“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Great Lakes Seaway Trail National Scenic Byway Historical Markers

Great Lakes Seaway Trail, Inc. markers along 500 miles of the St. Lawrence River, Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie, from Massena NY to the PA-OH border.
Left Detail image, Touch for more information
By Anton Schwarzmueller, November 7, 2014
Left Detail
New York (Cayuga County), Fair Haven — Little Sodus Bay (Fair Haven) — A Busy Lakeport — Maritime Heritage
A Commerce Center. Though camps, pleasure boats, and the sandy beaches of Fair Haven State Park dominate the bay and lake shore today, in 1910 Little Sodus Bay was the second busiest port on the southern shore of Lake Ontario. Trains . . . — Map (db m79751) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Dunkirk — Birds of the Harbor — Water Bird Safe Haven — Natural History
A Safe Place to Rest The sheltered waters of Dunkirk Harbor provide a place where water birds and waterfowl can escape strong winds blowing across the open waters of Lake Erie. Gulls, terns, cormorants and other water birds shelter, loaf, and feed . . . — Map (db m84382) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Dunkirk — Dunkirk Lighthouse
Dunkirk Lighthouse has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By The United States Department of The Interior Built 1875 — Map (db m51904) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Dunkirk — Eastern Basin Shipwrecks — A Watery Record of Mishaps — Maritime Heritage
Resting on the Lake Bottom. Beneath the waters before you lies a graveyard of shipwrecks from two centuries. Surprise storms, unchartered shallows, and lack of navigation aids are a few reasons for the wrecks. More and more people are learning to . . . — Map (db m84415) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Mayville — Mayville Station — A Transportation Hub — History of the Coast
The serene scene of today is nothing like the frenzied activity that once took place here. Travelers switched from train to steamboat to trolley on trips to attractions along Chautauqua Lake. The present station was built on this site in 1924 . . . — Map (db m105752) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Pomfret — Lily Dale Assembly — Spiritualism's Largest Community — Cultural Heritage
Lily Dale Timeline 1955 Fox cottage burns. 1924 Marion H. Sidmore Library building constructed. 1915 Fox cottage moved to Lily Dale. 1900 Great Lily Dale fire burns many cottages. 1893 Lily Dale contains 215 cottages. 1888 Assembly Hall . . . — Map (db m94898) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Westfield — Barcelona Harbor — Invasion Route Shipping Port, Fishing Center — History of the Coast
Harbor Activity Timeline 2000 1982 First Harbor Day celebration. 1971 Last commercial fishing boat is sold. 1962 Lighthouse is re-lighted. 1960 Corps of Engineers builds Daniel Reed breakwall and pier. 1913 Trolley service ends. 1900 . . . — Map (db m117525) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Westfield — The French & Indian War 1756-1763 — A Fight for the Continent — French and Indian War
Waterways to the Interior Rivers and lakes served as the superhighways of the 18th century. Many rivers and lakes in the Colony of New York either bordered New France (Canada), or connected the bordering water bodies to . . . — Map (db m57233) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Buffalo Burns!!! — British Forces Torch the Frontier — War of 1812
Timeline of Excursions 1814 November 5 American forces withdraw from Canadian territory. August-September American forces withstand British siege and repel British attempts to take back Fort Erie. July 25 American and British . . . — Map (db m92804) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Buffalo Main & Harbor Lights
An Outdoor Lighthouse Museum. Buffalo's complex harbor system has showcased many unique lights. Scan the harbor for the existing lights shown in this artist's conception. The lights shown as transparent have been demolished or moved to another . . . — Map (db m85226) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Buffalo Zoo — Growing with the City
Menagerie to Habitat. The Buffalo Zoo, like other modern zoos, has become an educational facility that focuses on conservation and reproduction of endangered species. The Zoo has reintroduced some endangered animals to their native habitats. Today's . . . — Map (db m75074) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Buffalo's Olmsted Parks — A System of Parks & Parkways — Architecture of the Coast
Parks, Circles, and Parkways: These 'Greenspaces' were inspired by the 'City Beautiful' movement of the late 1800s, an attempt to correct the blighted condition of many industrial cities and make them more liveable through better design. Circles: . . . — Map (db m80367) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Frederick Law Olmsted — Landscape Architect — People of the Coast Famous designers left footprints along the Seaway Trail.
