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Buffalo Soldiers Historical Markers

Four all-black regiments of the US Army created in 1866 who fought in Indian Wars, Spanish-American War, Mexican Border War.
 
Buffalo Soldiers Marker image, Touch for more information
By Lee Hattabaugh, May 24, 2014
Buffalo Soldiers Marker
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Buffalo Soldiers — Huntsville, AL
(south side) After the Civil War, the future of African-Americans in the United States Army was in doubt. In July 1866, Congress passed legislation establishing two cavalry and four infantry regiments to be made up of African-American . . . — Map (db m75092) HM WM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Late Indian Wars — 1866–1890
I am Trooper Able Freeman of the 9th Cavalry Regiment. I had been a field slave in south Alabama before and during the Civil War; but after the war, I had nowhere to go when the Union occupied the area. I wandered around living hand-to-mouth for . . . — Map (db m85542) WM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Old Plateau Cemetery — Africatown Graveyard
The Old Plateau Cemetery, known as the Africatown Graveyard, is the final resting place of enslaved Africans, African-Americans, and a Buffalo Soldier. The burial ground dates back to 1876, sixteen years after Africans arrived on the Clotilda . . . — Map (db m86308) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Sierra Vista — Buffalo Soldier Legacy Plaza
Dedicated 23 April 2009 Honoring the stamina, courage, and tenacity of soldiers assigned to the 9th Cavalry Regiment • 10th Cavalry Regiment • 24th Infantry Regiment • 25th Infantry Regiment • 92nd Infantry Division • 93rd Infantry . . . — Map (db m28201) HM
Colorado (Costilla County), Fort Garland — 16 — Fort Garland
This memorial is the property of the State of Colorado ——— Fort Garland United States military outpost to protect settlers from hostile Indians. Named for Brig. Gen. John . . . — Map (db m22731) HM
Colorado (Costilla County), Fort Garland — 190 — Fort Garland / Buffalo Soldiers
Front The Soldier’s Life Fort Garland housed infantry and cavalry units. During the 1870’s the famed Buffalo Soldiers—African-American cavalrymen—were also posted here. For all soldiers—and their . . . — Map (db m71032) HM WM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — African American Medal of Honor Recipients Memorial
[Panel 1:]African American Medal of Honor Recipients Memorial The Medal of Honor takes its place in our country as the highest award for military valor. The honor, awarded by the President in the name of Congress, may only be accorded an . . . — Map (db m80507) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Near Northeast — 13 — Enterprising Families — Hub, Home, Heart — Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail
The small scale and low rents of H Street's oldest buildings have lured waves of immigrant entrepreneurs since the buildings were new in the 1880s. By 1930, alongside Greek, Italian, Irish, and other immigrant-owned shops, at least 75 Jewish-owned . . . — Map (db m71690) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights — 1898
  African-Americans have served valiantly in all of America's wars. Although black soldiers fought and died in previous conflicts, they were not permitted to enlist as army regulars until after the Civil War. Organized into separate infantry and . . . — Map (db m32837) HM
Florida (Saint Johns County), St. Augustine — 94 South Street — ACCORD Freedom Trail
This has been the home to the Whites, one of the outstanding families active in the 1963-1964 civil rights movement in St. Augustine. Parents James (a decorated Buffalo Soldier from World War II) and Hattie Lee White both took part in demonstrations . . . — Map (db m40700) HM
Illinois (Morgan County), Jacksonville — Lincoln and Grierson
Abraham Lincoln met Benjamin H. Grierson when the two campaigned for the Republican Party. Grierson, a merchant, music teacher, and musician, even wrote a song for Lincoln's presidential campaign in 1860, with the chorus: "So clear . . . — Map (db m57635) HM
Kansas (Ellis County), Hays — 41 — Fort Hays
This noted U.S. Army post was established in 1865 as a headquarters for troops given the task of protecting military roads, guarding the mails and defending construction crews on the Union Pacific Railway. Fort Hays also served as a major supply . . . — Map (db m59207) HM
Kansas (Geary County), Junction City — Buffalo Soldier Memorial
Section 1 Top Tablet United States Army The Chief of Staff October 27, 2000 The Junction City - Fort Riley Community and the Buffalo Soldiers I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate the Junction City-Fort Riley community . . . — Map (db m44250) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — 2nd Lt. Henry Ossian Flipper
Born - 21 March 1856 Thomasville, Georgia - Early Schooling - Private Tutors American Missionary Association Atlanta University ————— U.S. Military Academy 01 July 1873 - 14 June 1877 4th Black to . . . — Map (db m52970) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — Edward Hatch
