Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail Historical Markers

Markers related to the War of 1812 in the area of the Chesapeake Bay produced by the National Parks Service.
 
Wide view of Barney at Bladensburg Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. Makali Bruton, January 25, 2015
Wide view of Barney at Bladensburg Marker
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Barney at Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Barney Circle honors U.S. Navy Commodore Joshua Barney. In August 1814, Barney, his Chesapeake Flotillamen, and a contingent of U.S. Marines guarded a bridge over the Eastern Branch (Anacostia River) on today's Bladensburg Road, NE. When it became . . . — Map (db m80473) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Heroes of 1814 — Star-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
Congressional Cemetery, founded 1807, is the resting ground for many War of 1812 figures. Among them are Navy Yard Commandant Thomas Tingey, the first architect of the Capitol, Dr. William Thornton, State Department Clerk Stephen Pleasonton, and . . . — Map (db m80481) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Destroying the Library — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The original Library of Congress occupied a room in the U.S. Capitol. When British troops burned the Capitol in 1814, the collection was destroyed. After the war Thomas Jefferson helped re-establish the library by selling to Congress at a . . . — Map (db m80848) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Fiery Destruction — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
“[The British] put a slow match to the [Sewall] house … and those rockets burst until … they made the rafters fly East and West.” — Enslaved African American diarist and eyewitness, Michael Shiner. As the British . . . — Map (db m87856) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Capitol in Flames — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The U.S. Capitol was the British troop's first target when they arrived in Washington on August 24, 1814, only hours after their afternoon victory at the Battle of Bladensburg. The invaders fired rockets through the Capitol's windows. When the . . . — Map (db m80844) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Peace at Last!Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Octagon Once was the city residence of wealthy Virginia landowner Colonel John Tayloe III. After the British burned the White House and other government buildings, President James Madison accepted Tayloe's invitation to use the Octagon as a . . . — Map (db m87563) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Georgetown RefugeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Dumbarton House
In 1814 this was the home of the Charles Carroll family, fiends of President James Madison and his wife, Dolley. Carroll came to the President’s House on August 24, as Madison was returning from the defeat at Battle of Bladensburg. Soon word arrived . . . — Map (db m95914) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Watching the FlamesStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Tudor Place
On August 24, 1814, as word spread that the British were coming, Dr. William Thornton and his wife Anna Marie fled their downtown F Street home and took refuge here at Tudor Place, home of their friend Martha Parke Custis Peter. That night, Mrs. . . . — Map (db m95949) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Escape Across the PotomacStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
As war with Britain wore on, some U.S. military leaders believed the nation's capital, with its inland location and military defenses, was safe. So Washingtonians were cruelly surprised when the British invaded on August 24, 1814. As the enemy . . . — Map (db m97215) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Standing GuardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Fort Severn and Fort Madison on this stretch of the Severn River, along with a gun battery at Horn Point in Eastport, made Annapolis the best-fortified city in Maryland at the start of the War of 1812.

British ships hovered near the harbor . . . — Map (db m79920) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Tense TimeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Enemy ships lying off Sandy Point kept Annapolis on edge in August 1813, as the city braced for attack. It was a trying time for the British, too. A newspaper reported August 14: “Seven deserters came on shore at Sandy Point.” It was . . . — Map (db m79916) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — The City SparedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British vessels anchored offshore several times in 1813 and 1814, giving Annapolis good reason to expect an attack. Lookouts watched enemy maneuvers from the statehouse dome. Public records were removed from the city for safekeeping. When British . . . — Map (db m79936) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Prized PropertyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
A victory off the coast of Brazil inspired John Contee to name this property “Java’s Farm.” Contee was a lieutenant on the USS Constitution when it captured and burned the British frigate HMS Java, December 29, 1812.

Contee . . . — Map (db m80857) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Linthicum Heights — The Heart SpokeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Twin Oaks - the name evokes a rural character long since lost to this part of Anne Arundel County. Built in 1857 by William Linthicum, this antebellum manor home presided over a 130-acre farm. Twin oaks was the summer retreat of . . . — Map (db m68392) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Lothian — Bitter EndStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Joshua Barney’s Chesapeake Flotilla was trapped in the shallows just upriver from here. With orders to keep his boats out of enemy hands, Barney reluctantly ordered his men to destroy the flotilla when the British approached. They laid trains of . . . — Map (db m79987) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Pasadena — Observing the EnemyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Bodkin Island, having an excellent view down the Bay, was an observation station long before the war. The "Bodkin Telegraphe", a flag-signalling system based on Baltimore's Federal Hill, alerted Baltimore merchants from here as their ships . . . — Map (db m76732) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Pasadena — Prime ViewStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
What became Fort Smallwood provided an ideal vantage point for the start - and end - of the British assalut on Baltimore in 1814. On September 11, ships anchored across the river from here. More than 4,500 troops were rowed ashore at North Point to . . . — Map (db m75087) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — OutnumberedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
When 250-300 British troops crossed from Tilghman Island to Town Point on October 27, 1814, they easily overcame five local militiamen manning a nine-pound cannon. They burned three buildings, and a windmill.