Frederick Law Olmsted is best known for his work in New York City's Central Park, but his design for Buffalo's Park System was one of his proudest achievements. Buffalo's Olmsted-designed parks are listed on the National Register of Historic . . . — Map (db m78375) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Highlights of Buffalo History — Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society — Cultural Heritage
1655: Seneca Indians win control of Niagara Region from Erie tribes. 1678-79: French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, claims the region for France. He builds a sailing ship, Griffon, on the bank of the Niagara River and . . . — Map (db m80361) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — The Industrial Heritage Trail — Monuments to the Movement of Grain — Maritime Heritage
Lifting Buffalo to World Renown. In 1924 Buffalo led the world in handling grain. 300,000,000 bushels passed throught Buffalo harbor, unloaded, lifted, stored, and reloaded by the grain elevators that still stand tall along the banks of the . . . — Map (db m84694) HM
New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Tifft Nature Preserve — An Urban Sanctuary — Natural History
Nature to Industry to Nature 1998 Designated an Important Bird Area (IBA) by National Audubon Society. 1983 Preserve closed for hazardous waste removal. 1982 Preserve merged with Buffalo Museum of Science. 1978 Makowski Visitor Center . . . — Map (db m93874) HM
New York (Erie County), Evans — Graycliff — A Frank Lloyd Wright Masterwork — Architecture of the Coast
Section Through Living Room. Glass walls make upper story float and lower story transparent. Terrace mimics cliff brink and makes sky part of the house. Stone extends through house. Stone sided esplanade connects house to cliff. 65' cliff . . . — Map (db m105644) HM
New York (Erie County), Evans — The White City — William J. Conners Poultry Farm — History of the Coast
'The Greatest in the World' From 1907 to 1921 William Conners, propietor of the Buffalo Courier Express, built a poultry farm that ultimately covered 360 acres. Literature from the operation proclaimed;"...stretching away toward the lake . . . — Map (db m105702) HM
New York (Erie County), Hamburg — Lake Erie — Sailing Through Time — Maritime Heritage
Ships and Sunsets. If you could have stood on this spot for 300 years, you would have seen a parade of vessels carrying Native Americans, explorers, trappers, fishermen, traders, shippers, and sailors traveling and transporting people and goods on . . . — Map (db m82603) HM
New York (Franklin County), St. Regis Mohawk Reservation — Akwesasne (AH kwey ZAH sney) — An Enduring Native Culture
Cultural Heritage- Ancient cultures flourished on abundant natural resources along the Seaway Trail. First Inhabitants Native people have lived here for thousands of years, using the natural resources found on land and in water. . . . — Map (db m79279) HM
New York (Genesee County), Alabama — Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) - Endangered in New York — Iroqouis National Wildlife Refuge — Seaway Trail - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Buffalo Audubon Society
Black Terns nest in New York State in just a few marshes along the south and east shores of Lake Ontario. This is the southern edge of their breeding range, They are more abundant in the upper midwest, but the special habitat we manage here suits . . . — Map (db m75906) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Alexandria — Indian River Lakes — Breeding Bird Refuge — Natural History
Important Habitat Refuge This region provides an important breeding refuge for many declining species of birds because it contains a variety of habitats, few humans, and little development. Species such as the Golden-winged Warbler, . . . — Map (db m84170) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Clayton — Clayton Opera House — A Thousand Islands Cultural Center — Cultural Heritage

"...for use in perpetuity as a Community and Performing Arts Center" Town of Clayton, April 9, 2000

Performing in Clayton For over 100 years the Opera House has set the stage for performances of all kinds. . . . — Map (db m126418) HM

New York (Jefferson County), Clayton — Eagle Wing Group — An Underwater Geological Wonder — Dive Sites of the St. Lawrence

[Excerpts follow]

