came over shallow brook and roaring stream, to toil and die and leave to men . . . — Map (db m97625) HM
Mississippi (Webster County), Mathiston — The Natchez Trace Parkway
(Marker #1) The Natchez Trace Parkway This parkway, a unit of the National Park System, commemorates one of the great thoroughfares of early-day America: the Natchez Trace. (Photo Captions) Jackson Falls A . . . — Map (db m87494) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — 3A-36 — Cockrill Spring
The house of John Cockrill, an early settler, stood about 60 yards north, near a large spring, whose waters ran northeast into Lick Branch, which emptied Great Salt Lick, around which Nashville was founded. A blacksmith shop stood under the great . . . — Map (db m12765) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — The Natchez TraceBelle Meade Plantation
In 1742 a European settler recorded his travel and the conditions of the path which was known as the Natchez Trace. This is the earliest known recording of the trace, a portion of which was located on the site of Belle Meade Plantation. The trace, . . . — Map (db m81472) HM
Tennessee (Hickman County), Williamsport — Highland Rim Sectionof the Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail
The old Natchez Trace was a 450-plus-mile footpath that ran through Natchez, Choctaw, and Chickasaw lands. The Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail consists of five separate sections for over 60 miles of trail, including some segments of the . . . — Map (db m107106) HM
Tennessee (Hickman County), Williamsport — Jackson Branch – A Stolen Stream
This trail descends to Jackson Falls, a beautifully sculptured cascade that seems ageless. But it isn’t. For thousands of years before the falls existed, Jackson Branch flowed into this high valley, isolated from the Duck River below. Then, in . . . — Map (db m84576)
Tennessee (Hickman County), Williamsport — Natchez Trace ParkwayThings to see from milepost 325 to 444
The Natchez Trace Parkway leads you 444 miles through three states and 10,000 years of North American history. Also designated as a National Scenic Byway and All-American Road, the Parkway encourages travelers to experience historic and scenic . . . — Map (db m108199) HM
Tennessee (Hickman County), Williamsport — Old Trace Walk
Preserved here is a 2,000-foot long section of the original Old Natchez Trace which follows a ridge 300 feet above the Duck River. A 10-15 minute stroll will take you to the end of the trail and back and provide a change of pace from driving. . . . — Map (db m84582) HM
Tennessee (Hickman County), Williamsport — The Family Farm ... Working in Harmony with the Environment
The Morrow family farm, visible from this outlook, is an excellent example of agriculture working in harmony with the environment. The Morrow’s, like other conservation farmers, have a strong conservation ethic and a desire to leave improved soil . . . — Map (db m84575) HM
Tennessee (Hickman County), Williamsport — Welcome!The Natchez Trace Parkway
is designed to encourage leisurely exploration of the history and beauty of Old Southwest. Here are a few pointers to make your trip more enjoyable. Here are a few pointers to make your trip more enjoyable.