Moving up Herring Creek, they . . . — Map (db m79956) WM

Maryland, Baltimore — “Baltimore must be tamed…”Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Baltimore’s importance as the commercial heart of the Chesapeake region wasn’t the only reason the British wanted to capture the city in 1814. They also wanted to stifle Fell’s Point---the home port for many of the privateers that preyed on British . . . — Map (db m79711) WM
Maryland, Baltimore — A Pivotal Battle
British ships launched an attack on Fort McHenry early on September 13, 1814. The fort defended the water approach to the city of Baltimore. The future of the city and possibly the United States depended on the outcome. After the American defeat at . . . — Map (db m61551) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore Turns the TideStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
After crushing the Americans at Bladensburg and invading the Nation’s Capital, the British targeted Baltimore. If they could capture the city---the third largest in the United States and a commercial and shipbuilding hub---they could likely bring . . . — Map (db m79868) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Crafting a LegacyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
In 1813, Mary Pickersgill’s flag-making business was commissioned to sew a garrison flag and a smaller storm flag for Fort McHenry, Mary’s mother, daughter, nieces, and African American servants helped complete the task in about seven weeks.

On . . . — Map (db m79832) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Final RestStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Once Baltimore’s most prestigious cemetery, Westminster Burying Ground was the final resting place for many prominent Baltimoreans, including some 25 from the War of 1812. Notable burials include: General Samuel Smith, commander of American forces . . . — Map (db m79848) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Fire PowerStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Bellona Gunpowder Company mills, operating from 1801 to 1856, was located in present-day Robert E. Lee Park along the banks of the Jones Falls. Bellona was one of several Baltimore powder mills and produced explosives used in the defense of . . . — Map (db m78310) HM WM
Maryland, Baltimore — Former GloryStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The mouth of Harris Creek was once part of Baltimore’s thriving maritime industry. David Stodder began building ships here in the 1780s. The first U.S. Navy frigate, Constellation, launched from Stodders Shipyard in 1797 and played an active role . . . — Map (db m79670) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — In Full GloryStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
At home in the city credited with helping to turn the tide for Americans in the War of 1812, the collections of the Maryland Historical Society preserve evidence of the people who live this history. The Center for Maryland History has the nation’s . . . — Map (db m79842) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Inspired WordsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
After 10 harrowing days aboard ship and witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key spent his first night ashore at the Indian Queen Tavern, September 16-17, 1814. The inn operated at this site until the 1830s.

Moved by . . . — Map (db m79849) WM

Maryland, Baltimore — Mob SceneStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Site — War of 1812
Incited by anti-war editorials in the Federal Republican, an angry mob destroyed the newspaper’s Gay Street office in June 1812. Rioters returned when editor Alexander Contee Hanson resumed publication from the Charles Street site on July 27. . . . — Map (db m79870) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Mounted MessengersStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Captain Henry Thompson, Clifton Mansion’s original owner, formed the First Baltimore Horse Artillery unit in 1813. General John Stricker chose Thompson’s troop to report on enemy movements at the August 1814 Battle of Bladensburg.

Selected as . . . — Map (db m79744) WM

Maryland, Baltimore — On GuardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Three gun batteries hugging the upper shore of Ferry Branch guarded the west flank of Fort McHenry. They included the makeshift earthworks of Fort Babcock, the incomplete Fort Covington, and a temporary redoubt at Ferry Point.

During the . . . — Map (db m79813) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Prelude to WarStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Events here October 4, 1808, known as “Gin Riots” were more rallies than riots. Some 1,300 horsemen, 400 sailors, and thousands of civilians paraded to Hampstead Hill to destroy 720 gallons of Dutch gin.

The British, intercepting . . . — Map (db m79651) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Show of StrengthStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
After the stinging defeat at Bladensburg and invasion of Washington, Americans rallied to save Baltimore. All available able-bodied men were called to build defenses. Black and white, slave and free, united to dig earthworks across Hampstead Hill . . . — Map (db m79653) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Strategic PostStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Known as Lookout Hill, this high ground served as observation post, military camp, and gun battery. Although unfinished when the British arrived, the battery helped fend off a naval flanking attack September 14, 1814. Had the enemy maneuver . . . — Map (db m79809) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — Map (db m79710) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Young MartyrsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Daniel Wells, 19 and Henry McComas, 18, made history September 12, 1814, when they allegedly killed a British commander Major General Robert Ross. The two sharpshooters fired simultaneously. Both were quickly dead by British soldier.

Considered . . . — Map (db m79841) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — At Patapsco NeckStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The narrow land shaped by Bear Creek, Bread and Cheese Creek, and Back River was the site of the Battle of North Point, September 12, 1814. Some 3,200 Americans clashed with 4,500 British to delay the advance on Baltimore.

When Britain . . . — Map (db m79747) WM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Defenders HonoredStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The excitement was palpable as crowds gathered here September 12, 1839, to mark the 25th anniversary of the Battle of North Point. Officials laid the cornerstone for a memorial to the citizens-soldiers who defended Baltimore against British attack . . . — Map (db m79749) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Delay TacticStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In preparation for a probable British landing at North Point, defensive earthworks were partially dug at a narrows in the Patapsco Peninsula three miles south of here. Midway between North Point and the American defenses at Baltimore, British forces . . . — Map (db m88795) WM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Hitting HomeStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
People living in the path of the British army as it marched toward Baltimore in September 1814 feared the worst. Some hurriedly hid valuables; others packed what they could and fled. Residents who remained faced the enemy with courage.