A Variety of Displays Submerged 'riverscapes', unique rock formations with gumdrop-like pinnacles, rocky folds, and steep escarpments characterize this underwater geological display. Rocky shoals adjacent deep water . . . — Map (db m126413) HM

New York (Jefferson County), Ellisburg — The Battle of Big Sandy — May 30, 1814 — War of 1812
Americans Set An Ambush An American flotilla carrying critical shipbuilding supplies to Sackets Harbor was forced to land along South Sandy Creek. Near this spot Major Appling's 120 riflemen, 150 Oneida Indian warriors and naval . . . — Map (db m75733) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Sackets Harbor — Fort Pike — Defending the Harbor
General Pike's Death This fort was named after General Zebulon Pike, who launched his forces from here to attack York (Toronto). Though the Americans won the battle, General Pike was killed by debris from an exploding magazine. His . . . — Map (db m86170) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Sackets Harbor — Sackets Harbor — Built on War of 1812 Heritage — Maritime Heritage
A Strategic Place The shelter offered by Sackets Harbor made this an attractive place to base the U.S. Navy fleet. The growth patterns set at the time the military facilities were built are responsible for the layout of the village . . . — Map (db m75735) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Sackets Harbor — Sackets Harbor - Fall 1814 — A Fortified Naval Base — War of 1812
Focus On Defense Before the War of 1812 Sackets Harbor had no defenses. By the fall of 1814, the combined efforts of the Army, Navy, Marines, and militia had created one of the most heavily fortified sites in North America. . . . — Map (db m75767) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Sackets Harbor — Sackets Harbor Shipbuilding — A Race for Naval Superiority — Maritime Heritage
Sackets Harbor During the War of 1812 Sackets Harbor was the most active naval station in the United States. The U.S. and British navies were engaged in a shipbuilding competition for control of lake Ontario. Tremendous effort and . . . — Map (db m75748) HM
New York (Monroe County), Greece — Bird Migration Research — Long Term Migratory Bird Data — Natural History
Stopover Ecology This area provides critical food, cover from exposure to the elements and predators, suitable habitat for resting, and other resources migrant land birds need along their migration route. The area is protected and studied by . . . — Map (db m90204) HM
New York (Monroe County), Greece — Braddock Bay Hawk Watch — Following the Curve of the Shore — Natural History
Migrating Hawks Warming temperatures and southerly winds, preferably southwest here, produce flights of hundreds of thousands of raptors at Braddock Bay in a single day, making the shore along Braddock Bay one of the finest places in North . . . — Map (db m90244) HM
New York (Monroe County), Greece — Converge on Montreal — The British Plan — French & Indian War
Destination Montreal In 1759, the British plan for defeating the French in North America involved major expeditions that would cut off French supply routes up and down the St. Lawrence River, block French advances south through the Champlain . . . — Map (db m90216) HM
New York (Monroe County), Irondequoit — British Army Encampment — Prideaux's Campaign — French & Indian War
Bivouac For two days, July 2nd and 3rd, 1759, a force of 3,000 soldiers under the command of Brigidier General John Prideaux camped here. The army was advancing along the lake on a campaign from Oswego to Four Mile Creek, near Fort Niagara. . . . — Map (db m90266) HM
New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Charlotte-Genesee Lighthouse
A Strategic Location Charlotte was once a bustling commercial shipping port, the destination of sidewheelers and sailing vessels unloading supplies for a growing city and loading products from the region. Today the harbor is still an . . . — Map (db m90400) HM
New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Margaret Woodbury Strong — Collector Extraordinaire — People of the Coast
Margaret Woodbury Strong loved to play and recognized the importance of play to learning. She founded The Stong in 1968, and it opened to the public in 1982. The Strong is the only collections-based museum in the world devoted soley to the study of . . . — Map (db m101160) HM
New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Merchant Ship to Warship — Schooner-Gunboats in the U.S. Navy — War of 1812