Colonel 9th Cavalry Brevet Major General, U.S.A. Born in Bangor, Me. Dec. 22, 1832 Died at Fort Robinson, Neb. April 11, 1889 [Battles] Brill's Point • Charleston • Sykeston New Madrid • Point Pleasant • Island No. 10 . . . — Map (db m42071) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — General Colin L. Powell — American Statesman • American Son • American Soldier

Born 05 Apr 1937 Harlem, New York Graduated ROTC, City College of New York, 1958 Married Alma Vivian Johnson, 25 Aug 1962 Parents Luther and Maud Powell

- First Black - Secretary of State National Security Advisor . . . — Map (db m83307) HM

Kansas (Leavenworth County), Fort Leavenworth — The Buffalo Soldier Monument
[Seal of the United States Army] Built by those who cherish the spirit, courage and valor of the Buffalo Soldiers Heroes Patriots Warriors - Explorers Surveyors — Map (db m17340) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Reisterstown — “Buffalo Soldiers”
First Sgt. Augustus Walley, a Reisterstown native, awarded The Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery at Cuchillo Negro Mountain, New Mexico. Dedicated on the 100th anniversary of The Spanish-American War July 13, 1998. — Map (db m7196) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — Corporal William Othello Wilson
United States Army Medal of Honor Recipient and Buffalo Soldier William Othello Wilson, a native of Hagerstown, Maryland, enlisted in the U.S. Army on August 21, 1889, at age 22 in St. Paul, Minnesota. He was subsequently assigned to the . . . — Map (db m5755) HM
Missouri (Linn County), Laclede — Laclede
Laclede, Mo. was established in 1853. Conveniently located with access from the railroads, Laclede was at one time quite a prosperous town. general stores, banks, factory work, appliance retail, implement dealerships, upholstery, beauticians, . . . — Map (db m67078) HM
Nebraska (Dawes County), Fort Robinson State Park — 392 — Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Robinson
Black soldiers of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry regiments (called "buffalo soldiers" by the Plains Indians) garrisoned Fort Robinson for eighteen years and played an important role in northwestern Nebraska's history. Organized in 1866, the regiments . . . — Map (db m4134) HM
New Mexico (Lincoln County), Fort Stanton — Buildings 17 - 20
Originally built by the Army in 1876 as four separate buildings, these adobe structures replaced older laundress quarters attached to the barracks. In 1928, they were joined together to create seven apartments for hospital staff. ‘Four women . . . — Map (db m85351) HM
New Mexico (Luna County), Deming — Cathay Williams — (c1850 – Death Date Unknown)
Born into slavery, Cathay was liberated in 1861 and worked as a cook for the Union army during the Civil War. In 1866 she enlisted in the U.S. Army as Private William Cathey serving with the Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Cummings and Fort Bayard until . . . — Map (db m38211) HM
New York (Orange County), Highland Falls — Buffalo Soldiers
African-American units of the 9th and 10th Cavalry quartered at West Point in 1907, grew to over 100 skilled and disciplined men who trained the cadets. Considered the first “colored regulars” at West Point. Many local men served in . . . — Map (db m58559) HM
New York (Orange County), West Point — Buffalo Soldier Field
This athletic field is named in honor of the men of the Ninth and Tenth U.S. Cavalry Regiments, detachments of which once served at West Point. These Regiments of Horse Cavalry were first created by the Army Reorganization Act of 1866, and their . . . — Map (db m47302) HM
New York (Oswego County), Oswego — African Troops at Fort Ontario
Revolutionary War (1775-1783) Over 5,000 African Americans served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. About half of the Rhode Island regiment consisted of free blacks and escaped slaves. In February 1783, . . . — Map (db m86080) HM
North Carolina (Guilford County), Greensboro — J-108 — William McBryar — 1861-1941
Buffalo Soldier & officer. In 1890 awarded Medal of Honor. His long career exemplified struggles of black soldiers of the era. House stood here. — Map (db m31080) HM
Ohio (Cuyahoga County), Cleveland — Colonel Charles Young — 1864-1922
Colonel Charles Young, cavalryman, military intelligence officer, Huachuca commander, and paragon of honor. An American Legend Charles Young was the third black graduate of the United States Military Academy, class of 1889. Young enjoyed a . . . — Map (db m17236) HM
Ohio (Greene County), Wilberforce — 24- 29 — Charles Young
Side A Born enslaved March 12, 1864, Charles Young was the highest-ranking African American line officer most of his career. He became the third Black graduate of West Point in 1889 and the last until 1936. Young served with the 9th and . . . — Map (db m95398) HM
Ohio (Greene County), Wilberforce — Colonel Charles Young House — Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument — National Historic Landmark
Colonel Charles Young House has been designated a National Historic Landmark This building possesses national significance as the home of Colonel Charles Young (1864-1922). Third black graduated of West Point, Professor of Military Science at . . . — Map (db m67643) HM
Oklahoma (Canadian County), El Reno — Fort Reno — Old Post about 2 mi. N.