The . . . — Map (db m83039) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Proud of Our StandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In 1814 Baltimore's defenders watched about 4,500 British troops march from North Point toward the city. Roughly 3,200 Americans, led by Brigadier General John Stricker, were sent to impede the advance. He positioned his men across a road at a . . . — Map (db m68528) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Proud of Our StandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
In 1814 Baltimore's defenders watched about 4,500 British troops march from North Point toward the city. Roughly 3,200 Americans, led by Brigadier General John Stricker, were sent to impede the advance. He positioned his men across a road at a . . . — Map (db m79757) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Squeeze TacticStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
After an impressive victory at Washington, the British targeted Baltimore, the third largest city in the nation with a population of more than 40,000. Troops landed at North Point September 12, 1814, and began marching north to attack the city from . . . — Map (db m102886) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — To Honor the HeroesStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Baltimore successfully resisted the British assault in September 1814, thanks to thousands of determined volunteer citizen-soldiers. The following year a grateful city laid the cornerstone for the Battle Monument in downtown Baltimore, the first War . . . — Map (db m83041) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Dundalk — Witness to BattleStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The Methodist Meeting House that stood near this site saw action September 11-12, 1814. Brigadier General John Stricker camped 3,200 troops here to await the enemy’s advance. When the Americans withdrew, British soldiers camped on the same grounds. . . . — Map (db m83036) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Fort Howard — The LandingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Transport ships carrying a British invasion force arrived in Old Road Bay, September 11, 1814. Before dawn the next day, troops were ferried to this landing site to begin the 15-mile march to Baltimore. Reinforced by navy warships, they expected . . . — Map (db m79775) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — A Heavy PriceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Private Bernard Todd paid dearly for having his home used for military purposes. When the British threatened Baltimore in 1813, it was headquarters for American troops who guarded the Patapsco Neck. Todd’s property also served as a signal house and . . . — Map (db m80869) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Sparrows Point — Unexpected ResistanceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British troops landing at North Point on September 12, 1814, could almost taste victory. Three weeks earlier they defeated the Americans at Bladensburg and invaded Washington. Now 4,500 men marched up North Point Road toward Baltimore, while the . . . — Map (db m79759) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Hometown HeroStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Nathan Towson, born 1784 in the area named for his family, served in the U.S. Army for 42 years. He enlisted in 1812 when war with Britain seemed imminent. As an artillery captain, Towson distinguished himself in nearly every major engagement on the . . . — Map (db m83413) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Towson — Wartime SupportStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Northampton Iron Furnace, operating from 1761 to about 1830 approximately a mile north of here, played a significant role in the War of 1812. Part of the prosperous Hampton estate, the foundry’s workforce was made up primarily of enslaved . . . — Map (db m83051) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Huntingtown — Warships and Raids
War vessels passed by here in 1814. The Chesapeake Flotilla, consisting of 50- and 75-foot gun barges, sought safety in shallow waters upstream. British ships hotly pursued, and Americans eventually scuttled the flotilla to keep it from . . . — Map (db m68044) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Lower Marlboro — Town RavagedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
A British force of about 160 Royal Marines and 30 Colonial Marines (former slaves) took Lower Marlboro on June 15, 1814, without and resistance. Occupying the town overnight, they burned warehouses full of tobacco, stole a schooner, livestock, and . . . — Map (db m80885) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Owings — A County in RuinStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British raiding parties brought the war to Calvert County in 1814, destroying plantations and towns and carrying away the spoils. With the county’s tobacco-based economy and England as its primary market at the start of the war, Britain’s blockade . . . — Map (db m80882) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — British VengeanceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British forces landed at Hallowing Point July 21, 1814. They took 21 slaves and destroyed the home and barn of Colonel Benjamin Mackall. This was perhaps retaliation for the house being used by Calvert County militia.

“About 300 men . . . — Map (db m80892) HM

Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Panic in Prince Frederick
Imagine the horror of a night-time raid! Residents of Prince Frederick must have known they were British targets, as recent raids had already devastated nearby Lower Marlboro, St. Leonard, and Huntingtown. Alarm spread with news of . . . — Map (db m68045) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Apt AnchorageStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The point to the north protruding into the river is appropriately called “Point Patience” as it was difficult to maneuver around in the era of sail. The south side of the point provided good anchorage, visibility, protection from other . . . — Map (db m81121) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Enemy BlockadeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British warships blockaded the mouth of the Patuxent River after the Chesapeake Flotilla and Royal Navy skirmished off Cedar Point to the south June 1, 1814. Drum Point to the north served as a major British anchorage. The British made mischief in . . . — Map (db m81120) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Menace on the HorizonStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — War of 1812
Terror reigned along the Patuxent River in 1814. British invaders plundered and burned towns and plantations on both sides of the river. Menacing warships within view on Somervell’s Island (present-day Solomons) blockaded the river’s mouth, cutting . . . — Map (db m81097) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Perils along the PatuxentStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Southern Maryland was a dangerous place to live in the hot summer of 1814. British raiding parties traveled the Patuxent River and swept through the countryside terrorizing civilians and taking provisions for British troops gathering in the area. . . . — Map (db m81096) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Fate of the FlotillaStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Some of the fiercest fighting of the war occurred here, where St. Leonard Creek meets the Patuxent River. During the summer of 1814, the British navy tried to flush out and destroy Commodore Joshua Barney’s Chesapeake Flotilla—a rag-tag . . . — Map (db m80899) HM
Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Turning PointStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The original St. Leonard’s Town, at the head of St. Leonard Creek, served as the Chesapeake Flotilla’s base in June 1814. The flotilla moved out after intense fighting on June 26, exposing the town to destructive British raids.