Merchant Schooners In the spring of 1812 there were over 34 schooners in merchant service on Lake Ontario, transporting people and cargo. These small vessels carried 50-100 tons of cargo. Larger vessels were impractical since most lake port . . . — Map (db m90802) HM
New York (Monroe County), Rochester — Susan B. Anthony House — Headquarters of the Suffrage Movement
A Suffragist and much more Susan B. Anthony lived in this house for the forty most active years of her life. This house was the site of her famous arrest for voting in 1872 and her death in 1906. It served as the headquarters for the National . . . — Map (db m58202) HM
New York (Monroe County), Webster — Irondequoit Bay — Gateway to the Continent — Maritime History
Where the Lake Turns Aside. This is the meaning of the Native American word from which the name Irondequoit was derived. Native people used the bay for access to the lake. Explorers hoped that it led to China. For early traders and merchants . . . — Map (db m108625) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — Fighting for Homeland — American Indian Allies — New York State French & Indian War Commemoration - 250 Years
British and French Compete for Alliances Both the French and the British negotiated with American Indian tribes, either to gain their support or to convince them to remain neutral. In Canada, Algonquian tribes; the Ottawa, Huron, Abenaki, and . . . — Map (db m77202) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — The Battle of Queenston Heights — First Battle of the War — War of 1812
From this point on October 13, 1812, U.S. troops launched an invasion of Queenston Heights, Canada in an attempt to seize Fort George and control the river. The Battle was a disaster for the Americans, as they suffered heavy losses and ultimately . . . — Map (db m57088) HM
New York (Niagara County), Lewiston — Tuscaroras Defend Lewiston Against 1813 British Attack — War of 1812
Path of Destruction. Early in the winter of 1813, British forces and their Native allies launched an all-out assault on the Niagara Frontier. About a dozen Lewiston residents were killed in the attack, and the British looted the buildings and . . . — Map (db m80502) HM WM
New York (Niagara County), Newfane — McClew Farm — An Underground Railroad Safe House — Cultural Heritage - Routes to freedom passed through many Seaway Trail communities
Not Underground, Not a Railroad Freedom seekers used whatever means available to make their journey. Some stowed away on canal boats and lake steamers. Some were transported hidden in wagons. Usually, however, they simply traveled on foot, . . . — Map (db m78802) HM
New York (Niagara County), Newfane — Olcott Beach — A Lakeside Resort
Where Families Came to Play Once a prime recreation destination, Olcott Beach drew thousands annually. Trains brought summer vacationers from inland cities. Steamers ferried them between other lake ports. They stayed at grand hotels, played at . . . — Map (db m73863) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Fort Schlosser — Guarding the Upper Landing
Great Lakes Seaway Trail. New York State French and Indian War Commemoration 250 years. Securing Military and Commercial Goods. Fort Schlosser was built to protect the upper portage landing and was used as a storehouse for military and . . . — Map (db m72889) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Portage Road — Carry Route Around the Falls — Cultural Heritage
Following the Footsteps of the Famous Along this very road Native Americans, explorers, traders, and soldiers passed for centuries to get around the Niagara Falls and Gorge. Merchants cashed in on trade goods, troops fought for safe . . . — Map (db m54365) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Great Cataract of Niagara — An attraction even in wartime
Early European Visitors The Niagara River, with its mighty falls and rapids, was well known by Native Americans. Word of its majesty reached European explorers and soldiers who came to North America. Despite their mission, explorers and . . . — Map (db m72940) HM
New York (Niagara County), North Tonawanda — Once Around is Never Enough — Carousels and More
Carousels and Rides Made Here Over 3,000 hand-carved wooden carousels were made in this factory. Portable carousels were set up at carnivals around the country and stationary units were the main attraction at many early 1900s resorts. Many . . . — Map (db m75522) HM
