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Kentucky Historical Society Historical Markers

Markers of the Kentucky state historical markers program administered by the Kentucky Historical Society.763 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 563
 
Adair County Courthouse (Marker on left side, under tree) image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, May 8, 2015
Adair County Courthouse (Marker on left side, under tree)
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1599 — Adair County Courthouse
On June 28, 1802, court ordered permanent seat of justice on the public square. First courthouse built in 1806. Present structure was designed by McDonald Bros., Louisville, and built by Wm. H. Hudson and Columbus Stone in 1887. A unique . . . — Map (db m83384) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 604 — Col. Frank L. Wolford
A foremost champion of the Union, a staunch friend of the stricken South, defender of constitutional freedom. Born Columbia 1817, died 1895 and buried in city cemetery. Veteran Mexican War, leader famed First Kentucky Union Cavalry, hero of many . . . — Map (db m83387) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 2243 — Columbia-Union Presbyterian Church
Side 1 Active Presbyterian congregations formed early in the county’s settlement:1803 on Col. Casey’s farm & 1827 in Columbia. Church was built in 1857 and has had continuous services ever since. County and city congregations merged in . . . — Map (db m83408) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 707 — Confederate Raids
Front General John Hunt Morgan's cavalry, returning from second Kentucky raid, passed here on way back to Tennessee, Jan. 1, 1863. On raid, Union's rail supply line wrecked and $2,000,000 property destroyed. July 3, 1863, Morgan here . . . — Map (db m83391) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1782 — Daniel Trabue (1760-1840)
A founder of Columbia, Trabue built original house (SW corner of this structure) ca. 1823. He served as trustee, sheriff, and justice of peace; operated grist mill, inn and retail store. Here Trabue wrote memoirs, 1827, of pioneer era, which . . . — Map (db m83406) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 128 — Jane Lampton Home
Girlhood home of Jane Lampton (1803-1891). Wife of John Marshall Clemens. Mother of "Mark Twain." Granddaughter of Colonel William Casey, original Adair County settler. — Map (db m83397) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 2242 — Male and Female School Site / Student Parking in the 1850s
Male and Female School Site The Columbia College Joint Stock Company formed in 1853 to build the M&F School. It was conveyed to trustees appointed by Transylvania Presbytery and opened in 1855. The building was a Union Camp during the . . . — Map (db m83412) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1479 — Distinguished Officers - Alumni of Kavanaugh
Kavanaugh School. Rhoda C. Kavanaugh founded school on Woodford Street which became known as "Little Annapolis." First boarding student came to prepare for Naval Academy in 1914. From then until 1945, Mrs. Kavanaugh launched 150 future Navy . . . — Map (db m317) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1273 — Kavanaugh School“The Sun Never Sets on Kavanaugh.”
Kavanaugh Academy 1904-09; Anderson Co. High School 1909-20; Kavanaugh High School 1920-49. Rhoda C. Kavanaugh, A.B., founder and principal 41 years. Under her direction it ranked among the nation's foremost preparatory schools for Annapolis and . . . — Map (db m315) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 812 — Renowned Congressman
James Beauchamp (Champ) Clark born near here, 1850. Attended U. of K. Taught school in county, 1870-71. Pres. Marshall College, 1873-74. Congressman from Missouri 24 yrs. Led defeat of Cannonism, control of House by Speaker. Then Speaker, 1911-19. . . . — Map (db m313) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 2029 — William H. Townsend(1890 - 1964)
Side 1: This renowned scholar, raconteur, and lawyer was born in Anderson Co. Educated first in a one-room school at Glensboro, he graduated from U.K. Law School in 1912. Among his books was Lincoln and the Bluegrass (1955). His . . . — Map (db m34786) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 826 — County Named, 1842
For Capt. Bland Ballard, 1759-1853. Born in Va. Came to Ky. in 1779. Devoted life protecting frontier. Scout for George Rogers Clark's Ohio expedition, 1780. '82; Wabash campaign 1786. In the battles of Fallen Timbers, 1793; Tippecanoe, 1811; River . . . — Map (db m18550) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 1309 — Fort Jefferson Site / Indian Massacre
(North Side):Fort Jefferson Site Built in 1780 by George Rogers Clark as part of impressive plan of settlement, conceived by Gov. Patrick Henry of Virginia, later pursued by and named for Gov. Thomas Jefferson. The fort was to protect US . . . — Map (db m18639) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 2209 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Fort Jefferson
(North Side):Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Fort Jefferson Lewis and Clark and a party of eight men visited the site of Fort Jefferson on Nov. 18, 1803, while on their epic 1803-1806 journey to the Pacific. Fort est. in 1780 by Clark's . . . — Map (db m18545) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 46 — The Prince of the French Explorers
(North Side):The Prince of the French Explorers Commissioned by Louis XIV of France, the Sieur Robert de LaSalle, sweeping down the Mississippi with his flotilla of canoes, stopped in 1682 at this place, in his quest for the mouth of the . . . — Map (db m18551) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 757 — Union Supply Base
One of first Kentucky positions, Fort Jefferson, occupied by Union troops after Confederate seizure of Columbus, Sept. 1861. From this base, Gen. U.S. Grant directed demonstration against Columbus, Jan. 1862. Troops from here joined in capturing Ft. . . . — Map (db m18519) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 1489 — Cave City Raid
CSA General John Hunt Morgan and a company of troops arrived here, May 11, 1862. They seized a train reported to be carrying some of Morgan's men captured at Lebanon, Tenn. Instead, it carried railroad employees whom he released. Morgan burned the . . . — Map (db m321) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 1317 — Gen. Joseph H. Lewis1824 - 1904
Confederate Brigadier General, commanded famous “Orphan Brigade” in Civil War. In 1861 he conducted recruiting and training camp here. State legislature, 1850-54, 69-70. US Congress, 1870-73. Member of Kentucky Court of Appeals for 24 . . . — Map (db m96727) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1255 — Barren County, 1798
Taken from parts of Green and Warren counties. Glasgow, county seat, was founded in 1799. County received name from the “barrens” or prairies of this region.      Early explorers and settlers came through this area. In Civil War, first . . . — Map (db m88132) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 544 — Christmas Mishap
On Dec. 24, 1862, main body of Morgan's Raiders made camp south of here. Capt. Quirk and scouts entered town although USA troops patrolled area. CSA scouts wished to celebrate Christmas Eve, and dismounted at tavern. A patrol of 2nd Mich. Cavalry, . . . — Map (db m73020) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1133 — Confederate Congressional Medal of Honour / Barren County CSA Medalists
(side 1) Confederate Congressional Medal of Honour The President (CSA), in 1862, was authorized to confer a Medal of Honour upon one enlisted man of each company for “every signal victory.” At first dress-parade, . . . — Map (db m73018) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2425 — First Farmers Rural Electric Co-Op Substation
On Jan. 12, 1939, the Goodnight substation was energized. The circuit powered 107 homes along 51 miles of power line in Barren Co. This substation was the first in Farmers RECC service territory. Electricity improved rural life, increased . . . — Map (db m96997) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1951 — First Presbyterian Church
Congregation formed ca. 1802, when Isaac Robertson, a member, donated lot for log structure erected here. Rev. John Howe was first minister. Present Gothic Revival sanctuary built ca. 1853. Church’s style of architecture features Tudor-arched window . . . — Map (db m88133) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1290 — Fort Williams