The town site . . . — Map (db m80893) HM

Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — War on the WaterStar-Spangled National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The largest naval engagement in Maryland took place in St. Leonard Creek in June 1814. Americans prevailed in a series of skirmishes June 8-10, but the British ultimately trapped them in the creek. The first battle had little effect.

On June 26, . . . — Map (db m80898) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Shrewd DecisionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Hard Pressed Militiamen were often assigned elsewhere, leaving hometown defense to those exempted from service due to age or infirmity. Outnumbered, and with limited artillery and ammunition, even the bravest defenders rarely rebuffed an . . . — Map (db m79526) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earlsville — Hilltop ViewStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Mount Harmon Plantation
Mount Harmon offered a vantage point for events unfolding along the Sassafras May 6, 1813. Barges of British marines passed by en route to Georgetown and Fredericktown. As they returned, smoke rose in the skies behind them from the burning of both . . . — Map (db m96600) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of . . . — Map (db m73839) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Fighting BackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
British raiders traveled along rivers to Upper Bay towns in 1813. Elkton, at the head of Elk River, expected to be a target, because it could be a landing site for an advance on Philadelphia. Citizens of Elkton built three earthen forts and placed . . . — Map (db m73837) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Spirited RebuffStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The British took their terror campaign to the Elk River in April 1813. Their target—Elkton—was protected by several forts.

After capturing a gun battery at Frenchtown, British raiders destroyed its storehouses, a fishery, and . . . — Map (db m80363) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Strong DefenseStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Fort Hollingsworth-Elk Landing
Three defensive earthworks safeguarded Elkton---Fort Hollingsworth, here, plus Defiance and Frederick downriver. A 60-foot chain across the channel secured the Elk River. On April 29, 1813, defenders at Fort Defiance fired on approaching British . . . — Map (db m96591) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — Map (db m73838) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), North East — Bird’s Eye ViewStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
From Bulls (or Bull) Mountain, American militia had a commanding view of Elk Neck peninsula. The observed the Upper Chesapeake Bay and North East River to the north and west, and Elk River to the south and east.

As enemy ships approached on . . . — Map (db m80362) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Revered SonStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Rogers Tavern
John and Elizabeth Rodgers owned and operated the mid-18th century Rogers Tavern here plus a tavern in Havre De Grace. They ran a ferry business between the two. The hostelry here was a popular stop on the Old Post Road.

Their famous son, . . . — Map (db m96571) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Striking a BlowStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
After burning much of Havre de Grace May 3, 1813, British raiders crossed the Susquehanna to Cecil County. At Principio Iron Works they captured a five-gun battery and destroyed the foundry complex and the bridge across Principio Creek. More than 40 . . . — Map (db m73790) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — “O! say can you see…”Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the . . . — Map (db m81475) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — On AlertStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Port Deposit, then called Creswell’s Ferry, was on high alert May 3, 1813. Smoke rising from towns across the river meant British raiders might strike here.

Port Deposit was spared, perhaps due to its well-defended battery. Or, as legend claims, . . . — Map (db m80347) HM

Maryland (Charles County), Benedict — The British are ComingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Residents along the Patuxent watched nervously as wave after wave of British warships approached the tiny town of Benedict. For months enemy raiders had terrorized Southern Maryland. Benedict felt their sting twice in June 1814. Now, August 19-20, . . . — Map (db m68046) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Enemy CampStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
More than 4,000 British troops camped in this valley and surrounding hills August 19, 1814. Leaving their ships anchored at Benedict, they headed north on August 20.

Over the next ten days they marched through grueling heat and storms, defeated . . . — Map (db m81190) WM

Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Solid GroundStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
More than 4,000 British troops camped here August 20, 1814, awaiting orders. After sailing from Bermuda in cramped quarters, they appreciated being on firm ground. One noted they were “made happy by the very feeling of the green sod under . . . — Map (db m81188) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Newburg — Potomac DiversionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812.
British vessels labored through Kettle Bottom Shoals near here in August 1814 during a diversionary expedition up the Potomac. When Americans destroyed Fort Washington (also called Fort Warburton) without firing a shot, the British proceeded . . . — Map (db m97034) WM
Maryland (Dorchester County), St. Michaels — Deflecting the EnemyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Local Lore hails St. Michaels for "fooling the British" during the War of 1812 by using lanterns to misdirect gunfire high above the town. It is certain that this shipbuilding village successfully fended off two enemy assaults in 1813. On . . . — Map (db m61388) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Taylors Island — TrappedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Local militia attacked a British raiding party whose vessel was icebound near James Island February 7, 1815. Protected by a breastwork of ice, the Americans continued firing until the crew of 20 surrendered.

