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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Oregon Beaver Boards Historical Markers

Oregon Travel Experience promotes over 100 official historical markers throughout Oregon and the majority are easily identifiable by their painted white beaver emblems on brown wooden panels.
 
Baker Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 29, 2017
Baker Marker
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — BakerHistoric Oregon Trail
In October 1861, a group of prospectors in search of the mythical Blue Bucket Mine, made camp on a creek six miles southwest of here. That evening, Henry Griffin discovered gold in the gulch which bears his name. That started a stampede which . . . — Map (db m108152) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Lone Tree of the Oregon Trail
Early Oregon Trail emigrants crested the south flank of Flagstaff Hill and, with the Blue Mountains looming to the west, saw a solitary tree in the valley below. Called l’arbre seul (the lone tree) by French-Canadian fur trappers, this large . . . — Map (db m108122) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Lure of GoldOregon Trail — Oregon History
Beginning in 1843, thousands of Oregon Trail emigrants trekked through this region toward new lives in the West. This epic journey indelibly etched the landscape with wagon ruts, such as those near by. When Henry Griffin, a prospector from . . . — Map (db m108128) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Durkee — DurkeeHistoric Oregon Trail
This spot was famous in early days as Express Ranch an important relay station on the Umatilla-Boise Basin stage and freight route. It was also a favorite camping place for emigrants and teamsters. — Map (db m108121) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Haines — Cattle Drives
After the close of the Sioux and Piute Indian wars the ranchers of Wyoming and Montana, discouraged in their attempts to fatten the Texas longhorn, turned to Oregon for their cattle. During the spring cattlemen and their cowboys arrived daily from . . . — Map (db m113516) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Camp Adair
The US War Department ultimately selected 55,000 acres at this location for an infantry training site in 1941. Temporary quarters were constructed, and the site was dedicated as Camp Adair in 1942. Camp Adair was designed to train two divisions at . . . — Map (db m114382) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Philomath — 385 — Historic Philomath College Building
Philomath college was chartered November 1865, as the United Brethren School for Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and California.  The name combines two Greek words meaning love of learning.  The building’s center structure was completed in . . . — Map (db m122509) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M12 — Oregon City FallsOregon History
Oregon City - once known as Willamette Falls - was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842. A flour mill in 1844. A woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper . . . — Map (db m113515) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Rhododendron — Laurel HillHistoric Oregon Trail.
The pioneer road here detoured the Columbia River rapids and Mount Hood to the Willamette Valley. The road at first followed an old Indian trail. The later name was Barlow Road. Travel was difficult. Wagons were snubbed to trees by ropes on held . . . — Map (db m112372) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M14 — Willamette FallsOregon History
Was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842, a flour mill in 1844, a woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper mill in the Pacific Northwest in 1867. The first . . . — Map (db m113514) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Boone’s Landing
Many of Oregon’s early transportation routes resulted from the efforts of enterprising pioneers like the Boone family of Clackamas County. In 1846 Alphonso Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone, emigrated to Oregon via the Applegate Trail with his large . . . — Map (db m127162) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Arch Cape — Cannon Beach
Lt. Neil M. Howison, U.S.N., arrived in the Columbia River 1 July, 1846 on board the 300-ton United States Naval Survey Schooner "Shark" for the purpose of making an investigation of part of the Oregon Country. His report was instrumental in . . . — Map (db m113513) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Fort Clatsop
Fort Clatsop built by Lewis and Clark in December 1805 for use as winter quarters was situated eight-tenths of a mile south of this point. The site was chosen because of the game in the surrounding country and because it was convenient to the coast . . . — Map (db m113578) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Cannon Beach — Ecola
On January 8, 1806 William Clark and perhaps fourteen of the famous expedition reached a Tillamook village of five cabins on a creek which Captain Clark named Ecola or Whale Creek. Three days earlier, two men sent out from Fort Clatsop to locate a . . . — Map (db m113597) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Seaside — 41st Infantry Division(Sunset)
This Rest Area is dedicated in honor of the 41st Infantry (Sunset) Division. This division was organized for World War I in 1917 at Camp Greene, North Carolina and was demobilized at Camp Dix, New Jersey in 1919. It was reorganized and federally . . . — Map (db m113888) HM WM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Seaside — The Tillamook BurnSunset Springs