Site of Civil War fort built in spring of 1863. Attacked Oct. 6 by Confederate Col. John M. Hughs and his 25th Tenn. Infantry. US troops under Maj. Samuel Martin surprised. Over 200 horses captured, part of fort burned, and 142 men taken prisoner, . . . — Map (db m39405) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1718 — Home of Arthur Krock / Historic Home
(Side One) Home of Arthur Krock Called dean of Washington newsmen, Glasgow’s native son (1886-1974) grew up here with his grandparents, Emmanuel and Henrietta Morris. He began his career in journalism with the Louisville . . . — Map (db m87980) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 609 — Home of Gov. Leslie
Preston H. Leslie, born Ky., 1819. Died Montana, 1907. Completed term of Gov. John Stevenson from Feb. to Sept., 1871, when elected 27th Governor of Kentucky. Known for his sound judgment of State affairs and meeting the needs of growing population . . . — Map (db m87981) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 635 — Long Hunters' Camp
Henry Skaggs and two companions trapping beaver, winter 1770-71, were probably first white men in this area. Named Long Hunters due to long period away from home in the East. Came through Cumberland Gap, 1769, in party led by James Knox. Skaggs’ . . . — Map (db m87978) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2019 — Luska Joseph Twyman(1913-1988)
Front Born in Hiseville (Barren Co.). Graduate of Kentucky State Univ.; later member of Board of Regents. Also studied at Indiana Univ. and Peabody Coll. As principal of Ralph J. Bunche School, Twyman led its merger with Glasgow High School . . . — Map (db m82469) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2397 — Nettie B.C. Depp(1874 - 1932)
(Front Side) The first female public official in Barren Co., she was elected in 1913, seven years before women were allowed to vote. She was Barren Co. schools superintendent from 1914-1917. Instrumental in unifying local schools to . . . — Map (db m88116) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2398 — Willa Brown Chappell(1906 - 1992)
(Front Side) This Glasgow native was the first African American woman to earn a pilot’s license in the U.S., 1937. That year, she also earned masters degree from Northwestern Univ. She was first African American officer in Civil Air . . . — Map (db m88118) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Horse Cave — 698 — Bear Wallow
On CSA invasion of Kentucky, resulting in battle of Perryville, Gen. Leonidas Polk’s wing moved thru here, Sept. 16, 1862, to attack USA troops at Munfordville. Two of Kentucky raids by CSA Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry routed thru here, . . . — Map (db m79208) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — 1039 — Bell's Tavern
Erected by Wm. Bell, 1830. Stage stop for his lines that brought visitors to Mammoth Cave when first promoted. Famed in U.S. and Europe for elite patrons, cuisine and magic peach and honey brandy for “Joy before the journey’s end”, until . . . — Map (db m96715) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — 2259 — Diamond Caverns
On July 14, 1859, a slave was lowered into a pit discovered on the farm of Jesse Coats. He saw glistening calcite crystals that he thought were diamonds. The first public tour was made by a wedding party on August 19, 1859. Guidebooks were written . . . — Map (db m96712) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Bethel — 1542 — Joe Creason
Longview Cemetery, Bethel, is grave site of one of the most noted and best-loved Kentucky journalists. Born 1918 in Benton, he gained renown from his column, "Joe Creason's Kentucky," in the Louisville Courier-Journal. His popular book by same name . . . — Map (db m110166) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Midland — 1226 — Caney Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Caney Furnace Stood five miles south. This stone stack, built 1837-38 by Harrison Connor and Joshua Ewing, Sr., was among first iron furnaces west of the Alleghenies to be equipped with a hot-blast oven, a device to preheat the air blown . . . — Map (db m110123) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 940 — Bath County
Formed from Montgomery County, 1811. Named for its many mineral springs. The birthplace of CSA Gen. John B. Hood and US Senator Richard H. Menefee. Owingsville named for Col. Thomas D. Owings. Organizer US 28th Inf. Reg., 1812. Associate in . . . — Map (db m26286) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 993 — Bourbon Iron Works / Iron Made in Kentucky
Bourbon Iron Works Jacob Myers from Richmond, Va. took up land grants here on Slate Creek, 1782. He built the first iron blast furnace in Ky., 1791. John Cockey Owings and Co. formed to operate furnace. Utensils and tools supplied settlers. . . . — Map (db m110121) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 1528 — Capt. John “Jack” Jouett, Jr.
This famous Revolutionary War hero, who rode 40 mi. to warn Jefferson, Patrick Henry and other legislators of British approach, June 3, 1781, is buried in Bath Co. Jack Jouett of Va. galloped all night from Cuckoo Tavern to Monticello to . . . — Map (db m26285) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 592 — Courthouse Burned
Twenty-two Kentucky courthouses were burned during the Civil War, nineteen in last fifteen months: twelve by Confederates, eight by guerillas, two by Union accident. See map on reverse side. March 21, 1864, Union troops fled courthouse here as . . . — Map (db m79185) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 862 — Gen. Hood Birthplace
John Bell Hood, 1831-79, graduate of West Point, 1853. Eight years Indian campaigns. Resigned, 1861, and joined CSA as colonel, heading Texas Brigade. Gained distinction at Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, 1862, and at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, 1863. . . . — Map (db m110149) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 1193 — Owings House / Thomas Dye Owings
Owings House Built 1811-14 for Colonel Thomas Dye Owings by Benjamin Latrobe, who redesigned the interior of the US Capitol after the British burned it, War of 1812. This house was a center of social life during early 1800's. Henry Clay, . . . — Map (db m110150) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Salt Lick — 1050 — Clear Creek Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Clear Creek Furnace Built in 1839, 5 miles south, by W. A. Lane and W. S. Allen. Stone stack originally 40 ft. high and 10 1/2 ft. across inside, burning charcoal. Air blast powered by steam. Its iron was used mainly for railway car wheels. . . . — Map (db m110122) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Sharpsburg — 2509 — Henry Tureman Allen
Side 1 Born in Sharpsburg on April 13, 1859, Allen attended Peeks Mill Military Academy and Georgetown College before graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1882. He was sent to the western frontier, where he led . . . — Map (db m110168) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 129 — Colonel Arthur Campbell
Grave of Colonel Arthur Campbell (1743-1811). Statesman, revolutionary soldier, justice, legislator, county lieutenant. Sons, James and John killed in War of 1812. — Map (db m57938) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 2217 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Cumberland GapCumberland Gap
Side A: Meriwether Lewis, coleader of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, with a party of Expedition veterans and a Mandan Indian delegation, went through Cumberland Gap in Nov. 1806 en route to Washington to report on the expedition. (Over) . . . — Map (db m33299) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 2225 — Middlesboro Meteorite Crater Impact Site
Side A: Designated by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists as a Distinguished Geological Site. Middlesboro is one of only a few cities on the North American Continent located in the basin of a meteorite impact structure. . . . — Map (db m33296) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 832 — Middlesborough
English colony founded in 1886 by Alexander Arthur. Project financed by English company, the American Association, because of timber and rich mineral deposits here. Almost 100,000 mountainous acres in Va., Tenn., and Ky. purchased for the . . . — Map (db m33297) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 521 — Morgan's Retreat
During the Civil War, Cumberland Gap was held alternately by Union and CSA armies. USA forces under Gen. George W. Morgan occupied it June 18 to Sept. 17, 1862. Cut off from supplies and surrounded, Morgan with 9,000 men retreated successfully to . . . — Map (db m50230) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 1227 — Mountain Vision