Regulations and Safety Obey . . . — Map (db m107105) HM

Tennessee (Lawrence County), Lawrenceburg — The Old Natchez Trace
(Marker #1) A Ride on the Old Natchez Trace From this point you may drive over a mile and a half of the Old Trace and see for yourself this frontier road much as it appeared in the early 1800's. En route, stop at the three . . . — Map (db m84649) HM
Tennessee (Lawrence County), Lawrenceburg — This Monument Marks The Old Natchez Trace
over which pioneers traveled through Lawrence County, Tennessee, which was organized Oct. 21, 1817. The county seat, Lawrenceburg, was created on Nov. 23, 1819, and named in honor of Capt. James Lawrence, naval hero of the War of 1812. . . . — Map (db m36078) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Gordonsburg — Lands of the Chickasaw
Before 1805 the Chickasaw Indians owned all the land in this vicinity. Only the Natchez Trace – part of which remains here – had made inroads into tribal territory. When the Indians ceded land to the United States in the early . . . — Map (db m84626) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Gordonsburg — Phosphate Mine
From here north for approximately 40 miles the parkway passes through or near a geologic region of limestone rich in phosphate deposits. Abandoned mine shafts in limestone ledges on both sides of the parkway in this immediate area are silent . . . — Map (db m84647) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — Grinder House
Site and ruins of the Grinder House, in which Meriwether Lewis met his death on the night of Oct. 11, 1809. — Map (db m84634) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — Meriwether Lewis1774-1809
Beneath this monument erected under Legislative Act by the State of Tennessee, A.D., 1848, reposes the dust of Meriwether Lewis, a Captain in the United States Army, Private Secretary to President Jefferson, Senior Commander of the Lewis and Clark . . . — Map (db m36068) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — Meriwether Lewis: Life Compass
In 1809, renowned explorer Meriwether Lewis traveled up the Old Natchez Trace on his way to Washington, D.C. He stopped here at an inn called Grinder’s Stand, and died during the night. What is a Compass Rose? A compass rose is a symbol . . . — Map (db m84631) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — Metal Ford
“I was roused from this melancholy reverie by the roaring of Buffalo River, which I forded with great difficulty.” Alexander Wilson, 1811 Here travelers on the Natchez Trace crossed the river which was fordable except after . . . — Map (db m84658) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — Natchez Trace
This plainly visible, though long deserted road is a section of The Natchez Trace, evolved from Buffalo and Indian Trails, into The First National Highway of the South-West, cut and opened under authority of the United States Government, after . . . — Map (db m42767) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — Steele's Iron Works
Here, about 1820, stood a charcoal-burning furnace used to manufacture pig iron. All that remain of this pioneer enterprise are a slag pile and the evidence of a mill race, used to bring water from Buffalo River to operate the furnace’s air blasting . . . — Map (db m84657) HM
Tennessee (Lewis County), Hohenwald — The Natchez Trace – Early American Trail
The Natchez Trace, a very old trail, was traveled by many early Americans. Captain Meriwether Lewis, leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and governor of the Upper Louisiana Territory, died near this point in 1809 while traveling the Natchez . . . — Map (db m84633) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Hampshire — Tobacco Farm - Old Trace
Tobacco Farm- You see here a typical early 1900's tobacco farm. A 10-minute loop walk takes you through the field and to the barn where you see tobacco hanging to dry. Old Trace- From here you may drive north on a narrow 2 -mile section of the . . . — Map (db m60218) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — Old Natchez Trace
The 500 mile long Natchez Trace of the early 1800's, then known as the Natchez Road, connected Nashville on the Cumberland River with Natchez on the Mississippi River. This historic wilderness road crossed the Duck River 1/4 mile south of here. John . . . — Map (db m84260) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — Stands on the Old Trace
Travel on the Natchez Trace was an adventure in the early 1800's. The 500-mile trail traversed a sprawling wilderness where only Indians, outlaws, and wild animals were at home. Travelers needed a place to find food, supplies, and rest. At . . . — Map (db m84620) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — Tennessee Tobacco Farm
On this model farm, Burley tobacco is grown and air-cured. It’s a hard crop to raise, each acre requiring about 250 hours of labor. (Wheat is only three hours!) William Coleman has been growing tobacco here for over 40 years. Listen as he . . . — Map (db m84579) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Gordon House
One of the few remaining buildings associated with the Old Natchez Trace is the house of ferry operator John Gordon. In the early 1800s Gordon made an agreement with the Chickasaw Chief George Colbert to operate a trading post and ferry on the . . . — Map (db m60217) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Gordon House
One of the few remaining buildings associated with the Old Natchez Trace is the house of ferry operator John Gordon. Built in 1817-18, the Gordon House was one of the first brick homes in this area. In the early 1800's, Gordon settled here as . . . — Map (db m84261) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Natchez Trace at the Tobacco Farm
This monument, located on the Natchez Trace at the site of the Tobacco Farm, honors the farming industry of Maury County, Tennessee. Maury County was named in honor of Abram Maury and was the home of the 11th United States President, James K. Polk. . . . — Map (db m84584) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Tobacco Barn
Burley tobacco must be air-cured for four to six weeks in the barn before it’s ready for market. Listen. Burely is a light brown, aromatic tobacco used chiefly in cigarettes. A small percentage is used for pipe and chewing tobacco. . . . — Map (db m84583) HM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Collinwood — McGlamery Stand
In frontier language, a stand was an inn or a trading post—sometimes both—usually located on a well traveled route. Such a place was established on the Old Natchez Trace, near here, in 1849 by John McGlamery. Although the stand did not . . . — Map (db m84673) HM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Collinwood — 3F28 — McGlamery's Stand
In this locality was a tavern and blacksmith shop which served travelers on the Natchez Trace from early 19th century days. Its early proprietor who came here in 1818, is buried in the cemetery to the northeast along with members of his family. — Map (db m83159) HM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Collinwood — Sunken Trace
This early interstate road building venture produced a snake-infested, mosquito-beset, robber-haunted, Indian-traveled forest path. Lamented by the pious, cussed by the impious, it tried everyone’s strength and patience.      When the trail became . . . — Map (db m84674) HM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Cypress Inn — State Line
In 1663, King Charles II of England granted the colony of Carolina all the land between 31 and 36 degrees north latitude from the Atlantic Ocean "west in a direct line as far as the South Seas." The separation of North and South Carolina . . . — Map (db m69634) HM WM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Waynesboro — Dogwood Mudhole
A mile to the south, the Old Natchez Trace crossed a depression in the flat, dogwood-covered ridge. After heavy rains it became almost impassable for wagons. Its name “Dogwood Mudhole” recalls the ordeals of frontier travel. It shows too . . . — Map (db m84670) HM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Waynesboro — 3F3 — Natchez TraceCrossing the Highway
Crossing the highway here, this famous road followed ancient Indian trails used by the travelers between Natchez and Nashville. It was built in 1801 by Army Engineers. Officially "The Columbian Road", it was for many years the only highway . . . — Map (db m80314) HM
Tennessee (Wayne County), Waynesboro — Sweetwater Branch
This small branch receives its name from the clean and fresh, or “sweet”, flavor of its water. Thousands of years of erosion and flooding have gradually built up the fertile bottom lands that you see under cultivation near here. . . . — Map (db m84672) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Tennessee Valley Divide
The high ground you are on is part of a long ridge that divides central Tennessee. Streams south of the divide flow to the Duck and Tennessee Rivers, while streams to the north empty into the Cumberland River. Travelers in the early days of the . . . — Map (db m83186) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — U.S.D. 1812
This Monument memorializes War of 1812 soldiers buried along the Old Natchez Trace, and it honors the service of all brave volunteers who marched on the Natchez Trace during the War of 1812 to help establish American Independence. The Natchez . . . — Map (db m83188) HM

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