The two-hour skirmish, the . . . — Map (db m78799) WM

Maryland (Harford County), Aberdeen — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the . . . — Map (db m80609) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of . . . — Map (db m59829) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Attack at FrenchtownStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Frenchtown, on the Elk River, was struck on the morning of April 29, 1813. Rear Admiral Cockburn attempted a surprise attack and was greeted with a barrage from the town's battery. The guns had little effect and the British landed and burned the . . . — Map (db m64176) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — British LandingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The town's defenders -- numbering about 20 -- failed to prevent some 400 British troops from coming ashore May 3, 1813. A gun battery, probably located north of where the lighthouse now stands, was manned single-handedly by John . . . — Map (db m69226) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Hero's RewardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
John O'Neill led a futile defense when British raiders attacked Havre de Grace May 3, 1812. As other defenders fled, O'Neill briefly manned a cannon alone. His courage earned O'Neill a presidential appointment as first keeper of the Concord Point . . . — Map (db m69182) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Home BaseStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Five days before the 1813 attack on Havre de Grace, British ships anchored at Spesutia Island, just south of here. Island residents were "greatly terrified" upon their arrival, but were assured they would not be harmed. The Royal Navy used the . . . — Map (db m64165) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Home of RefugeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
As the British savagely burned the buildings in Havre de Grace during their morning attack May 3, 1813, the townspeople ran west for protection to a home that stood near this location. The home, known as Bloomsbury, was owned by Baltimore . . . — Map (db m80342) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Invasion at DawnStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The British fleet approached Havre de Grace at dawn on the morning of May 3, 1813 in small launches. Rear Admiral Cockburn favored attacking towns at first light. Havre de Grace residents awoke to the terrifying sounds of bombs exploding and rockets . . . — Map (db m64167) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Nineteenth Century TravelStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Travelers on the Post Road, the main route of north/south travel, passed through Havre de Grace and crossed the Susquehanna River on a ferry to Perryville. The ferry was chartered in 1695 and remained in use until the first railroad bridge was built . . . — Map (db m64140) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — No RespectStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
St. John's Episcopal Church survived the British attack on Havre de Grace May 3, 1813. The enemy spared the 1809 structure but damaged the interior. According to a newspaper account: "Finding nothing to steal (the raiders) 'magnanimously' . . . — Map (db m69194) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Out of the FlamesStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Rodgers House miraculously survived the 1813 burning of Havre de Grace. Dating from 1788, this is the town's oldest documented structure. John and Elizabeth Rodgers, parents of U.S. Naval hero John Rodgers, operated a tavern here. They also . . . — Map (db m64144) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Principio DestroyedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A target of the British during the War of 1812, Principio Iron Foundry was destroyed on May 3, 1813. the foundry, located on the Northeast River was owned by Samuel Hughes and had a contract with the U.S. Navy. In this raid Hughes' losses included . . . — Map (db m64177) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — River CrossingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Little evidence remains of what was once the northernmost navigable deep-water port on the Susquehanna River. The “Upper Ferry” crossed between here and Port Deposit.

When the British attacked May 3, 1813, they helped themselves to a . . . — Map (db m80344) HM

Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Screaming RocketsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
On the morning of May 3, 1813, the British came ashore at several points and set to work plundering and burning the town. they used Congreve rockets, which made horrible whizzing and popping sounds, to create chaos and terror. The British . . . — Map (db m64209) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — State of ReadinessStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812, Havre de Grace was a fishing village, but also played host to many travelers. The Post Road, the main route of land travel in the day, came through town, and travelers used the local ferry at the north end of town to cross . . . — Map (db m64166) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Surprise AttackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Cannon and rocket fire shook residents of Havre de Grace from their sleep as the British attacked at dawn May 3, 1813. An eyewitness reported: "Distressed people, women and children half naked" ran from their homes. The local militia fled, . . . — Map (db m59832) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Susquehanna Lower FerryStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The taverns and the ferry made Havre de Grace, originally called Susquehanna Lower Ferry, a successful town in the early 19th century. People arrived via the Post Road, the major route of north/south travel in the day, and crossed the Susquehanna . . . — Map (db m64141) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Under AttackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The British under Rear Admiral George Cockburn attacked Havre de Grace on May 3, 1813. They went from house to house, burning and confiscating belongings along the way. Beds were ripped apart, and furniture and clothing were ruined. "The hills . . . — Map (db m64142) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — Map (db m59827) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — American MettleStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
When four British barges entered Worton Creek in July 1814, local militia sprang into action. They ambushed the barges and forced them out of the creek. The Americans claimed they killed about 15 of the 20 enemy soldiers without losing any of their . . . — Map (db m80623) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — Common CauseStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The people of Chestertown---a commercial center connected to international trade---generally opposed going to war with Great Britain. Yet when war came, most supported the American effort. Chestertown sent many distinguished fighters to . . . — Map (db m80629) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — Rude AwakeningStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Early September 3, 1814, at Mitchell House, British raiders roused Joseph T. Mitchell and his wife from their bed, shot their horses, and abducted Mitchell. They believed he ws commissary general for all of Maryland.