Alexander Arthur, 1846-1912, an outstanding figure in history of Middlesboro. He came here in 1885 to prospect, discovering coal and iron ore deposits. President of American Association, formed to carry out his plans for a mining and manufacturing . . . — Map (db m33298) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 1426 — Cumberland Ford
One of the most important points on the Wilderness Road marked by Daniel Boone in 1775. Ford first used by Indians, then by early explorers and the Long Hunters. After Boone opened the way west, more than 100,000 settlers used the crossing as a . . . — Map (db m35831) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 198 — Joshua Fry Bell
Bell County formed from Harlan and Knox Counties, 1867. Named for Joshua Fry Bell, 1811-70, Congressman, Ky. Sec. of State, Comr. to peace conference in 1861 and State Legislator. He was g. grandson of Dr. Thomas Walker, explorer of Ky. wilderness, . . . — Map (db m35871) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 1272 — Wallsend Mine
The first to begin operations in Bell County, starting in 1889, with 1500 acres of coal land. Extension of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad to this area in 1888 marked the beginning of a new industrial era. This mine was not a financial success . . . — Map (db m35854) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — 420 — The Dinsmore HomesteadClassic “Old Kentucky Home”
Side A James and Martha Macomb Dinsmore moved from La. to raise their three daughters here. Completed in1842, the main house served as the center of a typical large, antebellum Boone Co. farm. tenants and slaves raised grains, grapes, . . . — Map (db m79304) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Florence — 1253 — Boone County, 1798
Formed by legislative act from a part of Campbell County. Names for Daniel Boone, renowned Kentucky pioneer-explorer. Big Boone Lick, graveyard of the mammoth, was discovered in 1729 by Capt. M. de Longueil. In 1756, Mary Inglis was brought . . . — Map (db m61867) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Petersburg — 999 — Tanner’s Station 1789Frontier Outpost — First Settlement in Boone County
Tanner’s Station 1789 First settlement in Boone County. Rev. John Tanner built blockhouse, and town began on 2000 acres he and John Taylor owned. Shawnees captured Tanner’s 9-year-old son here, held him until grown. An ardent Baptist, Tanner . . . — Map (db m79310) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2124 — Big Bone Lick — Marker #2 - Marker at the Museum - with Lewis and Clark marker
Scientists consider William Clark’s dig at Big Bone Lick in 1807 as establishing American vertebrate paleontology. Bones found here by Clark included mastodon and mammoth. Prehistoric native American artifacts found were given to Dr. Wm. . . . — Map (db m79062) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2124 — Lewis and Clark in KentuckyBig Bone Lick — ( Separate Visits by Both Explorers )
In Oct. 1803, while traveling down Ohio River to meet Wm. Clark for expedition to Pacific, Meriwether Lewis visited Big Bone Lick. He was to gather fossilized bones for Pres. Thomas Jefferson. In Sept. 1807, clark supervised a 3-week dig for . . . — Map (db m79088) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 859 — Mary Ingles — (Marker #1) Another Marker at Big Bone Lick State Park
Reputed first white woman in Ky. Shawnees captured her and two sons in July 1755 at site Roanoke, Va. Led to village at mouth of Scioto River, separated from sons, taken to Big Bone Lick. compelled to make salt here; adopted by chief; given . . . — Map (db m79071) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 1646 — Piatt's Landing &General E.R.S. Canby
Side A Piatt's Landing Near here on the north bank of the Ohio River at mile 510.5 was a riverboat landing, ferry, and road to the courthouse at Burlington. The landing and large brick home that once stood near, later called Winnfield . . . — Map (db m79142) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1246 — Bourbon County, 1786
Named for the royal French family who aided the colonies in the War of Independence. Bourbon was one of nine Virginia counties formed before Kentucky became a state in 1792. From its original area all of twenty-four counties and parts of ten other . . . — Map (db m43621) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 2295 — Bourbon Whiskey / Jacob Spears
Bourbon Whiskey Named after Bourbon Co. because of quantity and quality of whiskey produced within its borders. Made from a fermented mash of at least 51% corn, with less wheat, rye, or barley, yeast and limestone water. Distilled at no more . . . — Map (db m35597) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 51 — Cane Ridge Meeting House
Built by Presbyterians, 1791. Here Barton W. Stone began his ministry, 1796. Famous revival attended by pioneers of many faiths, 1801. Springfield Presbytery dissolved and "Christian Church" launched, June 28, 1804. — Map (db m9724) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 93 — Duncan Tavern
Built in 1788. Gathering place of pioneers. Shrine, Museum, Library. Restored by Kentucky Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m43624) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1824 — Eades Tavern
This log building lined with adz-hewn cherry was built as a tavern. In 1795 it became first post office in Paris. Thomas Eades then served as tavern owner and postmaster. Robert Trimble had home and law office here before becoming U.S. Supreme Court . . . — Map (db m43626) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1722 — John Edwards 1748-1837 / Westwood
John Edwards 1748-1837 As early legislator, Edwards was member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1781-83, 1785, 1786. He was a delegate to the convention to ratify Federal Constitution, June 1788, and to conventions that separated . . . — Map (db m43623) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1283 — Johnston's Inn
Robert Johnston, a Revolutionary War captain, was born in Virginia in 1749. He and his wife operated a tavern in their house here from 1796-1812. Located on what was the main road between Maysville and Lexington, this inn served stage and horseback . . . — Map (db m67703) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1596 — Silas Baptist Church1 mile west
Organized by 20 members of the Cooper's Run Church in 1800, with the help of Ambrose Dudley, George Eve and Augustine Eastin. They built at this site on land given, 1798, by Charles Smith, Sr. The log structure was replaced by a brick house of . . . — Map (db m35860) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 1211 — Ashland
Settled by 1799 by members of the Poage family of Virginia. Known as Poage's Landing until named in 1854 for Henry Clay's Lexington estate, by the owners, Ky. Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company. It engaged M. T. Hilton to lay out a town, then . . . — Map (db m59244) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 1416 — Presbyterian Church
Organized June 11, 1819, at home of Maj. Jas. Poage, north of this spot, as Bethesda Presbyterian Church by Rev. Robert Wilson with 20 members. First a mile SW on Pollard Rd.; moved 1828 to Beech Grove, ½ mile W. and in 1858 to this corner . . . — Map (db m59242) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 2125 — Putnam Stadium
This stadium served the Ashland Public Schools. Built in 1937 for $6,500 as a WPA project, it was dedicated on Thanksgiving Day that same year. The Ashland High School Tomcats record of success includes 11 state championships. In 1944, the Tomcats . . . — Map (db m73802) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Catlettsburg — 643 — Civil War Army Base
USA post located here to protect Ohio River traffic. Became supply base and communications center for Union forces in the Big Sandy region. In winter 1861-62 troops under Col. J.A. Garfield, later 20th President U.S., drove CSA from area by victory . . . — Map (db m73765) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Catlettsburg — 772 — County Named, 1860
For Linn Boyd. Born Tenn., 1800. Came to West Ky. in youth. Ky. Legislature, 1827-31. Congress, 1835-37, 1839-55, and Speaker 1851-55. Author of Resolution to annex Texas. The Ky. delegation proposed Boyd for Vice President at Democratic Convention, . . . — Map (db m73754) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1958 — African American Business District - Doric Lodge No. 18 (F. & A.M.-P.H.A.)