U.S. troops encamped near Cheyenne Agency in Indian uprising 1874. Site s.w. of agency selected by Agt. J.D. Miles and Capt T. Wint, established as permanent post in July, 1875, and named for Gen. Jesse L. Reno who died in action in Battle of . . . — Map (db m39808) HM
Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Post Guardhouse
This building was constructed in 1872-73 by the "Buffalo Soldiers" of the 10th Cavalry Regiment, after the barracks and quarters of the Post were completed. Prior to this time, prisoners were kept in the basement of the Cavalry barracks . . . — Map (db m82376) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Frank E. Bolden — (1912-2003)
Distinguished journalist, one of the first two African American accredited correspondents during World War II. He covered the “Buffalo Soldiers” and “Tuskegee Airmen,” reporting from India, Burma, and China. Later, City . . . — Map (db m40886) HM
South Carolina (Pickens County), Pickens — Pickens County Buffalo Soldiers — First War Casualties
Private Major Terrell, United States Army First Pickens County Casualty of World War One A resident of Hurricane Township in Pickens, Major Terrell joined the U.S. Army in October 1917 and was assigned to the 305th Labor Company, . . . — Map (db m20035) HM
Tennessee (Anderson County), Clinton — Prelude: The Green McAdoo School
Freedman's Hill, or Foley Hill as it came to be known, has long been an educational site for the African American community, whether in the schoolhouse built by the Freedman's Bureau after the Civil War, later destroyed by fire, or the churches of . . . — Map (db m70646) HM
Tennessee (Washington County), Jonesborough — 1A 109 — Alfred Martin Ray Buffalo Solder — Circa 1849 - 1917
On July 1, 1898, Lt. Ray planted the United States flag on San Juan Hill, Cuba, amid a hail of enemy bullets during the Spanish-American War. For his heroic courage in action, Ray received a battlefield promotion. He served in the U.S. Army from . . . — Map (db m83136) HM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — 568 — Bullis House — Gen. John Lampham Bullis
Official Historical Medallion - Texas Historical Commission Completed in 1909 for Gen. John Lampham Bullis, this Neo-Classical Revival Residence was designed by San Antonio architect Harvey Page. A native of New York, Bullis spent much of his . . . — Map (db m35099) HM
Texas (Cochran County), Morton — 14745 — Buffalo Soldier Tragedy of 1877
African American troops, known as Buffalo Soldiers, were vital in defending the Texas frontier. On July 26, 1877 Buffalo Soldiers from Co. A of the 10th Cavalry began to pursue a Comanche party. During the pursuit, the Comanches led the troops away . . . — Map (db m73660) HM
Texas (El Paso County), El Paso — Fort Bliss Buffalo Soldiers Memorial
History In 1866, One year after the end of the Civil War and more than six months after the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery was enacted Congress had the need to reorganize the peacetime Regular Army. Recognizing the Military merits of Black . . . — Map (db m38367) HM
Texas (El Paso County), El Paso — 12796 — Henry O. Flipper
Henry Ossian Flipper (1856-1940) was the first African-American graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877. Born into slavery in Thomasville, Georgia, he came from a family of achievers; his brothers were an African . . . — Map (db m60727) HM
Texas (El Paso County), Fort Bliss — An Almost Forgotten History
Just one year after the Civil War, Congress passed an act which created two "experimental" cavalry regiments for service on the western frontiers. African Americans, most of whom had only recently been slaves, put on blue uniforms and filled the . . . — Map (db m93887) HM
Texas (El Paso County), Fort Bliss — Buffalo Soldier Memorial of El Paso
"The Errand of Corporal Ross" While on Campaign in the Guadalupe Mountains, Corporal John Ross of I Troop, 9th Calvary, was tasked to take a back trail and bring up the supply wagons that had lagged behind. Enroute to picking up the wagons, CPL . . . — Map (db m93888) HM
Texas (Harris County), Houston — Camp Logan
Soon after the United States' entrance into World War I in 1917, the U.S. Army established 34 training camps to prepare troops for warfare. Named for General John A. Logan, Mexican War and Civil War veteran and senator from Illinois, Camp Logan was . . . — Map (db m14103) HM
Texas (Harris County), Houston — 10696 — The Houston Light Guard
Organized as a Texas Militia unit on April 21, 1873, the Houston Light Guard originally participated in parades, ceremonies, and competitive drills, and served as guard of honor for visiting dignitaries. The first commander was Capt. Edwin Fairfax . . . — Map (db m62772) HM
Texas (Hudspeth County), Fort Hancock — Camp Rice — Built in 1884-5
Department Commander Brigadier General D.S. Stanley, U.S.A. Planned by Major J.G.C. Lee, Chief Quartermaster. Post Commander Captain T.A. Baldwin, 10th Cav’y. Officer in charge of Construction Lieut. E.B. Ives, 19th Inft’y. . . . — Map (db m79374) HM