New York (Niagara County), Somerset — 30 Mile Point Lighthouse
30-Mile Point Lighthouse was built in 1875 and was lit for the first time on April 27, 1876. The lighthouse was built to protect ships on Lake Ontario from a shallow sandbar the extended from 30-Mile Point. A number of historic shipwrecks occurred . . . — Map (db m73954) HM
New York (Niagara County), Somerset — Horsepower — Working the Turn-of-the-Century Farm — Culture of the Coast
The Working Farm. By 1900 mechanization has come to the farm. Equipment was available that made plowing, planting, and harvesting more productive. But, in the days before the gas engine, it was the horse that supplied the power to run the . . . — Map (db m79540) HM
New York (Niagara County), Wilson — Lake Shore Rarities — Year 'Round Birding Possibilities — Natural History
Migrants and Irruptives. Migrating birds follow regular routes between breeding and non-breeding areas twice each year. The timing for each specie is about the same every year. Irruptive migrations do not happen every year. Irruptions occur in . . . — Map (db m79557) HM
New York (Niagara County), Wilson — Wilson Harbor — Boards, Boats, and Beaches
What's the attraction? The shelter and beauty of Tuscarara Bay has attracted settlers, merchants, and vacationers since the early 1800s. The focus of the attraction has changed over time, and so has the very shape of the bay, but Wilson Harbor . . . — Map (db m71536) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — Old Fort Niagara Lighthouse
First Light on the Great Lakes You are standing near the site of the earliest lighthouse on the Great Lakes; a lantern room on the roof of the French Castle inside the fort. From that first whale oil fueled lantern, the Niagara . . . — Map (db m67377) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The Battle of La Belle Famille — French Losses: The Battle & The Interior
July 24, 1759 At this location British troops set defenses against French reinforcements, intent on breaking the British siege of Fort Niagara. Though outnumbered, the British repelled the advance and assured the fall of the Fort. Their . . . — Map (db m67347) HM
New York (Niagara County), Youngstown — The Siege of Fort Niagara — A Calculated Attack
In July 1759, 2,300 British and New York troops, with about 900 Iroquois allies laid siege to French-held Fort Niagara. 19 days later, with its wall breached and a French relief force defeated only a mile away, Fort Niagara surrendered. . . . — Map (db m67473) HM
New York (Orleans County), Carlton — Cobblestone Wall Section — Cobblestone Construction Piece by Piece — Architecture of the Coast
Cobblestones Cobblestone construction was born in this area. The example here is a composite of several materials and styles that can be seen within a short distance of this park. The word 'cobblestone' comes from the English word 'cob', . . . — Map (db m90184) HM
New York (Orleans County), Carlton — Fishing Camp — A Prehistoric Destination — Maritime Heritage
Fishing For Food, Not Fun! For more than 800 years the opposite bank was the scene of bustling spring and summer activity by Native Americans. Fish were netted from Oak Orchard River, and processed over firepits and drying racks. The fish prepared . . . — Map (db m82703) HM
New York (Orleans County), Carlton — Sir William Johnson — Leader and Diplomat — The French and Indian War
Land Manager Johnson arrived in the Colonies from Ireland to manage land in the Mohawk River valley near present-day Amsterdam, land granted to his uncle, Admiral Sir Peter Warren of the British Navy, in 1737. Superintendent of Indian Affairs . . . — Map (db m90173) HM
New York (Orleans County), Gaines — Cobblestones — Birth of a Local Style — Architecture of the Coast
Ingenious use of local materials gave rise to a home-grown Seaway Trail architectural style. Cobblestone construction was perfected by local masons between the opening of the Erie Canal and the Civil War. Local farmers had access to the . . . — Map (db m78221) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Age of Iron Horses — The Railroad Arrives
The railroad overtook the river and canal as the major mode of transport to and from the interior. The river banks and waterfront were dominated by tracks, bridges, and coal trestles. Coal, grain, lumber, and people now moved through the city by . . . — Map (db m86356) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — British Invasion — The Battle of Oswego — War of 1812