In this block a thriving African American business district stood for over 100 years. Restaurants, barber and beauty shops, medical and dental offices, and retail shops drew patrons from Boyle and nearby counties. Until razed by urban renewal in . . . — Map (db m49741) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1140 — Clark's Station
Early pioneer settlement erected before 1779. Developed by George Clark, brother-in-law of William Whitley, whose party came to Ky. about 1775. Located on Clark's Run Creek, named for George Clark, it was one of the first stations built in the . . . — Map (db m105411) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2281 — Dr. Ephraim McDowell, 1771-1830/McDowell-Crawford Surgery
Burial site of Ephraim McDowell, the “father of modern surgery.” His family moved here from Va. in 1784. He studied medicine in Va. and Scotland before practicing in Danville. In 1802, he married Sarah Shelby, dau. of Ky.’s first gov. . . . — Map (db m50814) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2284 — Ephraim McDowell House
Obverse Home of Ephraim McDowell, the “father of modern surgery.” Here on December 25, 1809, McDowell performed the first successful abdominal operation when he took a 22-pound ovarian cyst from Jane Todd Crawford of Green . . . — Map (db m71047) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2388 — First USCT Recruits at Camp Nelson
Obverse May 23, 1864, nearly 250 black men, most of them slaves, left Boyle Co. to march to Camp Nelson in Jessamine Co. to enlist in the Union army. On the way, some Danville citizens threw stones and shot pistols at the recruits. . . . — Map (db m70996) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1909 — Fisher's Garrison
Stephen Albert Fisher, Rev. War soldier from Va., assigned in 1775 to active duty and wounded while serving with Colonel John Bowman's militia. Returned to Ky. in 1779 with wife Mary Magdalene Garr. He established garrison of military significance . . . — Map (db m70981) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 755 — Grayson's Tavern
Danville's first tavern, operated in this building before 1800 by Benjamin Grayson. Often within these walls the burning political issues of the day were discussed. The Danville Political Society, organized in 1786 and the first of its kind in the . . . — Map (db m49742) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2244 — John Todd Stuart, 1807-1885
Abraham Lincoln’s friend and 1st law partner was born on Nov. 10, 1807, in Fayette Co. The son of a Presbyterian minister & Mary Todd Lincoln’s aunt, Stuart graduated from Centre College in 1826. Two years later he became a lawyer in Springfield, . . . — Map (db m49746) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2186 — John William Bate(1855~1945)
Side 1 Original site of Bate High School, built 1912 and named in honor of its founder, John William Bate. Born a slave in Louisville, Bate received an AB from Berea College in 1881 and and AM in 1891. He moved to Danville to teach in 1881 . . . — Map (db m105414) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2216 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky - Danville
In December 1806, William Clark, coleader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the Pacific Ocean, visited his nephews in school in Danville. Clark was en route to Washington to report to President Jefferson and other government officials about the . . . — Map (db m49744) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1376 — Old Crow Inn / John Crow
Old Crow Inn The oldest existing stone house in Kentucky, built 1784, is part of this building. The house has been enlarged and Doric pillars added. Land purchased from John Crow by James Wright, 1781. Next owner, Colonel Joshua Barbee, who . . . — Map (db m105413) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 754 — Presbyterian Church
One of three founded, 1784, by Reverend David Rice; earliest of this denomination west of Alleghenies. Here worshipped: James G. Birney, whose presidential candidacy in 1844 caused defeat of Henry Clay; John C. Breckinridge, whose 1860 candidacy . . . — Map (db m49745) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 190 — Walker Daniel
Founded Danville, 1781. First Atty. Gen. of Ky. District, 1783. As a member of Commission went to Falls of Ohio to allot lands in Clark's grant to members of Ill. Regt. Daniel was killed by Indians, Aug. 1784, on way to visit brother at Bullitt's . . . — Map (db m49743) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 58 — Battle of Perryville
October 8, 1862 Here 16,000 Confederates under General Braxton Bragg fought 22,000 Federals under General Don Carlos Buell. Bragg, facing superior forces, withdrew.Union casualties 4211; Confederate, 3396. — Map (db m5193) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 553 — Battle of PerryvilleOctober 8, 1862
(left panel) The battle was brought on by Confederate Lieut. Gen. Braxton Bragg as a delaying action to insure safe withdrawal of a huge wagon train of supplies and to enable him to effect a junction with the army of Maj. Gen. E. Kirby . . . — Map (db m46239) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 58 — Battle of PerryvilleOctober 8, 1862
Here 16,000 Confederates under General Braxton Bragg fought 22,000 Federals under General Don Carlos Buell. Bragg, facing superior forces, withdrew. Union casualties, 4211; Confederate, 3396. — Map (db m55026) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 58 — Battle of Perryville
October 8, 1862. Here 16,000 Confederates under General Braxton Bragg fought 22,000 Federals under General Don Carlos Buell. Bragg, facing superior forces, withdrew, Union casualties, 4211; Confederate, 3396. — Map (db m68552) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 192 — Bottom House
Owned by Squire H. P. Bottom, it was a key position in Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. At the beginning of battle held by USA troops. After a massed attack, Confederates took the house and held it. The battle over, Bottom identified and buried . . . — Map (db m21422) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 193 — Crawford House
Used by Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg as headquarters during the Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. Crawford Spring, back of the house, furnished vital water supply to CSA troops on the drought stricken battlefield. — Map (db m46248) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 965 — Crawford Springs
As Confederate and Union armies converged over to the west the day and night before great Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862, there was constant fighting for water. Almost unprecedented drought had made water so scarce that troops contended for . . . — Map (db m68319) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 876 — Karrick-Parks House / Harberson's Station
(obverse) Karrick-Parks House Bivouac for Confederate troops on Oct. 7, 1862, night before Battle of Perryville. Karricks ordered to vacate home the next day. Day after the battle they returned to survey damage, found little done. . . . — Map (db m46396) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 2391 — Kirkland Home
Near here was the home of Charles King and Caroline Purdom Kirkland. To escape the Battle of Perryville, they traveled with their 3 young children 10 miles south to the home of Caroline’s father in Forkland. When they returned a few days later, they . . . — Map (db m68320) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 2223 — Merchants' Row / Street Fighting
(obverse) Merchants' Row Originally known as Main St., the town's historic commercial center renamed Buell St. to honor Union general D.C. Buell. Now called Merchants' Row, most buildings built 1830-40. Temperance leader Carrie . . . — Map (db m46399) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 1284 — Perryville
Established as Harberson's Fort before 1783 by James Harberson, Thomas Walker, Daniel Ewing and others at the crossroads of Danville-Louisville and Harrodsburg-Nashville routes. Town laid out by Edward Bullock and William Hall, 1815, named for . . . — Map (db m46400) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 194 — Russell House
On the knoll, it was a key position on the Union left flank under Maj. Gen. McCook in Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. The scene of desperate fighting, it changed hands twice and was hit many times. After the battle it was used as a hospital. — Map (db m46355) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 2399 — Site of First Rural Electric Co-Op Substation in County