Texas (Kinney County), Brackettville — 16385 — 1873 Infantry Barracks
Fort Clark by 1873 had grown to regimental size, compelling construction of six single-story infantry barracks and three two-story cavalry barracks by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Department. This one-story rectangular plan barracks was built of . . . — Map (db m82548) HM
Texas (Kinney County), Brackettville — 16260 — 2nd Cavalry Division at Fort Clark
In response to the U.S. experience during World War I, the army organized the 1st and 2nd Cavalry Divisions in 1921. However, the 2nd Cavalry Division was not activated until 1941 at Fort Riley, Kansas. Among the units assigned were the 9th and 10th . . . — Map (db m55473) HM
Texas (Kinney County), Brackettville — 15811 — New Cavalry Barracks
The earliest quarters for soldiers at Fort Clark were tents along Las Moras creek near the spring. During the fort’s 1870s building boom, three cavalry barracks were constructed, but by the late 1920s they had become too deteriorated for continued . . . — Map (db m55034) HM
Texas (Kinney County), Brackettville — 16041 — Palisado Building Kitchen / Mess Room
This structure was built by the U.S. Army in 1869-70 and is an example of vertical post or jacal construction, used due to the absence of trees tall enough for traditional horizontal log construction. African American “Buffalo Soldiers” . . . — Map (db m55468) HM
Texas (Taylor County), Abilene — "Double V" Memorial Flagpole — “Victory against fascism over there, Victory against Jim Crow over here.”
A lasting tribute to the Buffalo Soldiers of WWI and black veterans of WWII, who in service to God, Country, and Community, gave or risked their lives for the freedoms we enjoy today, while for them, these very freedoms were often denied. — Map (db m78013) WM
Utah (Carbon County), Price — 1900 — The Nine Mile Road
The road through Nine Mile Canyon was constructed in 1886 by the Buffalo Soldiers of the U.S. 9th Cavalry to connect Fort Duchesne to the railroad in Carbon County. Most of the stagecoaches, mail and freight passed through Nine Mile into the . . . — Map (db m72729) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Colchester — Buffalo Soldiers At Fort Ethan Allen — 1909-1913
In July 1909, the 10th U.S. Cavalry arrived at Fort Ethan Allen for a four-year assignment. Nicknamed the "Buffalo Soldiers" during the American Indian Wars, the 10th Cavalry was one of the first peacetime all-black regiments established in the . . . — Map (db m104074) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — 92d Infantry Division
World War I France 1918 Meuse-Argonne * World War II Italy 1944-45 Rome-Arno North Apennines Po Valley *** "I do not ask that Thou shall front the fray, And drive the warring foemen from my sight; I only ask O Lord, by . . . — Map (db m11882) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — Buffalo Soldiers — Centennial Ceremony — July 1, 1898 - July 1, 1998
Dedicated to the Buffalo Soldiers, 9th and 10th Cavalry, and the 24th and 25th Infantry Regiments (Colored Troops) for valiant service in the Spanish-American War. They charged up San Juan Hill and El Caney, Cuba with Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough . . . — Map (db m11889) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Fort Myer — Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Myer — This sign marks the site of the proposed Buffalo Soldiers Memorial
Following the Civil War four regiments (9th and 10th Cavalry; 24th and 25th Infantry) of African-American enlisted men, under the command of white officers, were formed to fight on the Western frontier. They did so with distinction being nicknamed . . . — Map (db m41108) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Fort Myer — The "Buffalo Soldiers"
The "Buffalo Soldiers" "We can; we will!" "Ready and Forward!" 9th Cavalry 1891-1894 10th Cavalry 1931-1949 Fort Myer Buffalo Soldiers From 1891 to 1894 Troop K of the 9th Cavalry Regiment was stationed here as a reward for their valor on the . . . — Map (db m41109) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Sergeant Benjamin Brown
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of honor to Sergeant Benjamin Brown, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 11 May 1889, while serving with Company C, 24th . . . — Map (db m84597) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Zacata — JT-17 — Private Tate, Buffalo Soldier
Walter Tate was born nearby in 1854. He enlisted as a private on 6 May 1879 at Fort Concho (present-day San Angelo), Texas, in Company M, 10th Regiment, U. S. Cavalry. Tate and those who served with him on the western frontier defended . . . — Map (db m22351) HM
Washington (Clark County), Vancouver — The Infantry Barracks — Officers Row
The Infantry Barracks is the oldest surviving structure in Vancouver Barracks proper. It was constructed in 1887, one of three identical buildings built to house individual companies of the 14th Infantry. Though it was built prior to the . . . — Map (db m8741) HM

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