Oregon's historic Tillamook forest fire of 1933 spread over 240,000 acres of forest land. Fires in 1939 and 1945 brought the total to 355,000 acres. Over 13 billion board feet of timber were killed. Devastation by these disastrous fires aroused . . . — Map (db m114418) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Seaside — Tsunami
Seaside Devastating waves called “tsunamis” can strike Oregon’s coast at any time. These giant waves are caused by great undersea earthquakes. Such earthquakes can occur along the Cascadia Subduction Zone, one of the largest . . . — Map (db m113871) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Clatskanie — "Captain" John West and Westport, Oregon
"Captain" John West was a self-made man. A native of Scotland, he settled on the lower Columbia River near this spot in the early 1850s after trying his luck in the goldfields of California. West built and operated sawmills, ran a general store and . . . — Map (db m113583) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Scappoose — Thomas McKayOregon History
One of the Oregon Country’s most picturesque fur-traders, Thomas McKay is buried near Scappoose. He was a daring leader, famous storyteller and could drive a nail with a rifle ball. A Canadian, he arrived with the Astorians as a teen-age boy; . . . — Map (db m114416) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Welcome to the Oregon Coast
(panel 1) The Oregon Coast boasts forested headlands, towering dunes of sand, and sparkling lakes and rivers. From the Columbia River south to Bandon, the picturesque coastline is bordered to the east by the peaks of . . . — Map (db m113658) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coquille — Spruce Soldiers
Aircraft proved their military worth during World War I—initially for observation purposes, and later for the support of ground troops and bombing. When the United States entered the war in 1917, air supremacy was hotly contested and airplane . . . — Map (db m120619) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Brookings — The Japanese Attack on Oregon
Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, a contingent of Japanese I-Class submarines sailed from Yokosuka via the Marshall Islands to take up positions off Hawaii and the coast of North America. Five of these vessels carried midget two-man submarines . . . — Map (db m112537) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Gold Beach — Cape San Sebastian
Spanish navigators were the first to explore the North American Pacific Coast, beginning fifty years after Columbus discovered the western continents. Sebastian Vizciano saw this cape in 1603 and named it after the patron saint of the day of his . . . — Map (db m113292) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Pistol River — Conflict at Pistol River
During the early 1850s hundreds of miners and settlers poured into southwest Oregon and onto Indian lands staking claims and establishing farms. The clash of cultural attitudes toward the ownership and use of natural resources led to the Rogue River . . . — Map (db m113293) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Canyonville — Homeland of the Cow Creeks
This portion of the southwest Oregon is homeland to the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians. They thrived here for thousands of years before contact with Euro-Americans. Living in plank-house villages, they followed a seasonal round of resource use. . . . — Map (db m112859) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Oakland — The Cow CreeksA Tale of Strong Recovery
The story of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians is a tale of perseverance and strong recovery in the face of great loss. Epidemics and hostilities with miners let to large population declines. The tribe entered into a treaty with the . . . — Map (db m99222) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Roseburg — Pinot NoirRichard Sommer & HillCrest Vineyard
Oregon’s successful and widely recognized wine industry can be traced to this place, where Richard Sommer first planted Pinot noir grapes in 1961. The Umpqua and Willamette valleys’ climates and topographies are much like those of European wine . . . — Map (db m114452) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Roseburg — Welcome to Southern Oregon
Southern Oregon is a land of great geographic diversity. Here are the more than 250-million-year-old Klamath Mountains in the south, and to the north and uplifted 50-million-year-old ocean floor and overlying sediments, called “Siletzia” . . . — Map (db m112535) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Scottsburg — ScottsburgOregon History
Few Oregon communities have had a more colorful history than Scottsburg. It was named for Levi Scott, a pioneer of 1844, who homesteaded here and founded the town in 1850. There was a lower town at the head of tidewater on the Umpqua River which . . . — Map (db m113510) HM
Oregon (Harney County), Burns — The Terrible TrailOregon History
Weary Oregon Trail emigrants, eager to ease travel or gain mileage, often attempted cutoffs and shortcuts. While many of these alternate routes proved successful, others did not--they became roads to ruin for some and the end of the trail for . . . — Map (db m63032) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Ashland — Dead Indian Memorial Road