W. H. Rogers, president of Inter-County R.E.C.C., threw the switch at the Perryville substation on June 10, 1938, to energize 56 miles of line to 115 homes. In 2013, on the 75th anniversary of this event, Inter-County Energy served more than 25,000 . . . — Map (db m68402) HM
Kentucky (Bracken County), Augusta — 94 — Augusta College1822 - 1849
In 1822 the trustees of Bracken Academy with conferences of the Methodist Church of Kentucky and Ohio, merged to found Augusta College. The first established Methodist college in the world. — Map (db m85801) HM
Kentucky (Bracken County), Augusta — 501 — Augusta In Civil War
By Sept. 1862 6,000 Union troops had gone from this district. Only 100 Home Guards left, under Col. Bradford. On Sept. 27, Col. Duke with 350 Morgan Raiders attacked. Guards secreted in houses fought until Raiders penetrated area, burned and . . . — Map (db m85877) HM
Kentucky (Bracken County), Augusta — 1842 — Philip Buckner (1747-1820)
Captain Philip Buckner, an Englishman, was a Revolutionary War veteran. He came to Va., served adopted colony as issuing commissary, received extensive land grants, then settled here. In 1797, he donated this lot for Augusta Public Square as part of . . . — Map (db m86656) HM
Kentucky (Breathitt County), Jackson — 641 — "Bloody Breathitt"
The courthouse that stood here, 1899-1963, was a landmark of Kentucky's "feudin' 'n' fightin'." Stemming from Civil War, feuds and political disagreements, unnumbered slayings, ambushes, and assassinations occurred between 1870-1920. In 11 months, . . . — Map (db m73893) HM
Kentucky (Breathitt County), Jackson — 961 — Breathitt County
Formed from parts of Estill, Clay, Perry Counties, 1839. Named for Gov. John Breathitt, who died in office, 1834. Breathitt born in Va. 1786. Family came to Logan County, Ky. 1800. Representative Ky. Legis. 3 terms, Lt. Gov. 1828, Gov. 1832-34. . . . — Map (db m73891) HM
Kentucky (Breathitt County), Jackson — 904 — Breathitt Volunteers
During World War I, this county attained national prominence by filling its quota of service men by volunteers. No men had to be drafted from Breathitt, the only county in U.S. with his record. During war 3,912 men registered, 405 volunteered, 324 . . . — Map (db m73892) WM
Kentucky (Breathitt County), Morris Fork — 1289 — Sam and Nola of Morris Fork
Samuel VanderMeer came here from New Jersey in 1923. “Uncle Sam” to generations of Ky. Youngsters, he became pastor of the Morris Fork Presbyterian Church in 1927, the year he married nurse Nola Pease. Missionaries, community builders. . . . — Map (db m39151) HM
Kentucky (Bullitt County), Shepherdsville — 1413 — Morgan - On To Ohio
July 2, 1863, CSA Gen. J.H. Morgan began raid to prevent USA move to Tenn. and Va. Repulsed at Green River, July 4. Defeated USA force at Lebanon, July 5. Moved through Bardstown, July 6. After night march, crossed here July 7. Rested troops few . . . — Map (db m71984) HM
Kentucky (Caldwell County), Princeton — 145 — Black Patch War
Here on December 1, 1906, began Black Patch War, which lasted to the end of 1908. “Night Riders” fought against non-cooperative farmers and businessmen who opposed the dark tobacco pool. — Map (db m79151) HM WM
Kentucky (Caldwell County), Princeton — 834 — County Named, 1809
For General John Caldwell. Born Virginia; came Kentucky 1781. Maj. Gen. in militia; Indian campaigns. With George Rogers Clark, 1786. Member Danville Conventions, 1787, 1788, which adopted petition “demanding admission into the . . . — Map (db m79159) HM
Kentucky (Caldwell County), Princeton — 579 — Courthouse Burned
Gen. Hylan B. Lyon with 800 men invaded Ky., Dec. 1864, to enforce CSA draft law and divert USA from Nashville. In 23 days he burned seven courthouses used by Union forces. See map on reverse side. US troops fled Princeton as Lyon came from . . . — Map (db m79180) HM
Kentucky (Calloway County), New Concord — 147 — Fort Heiman
Confederate fort erected in 1861. Federals occupied 1862. Seized by CSA Gen. Forrest in fall 1864. With field cannon his cavalrymen sank 2 Union river transports. Captured another and a gunboat, and commandeered them. Due east, this side of Kentucky . . . — Map (db m37939) HM
Kentucky (Calloway County), New Concord — 1373 — Gerard FurnaceIron Made in Kentucky
(Front): Gerard Furnace Built 2¼ miles east in 1854 by Browder, Kentucky and Co. Inside it was 24ft. high and 10½ ft. across at widest point, burning locally made charcoal fuel. Its air blast machinery was powered by steam. In 34 . . . — Map (db m37941) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Bellevue — Bellevue, Kentucky
Incorporated March 15, 1870, on part of original land grant to Gen. James Taylor, pioneer, for whose farm this city was named. A general in War of 1812, banker, and statesman, whose farm was an underground railroad station. President of the first . . . — Map (db m49115) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Newport — 1708 — “Tommygun” Inventor
Brig. Gen. John T. Thompson, USA, inventor of Thompson submachine gun, was born here in 1860. A West Point graduate of 1882, he was early advocate of automatic weapons and improved many small arms. Awarded Distinguished Service Medal as Director of . . . — Map (db m98032) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Newport — Licking Furnace/Iron Made in Kentucky
Built three blocks east in 1859 by Swift's Iron and Steel Works. As rebuilt in 1869, it was 65 feet high, with a maximum diameter inside of 16 feet. Its annual capacity was 17,000 tons of iron, using Connellsville coke as fuel. Iron mostly converted . . . — Map (db m49114) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Southgate — William H. HorsfallEvergreen Cemetery
William H. Horsfall-One of youngest Kentuckians to receive the Medal of Honor for service during the Civil War is buried in Evergreen Cem. Horsfall, born in Newport, 1847, was a drummer in Co. G. First Ky. Infantry (USA). Medal was awarded for . . . — Map (db m62013) HM
Kentucky (Carlisle County), Bardwell — 563 — Demonstration - 1862
Jan. 1862, Brig. Gen. U.S. Grant sent 5,000 USA troops from Cairo as a demonstration against Columbus, a Confederate stronghold on the Miss. River. Combined forces led by Brig. Gen. J.A. McClernand from Ft. Jefferson at Wickliffe through here to . . . — Map (db m18487) HM
Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 216 — Carrollton
First settled 1792, incorporated as Port William 1794. Carroll County formed and name of town changed to Carrollton by the Kentucky Legislature, 1838, both honoring "Charles Carroll of Carrollton" of Maryland, bold signer of the Declaration of . . . — Map (db m22149) HM
Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 2080 — Col. Percival Pierce Butler1761 - 1821
Marker Front: Col. Percival Butler was appointed Ky.'s first adjutant gen. in Gov. Isaac Shelby's first term. Born in Penn., he was with Washington at Valley Forge and Lafayette at Yorktown. Immigrated to Jessamine Co., Ky., then moved to . . . — Map (db m22097) HM
Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 634 — Home of Gen. Butler
Gen. William O. Butler, born Kentucky 1791, died here, 1880. War of 1812: River Raisin, Pensacola, and New Orleans. Gen. Andrew Jackson's staff 1816-17. Cited for heroism in Mexican War 1846-48. Practiced law here. Congressman 1839-43. Defeated as . . . — Map (db m22131) HM
Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 1094 — Scott's BlockhouseThe Anchor Point of the Greenville Treaty Line — The Mouth of the Kentucky River
Blockhouse built here, 1789, by Gen. Charles Scott for protection of settlers against Indians who had massacred and driven off earlier families. Scott came from Va., 1785. He was in the French and Indian Wars. Organized first company south of . . . — Map (db m77353) HM
Kentucky (Carroll County), Carrollton — 1725 — The Masterson House
Side A Oldest brick house still standing in county, this was home of Richard and Sarah Masterson. Bricks laid in Flemish bond. House was center of town's activities. Mastersons, leading Methodists, opened their home for services before . . . — Map (db m22128) HM
Kentucky (Carter County), Grayson — 842 — A Masterful Retreat
As Gen. George W. Morgan's Union force, 8,000 when here, retreated from Cumberland Gap, they were harassed from West Liberty by CSA Gen. John H. Morgan's Raiders. Failure of reinforcements to reach here caused Confederates to leave Oct. 1, 1862 and . . . — Map (db m73803) WM
Kentucky (Carter County), Grayson — 221 — Civil War Reunion
In their blue and gray uniforms for over forty years, Civil War veterans gathered here annually, around campfires, with song and story, friends and former foes, revived war memories, and always a pilgrimage to graves of their comrades in cemetery of . . . — Map (db m73788) WM