Site of British Attacks on Fort Ontario, May 5-7, 1814 After enduring a heavy bombardment by a British fleet under the command of Sir James Yeo, and repelling an amphibious assault on May 5, 1814, 290 men of the 3rd U.S. Artillery and 200 . . . — Map (db m75816) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Early Shipping — A Natural Port for Commerce and Conflict
The river access to the lake made Oswego a natural hub for commerce, as well as a place to transfer goods, travelers, and armies from river and land carriers to lake vessels. Many of the vessels were built here. Through the centuries the type of . . . — Map (db m86370) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Open Water = Winter Birds — Ducks, Gulls, and Predators — Natural History
Food and Shelter The mouth of the river and harbor provide waterfowl and waterbirds an environment sheltered from the winter gales of Lake Ontario. The breakwalls serve as resting places for the gulls where any approaching predator . . . — Map (db m75427) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Oswego West Side Forts — An Early French Target — French and Indian War
British Toehold on Lake Ontario During the French and Indian War, the Oswego River was the only British controlled waterway into the Great Lakes. French commander-in-chief, the Marquis de Montcalm, recognizing its strategic . . . — Map (db m75356) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — People of the River — The People Who Led the Way
The thriving port city of Oswego was founded by and attracted many ambitious and heroic people. Leaders of industry and social causes lived here and left their mark on the city. You can still visit some of their works by touring the city streets . . . — Map (db m86292) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Prideaux's Campaign — A Long Route to Victory — French and Indian War
Camp, Row, Camp Campaigns in the North American wilderness required extensive planning and massive manpower to reach the objective safely and successfully. For Prideaux's army, the distance from Fort Stanwix to Fort Niagara . . . — Map (db m75670) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Richardson - Bates House Museum — A Victorian Showcase — Pursuit of Culture
Max Richardson lived in an era called the Victorian Period (when England's Queen Victoria ruled over the British Empire), when wealthy people were traveling to exotic places, collecting art and cultural artifacts, reading, and socializing. . . . — Map (db m86574) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — River Industries — A Place of Industry
Oswego offered close proximity to raw materials from the interior, a water route to markets of the world, and water power. These assets caused the river banks to become lined with factories, warehouses, and storage buildings. Materials were . . . — Map (db m86315) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Seaway Trail — Oswego Riverside Attractions
Oswego Riverside Attractions West Side Attractions 1. West Pierhead Lighthouse 2. H. Lee White Marine Museum 3. Port of Oswego Authority West Terminal 4. U.S. Coast Guard Station 5. Wright's Landing Marina 6. . . . — Map (db m86289) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — The Fur Trade — A Fur Trading Post
Bountiful fur-bearing animals provided the foundation for a robust fur trading business between European explorers and the Native American inhabitants of the Oswego River corridor. The Native Americans camped and established seasonal trading . . . — Map (db m86380) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — The Oswego Canal — A Great Canal
Dewitt Clinton dreamed of "a Great Canal" to solve the problem of access to the natural resources of the mid-west. Of the two routes considered - a canal across the state to Buffalo and a canal to Lake Ontario at Oswego - the Buffalo proposal won at . . . — Map (db m86367) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — War for Empire — A Fight for Control
Oswego was a strategic spot in many military campaigns. Control of the river, an important military route, changed many times. The loss of Oswego in August, 1756 was viewed as a triumph by the French and as a national misfortune by the English as . . . — Map (db m86373) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — Wreck of the David W. Mills — 19th Century Cargo Vessel — Shipwrecks of Lake Ontario