Long before the first Euro-American emigrants trekked westward, this road was a trail used by the Takelma and Shasta Peoples as a trade route. With the arrival of settlers and gold-seekers, the trail quickly became a wagon road called ‘Indian Market . . . — Map (db m112524) HM
Oregon (Jefferson County), Terrebonne — Peter Skene OgdenOregon History
This park is named for Peter Skene Ogden, 1793-1854. In the fall of 1825, Ogden led a Hudston's Bay Company trapping party on the first recorded journey into central Oregon, crossing the country to the north and east into the Crooked River Valley . . . — Map (db m67889) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Cave Junction — Triple NicklesHeroes in the Sky
Triple Nickels Formed in 1943, the all-Black 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion was the first opportunity for African officers and enlisted men to become paratroopers in the segregated US Army during World War II. Racial Segregation . . . — Map (db m112484) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Wolf Creek — Canyon CreekOregon History
The narrow gorge of Canyon Creek has long served as a travel corridor. Native Americans likely trekked this canyon for thousands of years. Alexander McLeod of the Hudson's Bay Company provided the first written account of the route in 1829, while . . . — Map (db m112856) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Bly — Balloon BombOregon History
Very near here, on a warm spring day in 1945, six people-a woman and five children-were killed by a Japanese "balloon bomb," or Fugo. The party had arrived for a picnic when they discovered the deflated balloon. While they gathered around the . . . — Map (db m112533) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Chiloquin — Williamson River
A Pacific Railroad survey party searching for a practicable route for a railroad to connect the Sacramento Valley with the Columbia River passed near this point bound north on August 20, 1855. Lieutenant R.S. Williamson headed the party with 2nd . . . — Map (db m112508) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Keno — Applegate Trail
The first emigrant train over the "Southern Route," including more than fifty wagons under the leadership of Captain Levi Scott and David Goff, left the Oregon Trail at Fall Creek or Raft River, on the Snake River, August 10, 1846. The Klamath River . . . — Map (db m88002) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Upper Klamath Lake
This is Oregon's largest body of water, about 90,000 acres. Indians inhabiting its shores ("People of the Lake") lived well on wild fowl, fish and wocus seeds. The first known white visitors (1825-26) were Hudson's Bay trappers under Tom McKay and . . . — Map (db m112525) HM
Oregon (Lake County), Fort Rock — Fort RockOregon Geology and History
Fort Rock is the remnant of a maar volcano or tuff ring, formed when rising basaltic magma encountered water and exploded violently. The exploded debris – called tuff – fell back to earth around the volcanic vent to form this . . . — Map (db m113585) HM
Oregon (Lake County), Lakeview — Abert RimOregon Geology
Behind you to the east is a steep cliff called Abert Rim, made of many layers of hardened lava flows. This 30-mile-long, 2,500-foot-high, steep cliff is an example of a fault scarp, produced over millenia by great blocks of rock tilting and moving . . . — Map (db m112536) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Pleasant Hill — Bristow MonumentOregon History
Elijah Bristow, a veteran of Andrew Jackson's army, erected his cabin here on Pleasant Hill in 1846, earliest year of settlement in Lane County. He and his wife Susannah then led in establishing the county's first church and first school. This . . . — Map (db m99218) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — Yaquina BayOregon History
The old Yaquina Bay Lighthouse established in 1871 is the earliest aid to navigation, standing within the range of the first recorded landfall made from a ship to the shores of the Pacific Northwest. Captain James Cook made this landfall on March . . . — Map (db m113917) HM
Oregon (Linn County), Brownsville — Brownsville
A Town with Ancient Beginnings and Many Names Long before the first pioneer settlers arrived here in the 1840’s, this area was occupied by the ancient Mound Builders and then the Kalapuya Indians. The relative ease of finding food in . . . — Map (db m114451) HM
Oregon (Linn County), Cascadia — Santiam Wagon Road
The pass located east of here through the Cascade Range was once called Wiley Pass after Andrew Wiley. Wiley with other Willamette Valley Pioneers explored it in 1859 while searching for a route to move their livestock to the grasslands of central . . . — Map (db m113671) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Adrian — The South Alternate Route of the Oregon Trail
During the late 19th century thousands of Americans left farms, families and friends to trek the Oregon Trail toward new lives in the West. The trail was nearly 2,000 miles across prairies, mountains and parched deserts. Contrary to popular belief, . . . — Map (db m106941) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Danner — Jean Baptiste Charbonneau1805-1866 — Oregon History
This site marks the final resting place of the youngest member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, born to Sacajawea and Toussaint Charbonneau at Fort Mandan (North Dakota) on February 11, 1805. Baptiste and his mother symbolized the peaceful nature . . . — Map (db m106876) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Juntura — Peter Skene OgdenOregon History