Kentucky (Carter County), Grayson — 1247 — County Named, 1838
For Col. William Grayson Carter, state senator, 1834-36. The 88th Ky. county formed, 32nd in size. Carter was created from Greenup and Lawrence. Noted in early years for 5 iron furnaces, its clay products, industry developed in late 1800's. Carter . . . — Map (db m73789) HM WM
Kentucky (Carter County), Grayson — 1148 — Pactolus Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Pactolus Furnace Built in 1824 by Joseph McMurtry and David L. Ward, on the site of an earlier bloomer forge. Its stone stack used charcoal fuel, and its air blast machinery was powered from a dam, 5 1/2 ft. high, in Little Sandy River. Capacity . . . — Map (db m73787) HM
Kentucky (Carter County), Olive Hill — 209 — Saltpeter Cave
Saltpeter mined here from which gunpowder was made that was used by Kentucky riflemen during the war of 1812. There are remains of those works in cave, reputed rendezvous for counterfeiters in early years, artifacts and Indian graves found in cavern. — Map (db m73805) HM WM
Kentucky (Casey County), Liberty — 1835 — Casey County Courthouse
Present seat of justice, built 1888, was preceded by log building, 1809, and brick structure, 1837. Architects for current courthouse were the noted McDonald Bros. of Louisville. Its asymmetrical design and lavish use of stone trim (by T. D. . . . — Map (db m83438) HM
Kentucky (Casey County), Liberty — 888 — Colonel Silas Adams
A spirited USA Civil War leader. Enlisted July 11, 1861. Aided Col. Frank Wolford with recruiting of lst Ky. Cav. Distinctive service many campaigns. Succeeded Wolford in command, Mar., 1864. Mustered out, Dec. 31, 1864. Born, 1839, Pulaski Co. . . . — Map (db m83441) HM
Kentucky (Casey County), Liberty — 684 — First Kentucky Cavalry
First Kentucky Cavalry Casey County, home of one-third of this Union regiment and of its commanders Col. Frank L. Wolford and Col. Silas Adams. Others came from eight nearby Ky. counties. Recruited July 1861, trained at Camp Dick . . . — Map (db m83439) HM
Kentucky (Casey County), Liberty — 917 — John Fry
Entered land on Carpenter's Creek 8 miles north, 1780, on a Treasury Warrant for service in Revolution. Land Grant signed, 1783, by Gov. Benj. Harrison. Engaged in Battle of Point Pleasant, 1774. Served in Rockingham Militia, Va., during Revolution. . . . — Map (db m83446) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1910 — Charles S. Morehead, 1802-1868
Charles S. Morehead, 1802-1868 This Ky. governor and congressman was born near Bardstown. A graduate of Transylvania, he began law practice in Hopkinsville. Morehead served in state legislature, as attorney general, in U.S. House of . . . — Map (db m88913) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1224 — County Named, 1797
For Col. William Christian, native Virginian, soldier, politician, and pioneer. Served as Colonel in Revolution, member Va. Legislature. Moved family to Jefferson County in 1785, where his Va. land grants totaled 9,000 acres. Killed 1786, defending . . . — Map (db m88910) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 577 — Courthouse Burned
Gen. Hylan B. Lyon with 800 men invaded Ky., Dec. 1864, to enforce CSA draft law and divert USA from Nashville. In 23 days he burned seven courthouses used by Union forces. See map on reverse side. Courthouse at Hopkinsville burned Dec. 12. All . . . — Map (db m88907) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1313 — Famous Prophet
Edgar Cayce-psychic counselor and healer. Accepted nationally, he was one of the best known in this field. A humble and religious man, Cayce never profited from his predictions. Used his reputed gift of extrasensory perception, including medical . . . — Map (db m88918) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1045 — First Presbyterian
Organized in 1813, traditionally by the Rev. Gideon Blackburn, a pioneer minister and missionary to the Cherokee Indians. Present church building, not including later additions, was built during the period 1848-1852. Used as a hospital during severe . . . — Map (db m88905) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 618 — Forrest Reconnoitered
CSA Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest with 6 cavalry companies joined Gen. Charles Clark here Nov. 15, 1861. Forrest made reconnaissance and foraging expeditions out of here. See map on other side. When on one he defeated USA forces in Battle of . . . — Map (db m88922) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1690 — Grace Episcopal Church
Side 1 Organized in 1831 by local laymen with aid of George P. Giddinge, Md. missionary, who became first rector, and Benjamin B. Smith, later first Bishop of Ky. and Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church. First church was built ca. . . . — Map (db m88903) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 880 — Hdqrs. CSA Commander / 101 CSA Unknown
Side 1 Hdqrs. CSA Commander Nathan Bedford Forrest, stationed in Hopkinsville during winter of 1861-62, resided, with wife and daughter, in log house, the third residence south. As colonel, in command 6 companies CSA Cavalry, . . . — Map (db m88921) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1501 — Hotel Latham
Erected on this site, 1894, and named for Hopkinsville native and philanthropist, John C. Latham, Jr. Structure was Italian Renaissance style. It became a well-known tourist stop, social and civic center. Among famous guests: Vice President Charles . . . — Map (db m88902) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 2190 — Lewis & Clark in KentuckyWilliam Clark / Thomas Allsbury
Side 1 William Clark William Clark, coleader of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, and his family stopped at Allsbury’s Tavern in Hopkinsville on Oct. 2, 1809. In 1807 Clark was appointed militia brigadier general and chief Indian . . . — Map (db m88909) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1041 — Peace Park
Bequest to city of Hopkinsville with funds for beautification and maintenance by John C. Latham of New York, a native of Hopkinsville. A generous and forgiving gift. Mr. Latham was owner of a large tobacco warehouse on this site that was destroyed, . . . — Map (db m88897) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1268 — Pioneer Graveyard1812-1858
Within this enclosure are buried 185 named persons, and many more unknown, all early settlers of Christian County. The land for this cemetery was donated in 1812 by Bartholomew Wood, the first settler in Hopkinsville. He also donated land and timber . . . — Map (db m88914) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — Ted Poston "Dean of Black Journalists"
He covered major civil rights stories of his era and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1949. Poston received numerous other awards, including the George Polk Award in Journalism for national reporting. His book of short stories, The Dark Side . . . — Map (db m105693) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1042 — The Trail of Tears
A camping ground, Oct. 1838, for a part of the Cherokee Indians who were forcibly moved from their homes in the Smoky Mountain region of N. Car. and Tenn. to Indian Terr., now Okla. Badly clothed and fed, hundreds became ill and many died, among . . . — Map (db m88883) HM
Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 882 — Union General's Grave
Brig. Gen. James S. Jackson, USA, killed in battle of Perryville on Oct. 8, 1862, is buried in south end of cemetery. Born Woodford Co., Ky., 1823. First Lt., Mexican War, then practiced law in Greenup. He came Hopkinsville, 1855. Elected to . . . — Map (db m88916) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 625 — "Morgan's Men" Here
CSA Gen. John H. Morgan's cavalry first raided Kentucky July, 1862. Took Cynthiana but, faced by large USA forces, withdrew. Destroyed arms here on 19th and went to Richmond. On last raid, June 1864, after two battles at Mt. Sterling, they moved by . . . — Map (db m67760) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 2256 — Clark County Courthouse
Side 1: Clark County, named in honor of Revolutionary War hero General George Rogers Clark, was created in 1792. A two-room log cabin courthouse built here in 1794 on land donated by John Baker. Replaced by two-story brick bldg. in 1797. . . . — Map (db m67785) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1319 — Clark County Hemp