Grounded! The David W. Mills, a cargo vessel that was part of a vast commercial shipping industry on the Great Lakes, played an important role in the industrial development of the north American interior. The Mills ran . . . — Map (db m75416) HM
New York (Oswego County), Pulaski — Pulaski Historic District
Pulaski Historic District From Drill Field to Village Core Village Timeline 2000   Log Cabin Motel burned in area of first log cabin. 1983   Historic District formed. 1887   First Long Bridge erected. 1882-1901   Eighteen of the 23 . . . — Map (db m109092) HM
New York (Oswego County), Pulaski — Salmon River
Salmon River Heh-Hah-Walter-Gah (where swim the sweet fish – Iroquois) A Histoy of Use and Misuse 2000 1998  First return of adult Atlantic Salmon. 1997   Natural reproduction of Chinook Salmon documented. 1996   Minimum flow . . . — Map (db m109131) HM
New York (Oswego County), Scriba — Commanding the Forces — The Men in Charge — War of 1812
A Diverse Group The war effort was lead by distinguished men on both sides whose effectiveness at their jobs varied, but the impacts of their campaigns on border communities were dramatic. Their ranks and commands changed . . . — Map (db m75723) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Louisville — Wilson Hill Wildlife Management Area — Important Habitat Complex — Natural History
This Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is a 3,400 acre multi-use area where the habitat is managed to provide food and shelter for dabbling and diving ducks, Canada geese and other waterbirds, as well as upland game birds and mammals. While much of the . . . — Map (db m79347) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Massena — Eisenhower Lock — Stepping Down the St. Lawrence — History of the Coast
How Does a Lock Work? 1) A) Filling valve opened. Emptying valve closed. B) Water enters by gravity. Gate closed. Ship waiting to enter. C) Chamber fills to upstream level. D) Attendant opens gate. Catch cable lowered. 2) A) Attendants tie off . . . — Map (db m79307) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Ogdensburg — Aka Se We':Ka Tsi (Oswegatchie) — Cultural & Economic Crossroads — Iroquois Settlement 1749-1759
Iroquois Village In 1751, approximately 3,000 Iroquois lived in villages on both sides of the Oswegatchie River and the small islands in between, with the most influential families living in the three villages neighboring the fort. . . . — Map (db m75900) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Ogdensburg — Fort de la Prιsentation - 1749-1759 — A French Foothold on the South Bank — French & Indian War
A Mission/Supply Base Fort de la Prιsentation, used as a fortified mission by Father Abbι Franηois Picquet, was built at the mouth of the Oswegatchie River in 1749 and 1750. Picquet intended to Christianize much of the native population, . . . — Map (db m75750) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Ogdensburg — Fort Lιvis - 1760 — France's Last Stand — French & Indian War
Father Abbι Franηois Picquet and the American Indians moved to Isle Picquet after la Prιsentation was vacated. The English thought the settlement was a French village and burned it during the siege. Fort Lιvis on Isle Royale August 1759 . . . — Map (db m75754) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Ogdensburg — Fort Oswegatchie 1760-1796 — Staging for Attack — Revolutionary War
This fort served a strategic role in the conduct of military campaigns that shaped our country. A British Foothold in the St. Lawrence Valley Fort de la Prιsentation was renamed Fort Oswegatchie by the British when they occupied the . . . — Map (db m75838) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Ogdensburg — Frederic Remington (1861 - 1909) — St. Lawrence River Artist? — People of the Coast
Did Remington Live Here? No. But he loved the St. Lawrence River and his wife lived here for a time after his death. He painted in his studio on an island in Chippewa Bay he called "Ingleneuk." The North Country, where he grew up and is . . . — Map (db m75725) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Ogdensburg — The Battle of Ogdensburg — British Attack Across the Ice — War of 1812