Peter Skene Ogden, leading a party of Hudson’s Bay Company trappers, camped near here on October 10, 1828. On this Ogden’s fifth and final expedition into the "Snake Country," he started on September 22, from Fort Nez Perce (Walla Walla). From here, . . . — Map (db m63024) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — Cutoff FeverOregon History
Eager to save time on the Oregon Trail, emigrants often attempted shortcuts. Between 1845 and 1854, three wagon trains left this campsite seeking a cutoff to the Willamette Valley. The Meek Cutoff of 1845 Frontiersman Stephen . . . — Map (db m107076) HM
Oregon (Marion County), Aurora — Aurora
Dr. Wilhelm Keil founded here a Christian co-operative colony patterned after his colony at Bethel, Missouri. Musicians of the settlement made it widely famous. After Dr. Keil's death in 1877 the communal enterprise was dissolved. — Map (db m114279) HM
Oregon (Marion County), Aurora — Boone's Ferry
During the period of Oregon's Provisional Government ( 1841-1849), residents traveled by Indian trails, water courses, or on privative rough-hewn wagon roads etched by emigrant settlers. During the days to the Territorial Government (1849-1859), and . . . — Map (db m114295) HM
Oregon (Marion County), St. Paul — Champoeg
This area, once named tchampuick, the 'place of yampah' was the traditional homeland of the Tualatin Kalapuya tribe. Fur trappers first arrived here by canoe in 1811, and they found lush open prairies bordering the Willamette River. In 1830, . . . — Map (db m114307) HM
Oregon (Marion County), St. Paul — Willamette Post
Willamette Post was established in December 1813 on a knoll just east of this location by employees of the North West Company, a Montreal based fur-trading company. During the ensuing years the two-room log cabin, also known as Fort Kalapuya, served . . . — Map (db m114308) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Cascade Locks — Beacon Rock
The prominent monolith across the river was named Beacon Rock by Lewis and Clark, November 2, 1805. It marked the beginning of tidewater for early river explorers who used it for a landmark in their journeys. The Indians say that when the Chinook . . . — Map (db m34643) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Broughton’s Expedition
Captain George Vancouver in a voyage of exploration to the Northwest coast of America ordered by the British Admiralty Office assigned Lieutenant William Robert Broughton, Commander of H.M.S. Chatham, to explore the navigable waters of the Columbia . . . — Map (db m34495) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — The Willamette Stone
This short trail leads to the Willamette Stone, the surveyor's monument that is the point of origin for all public land surveys in Oregon and Washington. The landmark was established on June 4, 1851 by John B. Preston, Oregon's first Surveyor . . . — Map (db m38400) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Portland — Vanport
Within a year of the US entering World War II, more than 160,000 people moved to Portland — a city of only 360,000 — to work in Home Front industries. Industrialist Henry Kaiser's three shipyards employed the most workers. To house his . . . — Map (db m38410) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Troutdale — Sandy River Bridge
On October 30, 1792 off the point in the Columbia River where the Sandy empties its waters, the boat crew from the H.M.S. Chatham (Vancouver's Voyages) were the first white men to sight the snowclad peak which Lt. Wm. R. Broughton named Mt. Hood in . . . — Map (db m38388) HM
Oregon (Polk County), Grand Ronde — The Grand Ronde Indian Reservation
Indians inhabited Oregon’s inland valleys for thousands of years before Euro-Americans began to arrive in the late 18th Century. In the early 1780s, and again in the 1830s, diseases spread by seafarers and fur trappers swept through Oregon’s valleys . . . — Map (db m112996) HM
Oregon (Polk County), Rickreall — V9 — James W. NesmithPioneer and Statesman
James W. Nesmith, born in New Brunswick, Canada on July 23, 1820, was among the first emigrants to trek the Oregon Trail in 1843. He filed a land claim near present day Monmouth in 1844, and the following year took part in the formation of . . . — Map (db m113611) HM
Oregon (Sherman County), Wasco — Deschutes River Crossing
The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floating the prairie schooners and swimming the livestock. An island at the river mouth was often utilized when the water was high and the ford dangerous. Pioneer women and . . . — Map (db m34575) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Garibaldi — Captain Robert Gray
commanding the sloop, "Lady Washington" left Boston in October 1787 on a trading voyage to the West Coast of North America, seeking otter furs. To his small crew of about a dozen men, Gray soon added Markus Lopeus, who boarded at the Cape Verde . . . — Map (db m113549) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Meacham — Emigrant Springs State Park
In the first week of January, 1812, a party of trappers and traders, members of the Astor Overland Expedition, crossed the Blue Mountains in this area. Traveling afoot in bitter cold, often waist deep in snow, they were the first white men in this . . . — Map (db m111534) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Meacham — MeachamHistoric Oregon Trail.