His was a lesser job as . . . — Map (db m80628) HM

Maryland (Kent County), Galena — A Heavy PriceStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British Rear Admiral George Cockburn noted Georgetown and Fredericktown “were Places of some…Importance,” and the Sassafras the only upper river “I had not examined and cleared.” He led his full force toward the villages May . . . — Map (db m90695) WM
Maryland (Kent County), Georgetown — Daring to ResistStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
From opposite sides of the Sassafras River local militia fired at British raiders advancing toward Fredericktown and Georgetown May 5-6 , 1813. The militia fought only briefly before retreating, but the towns paid dearly. The British reduced much of . . . — Map (db m62346) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Kennedyville — Reluctant AideStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — War of 1812
On May 6, 1813, the British landed barges at Turner’s Creek—a village of about 60 people and an active port for grains and flour. Resident John Stavely was forced to lead the enemy vessels to Fredericktown and Georgetown. After destroying . . . — Map (db m80621) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Rock Hall — A DiversionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Captain Peter Parker arrived at Swan Creek in the HMS Menelaus August 20, 1814. The British had terrorized towns in the Upper Bay all summer, but Parker came with a special mission---to divert attention from a strike against the U.S. Capital. While . . . — Map (db m80634) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Rock Hall — Clever RuseStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — War of 1812
Lieutenant Colonel Philip Reed and his Maryland militia allegedly tried to fool British Troops at anchor off the Chester River. He directed his small force of cavalry to ferry back and forth between mainland and Eastern Neck Island, hoping British . . . — Map (db m80652) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Worton — Taking CommandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Lieutenant Colonel Philip Reed, buried here in 1829, excelled among Maryland militia officers. Reed countered several of the British hit-and-run raids along the Eastern Shore. His men fended off the enemy’s attack at Worton Creek and claimed victory . . . — Map (db m80622) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — A RefugeUnited States Capital for a Day — Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Many Washington residents fleeing the British invasion in August 1814 converged on this quiet village. Brookeville also provided a haven for hungry soldiers as they headed for Baltimore following the American Defeat at Bladensburg. On . . . — Map (db m76403) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Bladensburg MonumentsHonoring their Service — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
This crossroads has become a place for communities to commemorate their residents in service and death. Among the memorials dedicated here is the "Undaunted in Battle" Monument to those who served and died in the War of 1812 and the Battle of . . . — Map (db m78149) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — BostwickStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Preserving the Past
Bostwick House is an important, but fragile, historic resource with many community, local, and statewide partners engaged in collaborative planning to restore this significant structure. One of the first efforts at preservation was in 1936 when the . . . — Map (db m95992) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — BostwickStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — A Workplace of Many Generations
Although never part of an extensive agricultural plantation, the Bostwick House property was the workplace of many people over the centuries. The earliest residents, the Piscataway Indians, left some evidence that the area was used for hunting and . . . — Map (db m96004) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — BostwickStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — An Evolving Landscape
The 7.7 acres that comprise the landscape of Bostwick House provide a welcome respite of open space from the surrounding dense urban environment. The most prominent manmade feature of the land is the wide west lawn that is divided into four broad . . . — Map (db m96005) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — British AdvanceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
This house from the days when Bladensburg was a busy port town where George Washington stopped as he traveled the Old Post Road. On August 24, 1814, the British established an artillery position nearby and fired cannon and rockets at American . . . — Map (db m61081) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — British StopoverStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Bostwick House
British officers stopped at Bostwick House on August 24, 1814, then home of prisoner of war agent Col. Thomas Barclay. From Lowndes Hill, behind the house, British commander Robert Ross observed the American defensive lines.

Bostwick House . . . — Map (db m95991) HM WM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Casualties of WarStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Hilleary-Magruder House was likely one of many sites in town where more than 200 British and American soldiers wounded in the Battle of Bladensburg were taken for treatment and convalescence. Built in 1742 by William Hilleary, later the home of . . . — Map (db m61106) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Indian Queen TavernBladensburg Archaeology — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Around 1763, Jacob and Henrietta Wirt constructed a two story wooden tavern here. During the 18th century, taverns offered dinner, drink, and a comfortable bed to weary travelers. A decade later, Jacob died and left his property, including . . . — Map (db m78189) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Market Square & Stone HouseBladensburg Archaeology — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Christopher Lowndes, a prominent English merchant, constructed a small stone building here around 1760. Although he lived at Bostwick on the hill to the east, this property stayed in the Lowndes family until 1883. Over the past 250 years, . . . — Map (db m75902) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m78230) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bowie — Weary WarriorsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Exhausted from marching, battling at Bladensburg, and invading Washington, British soldiers stopped to rest. Many slept on Northampton Plantation property on August 26, 1814, before resuming their march to Upper Marlboro. By August 30, after the . . . — Map (db m78146) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Brandywine — Up in FlamesStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Tobacco was a target along the Patuxent in 1814. The British raided places stocked with hogsheads of tobacco ready for shipment. Filled with dried tobacco leaves, the wooden barrels burned easily. Imagine the spectacle on June 17 when 1,100 . . . — Map (db m75418) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Capitol Heights — MiseryStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
In the stifling heat on August 24, 1814, British soldiers struggled to keep up their march. They rested at Addison Chapel prior to that afternoon’s battle at Bladensburg.