February 22, 1813 British Lieutenant Colonel "Red" George Macdonnell led a force of about 650 soldiers and artillery across the ice to attack the American garrison at Ogdensburg commanded by Captain Benjamin Forsyth. Macdonnell moved to . . . — Map (db m75895) HM
New York (Saint Lawrence County), Waddington — Village of Waddington — Walking Tour Route — Architecture of the Coast
Early Seaway Trail communities flourished due to access to the St. Lawrence River. Raised on Waterpower Waddington was settled by early industrialists, here to harness the power of the St. Lawrence River. Many of the buildings in the . . . — Map (db m79378) HM
New York (Wayne County), Pultneyville — The Battle of Pultneyville — May 15th, 1814
Battle of Nerves The Battle of Pultneyville was a skirmish between British forces under Commander Yeo and American Militia forces. The British periodically raided coastal communities for supplies, but the people of Pultneyville did not . . . — Map (db m65348) HM
New York (Wayne County), Pultneyville — The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints — Palmyra Area Historic Sites — Several Significant Locations
Many points of interest are located near Palmyra that take visitors back to a way of life from the past, introduce them to early American industries, present theatrical productions and the beginnings of the Mormon religion. Joseph Smith, Sr. . . . — Map (db m64928) HM
New York (Wayne County), Pultneyville — Wreck of the St.Peter — National Register of Historic Places
Lost in a Storm The St. Peter left Oswego carrying a full load of coal, headed for the safety of the Welland Canal when a storm struck her with 70 mph winds. Unable to reach the canal, the ship was turned back east to run before the . . . — Map (db m64903) HM
New York (Wayne County), Sodus — Cobblestone Architecture — Sodus Area Cobblestones — Architecture of the Coast
Why Build With Stone? Glaciers blessed this area with an abundance of stones. Farmers who picked them from their fields recognized their utility as a sturdy, fireproof, free building material that required no painting. An influx of masons . . . — Map (db m79597) HM
New York (Wayne County), Sodus Point — A French Inspired Flotilla — Travel Through Wilderness — French & Indian War
Lakeside Camp. Prideaux's army encamped here at Sodus Bay on the evening of July 1st, 1759. They were formed on the lake the following morning by 6:00 to continue their expedition. Each boat was numbered and each man, whether officer or . . . — Map (db m79631) HM
New York (Wayne County), Sodus Point — British Raids — Troupville (Sodus Point) Sacked! — War of 1812
Under Fire. Troupville was one of several lakeshore communities to come under attack by the British navy during a campaign to disrupt the flow of military stores to American forces. Troupville (Sodus Point) c.1813. In 1813, the lakeshore . . . — Map (db m79618) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Erie — Dobbins Landing — Erie's Hub for Travel and Trade
Dobbins Landing Timeline 1995 Bicentennial Tower built to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Erie. 1986 Public Dock renamed Dobbins Landing in honor of pioneer mariner Daniel Dobbins. 1926 Nicholson Ferry to Port Dover . . . — Map (db m116411) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Erie — Erie's Land Lighthouse — On Top Again
Rescued and Rebuilt Time had taken its toll on the Land Lighthouse since the federal government decommissioned the beacon and ordered the lantern room removed and sent to a lighthouse in Ohio in 1899. In 2003, the Erie-Western . . . — Map (db m116430) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Erie — Fort de la Presqu'ile — Guarding the Portage
A French Frontier Fort Fort de la Presqu'ile was the first in a proposed line of forts that would guard a route to the Mississippi. The lofty goal for 1753 was to build four ports, Presqu'ile, le Boeuf, Machault, and Duquesne. By the late . . . — Map (db m116412) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Erie — Freshwater Fishing Capital — Industry and Innovation
Peak Catches Blue Pike - 1931 - 3,600,000 lbs. Lake Whitefish - 1946 - 8,300,000 lbs. Lake Herring - 1949 - 6,700,000 lbs. Pound netting (Drawing shows pound net from above) - Placing standing nets in shallow water that funnel . . . — Map (db m116410) HM

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