One of the ten Bluegrass counties which produced over 90 percent of the entire country's yield in late 1800s. Production increased from 155 tons in 1869 to over 1,000 tons in 1889, valued at about $125 per ton. In 1942, Winchester selected as site . . . — Map (db m67704) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1358 — Colbyville Tavern
Built in 1820s by Colby Taylor as a place of rest and entertainment on stage road from Winchester to Lexington. In 1832, President Andrew Jackson visited here on his trip to Winchester. During antebellum heyday in late 1840s, popular stop for those . . . — Map (db m67745) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1217 — County Named 1793Clark County
For General George Rogers Clark, who came to Kentucky territory from Virginia, 1775. He commanded expedition into Illinois territory in 1778-79, taking the British forts which held the northwest for future U S settlement, and capturing commander of . . . — Map (db m67757) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1399 — East Broadway Cemetery
In 1833 town trustees bought about an acre for $45 for public burial ground. First cholera epidemic in U.S. reached here. Seventy-five victims were buried here in 1833. John Ward, town trustee and a leader in forming cemetery, and his wife were both . . . — Map (db m67786) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 127 — Governor James Clark
Home and monument of James Clark 1779-1839. Governor of Kentucky, 1836-1839. Member of Congress; Judge, Court of Appeals. As Circuit Judge he rendered his famous decision which set off the old and the new court fight in 1821. — Map (db m67748) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 951 — Hanson Home Site
Here lived five Hanson brothers, Civil War soldiers, USA and CSA. For USA: Col. Charles S., hero of Battle of Lebanon, July, 1863; Pvt. Samuel K.-died in service. For CSA: Brig. Gen. Roger, mortally wounded in the Battle of Stone's River, Jan. 2, . . . — Map (db m67753) HM WM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1319 — Hemp in Kentucky
Hemp in Kentucky - First crop grown, 1775. From 1840 to 1860, Ky.'s production largest in U.S. Peak in 1850 was 40,000 tons, with value of $5,000,000. Scores of factories made twine, rope, oakum to caulk sailing ships and cotton bagging. State's . . . — Map (db m67705) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 2250 — Homer C. Ledford
Side 1: Homer Ledford (1927-2006) was a master craftsman, musician, and teacher. Born in Tennessee, he came to Kentucky to attend Berea College & graduated from Eastern Ky. University. Ledford founded the Cabin Creek Band in 1976 & led . . . — Map (db m67751) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 1068 — Old Providence Church
Daniel Boone attended, Squire, Jr., Samuel, and Mary Boone baptized here. Church name changed, 1790, from Howard's Creek to Providence. William Bush, a member of Boone's second Ky. expedition, built the present stone structure of native limestone. . . . — Map (db m30831) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 710 — Rare 1860 Tombstones
In the burial ground, one-fourth mile east, are two rare Carrara marble tombstones carved in Italy by Joel Tanner Hart, the world renowned sculptor. He brought the stones to America, 1860, at time of unveiling of his great statue of Henry Clay in . . . — Map (db m67788) HM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 679 — Roy Stuart Cluke
Site of home and farm from which Cluke enlisted in the Confederate army. Commissioned Colonel of 8th Regt. Ky. Cavalry CSA, Sept. 1862. Immediate action in Ky. won the confidence of Gen. John H. Morgan; was with Morgan in Dec. 1862 and July 1863 . . . — Map (db m67706) WM
Kentucky (Clark County), Winchester — 731 — Sculptor's BirthplaceJoel Tanner Hart
Birthplace of Joel Tanner Hart, 1810, sculptor and poet. Began as stone-cutter, 1830. Went to Florence, Italy, 1840. Famed for busts: John Jordan Crittenden, Cassius M. Clay, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson. Marble statues: Woman Triumphant, Il . . . — Map (db m67787) HM
Kentucky (Clay County), Manchester — 568 — A Masterful Retreat
Gen. George W. Morgan's Union forces occupied Cumberland Gap June 18 to Sept. 17, 1862. Cut off from supplies and surrounded, Morgan with 9,000 men withdrew. They camped here Sept. 19-21, to perfect organization for march. Made fruitless supply . . . — Map (db m73926) WM
Kentucky (Clay County), Manchester — 836 — County Named, 1806
For Gen. Green Clay, 1757-1826. Born in Va. Came to Ky., 1777. Va. Legislature, 1788-89, and Va. Convention that ratified Federal Constitution. From 1793 t0 1808 in Ky. House, Senate, Const. Conv. May, 1813,Gen Clay with 3000 Kentuckians, at Ft. . . . — Map (db m49184) HM
Kentucky (Clay County), Manchester — 531 — Goose Creek Salt Works
On Oct. 23, 1862, 22nd USA Brig. including 1st, 2nd and 20th Ky. Infantry moved here in wake of retreating CSA forces. 500 men worked 36 hours to destroy salt works mainly owned by unionists but used by Confederates. Loyal USA citizens allowed to . . . — Map (db m73925) WM
Kentucky (Clay County), Manchester — 1929 — Gov. Bert T. Combs (1959-1963)/Bert T. Combs (1911 – 1991)
(Front): Gov. Bert T. Combs (1959-1963) Accomplishments during Comb’s administration included highways connecting eastern and western Ky., expansion of state parks system, a statutory merit system for state employees, an end to . . . — Map (db m49185) HM
Kentucky (Clay County), Oneida — 908 — Chief Red Bird
Was a legendary Cherokee Indian for whom this fork of the Kentucky River is named. He and another Indian, Jack, whose name was given creek to the south, were friendly with early settlers and permitted to hunt in area. Allegedly they were killed in . . . — Map (db m87567) HM
Kentucky (Clay County), Oneida — John Gilbert, Sr. Memorial Highway
(Side One) Named in honor of first white man to settle on Red Bird River, at the mouth of Gilbert’s Creek. A veteran of Revolutionary War, John Gilbert came here to hunt and trap. He surveyed and claimed much of Clay, Leslie and Harlan . . . — Map (db m87568) HM
Kentucky (Clay County), Oneida — 2024 — Oneida Baptist Institute
The land for what became Oneida Baptist Institute was donated by Martha Coldiron Hogg and S.P. Hogg in September 1899. The school was founded by James Anderson Burns, December 20, 1899, as Mamre Baptist College to meet the social, educational, and . . . — Map (db m39148) HM
Kentucky (Crittenden County), Marion — 1160 — County Named, 1842
For John J. Crittenden, 1787-1863, one of Kentucky’s great statesmen. 15th Governor of the state. Attorney General under three Presidents. US Senator five times. Noted for Crittenden Compromise, 1860, futile effort to avert Civil War and . . . — Map (db m79187) HM
Kentucky (Crittenden County), Marion — 596 — Courthouse Burned
Twenty-two Kentucky courthouses were burned during Civil War, nineteen in last fifteen months: twelve by Confederates, eight by guerrillas, two by Union accident. See map on reverse side. The courthouse at Marion was burned by guerrillas in . . . — Map (db m79179) HM
Kentucky (Daviess County), Knottsville — 2354 — Knottsville, Kentucky/Leonard Knott Homestead
(side 1) Knottsville, Kentucky On this site in 1827, Leonard Knott built the first house in Knottsville. James Millay named the town in 1833 when he opened a store and post office nearby. In 1834, the name was officially set in the . . . — Map (db m47838) HM
Kentucky (Edmonson County), Cave City — 1385 — Sand Cave
Floyd Collins was first to explore Sand Cave. Fallen rock trapped him in narrow passage 150 ft. from entrance, Jan. 30, 1925. Rescuers reached him with food and heat for short time. Aid cut off by shifting earth closing passage. Engineers sank . . . — Map (db m319) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1 — "Ashland"
Historic home of Henry Clay Orator - Statesman - Patriot Kentucky's favorite son Born - 1777 Died - 1852. — Map (db m35838) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1928 — African American Physicians
Site of office building which housed prominent African-American physicians and pharmacy. Among the doctors who practiced here between 1909 and 1930 were Obed Cooley; Nathaniel J. Ridley; J.C. Coleman; John Hunter, first African-American surgeon at . . . — Map (db m68193) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2381 — Artistides
(Obverse) In May 1875, an estimated 10,000 racing fans watched the first running of the Kentucky Derby. Among the field of fifteen thoroughbreds, Aristides, the “little red horse,” won the mile-and-one-half race. Oliver Lewis, a . . . — Map (db m78750) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2235 — Ashland / Clay & Abraham Lincoln