First known as Lee's Encampment, from establishment of a troop camp by Major H.A.G. Lee in 1844, A.B. and Harvey Meacham operated famous "Mountain House" here, which gave the town its present name. In later years a famous railroad eating . . . — Map (db m111530) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Pendleton — PendletonHistoric Trail
This location marks a travel corridor for Plateau Tribes moving seasonally from the Columbia River to the Blue Mountains. In 1811, members of the Astor Party under the leadership of Wilson Price Hunt camped here on their way west. They traded with . . . — Map (db m111565) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Pendleton — Umatilla CountyHistoric Oregon Trail.
Weary emigrants traveling westward on the Oregon Trail favored a campsite on the near bank of the Umatilla River at this point. On leaving they climbed the same hill the highway now traverses. Then recrossed the Umatilla River at Echo 20 hot dusty . . . — Map (db m111912) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Ukiah — Battle MountainOregon History
The decisive engagement of the Bannock War was fought on the foothills of Battle Mountain, July 8, 1878. The war - a protest against white encroachment, and the last major uprising in the Pacific Northwest - was started by Bannock Indians, but Egan, . . . — Map (db m108178) HM WM
Oregon (Union County), La Grande — Historic La GrandeOregon History
La Grande was the first town permanently settled in Northeastern Oregon. Daniel Chaplin laid out the original "Old Town" in spring of 1862 and Ben Brown built the first house, a log cabin, alongside the Oregon Trail at the corner of B Avenue and . . . — Map (db m111438) HM
Oregon (Union County), North Powder — Marie DorionWoman of Courage
Madame Marie Dorion, a Native American of the Sioux Nation, gained recognition for her endurance and courage in the early American West. As the only woman on the long and difficult Wilson Price Hunt expedition from Montreal to the wild Oregon . . . — Map (db m111338) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Enterprise — Nez PerceOregon History
Wallowa Valley, summer homeland of the Joseph Band Nez Perce, was part of the expansive Nez Perce Reservation established by the treaty of 1855. Upon discovery of gold in the region, the U.S. eliminated the reservation in the Wallowas in 1863. The . . . — Map (db m71746) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — Wallowa LakeOregon Geology
Wallowa Lake fills a depression that was formerly occupied by a great river of ice that flowed out of the high Wallowa mountains to the south. This glacier reached its greatest size in the late Pleistocene age, about 12 to 40 thousand years ago. As . . . — Map (db m111368) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), Mosier — Memaloose—Island of the DeadOregon History
Until very recent times, the Indian people of the Columbia River did not bury their dead, Instead, bodies were wrapped in robes or tule mats and deposited in canoes that were placed in the woods, on rocky points, or in cedar vaults on islands like . . . — Map (db m113517) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Ancient Indian Fishing GroundsWyam Falls
Before a network of dams controlled the Columbia River it was a raging torrent. Here at Wyam Falls, known today as Celilo Falls, a vertical drop of more than 20 feet and sheer basalt bluffs on either shore forced the river into seething, boiling . . . — Map (db m34581) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), Tygh Valley — Sherar's Bridge Area
This area on the Deschutes River has been a river crossing and fishing location for thousands of years. Peter Skene Odgen made note of an Indian camp and bridge when he crossed here in 1826. Early pioneers using the Meek Cutoff passed here on their . . . — Map (db m112505) HM
Oregon (Washington County), Hillsboro — Joseph L. Meek
This marks the land claim of Joseph L. Meek, famed and unlettered "mountain man," who arrived in 1840 after driving from Fort Hall to Walla Walla in the first wagon on that part of the Oregon Trail. He was a founder of the Provisional Government; . . . — Map (db m113887) HM
Oregon (Yamhill County), Dayton — Courthouse Square ParkFort Yamhill Blockhouse
Courthouse Square Park is a monument to the civic and commercial aspirations of Dayton’s founders, Joel Palmer, his son-in-law Andrew Smith and Christopher Taylor. Palmer and Taylor, who settled here to farm in 1848, laid out the town site on the . . . — Map (db m114311) HM
Oregon (Yamhill County), Dayton — Yamhill BlockhouseOregon History
This marker is composed of two panels. This building was a military blockhouse built at the Grand Ronde Agency by Willamette Valley settlers in 1856. U.S. Troops were sent to the station the same year and its was named "Fort . . . — Map (db m114313) HM
Oregon (Yamhill County), McMinnville — Glacial ErraticsOregon Geology
The 90-ton glacial erratic rock at the top of this 1/4-mile-long trail is a stranger from a distant location—it was transported here thousands of years ago on an iceberg in the wake of a cataclysmic flood. During the last Ice Age, . . . — Map (db m68913)

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