Despite an altered roofline, chapel resembles the 1809 structure seen by . . . — Map (db m80059) HM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — A Valiant StandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
After penetrating two lines of defense, the British rushed toward the third line. Commodore Joshua Barney and Captain Samuel Miller with 400 flotillamen, 114 U.S. Marines, and some militia made a stand with five big guns across Bladensburg . . . — Map (db m97386) WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Bladensburg Dueling GroundsBattle of Bladensburg — Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Throughout much of the nineteenth century, the Bladensburg Dueling Grounds were well-known as a place to settle differences. The site was a secluded location, close to taverns, and fell outside of Washington D.C.'s boundaries, where dueling . . . — Map (db m73130) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Crossroads of Trade and TravelBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Standing here, where the 120-foot long wooden bridge would have carried the road between Bladensburg and Washington D.C., a traveler in 1814 would have experienced all manner of travel in and out of the popular community. Established in the . . . — Map (db m75905) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Famous FootstepsBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
As the militia – local citizens—defended this road, then known as the Bladensburg or Washington turnpike, from approaching British troops in 1814, three historical figures stood in the thick of the battle at or near this point: . . . — Map (db m73241) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Marines & FlotillamenStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Battle of Bladensburg
U.S. Marines, under Captain Samuel Miller, joined Commodore Joshua Barney’s flotillamen at the third line near here. Colonel William Thornton of the British Light Brigade led a charge and ran directly into the cannons under Barney’s command. A . . . — Map (db m97388) WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Second Line FallsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Second of three defensive lines blocking the British advance on Washington stretched along here. It was located on the first set of hills overlooking the river. The American militia was unprepared to face seasoned war veterans. Holding firm . . . — Map (db m69353) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Second Line FallsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Second of three defensive lines blocking the British advance on Washington stretched along here. It was located on the first set of hills overlooking the river. The American militia was unprepared to face seasoned war veterans. Holding firm . . . — Map (db m73131) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Storming the BridgeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A wooden bridge just upriver became the focal point on August 24, 1814, when American and British forces clashed in the Battle of Bladensburg. The British approached from the east, clarifying their intent -- to invade Washington. The Americans . . . — Map (db m61108) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m73190) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m75958) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m77080) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitolStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Battle of Bladensburg
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg.

While the American militia were unable to hold back the British . . . — Map (db m97389) WM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Blown to AtomsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A series of explosions rocked the Patuxent on August 22, 1814. Commodore Joshua Barney’s armed barges had eluded the British until their escape ended in the shallows of the river. His orders were clear: destroy the flotilla to keep it from enemy . . . — Map (db m61398) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Fort Washington — Self-DestructionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Explosions at Fort Washington August 27, 1814, surprised British and Americans alike. A British squadron slowly making its way up the Potomac expected resistance from the well-positioned fort. Alexandrians, fearing they were next after Washington’s . . . — Map (db m96373) WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Greenbelt — Time of HorrorStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Sounds of battle could be heard here from Bladensburg, six miles away, on August 24, 1814. Victorious British troops then moved into Washington, D.C. The sky was already aglow above the city; Americans has torched the Washington Navy Yard to . . . — Map (db m68566) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Riversdale Park — Signs of WarStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
"We have been in a state of continual alarm." - Rosalie Steir Calvert, 1814 From her home on August 24, 1814, Rosalie Stier Calvert saw rocket fire as the Battle of Bladensburg raged two miles away. Soon she would learn of . . . — Map (db m75327) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — British DisgraceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
British soldiers allegedly camped at Trinity Episcopal Church and tore pages from the church registry when they passed through in August 1814. Rector Thomas John Claggett also served St. Thomas Parish in Croom, another church on the British . . . — Map (db m74979) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Cat and MouseStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
American and British forces prepared for combat. American troops gathered at nearby Woodyard Plantation. They then marched northwest to an encampment at Long Old Fields. The British camped in what is now Andrews Air Force Base. Before the . . . — Map (db m74971) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Changing GuardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Nottingham was the Chesapeake Flotilla’s base in July and early August 1814. The town was hastily abandoned on August 21 as the British moved in. An enemy rear guard protected this important landing while the main force invaded Washington. British . . . — Map (db m61406) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Explosive SceneStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Imagine this scene on August 22, 1814, when explosions erupted on the Patuxent! The U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla scuttled their own vessels when British pursuers approached. With the flotilla destroyed, the British landed about 500 troops at Mount . . . — Map (db m61405) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Restless TimeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
About 3,200 American Troops waited at Long Old Fields on August 22, 1814,while Brigadier General William Winder Considered his next move. Camped eight miles from Washington, they could respond if the enemy advanced from either the Patuxent or . . . — Map (db m73986) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Tried for TreasonStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
John Hodges, the wealthy merchant who owned Darnall’s Chance, jailed the British soldiers that his neighbor William Beanes and other citizens arrested on August 27, 1814. The British threatened to “lay the town in ashes” unless their men . . . — Map (db m74020) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Turn of EventsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Dr. William Beanes, who opposed the war, cooperated with the British when they occupied Upper Marlboro August 22-23, 1814. Beanes reportedly dined with Major General Robert Ross. Later Ross ordered Beanes taken prisoner for arresting . . . — Map (db m74972) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Chester — Enemy OccupationStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Kent Island served as an ideal base of operations for the British in August 1813, as it was already an important link between Maryland’s eastern and western shores. The British took over the Kent Island-Annapolis ferry, including a cargo of cattle, . . . — Map (db m80825) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Grasonville — Road to BattleStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
About 300 British soldiers approached Queenstown by road on August 13, 1813. Their part in a two-pronged attack involved a steamy march across Kent Island and The Narrows, towing two field cannon. The nighttime march was interrupted near dawn by a . . . — Map (db m80814) WM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Kent Narrows — Crossing PointStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British soldiers approaching Queenstown by land August 13, 1813, had to negotiate a thin mile-long causeway through marshes at The Narrows. The only road connection between Kent Island and the Eastern Shore mainland was the crude hand-dug rutted . . . — Map (db m80824) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — British CommandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The British invaded Kent Island on August 5, 1813. British Rear Admiral George Cockburn of the Royal Navy planned an attack on Queenstown by land and water, a pincer attack. Even though this plan was questioned by his fellow commander, British Army . . . — Map (db m80689) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Lure of FreedomStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
(Inscription under the image in the upper left) Nathan escaped from jail along with a former slave, Daniel Johns. The town sheriff advertised in the Republican Star for their apprehension.