Ashland Home of Henry Clay, born April 12, 1777, died June 29, 1852. Served as a state legislator, US rep. & senator, house speaker, secretary of state. He ran for president in 1824, 1832, & 1844. Also an attorney, he practiced law for more than . . . — Map (db m35845) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2305 — Ashland Park / Olmsted Brothers In KY
(obverse) Ashland Park In 1904, descendants of Henry Clay hired famed landscape architects, Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and John Charles Olmsted, to design Ashland Park neighborhood on the 600-acre estate. Constructed over a 15-year . . . — Map (db m57505) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 14 — Beck House
Residence of James Burnie Beck. Born Dumfriesshire, Scot., 1822, died Washington, D.C., 1890. Law partner John C. Breckinridge. Congressman from Ky., 1867-75. U.S. Senator from Ky. 1876-90. — Map (db m35840) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1742 — Breckinridge's Last Home
Built circa 1866, this house was occupied by John C. Breckinridge in 1874-1875. The former U.S. senator and youngest U.S. vice-president was also a Confederate general and secretary of war. After exile, he returned to Lexington in 1869 and resumed . . . — Map (db m57476) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 21 — Bryan's Station
Camping place in 1775-76 of the brothers Morgan, James, William and Joseph Bryan. In 1779 was fortified as a station which in Aug. 1782 repelled a siege of Indians and Canadians under Capt. William Caldwell and Simon Girty. — Map (db m35894) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1783 — Cedar Hall - Helm Place
This antebellum Greek Revival Home was part of Bowman estate. Col. Abraham Bowman commanded 8th Va. Regt. in Revolution. Behind house was Todd's Station, built 1779 by Levi Todd, grandfather of Mary Todd Lincoln and Emilie Todd Helm. Mrs. Helm, wife . . . — Map (db m14009) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1613 — Col. Robert Patterson (1753-1827) / Patterson Cabin
(obverse) Col. Robert Patterson (1753-1827) A large landholder, Patterson took part in founding Lexington, Cincinnati and Dayton. Chose site of Lexington, helped erect fort, April 1779, and laid off town; on Board of Trustees for . . . — Map (db m61080) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 166 — Coldstream Farm
Famous Kentucky horse farm. Known earlier as McGrathiana. The home of Aristides, the first winner of the Kentucky Derby. — Map (db m70578) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 125 — Colonel George Nicholas
Grave of George Nicholas 1754-1799 Revolutionary soldier Virginia House of Delegates Father of Kentucky Constitution First Kentucky Attorney General Professor of Law at Transylvania University — Map (db m61134) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1033 — Eastern State Hospital
The second State Mental Hospital built in the U.S. Established by legislative act of Dec. 4, 1822, which named commissioners to buy and operate it in Fayette County. They acquired The Fayette Hospital organized in 1816. "The Lunatic Asylum" opened . . . — Map (db m35844) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1001 — Ellerslie
The home which stood on this site from 1787 to 1947 was built by Levi Todd (1756-1807), who named it for his ancestral village in Scotland. He was one of a party of hunters who named Lexington in 1775; first Fayette County clerk; aide to George . . . — Map (db m70579) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1440 — Fayette County
One of the three original counties formed when Kentucky Co., Virginia, was divided by Va. Act in 1780. Included area north and east of Ky. River, 37 persent-day counties and parts of 7 others. Reduced to its present boundaries by 1799. Named . . . — Map (db m14016) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1551 — First Inauguration
Isaac Shelby was inaugurated as lst governor of Kentucky, June 4, 1792, at building on West Main Street; built as a market house, 1791-92. After Kentucky's admission to Union, the structure was also used as a State House during the legislative . . . — Map (db m68215) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2277 — First Presbyterian Church
(obverse) Founded 1784. Oldest congregation in continuous existence in city. Founders were hunting party members who selected city’s site and named it Lexington in honor of first battle of the American Revolution. First pastor Adam Rankin’s . . . — Map (db m59162) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 6 — First Race Course
Near this spot pioneers in 1780 established the starting point of the first race path in Kentucky, extending southward one quarter mile. — Map (db m35841) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 9 — Fort Clay
Extensive earthworks with ditch, drawbridges and magazine were constructed here by Federal forces after the Battle of "Ashland," May 1862. — Map (db m35842) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 139 — Henry Clay's Law Office
Erected 1803-04, this is the only office standing used by Clay; he occupied it from 1804 until ca. 1810. During these significant years in his career, Clay was elected to successive terms in legislature and to unexpired terms in the United States . . . — Map (db m59165) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1806 — Historic Land
The land upon which Pleasant Green Baptist Church stands was conveyed in 1822 by Dr. Frederick Ridgely, a white surgeon in Lexington, to trustees Harry Quills, Benjamin Admon, and Solomon Walker, all slaves, for purpose of erecting an African . . . — Map (db m68132) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2365 — Hunt-Morgan House
(Obverse): 1814 Federal-style home, named Hopemont, retains original architectural features, including a cantilevered staircase & fanlight window. Saved from demolition by the Blue Grass Trust in 1955. Built by John Wesley Hunt . . . — Map (db m59107) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1875 — James Lane Allen(1849-1925)
This Transylvania honor graduate, who later taught there, won an international audience with his nostalgic stories and novels of Bluegrass region. Allen was born near Lexington. By 1893, after his work became popular, he moved to New York City. He . . . — Map (db m59083) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 4 — Jefferson Davis
For three years (1821-1824) while a student at Transylvania University Jefferson Davis (afterwards President of Southern Confederacy) lived here with Joseph Ficklin then Postmaster of Lexington. — Map (db m35839) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1803 — John Hunt Morgan (1825-1864)
(Front): Known as the "Thunderbolt of the Confederacy," Morgan was born in Huntsville, Alabama; in 1831 moved to Lexington. After attending Transylvania, he fought in the Mexican war. In Lexington, he prospered as owner of hemp factory and . . . — Map (db m14014) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2 — Keeneland
Here on May 14, 1825, General LaFayette was entertained by Major John Keene who had served as his aide-de-camp during the Revolutionary War. — Map (db m30837) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2219 — Lewis And Clark In KentuckyWilliam Clark In Lexington/Meriwether Lewis In Lexington
(obverse) William Clark in Lexington Clark, coleader of the 1803-1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, and his family spent October 30, 1809, at Lexington's Traveler's Hall, operated by Cuthbert Banks. Clark also visited expedition . . . — Map (db m58535) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 0136 — Lexington
Named in honor of first Battle of the American Revolution. William McConnell was among the party of hunters who came to site from Harrodsburg in 1775. Built cabin to obtain land title but driven off by Indians. Lexington later settled by Robert . . . — Map (db m58498) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 2285 — Lexington1850-1875
Obverse Famous thoroughbred stallion bred by Elisha Warfield, "father of Ky. Turf." One of the first major stallions in the area, helped center US breeding industry in Ky. Stood at Robert Alexander's Woodburn Farm. Farm fell victim to Morgan's . . . — Map (db m70406) HM
Kentucky (Fayette County), Lexington — 1550 — Lexington Cemetery
Incorporated in 1849, Lexington Cemetery was laid out as a natural landscape park. Both Confederate and Union soldiers are buried in this cemetery. Towering over Henry Clay's grave is a 120-foot monument surmounted by his statue. Other noted men, . . . — Map (db m61033) HM

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