In April of 1814, British Admiral Cochrane issued a . . . — Map (db m80688) HM

Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Protecting the HomefrontStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail — War of 1812
Following the Chesapeake and Leopard affair in 1807 where American sailors were impressed into British service, there was outrage on the Eastern Shore. One of the three American sailors forcibly taken aboard the HMS Leopard was John Stachan, a . . . — Map (db m80691) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — The Battle Enjoined!Star-Spangled Banner Historic Trail — War of 1812
On the night of August 13, 300 British troops marched towards Queenstown where a large American militia force was said to be encamped. The cornfields provided a perfect cover for a picket guard of 20 Queen Anne’s County Maryland militia troops . . . — Map (db m80690) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Stevensville — British TakeoverStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Broad Creek was an obvious landing point for the 2,000-3,000 British troops coming ashore on Kent Island August 5, 1813. This had been a ferry landing since the 1600s. Stores of grain and pens of cattle, hogs, and sheep awaited transport to the . . . — Map (db m90634) WM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — No Match for British MightStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Bounded by the Patuxent and the Potomac, St. Mary’s County felt the squeeze as British invaders attacked along both rivers, plundering towns and plantations at will. Officials petitioned for federal help “to rescue and save us.” Little . . . — Map (db m81180) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — War Hits HomeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Sotterley and other nearby plantations paid a heavy price in the War of 1812. British blockades impeded trade of their principal cash crop -- tobacco -- and enemy raids plundered the region. In June 1814 British forces landed near Sotterley, . . . — Map (db m62610) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — A Town SparedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In July 1813, British troops seized St. Clements and St. George Islands and established a base at Point Lookout. From there they repeatedly raided the countryside, terrorizing local residents They ramped up their assault in the summer of . . . — Map (db m80392) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Invasion!Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Imagine the scene here on July 19, 1814, as Breton Bay filled with barges of British Royal Marines intent on attacking Leonardtown. Rear Admiral George Cockburn led the invasion force that came ashore at the town wharf. Raiders also approached the . . . — Map (db m62640) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Against the OddsStar-Spangled Banner National Trail
Both a squadron of the British navy and severe weather challenged the famed Chesapeake Flotilla off Cedar Point on June 1, 1814. The modest fleet of armed barges was assembled by Joshua Barney to harass British ships. With an inadequate professional . . . — Map (db m62589) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — A Crucial PointStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
This site, where the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River merge, was an observation post for Americans during the War of 1812. It was also staging area for local militia in early summer of 1813. Two- to Three-thousand British troops occupied the . . . — Map (db m62446) HM
Maryland (Talbot County), Easton — Bracing for an AttackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Easton expected to be a British target during the War of 1812. A two-story brick armory in the center of town housed cannon, small arms, and military stores to serve all Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Fort Stoakes, an earthworks built to protect Easton . . . — Map (db m80675) HM
Maryland (Talbot County), Sherwood — British OccupationStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The British overtook Tilghman and Poplar islands in the spring of 1813 and again in October 1814. The islands offered ready-access to Annapolis, Baltimore, and other potential targets.

A regiment of a thousand men began building winter barracks . . . — Map (db m80685) HM

Maryland (Talbot County), St. Michaels — Under FireStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Eleven British barges advanced on the small battery guarding St. Michaels at Parrott’s Point August 10, 1813. Their mission was to capture or destroy any armed vessels rumored to be operating on the river. American defenders fired twice, then . . . — Map (db m80676) HM
Maryland (Talbot County), St. Michaels — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was enrolled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high seas. . . . — Map (db m61389) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Fighting BackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
With Alexandria under British control in August 1814, top-ranking U.S. military men gathered at this high point above the city. President Madison conferred with Secretary of the Navy William Jones, Brigadier General John Hungerford, and U.S. Navy . . . — Map (db m81243) HM

163 markers matched your search criteria.
Paid Advertisement